DOI link for Surface Failure
Surface Failure book
This chapter discusses the extensive topic of surface damage. In both cases, surface failure occurs in the absence of adequate lubricant. Prevention or reduction of surface failure is one of the greatest challenges to modern engineering. Machines should be designed to reduce surface failure as much as feasible and provide for easy replacement of worn-out components. The surface strength of materials is of utmost importance to design machines having a long and satisfactory life. Surface engineering, a multidisciplinary activity, tailors the properties of the surfaces and near-surface regions of a material to allow the surface to perform functions that are distinct from those functions demanded from the bulk of the material. Corrosion is the deterioration or destruction of a material because of a chemical reaction with its environment. It is the wearing away of metals owing to a chemical reaction.