This chapter provides a background that helps us to understand the power of the factors that shaped the Indian social clause debate. It analyses the claims used in the debate and describes the processes of dissemination of the claims among the different groups of stakeholders in the debate. Liberalization became the common development path of many developing countries. As in other developing countries embarking on liberalization, India’s liberalization was stimulated by an economic crisis that hit the country at the beginning of the 1980s. Since its liberalization policy, India’s stake in the international market is higher than ever. This resulted in many disputes between India and the developed countries during the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade Uruguay Round. These disputes involved not only more traditional issues such as textiles and agricultural trade, but also the inclusion of new issues, such as intellectual property rights, investment, services and labour.