ABSTRACT

E/A E Iav mfp LTav LDav Var LTav LDav Var Range keV/A keV nm−1 nm keV/µm keV/µm L 100 100 L100µm

1.000E−01 4.000E −01

3.637E−02 2.750E+01 2.718E+01 2.750E+01 1.171E −02

2.718E+01 2.750E+01 1.171E−02 1.818E−02

1.500E−01 6.000E −01

5.084E−02 1.967E+01 2.826E+01 2.855E+01 1.037E −02

2.826E+01 2.855E+01 1.037E−02 2.473E−02

2.000E−01 8.000E −01

6.462E−02 1.547E+01 2.889E+01 2.915E+01 8.997E −03

2.889E+01 2.915E+01 8.997E−03 3.121E−02

3.000E−01 1.200E +00

9.059E−02 1.104E+01 2.958E+01 2.979E+01 6.912E −03

2.958E+01 2.979E+01 6.912E−03 4.411E−02

4.000E−01 1.600E +00

1.148E−01 8.709E+00 2.996E+01 3.013E+01 5.569E −03

2.996E+01 3.013E+01 5.569E−03 5.697E−02

5.000E−01 2.000E +00

1.376E−01 7.266E+00 3.021E+01 3.035E+01 4.691E −03

3.021E+01 3.035E+01 4.691E−03 6.977E−02

6.000E−01 2.400E +00

1.592E−01 6.281E+00 3.042E+01 3.054E+01 4.105E −03

3.042E+01 3.054E+01 4.105E−03 8.248E−02

7.000E−01 2.800E +00

1.798E−01 5.563E+00 3.060E+01 3.072E+01 3.718E −03

3.060E+01 3.072E+01 3.718E−03 9.507E−02

8.000E−01 3.200E +00

1.994E−01 5.016E+00 3.078E+01 3.089E+01 3.479E −03

3.078E+01 3.089E+01 3.479E−03 1.075E−01

9.000E−01 3.600E +00

2.181E−01 4.584E+00 3.096E+01 3.107E+01 3.358E −03

3.096E+01 3.107E+01 3.358E−03 1.199E−01

1.000E+00 4.000E +00

2.361E−01 4.235E+00 3.115E+01 3.125E+01 3.335E −03

3.115E+01 3.125E+01 3.335E−03 1.320E−01

1.500E+00 6.000E +00

3.171E−01 3.154E+00 3.214E+01 3.228E+01 4.392E −03

3.214E+01 3.228E+01 4.392E−03 1.903E−01

2.000E+00 8.000E +00

3.865E−01 2.587E+00 3.322E+01 3.345E+01 6.915E −03

3.322E+01 3.345E+01 6.915E−03 2.444E−01

3.000E+00 1.200E +01

5.025E−01 1.990E+00 3.546E+01 3.597E+01 1.458E −02

3.546E+01 3.597E+01 1.458E−02 3.421E−01

4.000E+00 1.600E +01

5.977E−01 1.673E+00 3.766E+01 3.856E+01 2.388E −02

3.766E+01 3.856E+01 2.388E−02 4.285E−01

5.000E+00 2.000E +01

6.787E−01 1.473E+00 3.977E+01 4.111E+01 3.359E −02

3.977E+01 4.111E+01 3.359E−02 5.065E−01

6.000E+00 2.400E +01

7.493E−01 1.335E+00 4.179E+01 4.359E+01 4.311E −02

4.179E+01 4.359E+01 4.311E−02 5.779E−01

7.000E+00 2.800E +01

8.116E−01 1.232E+00 4.372E+01 4.600E+01 5.224E −02

4.372E+01 4.600E+01 5.224E−02 6.441E−01

8.000E+00 3.200E +01

8.673E−01 1.153E+00 4.557E+01 4.834E+01 6.089E −02

4.557E+01 4.834E+01 6.089E−02 7.059E−01

9.000E+00 3.600E +01

9.175E−01 1.090E+00 4.734E+01 5.061E+01 6.900E −02

4.734E+01 5.061E+01 6.900E−02 7.641E−01

1.000E+01 4.000E 9.632E−01 1.038E+00 4.905E+01 5.280E+01 7.656E 4.905E+01 5.280E+01 7.656E−02 8.192E−01

1.500E+01 6.000E

+01 1.141E+00 8.765E−01 5.674E+01 6.285E+01 1.076E

−01 5.674E+01 6.285E+01 1.076E−01 1.061E+00

2.000E+01 8.000E +01

1.264E+00 7.914E−01 6.342E+01 7.167E+01 1.301E −01

6.342E+01 7.167E+01 1.301E−01 1.265E+00

3.000E+01 1.200E +02

1.419E+00 7.048E−01 7.477E+01 8.671E+01 1.597E −01

7.477E+01 8.671E+01 1.597E−01 1.609E+00

4.000E+01 1.600E +02

1.508E+00 6.630E−01 8.434E+01 9.930E+01 1.774E −01

8.434E+01 9.930E+01 1.774E−01 1.901E+00

5.000E+01 2.000E +02

1.562E+00 6.404E−01 9.269E+01 1.101E+02 1.883E −01

9.263E+01 1.100E+02 1.877E−01 2.161E+00

6.000E+01 2.400E +02

1.593E+00 6.278E−01 1.001E+02 1.196E+02 1.950E −01

9.947E+01 1.183E+02 1.892E−01 2.401E+00

7.000E+01 2.800E +02

1.610E+00 6.211E−01 1.068E+02 1.281E+02 1.989E −01

1.053E+02 1.249E+02 1.868E−01 2.624E+00

8.000E+01 3.200E +02

1.618E+00 6.182E−01 1.129E+02 1.356E+02 2.007E −01

1.103E+02 1.304E+02 1.830E−01 2.837E+00

9.000E+01 3.600E +02

1.618E+00 6.179E−01 1.185E+02 1.424E+02 2.011E −01

1.147E+02 1.352E+02 1.785E−01 3.040E+00

1.000E+02 4.000E +02

1.614E+00 6.195E−01 1.237E+02 1.485E+02 2.004E −01

1.186E+02 1.393E+02 1.738E−01 3.237E+00

1.500E+02 6.000E +02

1.569E+00 6.375E−01 1.445E+02 1.715E+02 1.871E −01

1.333E+02 1.533E+02 1.497E−01 4.157E+00

2.000E+02 8.000E +02

1.524E+00 6.563E−01 1.589E+02 1.853E+02 1.663E −01

1.420E+02 1.600E+02 1.266E−01 5.039E+00

3.000E+02 1.200E +03

1.420E+00 7.042E−01 1.747E+02 1.963E+02 1.236E −01

1.476E+02 1.610E+02 9.081E−02 6.874E+00

4.000E+02 1.600E +03

1.305E+00 7.662E−01 1.795E+02 1.962E+02 9.291E −02

1.434E+02 1.546E+02 7.795E−02 8.922E+00

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

4.000E+02 1.600E +03

1.305E+00 7.662E−01 1.795E+02 1.962E+02 9.291E −02

1.434E+02 1.546E+02 7.795E−02 8.922E+00

5.000E+02 2.000E +03

1.192E+00 8.387E−01 1.782E+02 1.916E+02 7.525E −02

1.345E+02 1.463E+02 8.748E−02 1.123E+01

6.000E+02 2.400E +03

1.088E+00 9.191E−01 1.737E+02 1.854E+02 6.732E −02

1.257E+02 1.386E+02 1.029E−01 1.383E+01

7.000E+02 2.800E +03

9.947E−01 1.005E+00 1.677E+02 1.787E+02 6.597E −02

1.176E+02 1.317E+02 1.201E−01 1.671E+01

8.000E+02 3.200E +03

9.122E−01 1.096E+00 1.611E+02 1.722E+02 6.899E −02

1.102E+02 1.255E+02 1.384E−01 1.989E+01

9.000E+02 3.600E +03

8.399E−01 1.191E+00 1.544E+02 1.659E+02 7.481E −02

1.036E+02 1.198E+02 1.569E−01 2.334E+01

1.000E+03 4.000E +03

7.766E−01 1.288E+00 1.479E+02 1.600E+02 8.236E −02

9.765E+01 1.148E+02 1.753E−01 2.708E+01

1.500E+03 6.000E +03

5.556E−01 1.800E+00 1.207E+02 1.363E+02 1.296E −01

7.573E+01 9.541E+01 2.598E−01 4.977E+01

2.000E+03 8.000E +03

4.289E−01 2.332E+00 1.018E+02 1.196E+02 1.746E −01

6.207E+01 8.248E+01 3.288E−01 7.863E+01

3.000E+03 1.200E +04

2.924E−01 3.420E+00 7.829E+01 9.770E+01 2.480E −01

4.608E+01 6.607E+01 4.338E−01 1.534E+02

4.000E+03 1.600E +04

2.207E−01 4.531E+00 6.411E+01 8.370E+01 3.055E −01

3.697E+01 5.587E+01 5.111E−01 2.498E+02

5.000E+03 2.000E 1.767E−01 5.658E+00 5.458E+01 7.382E+01 3.525E 3.104E+01 4.880E+01 5.719E−01 3.668E+02

6.000E+03 2.400E

+04 1.471E−01 6.797E+00 4.770E+01 6.640E+01 3.919E

−01 2.686E+01 4.355E+01 6.214E−01 5.037E+02

7.000E+03 2.800E +04

1.259E−01 7.944E+00 4.248E+01 6.057E+01 4.258E −01

2.374E+01 3.948E+01 6.630E−01 6.598E+02

8.000E+03 3.200E +04

1.099E−01 9.100E+00 3.838E+01 5.586E+01 4.557E −01

2.131E+01 3.621E+01 6.989E−01 8.348E+02

9.000E+03 3.600E +04

9.746E−02 1.026E+01 3.506E+01 5.196E+01 4.821E −01

1.937E+01 3.352E+01 7.301E−01 1.028E+03

1.000E+04 4.000E +04

8.750E−02 1.143E+01 3.230E+01 4.865E+01 5.061E −01

1.778E+01 3.126E+01 7.581E−01 1.240E+03

1.500E+04 6.000E +04

5.775E−02 1.732E+01 2.349E+01 3.754E+01 5.982E −01

1.275E+01 2.375E+01 8.622E−01 2.557E+03

2.000E+04 8.000E +04

4.301E−02 2.325E+01 1.868E+01 3.106E+01 6.629E −01

1.006E+01 1.944E+01 9.330E−01 4.288E+03

3.000E+04 1.200E +05

2.845E−02 3.515E+01 1.349E+01 2.362E+01 7.507E −01

7.197E+00 1.458E+01 1.027E+00 8.903E+03

4.000E+04 1.600E +05

2.128E−02 4.698E+01 1.071E+01 1.938E+01 8.087E −01

5.680E+00 1.185E+01 1.087E+00 1.495E+04

5.000E+04 2.000E +05

1.703E−02 5.872E+01 8.963E+00 1.659E+01 8.508E −01

4.731E+00 1.008E+01 1.130E+00 2.234E+04

6.000E+04 2.400E +05

1.422E−02 7.034E+01 7.753E+00 1.460E+01 8.828E −01

4.078E+00 8.820E+00 1.163E+00 3.099E+04

7.000E+04 2.800E +05

1.222E−02 8.182E+01 6.863E+00 1.309E+01 9.076E −01

3.600E+00 7.875E+00 1.187E+00 4.085E+04

8.000E+04 3.200E +05

1.073E−02 9.317E+01 6.179E+00 1.191E+01 9.276E −01

3.234E+00 7.137E+00 1.207E+00 5.185E+04

9.000E+04 3.600E +05

9.580E−03 1.044E+02 5.636E+00 1.096E+01 9.439E −01

2.945E+00 6.542E+00 1.222E+00 6.395E+04

1.000E+05 4.000E +05

8.660E−03 1.155E+02 5.193E+00 1.016E+01 9.572E −01

2.709E+00 6.051E+00 1.233E+00 7.712E+04

1.500E+05 6.000E +05

5.917E−03 1.690E+02 3.810E+00 7.610E+00 9.976E −01

1.980E+00 4.477E+00 1.261E+00 1.577E+05

2.000E+05 8.000E +05

4.553E−03 2.197E+02 3.077E+00 6.197E+00 1.014E +00

1.598E+00 3.612E+00 1.260E+00 2.603E+05

3.000E+05 1.200E +06

3.186E−03 3.139E+02 2.300E+00 4.644E+00 1.019E +00

1.202E+00 2.668E+00 1.220E+00 5.223E+05

4.000E+05 1.600E +06

2.498E−03 4.003E+02 1.887E+00 3.790E+00 1.009E +00

9.966E−01 2.152E+00 1.160E+00 8.488E+05

5.000E+05 2.000E +06

2.082E−03 4.804E+02 1.627E+00 3.242E+00 9.925E −01

8.709E−01 1.824E+00 1.094E+00 1.230E+06

6.000E+05 2.400E +06

1.801E−03 5.553E+02 1.447E+00 2.858E+00 9.743E −01

7.862E−01 1.595E+00 1.029E+00 1.660E+06

7.000E+05 2.800E +06

1.598E−03 6.257E+02 1.315E+00 2.571E+00 9.552E −01

7.253E−01 1.426E+00 9.655E−01 2.132E+06

8.000E+05 3.200E +06

1.445E−03 6.923E+02 1.212E+00 2.347E+00 9.362E −01

6.796E−01 1.296E+00 9.062E−01 2.642E+06

9.000E+05 3.600E +06

1.324E−03 7.554E+02 1.131E+00 2.168E+00 9.176E −01

6.442E−01 1.192E+00 8.510E−01 3.187E+06

1.000E+06 4.000E +06

1.226E−03 8.155E+02 1.064E+00 2.021E+00 8.995E −01

6.159E−01 1.109E+00 7.999E−01 3.763E+06

LITHIUM-5 IONS: A=5 Z=3 (a) Instantaneous Data

∆M=11.68500 MeV Mc2=4.6692E+03 MeV

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

1.000E−01 5.000E−01 2.142E−07 0.000E+00 1.029E−01 9.721E+00 4.935E+01 4.935E+01 1.513E−02 8.288E+01 1.500E−01 7.500E−01 3.213E−07 0.000E+00 1.406E−01 7.114E+00 5.136E+01 5.136E+01 2.007E−02 7.428E+01 2.000E−01 1.000E+00 4.283E−07 0.000E+00 1.820E−01 5.495E+00 5.268E+01 5.268E+01 2.485E−02 6.901E+01 3.000E−01 1.500E+00 6.425E−07 0.000E+00 2.455E−01 4.073E+00 5.387E+01 5.387E+01 3.421E−02 6.258E+01 4.000E−01 2.000E+00 8.567E−07 0.000E+00 3.143E−01 3.182E+00 5.471E+01 5.471E+01 4.340E−02 5.864E+01 5.000E−01 2.500E+00 1.071E−06 0.000E+00 3.736E−01 2.677E+00 5.533E+01 5.533E+01 5.248E−02 5.589E+01 6.000E−01 3.000E+00 1.285E−06 0.000E+00 4.178E−01 2.394E+00 5.579E+01 5.579E+01 6.146E−02 5.383E+01 7.000E−01 3.500E+00 1.499E−06 0.000E+00 4.817E−01 2.076E+00 5.650E+01 5.650E+01 7.035E−02 5.221E+01 8.000E−01 4.000E+00 1.713E−06 0.000E+00 5.274E−01 1.896E+00 5.706E+01 5.706E+01 7.914E−02 5.089E+01 9.000E−01 4.500E+00 1.928E−06 0.000E+00 5.736E−01 1.743E+00 5.767E+01 5.767E+01 8.784E−02 4.978E+01 1.000E+00 5.000E+00 2.142E−06 0.000E+00 6.205E−01 1.612E+00 5.834E+01 5.834E+01 9.645E−02 4.883E+01 1.500E+00 7.500E+00 3.213E−06 0.000E+00 8.045E−01 1.243E+00 6.146E+01 6.146E+01 1.380E−01 4.556E+01 2.000E+00 1.000E+01 4.283E−06 0.000E+00 9.913E−01 1.009E+00 6.539E+01 6.539E+01 1.772E−01 4.355E+01 3.000E+00 1.500E+01 6.425E−06 0.000E+00 1.252E+00 7.989E−01 7.201E+01 7.201E+01 2.494E−01 4.111E+01 4.000E+00 2.000E+01 8.567E−06 0.000E+00 1.501E+00 6.660E−01 7.957E+01 7.957E+01 3.148E−01 3.961E+01 5.000E+00 2.500E+01 1.071E−05 0.000E+00 1.694E+00 5.904E−01 8.624E+01 8.624E+01 3.748E−01 3.856E+01 6.000E+00 3.000E+01 1.285E−05 0.000E+00 1.823E+00 5.484E−01 9.124E+01 9.124E+01 4.305E−01 3.778E+01 7.000E+00 3.500E+01 1.499E−05 0.000E+00 1.993E+00 5.018E−01 9.848E+01 9.848E+01 4.827E−01 3.716E+01 8.000E+00 4.000E+01 1.713E−05 0.000E+00 2.101E+00 4.759E−01 1.036E+02 1.036E+02 5.319E−01 3.665E+01 9.000E+00 4.500E+01 1.928E−05 0.000E+00 2.201E+00 4.543E−01 1.088E+02 1.088E+02 5.787E−01 3.623E+01 1.000E+01 5.000E+01 2.142E−05 0.000E+00 2.293E+00 4.362E−01 1.141E+02 1.141E+02 6.232E−01 3.587E+01 1.500E+01 7.500E+01 3.212E−05 0.000E+00 2.567E+00 3.896E−01 1.344E+02 1.344E+02 8.219E−01 3.463E+01 2.000E+01 1.000E+02 4.283E−05 0.000E+00 2.728E+00 3.666E−01 1.547E+02 1.547E+02 9.928E−01 3.386E+01 3.000E+01 1.500E+02 6.425E−05 0.000E+00 2.803E+00 3.568E−01 1.823E+02 1.823E+02 1.286E+00 3.293E+01 4.000E+01 2.000E+02 8.566E−05 0.000E+00 2.754E+00 3.631E−01 2.083E+02 2.083E+02 1.539E+00 3.236E+01 5.000E+01 2.500E+02 1.071E−04 0.000E+00 2.656E+00 3.765E−01 2.280E+02 2.236E+02 1.767E+00 3.196E+01 6.000E+01 3.000E+02 1.285E−04 0.000E+00 2.565E+00 3.898E−01 2.413E+02 2.287E+02 1.978E+00 3.166E+01 7.000E+01 3.500E+02 1.499E−04 0.000E+00 2.422E+00 4.130E−01 2.586E+02 2.355E+02 2.176E+00 3.143E+01 8.000E+01 4.000E+02 1.713E−04 0.000E+00 2.315E+00 4.321E−01 2.695E+02 2.397E+02 2.365E+00 3.123E+01 9.000E+01 4.500E+02 1.927E−04 0.000E+00 2.206E+00 4.533E−01 2.796E+02 2.433E+02 2.546E+00 3.107E+01 1.000E+02 5.000E+02 2.141E−04 0.000E+00 2.097E+00 4.769E−01 2.886E+02 2.464E+02 2.721E+00 3.094E+01 1.500E+02 7.500E+02 3.212E−04 0.000E+00 1.904E+00 5.252E−01 3.141E+02 2.513E+02 3.543E+00 3.046E+01 2.000E+02 1.000E+03 4.282E−04 0.000E+00 1.783E+00 5.609E−01 3.235E+02 2.435E+02 4.321E+00 3.017E+01 3.000E+02 1.500E+03 6.422E−04 9.433E+03 1.609E+00 6.215E−01 3.262E+02 2.256E+02 5.857E+00 2.982E+01 4.000E+02 2.000E+03 8.561E−04 8.014E+03 1.442E+00 6.936E−01 3.203E+02 2.025E+02 7.402E+00 2.960E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

4.000E+02 2.000E+03 8.561E−04 8.014E+03 1.442E+00 6.936E−01 3.203E+02 2.025E+02 7.402E+00 2.960E+01 5.000E+02 2.500E+03 1.070E−03 7.042E+03 1.304E+00 7.669E−01 3.090E+02 1.788E+02 8.988E+00 2.945E+01 6.000E+02 3.000E+03 1.284E−03 6.406E+03 1.205E+00 8.300E−01 2.977E+02 1.700E+02 1.065E+01 2.933E+01 7.000E+02 3.500E+03 1.498E−03 5.831E+03 1.110E+00 9.009E−01 2.847E+02 1.614E+02 1.240E+01 2.924E+01 8.000E+02 4.000E+03 1.711E−03 5.066E+03 9.774E−01 1.023E+00 2.635E+02 1.481E+02 1.424E+01 2.917E+01 9.000E+02 4.500E+03 1.925E−03 4.591E+03 8.922E−01 1.121E+00 2.482E+02 1.388E+02 1.621E+01 2.911E+01 1.000E+03 5.000E+03 2.138E−03 4.161E+03 8.134E−01 1.229E+00 2.330E+02 1.297E+02 1.830E+01 2.906E+01

2.888E+01 2.000E+03 1.000E+04 4.270E−03 2.117E+03 4.220E−01 2.370E+00 1.444E+02 7.847E+01 4.646E+01 2.877E+01 3.000E+03 1.500E+04 6.394E−03 1.456E+03 2.904E−01 3.443E+00 1.088E+02 5.861E+01 8.749E+01 2.863E+01 4.000E+03 2.000E+04 8.512E−03 1.062E+03 2.112E−01 4.735E+00 8.512E+01 4.561E+01 1.406E+02 2.855E+01 5.000E+03 2.500E+04 1.062E−02 8.477E+02 1.679E−01 5.958E+00 7.117E+01 3.803E+01 2.052E+02 2.849E+01 6.000E+03 3.000E+04 1.273E−02 7.314E+02 1.443E−01 6.930E+00 6.320E+01 3.373E+01 2.811E+02 2.845E+01 7.000E+03 3.500E+04 1.483E−02 6.400E+02 1.258E−01 7.949E+00 5.671E+01 3.025E+01 3.677E+02 2.841E+01 8.000E+03 4.000E+04 1.692E−02 5.344E+02 1.045E−01 9.574E+00 4.892E+01 2.608E+01 4.651E+02 2.839E+01 9.000E+03 4.500E+04 1.900E−02 4.763E+02 9.271E−02 1.079E+01 4.447E+01 2.371E+01 5.729E+02 2.836E+01 1.000E+04 5.000E+04 2.108E−02 4.272E+02 8.280E−02 1.208E+01 4.061E+01 2.167E+01 6.911E+02 2.834E+01 1.500E+04 7.500E+04 3.137E−02 2.955E+02 5.628E−02 1.777E+01 2.971E+01 1.591E+01 1.431E+03 2.827E+01 2.000E+04 1.000E+05 4.150E−02 2.170E+02 4.060E−02 2.463E+01 2.274E+01 1.226E+01 2.413E+03 2.823E+01 3.000E+04 1.500E+05 6.128E−02 1.511E+02 2.753E−02 3.632E+01 1.650E+01 9.005E+00 5.072E+03 2.818E+01 4.000E+04 2.000E+05 8.046E−02 1.119E+02 1.983E−02 5.044E+01 1.254E+01 6.956E+00 8.624E+03 2.815E+01 5.000E+04 2.500E+05 9.906E−02 9.555E+01 1.713E−02 5.838E+01 1.114E+01 6.069E+00 1.293E+04 2.813E+01 6.000E+04 3.000E+05 1.171E−01 7.899E+01 1.409E−02 7.098E+01 9.479E+00 5.147E+00 1.798E+04 2.811E+01 7.000E+04 3.500E+05 1.346E−01 6.990E+01 1.244E−02 8.041E+01 8.549E+00 4.628E+00 2.371E+04 2.810E+01 8.000E+04 4.000E+05 1.516E−01 5.940E+01 1.054E−02 9.484E+01 7.458E+00 4.018E+00 3.011E+04 2.809E+01 9.000E+04 4.500E+05 1.681E−01 5.363E+01 9.509E−03 1.052E+02 6.849E+00 3.675E+00 3.712E+04 2.808E+01 1.000E+05 5.000E+05 1.841E−01 5.123E+01 9.081E−03 1.101E+02 6.593E+00 3.532E+00 4.472E+04 2.807E+01 1.500E+05 7.500E+05 2.576E−01 3.567E+01 6.315E−03 1.584E+02 4.893E+00 2.575E+00 9.064E+04 2.804E+01 2.000E+05 1.000E+06 3.217E−01 2.914E+01 5.158E−03 1.939E+02 4.152E+00 2.160E+00 1.479E+05 2.803E+01 3.000E+05 1.500E+06 4.272E−01 2.143E+01 3.787E−03 2.641E+02 3.244E+00 1.656E+00 2.891E+05 2.801E+01 4.000E+05 2.000E+06 5.098E−01 1.822E+01 3.211E−03 3.115E+02 2.853E+00 1.443E+00 4.577E+05 2.800E+01 5.000E+05 2.500E+06 5.758E−01 1.605E+01 2.815E−03 3.553E+02 2.582E+00 1.298E+00 6.467E+05 2.799E+01 6.000E+05 3.000E+06 6.293E−01 1.448E+01 2.524E−03 3.962E+02 2.385E+00 1.195E+00 8.516E+05 2.798E+01 7.000E+05 3.500E+06 6.733E−01 1.363E+01 2.365E−03 4.229E+02 2.277E+00 1.139E+00 1.069E+06 2.798E+01 8.000E+05 4.000E+06 7.099E−01 1.295E+01 2.235E−03 4.475E+02 2.190E+00 1.096E+00 1.297E+06 2.797E+01 9.000E+05 4.500E+06 7.407E−01 1.239E+01 2.127E−03 4.702E+02 2.119E+00 1.062E+00 1.532E+06 2.797E+01 1.000E+06 5.000E+06 7.668E−01 1.193E+01 2.036E−03 4.912E+02 2.060E+00 1.034E+00 1.775E+06 2.797E+01

(b) Equilibrium Values

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

1.000E−01 5.000E−01 5.547E−02 1.803E+01 4.209E+01 4.307E+01 2.344E−02 4.209E+01 4.307E+01 2.344E−02 1.513E−02 1.500E−01 7.500E−01 7.696E−02 1.299E+01 4.471E+01 4.570E+01 2.224E−02 4.471E+01 4.570E+01 2.224E−02 2.007E−02 2.000E−01 1.000E+00 9.730E−02 1.028E+01 4.643E+01 4.738E+01 2.052E−02 4.643E+01 4.738E+01 2.052E−02 2.485E−02 3.000E−01 1.500E+00 1.354E−01 7.386E+00 4.860E+01 4.945E+01 1.740E−02 4.860E+01 4.945E+01 1.740E−02 3.421E−02 4.000E−01 2.000E+00 1.708E−01 5.855E+00 4.995E+01 5.070E+01 1.505E−02 4.995E+01 5.070E+01 1.505E−02 4.340E−02 5.000E−01 2.500E+00 2.041E−01 4.900E+00 5.091E+01 5.159E+01 1.332E−02 5.091E+01 5.159E+01 1.332E−02 5.248E−02 6.000E−01 3.000E+00 2.356E−01 4.245E+00 5.165E+01 5.227E+01 1.203E−02 5.165E+01 5.227E+01 1.203E−02 6.146E−02 7.000E−01 3.500E+00 2.656E−01 3.766E+00 5.227E+01 5.285E+01 1.107E−02 5.227E+01 5.285E+01 1.107E−02 7.035E−02 8.000E−01 4.000E+00 2.942E−01 3.399E+00 5.280E+01 5.335E+01 1.036E−02 5.280E+01 5.335E+01 1.036E−02 7.914E−02 9.000E−01 4.500E+00 3.216E−01 3.109E+00 5.329E+01 5.381E+01 9.826E−03 5.329E+01 5.381E+01 9.826E−03 8.784E−02 1.000E+00 5.000E+00 3.479E−01 2.874E+00 5.373E+01 5.424E+01 9.442E−03 5.373E+01 5.424E+01 9.442E−03 9.645E−02 1.500E+00 7.500E+00 4.664E−01 2.144E+00 5.572E+01 5.622E+01 8.979E−03 5.572E+01 5.622E+01 8.979E−03 1.380E−01 2.000E+00 1.000E+01 5.682E−01 1.760E+00 5.754E+01 5.811E+01 9.990E−03 5.754E+01 5.811E+01 9.990E−03 1.772E−01 3.000E+00 1.500E+01 7.383E−01 1.354E+00 6.098E+01 6.185E+01 1.425E−02 6.098E+01 6.185E+01 1.425E−02 2.494E−01 4.000E+00 2.000E+01 8.779E−01 1.139E+00 6.423E+01 6.551E+01 1.996E−02 6.423E+01 6.551E+01 1.996E−02 3.148E−01 5.000E+00 2.500E+01 9.965E−01 1.004E+00 6.732E+01 6.908E+01 2.620E−02 6.732E+01 6.908E+01 2.620E−02 3.748E−01

7.000E+00 3.500E+01 1.190E+00 8.402E−01 7.303E+01 7.585E+01 3.872E−02 7.303E+01 7.585E+01 3.872E−02 4.827E−01 8.000E+00 4.000E+01 1.271E+00 7.867E−01 7.568E+01 7.907E+01 4.470E−02 7.568E+01 7.907E+01 4.470E−02 5.319E−01 9.000E+00 4.500E+01 1.344E+00 7.441E−01 7.823E+01 8.217E+01 5.036E−02 7.823E+01 8.217E+01 5.036E−02 5.787E−01 1.000E+01 5.000E+01 1.410E+00 7.093E−01 8.066E+01 8.516E+01 5.574E−02 8.066E+01 8.516E+01 5.574E−02 6.232E−01 1.500E+01 7.500E+01 1.665E+00 6.007E−01 9.163E+01 9.882E+01 7.847E−02 9.163E+01 9.882E+01 7.847E−02 8.219E−01 2.000E+01 1.000E+02 1.839E+00 5.439E−01 1.011E+02 1.107E+02 9.549E−02 1.011E+02 1.107E+02 9.549E−02 9.928E−01 3.000E+01 1.500E+02 2.054E+00 4.868E−01 1.170E+02 1.309E+02 1.186E−01 1.170E+02 1.309E+02 1.186E−01 1.286E+00 4.000E+01 2.000E+02 2.174E+00 4.599E−01 1.303E+02 1.476E+02 1.330E−01 1.303E+02 1.476E+02 1.330E−01 1.539E+00 5.000E+01 2.500E+02 2.243E+00 4.458E−01 1.418E+02 1.619E+02 1.422E−01 1.417E+02 1.617E+02 1.415E−01 1.767E+00 6.000E+01 3.000E+02 2.281E+00 4.385E−01 1.520E+02 1.745E+02 1.482E−01 1.508E+02 1.722E+02 1.422E−01 1.978E+00 7.000E+01 3.500E+02 2.299E+00 4.350E−01 1.611E+02 1.856E+02 1.519E−01 1.583E+02 1.804E+02 1.396E−01 2.176E+00 8.000E+01 4.000E+02 2.304E+00 4.341E−01 1.694E+02 1.955E+02 1.540E−01 1.647E+02 1.870E+02 1.359E−01 2.365E+00 9.000E+01 4.500E+02 2.300E+00 4.348E−01 1.770E+02 2.044E+02 1.549E−01 1.702E+02 1.926E+02 1.318E−01 2.546E+00 1.000E+02 5.000E+02 2.290E+00 4.367E−01 1.839E+02 2.125E+02 1.550E−01 1.750E+02 1.974E+02 1.277E−01 2.721E+00 1.500E+02 7.500E+02 2.211E+00 4.523E−01 2.119E+02 2.432E+02 1.475E−01 1.924E+02 2.133E+02 1.082E−01 3.543E+00 2.000E+02 1.000E+03 2.144E+00 4.664E−01 2.316E+02 2.627E+02 1.341E−01 2.025E+02 2.210E+02 9.133E−02 4.321E+00 3.000E+02 1.500E+03 2.022E+00 4.945E−01 2.563E+02 2.836E+02 1.068E−01 2.106E+02 2.246E+02 6.662E−02 5.857E+00 4.000E+02 2.000E+03 1.916E+00 5.220E−01 2.703E+02 2.936E+02 8.623E−02 2.110E+02 2.222E+02 5.265E−02 7.402E+00

