ABSTRACT

Diabetes is a chronic condition that inhibits the body’s ability to regulate blood glucose levels. There are two forms of diabetes: type 1 and type 2. Diabetes is normally diagnosed using a combination of diagnostic testing, a medical history review, and a physical examination. Diagnostic tests include the fasting blood glucose test, the oral glucose tolerance test, the glycated hemoglobin test, and the random blood glucose test. A medical history review and physical examination, in addition to diagnostic tests, are critical components of primary diabetes analysis. The physical examination will include determining the individual’s weight, blood pressure, and overall health, as well as looking for indicators of diabetic complications. The prognosis for type 2 diabetes varies based on a number of factors, including age, lifestyle, medical history, and the presence of other diseases. Individuals with type 2 diabetes either do not make enough insulin or do not use insulin adequately, resulting in high blood sugar levels.