Construction management is a broad term. It relates to the planning, organizing, directing, controlling, and staffing of a business enterprise. This involves significant coordination and regulation both internally within a company and externally with other companies, clients, organizations, and agencies. There are countless examples of applying economic, environmental, and social concepts to construction management. This chapter will cover four examples. First, the concept of materials and waste management is introduced to provide tools for addressing the increased rate of material consumption specifically as it pertains to infrastructure projects. Next, the role of specifications in sustainable construction management is presented through examining ASTM International, the International Organization for Standardization, and the Construction Specifications Institute. The third concept, community participation, addresses a nontechnical and educational leadership role engineers must play in order to more effectively engage the community in the full life cycle of an infrastructure project. Finally, the importance of worker safety and roles is presented as the fourth concept.