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

4.000E+02 2.000E+03 1.916E+00 5.220E−01 2.703E+02 2.936E+02 8.623E−02 2.110E+02 2.222E+02 5.265E−02 7.402E+00 5.000E+02 2.500E+03 1.819E+00 5.497E−01 2.782E+02 2.979E+02 7.080E−02 2.074E+02 2.170E+02 4.651E−02 8.988E+00 6.000E+02 3.000E+03 1.729E+00 5.785E−01 2.819E+02 2.985E+02 5.914E−02 2.020E+02 2.111E+02 4.526E−02 1.065E+01 7.000E+02 3.500E+03 1.643E+00 6.085E−01 2.825E+02 2.968E+02 5.062E−02 1.964E+02 2.055E+02 4.597E−02 1.240E+01 8.000E+02 4.000E+03 1.562E+00 6.400E−01 2.810E+02 2.936E+02 4.476E−02 1.907E+02 2.000E+02 4.845E−02 1.424E+01 9.000E+02 4.500E+03 1.485E+00 6.732E−01 2.778E+02 2.892E+02 4.119E−02 1.849E+02 1.946E+02 5.247E−02 1.621E+01 1.000E+03 5.000E+03 1.413E+00 7.079E−01 2.735E+02 2.843E+02 3.961E−02 1.791E+02 1.894E+02 5.783E−02 1.830E+01 1.500E+03 7.500E+03 1.110E+00 9.008E−01 2.444E+02 2.571E+02 5.201E−02 1.516E+02 1.664E+02 9.767E−02 3.071E+01 2.000E+03 1.000E+04 8.967E−01 1.115E+00 2.154E+02 2.327E+02 7.997E−02 1.296E+02 1.484E+02 1.449E−01 4.646E+01 3.000E+03 1.500E+04 6.348E−01 1.575E+00 1.716E+02 1.961E+02 1.425E−01 9.977E+01 1.230E+02 2.330E−01 8.749E+01 4.000E+03 2.000E+04 4.861E−01 2.057E+00 1.424E+02 1.707E+02 1.987E−01 8.121E+01 1.060E+02 3.054E−01 1.406E+02 5.000E+03 2.500E+04 3.919E−01 2.552E+00 1.219E+02 1.521E+02 2.471E−01 6.868E+01 9.375E+01 3.651E−01 2.052E+02 6.000E+03 3.000E+04 3.273E−01 3.055E+00 1.069E+02 1.377E+02 2.891E−01 5.966E+01 8.444E+01 4.153E−01 2.811E+02 7.000E+03 3.500E+04 2.805E−01 3.565E+00 9.528E+01 1.263E+02 3.257E−01 5.286E+01 7.707E+01 4.580E−01 3.677E+02 8.000E+03 4.000E+04 2.451E−01 4.080E+00 8.610E+01 1.170E+02 3.583E−01 4.754E+01 7.108E+01 4.952E−01 4.651E+02 9.000E+03 4.500E+04 2.174E−01 4.600E+00 7.864E+01 1.091E+02 3.875E−01 4.325E+01 6.609E+01 5.280E−01 5.729E+02 1.000E+04 5.000E+04 1.952E−01 5.124E+00 7.245E+01 1.024E+02 4.140E−01 3.972E+01 6.186E+01 5.572E−01 6.911E+02 1.500E+04 7.500E+04 1.284E−01 7.789E+00 5.246E+01 7.967E+01 5.187E−01 2.852E+01 4.756E+01 6.676E−01 1.431E+03 2.000E+04 1.000E+05 9.515E−02 1.051E+01 4.149E+01 6.614E+01 5.942E−01 2.249E+01 3.918E+01 7.419E−01 2.413E+03 3.000E+04 1.500E+05 6.223E−02 1.607E+01 2.961E+01 5.043E+01 7.030E−01 1.606E+01 2.955E+01 8.400E−01 5.072E+03 4.000E+04 2.000E+05 4.600E−02 2.174E+01 2.322E+01 4.136E+01 7.809E−01 1.264E+01 2.405E+01 9.019E−01 8.624E+03 5.000E+04 2.500E+05 3.668E−02 2.726E+01 1.936E+01 3.542E+01 8.295E−01 1.054E+01 2.050E+01 9.453E−01 1.293E+04 6.000E+04 3.000E+05 3.056E−02 3.272E+01 1.671E+01 3.117E+01 8.655E−01 9.095E+00 1.799E+01 9.781E−01 1.798E+04 7.000E+04 3.500E+05 2.625E−02 3.809E+01 1.478E+01 2.797E+01 8.925E−01 8.038E+00 1.610E+01 1.004E+00 2.371E+04 8.000E+04 4.000E+05 2.305E−02 4.338E+01 1.330E+01 2.545E+01 9.131E−01 7.229E+00 1.463E+01 1.024E+00 3.011E+04 9.000E+04 4.500E+05 2.059E−02 4.857E+01 1.214E+01 2.342E+01 9.291E−01 6.588E+00 1.344E+01 1.040E+00 3.712E+04 1.000E+05 5.000E+05 1.863E−02 5.368E+01 1.119E+01 2.173E+01 9.414E−01 6.068E+00 1.246E+01 1.054E+00 4.472E+04 1.500E+05 7.500E+05 1.284E−02 7.787E+01 8.284E+00 1.632E+01 9.698E−01 4.457E+00 9.326E+00 1.092E+00 9.064E+04 2.000E+05 1.000E+06 9.998E−03 1.000E+02 6.768E+00 1.333E+01 9.699E−01 3.615E+00 7.606E+00 1.104E+00 1.479E+05

4.000E+05 2.000E+06 5.783E−03 1.729E+02 4.374E+00 8.300E+00 8.977E−01 2.285E+00 4.705E+00 1.059E+00 4.577E+05 5.000E+05 2.500E+06 4.942E−03 2.023E+02 3.869E+00 7.170E+00 8.533E−01 2.006E+00 4.051E+00 1.019E+00 6.467E+05 6.000E+05 3.000E+06 4.381E−03 2.283E+02 3.525E+00 6.382E+00 8.103E−01 1.818E+00 3.593E+00 9.762E−01 8.516E+05 7.000E+05 3.500E+06 3.977E−03 2.514E+02 3.276E+00 5.799E+00 7.703E−01 1.682E+00 3.253E+00 9.337E−01 1.069E+06 8.000E+05 4.000E+06 3.674E−03 2.722E+02 3.087E+00 5.349E+00 7.329E−01 1.580E+00 2.990E+00 8.921E−01 1.297E+06 9.000E+05 4.500E+06 3.436E−03 2.910E+02 2.938E+00 4.991E+00 6.985E−01 1.501E+00 2.780E+00 8.525E−01 1.532E+06 1.000E+06 5.000E+06 3.245E−03 3.082E+02 2.818E+00 4.698E+00 6.668E−01 1.437E+00 2.608E+00 8.151E−01 1.775E+06

LITHIUM-6 IONS: A=6 Z=3 (a) Instantaneous Data

∆M=14.08740 MeV Mc2=5.6031E+03 MeV

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

1.000E−01 6.000E−01 2.142E−07 0.000E+00 1.000E−01 9.997E+00 5.278E+01 5.278E+01 1.625E−02 8.288E+01 1.500E−01 9.000E−01 3.213E−07 0.000E+00 1.434E−01 6.973E+00 5.494E+01 5.494E+01 2.179E−02 7.428E+01 2.000E−01 1.200E+00 4.283E−07 0.000E+00 1.771E−01 5.645E+00 5.585E+01 5.585E+01 2.719E−02 6.901E+01 3.000E−01 1.800E+00 6.425E−07 0.000E+00 2.503E−01 3.995E+00 5.686E+01 5.686E+01 3.780E−02 6.258E+01 4.000E−01 2.400E+00 8.567E−07 0.000E+00 3.063E−01 3.265E+00 5.728E+01 5.728E+01 4.830E−02 5.864E+01 5.000E−01 3.000E+00 1.071E−06 0.000E+00 3.643E−01 2.745E+00 5.764E+01 5.764E+01 5.873E−02 5.589E+01 6.000E−01 3.600E+00 1.285E−06 0.000E+00 4.254E−01 2.350E+00 5.805E+01 5.805E+01 6.909E−02 5.383E+01 7.000E−01 4.200E+00 1.499E−06 0.000E+00 4.700E−01 2.127E+00 5.839E+01 5.839E+01 7.938E−02 5.221E+01 8.000E−01 4.800E+00 1.713E−06 0.000E+00 5.148E−01 1.942E+00 5.879E+01 5.879E+01 8.959E−02 5.089E+01 9.000E−01 5.400E+00 1.928E−06 0.000E+00 5.600E−01 1.786E+00 5.924E+01 5.924E+01 9.972E−02 4.978E+01 1.000E+00 6.000E+00 2.142E−06 0.000E+00 6.060E−01 1.650E+00 5.976E+01 5.976E+01 1.098E−01 4.883E+01 1.500E+00 9.000E+00 3.213E−06 0.000E+00 8.178E−01 1.223E+00 6.293E+01 6.293E+01 1.585E−01 4.556E+01 2.000E+00 1.200E+01 4.283E−06 0.000E+00 9.703E−01 1.031E+00 6.591E+01 6.591E+01 2.048E−01 4.355E+01 3.000E+00 1.800E+01 6.425E−06 0.000E+00 1.270E+00 7.874E−01 7.322E+01 7.322E+01 2.904E−01 4.111E+01 4.000E+00 2.400E+01 8.567E−06 0.000E+00 1.474E+00 6.784E−01 7.924E+01 7.924E+01 3.682E−01 3.961E+01 5.000E+00 3.000E+01 1.071E−05 0.000E+00 1.665E+00 6.006E−01 8.565E+01 8.565E+01 4.398E−01 3.856E+01 6.000E+00 3.600E+01 1.285E−05 0.000E+00 1.845E+00 5.420E−01 9.249E+01 9.249E+01 5.064E−01 3.778E+01 7.000E+00 4.200E+01 1.499E−05 0.000E+00 1.964E+00 5.093E−01 9.750E+01 9.750E+01 5.688E−01 3.716E+01 8.000E+00 4.800E+01 1.713E−05 0.000E+00 2.073E+00 4.825E−01 1.025E+02 1.025E+02 6.277E−01 3.665E+01 9.000E+00 5.400E+01 1.927E−05 0.000E+00 2.173E+00 4.602E−01 1.076E+02 1.076E+02 6.836E−01 3.623E+01 1.000E+01 6.000E+01 2.142E−05 0.000E+00 2.265E+00 4.415E−01 1.127E+02 1.127E+02 7.370E−01 3.587E+01 1.500E+01 9.000E+01 3.212E−05 0.000E+00 2.582E+00 3.874E−01 1.360E+02 1.360E+02 9.750E−01 3.463E+01 2.000E+01 1.200E+02 4.283E−05 0.000E+00 2.715E+00 3.684E−01 1.525E+02 1.525E+02 1.180E+00 3.386E+01 3.000E+01 1.800E+02 6.425E−05 0.000E+00 2.803E+00 3.568E−01 1.843E+02 1.843E+02 1.531E+00 3.293E+01 4.000E+01 2.400E+02 8.566E−05 0.000E+00 2.764E+00 3.618E−01 2.055E+02 2.055E+02 1.835E+00 3.236E+01 5.000E+01 3.000E+02 1.071E−04 0.000E+00 2.673E+00 3.741E−01 2.251E+02 2.225E+02 2.106E+00 3.196E+01 6.000E+01 3.600E+02 1.285E−04 0.000E+00 2.549E+00 3.923E−01 2.435E+02 2.296E+02 2.361E+00 3.166E+01 7.000E+01 4.200E+02 1.499E−04 0.000E+00 2.448E+00 4.084E−01 2.556E+02 2.344E+02 2.599E+00 3.143E+01 8.000E+01 4.800E+02 1.713E−04 0.000E+00 2.344E+00 4.266E−01 2.667E+02 2.386E+02 2.826E+00 3.123E+01 9.000E+01 5.400E+02 1.927E−04 0.000E+00 2.238E+00 4.469E−01 2.768E+02 2.423E+02 3.043E+00 3.107E+01 1.000E+02 6.000E+02 2.141E−04 0.000E+00 2.130E+00 4.694E−01 2.860E+02 2.455E+02 3.254E+00 3.094E+01 1.500E+02 9.000E+02 3.212E−04 0.000E+00 1.897E+00 5.271E-01 3.153E+02 2.512E+02 4.239E+00 3.046E+01 2.000E+02 1.200E+03 4.282E−04 0.000E+00 1.800E+00 5.557E−01 3.233E+02 2.451E+02 5.170E+00 3.017E+01 3.000E+02 1.800E+03 6.422E−04 9.319E+03 1.597E+00 6.261E−01 3.261E+02 2.242E+02 7.016E+00 2.982E+01 4.000E+02 2.400E+03 8.561E−04 8.159E+03 1.461E+00 6.846E−01 3.215E+02 2.054E+02 8.871E+00 2.960E+01

E/A

keV/A E

keV ß2 z2/ß2 I

nm−1 mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

4.000E+02 2.400E+03 8.561E−04 8.159E+03 1.461E+00 6.846E−01 3.215E+02 2.054E+02 8.871E+00 2.960E+01 5.000E+02 3.000E+03 1.070E−03 7.184E+03 1.325E+00 7.546E−01 3.111E+02 1.827E+02 1.078E+01 2.945E+01 6.000E+02 3.600E+03 1.284E−03 6.302E+03 1.188E+00 8.417E−01 2.955E+02 1.685E+02 1.277E+01 2.933E+01 7.000E+02 4.200E+03 1.497E−03 5.728E+03 1.093E+00 9.153E−01 2.821E+02 1.597E+02 1.486E+01 2.924E+01 8.000E+02 4.800E+03 1.711E−03 5.204E+03 1.002E+00 9.982E−01 2.676E+02 1.506E+02 1.708E+01 2.917E+01 9.000E+02 5.400E+03 1.925E−03 4.725E+03 9.165E−01 1.091E+00 2.527E+02 1.415E+02 1.944E+01 2.911E+01 1.000E+03 6.000E+03 2.138E−03 4.289E+03 8.370E−01 1.195E+00 2.377E+02 1.324E+02 2.194E+01 2.906E+01 1.500E+03 9.000E+03 3.205E−03 2.833E+03 5.618E−01 1.780E+00 1.786E+02 9.795E+01 3.684E+01 2.888E+01 2.000E+03 1.200E+04 4.270E−03 2.189E+03 4.361E−01 2.293E+00 1.480E+02 8.051E+01 5.574E+01 2.877E+01 3.000E+03 1.800E+04 6.394E−03 1.421E+03 2.834E−01 3.528E+00 1.068E+02 5.750E+01 1.050E+02 2.863E+01 4.000E+03 2.400E+04 8.512E−03 1.098E+03 2.184E−01 4.578E+00 8.737E+01 4.684E+01 1.687E+02 2.855E+01 5.000E+03 3.000E+04 1.062E−02 8.763E+02 1.736E−01 5.759E+00 7.308E+01 3.907E+01 2.463E+02 2.849E+01 6.000E+03 3.600E+04 1.273E−02 7.139E+02 1.408E−01 7.104E+00 6.198E+01 3.308E+01 3.373E+02 2.845E+01 7.000E+03 4.200E+04 1.482E−02 6.247E+02 1.227E−01 8.149E+00 5.561E+01 2.966E+01 4.413E+02 2.841E+01 8.000E+03 4.800E+04 1.692E−02 5.524E+02 1.081E−01 9.252E+00 5.027E+01 2.680E+01 5.581E+02 2.839E+01 9.000E+03 5.400E+04 1.900E−02 4.923E+02 9.593E−02 1.042E+01 4.571E+01 2.437E+01 6.874E+02 2.836E+01 1.000E+04 6.000E+04 2.108E−02 4.415E+02 8.568E−02 1.167E+01 4.175E+01 2.227E+01 8.291E+02 2.834E+01 1.500E+04 9.000E+04 3.137E−02 2.885E+02 5.489E−02 1.822E+01 2.911E+01 1.560E+01 1.718E+03 2.827E+01 2.000E+04 1.200E+05 4.150E−02 2.242E+02 4.202E−02 2.380E+01 2.340E+01 1.260E+01 2.896E+03 2.823E+01 3.000E+04 1.800E+05 6.128E−02 1.477E+02 2.685E−02 3.725E+01 1.615E+01 8.828E+00 6.086E+03 2.818E+01 4.000E+04 2.400E+05 8.046E−02 1.155E+02 2.053E−02 4.872E+01 1.291E+01 7.147E+00 1.035E+04 2.815E+01 5.000E+04 3.000E+05 9.906E−02 9.342E+01 1.674E−02 5.975E+01 1.093E+01 5.952E+00 1.552E+04 2.813E+01 6.000E+04 3.600E+05 1.171E−01 7.726E+01 1.377E−02 7.261E+01 9.302E+00 5.049E+00 2.157E+04 2.811E+01 7.000E+04 4.200E+05 1.346E−01 6.838E+01 1.216E−02 8.222E+01 8.393E+00 4.541E+00 2.846E+04 2.810E+01 8.000E+04 4.800E+05 1.516E−01 6.119E+01 1.086E−02 9.204E+01 7.645E+00 4.122E+00 3.613E+04 2.809E+01 9.000E+04 5.400E+05 1.681E−01 5.521E+01 9.793E−03 1.021E+02 7.017E+00 3.770E+00 4.454E+04 2.808E+01 1.000E+05 6.000E+05 1.841E−01 5.017E+01 8.891E−03 1.125E+02 6.479E+00 3.468E+00 5.366E+04 2.807E+01 1.500E+05 9.000E+05 2.576E−01 3.498E+01 6.193E−03 1.615E+02 4.816E+00 2.532E+00 1.088E+05 2.804E+01 2.000E+05 1.200E+06 3.217E−01 2.861E+01 5.064E−03 1.975E+02 4.090E+00 2.126E+00 1.775E+05 2.803E+01 3.000E+05 1.800E+06 4.272E−01 2.109E+01 3.726E−03 2.684E+02 3.203E+00 1.634E+00 3.470E+05 2.801E+01 4.000E+05 2.400E+06 5.098E−01 1.796E+01 3.164E−03 3.161E+02 2.821E+00 1.426E+00 5.492E+05 2.800E+01 5.000E+05 3.000E+06 5.758E−01 1.584E+01 2.777E−03 3.601E+02 2.557E+00 1.285E+00 7.760E+05 2.799E+01 6.000E+05 3.600E+06 6.293E−01 1.431E+01 2.494E−03 4.010E+02 2.364E+00 1.184E+00 1.022E+06 2.798E+01 7.000E+05 4.200E+06 6.733E−01 1.349E+01 2.338E−03 4.277E+02 2.259E+00 1.130E+00 1.283E+06 2.798E+01 8.000E+05 4.800E+06 7.099E−01 1.282E+01 2.211E−03 4.522E+02 2.175E+00 1.089E+00 1.556E+06 2.797E+01 9.000E+05 5.400E+06 7.407E−01 1.228E+01 2.106E−03 4.748E+02 2.106E+00 1.055E+00 1.839E+06 2.797E+01 1.000E+06 6.000E+06 7.668E−01 1.183E+01 2.017E−03 4.958E+02 2.048E+00 1.029E+00 2.130E+06 2.797E+01

(b) Equilibrium Values

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

1.000E−01 6.000E−01 5.479E−02 1.825E+01 4.526E+01 4.638E+01 2.473E−02 4.526E+01 4.638E+01 2.473E−02 1.625E−02 1.500E−01 9.000E−01 7.641E−02 1.309E+01 4.798E+01 4.907E+01 2.267E−02 4.798E+01 4.907E+01 2.267E−02 2.179E−02 2.000E−01 1.200E+00 9.690E−02 1.032E+01 4.972E+01 5.074E+01 2.039E−02 4.972E+01 5.074E+01 2.039E−02 2.719E−02 3.000E−01 1.800E+00 1.353E−01 7.390E+00 5.184E+01 5.270E+01 1.662E−02 5.184E+01 5.270E+01 1.662E−02 3.780E−02 4.000E−01 2.400E+00 1.711E−01 5.845E+00 5.309E+01 5.383E+01 1.392E−02 5.309E+01 5.383E+01 1.392E−02 4.830E−02 5.000E−01 3.000E+00 2.047E−01 4.885E+00 5.393E+01 5.458E+01 1.199E−02 5.393E+01 5.458E+01 1.199E−02 5.873E−02 6.000E−01 3.600E+00 2.366E−01 4.227E+00 5.456E+01 5.514E+01 1.057E−02 5.456E+01 5.514E+01 1.057E−02 6.909E−02 7.000E−01 4.200E+00 2.668E−01 3.748E+00 5.507E+01 5.560E+01 9.506E−03 5.507E+01 5.560E+01 9.506E−03 7.938E−02

9.000E−01 5.400E+00 3.235E−01 3.092E+00 5.590E+01 5.635E+01 8.094E−03 5.590E+01 5.635E+01 8.094E−03 9.972E−02 1.000E+00 6.000E+00 3.501E−01 2.857E+00 5.626E+01 5.669E+01 7.634E−03 5.626E+01 5.669E+01 7.634E−03 1.098E−01 1.500E+00 9.000E+00 4.698E−01 2.129E+00 5.792E+01 5.831E+01 6.783E−03 5.792E+01 5.831E+01 6.783E−03 1.585E−01 2.000E+00 1.200E+01 5.725E−01 1.747E+00 5.951E+01 5.995E+01 7.385E−03 5.951E+01 5.995E+01 7.385E−03 2.048E−01 3.000E+00 1.800E+01 7.439E−01 1.344E+00 6.266E+01 6.334E+01 1.090E−02 6.266E+01 6.334E+01 1.090E−02 2.904E−01 4.000E+00 2.400E+01 8.844E−01 1.131E+00 6.573E+01 6.678E+01 1.602E−02 6.573E+01 6.678E+01 1.602E−02 3.682E−01 5.000E+00 3.000E+01 1.004E+00 9.964E−01 6.869E+01 7.019E+01 2.182E−02 6.869E+01 7.019E+01 2.182E−02 4.398E−01 6.000E+00 3.600E+01 1.107E+00 9.033E−01 7.153E+01 7.352E+01 2.783E−02 7.153E+01 7.352E+01 2.783E−02 5.064E−01 7.000E+00 4.200E+01 1.198E+00 8.346E−01 7.425E+01 7.676E+01 3.380E−02 7.425E+01 7.676E+01 3.380E−02 5.688E−01 8.000E+00 4.800E+01 1.279E+00 7.817E−01 7.685E+01 7.989E+01 3.957E−02 7.685E+01 7.989E+01 3.957E−02 6.277E−01 9.000E+00 5.400E+01 1.352E+00 7.395E−01 7.935E+01 8.293E+01 4.512E−02 7.935E+01 8.293E+01 4.512E−02 6.836E−01 1.000E+01 6.000E+01 1.418E+00 7.051E−01 8.175E+01 8.587E+01 5.043E−02 8.175E+01 8.587E+01 5.043E−02 7.370E−01 1.500E+01 9.000E+01 1.673E+00 5.976E−01 9.259E+01 9.935E+01 7.303E−02 9.259E+01 9.935E+01 7.303E−02 9.750E−01 2.000E+01 1.200E+02 1.847E+00 5.414E−01 1.020E+02 1.111E+02 9.014E−02 1.020E+02 1.111E+02 9.014E−02 1.180E+00 3.000E+01 1.800E+02 2.062E+00 4.849E−01 1.178E+02 1.312E+02 1.136E−01 1.178E+02 1.312E+02 1.136E−01 1.531E+00 4.000E+01 2.400E+02 2.182E+00 4.583E−01 1.310E+02 1.478E+02 1.284E−01 1.310E+02 1.478E+02 1.284E−01 1.835E+00 5.000E+01 3.000E+02 2.249E+00 4.446E−01 1.424E+02 1.620E+02 1.379E−01 1.423E+02 1.618E+02 1.371E−01 2.106E+00 6.000E+01 3.600E+02 2.287E+00 4.373E−01 1.526E+02 1.747E+02 1.442E−01 1.515E+02 1.724E+02 1.381E−01 2.361E+00 7.000E+01 4.200E+02 2.304E+00 4.339E−01 1.618E+02 1.857E+02 1.481E−01 1.589E+02 1.805E+02 1.359E−01 2.599E+00 8.000E+01 4.800E+02 2.309E+00 4.331E−01 1.700E+02 1.956E+02 1.504E−01 1.653E+02 1.872E+02 1.324E−01 2.826E+00 9.000E+01 5.400E+02 2.305E+00 4.339E−01 1.776E+02 2.045E+02 1.515E−01 1.708E+02 1.927E+02 1.286E−01 3.043E+00 1.000E+02 6.000E+02 2.294E+00 4.359E−01 1.846E+02 2.126E+02 1.518E−01 1.756E+02 1.975E+02 1.246E−01 3.254E+00 1.500E+02 9.000E+02 2.215E+00 4.516E−01 2.124E+02 2.433E+02 1.450E−01 1.929E+02 2.133E+02 1.059E−01 4.239E+00 2.000E+02 1.200E+03 2.147E+00 4.657E−01 2.320E+02 2.627E+02 1.321E−01 2.029E+02 2.210E+02 8.946E−02 5.170E+00 3.000E+02 1.800E+03 2.024E+00 4.941E−01 2.566E+02 2.837E+02 1.056E−01 2.108E+02 2.247E+02 6.550E-02 7.016E+00 4.000E+02 2.400E+03 1.917E+00 5.216E−01 2.707E+02 2.937E+02 8.502E−02 2.113E+02 2.222E+02 5.155E−02 8.871E+00

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

4.000E+02 2.400E+03 1.917E+00 5.216E−01 2.707E+02 2.937E+02 8.502E−02 2.113E+02 2.222E+02 5.155E−02 8.871E+00 5.000E+02 3.000E+03 1.820E+00 5.494E−01 2.785E+02 2.979E+02 6.978E−02 2.076E+02 2.170E+02 4.563E−02 1.078E+01 6.000E+02 3.600E+03 1.730E+00 5.782E−01 2.821E+02 2.986E+02 5.832E−02 2.021E+02 2.111E+02 4.454E−02 1.277E+01 7.000E+02 4.200E+03 1.644E+00 6.083E−01 2.827E+02 2.969E+02 4.993E−02 1.966E+02 2.055E+02 4.537E−02 1.486E+01 8.000E+02 4.800E+03 1.563E+00 6.399E−01 2.812E+02 2.936E+02 4.417E−02 1.908E+02 2.000E+02 4.793E−02 1.708E+01 9.000E+02 5.400E+03 1.486E+00 6.730E−01 2.780E+02 2.893E+02 4.067E−02 1.850E+02 1.946E+02 5.201E−02 1.944E+01 1.000E+03 6.000E+03 1.413E+00 7.078E−01 2.736E+02 2.843E+02 3.925E−02 1.791E+02 1.894E+02 5.753E−02 2.194E+01 1.500E+03 9.000E+03 1.110E+00 9.007E−01 2.445E+02 2.571E+02 5.171E−02 1.517E+02 1.664E+02 9.738E−02 3.684E+01 2.000E+03 1.200E+04 8.967E−01 1.115E+00 2.155E+02 2.327E+02 7.981E−02 1.297E+02 1.484E+02 1.448E−01 5.574E+01 3.000E+03 1.800E+04 6.348E−01 1.575E+00 1.716E+02 1.961E+02 1.423E−01 9.979E+01 1.230E+02 2.328E−01 1.050E+02 4.000E+03 2.400E+04 4.861E−01 2.057E+00 1.424E+02 1.707E+02 1.987E−01 8.121E+01 1.060E+02 3.054E−01 1.687E+02 5.000E+03 3.000E+04 3.919E−01 2.552E+00 1.219E+02 1.521E+02 2.471E−01 6.868E+01 9.376E+01 3.652E−01 2.463E+02 6.000E+03 3.600E+04 3.273E−01 3.055E+00 1.069E+02 1.377E+02 2.890E−01 5.967E+01 8.444E+01 4.152E−01 3.373E+02 7.000E+03 4.200E+04 2.805E−01 3.565E+00 9.528E+01 1.263E+02 3.258E−01 5.286E+01 7.707E+01 4.581E−01 4.413E+02 8.000E+03 4.800E+04 2.451E−01 4.080E+00 8.610E+01 1.170E+02 3.583E−01 4.754E+01 7.108E+01 4.952E−01 5.581E+02 9.000E+03 5.400E+04 2.174E−01 4.600E+00 7.864E+01 1.091E+02 3.876E−01 4.325E+01 6.609E+01 5.281E−01 6.874E+02 1.000E+04 6.000E+04 1.952E−01 5.124E+00 7.244E+01 1.025E+02 4.143E−01 3.972E+01 6.186E+01 5.575E−01 8.291E+02 1.500E+04 9.000E+04 1.284E−01 7.788E+00 5.247E+01 7.966E+01 5.184E−01 2.853E+01 4.756E+01 6.672E−01 1.718E+03 2.000E+04 1.200E+05 9.514E−02 1.051E+01 4.149E+01 6.615E+01 5.945E−01 2.249E+01 3.918E+01 7.422E−01 2.896E+03 3.000E+04 1.800E+05 6.223E−02 1.607E+01 2.961E+01 5.043E+01 7.029E−01 1.606E+01 2.955E+01 8.398E−01 6.086E+03 4.000E+04 2.400E+05 4.599E−02 2.174E+01 2.322E+01 4.136E+01 7.812E−01 1.264E+01 2.405E+01 9.022E−01 1.035E+04 5.000E+04 3.000E+05 3.665E−02 2.728E+01 1.934E+01 3.543E+01 8.316E−01 1.054E+01 2.051E+01 9.456E−01 1.552E+04 6.000E+04 3.600E+05 3.055E−02 3.273E+01 1.670E+01 3.118E+01 8.668E−01 9.096E+00 1.799E+01 9.780E−01 2.157E+04 7.000E+04 4.200E+05 2.624E−02 3.811E+01 1.477E+01 2.797E+01 8.937E−01 8.038E+00 1.610E+01 1.004E+00 2.846E+04 8.000E+04 4.800E+05 2.304E−02 4.340E+01 1.330E+01 2.545E+01 9.142E−01 7.229E+00 1.463E+01 1.024E+00 3.613E+04 9.000E+04 5.400E+05 2.058E−02 4.859E+01 1.213E+01 2.342E+01 9.299E−01 6.588E+00 1.344E+01 1.040E+00 4.454E+04 1.000E+05 6.000E+05 1.862E−02 5.370E+01 1.119E+01 2.173E+01 9.421E−01 6.068E+00 1.246E+01 1.054E+00 5.366E+04

2.000E+05 1.200E+06 9.996E−03 1.000E+02 6.767E+00 1.333E+01 9.701E−01 3.615E+00 7.606E+00 1.104E+00 1.775E+05 3.000E+05 1.800E+06 7.182E−03 1.392E+02 5.192E+00 1.007E+01 9.403E−01 2.738E+00 5.730E+00 1.092E+00 3.470E+05 4.000E+05 2.400E+06 5.782E−03 1.730E+02 4.373E+00 8.298E+00 8.976E−01 2.285E+00 4.705E+00 1.060E+00 5.492E+05 5.000E+05 3.000E+06 4.942E−03 2.024E+02 3.868E+00 7.169E+00 8.531E−01 2.006E+00 4.051E+00 1.019E+00 7.760E+05 6.000E+05 3.600E+06 4.380E−03 2.283E+02 3.525E+00 6.381E+00 8.101E−01 1.818E+00 3.593E+00 9.762E−01 1.022E+06 7.000E+05 4.200E+06 3.977E−03 2.514E+02 3.276E+00 5.798E+00 7.700E−01 1.682E+00 3.253E+00 9.336E−01 1.283E+06 8.000E+05 4.800E+06 3.674E−03 2.722E+02 3.087E+00 5.348E+00 7.326E−01 1.580E+00 2.990E+00 8.921E−01 1.556E+06 9.000E+05 5.400E+06 3.436E−03 2.910E+02 2.938E+00 4.990E+00 6.983E−01 1.501E+00 2.780E+00 8.525E−01 1.839E+06 1.000E+06 6.000E+06 3.245E−03 3.082E+02 2.818E+00 4.697E+00 6.666E−01 1.437E+00 2.608E+00 8.150E−01 2.130E+06

LITHIUM-7 IONS: A=7 Z=3 (a) Instantaneous Data

∆M=14.90830 MeV Mc2=6.5354E+03 MeV

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

1.000E−01 7.000E−01 2.142E−07 0.000E+00 1.033E−01 9.680E+00 5.620E+01 5.620E+01 1.736E−02 8.288E+01 1.500E−01 1.050E+00 3.213E−07 0.000E+00 1.412E−01 7.084E+00 5.790E+01 5.790E+01 2.347E−02 7.428E+01 2.000E−01 1.400E+00 4.284E−07 0.000E+00 1.827E−01 5.473E+00 5.880E+01 5.880E+01 2.945E−02 6.901E+01 3.000E−01 2.100E+00 6.427E−07 0.000E+00 2.465E−01 4.056E+00 5.936E+01 5.936E+01 4.128E−02 6.258E+01 4.000E−01 2.800E+00 8.569E−07 0.000E+00 3.155E−01 3.170E+00 5.957E+01 5.957E+01 5.304E−02 5.864E+01 5.000E−01 3.500E+00 1.071E−06 0.000E+00 3.750E−01 2.666E+00 5.972E+01 5.972E+01 6.478E−02 5.589E+01 6.000E−01 4.200E+00 1.285E−06 0.000E+00 4.194E−01 2.385E+00 5.986E+01 5.986E+01 7.648E−02 5.383E+01 7.000E−01 4.900E+00 1.500E−06 0.000E+00 4.835E−01 2.068E+00 6.017E+01 6.017E+01 8.814E−02 5.221E+01 8.000E−01 5.600E+00 1.714E−06 0.000E+00 5.294E−01 1.889E+00 6.047E+01 6.047E+01 9.974E−02 5.089E+01 9.000E−01 6.300E+00 1.928E−06 0.000E+00 5.757E−01 1.737E+00 6.085E+01 6.085E+01 1.113E−01 4.978E+01 1.000E+00 7.000E+00 2.142E−06 0.000E+00 6.227E−01 1.606E+00 6.130E+01 6.130E+01 1.227E−01 4.883E+01 1.500E+00 1.050E+01 3.213E−06 0.000E+00 8.072E−01 1.239E+00 6.376E+01 6.376E+01 1.786E−01 4.556E+01 2.000E+00 1.400E+01 4.284E−06 0.000E+00 9.946E−01 1.005E+00 6.723E+01 6.723E+01 2.318E−01 4.355E+01 3.000E+00 2.100E+01 6.427E−06 0.000E+00 1.255E+00 7.965E−01 7.341E+01 7.341E+01 3.308E−01 4.111E+01 4.000E+00 2.800E+01 8.569E−06 0.000E+00 1.506E+00 6.642E−01 8.069E+01 8.069E+01 4.210E−01 3.961E+01 5.000E+00 3.500E+01 1.071E−05 0.000E+00 1.698E+00 5.889E−01 8.720E+01 8.720E+01 5.041E−01 3.856E+01 6.000E+00 4.200E+01 1.285E−05 0.000E+00 1.828E+00 5.471E−01 9.212E+01 9.212E+01 5.815E−01 3.778E+01 7.000E+00 4.900E+01 1.500E−05 0.000E+00 1.997E+00 5.007E−01 9.927E+01 9.927E+01 6.541E−01 3.716E+01 8.000E+00 5.600E+01 1.714E−05 0.000E+00 2.106E+00 4.749E−01 1.044E+02 1.044E+02 7.226E−01 3.665E+01 9.000E+00 6.300E+01 1.928E−05 0.000E+00 2.205E+00 4.535E−01 1.095E+02 1.095E+02 7.878E−01 3.623E+01 1.000E+01 7.000E+01 2.142E−05 0.000E+00 2.296E+00 4.354E−01 1.147E+02 1.147E+02 8.499E−01 3.587E+01 1.500E+01 1.050E+02 3.213E−05 0.000E+00 2.569E+00 3.892E−01 1.350E+02 1.350E+02 1.127E+00 3.463E+01 2.000E+01 1.400E+02 4.284E−05 0.000E+00 2.730E+00 3.664E−01 1.552E+02 1.552E+02 1.366E+00 3.386E+01 3.000E+01 2.100E+02 6.426E−05 0.000E+00 2.803E+00 3.568E−01 1.828E+02 1.828E+02 1.776E+00 3.293E+01 4.000E+01 2.800E+02 8.568E−05 0.000E+00 2.752E+00 3.634E−01 2.088E+02 2.088E+02 2.130E+00 3.236E+01 5.000E+01 3.500E+02 1.071E−04 0.000E+00 2.653E+00 3.770E−01 2.286E+02 2.238E+02 2.449E+00 3.196E+01 6.000E+01 4.200E+02 1.285E−04 0.000E+00 2.562E+00 3.904E−01 2.419E+02 2.290E+02 2.744E+00 3.166E+01 7.000E+01 4.900E+02 1.499E−04 0.000E+00 2.463E+00 4.060E−01 2.539E+02 2.337E+02 3.022E+00 3.143E+01 8.000E+01 5.600E+02 1.714E−04 0.000E+00 2.310E+00 4.330E−01 2.700E+02 2.399E+02 3.286E+00 3.123E+01 9.000E+01 6.300E+02 1.928E−04 0.000E+00 2.201E+00 4.544E−01 2.800E+02 2.435E+02 3.540E+00 3.107E+01 1.000E+02 7.000E+02 2.142E−04 0.000E+00 2.091E+00 4.782E−01 2.891E+02 2.465E+02 3.785E+00 3.094E+01 1.500E+02 1.050E+03 3.213E−04 0.000E+00 1.902E+00 5.256E−01 3.144E+02 2.513E+02 4.935E+00 3.046E+01 2.000E+02 1.400E+03 4.283E−04 0.000E+00 1.780E+00 5.617E−01 3.236E+02 2.432E+02 6.025E+00 3.017E+01 3.000E+02 2.100E+03 6.423E−04 9.407E+03 1.606E+00 6.225E−01 3.262E+02 2.253E+02 8.175E+00 2.982E+01 4.000E+02 2.800E+03 8.563E−04 7.991E+03 1.439E+00 6.951E−01 3.202E+02 2.020E+02 1.034E+01 2.960E+01

