Maritime transport of containerized cargo involves not only maritime shipping but also port operations. Hence, the ninth chapter presents scientific considerations on determining the role of port container terminals in maritime container turnover. It is also necessary to define the notion of a container terminal and its complementary entities (dry ports and container depots). As a result, the chapter presents the functional and organizational characteristics of a maritime container terminal and a definition of the main stakeholders of that system: global operators of maritime container terminals.