In order to protect people from being exposed to excessive noise, different communities have

implemented different types of legislative control. While the controls vary in scope, control

mechanisms, and technical requirements, and are based on different control philosophies, they are

intended to achieve a balance between the demand for a tranquil environment and the need for

maintaining economic and social activities. In general, the noise standards vary according to the

time of day and the use of the land concerned, with the more stringent standards applied to rest

periods and areas where the noise sensitivity is high, such as those with schools and hospitals, and

exclusive residential areas. Different countries have adopted different noise standards and regulations

to meet their local situations and requirements. This chapter cannot describe all major control

criteria and regulations in the world, or even in the major industrialized countries. Only the main

issues of legislation on noise emission and reception are briefly introduced in the chapter. More

details in the on-going noise control issues are found in Refs. [2,3].