E/A E ß2 z2/ß2 I mfp LET L100 R W

4.000E+02 2.800E+03 8.563E−04 7.991E+03 1.439E+00 6.951E−01 3.202E+02 2.020E+02 1.034E+01 2.960E+01 5.000E+02 3.500E+03 1.070E−03 7.265E+03 1.337E+00 7.478E−01 3.123E+02 1.849E+02 1.256E+01 2.945E+01 6.000E+02 4.200E+03 1.284E−03 6.383E+03 1.201E+00 8.324E−01 2.972E+02 1.697E+02 1.488E+01 2.933E+01 7.000E+02 4.900E+03 1.498E−03 5.809E+03 1.106E+00 9.039E−01 2.842E+02 1.611E+02 1.733E+01 2.924E+01 8.000E+02 5.600E+03 1.712E−03 5.044E+03 9.736E−01 1.027E+00 2.628E+02 1.477E+02 1.992E+01 2.917E+01 9.000E+02 6.300E+03 1.925E−03 4.570E+03 8.885E−01 1.125E+00 2.475E+02 1.383E+02 2.267E+01 2.911E+01 1.000E+03 7.000E+03 2.139E−03 4.363E+03 8.507E−01 1.176E+00 2.403E+02 1.340E+02 2.559E+01 2.906E+01 1.500E+03 1.050E+04 3.206E−03 2.887E+03 5.723E−01 1.747E+00 1.811E+02 9.935E+01 4.297E+01 2.888E+01 2.000E+03 1.400E+04 4.285E+02 2.231E+03 4.444E−01 2.250E+00 1.501E+02 8.169E+01 6.502E+01 2.877E+01 3.000E+03 2.100E+04 6.396E−03 1.448E+03 2.889E−01 3.461E+00 1.084E+02 5.837E+01 1.225E+02 2.863E+01 4.000E+03 2.800E+04 8.514E−03 1.119E+03 2.227E−01 4.490E+00 8.870E+01 4.756E+01 1.968E+02 2.855E+01 5.000E+03 3.500E+04 1.063E−02 8.930E+02 1.771E−01 5.648E+00 7.421E+01 3.967E+01 2.873E+02 2.849E+01 6.000E+03 4.200E+04 1.273E−02 7.276E+02 1.436E−01 6.966E+00 6.295E+01 3.359E+01 3.934E+02 2.845E+01 7.000E+03 4.900E+04 1.483E−02 6.366E+02 1.252E−01 7.990E+00 5.648E+01 3.012E+01 5.148E+02 2.841E+01 8.000E+03 5.600E+04 1.692E−02 5.629E+02 1.102E−01 9.072E+00 5.106E+01 2.722E+01 6.511E+02 2.839E+01 9.000E+03 6.300E+04 1.900E−02 4.739E+02 9.223E−02 1.084E+01 4.429E+01 2.361E+01 8.020E+02 2.836E+01 1.000E+04 7.000E+04 2.108E−02 4.499E+02 8.739E−02 1.144E+01 4.241E+01 2.262E+01 9.674E+02 2.834E+01 1.500E+04 1.050E+05 3.137E−02 2.939E+02 5.599E−02 1.786E+01 2.959E+01 1.584E+01 2.004E+03 2.827E+01 2.000E+04 1.400E+05 4.151E−02 2.283E+02 4.287E−02 2.333E+01 2.378E+01 1.280E+01 3.379E+03 2.823E+01 3.000E+04 2.100E+05 6.130E−02 1.504E+02 2.739E−02 3.651E+01 1.642E+01 8.966E+00 7.100E+03 2.818E+01 4.000E+04 2.800E+05 8.048E−02 1.176E+02 2.094E−02 4.776E+01 1.313E+01 7.259E+00 1.207E+04 2.815E+01 5.000E+04 3.500E+05 9.908E−02 9.508E+01 1.705E−02 5.866E+01 1.110E+01 6.043E+00 1.810E+04 2.813E+01 6.000E+04 4.200E+05 1.171E−01 7.861E+01 1.402E−02 7.132E+01 9.442E+00 5.126E+00 2.516E+04 2.811E+01 7.000E+04 4.900E+05 1.346E−01 6.957E+01 1.238E−02 8.079E+01 8.516E+00 4.609E+00 3.320E+04 2.810E+01 8.000E+04 5.600E+05 1.516E−01 6.223E+01 1.105E−02 9.046E+01 7.756E+00 4.184E+00 4.215E+04 2.809E+01 9.000E+04 6.300E+05 1.681E−01 5.614E+01 9.961E−03 1.004E+02 7.116E+00 3.825E+00 5.196E+04 2.808E+01 1.000E+05 7.000E+05 1.841E−01 5.100E+01 9.041E−03 1.106E+02 6.570E+00 3.518E+00 6.260E+04 2.807E+01 1.500E+05 1.050E+06 2.577E−01 3.552E+01 6.289E−03 1.590E+02 4.877E+00 2.566E+00 1.269E+05 2.804E+01 2.000E+05 1.400E+06 3.217E−01 2.903E+01 5.138E−03 1.946E+02 4.139E+00 2.152E+00 2.071E+05 2.803E+01 3.000E+05 2.100E+06 4.272E−01 2.136E+01 3.774E−03 2.649E+02 3.235E+00 1.651E+00 4.047E+05 2.801E+01 4.000E+05 2.800E+06 5.099E−01 1.817E+01 3.201E−03 3.124E+02 2.846E+00 1.439E+00 6.407E+05 2.800E+01 5.000E+05 3.500E+06 5.759E−01 1.600E+01 2.807E−03 3.563E+02 2.577E+00 1.295E+00 9.053E+05 2.799E+01 6.000E+05 4.200E+06 6.294E−01 1.444E+01 2.518E−03 3.972E+02 2.380E+00 1.192E+00 1.192E+06 2.798E+01 7.000E+05 4.900E+06 6.734E−01 1.359E+01 2.359E−03 4.239E+02 2.273E+00 1.137E+00 1.497E+06 2.798E+01 8.000E+05 5.600E+06 7.100E−01 1.292E+01 2.230E−03 4.485E+02 2.187E+00 1.095E+00 1.815E+06 2.797E+01 9.000E+05 6.300E+06 7.407E−01 1.237E+01 2.122E−03 4.711E+02 2.116E+00 1.061E+00 2.145E+06 2.797E+01 1.000E+06 7.000E+06 7.669E−01 1.191E+01 2.032E−03 4.922E+02 2.058E+00 1.033E+00 2.485E+06 2.797E+01

(b) Equilibrium Values

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

1.000E−01 7.000E−01 5.431E−02 1.841E+01 4.809E+01 4.932E+01 2.570E−02 4.809E+01 4.932E+01 2.570E−02 1.736E−02 1.500E−01 1.050E+00 7.604E−02 1.315E+01 5.089E+01 5.206E+01 2.291E−02 5.089E+01 5.206E+01 2.291E−02 2.347E−02 2.000E−01 1.400E+00 9.666E−02 1.035E+01 5.264E+01 5.370E+01 2.018E−02 5.264E+01 5.370E+01 2.018E−02 2.945E−02 3.000E−01 2.100E+00 1.354E−01 7.387E+00 5.468E+01 5.555E+01 1.593E−02 5.468E+01 5.555E+01 1.593E−02 4.128E−02 4.000E−01 2.800E+00 1.714E−01 5.834E+00 5.583E+01 5.655E+01 1.301E−02 5.583E+01 5.655E+01 1.301E−02 5.304E−02 5.000E−01 3.500E+00 2.053E−01 4.870E+00 5.656E+01 5.718E+01 1.096E−02 5.656E+01 5.718E+01 1.096E−02 6.478E−02 6.000E−01 4.200E+00 2.374E−01 4.212E+00 5.708E+01 5.762E+01 9.474E−03 5.708E+01 5.762E+01 9.474E−03 7.648E−02 7.000E−01 4.900E+00 2.680E−01 3.732E+00 5.749E+01 5.797E+01 8.369E−03 5.749E+01 5.797E+01 8.369E−03 8.814E−02 8.000E−01 5.600E+00 2.972E−01 3.365E+00 5.783E+01 5.827E+01 7.532E−03 5.783E+01 5.827E+01 7.532E−03 9.974E−02 9.000E−01 6.300E+00 3.251E−01 3.076E+00 5.814E+01 5.854E+01 6.888E−03 5.814E+01 5.854E+01 6.888E−03 1.113E−01

1.500E+00 1.050E+01 4.726E−01 2.116E+00 5.977E+01 6.009E+01 5.305E−03 5.977E+01 6.009E+01 5.305E−03 1.786E−01 2.000E+00 1.400E+01 5.761E−01 1.736E+00 6.116E+01 6.150E+01 5.613E−03 6.116E+01 6.150E+01 5.613E−03 2.318E−01 3.000E+00 2.100E+01 7.485E−01 1.336E+00 6.405E+01 6.459E+01 8.543E−03 6.405E+01 6.459E+01 8.543E−03 3.308E−01 4.000E+00 2.800E+01 8.897E−01 1.124E+00 6.697E+01 6.785E+01 1.317E−02 6.697E+01 6.785E+01 1.317E−02 4.210E−01 5.000E+00 3.500E+01 1.009E+00 9.907E−01 6.982E+01 7.112E+01 1.859E−02 6.982E+01 7.112E+01 1.859E−02 5.041E−01 6.000E+00 4.200E+01 1.113E+00 8.983E−01 7.258E+01 7.435E+01 2.433E−02 7.258E+01 7.435E+01 2.433E−02 5.815E−01 7.000E+00 4.900E+01 1.205E+00 8.302E−01 7.524E+01 7.750E+01 3.007E−02 7.524E+01 7.750E+01 3.007E−02 6.541E−01 8.000E+00 5.600E+01 1.286E+00 7.777E−01 7.780E+01 8.057E+01 3.570E−02 7.780E+01 8.057E+01 3.570E−02 7.226E−01 9.000E+00 6.300E+01 1.359E+00 7.358E−01 8.026E+01 8.356E+01 4.114E−02 8.026E+01 8.356E+01 4.114E−02 7.878E−01 1.000E+01 7.000E+01 1.425E+00 7.017E−01 8.263E+01 8.646E+01 4.636E−02 8.263E+01 8.646E+01 4.636E−02 8.499E−01 1.500E+01 1.050E+02 1.680E+00 5.951E−01 9.337E+01 9.980E+01 6.882E−02 9.337E+01 9.980E+01 6.882E−02 1.127E+00 2.000E+01 1.400E+02 1.854E+00 5.394E−01 1.027E+02 1.115E+02 8.598E−02 1.027E+02 1.115E+02 8.598E−02 1.366E+00 3.000E+01 2.100E+02 2.068E+00 4.834E−01 1.184E+02 1.314E+02 1.097E−01 1.184E+02 1.314E+02 1.097E−01 1.776E+00 4.000E+01 2.800E+02 2.187E+00 4.572E−01 1.316E+02 1.480E+02 1.247E−01 1.316E+02 1.480E+02 1.247E−01 2.130E+00 5.000E+01 3.500E+02 2.255E+00 4.435E−01 1.431E+02 1.623E+02 1.345E−01 1.429E+02 1.621E+02 1.338E−01 2.449E+00 6.000E+01 4.200E+02 2.291E+00 4.364E−01 1.532E+02 1.748E+02 1.410E−01 1.520E+02 1.725E+02 1.351E−01 2.744E+00 7.000E+01 4.900E+02 2.309E+00 4.331E−01 1.623E+02 1.858E+02 1.451E−01 1.595E+02 1.807E+02 1.330E−01 3.022E+00 8.000E+01 5.600E+02 2.313E+00 4.323E−01 1.705E+02 1.957E+02 1.476E-01 1.658E+02 1.873E+02 1.297E−01 3.286E+00 9.000E+01 6.300E+02 2.308E+00 4.332E−01 1.781E+02 2.046E+02 1.489E−01 1.712E+02 1.928E+02 1.260E−01 3.540E+00 1.000E+02 7.000E+02 2.297E+00 4.353E−01 1.850E+02 2.127E+02 1.493E−01 1.760E+02 1.976E+02 1.222E−01 3.785E+00 1.500E+02 1.050E+03 2.217E+00 4.511E−01 2.129E+02 2.433E+02 1.430E−01 1.933E+02 2.134E+02 1.040E−01 4.935E+00 2.000E+02 1.400E+03 2.149E+00 4.654E−01 2.325E+02 2.628E+02 1.304E−01 2.032E+02 2.211E+02 8.785E−02 6.025E+00 3.000E+02 2.100E+03 2.025E+00 4.938E−01 2.569E+02 2.837E+02 1.044E−01 2.111E+02 2.247E+02 6.436E−02 8.175E+00 4.000E+02 2.800E+03 1.918E+00 5.214E−01 2.709E+02 2.937E+02 8.407E−02 2.115E+02 2.222E+02 5.067E−02 1.034E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

4.000E+02 2.800E+03 1.918E+00 5.214E−01 2.709E+02 2.937E+02 8.407E−02 2.115E+02 2.222E+02 5.067E−02 1.034E+01 5.000E+02 3.500E+03 1.821E+00 5.493E−01 2.787E+02 2.979E+02 6.901E−02 2.077E+02 2.170E+02 4.489E−02 1.256E+01 6.000E+02 4.200E+03 1.730E+00 5.781E−01 2.823E+02 2.986E+02 5.767E−02 2.023E+02 2.112E+02 4.391E−02 1.488E+01 7.000E+02 4.900E+03 1.644E+00 6.081E−01 2.830E+02 2.969E+02 4.926E−02 1.967E+02 2.055E+02 4.472E−02 1.733E+01 8.000E+02 5.600E+03 1.563E+00 6.398E−01 2.813E+02 2.936E+02 4.377E−02 1.909E+02 2.000E+02 4.756E−02 1.992E+01 9.000E+02 6.300E+03 1.486E+00 6.730E−01 2.781E+02 2.893E+02 4.032E−02 1.851E+02 1.946E+02 5.170E−02 2.267E+01 1.000E+03 7.000E+03 1.413E+00 7.077E−01 2.737E+02 2.843E+02 3.877E−02 1.792E+02 1.894E+02 5.708E−02 2.559E+01 1.500E+03 1.050E+04 1.110E+00 9.006E−01 2.445E+02 2.571E+02 5.142E−02 1.517E+02 1.665E+02 9.716E−02 4.297E+01 2.000E+03 1.400E+04 8.967E−01 1.115E+00 2.155E+02 2.327E+02 7.965E−02 1.297E+02 1.484E+02 1.447E−01 6.502E+01 3.000E+03 2.100E+04 6.347E−01 1.576E+00 1.716E+02 1.961E+02 1.423E−01 9.978E+01 1.230E+02 2.329E−01 1.225E+02 4.000E+03 2.800E+04 4.860E−01 2.058E+00 1.424E+02 1.707E+02 1.986E−01 8.121E+01 1.060E+02 3.055E−01 1.968E+02 5.000E+03 3.500E+04 3.918E−01 2.552E+00 1.219E+02 1.521E+02 2.470E−01 6.867E+01 9.376E+01 3.652E−01 2.873E+02 6.000E+03 4.200E+04 3.273E−01 3.055E+00 1.069E+02 1.377E+02 2.890E−01 5.966E+01 8.444E+01 4.154E−01 3.934E+02 7.000E+03 4.900E+04 2.805E−01 3.565E+00 9.528E+01 1.263E+02 3.257E−01 5.285E+01 7.707E+01 4.582E−01 5.148E+02 8.000E+03 5.600E+04 2.451E−01 4.081E+00 8.611E+01 1.170E+02 3.582E−01 4.753E+01 7.108E+01 4.953E−01 6.511E+02 9.000E+03 6.300E+04 2.174E−01 4.600E+00 7.865E+01 1.091E+02 3.875E−01 4.325E+01 6.609E+01 5.281E−01 8.020E+02 1.000E+04 7.000E+04 1.951E−01 5.125E+00 7.245E+01 1.024E+02 4.141E−01 3.972E+01 6.185E+01 5.574E−01 9.674E+02 1.500E+04 1.050E+05 1.284E−01 7.789E+00 5.246E+01 7.967E+01 5.186E−01 2.852E+01 4.756E+01 6.676E−01 2.004E+03 2.000E+04 1.400E+05 9.514E−02 1.051E+01 4.149E+01 6.615E+01 5.943E−01 2.249E+01 3.918E+01 7.422E−01 3.379E+03 3.000E+04 2.100E+05 6.222E−02 1.607E+01 2.961E+01 5.043E+01 7.031E−01 1.606E+01 2.955E+01 8.402E−01 7.100E+03 4.000E+04 2.800E+05 4.599E−02 2.174E+01 2.322E+01 4.136E+01 7.812E−01 1.264E+01 2.405E+01 9.024E−01 1.207E+04 5.000E+04 3.500E+05 3.667E−02 2.727E+01 1.936E+01 3.542E+01 8.299E−01 1.054E+01 2.050E+01 9.455E−01 1.810E+04 6.000E+04 4.200E+05 3.056E−02 3.272E+01 1.671E+01 3.117E+01 8.658E−01 9.094E+00 1.799E+01 9.782E−01 2.516E+04 7.000E+04 4.900E+05 2.625E-02 3.810E+01 1.478E+01 2.797E+01 8.927E−01 8.037E+00 1.610E+01 1.004E+00 3.320E+04 8.000E+04 5.600E+05 2.305E−02 4.338E+01 1.330E+01 2.545E+01 9.132E−01 7.228E+00 1.463E+01 1.024E+00 4.215E+04 9.000E+04 6.300E+05 2.059E−02 4.858E+01 1.214E+01 2.342E+01 9.292E−01 6.587E+00 1.344E+01 1.040E+00 5.196E+04 1.000E+05 7.000E+05 1.863E−02 5.368E+01 1.119E+01 2.173E+01 9.415E−01 6.067E+00 1.246E+01 1.054E+00 6.260E+04 1.500E+05 1.050E+06 1.284E−02 7.788E+01 8.283E+00 1.632E+01 9.698E−01 4.456E+00 9.325E+00 1.093E+00 1.269E+05 2.000E+05 1.400E+06 9.997E−03 1.000E+02 6.768E+00 1.333E+01 9.700E−01 3.614E+00 7.605E+00 1.104E+00 2.071E+05

4.000E+05 2.800E+06 5.783E−03 1.729E+02 4.374E+00 8.299E+00 8.976E−01 2.284E+00 4.704E+00 1.059E+00 6.407E+05 5.000E+05 3.500E+06 4.942E−03 2.023E+02 3.869E+00 7.170E+00 8.533E−01 2.006E+00 4.050E+00 1.019E+00 9.053E+05 6.000E+05 4.200E+06 4.380E−03 2.283E+02 3.525E+00 6.382E+00 8.104E−01 1.818E+00 3.592E+00 9.763E−01 1.192E+06 7.000E+05 4.900E+06 3.977E−03 2.514E+02 3.276E+00 5.799E+00 7.702E−01 1.682E+00 3.252E+00 9.336E−01 1.497E+06 8.000E+05 5.600E+06 3.674E−03 2.722E+02 3.087E+00 5.349E+00 7.329E−01 1.580E+00 2.989E+00 8.921E−01 1.815E+06 9.000E+05 6.300E+06 3.436E−03 2.910E+02 2.938E+00 4.990E+00 6.985E−01 1.500E+00 2.779E+00 8.525E−01 2.145E+06 1.000E+06 7.000E+06 3.245E−03 3.082E+02 2.818E+00 4.698E+00 6.668E−01 1.437E+00 2.608E+00 8.149E−01 2.485E+06

BERYLLIUM-6 IONS: A=6 Z=4 (a) Instantaneous Data

∆M=18.37560 MeV Mc2=5.6073E+03 MeV

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

1.000E−01 6.000E−01 2.140E−07 0.000E+00 1.156E−01 8.653E+00 6.744E+01 6.744E+01 1.379E−02 9.517E+01 1.500E−01 9.000E−01 3.210E−07 0.000E+00 1.668E−01 5.994E+00 7.157E+01 7.157E+01 1.807E−02 8.478E+01 2.000E−01 1.200E+00 4.280E−07 0.000E+00 2.070E−01 4.832E+00 7.363E+01 7.363E+01 2.218E−02 7.841E+01 3.000E−01 1.800E+00 6.420E−07 0.000E+00 2.947E−01 3.394E+00 7.641E+01 7.641E+01 3.014E−02 7.064E+01 4.000E−01 2.400E+00 8.560E−07 0.000E+00 3.623E−01 2.760E+00 7.777E+01 7.777E+01 3.789E−02 6.587E+01 5.000E−01 3.000E+00 1.070E−06 0.000E+00 4.328E−01 2.311E+00 7.890E+01 7.890E+01 4.553E−02 6.255E+01 6.000E−01 3.600E+00 1.284E−06 0.000E+00 5.074E−01 1.971E+00 7.994E+01 7.994E+01 5.306E−02 6.006E+01 7.000E−01 4.200E+00 1.498E−06 0.000E+00 5.621E−01 1.779E+00 8.068E+01 8.068E+01 6.051E−02 5.810E+01 8.000E−01 4.800E+00 1.712E−06 0.000E+00 6.171E−01 1.620E+00 8.143E+01 8.143E+01 6.789E−02 5.650E+01 9.000E−01 5.400E+00 1.926E−06 0.000E+00 6.729E−01 1.486E+00 8.222E+01 8.222E+01 7.519E−02 5.516E+01 1.000E+00 6.000E+00 2.140E−06 0.000E+00 7.297E−01 1.370E+00 8.306E+01 8.306E+01 8.241E−02 5.402E+01 1.500E+00 9.000E+00 3.210E−06 0.000E+00 9.938E−01 1.006E+00 8.759E+01 8.759E+01 1.174E−01 5.006E+01 2.000E+00 1.200E+01 4.280E−06 0.000E+00 1.186E+00 8.433E−01 9.158E+01 9.158E+01 1.507E−01 4.764E+01 3.000E+00 1.800E+01 6.420E−06 0.000E+00 1.568E+00 6.379E−01 1.012E+02 1.012E+02 2.125E−01 4.468E+01 4.000E+00 2.400E+01 8.560E−06 0.000E+00 1.831E+00 5.462E−01 1.090E+02 1.090E+02 2.690E−01 4.286E+01 5.000E+00 3.000E+01 1.070E−05 0.000E+00 2.080E+00 4.808E−01 1.174E+02 1.174E+02 3.212E−01 4.160E+01 6.000E+00 3.600E+01 1.284E−05 0.000E+00 2.317E+00 4.315E−01 1.265E+02 1.265E+02 3.698E−01 4.065E+01 7.000E+00 4.200E+01 1.498E−05 0.000E+00 2.475E+00 4.040E−01 1.331E+02 1.331E+02 4.155E−01 3.990E+01 8.000E+00 4.800E+01 1.712E−05 0.000E+00 2.622E+00 3.814E−01 1.398E+02 1.398E+02 4.587E−01 3.929E+01 9.000E+00 5.400E+01 1.926E−05 0.000E+00 2.758E+00 3.626E−01 1.465E+02 1.465E+02 4.998E−01 3.878E+01 1.000E+01 6.000E+01 2.140E−05 0.000E+00 2.885E+00 3.467E−01 1.534E+02 1.534E+02 5.390E−01 3.835E+01 1.500E+01 9.000E+01 3.210E−05 0.000E+00 3.332E+00 3.001E−01 1.849E+02 1.849E+02 7.140E−01 3.684E+01 2.000E+01 1.200E+02 4.280E−05 0.000E+00 3.534E+00 2.830E−01 2.075E+02 2.075E+02 8.647E−01 3.592E+01 3.000E+01 1.800E+02 6.420E−05 0.000E+00 3.704E+00 2.700E−01 2.515E+02 2.515E+02 1.122E+00 3.479E+01 4.000E+01 2.400E+02 8.560E−05 0.000E+00 3.688E+00 2.712E−01 2.815E+02 2.815E+02 1.344E+00 3.410E+01 5.000E+01 3.000E+02 1.070E−04 0.000E+00 3.599E+00 2.779E−01 3.097E+02 3.065E+02 1.544E+00 3.362E+01 6.000E+01 3.600E+02 1.284E−04 0.000E+00 3.461E+00 2.889E−01 3.367E+02 3.197E+02 1.727E+00 3.326E+01 7.000E+01 4.200E+02 1.498E−04 0.000E+00 3.345E+00 2.989E−01 3.548E+02 3.288E+02 1.899E+00 3.298E+01 8.000E+01 4.800E+02 1.712E−04 0.000E+00 3.222E+00 3.104E−01 3.717E+02 3.373E+02 2.059E+00 3.274E+01 9.000E+01 5.400E+02 1.926E−04 0.000E+00 3.094E+00 3.232E−01 3.875E+02 3.453E+02 2.217E+00 3.255E+01 1.000E+02 6.000E+02 2.140E−04 0.000E+00 2.964E+00 3.374E−01 4.023E+02 3.527E+02 2.366E+00 3.238E+01 1.500E+02 9.000E+02 3.209E−04 0.000E+00 2.717E+00 3.681E−01 4.553E+02 3.767E+02 3.057E+00 3.181E+01 2.000E+02 1.200E+03 4.279E−04 0.000E+00 2.643E+00 3.783E−01 4.784E+02 3.824E+02 3.695E+00 3.146E+01 3.000E+02 1.800E+03 6.417E−04 1.382E+04 2.353E+00 4.249E−01 4.834E+02 3.584E+02 4.929E+00 3.103E+01 4.000E+02 2.400E+03 8.555E−04 1.183E+04 2.105E+00 4.751E−01 4.657E+02 3.233E+02 6.198E+00 3.077E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

4.000E+02 2.400E+03 8.555E−04 1.183E+04 2.105E+00 4.751E−01 4.657E+02 3.233E+02 6.198E+00 3.077E+01

3.058E+01 6.000E+02 3.600E+03 1.283E−03 8.901E+03 1.670E+00 5.989E−01 4.172E+02 2.458E+02 8.937E+00 3.045E+01 7.000E+02 4.200E+03 1.496E−03 8.101E+03 1.538E+00 6.503E−01 3.987E+02 2.259E+02 1.042E+01 3.034E+01 8.000E+02 4.800E+03 1.710E−03 7.407E+03 1.419E+00 7.045E−01 3.807E+02 2.144E+02 1.198E+01 3.025E+01 9.000E+02 5.400E+03 1.923E−03 6.797E+03 1.313E+00 7.619E−01 3.632E+02 2.035E+02 1.363E+01 3.018E+01 1.000E+03 6.000E+03 2.137E−03 6.255E+03 1.215E+00 8.228E−01 3.464E+02 1.931E+02 1.535E+01 3.011E+01 1.500E+03 9.000E+03 3.202E−03 4.436E+03 8.762E−01 1.141E+00 2.795E+02 1.533E+02 2.515E+01 2.990E+01 2.000E+03 1.200E+04 4.266E−03 3.567E+03 7.082E−01 1.412E+00 2.410E+02 1.312E+02 3.692E+01 2.976E+01 3.000E+03 1.800E+04 6.389E−03 2.429E+03 4.829E−01 2.071E+00 1.824E+02 9.827E+01 6.623E+01 2.960E+01 4.000E+03 2.400E+04 8.506E−03 1.910E+03 3.787E−01 2.640E+00 1.518E+02 8.145E+01 1.031E+02 2.950E+01 5.000E+03 3.000E+04 1.061E−02 1.539E+03 3.040E−01 3.289E+00 1.282E+02 6.859E+01 1.474E+02 2.943E+01 6.000E+03 3.600E+04 1.272E−02 1.260E+03 2.478E−01 4.035E+00 1.093E+02 5.838E+01 1.991E+02 2.938E+01 7.000E+03 4.200E+04 1.481E−02 1.105E+03 2.166E−01 4.617E+00 9.832E+01 5.247E+01 2.580E+02 2.933E+01 8.000E+03 4.800E+04 1.690E−02 9.790E+02 1.911E−01 5.234E+00 8.902E+01 4.749E+01 3.240E+02 2.930E+01 9.000E+03 5.400E+04 1.899E−02 8.735E+02 1.698E−01 5.890E+00 8.103E+01 4.323E+01 3.969E+02 2.927E+01 1.000E+04 6.000E+04 2.106E−02 7.841E+02 1.518E−01 6.589E+00 7.408E+01 3.953E+01 4.768E+02 2.925E+01 1.500E+04 9.000E+04 3.134E−02 5.131E+02 9.740E−02 1.027E+01 5.174E+01 2.774E+01 9.769E+02 2.917E+01 2.000E+04 1.200E+05 4.147E−02 3.988E+02 7.459E−02 1.341E+01 4.159E+01 2.241E+01 1.640E+03 2.911E+01 3.000E+04 1.800E+05 6.124E−02 2.627E+02 4.767E−02 2.098E+01 2.872E+01 1.570E+01 3.434E+03 2.905E+01 4.000E+04 2.400E+05 8.040E−02 2.055E+02 3.644E−02 2.744E+01 2.295E+01 1.271E+01 5.832E+03 2.901E+01 5.000E+04 3.000E+05 9.899E−02 1.662E+02 2.972E−02 3.365E+01 1.943E+01 1.059E+01 8.739E+03 2.899E+01 6.000E+04 3.600E+05 1.170E−01 1.374E+02 2.446E−02 4.089E+01 1.654E+01 8.981E+00 1.214E+04 2.897E+01 7.000E+04 4.200E+05 1.345E−01 1.217E+02 2.160E−02 4.630E+01 1.492E+01 8.078E+00 1.602E+04 2.895E+01 8.000E+04 4.800E+05 1.515E−01 1.088E+02 1.929E−02 5.183E+01 1.359E+01 7.333E+00 2.033E+04 2.894E+01 9.000E+04 5.400E+05 1.680E−01 9.822E+01 1.739E−02 5.750E+01 1.247E+01 6.705E+00 2.506E+04 2.893E+01 1.000E+05 6.000E+05 1.840E−01 8.924E+01 1.579E−02 6.333E+01 1.152E+01 6.168E+00 3.019E+04 2.892E+01 1.500E+05 9.000E+05 2.575E−01 6.223E+01 1.100E−02 9.092E+01 8.561E+00 4.503E+00 6.119E+04 2.889E+01 2.000E+05 1.200E+06 3.215E−01 5.090E+01 8.995E−03 1.112E+02 7.272E+00 3.781E+00 9.985E+04 2.887E+01 3.000E+05 1.800E+06 4.270E−01 3.752E+01 6.619E−03 1.511E+02 5.694E+00 2.905E+00 1.952E+05 2.885E+01 4.000E+05 2.400E+06 5.096E−01 3.195E+01 5.620E−03 1.779E+02 5.015E+00 2.535E+00 3.089E+05 2.883E+01 5.000E+05 3.000E+06 5.756E−01 2.818E+01 4.933E−03 2.027E+02 4.546E+00 2.284E+00 4.365E+05 2.882E+01 6.000E+05 3.600E+06 6.291E−01 2.545E+01 4.430E−03 2.257E+02 4.203E+00 2.105E+00 5.748E+05 2.881E+01 7.000E+05 4.200E+06 6.731E−01 2.398E+01 4.153E−03 2.408E+02 4.016E+00 2.010E+00 7.216E+05 2.881E+01 8.000E+05 4.800E+06 7.097E−01 2.280E+01 3.928E−03 2.546E+02 3.866E+00 1.936E+00 8.752E+05 2.880E+01 9.000E+05 5.400E+06 7.405E−01 2.184E+01 3.741E−03 2.673E+02 3.743E+00 1.877E+00 1.034E+06 2.880E+01 1.000E+06 6.000E+06 7.666E−01 2.104E+01 3.583E−03 2.791E+02 3.642E+00 1.829E+00 1.198E+06 2.879E+01

(b) Equilibrium Values

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

1.000E−01 6.000E−01 6.196E−02 1.614E+01 5.582E+01 5.768E+01 3.346E−02 5.582E+01 5.768E+01 3.346E−02 1.379E−02 1.500E−01 9.000E−01 8.670E−02 1.153E+01 6.002E+01 6.196E+01 3.220E−02 6.002E+01 6.196E+01 3.220E−02 1.807E−02 2.000E−01 1.200E+00 1.102E−01 9.070E+00 6.289E+01 6.478E+01 3.017E−02 6.289E+01 6.478E+01 3.017E−02 2.218E−02 3.000E−01 1.800E+00 1.547E−01 6.463E+00 6.664E+01 6.839E+01 2.626E−02 6.664E+01 6.839E+01 2.626E−02 3.014E−02 4.000E−01 2.400E+00 1.965E−01 5.090E+00 6.906E+01 7.065E+01 2.313E−02 6.906E+01 7.065E+01 2.313E−02 3.789E−02 5.000E−01 3.000E+00 2.360E−01 4.237E+00 7.079E+01 7.226E+01 2.072E−02 7.079E+01 7.226E+01 2.072E−02 4.553E−02 6.000E−01 3.600E+00 2.737E−01 3.654E+00 7.214E+01 7.350E+01 1.885E−02 7.214E+01 7.350E+01 1.885E−02 5.306E−02 7.000E−01 4.200E+00 3.097E−01 3.229E+00 7.323E+01 7.450E+01 1.738E−02 7.323E+01 7.450E+01 1.738E−02 6.051E−02 8.000E−01 4.800E+00 3.443E−01 2.904E+00 7.416E+01 7.537E+01 1.622E−02 7.416E+01 7.537E+01 1.622E−02 6.789E−02 9.000E−01 5.400E+00 3.776E−01 2.648E+00 7.498E+01 7.613E+01 1.530E−02 7.498E+01 7.613E+01 1.530E−02 7.519E−02 1.000E+00 6.000E+00 4.097E−01 2.441E+00 7.572E+01 7.682E+01 1.457E−02 7.572E+01 7.682E+01 1.457E−02 8.241E−02 1.500E+00 9.000E+00 5.557E−01 1.799E+00 7.877E+01 7.977E+01 1.276E−02 7.877E+01 7.977E+01 1.276E−02 1.174E−01

