The sixth chapter presents the economic aspects referring to transport and container handling costs in international trade. The chapter also provides an insight into the problems pertaining to the allocation of transport and container handling costs to exporters and importers (Incoterms, Combiterms, RAFTD). It also presents the range or port fees that are charged on maritime container operators for the use of port facilities and container terminals. There are also customs brokerage service fees, freight rates in maritime transport of containers and fees for services provided at container terminals that are charged on exporters and importers of containerized cargo. The considerations presented in the eighth chapter are concluded with the characteristics of the role and significance of indices in maritime container turnover (World Container Index—WCI, Freightos Baltic Index—FBX, Shanghai Containerized Freight Index—CFI, New ConTex and others).