The ablation of thyroid and parathyroid glands is performed through the thyroparathyroidectomy (TPTX). It is a low complexity surgery that can be performed in 20 minutes and it presents high chances of success. The thyroid gland lies on the lateral surface of the trachea just below the larynx and covers four or ve tracheal rings. The two thyroid lobes are joined by an isthmus. The gland is covered by three muscles: sterno-thyroid, thyro-hyoid, and sterno-hyoid. The recurrent laryngeal nerve is situated between the trachea and the lobes of the gland.