Optical Devices and Systems
DOI link for Optical Devices and Systems
Optical Devices and Systems book
A multi-mode step index fiber typically has a core diameter in the 50 to 1,000 micron range. The large core permits many modes of propagation. Because light will reflect differently for different modes, the path of each ray is a different length. The lowest-order mode travels down the center; higher-order modes strike the core-cladding interface at angles near the critical angle. As a result, a narrow pulse of light spreads out as it travels through this type of fiber. This spreading is called modal dispersion (Figure 19.1).