DOI link for Mineral Admixures
Mineral Admixures book
Fly ash is a byproduct of the combustion of pulverized coal in thermal power plants. A dust-collection system removes the ﬂy ash, as a ﬁne particulate residue, from combustion gases before they are discharged into the atmosphere (Figure 2.1). The types and relative amounts of incombustible matter in the coal used determine the chemical composition of ﬂy ash. More than 85% of most ﬂy ashes is comprised of chemical compounds and glasses formed from the elements silicon, aluminum, iron, calcium, and
magnesium. Generally, ﬂy ash from the combustion of subbituminous coals contains more calcium and less iron than ﬂy ash from bituminous coal; also, ﬂy ash from subbituminous coals contains very little unburned carbon. Plants that operate only intermittently (peak-load stations) and that burn bituminous coals produce the largest percentage of unburned carbon. Fly-ash particles are typically spherical, ranging in diameter from <1 µm up to 150 µm.