After the “Cold War,” the rise of the asymmetric warfare and the emergence of chemical terrorism (e.g., the Sarin attack in Japan) show the necessity for the development of new effi cient decontamination media. The danger arising from the accidental release of toxic chemicals after the destruction of industrial plants also has to be considered. Hence, effective decontaminants are very much needed for military decontamination forces but also for civilian fi rst responders and fi refi ghters [1].