2 Generation of Particles by Reaction
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Coagulating liquid particles are generally spherical, but solid aggregates form more complex structures. In many cases the structure of particulate aggregates approaches a self-similar form wherein the particle mass scales with the radius of gyration of the agglomerate, Rg, as
m m RR
where Df is the mass fractal dimension, which is generally smaller than the Euclidean dimension of 3, often about 1.8 for highly agglomerated particles, and m0 5 rpv0 is the mass of the primary particle.