3.000E+00 1.800E+01 8.980E−01 1.114E+00 8.598E+01 8.728E+01 1.522E−02 8.598E+01 8.728E+01 1.522E−02 2.125E−01 4.000E+00 2.400E+01 1.077E+00 9.288E−01 9.027E+01 9.203E+01 1.941E−02 9.027E+01 9.203E+01 1.941E−02 2.690E−01 5.000E+00 3.000E+01 1.230E+00 8.131E−01 9.433E+01 9.663E+01 2.435E−02 9.433E+01 9.663E+01 2.435E−02 3.212E−01 6.000E+00 3.600E+01 1.364E+00 7.333E−01 9.818E+01 1.011E+02 2.960E−02 9.818E+01 1.011E+02 2.960E−02 3.698E−01 7.000E+00 4.200E+01 1.482E+00 6.746E−01 1.019E+02 1.054E+02 3.490E−02 1.019E+02 1.054E+02 3.490E−02 4.155E−01 8.000E+00 4.800E+01 1.589E+00 6.295E−01 1.054E+02 1.096E+02 4.011E−02 1.054E+02 1.096E+02 4.011E−02 4.587E−01 9.000E+00 5.400E+01 1.685E+00 5.936E−01 1.087E+02 1.136E+02 4.519E−02 1.087E+02 1.136E+02 4.519E−02 4.998E−01 1.000E+01 6.000E+01 1.772E+00 5.643E−01 1.120E+02 1.176E+02 5.008E−02 1.120E+02 1.176E+02 5.008E−02 5.390E−01 1.500E+01 9.000E+01 2.113E+00 4.732E−01 1.266E+02 1.356E+02 7.139E−02 1.266E+02 1.356E+02 7.139E−02 7.140E−01 2.000E+01 1.200E+02 2.350E+00 4.256E−01 1.393E+02 1.515E+02 8.812E−02 1.393E+02 1.515E+02 8.812E−02 8.647E−01 3.000E+01 1.800E+02 2.650E+00 3.773E−01 1.608E+02 1.788E+02 1.119E−01 1.608E+02 1.788E+02 1.119E−01 1.122E+00 4.000E+01 2.400E+02 2.824E+00 3.541E−01 1.789E+02 2.017E+02 1.276E−01 1.789E+02 2.017E+02 1.276E−01 1.344E+00 5.000E+01 3.000E+02 2.928E+00 3.415E−01 1.947E+02 2.217E+02 1.383E−01 1.946E+02 2.213E+02 1.376E−01 1.544E+00 6.000E+01 3.600E+02 2.991E+00 3.344E−01 2.088E+02 2.393E+02 1.458E−01 2.074E+02 2.365E+02 1.403E−01 1.727E+00 7.000E+01 4.200E+02 3.026E+00 3.305E−01 2.216E+02 2.550E+02 1.510E−01 2.181E+02 2.486E+02 1.397E−01 1.899E+00 8.000E+01 4.800E+02 3.043E+00 3.286E−01 2.330E+02 2.690E+02 1.546E−01 2.273E+02 2.586E+02 1.380E−01 2.059E+00 9.000E+01 5.400E+02 3.048E+00 3.281E−01 2.439E+02 2.822E+02 1.570E−01 2.357E+02 2.676E+02 1.356E−01 2.217E+00 1.000E+02 6.000E+02 3.043E+00 3.286E−01 2.539E+02 2.941E+02 1.585E−01 2.430E+02 2.754E+02 1.330E−01 2.366E+00 1.500E+02 9.000E+02 2.979E+00 3.357E−01 2.947E+02 3.410E+02 1.571E−01 2.713E+02 3.037E+02 1.197E−01 3.057E+00 2.000E+02 1.200E+03 2.926E+00 3.417E−01 3.251E+02 3.734E+02 1.487E−01 2.902E+02 3.213E+02 1.070E−01 3.695E+00 3.000E+02 1.800E+03 2.818E+00 3.549E−01 3.655E+02 4.111E+02 1.247E−01 3.110E+02 3.369E+02 8.331E−02 4.929E+00 4.000E+02 2.400E+03 2.691E+00 3.716E−01 3.875E+02 4.265E+02 1.008E−01 3.163E+02 3.370E+02 6.537E−02 6.198E+00

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

4.000E+02 2.400E+03 2.691E+00 3.716E−01 3.875E+02 4.265E+02 1.008E−01 3.163E+02 3.370E+02 6.537E−02 6.198E+00 5.000E+02 3.000E+03 2.559E+00 3.907E−01 3.986E+02 4.313E+02 8.205E−02 3.130E+02 3.304E+02 5.568E−02 7.529E+00 6.000E+02 3.600E+03 2.431E+00 4.114E−01 4.030E+02 4.306E+02 6.828E−02 3.047E+02 3.210E+02 5.352E−02 8.937E+00 7.000E+02 4.200E+03 2.310E+00 4.330E−01 4.033E+02 4.269E+02 5.851E−02 2.941E+02 3.109E+02 5.701E−02 1.042E+01 8.000E+02 4.800E+03 2.196E+00 4.553E−01 4.008E+02 4.215E+02 5.177E−02 2.840E+02 3.015E+02 6.160E−02 1.198E+01 9.000E+02 5.400E+03 2.092E+00 4.781E−01 3.966E+02 4.153E+02 4.735E−02 2.745E+02 2.928E+02 6.679E−02 1.363E+01 1.000E+03 6.000E+03 1.995E+00 5.013E−01 3.912E+02 4.087E+02 4.469E−02 2.655E+02 2.848E+02 7.241E−02 1.535E+01 1.500E+03 9.000E+03 1.609E+00 6.213E−01 3.581E+02 3.748E+02 4.683E−02 2.280E+02 2.515E+02 1.033E−01 2.515E+01 2.000E+03 1.200E+04 1.341E+00 7.455E−01 3.253E+02 3.450E+02 6.080E−02 1.997E+02 2.266E+02 1.348E−01 3.692E+01 3.000E+03 1.800E+04 9.985E−01 1.001E+00 2.720E+02 2.987E+02 9.805E−02 1.604E+02 1.914E+02 1.934E−01 6.623E+01 4.000E+03 2.400E+04 7.900E−01 1.266E+00 2.330E+02 2.648E+02 1.368E−01 1.343E+02 1.672E+02 2.452E−01 1.031E+02 5.000E+03 3.000E+04 6.507E−01 1.537E+00 2.037E+02 2.390E+02 1.736E−01 1.157E+02 1.494E+02 2.911E−01 1.474E+02 6.000E+03 3.600E+04 5.514E−01 1.813E+00 1.810E+02 2.186E+02 2.077E−01 1.018E+02 1.356E+02 3.318E−01 1.991E+02 7.000E+03 4.200E+04 4.774E−01 2.095E+00 1.630E+02 2.019E+02 2.391E−01 9.101E+01 1.245E+02 3.683E−01 2.580E+02 8.000E+03 4.800E+04 4.202E−01 2.380E+00 1.483E+02 1.881E+02 2.680E−01 8.237E+01 1.154E+02 4.012E−01 3.240E+02 9.000E+03 5.400E+04 3.748E−01 2.668E+00 1.362E+02 1.763E+02 2.947E−01 7.530E+01 1.077E+02 4.309E−01 3.969E+02 1.000E+04 6.000E+04 3.379E−01 2.959E+00 1.260E+02 1.662E+02 3.194E−01 6.941E+01 1.012E+02 4.579E−01 4.768E+02 1.500E+04 9.000E+04 2.249E−01 4.446E+00 9.223E+01 1.310E+02 4.202E−01 5.032E+01 7.871E+01 5.642E−01 9.769E+02 2.000E+04 1.200E+05 1.675E−01 5.971E+00 7.326E+01 1.096E+02 4.962E−01 3.983E+01 6.530E+01 6.395E−01 1.640E+03 3.000E+04 1.800E+05 1.100E−01 9.092E+00 5.248E+01 8.434E+01 6.071E−01 2.852E+01 4.965E+01 7.411E−01 3.434E+03 4.000E+04 2.400E+05 8.142E−02 1.228E+01 4.120E+01 6.955E+01 6.878E−01 2.247E+01 4.061E+01 8.075E−01 5.832E+03 5.000E+04 3.000E+05 6.494E−02 1.540E+01 3.435E+01 5.979E+01 7.408E−01 1.874E+01 3.475E+01 8.541E−01 8.739E+03 6.000E+04 3.600E+05 5.415E−02 1.847E+01 2.966E+01 5.276E+01 7.788E−01 1.618E+01 3.057E+01 8.896E−01 1.214E+04 7.000E+04 4.200E+05 4.653E−02 2.149E+01 2.624E+01 4.744E+01 8.081E−01 1.430E+01 2.742E+01 9.177E−01 1.602E+04

9.000E+04 5.400E+05 3.650E−02 2.739E+01 2.156E+01 3.985E+01 8.485E−01 1.172E+01 2.296E+01 9.587E−01 2.506E+04 1.000E+05 6.000E+05 3.304E−02 3.027E+01 1.989E+01 3.704E+01 8.624E−01 1.080E+01 2.131E+01 9.739E−01 3.019E+04 1.500E+05 9.000E+05 2.279E−02 4.388E+01 1.472E+01 2.794E+01 8.980E−01 7.929E+00 1.601E+01 1.019E+00 6.119E+04 2.000E+05 1.200E+06 1.774E−02 5.636E+01 1.203E+01 2.290E+01 9.039E−01 6.430E+00 1.309E+01 1.036E+00 9.985E+04 3.000E+05 1.800E+06 1.275E−02 7.843E+01 9.229E+00 1.738E+01 8.827E−01 4.871E+00 9.899E+00 1.032E+00 1.952E+05 4.000E+05 2.400E+06 1.027E−02 9.741E+01 7.774E+00 1.435E+01 8.464E−01 4.064E+00 8.148E+00 1.005E+00 3.089E+05 5.000E+05 3.000E+06 8.776E−03 1.139E+02 6.877E+00 1.242E+01 8.067E−01 3.568E+00 7.027E+00 9.692E−01 4.365E+05 6.000E+05 3.600E+06 7.779E−03 1.286E+02 6.266E+00 1.108E+01 7.677E−01 3.233E+00 6.241E+00 9.302E−01 5.748E+05 7.000E+05 4.200E+06 7.064E−03 1.416E+02 5.824E+00 1.008E+01 7.307E−01 2.992E+00 5.657E+00 8.907E−01 7.216E+05 8.000E+05 4.800E+06 6.524E−03 1.533E+02 5.487E+00 9.308E+00 6.963E−01 2.810E+00 5.205E+00 8.522E−01 8.752E+05 9.000E+05 5.400E+06 6.103E−03 1.639E+02 5.223E+00 8.693E+00 6.643E−01 2.669E+00 4.844E+00 8.151E−01 1.034E+06 1.000E+06 6.000E+06 5.763E−03 1.735E+02 5.010E+00 8.191E+00 6.348E−01 2.555E+00 4.549E+00 7.799E−01 1.198E+06

BERYLLIUM-7 IONS: A=7 Z=4 (a) Instantaneous Data

∆M=15.77020MeV Mc2=6.5362E+03MeV

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

1.000E−01 7.000E−01 2.142E−07 0.000E+00 1.194E−01 8.373E+00 7.205E+01 7.205E+01 1.464E−02 9.517E+01 1.500E−01 1.050E+00 3.213E−07 0.000E+00 1.642E−01 6.092E+00 7.551E+01 7.551E+01 1.935E−02 8.478E+01 2.000E−01 1.400E+00 4.284E−07 0.000E+00 2.136E−01 4.681E+00 7.783E+01 7.783E+01 2.390E−02 7.841E+01 3.000E−01 2.100E+00 6.426E−07 0.000E+00 2.901E−01 3.447E+00 7.991E+01 7.991E+01 3.274E−02 7.064E+01 4.000E−01 2.800E+00 8.568E−07 0.000E+00 3.734E−01 2.678E+00 8.124E+01 8.124E+01 4.141E−02 6.587E+01 5.000E−01 3.500E+00 1.071E−06 0.000E+00 4.458E−01 2.243E+00 8.209E+01 8.209E+01 4.998E−02 6.255E+01 6.000E−01 4.200E+00 1.285E−06 0.000E+00 5.000E−01 2.000E+00 8.265E+01 8.265E+01 5.846E−02 6.006E+01 7.000E−01 4.900E+00 1.499E−06 0.000E+00 5.786E−01 1.728E+00 8.347E+01 8.347E+01 6.688E−02 5.810E+01 8.000E−01 5.600E+00 1.714E−06 0.000E+00 6.350E−01 1.575E+00 8.409E+01 8.409E+01 7.523E−02 5.650E+01 9.000E−01 6.300E+00 1.928E−06 0.000E+00 6.922E−01 1.445E+00 8.475E+01 8.475E+01 8.351E−02 5.516E+01 1.000E+00 7.000E+00 2.142E−06 0.000E+00 7.504E−01 1.333E+00 8.549E+01 8.549E+01 9.173E−02 5.402E+01 1.500E+00 1.050E+01 3.213E−06 0.000E+00 9.805E−01 1.020E+00 8.899E+01 8.899E+01 1.317E−01 5.006E+01 2.000E+00 1.400E+01 4.284E−06 0.000E+00 1.216E+00 8.220E−01 9.358E+01 9.358E+01 1.699E−01 4.764E+01 3.000E+00 2.100E+01 6.426E−06 0.000E+00 1.549E+00 6.456E−01 1.016E+02 1.016E+02 2.413E−01 4.468E+01 4.000E+00 2.800E+01 8.568E−06 0.000E+00 1.872E+00 5.342E−01 1.111E+02 1.111E+02 3.066E−01 4.286E+01 5.000E+00 3.500E+01 1.071E−05 0.000E+00 2.123E+00 4.710E−01 1.196E+02 1.196E+02 3.671E−01 4.160E+01 6.000E+00 4.200E+01 1.285E−05 0.000E+00 2.295E+00 4.358E−01 1.261E+02 1.261E+02 4.236E−01 4.065E+01 7.000E+00 4.900E+01 1.499E−05 0.000E+00 2.520E+00 3.968E−01 1.355E+02 1.355E+02 4.767E−01 3.990E+01 8.000E+00 5.600E+01 1.714E−05 0.000E+00 2.667E+00 3.750E−01 1.424E+02 1.424E+02 5.270E−01 3.929E+01 9.000E+00 6.300E+01 1.928E−05 0.000E+00 2.802E+00 3.569E−01 1.492E+02 1.492E+02 5.747E−01 3.878E+01 1.000E+01 7.000E+01 2.142E−05 0.000E+00 2.927E+00 3.416E−01 1.562E+02 1.562E+02 6.204E−01 3.835E+01 1.500E+01 1.050E+02 3.213E−05 0.000E+00 3.314E+00 3.018E−01 1.836E+02 1.836E+02 8.243E−01 3.684E+01 2.000E+01 1.400E+02 4.284E−05 0.000E+00 3.557E+00 2.811E−01 2.112E+02 2.112E+02 9.999E−01 3.592E+01 3.000E+01 2.100E+02 6.425E−05 0.000E+00 3.700E+00 2.703E−01 2.494E+02 2.494E+02 1.300E+00 3.479E+01 4.000E+01 2.800E+02 8.567E−05 0.000E+00 3.676E+00 2.721E−01 2.862E+02 2.862E+02 1.559E+00 3.410E+01 5.000E+01 3.500E+02 1.071E−04 0.000E+00 3.575E+00 2.797E−01 3.147E+02 3.089E+02 1.792E+00 3.362E+01 6.000E+01 4.200E+02 1.285E−04 0.000E+00 3.474E+00 2.878E−01 3.342E+02 3.184E+02 2.005E+00 3.326E+01 7.000E+01 4.900E+02 1.499E−04 0.000E+00 3.361E+00 2.975E−01 3.523E+02 3.274E+02 2.203E+00 3.298E+01 8.000E+01 5.600E+02 1.713E−04 0.000E+00 3.179E+00 3.146E−01 3.769E+02 3.399E+02 2.395E+00 3.274E+01 9.000E+01 6.300E+02 1.927E−04 0.000E+00 3.048E+00 3.281E−01 3.927E+02 3.479E+02 2.577E+00 3.255E+01 1.000E+02 7.000E+02 2.142E−04 0.000E+00 2.914E+00 3.431E−01 4.074E+02 3.552E+02 2.751E+00 3.238E+01 1.500E+02 1.050E+03 3.212E−04 0.000E+00 2.719E+00 3.677E−01 4.533E+02 3.759E+02 3.557E+00 3.181E+01 2.000E+02 1.400E+03 4.282E−04 0.000E+00 2.626E+00 3.808E−01 4.809E+02 3.822E+02 4.297E+00 3.146E+01 3.000E+02 2.100E+03 6.423E−04 1.397E+04 2.370E+00 4.219E−01 4.843E+02 3.605E+02 5.741E+00 3.103E+01

3.077E+01 E/A

keV/A E

keV ß2 z2/ß2 I

nm−1 mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

4.000E+02 2.800E+03 8.562E−04 1.154E+04 2.066E+00 4.841E−01 4.622E+02 3.172E+02 7.221E+00 3.077E+01 5.000E+02 3.500E+03 1.070E−03 1.035E+04 1.896E+00 5.275E−01 4.449E+02 2.885E+02 8.774E+00 3.058E+01 6.000E+02 4.200E+03 1.284E−03 9.013E+03 1.688E+00 5.923E−01 4.197E+02 2.495E+02 1.042E+01 3.045E+01 7.000E+02 4.900E+03 1.498E−03 8.205E+03 1.556E+00 6.427E−01 4.014E+02 2.276E+02 1.215E+01 3.034E+01 8.000E+02 5.600E+03 1.711E−03 7.196E+03 1.383E+00 7.228E−01 3.750E+02 2.107E+02 1.397E+01 3.025E+01 9.000E+02 6.300E+03 1.925E−03 6.599E+03 1.278E+00 7.825E−01 3.574E+02 1.998E+02 1.589E+01 3.018E+01 1.000E+03 7.000E+03 2.138E−03 6.342E+03 1.232E+00 8.119E−01 3.493E+02 1.948E+02 1.790E+01 3.011E+01 1.500E+03 1.050E+04 3.205E−03 4.503E+03 8.896E−01 1.124E+00 2.824E+02 1.549E+02 2.933E+01 2.990E+01 2.000E+03 1.400E+04 4.270E−03 3.624E+03 7.196E−01 1.390E+00 2.438E+02 1.327E+02 4.306E+01 2.976E+01 3.000E+03 2.100E+04 6.395E−03 2.470E+03 4.915E−01 2.035E+00 1.848E+02 9.955E+01 7.726E+01 2.960E+01 4.000E+03 2.800E+04 8.513E−03 1.943E+03 3.857E−01 2.593E+00 1.540E+02 8.257E+01 1.203E+02 2.950E+01 5.000E+03 3.500E+04 1.062E−02 1.566E+03 3.097E−01 3.228E+00 1.301E+02 6.956E+01 1.720E+02 2.943E+01 6.000E+03 4.200E+04 1.273E−02 1.283E+03 2.526E−01 3.959E+00 1.110E+02 5.924E+01 2.323E+02 2.938E+01 7.000E+03 4.900E+04 1.483E−02 1.125E+03 2.208E−01 4.530E+00 9.984E+01 5.324E+01 3.010E+02 2.933E+01 8.000E+03 5.600E+04 1.692E−02 9.968E+02 1.948E−01 5.134E+00 9.041E+01 4.820E+01 3.779E+02 2.930E+01 9.000E+03 6.300E+04 1.900E−02 8.406E+02 1.633E−01 6.125E+00 7.855E+01 4.188E+01 4.631E+02 2.927E+01 1.000E+04 7.000E+04 2.108E−02 7.983E+02 1.548E−01 6.462E+00 7.525E+01 4.013E+01 5.562E+02 2.925E+01 1.500E+04 1.050E+05 3.137E−02 5.225E+02 9.933E−02 1.007E+01 5.258E+01 2.816E+01 1.140E+03 2.917E+01 2.000E+04 1.400E+05 4.150E−02 4.060E+02 7.608E−02 1.314E+01 4.227E+01 2.276E+01 1.913E+03 2.911E+01 3.000E+04 2.100E+05 6.129E−02 2.674E+02 4.862E−02 2.057E+01 2.920E+01 1.594E+01 4.007E+03 2.905E+01 4.000E+04 2.800E+05 8.047E−02 2.091E+02 3.718E−02 2.690E+01 2.334E+01 1.291E+01 6.804E+03 2.901E+01 5.000E+04 3.500E+05 9.907E−02 1.691E+02 3.027E−02 3.304E+01 1.973E+01 1.074E+01 1.020E+04 2.899E+01 6.000E+04 4.200E+05 1.171E−01 1.398E+02 2.490E−02 4.017E+01 1.679E+01 9.113E+00 1.417E+04 2.897E+01 7.000E+04 4.900E+05 1.346E−01 1.237E+02 2.198E−02 4.550E+01 1.514E+01 8.195E+00 1.869E+04 2.895E+01 8.000E+04 5.600E+05 1.516E−01 1.106E+02 1.963E−02 5.095E+01 1.379E+01 7.438E+00 2.372E+04 2.894E+01 9.000E+04 6.300E+05 1.681E−01 9.982E+01 1.769E−02 5.654E+01 1.265E+01 6.800E+00 2.924E+04 2.893E+01 1.000E+05 7.000E+05 1.841E−01 9.067E+01 1.605E−02 6.229E+01 1.168E+01 6.254E+00 3.523E+04 2.892E+01 1.500E+05 1.050E+06 2.577E−01 6.315E+01 1.117E−02 8.954E+01 8.670E+00 4.562E+00 7.139E+04 2.889E+01 2.000E+05 1.400E+06 3.217E−01 5.161E+01 9.126E−03 1.096E+02 7.358E+00 3.826E+00 1.165E+05 2.887E+01 3.000E+05 2.100E+06 4.272E−01 3.797E+01 6.703E−03 1.492E+02 5.751E+00 2.935E+00 2.277E+05 2.885E+01 4.000E+05 2.800E+06 5.099E−01 3.230E+01 5.685E−03 1.759E+02 5.060E+00 2.558E+00 3.604E+05 2.883E+01 5.000E+05 3.500E+06 5.759E−01 2.845E+01 4.985E−03 2.006E+02 4.582E+00 2.302E+00 5.093E+05 2.882E+01 6.000E+05 4.200E+06 6.294E−01 2.567E+01 4.472E−03 2.236E+02 4.232E+00 2.120E+00 6.706E+05 2.881E+01 7.000E+05 4.900E+06 6.733E−01 2.428E+03 4.190E−03 2.387E+02 4.041E+00 2.022E+00 8.419E+05 2.881E+01 8.000E+05 5.600E+06 7.099E−01 2.297E+01 3.961E−03 2.525E+02 3.888E+00 1.946E+00 1.021E+06 2.880E+01 9.000E+05 6.300E+06 7.407E−01 2.199E+01 3.770E−03 2.652E+02 3.762E+00 1.885E+00 1.207E+06 2.880E+01 1.000E+06 7.000E+06 7.668E−01 2.117E+01 3.609E−03 2.771E+02 3.659E+00 1.837E+00 1.398E+06 2.879E+01

(b) Equilibrium Values

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

1.000E−01 7.000E−01 6.136E−02 1.630E+01 5.933E+01 6.140E+01 3.492E−02 5.933E+01 6.140E+01 3.492E−02 1.464E−02 1.500E−01 1.050E+00 8.621E−02 1.160E+01 6.371E+01 6.580E+01 3.277E−02 6.371E+01 6.580E+01 3.277E−02 1.935E−02 2.000E−01 1.400E+00 1.099E−01 9.099E+00 6.665E+01 6.866E+01 3.016E−02 6.665E+01 6.866E+01 3.016E−02 2.390E−02 3.000E−01 2.100E+00 1.547E−01 6.465E+00 7.041E+01 7.221E+01 2.555E−02 7.041E+01 7.221E+01 2.555E−02 3.274E−02 4.000E−01 2.800E+00 1.967E−01 5.083E+00 7.276E+01 7.437E+01 2.203E−02 7.276E+01 7.437E+01 2.203E−02 4.141E−02 5.000E−01 3.500E+00 2.366E−01 4.226E+00 7.441E+01 7.585E+01 1.938E−02 7.441E+01 7.585E+01 1.938E−02 4.998E−02 6.000E−01 4.200E+00 2.746E−01 3.642E+00 7.565E+01 7.697E+01 1.734E−02 7.565E+01 7.697E+01 1.734E−02 5.846E−02 7.000E−01 4.900E+00 3.109E−01 3.216E+00 7.665E+01 7.786E+01 1.576E−02 7.665E+01 7.786E+01 1.576E−02 6.688E−02

9.000E−01 6.300E+00 3.794E−01 2.635E+00 7.821E+01 7.926E+01 1.352E−02 7.821E+01 7.926E+01 1.352E−02 8.351E−02 1.000E+00 7.000E+00 4.118E−01 2.428E+00 7.886E+01 7.986E+01 1.272E−02 7.886E+01 7.986E+01 1.272E−02 9.173E−02 1.500E+00 1.050E+01 5.591E−01 1.788E+00 8.154E+01 8.240E+01 1.063E−02 8.154E+01 8.240E+01 1.063E−02 1.317E−01 2.000E+00 1.400E+01 6.873E−01 1.455E+00 8.384E+01 8.471E+01 1.033E−02 8.384E+01 8.471E+01 1.033E−02 1.699E−01 3.000E+00 2.100E+01 9.039E−01 1.106E+00 8.812E+01 8.921E+01 1.231E−02 8.812E+01 8.921E+01 1.231E−02 2.413E−01 4.000E+00 2.800E+01 1.084E+00 9.228E−01 9.220E+01 9.368E+01 1.606E−02 9.220E+01 9.368E+01 1.606E−02 3.066E−01 5.000E+00 3.500E+01 1.238E+00 8.081E−01 9.610E+01 9.808E+01 2.066E−02 9.610E+01 9.808E+01 2.066E−02 3.671E−01 6.000E+00 4.200E+01 1.372E+00 7.289E−01 9.983E+01 1.024E+02 2.565E−02 9.983E+01 1.024E+02 2.565E−02 4.236E−01 7.000E+00 4.900E+01 1.491E+00 6.707E−01 1.034E+02 1.066E+02 3.074E−02 1.034E+02 1.066E+02 3.074E−02 4.767E−01 8.000E+00 5.600E+01 1.598E+00 6.259E−01 1.069E+02 1.107E+02 3.581E−02 1.069E+02 1.107E+02 3.581E−02 5.270E−01 9.000E+00 6.300E+01 1.694E+00 5.904E−01 1.102E+02 1.147E+02 4.077E−02 1.102E+02 1.147E+02 4.077E−02 5.747E−01 1.000E+01 7.000E+01 1.781E+00 5.614E−01 1.134E+02 1.185E+02 4.557E−02 1.134E+02 1.185E+02 4.557E−02 6.204E−01 1.500E+01 1.050E+02 2.123E+00 4.710E−01 1.278E+02 1.363E+02 6.673E−02 1.278E+02 1.363E+02 6.673E−02 8.243E−01 2.000E+01 1.400E+02 2.359E+00 4.239E−01 1.404E+02 1.521E+02 8.346E−02 1.404E+02 1.521E+02 8.346E−02 9.999E−01 3.000E+01 2.100E+02 2.659E+00 3.761E−01 1.618E+02 1.792E+02 1.076E−01 1.618E+02 1.792E+02 1.076E−01 1.300E+00 4.000E+01 2.800E+02 2.832E+00 3.531E−01 1.799E+02 2.021E+02 1.235E−01 1.799E+02 2.021E+02 1.235E−01 1.559E+00 5.000E+01 3.500E+02 2.935E+00 3.407E−01 1.956E+02 2.219E+02 1.345E−01 1.955E+02 2.217E+02 1.338E−01 1.792E+00 6.000E+01 4.200E+02 2.997E+00 3.337E−01 2.097E+02 2.395E+02 1.422E−01 2.083E+02 2.367E+02 1.368E−01 2.005E+00 7.000E+01 4.900E+02 3.031E+00 3.299E−01 2.222E+02 2.550E+02 1.476E-01 2.188E+02 2.487E+02 1.364E−01 2.203E+00 8.000E+01 5.600E+02 3.048E+00 3.281E−01 2.340E+02 2.695E+02 1.514E−01 2.282E+02 2.590E+02 1.348E−01 2.395E+00 9.000E+01 6.300E+02 3.052E+00 3.276E−01 2.447E+02 2.824E+02 1.539E−01 2.364E+02 2.678E+02 1.326E−01 2.577E+00 1.000E+02 7.000E+02 3.047E+00 3.281E−01 2.547E+02 2.943E+02 1.555E−01 2.438E+02 2.755E+02 1.301E−01 2.751E+00 1.500E+02 1.050E+03 2.982E+00 3.354E−01 2.954E+02 3.411E+02 1.547E−01 2.719E+02 3.038E+02 1.175E−01 3.557E+00 2.000E+02 1.400E+03 2.929E+00 3.414E−01 3.255E+02 3.733E+02 1.467E−01 2.907E+02 3.212E+02 1.051E−01 4.297E+00 3.000E+02 2.100E+03 2.819E+00 3.547E−01 3.660E+02 4.111E+02 1.232E−01 3.114E+02 3.369E+02 8.187E−02 5.741E+00 4.000E+02 2.800E+03 2.692E+00 3.715E−01 3.879E+02 4.266E+02 9.959E−02 3.166E+02 3.370E+02 6.424E−02 7.221E+00

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

4.000E+02 2.800E+03 2.692E+00 3.715E−01 3.879E+02 4.266E+02 9.959E−02 3.166E+02 3.370E+02 6.424E−02 7.221E+00 5.000E+02 3.500E+03 2.560E+00 3.907E−01 3.990E+02 4.313E+02 8.108E−02 3.132E+02 3.303E+02 5.475E−02 8.774E+00 6.000E+02 4.200E+03 2.431E+00 4.114E−01 4.033E+02 4.306E+02 6.768E−02 3.048E+02 3.209E+02 5.299E−02 1.042E+01 7.000E+02 4.900E+03 2.310E+00 4.330E−01 4.036E+02 4.269E+02 5.782E−02 2.943E+02 3.109E+02 5.630E−02 1.215E+01 8.000E+02 5.600E+03 2.196E+00 4.553E−01 4.010E+02 4.216E+02 5.117E−02 2.842E+02 3.015E+02 6.100E−02 1.397E+01 9.000E+02 6.300E+03 2.091E+00 4.781E−01 3.968E+02 4.154E+02 4.682E−02 2.746E+02 2.928E+02 6.629E−02 1.589E+01 1.000E+03 7.000E+03 1.994E+00 5.014E−01 3.914E+02 4.087E+02 4.422E−02 2.656E+02 2.847E+02 7.198E−02 1.790E+01 1.500E+03 1.050E+04 1.609E+00 6.215E−01 3.582E+02 3.749E+02 4.657E−02 2.279E+02 2.514E+02 1.032E−01 2.933E+01 2.000E+03 1.400E+04 1.341E+00 7.457E−01 3.253E+02 3.450E+02 6.057E−02 1.997E+02 2.266E+02 1.347E−01 4.306E+01 3.000E+03 2.100E+04 9.982E−01 1.002E+00 2.720E+02 2.987E+02 9.797E−02 1.603E+02 1.913E+02 1.935E−01 7.726E+01 4.000E+03 2.800E+04 7.898E−01 1.266E+00 2.330E+02 2.648E+02 1.367E−01 1.342E+02 1.672E+02 2.453E−01 1.203E+02 5.000E+03 3.500E+04 6.505E−01 1.537E+00 2.037E+02 2.390E+02 1.735E−01 1.157E+02 1.494E+02 2.912E−01 1.720E+02 6.000E+03 4.200E+04 5.513E−01 1.814E+00 1.810E+02 2.186E+02 2.077E−01 1.018E+02 1.356E+02 3.321E−01 2.323E+02 7.000E+03 4.900E+04 4.773E−01 2.095E+00 1.630E+02 2.019E+02 2.391E−01 9.096E+01 1.245E+02 3.686E−01 3.010E+02 8.000E+03 5.600E+04 4.201E−01 2.380E+00 1.483E+02 1.881E+02 2.679E−01 8.233E+01 1.154E+02 4.014E−01 3.779E+02 9.000E+03 6.300E+04 3.747E−01 2.669E+00 1.362E+02 1.763E+02 2.946E−01 7.526E+01 1.077E+02 4.311E−01 4.631E+02 1.000E+04 7.000E+04 3.379E−01 2.960E+00 1.260E+02 1.662E+02 3.193E−01 6.937E+01 1.012E+02 4.582E−01 5.562E+02 1.500E+04 1.050E+05 2.249E−01 4.447E+00 9.223E+01 1.310E+02 4.203E−01 5.029E+01 7.868E+01 5.646E−01 1.140E+03 2.000E+04 1.400E+05 1.675E−01 5.972E+00 7.327E+01 1.096E+02 4.962E−01 3.980E+01 6.527E+01 6.399E−01 1.913E+03 3.000E+04 2.100E+05 1.100E−01 9.095E+00 5.248E+01 8.434E+01 6.072E−01 2.850E+01 4.963E+01 7.416E−01 4.007E+03 4.000E+04 2.800E+05 8.140E−02 1.228E+01 4.121E+01 6.954E+01 6.878E−01 2.245E+01 4.059E+01 8.078E−01 6.804E+03 5.000E+04 3.500E+05 6.497E−02 1.539E+01 3.437E+01 5.978E+01 7.394E−01 1.873E+01 3.473E+01 8.544E−01 1.020E+04 6.000E+04 4.200E+05 5.416E−02 1.846E+01 2.968E+01 5.276E+01 7.778E−01 1.617E+01 3.055E+01 8.900E−01 1.417E+04 7.000E+04 4.900E+05 4.654E−02 2.149E+01 2.625E+01 4.744E+01 8.072E−01 1.429E+01 2.740E+01 9.179E−01 1.869E+04

