Fundamental Electrical Properties
DOI link for Fundamental Electrical Properties
Fundamental Electrical Properties book
Each atom consists of a compact nucleus of positively and negatively charged particles (protons and electrons, respectively). Additional electrons travel in well-defined orbits around the nucleus. The electron orbits are grouped in regions called shells, and the number of electrons in each orbit increases with the increase in orbit diameter in accordance with quantum-theory laws of physics. The diameter of the outer orbiting path of electrons in an atom is in the order of one-millionth (10-6) millimeter, and the nucleus, one-millionth of that. These typical figures emphasize the minute size of the atom.