Modern technology has altered human lives and the environment. The widespread use of mobile phones, Wi-Fi and non-ionizing radiation generated by these devices raises great concerns about adverse effects on human health. Electromagnetic radiation, also known as “electromagnetic smog,” is a new challenge for health officials and policymakers. The greatest polluting element in the environment is the proliferation of electromagnetic fields. The brain and eyes are susceptible organs and are affected by radiofrequency electromagnetic field radiation (RF-EMFR) generated from mobile phones due to people’s extreme proximity to mobile phones when using them, which can last from minutes to hours per day. Analyses of various human and animal model studies and clinical findings have revealed a relationship between RF-EMFR generated from mobile phones and various ocular outcomes, including cataract, corneal edema, lacrimation of the eyes, dry eye disease (DED), vision impairment, and increased risk of eye tumors. Health officials must implement directives to minimize public exposure to RF-EMFR by regulating the usage of mobile phones and avoiding installing mobile phone base-station towers in or near residential and highly populated areas.