T. gondii infection in wild game is of epidemiological signicance. Deer are popular game animals in several countries. In some countries red deer and reindeer are domesticated and raised for human consumption. In the United States the deer population is estimated in the millions. During the 2006 deer hunting seasons 150,552 and 270,778 deer were harvested in Iowa and Minnesota alone.417 The white-tailed deer (WTD) is the most abundant species in the United States. Deer and bears are the two most common game and more information is available on T. gondii infection in these animals than other game. Therefore I have separated these from other game animals.