Quantization of integrable systems
DOI link for Quantization of integrable systems
Quantization of integrable systems book
This chapter discusses in some detail the connection between the classical and quantum mechanical equations of motion, largely using examples that are solvable. It recounts how the old quantum theory was formulated by quantizing the action. Choosing irreducible cycles around the tori leads naturally to defining the action and angle variables of motion, and the quantization of action around each cycle. The chapter shows that families of these periodic orbits contribute to the oscillating part of the density of states of an integrable system in the form of a trace formula. It discusses the transition from integrability to chaos in such systems when perturbations are added that couple resonantly to these natural frequencies. The chapter elaborates with a view to develop the semiclassical approximation, and the associated quantization condition. It brings out the similarity between the Schrodinger equation of wave mechanics, and the HJ equation.