The term laser is an acronym for light ampliﬁcation by stimulated emission of radiation. Laser
technology is one of the most rapidly developing areas in modern technology. When the ﬁrst laser
was developed by T.H. Maiman in the United States of America in 1960, it was called ‘a solution in
search of many problems’ because there were no applications for the laser at that time. Since then,
the laser has become the solution for many diverse applications, from a simple laser pointer to a
sophisticated satellite tracking laser system.