Economic data for the production and utilization of Jerusalem artichoke are relatively scarce, because the crop is not currently grown on a large commercial scale. However, there are some economic analyses for crop production and the use of Jerusalem artichoke for bioethanol and inulin production that highlight its potential. Bioethanol is in demand as a gasoline additive and biofuel, while inulin is increasingly used as a food ingredient. The tops and tubers of Jerusalem artichoke also have many other potential applications.