Brazilian Law no. 10711 Regulating the National Seed and Seedling System, of 5 August 2003 (commonly known as the Seed Law) aims to ‘ensure the identity and quality of materials for multiplication and reproduction of plants produced, sold and used in the national territory.’1 Despite focusing primarily on the ‘formal’ system of seeds in the country, this law creates some legal space for varieties developed by local farmers and adapted to the local socioenvironmental conditions – the ‘local, traditional and Creole’ varieties.