The practice of free-phase NAPL recovery, soil vapor extraction, and hydraulic containment at remediation sites almost always generates some volume of water contaminated with dissolved fractions. Depending on the size of the facility and the scale of the recovery and restoration project, the amount of groundwater coproduced can possibly exceed 1000 gal/min. Handling of these volumes of contaminated water can be very expensive if treatment is required prior to disposal or reinjection. Treatment of water derived from sites contaminated by other organic chemicals will involve adaptations of these procedures to the specific situation.