Crime prevention is not a new idea. Indeed, for as long as people have been victimized, there have been attempts to protect one’s self and one’s family. The term

crime prevention

, however, has only recently come to signify a set of ideas for combating crime. Many people suggest that crime prevention today is new and unique, particularly in terms of citizen participation. In reality, many recent activities classified as crime prevention can be seen throughout history. “New” crime prevention ideas and techniques are often little more than reincarnations of past practices or extensions of basic approaches in the (distant) past. It is only in the relatively recent past that the general citizenry has


been the primary line of defense against crime and victimization.