9.000E+04 6.300E+05 3.651E−02 2.739E+01 2.157E+01 3.985E+01 8.478E−01 1.171E+01 2.294E+01 9.589E−01 2.924E+04 1.000E+05 7.000E+05 3.304E−02 3.026E+01 1.989E+01 3.704E+01 8.619E−01 1.079E+01 2.130E+01 9.741E−01 3.523E+04 1.500E+05 1.050E+06 2.279E−02 4.388E+01 1.472E+01 2.794E+01 8.979E−01 7.924E+00 1.600E+01 1.020E+00 7.139E+04 2.000E+05 1.400E+06 1.774E−02 5.636E+01 1.203E+01 2.290E+01 9.039E−01 6.426E+00 1.309E+01 1.036E+00 1.165E+05 3.000E+05 2.100E+06 1.275E−02 7.843E+01 9.231E+00 1.738E+01 8.827E−01 4.869E+00 9.893E+00 1.032E+00 2.277E+05 4.000E+05 2.800E+06 1.027E−02 9.740E+01 7.775E+00 1.436E+01 8.464E−01 4.061E+00 8.143E+00 1.005E+00 3.604E+05 5.000E+05 3.500E+06 8.776E−03 1.140E+02 6.878E+00 1.243E+01 8.068E−01 3.567E+00 7.022E+00 9.689E−01 5.093E+05 6.000E+05 4.200E+06 7.778E−03 1.286E+02 6.267E+00 1.108E+01 7.678E−01 3.232E+00 6.237E+00 9.299E−01 6.706E+05 7.000E+05 4.900E+06 7.063E−03 1.416E+02 5.824E+00 1.008E+01 7.310E−01 2.991E+00 5.654E+00 8.905E−01 8.419E+05 8.000E+05 5.600E+06 6.524E−03 1.533E+02 5.488E+00 9.310E+00 6.965E−01 2.809E+00 5.202E+00 8.519E−01 1.021E+06 9.000E+05 6.300E+06 6.102E−03 1.639E+02 5.224E+00 8.694E+00 6.645E−01 2.668E+00 4.841E+00 8.147E−01 1.207E+06 1.000E+06 7.000E+06 5.763E−03 1.735E+02 5.010E+00 8.192E+00 6.349E−01 2.555E+00 4.546E+00 7.795E−01 1.398E+06

BERYLLIUM-8 IONS: A=8 Z=4 (a) Instantaneous Data

∆M=4.94176 MeV Mc2=7.4569E+03 MeV

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

1.000E−01 8.000E−01 2.146E−07 0.000E+00 1.185E−01 8.438E+00 7.572E+01 7.572E+01 1.548E−02 9.517E+01 1.500E−01 1.200E+00 3.218E−07 0.000E+00 1.629E−01 6.138E+00 7.909E+01 7.909E+01 2.061E−02 8.478E+01 2.000E−01 1.600E+00 4.291E−07 0.000E+00 2.120E−01 4.716E+00 8.125E+01 8.125E+01 2.558E−02 7.841E+01 3.000E−01 2.400E+00 6.437E−07 0.000E+00 2.880E−01 3.472E+00 8.305E+01 8.305E+01 3.528E−02 7.064E+01 4.000E−01 3.200E+00 8.583E−07 0.000E+00 3.708E−01 2.697E+00 8.407E+01 8.407E+01 4.483E−02 6.587E+01 5.000E−01 4.000E+00 1.073E−06 0.000E+00 4.427E−01 2.259E+00 8.467E+01 8.467E+01 5.431E−02 6.255E+01 6.000E−01 4.800E+00 1.287E−06 0.000E+00 4.965E−01 2.014E+00 8.506E+01 8.506E+01 6.372E−02 6.006E+01 7.000E−01 5.600E+00 1.502E−06 0.000E+00 5.747E−01 1.740E+00 8.564E+01 8.564E+01 7.308E−02 5.810E+01 8.000E−01 6.400E+00 1.717E−06 0.000E+00 6.308E−01 1.585E+00 8.611E+01 8.611E+01 8.239E−02 5.650E+01 9.000E−01 7.200E+00 1.931E−06 0.000E+00 6.876E−01 1.454E+00 8.663E+01 8.663E+01 9.164E−02 5.516E+01 1.000E+00 8.000E+00 2.146E−06 0.000E+00 7.455E−01 1.341E+00 8.724E+01 8.724E+01 1.008E-01 5.402E+01 1.500E+00 1.200E+01 3.218E−06 0.000E+00 9.744E−01 1.026E+00 9.030E+01 9.030E+01 1.458E−01 5.006E+01 2.000E+00 1.600E+01 4.291E−06 0.000E+00 1.209E+00 8.270E−01 9.455E+01 9.455E+01 1.889E−01 4.764E+01 3.000E+00 2.400E+01 6.437E−06 0.000E+00 1.540E+00 6.493E−01 1.022E+02 1.022E+02 2.696E−01 4.468E+01 4.000E+00 3.200E+01 8.583E−06 0.000E+00 1.862E+00 5.371E−01 1.114E+02 1.114E+02 3.438E−01 4.286E+01 5.000E+00 4.000E+01 1.073E−05 0.000E+00 2.113E+00 4.734E−01 1.198E+02 1.198E+02 4.126E−01 4.160E+01 6.000E+00 4.800E+01 1.287E−05 0.000E+00 2.284E+00 4.379E−01 1.261E+02 1.261E+02 4.769E−01 4.065E+01 7.000E+00 5.600E+01 1.502E−05 0.000E+00 2.509E+00 3.985E−01 1.355E+02 1.355E+02 5.374E−01 3.990E+01 8.000E+00 6.400E+01 1.717E−05 0.000E+00 2.655E+00 3.766E−01 1.422E+02 1.422E+02 5.947E−01 3.929E+01 9.000E+00 7.200E+01 1.931E−05 0.000E+00 2.791E+00 3.583E−01 1.490E+02 1.490E+02 6.492E−01 3.878E+01 1.000E+01 8.000E+01 2.146E−05 0.000E+00 2.916E+00 3.429E−01 1.559E+02 1.559E+02 7.013E−01 3.835E+01 1.500E+01 1.200E+02 3.218E−05 0.000E+00 3.304E+00 3.027E−01 1.830E+02 1.830E+02 9.340E−01 3.684E+01 2.000E+01 1.600E+02 4.291E−05 0.000E+00 3.549E+00 2.818E−01 2.105E+02 2.105E+02 1.135E+00 3.592E+01 3.000E+01 2.400E+02 6.437E−05 0.000E+00 3.696E+00 2.706E−01 2.486E+02 2.486E+02 1.478E+00 3.479E+01 4.000E+01 3.200E+02 8.582E−05 0.000E+00 3.675E+00 2.721E−01 2.852E+02 2.852E+02 1.774E+00 3.410E+01 5.000E+01 4.000E+02 1.073E−04 0.000E+00 3.577E+00 2.796E−01 3.136E+02 3.083E+02 2.039E+00 3.362E+01 6.000E+01 4.800E+02 1.287E−04 0.000E+00 3.477E+00 2.876E−01 3.331E+02 3.178E+02 2.283E+00 3.326E+01 7.000E+01 5.600E+02 1.502E−04 0.000E+00 3.311E+00 3.020E−01 3.589E+02 3.307E+02 2.512E+00 3.298E+01 8.000E+01 6.400E+02 1.716E−04 0.000E+00 3.185E+00 3.140E−01 3.757E+02 3.392E+02 2.729E+00 3.274E+01 9.000E+01 7.200E+02 1.931E−04 0.000E+00 3.054E+00 3.274E−01 3.915E+02 3.471E+02 2.936E+00 3.255E+01 1.000E+02 8.000E+02 2.145E−04 0.000E+00 2.921E+00 3.423E−01 4.062E+02 3.544E+02 3.136E+00 3.238E+01 1.500E+02 1.200E+03 3.218E−04 0.000E+00 2.719E+00 3.677E−01 4.523E+02 3.753E+02 4.056E+00 3.181E+01 2.000E+02 1.600E+03 4.290E−04 0.000E+00 2.629E+00 3.804E−01 4.803E+02 3.821E+02 4.907E+00 3.146E+01 3.000E+02 2.400E+03 6.434E−04 1.401E+04 2.377E+00 4.206E−01 4.847E+02 3.613E+02 6.552E+00 3.103E+01

3.077E+01 E/A

keV/A E

keV ß2 z2/ß2 I

nm−1 mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

4.000E+02 3.200E+03 8.577E−04 1.158E+04 2.074E+00 4.822E−01 4.631E+02 3.184E+02 8.242E+00 3.077E+01 5.000E+02 4.000E+03 1.072E−03 1.001E+04 1.846E+00 5.418E−01 4.393E+02 2.794E+02 1.002E+01 3.058E+01 6.000E+02 4.800E+03 1.286E−03 9.052E+03 1.696E+00 5.895E−01 4.209E+02 2.510E+02 1.190E+01 3.045E+01 7.000E+02 5.600E+03 1.500E−03 7.912E+03 1.508E+00 6.630E−01 3.945E+02 2.228E+02 1.387E+01 3.034E+01 8.000E+02 6.400E+03 1.714E−03 7.231E+03 1.391E+00 7.189E−01 3.764E+02 2.113E+02 1.596E+01 3.025E+01 9.000E+02 7.200E+03 1.928E−03 6.632E+03 1.285E+00 7.780E−01 3.588E+02 2.004E+02 1.815E+01 3.018E+01 1.000E+03 8.000E+03 2.142E−03 6.099E+03 1.189E+00 8.409E−01 3.418E+02 1.900E+02 2.044E+01 3.011E+01 1.500E+03 1.200E+04 3.211E−03 4.528E+03 8.956E−01 1.117E+00 2.838E+02 1.555E+02 3.352E+01 2.990E+01 2.000E+03 1.600E+04 4.278E−03 3.469E+03 6.903E−01 1.449E+00 2.367E+02 1.285E+02 4.921E+01 2.976E+01 3.000E+03 2.400E+04 6.406E−03 2.486E+03 4.953E−01 2.019E+00 1.859E+02 1.000E+02 8.828E+01 2.960E+01 4.000E+03 3.200E+04 8.528E−03 1.852E+03 3.680E−01 2.717E+00 1.486E+02 7.952E+01 1.375E+02 2.950E+01 5.000E+03 4.000E+04 1.064E−02 1.492E+03 2.952E−01 3.388E+00 1.254E+02 6.691E+01 1.966E+02 2.943E+01 6.000E+03 4.800E+04 1.275E−02 1.292E+03 2.548E−01 3.925E+00 1.118E+02 5.957E+01 2.655E+02 2.938E+01 7.000E+03 5.600E+04 1.485E−02 1.133E+03 2.227E−01 4.490E+00 1.006E+02 5.355E+01 3.440E+02 2.933E+01 8.000E+03 6.400E+04 1.695E−02 9.488E+02 1.854E−01 5.395E+00 8.694E+01 4.628E+01 4.319E+02 2.930E+01 9.000E+03 7.200E+04 1.903E−02 8.465E+02 1.647E−01 6.071E+00 7.912E+01 4.213E+01 5.292E+02 2.927E+01 1.000E+04 8.000E+04 2.112E−02 7.598E+02 1.472E−01 6.793E+00 7.231E+01 3.852E+01 6.357E+02 2.925E+01 1.500E+04 1.200E+05 3.142E−02 5.262E+02 1.002E-01 9.978E+00 5.298E+01 2.833E+01 1.303E+03 2.917E+01 2.000E+04 1.600E+05 4.157E−02 3.866E+02 7.233E−02 1.383E+01 4.056E+01 2.183E+01 2.186E+03 2.911E+01 3.000E+04 2.400E+05 6.139E−02 2.692E+02 4.906E−02 2.038E+01 2.942E+01 1.604E+01 4.579E+03 2.905E+01 4.000E+04 3.200E+05 8.060E−02 1.994E+02 3.533E−02 2.830E+01 2.237E+01 1.239E+01 7.776E+03 2.901E+01 5.000E+04 4.000E+05 9.923E−02 1.613E+02 2.888E−02 3.462E+01 1.899E+01 1.032E+01 1.165E+04 2.899E+01 6.000E+04 4.800E+05 1.173E−01 1.407E+02 2.510E−02 3.984E+01 1.690E+01 9.165E+00 1.619E+04 2.897E+01 7.000E+04 5.600E+05 1.348E−01 1.245E+02 2.216E−02 4.514E+01 1.524E+01 8.242E+00 2.136E+04 2.895E+01 8.000E+04 6.400E+05 1.518E−01 1.058E+02 1.878E−02 5.324E+01 1.330E+01 7.154E+00 2.711E+04 2.894E+01 9.000E+04 7.200E+05 1.684E−01 9.551E+01 1.694E−02 5.904E+01 1.221E+01 6.544E+00 3.342E+04 2.893E+01 1.000E+05 8.000E+05 1.844E−01 8.682E+01 1.539E−02 6.499E+01 1.128E+01 6.022E+00 4.026E+04 2.892E+01 1.500E+05 1.200E+06 2.580E−01 6.352E+01 1.125E−02 8.892E+01 8.721E+00 4.585E+00 8.159E+04 2.889E+01 2.000E+05 1.600E+06 3.221E−01 4.969E+01 8.796E−03 1.137E+02 7.144E+00 3.703E+00 1.331E+05 2.887E+01 3.000E+05 2.400E+06 4.277E−01 3.816E+01 6.742E−03 1.483E+02 5.779E+00 2.947E+00 2.602E+05 2.885E+01 4.000E+05 3.200E+06 5.104E−01 3.136E+01 5.520E−03 1.812E+02 4.948E+00 2.496E+00 4.119E+05 2.883E+01 5.000E+05 4.000E+06 5.764E−01 2.856E+01 5.009E−03 1.996E+02 4.599E+00 2.310E+00 5.820E+05 2.882E+01 6.000E+05 4.800E+06 6.299E−01 2.576E+01 4.491E−03 2.227E+02 4.245E+00 2.125E+00 7.664E+05 2.881E+01 7.000E+05 5.600E+06 6.738E−01 2.425E+01 4.207E−03 2.377E+02 4.053E+00 2.027E+00 9.621E+05 2.881E+01 8.000E+05 6.400E+06 7.104E−01 2.253E+01 3.878E−03 2.579E+02 3.833E+00 1.919E+00 1.167E+06 2.880E+01 9.000E+05 7.200E+06 7.412E−01 2.160E+01 3.696E−03 2.706E+02 3.715E+00 1.862E+00 1.379E+06 2.880E+01 1.000E+06 8.000E+06 7.673E−01 2.122E+01 3.621E−03 2.762E+02 3.666E+00 1.840E+00 1.597E+06 2.879E+01

(b) Equilibrium Values

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

1.000E−01 8.000E−01 6.091E−02 1.642E+01 6.251E+01 6.476E+01 3.605E−02 6.251E+01 6.476E+01 3.605E−02 1.548E−02 1.500E−01 1.200E+00 8.585E−02 1.165E+01 6.704E+01 6.926E+01 3.315E−02 6.704E+01 6.926E+01 3.315E−02 2.061E−02 2.000E−01 1.600E+00 1.097E−01 9.118E+00 7.003E+01 7.213E+01 3.005E−02 7.003E+01 7.213E+01 3.005E−02 2.558E−02 3.000E−01 2.400E+00 1.547E−01 6.463E+00 7.378E+01 7.562E+01 2.488E−02 7.378E+01 7.562E+01 2.488E−02 3.528E−02 4.000E−01 3.200E+00 1.971E−01 5.074E+00 7.606E+01 7.767E+01 2.107E−02 7.606E+01 7.767E+01 2.107E−02 4.483E−02 5.000E−01 4.000E+00 2.372E−01 4.216E+00 7.761E+01 7.903E+01 1.825E−02 7.761E+01 7.903E+01 1.825E−02 5.431E−02 6.000E−01 4.800E+00 2.755E−01 3.630E+00 7.876E+01 8.003E+01 1.611E−02 7.876E+01 8.003E+01 1.611E−02 6.372E−02 7.000E−01 5.600E+00 3.121E−01 3.204E+00 7.965E+01 8.080E+01 1.446E−02 7.965E+01 8.080E+01 1.446E−02 7.308E−02

9.000E−01 7.200E+00 3.811E−01 2.624E+00 8.103E+01 8.201E+01 1.213E−02 8.103E+01 8.201E+01 1.213E−02 9.164E−02 1.000E+00 8.000E+00 4.137E−01 2.417E+00 8.159E+01 8.252E+01 1.130E−02 8.159E+01 8.252E+01 1.130E−02 1.008E−01 1.500E+00 1.200E+01 5.621E−01 1.779E+00 8.393E+01 8.469E+01 9.044E−03 8.393E+01 8.469E+01 9.044E−03 1.458E−01 2.000E+00 1.600E+01 6.911E−01 1.447E+00 8.599E+01 8.673E+01 8.550E−03 8.599E+01 8.673E+01 8.550E−03 1.889E−01 3.000E+00 2.400E+01 9.089E−01 1.100E+00 8.995E+01 9.086E+01 1.012E-02 8.995E+01 9.086E+01 1.012E−02 2.696E−01 4.000E+00 3.200E+01 1.090E+00 9.178E−01 9.383E+01 9.510E+01 1.352E−02 9.383E+01 9.510E+01 1.352E−02 3.438E−01 5.000E+00 4.000E+01 1.244E+00 8.039E−01 9.759E+01 9.933E+01 1.784E−02 9.759E+01 9.933E+01 1.784E−02 4.126E−01 6.000E+00 4.800E+01 1.379E+00 7.253E−01 1.012E+02 1.035E+02 2.259E−02 1.012E+02 1.035E+02 2.259E−02 4.769E−01 7.000E+00 5.600E+01 1.498E+00 6.675E−01 1.047E+02 1.076E+02 2.751E−02 1.047E+02 1.076E+02 2.751E−02 5.374E−01 8.000E+00 6.400E+01 1.605E+00 6.231E−01 1.081E+02 1.116E+02 3.245E−02 1.081E+02 1.116E+02 3.245E−02 5.947E−01 9.000E+00 7.200E+01 1.701E+00 5.878E−01 1.114E+02 1.155E+02 3.730E−02 1.114E+02 1.155E+02 3.730E−02 6.492E−01 1.000E+01 8.000E+01 1.789E+00 5.590E−01 1.145E+02 1.193E+02 4.202E−02 1.145E+02 1.193E+02 4.202E−02 7.013E−01 1.500E+01 1.200E+02 2.131E+00 4.694E−01 1.288E+02 1.370E+02 6.299E−02 1.288E+02 1.370E+02 6.299E−02 9.340E−01 2.000E+01 1.600E+02 2.366E+00 4.226E−01 1.413E+02 1.526E+02 7.976E−02 1.413E+02 1.526E+02 7.976E−02 1.135E+00 3.000E+01 2.400E+02 2.665E+00 3.752E−01 1.627E+02 1.796E+02 1.040E−01 1.627E+02 1.796E+02 1.040E−01 1.478E+00 4.000E+01 3.200E+02 2.837E+00 3.524E−01 1.807E+02 2.024E+02 1.202E−01 1.807E+02 2.024E+02 1.202E−01 1.774E+00 5.000E+01 4.000E+02 2.940E+00 3.401E−01 1.964E+02 2.222E+02 1.314E−01 1.963E+02 2.219E+02 1.308E−01 2.039E+00 6.000E+01 4.800E+02 3.001E+00 3.332E−01 2.104E+02 2.397E+02 1.393E−01 2.090E+02 2.370E+02 1.339E−01 2.283E+00 7.000E+01 5.600E+02 3.035E+00 3.295E−01 2.231E+02 2.555E+02 1.449E−01 2.197E+02 2.490E+02 1.337E−01 2.512E+00 8.000E+01 6.400E+02 3.051E+00 3.278E−01 2.347E+02 2.696E+02 1.488E−01 2.289E+02 2.591E+02 1.321E−01 2.729E+00 9.000E+01 7.200E+02 3.055E+00 3.274E−01 2.454E+02 2.826E+02 1.514E−01 2.370E+02 2.679E+02 1.301E−01 2.936E+00 1.000E+02 8.000E+02 3.049E+00 3.279E−01 2.553E+02 2.944E+02 1.531E−01 2.444E+02 2.756E+02 1.278E−01 3.136E+00 1.500E+02 1.200E+03 2.982E+00 3.353E−01 2.960E+02 3.412E+02 1.528E−01 2.723E+02 3.038E+02 1.155E−01 4.056E+00 2.000E+02 1.600E+03 2.929E+00 3.415E−01 3.262E+02 3.736E+02 1.450E−01 2.911E+02 3.212E+02 1.034E−01 4.907E+00 3.000E+02 2.400E+03 2.819E+00 3.548E−01 3.665E+02 4.112E+02 1.220E−01 3.117E+02 3.368E+02 8.065E−02 6.552E+00 4.000E+02 3.200E+03 2.691E+00 3.716E−01 3.883E+02 4.266E+02 9.865E−02 3.168E+02 3.368E+02 6.331E−02 8.242E+00

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

4.000E+02 3.200E+03 2.691E+00 3.716E−01 3.883E+02 4.266E+02 9.865E−02 3.168E+02 3.368E+02 6.331E−02 8.242E+00 5.000E+02 4.000E+03 2.559E+00 3.908E−01 3.993E+02 4.314E+02 8.027E−02 3.133E+02 3.302E+02 5.399E−02 1.002E+01 6.000E+02 4.800E+03 2.430E+00 4.115E−01 4.037E+02 4.306E+02 6.682E−02 3.049E+02 3.208E+02 5.217E−02 1.190E+01 7.000E+02 5.600E+03 2.309E+00 4.332E−01 4.038E+02 4.269E+02 5.726E−02 2.943E+02 3.107E+02 5.587E−02 1.387E+01 8.000E+02 6.400E+03 2.195E+00 4.555E−01 4.013E+02 4.216E+02 5.070E−02 2.841E+02 3.013E+02 6.068E−02 1.596E+01 9.000E+02 7.200E+03 2.090E+00 4.784E−01 3.970E+02 4.154E+02 4.641E−02 2.745E+02 2.926E+02 6.604E−02 1.815E+01 1.000E+03 8.000E+03 1.993E+00 5.016E−01 3.915E+02 4.087E+02 4.386E−02 2.655E+02 2.845E+02 7.180E−02 2.044E+01 1.500E+03 1.200E+04 1.608E+00 6.219E−01 3.583E+02 3.749E+02 4.635E−02 2.278E+02 2.513E+02 1.032E−01 3.352E+01 2.000E+03 1.600E+04 1.340E+00 7.461E−01 3.254E+02 3.451E+02 6.044E−02 1.995E+02 2.264E+02 1.349E−01 4.921E+01 3.000E+03 2.400E+04 9.977E−01 1.002E+00 2.721E+02 2.987E+02 9.790E−02 1.601E+02 1.912E+02 1.938E−01 8.828E+01 4.000E+03 3.200E+04 7.894E−01 1.267E+00 2.330E+02 2.649E+02 1.367E−01 1.341E+02 1.670E+02 2.457E−01 1.375E+02 5.000E+03 4.000E+04 6.502E−01 1.538E+00 2.037E+02 2.390E+02 1.735E−01 1.155E+02 1.492E+02 2.916E−01 1.966E+02 6.000E+03 4.800E+04 5.510E−01 1.815E+00 1.810E+02 2.186E+02 2.077E−01 1.016E+02 1.354E+02 3.325E−01 2.655E+02 7.000E+03 5.600E+04 4.770E−01 2.096E+00 1.630E+02 2.019E+02 2.390E−01 9.085E+01 1.244E+02 3.690E−01 3.440E+02 8.000E+03 6.400E+04 4.199E−01 2.382E+00 1.483E+02 1.881E+02 2.680E−01 8.222E+01 1.153E+02 4.018E−01 4.319E+02 9.000E+03 7.200E+04 3.745E−01 2.670E+00 1.362E+02 1.763E+02 2.946E−01 7.516E+01 1.076E+02 4.316E−01 5.292E+02 1.000E+04 8.000E+04 3.377E−01 2.961E+00 1.260E+02 1.662E+02 3.193E−01 6.928E+01 1.011E+02 4.586E−01 6.357E+02 1.500E+04 1.200E+05 2.248E−01 4.449E+00 9.223E+01 1.310E+02 4.203E−01 5.022E+01 7.860E+01 5.651E−01 1.303E+03 2.000E+04 1.600E+05 1.674E−01 5.974E+00 7.327E+01 1.096E+02 4.962E−01 3.975E+01 6.520E+01 6.403E−01 2.186E+03 3.000E+04 2.400E+05 1.099E−01 9.098E+00 5.248E+01 8.434E+01 6.073E−01 2.846E+01 4.958E+01 7.421E−01 4.579E+03 4.000E+04 3.200E+05 8.137E−02 1.229E+01 4.121E+01 6.955E+01 6.877E−01 2.242E+01 4.055E+01 8.083E−01 7.776E+03 5.000E+04 4.000E+05 6.496E−02 1.539E+01 3.438E+01 5.978E+01 7.388E−01 1.870E+01 3.469E+01 8.548E−01 1.165E+04 6.000E+04 4.800E+05 5.415E−02 1.847E+01 2.968E+01 5.276E+01 7.774E−01 1.614E+01 3.052E+01 8.905E−01 1.619E+04 7.000E+04 5.600E+05 4.653E−02 2.149E+01 2.626E+01 4.744E+01 8.068E−01 1.427E+01 2.737E+01 9.184E−01 2.136E+04 8.000E+04 6.400E+05 4.087E−02 2.447E+01 2.364E+01 4.325E+01 8.297E−01 1.283E+01 2.491E+01 9.409E−01 2.711E+04 9.000E+04 7.200E+05 3.650E−02 2.739E+01 2.157E+01 3.986E+01 8.476E−01 1.170E+01 2.292E+01 9.593E−01 3.342E+04 1.000E+05 8.000E+05 3.304E−02 3.027E+01 1.990E+01 3.704E+01 8.617E−01 1.077E+01 2.127E+01 9.745E−01 4.026E+04

2.000E+05 1.600E+06 1.774E−02 5.637E+01 1.203E+01 2.291E+01 9.038E−01 6.418E+00 1.307E+01 1.036E+00 1.331E+05 3.000E+05 2.400E+06 1.275E−02 7.845E+01 9.231E+00 1.738E+01 8.828E−01 4.863E+00 9.880E+00 1.032E+00 2.602E+05 4.000E+05 3.200E+06 1.026E−02 9.743E+01 7.775E+00 1.436E+01 8.465E−01 4.057E+00 8.132E+00 1.004E+00 4.119E+05 5.000E+05 4.000E+06 8.773E−03 1.140E+02 6.877E+00 1.243E+01 8.071E−01 3.562E+00 7.013E+00 9.686E−01 5.820E+05 6.000E+05 4.800E+06 7.776E−03 1.286E+02 6.267E+00 1.108E+01 7.681E−01 3.228E+00 6.229E+00 9.295E−01 7.664E+05 7.000E+05 5.600E+06 7.061E−03 1.416E+02 5.824E+00 1.008E+01 7.311E−01 2.988E+00 5.647E+00 8.898E−01 9.621E+05 8.000E+05 6.400E+06 6.522E−03 1.533E+02 5.488E+00 9.310E+00 6.966E−01 2.807E+00 5.195E+00 8.512E−01 1.167E+06 9.000E+05 7.200E+06 6.101E−03 1.639E+02 5.224E+00 8.695E+00 6.646E−01 2.665E+00 4.835E+00 8.139E−01 1.379E+06 1.000E+06 8.000E+06 5.762E−03 1.736E+02 5.011E+00 8.192E+00 6.349E−01 2.553E+00 4.540E+00 7.786E−01 1.597E+06

BERYLLIUM-9 IONS: A=9 Z=4 (a) Instantaneous Data

∆M=11.34804 MeV Mc2=8.3948E+03 MeV

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

1.000E−01 9.000E−01 2.144E−07 0.000E+00 1.184E−01 8.446E+00 7.910E+01 7.910E+01 1.630E−02 9.517E+01 1.500E−01 1.350E+00 3.216E−07 0.000E+00 1.628E−01 6.144E+00 8.236E+01 8.236E+01 2.184E−02 8.478E+01 2.000E−01 1.800E+00 4.288E−07 0.000E+00 2.119E−01 4.720E+00 8.435E+01 8.435E+01 2.722E−02 7.841E+01 3.000E−01 2.700E+00 6.433E−07 0.000E+00 2.878E−01 3.475E+00 8.587E+01 8.587E+01 3.776E−02 7.064E+01 4.000E−01 3.600E+00 8.577E−07 0.000E+00 3.705E−01 2.699E+00 8.660E+01 8.660E+01 4.818E−02 6.587E+01 5.000E−01 4.500E+00 1.072E−06 0.000E+00 4.424E−01 2.261E+00 8.696E+01 8.696E+01 5.854E−02 6.255E+01 6.000E−01 5.400E+00 1.287E−06 0.000E+00 4.961E−01 2.016E+00 8.719E+01 8.719E+01 6.887E−02 6.006E+01 7.000E−01 6.300E+00 1.501E−06 0.000E+00 5.742E−01 1.742E+00 8.757E+01 8.757E+01 7.916E−02 5.810E+01 8.000E−01 7.200E+00 1.715E−06 0.000E+00 6.303E−01 1.587E+00 8.791E+01 8.791E+01 8.942E−02 5.650E+01 9.000E−01 8.100E+00 1.930E−06 0.000E+00 6.871E−01 1.455E+00 8.831E+01 8.831E+01 9.962E−02 5.516E+01 1.000E+00 9.000E+00 2.144E−06 0.000E+00 7.449E−01 1.342E+00 8.880E+01 8.880E+01 1.098E−01 5.402E+01 1.500E+00 1.350E+01 3.216E−06 0.000E+00 9.736E−01 1.027E+00 9.150E+01 9.150E+01 1.596E−01 5.006E+01 2.000E+00 1.800E+01 4.288E−06 0.000E+00 1.208E+00 8.276E−01 9.549E+01 9.549E+01 2.075E−01 4.764E+01 3.000E+00 2.700E+01 6.433E−06 0.000E+00 1.539E+00 6.497E−01 1.029E+02 1.029E+02 2.976E−01 4.468E+01 4.000E+00 3.600E+01 8.577E−06 0.000E+00 1.861E+00 5.374E−01 1.119E+02 1.119E+02 3.806E−01 4.286E+01 5.000E+00 4.500E+01 1.072E−05 0.000E+00 2.111E+00 4.736E−01 1.202E+02 1.202E+02 4.577E−01 4.160E+01 6.000E+00 5.400E+01 1.286E−05 0.000E+00 2.282E+00 4.381E−01 1.265E+02 1.265E+02 5.299E−01 4.065E+01 7.000E+00 6.300E+01 1.501E−05 0.000E+00 2.508E+00 3.987E−01 1.357E+02 1.357E+02 5.977E−01 3.990E+01 8.000E+00 7.200E+01 1.715E−05 0.000E+00 2.654E+00 3.767E−01 1.424E+02 1.424E+02 6.620E−01 3.929E+01 9.000E+00 8.100E+01 1.930E−05 0.000E+00 2.790E+00 3.584E−01 1.492E+02 1.492E+02 7.232E−01 3.878E+01 1.000E+01 9.000E+01 2.144E−05 0.000E+00 2.915E+00 3.430E−01 1.560E+02 1.560E+02 7.817E−01 3.835E+01 1.500E+01 1.350E+02 3.216E−05 0.000E+00 3.303E+00 3.027E−01 1.831E+02 1.831E+02 1.043E+00 3.684E+01 2.000E+01 1.800E+02 4.288E−05 0.000E+00 3.549E+00 2.818E−01 2.105E+02 2.105E+02 1.269E+00 3.592E+01 3.000E+01 2.700E+02 6.432E−05 0.000E+00 3.697E+00 2.705E−01 2.485E+02 2.485E+02 1.655E+00 3.479E+01 4.000E+01 3.600E+02 8.576E−05 0.000E+00 3.677E+00 2.720E−01 2.851E+02 2.851E+02 1.987E+00 3.410E+01 5.000E+01 4.500E+02 1.072E−04 0.000E+00 3.579E+00 2.794E−01 3.135E+02 3.083E+02 2.286E+00 3.362E+01 6.000E+01 5.400E+02 1.286E−04 0.000E+00 3.479E+00 2.874E−01 3.330E+02 3.178E+02 2.558E+00 3.326E+01 7.000E+01 6.300E+02 1.501E−04 0.000E+00 3.314E+00 3.018E−01 3.588E+02 3.307E+02 2.818E+00 3.298E+01 8.000E+01 7.200E+02 1.715E−04 0.000E+00 3.187E+00 3.137E−01 3.756E+02 3.392E+02 3.062E+00 3.274E+01 9.000E+01 8.100E+02 1.929E−04 0.000E+00 3.057E+00 3.271E−01 3.914E+02 3.471E+02 3.295E+00 3.255E+01 1.000E+02 9.000E+02 2.144E−04 0.000E+00 2.924E+00 3.419E−01 4.061E+02 3.545E+02 3.520E+00 3.238E+01 1.500E+02 1.350E+03 3.216E−04 0.000E+00 2.720E+00 3.676E−01 4.522E+02 3.754E+02 4.555E+00 3.181E+01 2.000E+02 1.800E+03 4.287E−04 0.000E+00 2.630E+00 3.803E−01 4.803E+02 3.822E+02 5.512E+00 3.146E+01 3.000E+02 2.700E+03 6.429E−04 1.403E+04 2.379E+00 4.204E−01 4.848E+02 3.615E+02 7.363E+00 3.103E+01 4.000E+02 3.600E+03 8.571E−04 1.160E+04 2.075E+00 4.818E−01 4.632E+02 3.187E+02 9.264E+00 3.077E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

4.000E+02 3.600E+03 8.571E−04 1.160E+04 2.075E+00 4.818E−01 4.632E+02 3.187E+02 9.264E+00 3.077E+01 5.000E+02 4.500E+03 1.071E−03 1.002E+04 1.847E+00 5.414E−01 4.395E+02 2.797E+02 1.127E+01 3.058E+01 6.000E+02 5.400E+03 1.285E−03 9.066E+03 1.698E+00 5.890E−01 4.211E+02 2.513E+02 1.338E+01 3.045E+01 7.000E+02 6.300E+03 1.499E−03 7.924E+03 1.510E+00 6.624E−01 3.947E+02 2.231E+02 1.560E+01 3.034E+01

