L.) for the species in 1753. Today his system of classification is universally accepted, though it was not uniformly welcomed at that time. This sentiment is evident in the following comment by Brookes, published in 1763:



It is therefore not surprising that there have been a wide assortment of names ascribed to the species, reflecting varying levels of accuracy or appropriateness (Table 2.1). Or as Redcliffe Salaman (1940) aptly states,

H. tuberosus


Helianthus annuus

during “their 300 years sojourn in Europe have acquired a bewildering number of aliases.” In fact, the two most widely used common names, Jerusalem artichoke and topinambou, are neither accurate nor appropriate. Salaman (1940) presents a detailed account of their possible derivation.