I. CONCEPTUALIZING IN THE HUMANITIES The humanities, which comprehend philosophy, history, literature, and language, commonly involve a different type of writing than occurs in empirical papers in the natural and social sciences. Frequently there is a focus on epistemology (studying the nature of knowledge and knowing) and axiology (studying the implications of ethics, morality, and values), and creative writing or artistic performance has a place as well. However, the line between the humanities and the sciences is not as evident as might first appear. Concepts in the humanities may touch on the sociology of knowledge, for instance, which is a well-established social science field, as is cultural anthropology, whose focus is on culture, including values. These examples illustrate the interest of the social sciences as well as the humanities in epistemology and axiology, respectively.