Over the past three decades, environmental pollution has been an emerging global public health problem of developing and developed nations. The swift urbanization and industrial revolution increased ecological pollution to a dangerous level. The numerous sources of pollution change the arrangement and composition of the environment, including air, water, and soil. Environmental pollution and its associated diseases are caused by dust, fumes, and particulate matter that are influenced by type, nature, size, concentration, and duration of exposure to airborne pollutants in the breathing zone. Environmental pollution is a leading risk factor for several illnesses, mainly respiratory, coronary artery diseases, endocrine, diabetes mellitus, nervous system disorders, lung inflammation, and cancer. Air pollution has a $2.9 trillion economic burden, equal to 3.3% of the world’s GDP. Environmental pollution is an invisible and silent killer and the reason behind worldwide approximately 7 million premature deaths annually.