ABSTRACT

Projects are much like hurricanes. They have a beginning and, fortunately, an end. They have a ceiling (they can go up to the troposphere) and a floor (the central pressure level, which is a key measurement of their strength). They are the results of causes, some of which are undisputed: sea surface temperature and vertical wind shear to name just two (the human influence and its participation in global warming is still being debated). They are unique and innovative in their own right. They are composed of recognizable characteristics: rotation, size, strength, vapor content, and so forth. You can infer them from their functional elements: (1) a storm surge (easily exceeding 20  feet of water pouring over the land for Category Five); (2) high winds, some recorded at over 170 miles/hour; (3) massive loads of rain water; and finally (4) tornadoes spawned from their release of energy on land. They are bound by seasonal variations, that is, by the duration and timing (e.g., the Atlantic seasonal hurricane season) resulting from the Earth’s movements, by their structure (e.g., what they can gather in terms of dust, heat, vapor, wind, etc.), as well as by their energetic qualities (e.g.,

an initial independent disturbance that eventually gets them churning out their power, their origin, their proximity to the equator and to land, etc.).