This chapter is a question and answer style article that contains past FRCA paper examples related to neurosurgery, neuroradiology and neurocritical care. It also guides trainees on the most effective manner in which to approach these questions. Trainees are asked to sedate a frightened adult patient for insertion of dental implants in an outpatient dental chair. The discussion covers the following: the four levels of sedation in the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) continuum of sedation and the clinical features seen at each level; drugs that may be used and their methods of administration, when providing sedation for this patient; and the best practice principles for providing safe sedation to this patient.