9.000E+02 8.100E+03 1.927E−03 6.642E+03 1.287E+00 7.773E−01 3.590E+02 2.006E+02 2.041E+01 3.018E+01 1.000E+03 9.000E+03 2.141E−03 6.109E+03 1.190E+00 8.400E−01 3.420E+02 1.902E+02 2.299E+01 3.011E+01 1.500E+03 1.350E+04 3.209E−03 4.535E+03 8.965E−01 1.115E+00 2.839E+02 1.557E+02 3.770E+01 2.990E+01 2.000E+03 1.800E+04 4.275E−03 3.475E+03 6.910E−01 1.447E+00 2.369E+02 1.287E+02 5.535E+01 2.976E+01 3.000E+03 2.700E+04 6.402E−03 2.491E+03 4.959E−01 2.016E+00 1.861E+02 1.002E+02 9.931E+01 2.960E+01 4.000E+03 3.600E+04 8.522E−03 1.856E+03 3.685E−01 2.714E+00 1.487E+02 7.963E+01 1.546E+02 2.950E+01 5.000E+03 4.500E+04 1.064E−02 1.494E+03 2.956E−01 3.384E+00 1.255E+02 6.700E+01 2.211E+02 2.943E+01 6.000E+03 5.400E+04 1.274E−02 1.294E+03 2.551E−01 3.920E+00 1.119E+02 5.966E+01 2.986E+02 2.938E+01 7.000E+03 6.300E+04 1.484E−02 1.073E+03 2.104E−01 4.752E+00 9.614E+01 5.122E+01 3.869E+02 2.933E+01 8.000E+03 7.200E+04 1.694E−02 9.505E+02 1.856E−01 5.388E+00 8.702E+01 4.635E+01 4.859E+02 2.930E+01 9.000E+03 8.100E+04 1.902E−02 8.480E+02 1.649E−01 6.064E+00 7.920E+01 4.219E+01 5.954E+02 2.927E+01 1.000E+04 9.000E+04 2.110E−02 7.612E+02 1.474E−01 6.784E+00 7.238E+01 3.857E+01 7.151E+02 2.925E+01 1.500E+04 1.350E+05 3.140E−02 5.271E+02 1.004E-01 9.965E+00 5.303E+01 2.837E+01 1.465E+03 2.917E+01 2.000E+04 1.800E+05 4.154E−02 3.872E+02 7.242E−02 1.381E+01 4.060E+01 2.186E+01 2.460E+03 2.911E+01 3.000E+04 2.700E+05 6.135E−02 2.697E+02 4.912E−02 2.036E+01 2.945E+01 1.606E+01 5.151E+03 2.905E+01 4.000E+04 3.600E+05 8.055E−02 1.997E+02 3.538E−02 2.826E+01 2.239E+01 1.241E+01 8.748E+03 2.901E+01 5.000E+04 4.500E+05 9.917E−02 1.616E+02 2.892E−02 3.458E+01 1.900E+01 1.033E+01 1.311E+04 2.899E+01 6.000E+04 5.400E+05 1.172E−01 1.409E+02 2.513E−02 3.979E+01 1.692E+01 9.178E+00 1.822E+04 2.897E+01 7.000E+04 6.300E+05 1.347E−01 1.247E+02 2.218E−02 4.508E+01 1.526E+01 8.254E+00 2.403E+04 2.895E+01 8.000E+04 7.200E+05 1.517E−01 1.060E+02 1.880E−02 5.318E+01 1.331E+01 7.164E+00 3.050E+04 2.894E+01 9.000E+04 8.100E+05 1.683E−01 9.566E+01 1.696E−02 5.897E+01 1.222E+01 6.553E+00 3.760E+04 2.893E+01 1.000E+05 9.000E+05 1.843E−01 8.695E+01 1.540E−02 6.492E+01 1.129E+01 6.030E+00 4.529E+04 2.892E+01 1.500E+05 1.350E+06 2.579E−01 6.361E+01 1.126E−02 8.883E+01 8.728E+00 4.591E+00 9.179E+04 2.889E+01 2.000E+05 1.800E+06 3.219E−01 4.976E+01 8.804E−03 1.136E+02 7.149E+00 3.707E+00 1.498E+05 2.887E+01 3.000E+05 2.700E+06 4.275E−01 3.820E+01 6.748E−03 1.482E+02 5.782E+00 2.950E+00 2.928E+05 2.885E+01 4.000E+05 3.600E+06 5.102E−01 3.139E+01 5.524E−03 1.810E+02 4.950E+00 2.498E+00 4.634E+05 2.883E+01 5.000E+05 4.500E+06 5.762E−01 2.859E+01 5.012E−03 1.995E+02 4.601E+00 2.312E+00 6.548E+05 2.882E+01 6.000E+05 5.400E+06 6.297E−01 2.578E+01 4.494E−03 2.225E+02 4.247E+00 2.127E+00 8.623E+05 2.881E+01 7.000E+05 6.300E+06 6.736E−01 2.426E+01 4.209E−03 2.376E+02 4.064E+00 2.028E+00 1.082E+06 2.881E+01 8.000E+05 7.200E+06 7.102E−01 2.254E+01 3.880E−03 2.577E+02 3.835E+00 1.920E+00 1.313E+06 2.880E+01 9.000E+05 8.100E+06 7.410E−01 2.161E+01 3.698E−03 2.704E+02 3.716E+00 1.863E+00 1.551E+06 2.880E+01 1.000E+06 9.000E+06 7.671E−01 2.123E+01 3.622E−03 2.761E+02 3.667E+00 1.841E+00 1.797E+06 2.879E+01

(b) Equilibrium Values

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

1.000E−01 9.000E−01 6.057E−02 1.651E+01 6.541E+01 6.783E+01 3.694E−02 6.541E+01 6.783E+01 3.694E−02 1.630E−02 1.500E−01 1.350E+00 8.560E−02 1.168E+01 7.007E+01 7.241E+01 3.338E−02 7.007E+01 7.241E+01 3.338E−02 2.184E−02 2.000E−01 1.800E+00 1.095E−01 9.130E+00 7.309E+01 7.528E+01 2.988E−02 7.309E+01 7.528E+01 2.988E−02 2.722E−02 3.000E−01 2.700E+00 1.548E−01 6.460E+00 7.682E+01 7.869E+01 2.426E−02 7.682E+01 7.869E+01 2.426E−02 3.776E−02 4.000E−01 3.600E+00 1.974E−01 5.066E+00 7.902E+01 8.062E+01 2.023E−02 7.902E+01 8.062E+01 2.023E−02 4.818E−02 5.000E−01 4.500E+00 2.378E−01 4.205E+00 8.048E+01 8.187E+01 1.729E−02 8.048E+01 8.187E+01 1.729E−02 5.854E−02 6.000E−01 5.400E+00 2.763E−01 3.620E+00 8.152E+01 8.275E+01 1.509E−02 8.152E+01 8.275E+01 1.509E−02 6.887E−02 7.000E−01 6.300E+00 3.131E−01 3.193E+00 8.232E+01 8.343E+01 1.340E−02 8.232E+01 8.343E+01 1.340E−02 7.916E−02 8.000E−01 7.200E+00 3.485E−01 2.869E+00 8.297E+01 8.397E+01 1.208E−02 8.297E+01 8.397E+01 1.208E−02 8.942E−02 9.000E−01 8.100E+00 3.826E−01 2.614E+00 8.352E+01 8.444E+01 1.103E−02 8.352E+01 8.444E+01 1.103E−02 9.962E−02 1.000E+00 9.000E+00 4.154E−01 2.407E+00 8.401E+01 8.487E+01 1.019E−02 8.401E+01 8.487E+01 1.019E−02 1.098E−01 1.500E+00 1.350E+01 5.646E−01 1.771E+00 8.603E+01 8.670E+01 7.841E−03 8.603E+01 8.670E+01 7.841E−03 1.596E−01 2.000E+00 1.800E+01 6.944E−01 1.440E+00 8.786E+01 8.850E+01 7.209E−03 8.786E+01 8.850E+01 7.209E−03 2.075E−01 3.000E+00 2.700E+01 9.133E−01 1.095E+00 9.153E+01 9.231E+01 8.458E−03 9.153E+01 9.231E+01 8.458E−03 2.976E−01 4.000E+00 3.600E+01 1.095E+00 9.136E−01 9.523E+01 9.633E+01 1.155E−02 9.523E+01 9.633E+01 1.155E−02 3.806E−01 5.000E+00 4.500E+01 1.250E+00 8.003E−01 9.887E+01 1.004E+02 1.561E−02 9.887E+01 1.004E+02 1.561E−02 4.577E−01 6.000E+00 5.400E+01 1.385E+00 7.222E−01 1.024E+02 1.045E+02 2.016E−02 1.024E+02 1.045E+02 2.016E−02 5.299E−01 7.000E+00 6.300E+01 1.504E+00 6.647E−01 1.058E+02 1.085E+02 2.492E−02 1.058E+02 1.085E+02 2.492E−02 5.977E−01 8.000E+00 7.200E+01 1.611E+00 6.206E−01 1.092E+02 1.124E+02 2.974E−02 1.092E+02 1.124E+02 2.974E−02 6.620E−01

1.000E+01 9.000E+01 1.796E+00 5.569E−01 1.155E+02 1.200E+02 3.914E−02 1.155E+02 1.200E+02 3.914E−02 7.817E−01 1.500E+01 1.350E+02 2.138E+00 4.678E−01 1.297E+02 1.375E+02 5.995E−02 1.297E+02 1.375E+02 5.995E−02 1.043E+00 2.000E+01 1.800E+02 2.374E+00 4.213E−01 1.421E+02 1.530E+02 7.671E−02 1.421E+02 1.530E+02 7.671E−02 1.269E+00 3.000E+01 2.700E+02 2.672E+00 3.742E−01 1.634E+02 1.799E+02 1.011E-01 1.634E+02 1.799E+02 1.011E−01 1.655E+00 4.000E+01 3.600E+02 2.844E+00 3.516E−01 1.813E+02 2.026E+02 1.175E−01 1.813E+02 2.026E+02 1.175E−01 1.987E+00 5.000E+01 4.500E+02 2.946E+00 3.394E−01 1.970E+02 2.224E+02 1.288E−01 1.969E+02 2.222E+02 1.283E−01 2.286E+00 6.000E+01 5.400E+02 3.006E+00 3.326E−01 2.109E+02 2.397E+02 1.368E−01 2.095E+02 2.370E+02 1.315E−01 2.558E+00 7.000E+01 6.300E+02 3.041E+00 3.289E−01 2.237E+02 2.556E+02 1.425E−01 2.202E+02 2.492E+02 1.314E−01 2.818E+00 8.000E+01 7.200E+02 3.056E+00 3.272E−01 2.353E+02 2.698E+02 1.466E−01 2.295E+02 2.593E+02 1.301E−01 3.062E+00 9.000E+01 8.100E+02 3.060E+00 3.268E−01 2.460E+02 2.827E+02 1.493E−01 2.376E+02 2.680E+02 1.281E−01 3.295E+00 1.000E+02 9.000E+02 3.054E+00 3.274E−01 2.558E+02 2.945E+02 1.511E−01 2.449E+02 2.757E+02 1.259E−01 3.520E+00 1.500E+02 1.350E+03 2.986E+00 3.349E−01 2.965E+02 3.413E+02 1.512E−01 2.728E+02 3.039E+02 1.141E−01 4.555E+00 2.000E+02 1.800E+03 2.932E+00 3.411E−01 3.267E+02 3.736E+02 1.437E−01 2.916E+02 3.214E+02 1.022E−01 5.512E+00 3.000E+02 2.700E+03 2.821E+00 3.545E−01 3.668E+02 4.112E+02 1.210E−01 3.120E+02 3.369E+02 7.974E−02 7.363E+00 4.000E+02 3.600E+03 2.693E+00 3.714E−01 3.886E+02 4.266E+02 9.785E−02 3.171E+02 3.369E+02 6.259E−02 9.264E+00

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

4.000E+02 3.600E+03 2.693E+00 3.714E−01 3.886E+02 4.266E+02 9.785E−02 3.171E+02 3.369E+02 6.259E−02 9.264E+00 5.000E+02 4.500E+03 2.560E+00 3.906E−01 3.996E+02 4.314E+02 7.963E−02 3.135E+02 3.303E+02 5.340E−02 1.127E+01 6.000E+02 5.400E+03 2.431E+00 4.113E−01 4.039E+02 4.307E+02 6.628E−02 3.051E+02 3.209E+02 5.167E−02 1.338E+01 7.000E+02 6.300E+03 2.310E+00 4.330E−01 4.040E+02 4.270E+02 5.680E−02 2.945E+02 3.108E+02 5.544E−02 1.560E+01 8.000E+02 7.200E+03 2.196E+00 4.553E−01 4.014E+02 4.216E+02 5.031E−02 2.843E+02 3.014E+02 6.030E−02 1.794E+01 9.000E+02 8.100E+03 2.091E+00 4.782E−01 3.971E+02 4.154E+02 4.607E−02 2.747E+02 2.927E+02 6.570E−02 2.041E+01 1.000E+03 9.000E+03 1.994E+00 5.015E−01 3.917E+02 4.087E+02 4.355E−02 2.656E+02 2.846E+02 7.147E−02 2.299E+01 1.500E+03 1.350E+04 1.609E+00 6.217E−01 3.583E+02 3.749E+02 4.617E−02 2.279E+02 2.513E+02 1.029E−01 3.770E+01 2.000E+03 1.800E+04 1.341E+00 7.459E−01 3.254E+02 3.451E+02 6.032E−02 1.996E+02 2.265E+02 1.347E−01 5.535E+01 3.000E+03 2.700E+04 9.979E−01 1.002E+00 2.721E+02 2.987E+02 9.782E−02 1.602E+02 1.912E+02 1.936E−01 9.931E+01 4.000E+03 3.600E+04 7.895E−01 1.267E+00 2.330E+02 2.649E+02 1.366E−01 1.342E+02 1.671E+02 2.455E−01 1.546E+02 5.000E+03 4.500E+04 6.503E−01 1.538E+00 2.037E+02 2.390E+02 1.735E−01 1.156E+02 1.493E+02 2.914E−01 2.211E+02 6.000E+03 5.400E+04 5.511E−01 1.815E+00 1.810E+02 2.186E+02 2.077E−01 1.017E+02 1.355E+02 3.324E−01 2.986E+02 7.000E+03 6.300E+04 4.771E−01 2.096E+00 1.630E+02 2.019E+02 2.390E−01 9.090E+01 1.244E+02 3.688E−01 3.869E+02 8.000E+03 7.200E+04 4.200E−01 2.381E+00 1.483E+02 1.881E+02 2.680E−01 8.226E+01 1.153E+02 4.017E−01 4.859E+02 9.000E+03 8.100E+04 3.746E−01 2.670E+00 1.362E+02 1.763E+02 2.946E−01 7.520E+01 1.076E+02 4.314E−01 5.954E+02 1.000E+04 9.000E+04 3.377E−01 2.961E+00 1.260E+02 1.662E+02 3.193E−01 6.932E+01 1.011E+02 4.585E−01 7.151E+02 1.500E+04 1.350E+05 2.248E−01 4.448E+00 9.223E+01 1.310E+02 4.203E−01 5.025E+01 7.864E+01 5.649E−01 1.465E+03 2.000E+04 1.800E+05 1.674E−01 5.973E+00 7.327E+01 1.096E+02 4.962E−01 3.977E+01 6.523E+01 6.402E−01 2.460E+03 3.000E+04 2.700E+05 1.099E−01 9.097E+00 5.248E+01 8.434E+01 6.073E−01 2.847E+01 4.960E+01 7.419E−01 5.151E+03 4.000E+04 3.600E+05 8.138E−02 1.229E+01 4.121E+01 6.955E+01 6.878E−01 2.244E+01 4.057E+01 8.081E−01 8.748E+03 5.000E+04 4.500E+05 6.497E−02 1.539E+01 3.438E+01 5.978E+01 7.387E−01 1.871E+01 3.471E+01 8.546E−01 1.311E+04 6.000E+04 5.400E+05 5.416E−02 1.846E+01 2.968E+01 5.276E+01 7.774E−01 1.615E+01 3.053E+01 8.903E−01 1.822E+04 7.000E+04 6.300E+05 4.653E−02 2.149E+01 2.626E+01 4.744E+01 8.068E−01 1.428E+01 2.738E+01 9.182E−01 2.403E+04 8.000E+04 7.200E+05 4.087E−02 2.447E+01 2.364E+01 4.325E+01 8.297E−01 1.284E+01 2.492E+01 9.407E−01 3.050E+04 9.000E+04 8.100E+05 3.651E−02 2.739E+01 2.158E+01 3.985E+01 8.471E−01 1.171E+01 2.293E+01 9.586E−01 3.760E+04 1.000E+05 9.000E+05 3.304E−02 3.026E+01 1.990E+01 3.704E+01 8.617E−01 1.078E+01 2.128E+01 9.744E−01 4.529E+04 1.500E+05 1.350E+06 2.279E−02 4.389E+01 1.472E+01 2.795E+01 8.979E−01 7.917E+00 1.599E+01 1.020E+00 9.179E+04 2.000E+05 1.800E+06 1.774E−02 5.636E+01 1.203E+01 2.291E+01 9.038E−01 6.421E+00 1.308E+01 1.036E+00 1.498E+05 3.000E+05 2.700E+06 1.275E−02 7.844E+01 9.231E+00 1.738E+01 8.829E−01 4.865E+00 9.885E+00 1.032E+00 2.928E+05 4.000E+05 3.600E+06 1.026E−02 9.742E+01 7.775E+00 1.436E+01 8.466E−01 4.059E+00 8.136E+00 1.005E+00 4.634E+05 5.000E+05 4.500E+06 8.774E−03 1.140E+02 6.878E+00 1.243E+01 8.070E−01 3.564E+00 7.017E+00 9.687E−01 6.548E+05 6.000E+05 5.400E+06 7.777E−03 1.286E+02 6.267E+00 1.108E+01 7.681E−01 3.230E+00 6.232E+00 9.297E−01 8.623E+05 7.000E+05 6.300E+06 7.062E−03 1.416E+02 5.824E+00 1.008E+01 7.311E−01 2.989E+00 5.650E+00 8.901E−01 1.082E+06 8.000E+05 7.200E+06 6.523E−03 1.533E+02 5.488E+00 9.310E+00 6.966E−01 2.808E+00 5.198E+00 8.514E−01 1.313E+06 9.000E+05 8.100E+06 6.101E−03 1.639E+02 5.224E+00 8.695E+00 6.646E−01 2.666E+00 4.837E+00 8.143E−01 1.551E+06 1.000E+06 9.000E+06 5.762E−03 1.736E+02 5.011E+00 8.192E+00 6.350E−01 2.553E+00 4.542E+00 7.790E−01 1.797E+06

BORON-8 IONS: A=8 Z=5

Data

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

1.000E−01 8.000E−01 2.141E−07 0.000E+00 1.286E−01 7.776E+00 9.063E+01 9.063E+01 1.369E−02 1.063E+02 1.500E−01 1.200E+00 3.211E−07 0.000E+00 1.776E−01 5.632E+00 9.583E+01 9.583E+01 1.795E−02 9.431E+01 2.000E−01 1.600E+00 4.281E−07 0.000E+00 2.320E−01 4.310E+00 9.949E+01 9.949E+01 2.202E−02 8.693E+01 3.000E−01 2.400E+00 6.422E−07 0.000E+00 3.167E−01 3.158E+00 1.030E+02 1.030E+02 2.988E−02 7.793E+01 4.000E−01 3.200E+00 8.562E−07 0.000E+00 4.095E−01 2.442E+00 1.052E+02 1.052E+02 3.754E−02 7.241E+01 5.000E−01 4.000E+00 1.070E−06 0.000E+00 4.905E−01 2.039E+00 1.066E+02 1.066E+02 4.508E−02 6.856E+01 6.000E−01 4.800E+00 1.284E−06 0.000E+00 5.513E−01 1.814E+00 1.075E+02 1.075E+02 5.254E−02 6.568E+01 7.000E−01 5.600E+00 1.498E−06 0.000E+00 6.399E−01 1.563E+00 1.086E+02 1.086E+02 5.993E−02 6.340E+01 8.000E−01 6.400E+00 1.712E−06 0.000E+00 7.038E−01 1.421E+00 1.094E+02 1.094E+02 6.726E−02 6.155E+01 9.000E−01 7.200E+00 1.926E−06 0.000E+00 7.686E−01 1.301E+00 1.102E+02 1.102E+02 7.453E−02 6.000E+01 1.000E+00 8.000E+00 2.141E−06 0.000E+00 8.347E−01 1.198E+00 1.111E+02 1.111E+02 8.175E−02 5.867E+01 1.500E+00 1.200E+01 3.211E−06 0.000E+00 1.098E+00 9.110E−01 1.150E+02 1.150E+02 1.170E−01 5.409E+01 2.000E+00 1.600E+01 4.281E−06 0.000E+00 1.370E+00 7.302E−01 1.202E+02 1.202E+02 1.509E−01 5.128E+01 3.000E+00 2.400E+01 6.421E−06 0.000E+00 1.756E+00 5.694E−01 1.292E+02 1.292E+02 2.146E−01 4.785E+01 4.000E+00 3.200E+01 8.562E−06 0.000E+00 2.136E+00 4.681E−01 1.401E+02 1.401E+02 2.735E−01 4.575E+01 5.000E+00 4.000E+01 1.070E−05 0.000E+00 2.435E+00 4.107E−01 1.500E+02 1.500E+02 3.284E−01 4.429E+01 6.000E+00 4.800E+01 1.284E−05 0.000E+00 2.640E+00 3.787E−01 1.576E+02 1.576E+02 3.799E−01 4.319E+01 7.000E+00 5.600E+01 1.498E−05 0.000E+00 2.913E+00 3.432E−01 1.687E+02 1.687E+02 4.284E−01 4.232E+01 8.000E+00 6.400E+01 1.712E−05 0.000E+00 3.092E+00 3.234E−01 1.768E+02 1.768E+02 4.744E−01 4.162E+01 9.000E+00 7.200E+01 1.926E−05 0.000E+00 3.258E+00 3.069E−01 1.850E+02 1.850E+02 5.183E−01 4.103E+01 1.000E+01 8.000E+01 2.140E−05 0.000E+00 3.413E+00 2.930E−01 1.934E+02 1.934E+02 5.602E−01 4.052E+01 1.500E+01 1.200E+02 3.211E−05 0.000E+00 3.903E+00 2.562E−01 2.265E+02 2.265E+02 7.482E−01 3.878E+01 2.000E+01 1.600E+02 4.281E−05 0.000E+00 4.227E+00 2.366E−01 2.603E+02 2.603E+02 9.104E−01 3.771E+01 3.000E+01 2.400E+02 6.421E−05 0.000E+00 4.447E+00 2.249E−01 3.076E+02 3.076E+02 1.188E+00 3.640E+01 4.000E+01 3.200E+02 8.561E−05 0.000E+00 4.462E+00 2.241E−01 3.538E+02 3.538E+02 1.426E+00 3.560E+01 5.000E+01 4.000E+02 1.070E−04 0.000E+00 4.372E+00 2.287E−01 3.901E+02 3.835E+02 1.640E+00 3.505E+01 6.000E+01 4.800E+02 1.284E−04 0.000E+00 4.270E+00 2.342E−01 4.152E+02 3.960E+02 1.836E+00 3.463E+01 7.000E+01 5.600E+02 1.498E−04 0.000E+00 4.091E+00 2.444E−01 4.489E+02 4.134E+02 2.020E+00 3.430E+01 8.000E+01 6.400E+02 1.712E−04 0.000E+00 3.952E+00 2.531E−01 4.712E+02 4.252E+02 2.193E+00 3.403E+01 9.000E+01 7.200E+02 1.926E−04 0.000E+00 3.806E+00 2.628E−01 4.924E+02 4.365E+02 2.354E+00 3.381E+01 1.000E+02 8.000E+02 2.140E−04 0.000E+00 3.656E+00 2.735E−01 5.125E+02 4.472E+02 2.516E+00 3.361E+01 1.500E+02 1.200E+03 3.210E−04 0.000E+00 3.454E+00 2.895E−01 5.785E+02 4.814E+02 3.240E+00 3.295E+01 2.000E+02 1.600E+03 4.280E−04 0.000E+00 3.402E+00 2.939E−01 6.251E+02 5.012E+02 3.898E+00 3.254E+01 3.000E+02 2.400E+03 6.418E−04 0.000E+00 3.197E+00 3.128E−01 6.547E+02 4.989E+02 5.137E+00 3.205E+01 4.000E+02 3.200E+03 8.557E−04 1.599E+04 2.846E+00 3.513E−01 6.380E+02 4.553E+02 6.373E+00 3.174E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

4.000E+02 3.200E+03 8.557E−04 1.599E+04 2.846E+00 3.513E−01 6.380E+02 4.553E+02 6.373E+00 3.174E+01 5.000E+02 4.000E+03 1.069E−03 1.398E+04 2.564E+00 3.900E−01 6.125E+02 4.106E+02 7.655E+00 3.153E+01 6.000E+02 4.800E+03 1.283E−03 1.275E+04 2.376E+00 4.209E−01 5.913E+02 3.768E+02 8.989E+00 3.137E+01 7.000E+02 5.600E+03 1.497E−03 1.125E+04 2.134E+00 4.686E−01 5.598E+02 3.289E+02 1.039E+01 3.124E+01 8.000E+02 6.400E+03 1.710E−03 1.035E+04 1.981E+00 5.049E−01 5.373E+02 3.022E+02 1.185E+01 3.114E+01 9.000E+02 7.200E+03 1.924E−03 9.545E+03 1.841E+00 5.432E−01 5.152E+02 2.883E+02 1.338E+01 3.106E+01 1.000E+03 8.000E+03 2.137E−03 8.826E+03 1.713E+00 5.839E−01 4.935E+02 2.748E+02 1.498E+01 3.098E+01 1.500E+03 1.200E+04 3.203E−03 6.667E+03 1.313E+00 7.617E−01 4.168E+02 2.289E+02 2.393E+01 3.073E+01 2.000E+03 1.600E+04 4.267E−03 5.179E+03 1.026E+00 9.744E−01 3.526E+02 1.918E+02 3.452E+01 3.057E+01

3.039E+01 4.000E+03 3.200E+04 8.507E−03 2.844E+03 5.629E−01 1.777E+00 2.276E+02 1.220E+02 9.276E+01 3.027E+01 5.000E+03 4.000E+04 1.062E−02 2.306E+03 4.547E−01 2.199E+00 1.934E+02 1.034E+02 1.312E+02 3.019E+01 6.000E+03 4.800E+04 1.272E−02 2.005E+03 3.939E−01 2.539E+00 1.730E+02 9.238E+01 1.758E+02 3.013E+01 7.000E+03 5.600E+04 1.482E−02 1.763E+03 3.451E−01 2.897E+00 1.560E+02 8.325E+01 2.264E+02 3.008E+01 8.000E+03 6.400E+04 1.691E−02 1.479E+03 2.880E−01 3.472E+00 1.352E+02 7.213E+01 2.830E+02 3.004E+01 9.000E+03 7.200E+04 1.899E−02 1.321E+03 2.562E−01 3.903E+00 1.232E+02 6.572E+01 3.455E+02 3.001E+01 1.000E+04 8.000E+04 2.107E−02 1.187E+03 2.292E−01 4.363E+00 1.127E+02 6.014E+01 4.138E+02 2.998E+01 1.500E+04 1.200E+05 3.135E−02 8.233E+02 1.563E−01 6.397E+00 8.271E+01 4.431E+01 8.412E+02 2.988E+01 2.000E+04 1.600E+05 4.147E−02 6.053E+02 1.129E−01 8.858E+00 6.337E+01 3.417E+01 1.407E+03 2.983E+01 3.000E+04 2.400E+05 6.125E−02 4.216E+02 7.660E−02 1.306E+01 4.597E+01 2.510E+01 2.939E+03 2.975E+01 4.000E+04 3.200E+05 8.042E−02 3.122E+02 5.517E−02 1.813E+01 3.496E+01 1.939E+01 4.985E+03 2.971E+01 5.000E+04 4.000E+05 9.901E−02 2.526E+02 4.510E−02 2.217E+01 2.967E+01 1.615E+01 7.465E+03 2.968E+01 6.000E+04 4.800E+05 1.170E−01 2.203E+02 3.919E−02 2.551E+01 2.641E+01 1.435E+01 1.037E+04 2.966E+01 7.000E+04 5.600E+05 1.345E−01 1.950E+02 3.460E−02 2.891E+01 2.382E+01 1.290E+01 1.368E+04 2.964E+01 8.000E+04 6.400E+05 1.515E−01 1.657E+02 2.933E−02 3.409E+01 2.078E+01 1.120E+01 1.736E+04 2.962E+01 9.000E+04 7.200E+05 1.680E−01 1.495E+02 2.645E−02 3.780E+01 1.908E+01 1.024E+01 2.140E+04 2.961E+01 1.000E+05 8.000E+05 1.840E−01 1.359E+02 2.403E−02 4.162E+01 1.762E+01 9.425E+00 2.577E+04 2.960E+01 1.500E+05 1.200E+06 2.575E−01 9.944E+01 1.756E−02 5.694E+01 1.363E+01 7.176E+00 5.222E+04 2.956E+01 2.000E+05 1.600E+06 3.215E−01 7.779E+01 1.374E−02 7.280E+01 1.116E+01 5.794E+00 8.521E+04 2.954E+01 3.000E+05 2.400E+06 4.270E−01 5.971E+01 1.053E−02 9.497E+01 9.029E+00 4.612E+00 1.666E+05 2.951E+01 4.000E+05 3.200E+06 5.097E−01 4.907E+01 8.621E−03 1.160E+02 7.731E+00 3.904E+00 2.636E+05 2.950E+01 5.000E+05 4.000E+06 5.757E−01 4.468E+01 7.823E−03 1.278E+02 7.185E+00 3.613E+00 3.725E+05 2.948E+01 6.000E+05 4.800E+06 6.292E−01 4.029E+01 7.015E−03 1.425E+02 6.633E+00 3.324E+00 4.905E+05 2.948E+01 7.000E+05 5.600E+06 6.732E−01 3.792E+01 6.571E−03 1.522E+02 6.332E+00 3.170E+00 6.158E+05 2.947E+01 8.000E+05 6.400E+06 7.098E−01 3.523E+01 6.057E−03 1.651E+02 5.989E+00 3.000E+00 7.468E+05 2.946E+01 9.000E+05 7.200E+06 7.405E−01 3.378E+01 5.773E−03 1.732E+02 5.804E+00 2.911E+00 8.826E+05 2.946E+01 1.000E+06 8.000E+06 7.667E−01 3.318E+01 5.655E−03 1.768E+02 5.729E+00 2.876E+00 1.022E+06 2.945E+01

(b) Equilibrium Values

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

1.000E−01 8.000E−01 6.496E−02 1.539E+01 7.275E+01 7.595E+01 4.393E−02 7.275E+01 7.595E+01 4.393E−02 1.369E−02 1.500E−01 1.200E+00 9.179E−02 1.089E+01 7.884E+01 8.212E+01 4.162E−02 7.884E+01 8.212E+01 4.162E−02 1.795E−02 2.000E−01 1.600E+00 1.175E−01 8.510E+00 8.302E+01 8.623E+01 3.869E−02 8.302E+01 8.623E+01 3.869E−02 2.202E−02 3.000E−01 2.400E+00 1.664E−01 6.010E+00 8.852E+01 9.147E+01 3.337E−02 8.852E+01 9.147E+01 3.337E−02 2.988E−02 4.000E−01 3.200E+00 2.126E−01 4.703E+00 9.206E+01 9.475E+01 2.918E−02 9.206E+01 9.475E+01 2.918E−02 3.754E−02 5.000E−01 4.000E+00 2.567E−01 3.896E+00 9.458E+01 9.703E+01 2.592E−02 9.458E+01 9.703E+01 2.592E−02 4.508E−02 6.000E−01 4.800E+00 2.989E−01 3.346E+00 9.650E+01 9.875E+01 2.336E−02 9.650E+01 9.875E+01 2.336E−02 5.254E−02 7.000E−01 5.600E+00 3.395E−01 2.946E+00 9.802E+01 1.001E+02 2.132E−02 9.802E+01 1.001E+02 2.132E−02 5.993E−02 8.000E−01 6.400E+00 3.786E−01 2.642E+00 9.929E+01 1.012E+02 1.967E−02 9.929E+01 1.012E+02 1.967E−02 6.726E−02 9.000E−01 7.200E+00 4.164E−01 2.402E+00 1.004E+02 1.022E+02 1.832E−02 1.004E+02 1.022E+02 1.832E−02 7.453E−02 1.000E+00 8.000E+00 4.529E−01 2.208E+00 1.013E+02 1.031E+02 1.721E−02 1.013E+02 1.031E+02 1.721E−02 8.175E−02 1.500E+00 1.200E+01 6.205E−01 1.612E+00 1.051E+02 1.065E+02 1.392E−02 1.051E+02 1.065E+02 1.392E−02 1.170E−01 2.000E+00 1.600E+01 7.679E−01 1.302E+00 1.081E+02 1.094E+02 1.273E−02 1.081E+02 1.094E+02 1.273E−02 1.509E−01 3.000E+00 2.400E+01 1.020E+00 9.805E−01 1.133E+02 1.148E+02 1.327E−02 1.133E+02 1.148E+02 1.327E−02 2.146E−01 4.000E+00 3.200E+01 1.231E+00 8.122E−01 1.182E+02 1.201E+02 1.577E−02 1.182E+02 1.201E+02 1.577E−02 2.735E−01 5.000E+00 4.000E+01 1.413E+00 7.076E−01 1.228E+02 1.252E+02 1.926E−02 1.228E+02 1.252E+02 1.926E−02 3.284E−01 6.000E+00 4.800E+01 1.573E+00 6.356E−01 1.273E+02 1.303E+02 2.327E−02 1.273E+02 1.303E+02 2.327E−02 3.799E−01 7.000E+00 5.600E+01 1.716E+00 5.829E−01 1.316E+02 1.352E+02 2.752E−02 1.316E+02 1.352E+02 2.752E−02 4.284E−01 8.000E+00 6.400E+01 1.844E+00 5.424E−01 1.357E+02 1.400E+02 3.187E−02 1.357E+02 1.400E+02 3.187E−02 4.744E−01 9.000E+00 7.200E+01 1.959E+00 5.104E−01 1.397E+02 1.447E+02 3.621E−02 1.397E+02 1.447E+02 3.621E−02 5.183E−01 1.000E+01 8.000E+01 2.065E+00 4.842E−01 1.435E+02 1.493E+02 4.048E−02 1.435E+02 1.493E+02 4.048E−02 5.602E−01

