ABSTRACT

Haiti’s energy supplies must be imported; it has no indigenous supply of oil-derived energy. Haiti does have extensive exposure to sunlight and wind, as well as tide and wave energy. Water is used in hydropower applications and as such is a renewable energy source and a major contributor to the generation of electricity. Renewable energy is a form of energy capable of being constantly regenerated by natural processes at reasonable rates. Renewable energy technologies turn the fuels into usable forms of energy—most often electricity, but also heat, chemicals, or mechanical power. Renewable energy is energy generated from natural resources—sunlight, wind, water, ocean thermal, wave and tide action, biomass, geothermal heat—which are naturally replenished. The connection between energy use and food has always existed and always will. Since time immemorial to the present, we have expended one form of energy or another to hunt, gather, sow, and harvest our foodstuffs.