The Turning Toward Versus Turning Away Coding System (Turning System) was
created for the study of the unique interactions of couples in their everyday lives.
This systemwas designed tomeasure subtle, microlevel behaviors in everyday in-
teraction. We designed the Turning System to gain a better understanding of the
ways in which couples initiate interactions and respond to each other in a
semi-natural environment. The codes were created from daily interactions in a
broad range of situations from watching TV to cooking dinner. As a result, they
capture daily interactions whenever they occur.