Point-Set Topological Spatial Relations
DOI link for Point-Set Topological Spatial Relations
Point-Set Topological Spatial Relations book
Practical needs in geographic information systems (GIS) have led to the investigation of formal and sound methods of describing spatial relations. After an introduction to the basic ideas and notions of topology, a novel theory of topological spatial relations between sets is developed in which the relations are defined in terms of the intersections of the boundaries and interiors of two sets. By considering
as the values of the intersections, a total of sixteen topological spatial relations is described, each of which can be realized in
. This set is reduced to nine relations if the sets are restricted to spatial regions, a fairly broad class of subsets of a connected topological space with an application to GIS. It is shown that these relations correspond to some of the standard set theoretical and topological spatial relations between sets such as equality, disjointedness and containment in the interior.