2.000E+01 1.600E+02 2.772E+00 3.607E−01 1.763E+02 1.897E+02 7.607E−02 1.763E+02 1.897E+02 7.607E−02 9.104E−01 3.000E+01 2.400E+02 3.148E+00 3.177E−01 2.025E+02 2.227E+02 1.001E-01 2.025E+02 2.227E+02 1.001E−01 1.188E+00 4.000E+01 3.200E+02 3.370E+00 2.968E−01 2.247E+02 2.509E+02 1.167E−01 2.247E+02 2.509E+02 1.167E−01 1.426E+00 5.000E+01 4.000E+02 3.506E+00 2.852E−01 2.442E+02 2.757E+02 1.286E−01 2.441E+02 2.754E+02 1.281E−01 1.640E+00 6.000E+01 4.800E+02 3.592E+00 2.784E−01 2.617E+02 2.977E+02 1.374E−01 2.599E+02 2.942E+02 1.319E−01 1.836E+00 7.000E+01 5.600E+02 3.643E+00 2.745E−01 2.776E+02 3.175E+02 1.438E−01 2.733E+02 3.095E+02 1.324E−01 2.020E+00 8.000E+01 6.400E+02 3.672E+00 2.723E−01 2.922E+02 3.356E+02 1.486E−01 2.849E+02 3.224E+02 1.316E−01 2.193E+00 9.000E+01 7.200E+02 3.685E+00 2.714E−01 3.055E+02 3.520E+02 1.522E−01 2.951E+02 3.336E+02 1.303E−01 2.354E+00 1.000E+02 8.000E+02 3.687E+00 2.712E−01 3.183E+02 3.676E+02 1.548E−01 3.046E+02 3.438E+02 1.287E−01 2.516E+00 1.500E+02 1.200E+03 3.640E+00 2.748E−01 3.706E+02 4.293E+02 1.584E−01 3.412E+02 3.820E+02 1.197E−01 3.240E+00 2.000E+02 1.600E+03 3.604E+00 2.774E−01 4.107E+02 4.740E+02 1.541E−01 3.671E+02 4.076E+02 1.104E−01 3.898E+00 3.000E+02 2.400E+03 3.529E+00 2.834E−01 4.674E+02 5.313E+02 1.367E−01 3.998E+02 4.365E+02 9.169E−02 5.137E+00 4.000E+02 3.200E+03 3.425E+00 2.920E−01 5.024E+02 5.604E+02 1.155E−01 4.145E+02 4.452E+02 7.411E−02 6.373E+00

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

4.000E+02 3.200E+03 3.425E+00 2.920E−01 5.024E+02 5.604E+02 1.155E−01 4.145E+02 4.452E+02 7.411E−02 6.373E+00 5.000E+02 4.000E+03 3.302E+00 3.029E−01 5.228E+02 5.732E+02 9.638E−02 4.172E+02 4.428E+02 6.122E−02 7.655E+00 6.000E+02 4.800E+03 3.173E+00 3.151E−01 5.340E+02 5.774E+02 8.121E−02 4.128E+02 4.351E+02 5.399E−02 8.989E+00 7.000E+02 5.600E+03 3.045E+00 3.284E−01 5.391E+02 5.766E+02 6.951E−02 4.040E+02 4.250E+02 5.187E−02 1.039E+01 8.000E+02 6.400E+03 2.922E+00 3.423E−01 5.401E+02 5.729E+02 6.074E−02 3.926E+02 4.139E+02 5.417E−02 1.185E+01 9.000E+02 7.200E+03 2.804E+00 3.566E−01 5.383E+02 5.675E+02 5.427E−02 3.813E+02 4.033E+02 5.767E−02 1.338E+01 1.000E+03 8.000E+03 2.694E+00 3.712E−01 5.344E+02 5.610E+02 4.962E−02 3.705E+02 3.934E+02 6.164E−02 1.498E+01 1.500E+03 1.200E+04 2.234E+00 4.477E−01 5.017E+02 5.233E+02 4.316E−02 3.242E+02 3.518E+02 8.521E−02 2.393E+01 2.000E+03 1.600E+04 1.897E+00 5.272E−01 4.637E+02 4.871E+02 5.047E−02 2.881E+02 3.199E+02 1.107E−01 3.452E+01 3.000E+03 2.400E+04 1.447E+00 6.909E−01 3.969E+02 4.279E+02 7.810E−02 2.359E+02 2.737E+02 1.600E−01 6.050E+01 4.000E+03 3.200E+04 1.164E+00 8.591E−01 3.453E+02 3.832E+02 1.098E−01 2.003E+02 2.413E+02 2.047E−01 9.276E+01 5.000E+03 4.000E+04 9.699E−01 1.031E+00 3.052E+02 3.483E+02 1.413E−01 1.743E+02 2.170E+02 2.451E−01 1.312E+02 6.000E+03 4.800E+04 8.289E−01 1.206E+00 2.734E+02 3.202E+02 1.714E−01 1.544E+02 1.979E+02 2.817E−01 1.758E+02 7.000E+03 5.600E+04 7.222E−01 1.385E+00 2.476E+02 2.971E+02 1.997E−01 1.388E+02 1.825E+02 3.149E−01 2.264E+02 8.000E+03 6.400E+04 6.388E−01 1.566E+00 2.264E+02 2.776E+02 2.263E−01 1.261E+02 1.697E+02 3.454E−01 2.830E+02 9.000E+03 7.200E+04 5.719E−01 1.749E+00 2.086E+02 2.610E+02 2.511E−01 1.157E+02 1.589E+02 3.733E−01 3.455E+02 1.000E+04 8.000E+04 5.172E−01 1.934E+00 1.935E+02 2.466E+02 2.744E−01 1.069E+02 1.496E+02 3.990E−01 4.138E−02 1.500E+04 1.200E+05 3.472E−01 2.881E+00 1.428E+02 1.959E+02 3.720E−01 7.804E+01 1.173E+02 5.025E−01 8.412E+02 2.000E+04 1.600E+05 2.595E−01 3.853E+00 1.138E+02 1.647E+02 4.468E−01 6.196E+01 9.773E+01 5.773E−01 1.407E+03 3.000E+04 2.400E+05 1.710E−01 5.849E+00 8.177E+01 1.274E+02 5.580E−01 4.447E+01 7.473E+01 6.807E−01 2.939E+03 4.000E+04 3.200E+05 1.267E−01 7.890E+00 6.428E+01 1.054E+02 6.393E−01 3.507E+01 6.133E+01 7.489E−01 4.985E+03 5.000E+04 4.000E+05 1.012E−01 9.877E+00 5.366E+01 9.077E+01 6.916E−01 2.926E+01 5.260E+01 7.974E−01 7.465E+03 6.000E+04 4.800E+05 8.443E−02 1.184E+01 4.634E+01 8.024E+01 7.315E−01 2.526E+01 4.635E+01 8.348E−01 1.037E+04 7.000E+04 5.600E+05 7.257E−02 1.378E+01 4.100E+01 7.224E+01 7.620E−01 2.233E+01 4.163E+01 8.642E−01 1.368E+04 8.000E+04 6.400E+05 6.375E−02 1.569E+01 3.692E+01 6.593E+01 7.860E−01 2.009E+01 3.792E+01 8.881E−01 1.736E+04 9.000E+04 7.200E+05 5.695E−02 1.756E+01 3.369E+01 6.081E+01 8.049E−01 1.831E+01 3.493E+01 9.078E−01 2.140E+04 1.000E+05 8.000E+05 5.155E−02 1.940E+01 3.108E+01 5.656E+01 8.200E−01 1.686E+01 3.245E+01 9.241E−01 2.577E+04 1.500E+05 1.200E+06 3.556E−02 2.812E+01 2.300E+01 4.279E+01 8.600E−01 1.239E+01 2.445E+01 9.740E−01 5.222E+04 2.000E+05 1.600E+06 2.769E−02 3.611E+01 1.880E+01 3.513E+01 8.690E−01 1.005E+01 2.003E+01 9.938E−01 8.521E+04 3.000E+05 2.400E+06 1.990E−02 5.024E+01 1.442E+01 2.672E+01 8.524E−01 7.611E+00 1.518E+01 9.941E−01 1.666E+05 4.000E+05 3.200E+06 1.603E−02 6.240E+01 1.215E+01 2.210E+01 8.195E−01 6.349E+00 1.251E+01 9.706E−01 2.636E+05 5.000E+05 4.000E+06 1.370E−02 7.300E+01 1.075E+01 1.915E+01 7.826E−01 5.575E+00 1.080E+01 9.378E−01 3.725E+05 6.000E+05 4.800E+06 1.214E−02 8.235E+01 9.792E+00 1.709E+01 7.456E−01 5.052E+00 9.604E+00 9.011E−01 4.905E+05 7.000E+05 5.600E+06 1.103E−02 9.069E+01 9.100E+00 1.556E+01 7.104E−01 4.675E+00 8.712E+00 8.636E−01 6.158E+05 8.000E+05 6.400E+06 1.019E−02 9.818E+01 8.574E+00 1.438E+01 6.774E−01 4.391E+00 8.021E+00 8.268E−01 7.468E+05 9.000E+05 7.200E+06 9.527E−03 1.050E+02 8.161E+00 1.344E+01 6.467E−01 4.170E+00 7.469E+00 7.914E−01 8.826E+05 1.000E+06 8.000E+06 8.998E−03 1.111E+02 7.829E+00 1.267E+01 6.182E−01 3.993E+00 7.017E+00 7.575E−01 1.022E+06

BORON-9 IONS: A=9 Z=5 (a) Instantaneous Data

∆M=12.41610 MeV Mc2=8.3959E+03 MeV

keV/A

keV

nm−1

nm

keV/µm

100 keV/µm

µm

W eV

1.000E−01 9.000E−01 2.144E−07 0.000E+00 1.285E−01 7.783E+00 9.479E+01 9.479E+01 1.438E−02 1.063E+02 1.500E−01 1.350E+00 3.216E−07 0.000E+00 1.774E−01 5.637E+00 9.992E+01 9.992E+01 1.896E−02 9.431E+01 2.000E−01 1.800E+00 4.288E−07 0.000E+00 2.318E−01 4.314E+00 1.034E+02 1.034E+02 2.336E−02 8.693E+01 3.000E−01 2.700E+00 6.432E−07 0.000E+00 3.164E−01 3.161E+00 1.066E+02 1.066E+02 3.189E−02 7.793E+01 4.000E−01 3.600E+00 8.576E−07 0.000E+00 4.091E−01 2.444E+00 1.086E+02 1.086E+02 4.023E−02 7.241E+01 5.000E−01 4.500E+00 1.072E−06 0.000E+00 4.901E−01 2.040E+00 1.097E+02 1.097E+02 4.846E−02 6.856E+01 6.000E−01 5.400E+00 1.286E−06 0.000E+00 5.508E−01 1.815E+00 1.104E+02 1.104E+02 5.663E−02 6.568E+01 7.000E−01 6.300E+00 1.501E−06 0.000E+00 6.394E−01 1.564E+00 1.113E+02 1.113E+02 6.473E−02 6.340E+01 8.000E−01 7.200E+00 1.715E−06 0.000E+00 7.032E−01 1.422E+00 1.119E+02 1.119E+02 7.279E−02 6.155E+01 9.000E−01 8.100E+00 1.930E−06 0.000E+00 7.679E−01 1.302E+00 1.126E+02 1.126E+02 8.080E−02 6.000E+01 1.000E+00 9.000E+00 2.144E−06 0.000E+00 8.340E−01 1.199E+00 1.133E+02 1.133E+02 8.876E−02 5.867E+01 1.500E+00 1.350E+01 3.216E−06 0.000E+00 1.097E+00 9.118E−01 1.168E+02 1.168E+02 1.278E−01 5.409E+01 2.000E+00 1.800E+01 4.288E−06 0.000E+00 1.368E+00 7.308E−01 1.215E+02 1.215E+02 1.654E−01 5.128E+01 3.000E+00 2.700E+01 6.432E−06 0.000E+00 1.755E+00 5.698E−01 1.302E+02 1.302E+02 2.364E−01 4.785E+01 4.000E+00 3.600E+01 8.576E−06 0.000E+00 2.135E+00 4.685E−01 1.408E+02 1.408E+02 3.023E−01 4.575E+01 5.000E+00 4.500E+01 1.072E−05 0.000E+00 2.433E+00 4.110E−01 1.506E+02 1.506E+02 3.637E−01 4.429E+01 6.000E+00 5.400E+01 1.286E−05 0.000E+00 2.638E+00 3.790E−01 1.581E+02 1.581E+02 4.213E−01 4.319E+01 7.000E+00 6.300E+01 1.501E−05 0.000E+00 2.911E+00 3.435E−01 1.691E+02 1.691E+02 4.758E−01 4.232E+01 8.000E+00 7.200E+01 1.715E−05 0.000E+00 3.089E+00 3.237E−01 1.772E+02 1.772E+02 5.274E−01 4.162E+01 9.000E+00 8.100E+01 1.929E−05 0.000E+00 3.256E+00 3.072E−01 1.853E+02 1.853E+02 5.766E−01 4.103E+01 1.000E+01 9.000E+01 2.144E−05 0.000E+00 3.411E+00 2.932E−01 1.937E+02 1.937E+02 6.238E−01 4.052E+01 1.500E+01 1.350E+02 3.216E−05 0.000E+00 3.900E+00 2.564E−01 2.266E+02 2.266E+02 8.349E−01 3.878E+01 2.000E+01 1.800E+02 4.288E−05 0.000E+00 4.224E+00 2.367E−01 2.603E+02 2.603E+02 1.017E+00 3.771E+01 3.000E+01 2.700E+02 6.431E−05 0.000E+00 4.444E+00 2.250E−01 3.076E+02 3.076E+02 1.329E+00 3.640E+01 4.000E+01 3.600E+02 8.575E−05 0.000E+00 4.458E+00 2.243E−01 3.537E+02 3.537E+02 1.598E+00 3.560E+01 5.000E+01 4.500E+02 1.072E−04 0.000E+00 4.368E+00 2.289E−01 3.900E+02 3.834E+02 1.838E+00 3.505E+01 6.000E+01 5.400E+02 1.286E−04 0.000E+00 4.266E+00 2.344E−01 4.150E+02 3.958E+02 2.059E+00 3.463E+01 7.000E+01 6.300E+02 1.501E−04 0.000E+00 4.088E+00 2.446E−01 4.487E+02 4.132E+02 2.265E+00 3.430E+01 8.000E+01 7.200E+02 1.715E−04 0.000E+00 3.949E+00 2.533E−01 4.711E+02 4.250E+02 2.456E+00 3.403E+01 9.000E+01 8.100E+02 1.929E−04 0.000E+00 3.803E+00 2.630E−01 4.922E+02 4.363E+02 2.645E+00 3.381E+01 1.000E+02 9.000E+02 2.144E−04 0.000E+00 3.653E+00 2.737E−01 5.123E+02 4.470E+02 2.823E+00 3.361E+01 1.500E+02 1.350E+03 3.215E−04 0.000E+00 3.452E+00 2.896E−01 5.783E+02 4.811E+02 3.638E+00 3.295E+01 2.000E+02 1.800E+03 4.286E−04 0.000E+00 3.401E+00 2.940E−01 6.250E+02 5.009E+02 4.378E+00 3.254E+01 3.000E+02 2.700E+03 6.429E−04 0.000E+00 3.196E+00 3.129E−01 6.547E+02 4.988E+02 5.772E+00 3.205E+01 4.000E+02 3.600E+03 8.570E−04 1.598E+04 2.846E+00 3.513E−01 6.381E+02 4.552E+02 7.162E+00 3.174E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

4.000E+02 3.600E+03 8.570E−04 1.598E+04 2.846E+00 3.513E−01 6.381E+02 4.552E+02 7.162E+00 3.174E+01 5.000E+02 4.500E+03 1.071E−03 1.397E+04 2.564E+00 3.899E−01 6.126E+02 4.105E+02 8.604E+00 3.153E+01 6.000E+02 5.400E+03 1.285E−03 1.274E+04 2.376E+00 4.208E−01 5.915E+02 3.768E+02 1.011E+01 3.137E+01 7.000E+02 6.300E+03 1.499E−03 1.124E+04 2.134E+00 4.685E−01 5.600E+02 3.289E+02 1.168E+01 3.124E+01 8.000E+02 7.200E+03 1.713E−03 1.034E+04 1.981E+00 5.047E−01 5.375E+02 3.020E+02 1.333E+01 3.114E+01 9.000E+02 8.100E+03 1.927E−03 9.538E+03 1.841E+00 5.431E−01 5.154E+02 2.881E+02 1.505E+01 3.106E+01 1.000E+03 9.000E+03 2.140E−03 8.819E+03 1.713E+00 5.837E−01 4.937E+02 2.746E+02 1.684E+01 3.098E+01 1.500E+03 1.350E+04 3.208E−03 6.662E+03 1.313E+00 7.614E−01 4.171E+02 2.288E+02 2.692E+01 3.073E+01 2.000E+03 1.800E+04 4.274E−03 5.176E+03 1.027E+00 9.739E−01 3.528E+02 1.917E+02 3.883E+01 3.057E+01 3.000E+03 2.700E+04 6.401E−03 3.769E+03 7.489E−01 1.335E+00 2.816E+02 1.516E+02 6.806E+01 3.039E+01 4.000E+03 3.600E+04 8.521E−03 2.843E+03 5.633E−01 1.775E+00 2.278E+02 1.220E+02 1.043E+02 3.027E+01

3.019E+01 6.000E+03 5.400E+04 1.274E−02 2.004E+03 3.942E−01 2.537E+00 1.732E+02 9.235E+01 1.977E+02 3.013E+01 7.000E+03 6.300E+04 1.484E−02 1.667E+03 3.263E−01 3.065E+00 1.493E+02 7.954E+01 2.546E+02 3.008E+01 8.000E+03 7.200E+04 1.693E−02 1.479E+03 2.882E−01 3.469E+00 1.354E+02 7.210E+01 3.183E+02 3.004E+01 9.000E+03 8.100E+04 1.902E−02 1.321E+03 2.564E−01 3.900E+00 1.233E+02 6.570E+01 3.886E+02 3.001E+01 1.000E+04 9.000E+04 2.110E−02 1.186E+03 2.294E−01 4.360E+00 1.128E+02 6.012E+01 4.655E+02 2.998E+01 1.500E+04 1.350E+05 3.140E−02 8.229E+02 1.564E−01 6.392E+00 8.279E+01 4.429E+01 9.464E+02 2.988E+01 2.000E+04 1.800E+05 4.154E−02 6.050E+02 1.130E−01 8.851E+00 6.343E+01 3.415E+01 1.583E+03 2.983E+01 3.000E+04 2.700E+05 6.134E−02 4.214E+02 7.666E−02 1.304E+01 4.602E+01 2.509E+01 3.306E+03 2.975E+01 4.000E+04 3.600E+05 8.054E−02 3.121E+02 5.522E−02 1.811E+01 3.499E+01 1.939E+01 5.608E+03 2.971E+01 5.000E+04 4.500E+05 9.915E−02 2.525E+02 4.513E−02 2.216E+01 2.969E+01 1.615E+01 8.398E+03 2.968E+01 6.000E+04 5.400E+05 1.172E−01 2.202E+02 3.922E−02 2.549E+01 2.643E+01 1.434E+01 1.167E+04 2.966E+01 7.000E+04 6.300E+05 1.347E−01 1.949E+02 3.462E−02 2.888E+01 2.384E+01 1.290E+01 1.539E+04 2.964E+01 8.000E+04 7.200E+05 1.517E−01 1.656E+02 2.935E−02 3.407E+01 2.080E+01 1.119E+01 1.953E+04 2.962E+01 9.000E+04 8.100E+05 1.682E−01 1.495E+02 2.647E−02 3.778E+01 1.909E+01 1.024E+01 2.407E+04 2.961E+01 1.000E+05 9.000E+05 1.843E−01 1.359E+02 2.405E−02 4.159E+01 1.764E+01 9.422E+00 2.900E+04 2.960E+01 1.500E+05 1.350E+06 2.579E−01 9.940E+01 1.757E−02 5.690E+01 1.364E+01 7.173E+00 5.875E+04 2.956E+01 2.000E+05 1.800E+06 3.219E−01 7.776E+01 1.374E−02 7.275E+01 1.117E+01 5.793E+00 9.586E+04 2.954E+01 3.000E+05 2.700E+06 4.275E−01 5.969E+01 1.054E−02 9.492E+01 9.034E+00 4.610E+00 1.874E+05 2.951E+01 4.000E+05 3.600E+06 5.101E−01 4.905E+01 8.625E−03 1.159E+02 7.735E+00 3.904E+00 2.966E+05 2.950E+01 5.000E+05 4.500E+06 5.761E−01 4.467E+01 7.826E−03 1.278E+02 7.189E+00 3.612E+00 4.191E+05 2.948E+01 6.000E+05 5.400E+06 6.296E−01 4.029E+01 7.018E−03 1.425E+02 6.636E+00 3.323E+00 5.519E+05 2.948E+01 7.000E+05 6.300E+06 6.736E−01 3.791E+01 6.573E−03 1.521E+02 6.335E+00 3.169E+00 6.928E+05 2.947E+01 8.000E+05 7.200E+06 7.102E−01 3.522E+01 6.058E−03 1.651E+02 5.991E+00 2.999E+00 8.402E+05 2.946E+01 9.000E+05 8.100E+06 7.410E−01 3.377E+01 5.774E−03 1.732E+02 5.806E+00 2.911E+00 9.930E+05 2.946E+01 1.000E+06 9.000E+06 7.671E−01 3.318E+01 5.657E−03 1.768E+02 5.730E+00 2.876E+00 1.150E+06 2.945E+01

(b) Equilibrium Values

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

1.000E−01 9.000E−01 6.456E−02 1.549E+01 7.616E+01 7.960E+01 4.513E−02 7.616E+01 7.960E+01 4.513E−02 1.438E−02 1.500E−01 1.350E+00 9.148E−02 1.093E+01 8.245E+01 8.592E+01 4.207E−02 8.245E+01 8.592E+01 4.207E−02 1.896E−02 2.000E−01 1.800E+00 1.173E−01 8.525E+00 8.672E+01 9.008E+01 3.866E−02 8.672E+01 9.008E+01 3.866E−02 2.336E−02 3.000E−01 2.700E+00 1.664E−01 6.009E+00 9.227E+01 9.529E+01 3.277E−02 9.227E+01 9.529E+01 3.277E−02 3.189E−02 4.000E−01 3.600E+00 2.129E−01 4.697E+00 9.578E+01 9.848E+01 2.826E−02 9.578E+01 9.848E+01 2.826E−02 4.023E−02 5.000E−01 4.500E+00 2.572E−01 3.887E+00 9.822E+01 1.007E+02 2.482E−02 9.822E+01 1.007E+02 2.482E−02 4.846E−02 6.000E−01 5.400E+00 2.997E−01 3.337E+00 1.000E+02 1.023E+02 2.214E−02 1.000E+02 1.023E+02 2.214E−02 5.663E−02 7.000E−01 6.300E+00 3.405E−01 2.937E+00 1.015E+02 1.035E+02 2.002E−02 1.015E+02 1.035E+02 2.002E−02 6.473E−02 8.000E−01 7.200E+00 3.799E−01 2.632E+00 1.027E+02 1.045E+02 1.832E−02 1.027E+02 1.045E+02 1.832E−02 7.279E−02 9.000E−01 8.100E+00 4.179E−01 2.393E+00 1.037E+02 1.054E+02 1.693E−02 1.037E+02 1.054E+02 1.693E−02 8.080E−02 1.000E+00 9.000E+00 4.547E−01 2.199E+00 1.045E+02 1.062E+02 1.579E−02 1.045E+02 1.062E+02 1.579E−02 8.876E−02 1.500E+00 1.350E+01 6.234E−01 1.604E+00 1.079E+02 1.093E+02 1.238E−02 1.079E+02 1.093E+02 1.238E−02 1.278E−01 2.000E+00 1.800E+01 7.717E−01 1.296E+00 1.106E+02 1.118E+02 1.107E−02 1.106E+02 1.118E+02 1.107E−02 1.654E−01 3.000E+00 2.700E+01 1.025E+00 9.757E−01 1.155E+02 1.168E+02 1.132E-02 1.155E+02 1.168E+02 1.132E-02 2.364E−01 4.000E+00 3.600E+01 1.237E+00 8.083E−01 1.202E+02 1.218E+02 1.356E−02 1.202E+02 1.218E+02 1.356E−02 3.023E−01 5.000E+00 4.500E+01 1.420E+00 7.043E−01 1.246E+02 1.267E+02 1.682E−02 1.246E+02 1.267E+02 1.682E−02 3.637E−01 6.000E+00 5.400E+01 1.580E+00 6.328E−01 1.290E+02 1.316E+02 2.064E−02 1.290E+02 1.316E+02 2.064E−02 4.213E−01 7.000E+00 6.300E+01 1.723E+00 5.804E−01 1.331E+02 1.364E+02 2.474E−02 1.331E+02 1.364E+02 2.474E−02 4.758E−01 8.000E+00 7.200E+01 1.851E+00 5.402E−01 1.372E+02 1.412E+02 2.897E−02 1.372E+02 1.412E+02 2.897E−02 5.274E−01 9.000E+00 8.100E+01 1.967E+00 5.083E−01 1.411E+02 1.458E+02 3.321E−02 1.411E+02 1.458E+02 3.321E−02 5.766E−01

1.500E+01 1.350E+02 2.489E+00 4.017E−01 1.622E+02 1.714E+02 5.671E−02 1.622E+02 1.714E+02 5.671E−02 8.349E−01 2.000E+01 1.800E+02 2.780E+00 3.597E−01 1.774E+02 1.903E+02 7.279E−02 1.774E+02 1.903E+02 7.279E−02 1.017E+00 3.000E+01 2.700E+02 3.155E+00 3.170E−01 2.035E+02 2.232E+02 9.690E−02 2.035E+02 2.232E+02 9.690E−02 1.329E+00 4.000E+01 3.600E+02 3.376E+00 2.962E−01 2.257E+02 2.513E+02 1.137E−01 2.257E+02 2.513E+02 1.137E−01 1.598E+00 5.000E+01 4.500E+02 3.512E+00 2.848E−01 2.451E+02 2.760E+02 1.258E−01 2.450E+02 2.757E+02 1.253E−01 1.838E+00 6.000E+01 5.400E+02 3.596E+00 2.781E−01 2.626E+02 2.979E+02 1.347E−01 2.608E+02 2.945E+02 1.292E−01 2.059E+00 7.000E+01 6.300E+02 3.650E+00 2.740E−01 2.787E+02 3.178E+02 1.404E−01 2.743E+02 3.097E+02 1.290E−01 2.265E+00 8.000E+01 7.200E+02 3.675E+00 2.721E−01 2.928E+02 3.356E+02 1.462E−01 2.855E+02 3.224E+02 1.292E−01 2.456E+00 9.000E+01 8.100E+02 3.688E+00 2.712E−01 3.065E+02 3.525E+02 1.499E−01 2.960E+02 3.339E+02 1.280E−01 2.645E+00 1.000E+02 9.000E+02 3.689E+00 2.711E−01 3.191E+02 3.677E+02 1.525E−01 3.053E+02 3.439E+02 1.265E−01 2.823E+00 1.500E+02 1.350E+03 3.641E+00 2.747E−01 3.713E+02 4.295E+02 1.566E−01 3.417E+02 3.820E+02 1.178E−01 3.638E+00 2.000E+02 1.800E+03 3.605E+00 2.774E−01 4.113E+02 4.741E+02 1.526E−01 3.675E+02 4.075E+02 1.089E−01 4.378E+00 3.000E+02 2.700E+03 3.529E+00 2.834E−01 4.680E+02 5.314E+02 1.355E−01 4.001E+02 4.363E+02 9.050E−02 5.772E+00 4.000E+02 3.600E+03 3.425E+00 2.920E−01 5.028E+02 5.604E+02 1.145E−01 4.147E+02 4.450E+02 7.316E−02 7.162E+00

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

4.000E+02 3.600E+03 3.425E+00 2.920E−01 5.028E+02 5.604E+02 1.145E−01 4.147E+02 4.450E+02 7.316E−02 7.162E+00 5.000E+02 4.500E+03 3.301E+00 3.029E−01 5.232E+02 5.732E+02 9.559E−02 4.174E+02 4.426E+02 6.044E−02 8.604E+00 6.000E+02 5.400E+03 3.172E+00 3.152E−01 5.344E+02 5.774E+02 8.053E−02 4.129E+02 4.349E+02 5.333E−02 1.011E+01 7.000E+02 6.300E+03 3.044E+00 3.285E−01 5.395E+02 5.767E+02 6.893E−02 4.040E+02 4.248E+02 5.131E−02 1.168E+01 8.000E+02 7.200E+03 2.921E+00 3.424E−01 5.404E+02 5.730E+02 6.024E−02 3.926E+02 4.137E+02 5.370E−02 1.333E+01 9.000E+02 8.100E+03 2.804E+00 3.567E−01 5.385E+02 5.675E+02 5.383E−02 3.812E+02 4.031E+02 5.729E−02 1.505E+01 1.000E+03 9.000E+03 2.693E+00 3.714E−01 5.347E+02 5.610E+02 4.923E−02 3.705E+02 3.932E+02 6.133E−02 1.684E+01 1.500E+03 1.350E+04 2.232E+00 4.479E−01 5.018E+02 5.233E+02 4.293E−02 3.240E+02 3.516E+02 8.514E−02 2.692E+01 2.000E+03 1.800E+04 1.896E+00 5.275E−01 4.638E+02 4.871E+02 5.031E−02 2.878E+02 3.197E+02 1.108E−01 3.883E+01 3.000E+03 2.700E+04 1.447E+00 6.912E−01 3.970E+02 4.280E+02 7.799E−02 2.357E+02 2.735E+02 1.602E−01 6.806E+01 4.000E+03 3.600E+04 1.164E+00 8.594E−01 3.453E+02 3.832E+02 1.098E−01 2.001E+02 2.411E+02 2.050E−01 1.043E+02 5.000E+03 4.500E+04 9.695E−01 1.031E+00 3.052E+02 3.483E+02 1.413E−01 1.741E+02 2.168E+02 2.454E−01 1.476E+02 6.000E+03 5.400E+04 8.285E−01 1.207E+00 2.734E+02 3.202E+02 1.714E−01 1.543E+02 1.978E+02 2.820E−01 1.977E+02 7.000E+03 6.300E+04 7.219E−01 1.385E+00 2.476E+02 2.971E+02 1.997E−01 1.386E+02 1.824E+02 3.153E−01 2.546E+02 8.000E+03 7.200E+04 6.385E−01 1.566E+00 2.264E+02 2.777E+02 2.263E−01 1.260E+02 1.696E+02 3.458E−01 3.183E+02 9.000E+03 8.100E+04 5.716E−01 1.749E+00 2.086E+02 2.610E+02 2.511E−01 1.155E+02 1.587E+02 3.737E−01 3.886E+02 1.000E+04 9.000E+04 5.170E−01 1.934E+00 1.935E+02 2.466E+02 2.744E−01 1.068E+02 1.494E+02 3.994E−01 4.655E+02 1.500E+04 1.350E+05 3.470E−01 2.882E+00 1.428E+02 1.959E+02 3.720E−01 7.795E+01 1.171E+02 5.029E−01 9.464E+02 2.000E+04 1.800E+05 2.594E−01 3.855E+00 1.138E+02 1.647E+02 4.468E−01 6.188E+01 9.764E+01 5.778E−01 1.583E+03 3.000E+04 2.700E+05 1.709E−01 5.851E+00 8.177E+01 1.274E+02 5.580E−01 4.441E+01 7.466E+01 6.811E−01 3.306E+03 4.000E+04 3.600E+05 1.267E−01 7.893E+00 6.428E+01 1.054E+02 6.393E−01 3.502E+01 6.127E+01 7.494E−01 5.608E+03 5.000E+04 4.500E+05 1.012E−01 9.880E+00 5.366E+01 9.077E+01 6.916E−01 2.923E+01 5.255E+01 7.979E−01 8.398E+03 6.000E+04 5.400E+05 8.441E−02 1.185E+01 4.634E+01 8.024E+01 7.315E−01 2.523E+01 4.630E+01 8.353E−01 1.167E+04 7.000E+04 6.300E+05 7.253E−02 1.379E+01 4.099E+01 7.225E+01 7.627E−01 2.230E+01 4.159E+01 8.654E−01 1.539E+04 8.000E+04 7.200E+05 6.373E−02 1.569E+01 3.692E+01 6.593E+01 7.860E−01 2.006E+01 3.789E+01 8.885E−01 1.953E+04 9.000E+04 8.100E+05 5.693E−02 1.756E+01 3.369E+01 6.081E+01 8.049E−01 1.829E+01 3.489E+01 9.082E−01 2.407E+04 1.000E+05 9.000E+05 5.153E−02 1.940E+01 3.108E+01 5.656E+01 8.200E−01 1.684E+01 3.241E+01 9.244E−01 2.900E+04 1.500E+05 1.350E+06 3.555E−02 2.813E+01 2.300E+01 4.279E+01 8.600E−01 1.237E+01 2.442E+01 9.742E−01 5.875E+04 2.000E+05 1.800E+06 2.769E−02 3.612E+01 1.880E+01 3.513E+01 8.690E−01 1.003E+01 2.001E+01 9.940E−01 9.586E+04 3.000E+05 2.700E+06 1.990E−02 5.026E+01 1.442E+01 2.672E+01 8.524E−01 7.603E+00 1.516E+01 9.940E−01 1.874E+05 4.000E+05 3.600E+06 1.602E−02 6.241E+01 1.215E+01 2.210E+01 8.195E−01 6.342E+00 1.250E+01 9.703E−01 2.966E+05 5.000E+05 4.500E+06 1.370E−02 7.301E+01 1.075E+01 1.915E+01 7.825E−01 5.570E+00 1.079E+01 9.372E−01 4.191E+05 6.000E+05 B.400E+06 1.214E−02 8.237E+01 9.792E+00 1.709E+01 7.456E−01 5.047E+00 9.592E+00 9.005E−01 5.519E+05 7.000E+05 6.300E+06 1.102E−02 9.071E+01 9.100E+00 1.556E+01 7.103E−01 4.671E+00 8.702E+00 8.630E−01 6.928E+05 8.000E+05 7.200E+06 1.018E−02 9.820E+01 8.574E+00 1.438E+01 6.774E−01 4.387E+00 8.012E+00 8.261E−01 8.402E+05 9.000E+05 8.100E+06 9.525E−03 1.050E+02 8.162E+00 1.344E+01 6.466E−01 4.166E+00 7.460E+00 7.906E−01 9.930E+05 1.000E+06 9.000E+06 8.995E−03 1.112E+02 7.829E+00 1.267E+01 6.182E−01 3.990E+00 7.009E+00 7.568E−01 1.150E+06

