Plant variety protection in the Arab Republic of Egypt was created by Law 82/2002 on the Protection of Intellectual Property Rights, which was adopted in 2002, specifically Book 4 of this law entitled ‘Plant Varieties.’1 Some aspects of the law closely echo the standards set out in the International Convention for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants (UPOV Convention).2 For example, to be protectable, a variety must be novel, distinct, uniform and stable.3 It also requires that newly protected materials represent advanced values for cultivation and use.4