This chapter discusses recommendations about how to publish or use previously published names of species and infraspecific taxa governed by rank-based codes in conjunction with clade names governed by this code. In general, a genus name that is also an established clade name under this code should be selected if possible. When a species uninomen is combined with more than one genus name and/or clade name, hierarchical relationships among the taxa designated by those names can be indicated in a variety of ways, but the taxa should be listed in order of decreasing inclusiveness from left to right. The use of parentheses for this purpose is optional, which is consistent with the decreased emphasis on categorical ranks under this code. Parentheses may also be used if a specific name or epithet is associated with just one clade name of suprageneric rank under the appropriate rank-based code.