Recent experiences in many conflict-affected areas have shown that reconstruction and development assistance can be used to support peace initiatives before a final resolution to conflict is achieved. In itself, reconstruction will not bring about peace, but it can make a contribution toward reducing the scope of the conflict and provide much-needed assistance to people who otherwise would be forced to leave their homes in search of relief and public welfare. It is a way of breaking the vicious circle of violence and poverty, especially for women-headed households and other vulnerable segments of the population.