Laws and policies addressing return and restitution-discussed in detail in part 2 of this book-often link to broader questions of suitable post-conflict frameworks for land administration. The first two chapters in this part focus on efforts to create a suitable legal framework for land management in post-conflict Cambodia. In “Title through Possession or Position? Respect for Housing, Land, and Property Rights in Cambodia,” Rhodri C. Williams discusses widespread post-conflict violations of HLP rights in Cambodia and the challenges associated with the implementation of a legal framework for the protection of those rights. Two decades after the 1991 Paris Peace Agreements, insecure land tenure, rapid urbanization, and forced evictions continue to create internal displacement, threaten people’s livelihoods, and potentially undermine national stability. Williams examines the roles of the Cambodian authorities, domestic nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), and international organizations in the failure over the past decade to engender full respect for HLP rights and to guarantee accountability for abuses in accordance with the provisions of Cambodia’s groundbreaking 2001 Land Law.