ABSTRACT

For the last few decades, interest has arisen toward the development of nanocomposites consisting of a polymer matrix in which a nanoparticle is evenly distributed. Several types of nanofillers, with their three, two, or one dimensions in the nanoscale, such as exfoliated clay,1-3 carbon derivatives such as carbon nanotubes, graphene,4 ceramic oxides, nitrides, and carbides5-7 have been dispersed into polymers. The resultant nanocomposites were shown to exhibit improvements in several properties, such as mechanical,8,9 conductive, and dielectric,10 gas barrier, UV,11 and flame resistance,12 among others when compared to pure polymers, and hence can be used in packaging, automotive, and aerospace industries.