With the increased concern for energy conservation in recent years, much attention has been focused on lighting energy consumption and methods for reducing it. Along with this concern for energy efficient lighting has come the realization that lighting has profound effects on worker productivity as well as important aesthetic qualities. This chapter presents an introduction to lighting design and some of the energy efficient techniques that can be utilized while maintaining the quality of illumination. There are two common lighting methods used. One is called the lumen method, while the other is the point-by-point method. The chapter illustrates several lighting efficiency options. It lists various types of equipment that can be components of a lighting control system, with a description of the predominant characteristic of each type of equipment. The control of fluorescent lighting systems is receiving increased attention. Two major categories of lighting control are available personnel sensors and lighting compensators.