The first chapter introduces the readers to the problems of containerization by presenting the origins of containerization processes in international trade (forming a bridge between the past and the present). This allows the authors to present a chronology indicating the appearance of pre-container cargo vessels in transport and the place and time when containers (as we know them today) appeared. In order to understand the impact of containerization on modern transport, the implications resulting from the common use of containers in the global economy are discussed. Subsequently, this becomes a reason for discussing the scope of the impact exerted by accelerators and systemic/technical/economic barriers that determine the development of containerization in the world (with particular consideration of maritime transport). The chapter also presents an attempt at providing their systemization and hierarchization.