Hazardous waste pollution, hazardous waste terminologies, various onsite, offsite, in situ, and

ex situ environmental remediation technologies, and case histories are presented in this chapter.

The topics of soil remediation technologies covered here include excavation, stabilization,

solidification, vapor stripping, vacuum extraction, thermal desorption, incineration, starved air

combustion, pyrolysis, hot air enhanced stripping, steam enhanced stripping, thermal extraction,

subsurface volatilization and ventilation, vitrification, soil surfactant flushing, soil washing, soil

bioremediation, bioventing, slurry bioreactor, chemical treatment, KPEG treatment, and natural

attenuation. The topics of groundwater decontamination technologies covered here include air

stripping, ultraviolet radiation, oxidation, carbon adsorption, groundwater bioremediation,

sewer discharge, liquid/liquid (oil/water) separation, free product recovery, in situ flushing, trenching, containerizing, and dissolved air flotation.