BORON-10 IONS: A=10 Z=5 (a) Instantaneous ∆M=12.05175 MeV Mc2=9.3270E+03 MeV

E/A

keV/A E

keV ß2 z2/ß2 I

nm−1 mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

1.000E−01 1.000E+00 2.144E−07 0.000E+00 1.290E−01 7.749E+00 9.866E+01 9.866E+01 1.506E−02 1.063E+02 1.500E−01 1.500E+00 3.216E−07 0.000E+00 1.782E−01 5.613E+00 1.037E+02 1.037E+02 1.997E−02 9.431E+01 2.000E−01 2000E+00 4.289E−07 0.000E+00 2.328E−01 4.296E+00 1.071E+02 1.071E+02 2.469E−02 8.693E+01 3.000E−01 3.000E+00 6.433E−07 0.000E+00 3.177E−01 3.147E+00 1.100E+02 1.100E+02 3.386E−02 7.793E+01 4.000E−01 4.000E+00 8.577E−07 0.000E+00 4.108E−01 2.434E+00 1.116E+02 1.116E+02 4.287E−02 7.241E+01 5.000E−01 5.000E+00 1.072E−06 0.000E+00 4.921E−01 2.032E+00 1.125E+02 1.125E+02 5.178E−02 6.856E+01 6.000E−01 6.000E+00 1.287E−06 0.000E+00 5.530E−01 1.808E+00 1.130E+02 1.130E+02 6.064E−02 6.568E+01 7.000E−01 7.000E+00 1.501E−06 0.000E+00 6.419E−01 1.558E+00 1.137E+02 1.137E+02 6.946E−02 6.340E+01 8.000E−01 8.000E+00 1.715E−06 0.000E+00 7.059E−01 1.417E+00 1.142E+02 1.142E+02 7.823E−02 6.155E+01 9.000E−01 9.000E+00 1.930E−06 0.000E+00 7.709E−01 1.297E+00 1.147E+02 1.147E+02 8.697E−02 6.000E+01 1.000E+00 1.000E+01 2.144E−06 0.000E+00 8.371E−01 1.195E+00 1.153E+02 1.153E+02 9.565E−02 5.867E+01 1.500E+00 1.500E+01 3.216E−06 0.000E+00 1.101E+00 9.085E−01 1.184E+02 1.184E+02 1.384E−01 5.409E+01 2.000E+00 2.000E+01 4.289E−06 0.000E+00 1.373E+00 7.282E−01 1.229E+02 1.229E+02 1.797E−01 5.128E+01 3.000E+00 3.000E+01 6.433E−06 0.000E+00 1.761E+00 5.680E−01 1.313E+02 1.313E+02 2.580E−01 4.785E+01 4.000E+00 4.000E+01 8.577E−06 0.000E+00 2.141E+00 4.671E−01 1.417E+02 1.417E+02 3.307E−01 4.575E+01 5.000E+00 5.000E+01 1.072E−05 0.000E+00 2.440E+00 4.099E−01 1.514E+02 1.514E+02 3.987E−01 4.429E+01 6.000E+00 6.000E+01 1.287E−05 0.000E+00 2.645E+00 3.780E−01 1.589E+02 1.589E+02 4.625E−01 4.319E+01 7.000E+00 7.000E+01 1.501E−05 0.000E+00 2.918E+00 3.427E−01 1.699E+02 1.699E+02 5.228E−01 4.232E+01 8.000E+00 8.000E+01 1.715E−05 0.000E+00 3.096E+00 3.230E−01 1.779E+02 1.779E+02 5.801E−01 4.162E+01 9.000E+00 9.000E+01 1.930E−05 0.000E+00 3.263E+00 3.065E−01 1.860E+02 1.860E+02 6.347E−01 4.103E+01 1.000E+01 1.000E+02 2.144E−05 0.000E+00 3.418E+00 2.926E−01 1.944E+02 1.944E+02 6.870E−01 4.052E+01 1.500E+01 1.500E+02 3.216E−05 0.000E+00 3.906E+00 2.560E−01 2.273E+02 2.273E+02 9.213E−01 3.878E+01 2.000E+01 2.000E+02 4.288E−05 0.000E+00 4.228E+00 2.365E−01 2.610E+02 2.610E+02 1.124E+00 3.771E+01 3.000E+01 3.000E+02 6.433E−05 0.000E+00 4.445E+00 2.250E−01 3.084E+02 3.084E+02 1.470E+00 3.640E+01 4.000E+01 4.000E+02 8.577E−05 0.000E+00 4.457E+00 2.244E−01 3.545E+02 3.545E+02 1.768E+00 3.560E+01 5.000E+01 5.000E+02 1.072E−04 0.000E+00 4.365E+00 2.291E−01 3.909E+02 3.838E+02 2.035E+00 3.505E+01 6.000E+01 6.000E+02 1.286E−04 0.000E+00 4.262E+00 2.346E−01 4.160E+02 3.963E+02 2.281E+00 3.463E+01 7.000E+01 7.000E+02 1.501E−04 0.000E+00 4.082E+00 2.450E−01 4.497E+02 4.137E+02 2.509E+00 3.430E+01 8.000E+01 8.000E+02 1.715E−04 0.000E+00 3.942E+00 2.537E−01 4.720E+02 4.255E+02 2.726E+00 3.403E+01 9.000E+01 9.000E+02 1.930E−04 0.000E+00 3.796E+00 2.635E−01 4.932E+02 4.368E+02 2.932E+00 3.381E+01 1.000E+02 1.000E+03 2.144E−04 0.000E+00 3.645E+00 2.743E−01 5.133E+02 4.475E+02 3.130E+00 3.361E+01 1.500E+02 1.500E+03 3.216E−04 0.000E+00 3.452E+00 2.897E−01 5.792E+02 4.815E+02 4.035E+00 3.295E+01 2.000E+02 2.000E+03 4.287E−04 0.000E+00 3.399E+00 2.942E−01 6.257E+02 5.011E+02 4.858E+00 3.254E+01 3.000E+02 3.000E+03 6.430E−04 0.000E+00 3.192E+00 3.133E−01 6.548E+02 4.984E+02 6.406E+00 3.205E+01 4.000E+02 4.000E+03 8.572E−04 1.593E+04 2.840E+00 3.521E−01 6.376E+02 4.543E+02 7.951E+00 3.174E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

4.000E+02 4.000E+03 8.572E−04 1.593E+04 2.840E+00 3.521E−01 6.376E+02 4.543E+02 7.951E+00 3.174E+01 5.000E+02 5.000E+03 1.071E−03 1.392E+04 2.558E+00 3.909E−01 6.120E+02 4.094E+02 9.550E+00 3.153E+01 6.000E+02 6.000E+03 1.285E−03 1.269E+04 2.370E+00 4.220E−01 5.907E+02 3.755E+02 1.123E+01 3.137E+01 7.000E+02 7.000E+03 1.499E−03 1.164E+04 2.200E+00 4.546E−01 5.690E+02 3.424E+02 1.297E+01 3.124E+01 8.000E+02 8.000E+03 1.713E−03 1.030E+04 1.975E+00 5.064E−01 5.366E+02 3.014E+02 1.480E+01 3.114E+01 9.000E+02 9.000E+03 1.927E−03 9.502E+03 1.835E+00 5.449E−01 5.144E+02 2.874E+02 1.671E+01 3.106E+01 1.000E+03 1.000E+04 2.141E−03 8.785E+03 1.707E+00 5.857E−01 4.927E+02 2.740E+02 1.871E+01 3.098E+01 1.500E+03 1.500E+04 3.209E−03 6.635E+03 1.308E+00 7.643E−01 4.160E+02 2.281E+02 2.990E+01 3.073E+01 2.000E+03 2.000E+04 4.275E−03 5.154E+03 1.023E+00 9.780E−01 3.518E+02 1.911E+02 4.314E+01 3.057E+01 3.000E+03 3.000E+04 6.402E−03 3.752E+03 7.455E−01 1.341E+00 2.807E+02 1.511E+02 7.561E+01 3.039E+01

3.027E+01 5.000E+03 5.000E+04 1.064E−02 2.294E+03 4.528E−01 2.208E+00 1.928E+02 1.029E+02 1.640E+02 3.019E+01 6.000E+03 6.000E+04 1.274E−02 1.994E+03 3.922E−01 2.550E+00 1.725E+02 9.197E+01 2.197E+02 3.013E+01 7.000E+03 7.000E+04 1.484E−02 1.753E+03 3.437E−01 2.910E+00 1.555E+02 8.288E+01 2.829E+02 3.008E+01 8.000E+03 8.000E+04 1.694E−02 1.471E+03 2.868E−01 3.487E+00 1.348E+02 7.180E+01 3.537E+02 3.004E+01 9.000E+03 9.000E+04 1.902E−02 1.314E+03 2.551E−01 3.920E+00 1.228E+02 6.542E+01 4.318E+02 3.001E+01 1.000E+04 1.000E+05 2.110E−02 1.180E+03 2.282E−01 4.382E+00 1.123E+02 5.986E+01 5.172E+02 2.998E+01 1.500E+04 1.500E+05 3.141E−02 8.187E+02 1.556E−01 6.425E+00 8.244E+01 4.410E+01 1.052E+03 2.988E+01 2.000E+04 2.000E+05 4.155E−02 6.019E+02 1.124E−01 8.897E+00 6.315E+01 3.401E+01 1.759E+03 2.983E+01 3.000E+04 3.000E+05 6.135E−02 4.193E+02 7.626E−02 1.311E+01 4.582E+01 2.499E+01 3.673E+03 2.975E+01 4.000E+04 4.000E+05 8.055E−02 3.105E+02 5.493E−02 1.821E+01 3.484E+01 1.930E+01 6.231E+03 2.971E+01 5.000E+04 5.000E+05 9.917E−02 2.651E+02 4.746E−02 2.107E+01 3.095E+01 1.684E+01 9.331E+03 2.968E+01 6.000E+04 6.000E+05 1.172E−01 2.192E+02 3.904E−02 2.562E+01 2.633E+01 1.428E+01 1.296E+04 2.966E+01 7.000E+04 7.000E+05 1.347E−01 1.939E+02 3.446E−02 2.902E+01 2.375E+01 1.284E+01 1.710E+04 2.964E+01 8.000E+04 8.000E+05 1.518E−01 1.648E+02 2.922E−02 3.422E+01 2.072E+01 1.115E+01 2.170E+04 2.962E+01 9.000E+04 9.000E+05 1.683E−01 1.488E+02 2.635E−02 3.795E+01 1.902E+01 1.020E+01 2.675E+04 2.961E+01 1.000E+05 1.000E+06 1.843E−01 1.422E+02 2.517E−02 3.973E+01 1.831E+01 9.801E+00 3.222E+04 2.960E+01 1.500E+05 1.500E+06 2.579E−01 9.898E+01 1.750E−02 5.713E+01 1.359E+01 7.147E+00 6.528E+04 2.956E+01 2.000E+05 2.000E+06 3.220E−01 8.088E+01 1.430E−02 6.994E+01 1.153E+01 5.994E+00 1.065E+05 2.954E+01 3.000E+05 3.000E+06 4.275E−01 5.949E+01 1.050E−02 9.524E+01 9.010E+00 4.597E+00 2.082E+05 2.951E+01 4.000E+05 4.000E+06 5.102E−01 5.058E+01 8.902E−03 1.123E+02 7.924E+00 4.005E+00 3.295E+05 2.950E+01 5.000E+05 5.000E+06 5.762E−01 4.454E+01 7.804E−03 1.281E+02 7.174E+00 3.604E+00 4.656E+05 2.948E+01 6.000E+05 6.000E+06 6.297E−01 4.019E+01 7.000E−03 1.429E+02 6.624E+00 3.317E+00 6.132E+05 2.948E+01 7.000E+05 7.000E+06 6.737E−01 3.783E+01 6.557E−03 1.525E+02 6.324E+00 3.164E+00 7.697E+05 2.947E+01 8.000E+05 8.000E+06 7.102E−01 3.594E+01 6.197E−03 1.614E+02 6.084E+00 3.044E+00 9.335E+05 2.946E+01 9.000E+05 9.000E+06 7.410E−01 3.440E+01 5.898E−03 1.695E+02 5.887E+00 2.949E+00 1.103E+06 2.946E+01 1.000E+06 1.000E+07 7.671E−01 3.312E+01 5.645E−03 1.771E+02 5.723E+00 2.873E+00 1.278E+06 2.945E+01

(b) Equilibrium Values

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

1.000E−01 1.000E+00 6.424E−02 1.557E+01 7.930E+01 8.295E+01 4.610E−02 7.930E+01 8.295E+01 4.610E−02 1.506E−02 1.500E−01 1.500E+00 9.124E−02 1.096E+01 8.576E+01 8.940E+01 4.239E−02 8.576E+01 8.940E+01 4.239E−02 1.997E−02 2.000E−01 2.000E+00 1.172E−01 8.535E+00 9.011E+01 9.359E+01 3.857E−02 9.011E+01 9.359E+01 3.857E−02 2.469E−02 3.000E−01 3.000E+00 1.665E−01 6.006E+00 9.568E+01 9.877E+01 3.220E−02 9.568E+01 9.877E+01 3.220E−02 3.386E−02 4.000E−01 4.000E+00 2.132E−01 4.690E+00 9.914E+01 1.019E+02 2.744E−02 9.914E+01 1.019E+02 2.744E−02 4.287E−02 5.000E−01 5.000E+00 2.578E−01 3.879E+00 1.015E+02 1.039E+02 2.386E−02 1.015E+02 1.039E+02 2.386E−02 5.178E−02 6.000E−01 6.000E+00 3.005E−01 3.328E+00 1.033E+02 1.054E+02 2.110E−02 1.033E+02 1.054E+02 2.110E−02 6.064E−02 7.000E−01 7.000E+00 3.415E−01 2.928E+00 1.046E+02 1.066E+02 1.892E−02 1.046E+02 1.066E+02 1.892E−02 6.946E−02 8.000E−01 8.000E+00 3.811E−01 2.624E+00 1.057E+02 1.075E+02 1.719E−02 1.057E+02 1.075E+02 1.719E−02 7.823E−02 9.000E−01 9.000E+00 4.194E−01 2.385E+00 1.066E+02 1.083E+02 1.578E−02 1.066E+02 1.083E+02 1.578E−02 8.697E−02 1.000E+00 1.000E+01 4.564E−01 2.191E+00 1.074E+02 1.090E+02 1.462E−02 1.074E+02 1.090E+02 1.462E−02 9.565E−02 1.500E+00 1.500E+01 6.259E−01 1.598E+00 1.104E+02 1.117E+02 1.114E−02 1.104E+02 1.117E+02 1.114E−02 1.384E−01 2.000E+00 2.000E+01 7.750E−01 1.290E+00 1.129E+02 1.140E+02 9.745E−03 1.129E+02 1.140E+02 9.745E−03 1.797E−01 3.000E+00 3.000E+01 1.029E+00 9.714E−01 1.174E+02 1.186E+02 9.785E−03 1.174E+02 1.186E+02 9.785E−03 2.580E−01 4.000E+00 4.000E+01 1.242E+00 8.049E−01 1.219E+02 1.233E+02 1.179E−02 1.219E+02 1.233E+02 1.179E−02 3.307E−01 5.000E+00 5.000E+01 1.426E+00 7.014E−01 1.262E+02 1.281E+02 1.486E−02 1.262E+02 1.281E+02 1.486E−02 3.987E−01 6.000E+00 6.000E+01 1.587E+00 6.303E−01 1.304E+02 1.328E+02 1.851E−02 1.304E+02 1.328E+02 1.851E−02 4.625E−01 7.000E+00 7.000E+01 1.730E+00 5.782E−01 1.345E+02 1.375E+02 2.247E−02 1.345E+02 1.375E+02 2.247E−02 5.228E−01 8.000E+00 8.000E+01 1.858E+00 5.382E−01 1.385E+02 1.422E+02 2.659E−02 1.385E+02 1.422E+02 2.659E−02 5.801E−01 9.000E+00 9.000E+01 1.974E+00 5.065E−01 1.423E+02 1.467E+02 3.075E−02 1.423E+02 1.467E+02 3.075E−02 6.347E−01 1.000E+01 1.000E+02 2.080E+00 4.807E−01 1.461E+02 1.512E+02 3.487E−02 1.461E+02 1.512E+02 3.487E−02 6.870E−01 1.500E+01 1.500E+02 2.497E+00 4.005E−01 1.632E+02 1.720E+02 5.400E−02 1.632E+02 1.720E+02 5.400E−02 9.213E−01

3.000E+01 3.000E+02 3.162E+00 3.163E−01 2.043E+02 2.236E+02 9.424E−02 2.043E+02 2.236E+02 9.424E−02 1.470E+00 4.000E+01 4.000E+02 3.382E+00 2.957E−01 2.265E+02 2.516E+02 1.112E−01 2.265E+02 2.516E+02 1.112E−01 1.768E+00 5.000E+01 5.000E+02 3.518E+00 2.843E−01 2.459E+02 2.762E+02 1.234E−01 2.457E+02 2.759E+02 1.228E−01 2.035E+00 6.000E+01 6.000E+02 3.602E+00 2.777E−01 2.633E+02 2.982E+02 1.324E−01 2.615E+02 2.947E+02 1.269E−01 2.281E+00 7.000E+01 7.000E+02 3.652E+00 2.738E−01 2.792E+02 3.180E+02 1.391E−01 2.748E+02 3.099E+02 1.277E−01 2.509E+00 8.000E+01 8.000E+02 3.680E+00 2.717E−01 2.937E+02 3.360E+02 1.441E−01 2.863E+02 3.227E+02 1.272E−01 2.726E+00 9.000E+01 9.000E+02 3.692E+00 2.708E−01 3.072E+02 3.526E+02 1.479E−01 2.966E+02 3.340E+02 1.260E−01 2.932E+00 1.000E+02 1.000E+03 3.693E+00 2.708E−01 3.197E+02 3.678E+02 1.506E−01 3.059E+02 3.440E+02 1.246E−01 3.130E+00 1.500E+02 1.500E+03 3.644E+00 2.744E−01 3.719E+02 4.296E+02 1.550E−01 3.422E+02 3.821E+02 1.164E−01 4.035E+00 2.000E+02 2.000E+03 3.608E+00 2.772E−01 4.119E+02 4.741E+02 1.512E−01 3.680E+02 4.076E+02 1.076E−01 4.858E+00 3.000E+02 3.000E+03 3.531E+00 2.832E−01 4.685E+02 5.314E+02 1.345E−01 4.005E+02 4.364E+02 8.956E−02 6.406E+00 4.000E+02 4.000E+03 3.426E+00 2.919E−01 5.033E+02 5.605E+02 1.137E−01 4.150E+02 4.451E+02 7.241E−02 7.951E+00

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

4.000E+02 4.000E+03 3.426E+00 2.919E−01 5.033E+02 5.605E+02 1.137E−01 4.150E+02 4.451E+02 7.241E−02 7.951E+00 5.000E+02 5.000E+03 3.303E+00 3.028E−01 5.236E+02 5.733E+02 9.496E−02 4.176E+02 4.426E+02 5.984E−02 9.550E+00 6.000E+02 6.000E+03 3.173E+00 3.152E−01 5.347E+02 5.775E+02 7.995E−02 4.131E+02 4.349E+02 5.280E−02 1.123E+01 7.000E+02 7.000E+03 3.045E+00 3.284E−01 5.398E+02 5.767E+02 6.845E−02 4.042E+02 4.248E+02 5.086E−02 1.297E+01 8.000E+02 8.000E+03 2.921E+00 3.423E−01 5.407E+02 5.730E+02 5.982E−02 3.927E+02 4.136E+02 5.337E−02 1.480E+01 9.000E+02 9.000E+03 2.804E+00 3.566E−01 5.387E+02 5.675E+02 5.346E−02 3.813E+02 4.031E+02 5.700E−02 1.671E+01 1.000E+03 1.000E+04 2.693E+00 3.713E−01 5.349E+02 5.610E+02 4.890E−02 3.705E+02 3.931E+02 6.107E−02 1.871E+01 1.500E+03 1.500E+04 2.232E+00 4.479E−01 5.019E+02 5.233E+02 4.273E−02 3.240E+02 3.516E+02 8.499E−02 2.990E+01 2.000E+03 2.000E+04 1.896E+00 5.275E−01 4.639E+02 4.872E+02 5.017E−02 2.878E+02 3.197E+02 1.106E−01 4.314E+01 3.000E+03 3.000E+04 1.447E+00 6.912E−01 3.971E+02 4.280E+02 7.786E−02 2.357E+02 2.735E+02 1.601E−01 7.561E+01 4.000E+03 4.000E+04 1.163E+00 8.595E−01 3.453E+02 3.832E+02 1.097E−01 2.001E+02 2.411E+02 2.049E−01 1.159E+02 5.000E+03 5.000E+04 9.694E−01 1.032E+00 3.052E+02 3.483E+02 1.412E−01 1.741E+02 2.168E+02 2.453E−01 1.640E+02 6.000E+03 6.000E+04 8.285E−01 1.207E+00 2.734E+02 3.202E+02 1.714E−01 1.543E+02 1.978E+02 2.821E−01 2.197E+02 7.000E+03 7.000E+04 7.218E−01 1.385E+00 2.476E+02 2.971E+02 1.997E−01 1.386E+02 1.823E+02 3.153E−01 2.829E+02 8.000E+03 8.000E+04 6.385E−01 1.566E+00 2.264E+02 2.777E+02 2.262E−01 1.260E+02 1.695E+02 3.458E−01 3.537E+02 9.000E+03 9.000E+04 5.716E−01 1.749E+00 2.086E+02 2.610E+02 2.511E−01 1.155E+02 1.587E+02 3.737E−01 4.318E+02 1.000E+04 1.000E+05 5.169E−01 1.934E+00 1.935E+02 2.467E+02 2.744E−01 1.068E+02 1.494E+02 3.994E−01 5.172E+02 1.500E+04 1.500E+05 3.470E−01 2.882E+00 1.428E+02 1.959E+02 3.720E−01 7.794E+01 1.171E+02 5.029E−01 1.052E+03 2.000E+04 2.000E+05 2.594E−01 3.855E+00 1.138E+02 1.647E+02 4.468E−01 6.187E+01 9.762E+01 5.778E−01 1.759E+03 3.000E+04 3.000E+05 1.709E−01 5.852E+00 8.177E+01 1.274E+02 5.580E−01 4.440E+01 7.465E+01 6.812E−01 3.673E+03 4.000E+04 4.000E+05 1.267E−01 7.893E+00 6.428E+01 1.054E+02 6.393E−01 3.502E+01 6.126E+01 7.494E−01 6.231E+03 5.000E+04 5.000E+05 1.012E−01 9.882E+00 5.365E+01 9.077E+01 6.919E−01 2.922E+01 5.254E+01 7.979E−01 9.331E+03 6.000E+04 6.000E+05 8.440E−02 1.185E+01 4.634E+01 8.024E+01 7.317E−01 2.523E+01 4.630E+01 8.353E−01 1.296E+04 7.000E+04 7.000E+05 7.254E−02 1.379E+01 4.100E+01 7.224E+01 7.622E−01 2.230E+01 4.158E+01 8.647E−01 1.710E+04 8.000E+04 8.000E+05 6.373E−02 1.569E+01 3.691E+01 6.593E+01 7.861E−01 2.006E+01 3.788E+01 8.885E−01 2.170E+04 9.000E+04 9.000E+05 5.693E−02 1.757E+01 3.369E+01 6.081E+01 8.050E−01 1.828E+01 3.489E+01 9.081E−01 2.675E+04 1.000E+05 1.000E+06 5.153E−02 1.941E+01 3.108E+01 5.656E+01 8.201E−01 1.684E+01 3.241E+01 9.244E−01 3.222E+04 1.500E+05 1.500E+06 3.555E−02 2.813E+01 2.300E+01 4.279E+01 8.601E−01 1.237E+01 2.442E+01 9.742E−01 6.528E+04 2.000E+05 2.000E+06 2.768E−02 3.612E+01 1.880E+01 3.513E+01 8.690E−01 1.003E+01 2.001E+01 9.940E−01 1.065E+05 3.000E+05 3.000E+06 1.990E−02 5.026E+01 1.442E+01 2.672E+01 8.526E−01 7.601E+00 1.516E+01 9.941E−01 2.082E+05 4.000E+05 4.000E+06 1.602E−02 6.242E+01 1.215E+01 2.210E+01 8.196E−01 6.341E+00 1.250E+01 9.705E−01 3.295E+05 5.000E+05 5.000E+06 1.370E−02 7.302E+01 1.075E+01 1.915E+01 7.826E−01 5.569E+00 1.079E+01 9.373E−01 4.656E+05 6.000E+05 6.000E+06 1.214E−02 8.237E+01 9.792E+00 1.709E+01 7.455E−01 5.047E+00 9.591E+00 9.004E−01 6.132E+05 7.000E+05 7.000E+06 1.102E−02 9.071E+01 9.100E+00 1.556E+01 7.103E−01 4.670E+00 8.701E+00 8.629E−01 7.697E+05 8.000E+05 8.000E+06 1.018E−02 9.821E+01 8.574E+00 1.438E+01 6.774E−01 4.387E+00 8.011E+00 8.262E−01 9.335E+05 9.000E+05 9.000E+06 9.525E−03 1.050E+02 8.161E+00 1.344E+01 6.467E−01 4.166E+00 7.459E+00 7.906E−01 1.103E+06 1.000E+06 1.000E+07 8.995E−03 1.112E+02 7.829E+00 1.267E+01 6.182E−01 3.989E+00 7.008E+00 7.567E−01 1.278E+06

BORON-11 IONS: A=11 Z=5 (a) Instantaneous Data

∆M=8.66794 MeV Mc2=1.0255E+04 MeV

E/A E ß2 z2/ß2 I mfp LET L100 R W

1.000E−01 1.100E+00 2.145E−07 0.000E+00 1.302E−01 7.682E+00 1.023E+02 1.023E+02 1.573E−02 1.063E+02 1.500E−01 1.650E+00 3.218E−07 0.000E+00 1.797E−01 5.565E+00 1.072E+02 1.072E+02 2.096E−02 9.431E+01 2.000E−01 2.200E+00 4.291E−07 0.000E+00 2.348E−01 4.260E+00 1.104E+02 1.104E+02 2.599E−02 8.693E+01 3.000E−01 3.300E+00 6.436E−07 0.000E+00 3.204E−01 3.122E+00 1.130E+02 1.130E+02 3.581E−02 7.793E+01 4.000E−01 4.400E+00 8.581E−07 0.000E+00 4.141E−01 2.415E+00 1.144E+02 1.144E+02 4.547E−02 7.241E+01 5.000E−01 5.500E+00 1.073E−06 0.000E+00 4.960E−01 2.016E+00 1.150E+02 1.150E+02 5.506E−02 6.856E+01 6.000E−01 6.600E+00 1.287E−06 0.000E+00 5.574E−01 1.794E+00 1.153E+02 1.153E+02 6.460E−02 6.568E+01 7.000E−01 7.700E+00 1.502E−06 0.000E+00 6.469E−01 1.546E+00 1.158E+02 1.158E+02 7.412E−02 6.340E+01 8.000E−01 8.800E+00 1.716E−06 0.000E+00 7.113E−01 1.406E+00 1.162E+02 1.162E+02 8.360E−02 6.155E+01 9.000E−01 9.900E+00 1.931E−06 0.000E+00 7.767E−01 1.287E+00 1.166E+02 1.166E+02 9.305E−02 6.000E+01 1.000E+00 1.100E+01 2.145E−06 0.000E+00 8.434E−01 1.186E+00 1.171E+02 1.171E+02 1.025E−01 5.867E+01 1.500E+00 1.650E+01 3.218E−06 0.000E+00 1.109E+00 9.020E−01 1.198E+02 1.198E+02 1.489E−01 5.409E+01 2.000E+00 2.200E+01 4.291E−06 0.000E+00 1.383E+00 7.233E−01 1.241E+02 1.241E+02 1.939E−01 5.128E+01 3.000E+00 3.300E+01 6.436E−06 0.000E+00 1.772E+00 5.644E−01 1.324E+02 1.324E+02 2.794E−01 4.785E+01 4.000E+00 4.400E+01 8.581E−06 0.000E+00 2.154E+00 4.643E−01 1.427E+02 1.427E+02 3.590E−01 4.575E+01 5.000E+00 5.500E+01 1.073E−05 0.000E+00 2.454E+00 4.076E−01 1.524E+02 1.524E+02 4.335E−01 4.429E+01 6.000E+00 6.600E+01 1.287E−05 0.000E+00 2.659E+00 3.760E−01 1.598E+02 1.598E+02 5.035E−01 4.319E+01 7.000E+00 7.700E+01 1.502E−05 0.000E+00 2.850E+00 3.509E−01 1.674E+02 1.674E+02 5.697E−01 4.232E+01 8.000E+00 8.800E+01 1.716E−05 0.000E+00 3.111E+00 3.215E−01 1.789E+02 1.789E+02 6.326E−01 4.162E+01 9.000E+00 9.900E+01 1.931E−05 0.000E+00 3.277E+00 3.052E−01 1.871E+02 1.871E+02 6.925E−01 4.103E+01 1.000E+01 1.100E+02 2.145E−05 0.000E+00 3.431E+00 2.914E−01 1.954E+02 1.954E+02 7.499E−01 4.052E+01 1.500E+01 1.650E+02 3.218E−05 0.000E+00 3.917E+00 2.553E−01 2.285E+02 2.285E+02 1.007E+00 3.878E+01 2.000E+01 2.200E+02 4.290E−05 0.000E+00 4.236E+00 2.361E−01 2.623E+02 2.623E+02 1.230E+00 3.771E+01 3.000E+01 3.300E+02 6.436E−05 0.000E+00 4.447E+00 2.249E−01 3.099E+02 3.099E+02 1.611E+00 3.640E+01 4.000E+01 4.400E+02 8.581E−05 0.000E+00 4.453E+00 2.245E−01 3.562E+02 3.562E+02 1.939E+00 3.560E+01 5.000E+01 5.500E+02 1.073E−04 0.000E+00 4.390E+00 2.278E−01 3.831E+02 3.801E+02 2.233E+00 3.505E+01 6.000E+01 6.600E+02 1.287E−04 0.000E+00 4.252E+00 2.352E−01 4.177E+02 3.972E+02 2.502E+00 3.463E+01 7.000E+01 7.700E+02 1.502E−04 0.000E+00 4.130E+00 2.421E−01 4.413E+02 4.093E+02 2.751E+00 3.430E+01 8.000E+01 8.800E+02 1.716E−04 0.000E+00 3.929E+00 2.545E−01 4.739E+02 4.264E+02 2.992E+00 3.403E+01 9.000E+01 9.900E+02 1.930E−04 0.000E+00 3.781E+00 2.645E−01 4.951E+02 4.377E+02 3.219E+00 3.381E+01 1.000E+02 1.100E+03 2.145E−04 0.000E+00 3.710E+00 2.695E−01 5.046E+02 4.428E+02 3.436E+00 3.361E+01 1.500E+02 1.650E+03 3.217E−04 0.000E+00 3.451E+00 2.897E−01 5.808E+02 4.823E+02 4.432E+00 3.295E+01 2.000E+02 2.200E+03 4.289E−04 0.000E+00 3.413E+00 2.930E−01 6.196E+02 4.990E+02 5.337E+00 3.254E+01 3.000E+02 3.300E+03 6.433E−04 0.000E+00 3.183E+00 3.142E−01 6.550E+02 4.977E+02 7.034E+00 3.205E+01 4.000E+02 4.400E+03 8.576E−04 1.636E+04 2.897E+00 3.452E−01 6.419E+02 4.625E+02 8.740E+00 3.174E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

4.000E+02 4.400E+03 8.576E−04 1.636E+04 2.897E+00 3.452E−01 6.419E+02 4.625E+02 8.740E+00 3.174E+01 5.000E+02 5.500E+03 1.072E−03 1.432E+04 2.618E+00 3.820E−01 6.181E+02 4.195E+02 1.050E+01 3.153E+01 6.000E+02 6.600E+03 1.286E−03 1.261E+04 2.357E+00 4.243E−01 5.892E+02 3.730E+02 1.234E+01 3.137E+01 7.000E+02 7.700E+03 1.500E−03 1.156E+04 2.187E+00 4.573E−01 5.673E+02 3.397E+02 1.427E+01 3.124E+01 8.000E+02 8.800E+03 1.714E−03 1.064E+04 2.033E+00 4.919E−01 5.454E+02 3.072E+02 1.628E+01 3.114E+01 9.000E+02 9.900E+03 1.928E−03 9.819E+03 1.892E+00 5.286E−01 5.236E+02 2.931E+02 1.838E+01 3.106E+01 1.000E+03 1.100E+04 2.142E−03 9.086E+03 1.762E+00 5.676E−01 5.022E+02 2.797E+02 2.057E+01 3.098E+01 1.500E+03 1.650E+04 3.210E−03 6.580E+03 1.298E+00 7.702E−01 4.139E+02 2.268E+02 3.288E+01 3.073E+01 2.000E+03 2.200E+04 4.277E−03 5.355E+03 1.062E+00 9.414E−01 3.613E+02 1.964E+02 4.745E+01 3.057E+01 3.000E+03 3.300E+04 6.405E−03 3.717E+03 7.389E−01 1.353E+00 2.789E+02 1.500E+02 8.317E+01 3.039E+01 4.000E+03 4.400E+04 8.526E−03 2.953E+03 5.857E−01 1.707E+00 2.346E+02 1.256E+02 1.275E+02 3.027E+01 5.000E+03 5.500E+04 1.064E−02 2.397E+03 4.738E−01 2.111E+00 1.997E+02 1.066E+02 1.804E+02 3.019E+01

3.013E+01 7.000E+03 7.700E+04 1.485E−02 1.735E+03 3.402E−01 2.939E+00 1.543E+02 8.220E+01 3.112E+02 3.008E+01 8.000E+03 8.800E+04 1.694E−02 1.540E+03 3.007E−01 3.326E+00 1.400E+02 7.454E+01 3.890E+02 3.004E+01 9.000E+03 9.900E+04 1.903E−02 1.375E+03 2.676E−01 3.737E+00 1.276E+02 6.794E+01 4.750E+02 3.001E+01 1.000E+04 1.100E+05 2.111E−02 1.236E+03 2.394E−01 4.177E+00 1.168E+02 6.218E+01 5.690E+02 2.998E+01 1.500E+04 1.650E+05 3.142E−02 8.104E+02 1.540E−01 6.493E+00 8.174E+01 4.372E+01 1.157E+03 2.988E+01 2.000E+04 2.200E+05 4.156E−02 6.300E+02 1.180E−01 8.472E+00 6.575E+01 3.535E+01 1.935E+03 2.983E+01 3.000E+04 3.300E+05 6.138E−02 4.151E+02 7.546E−02 1.325E+01 4.542E+01 2.477E+01 4.041E+03 2.975E+01 4.000E+04 4.400E+05 8.059E−02 3.246E+02 5.770E−02 1.733E+01 3.631E+01 2.006E+01 6.854E+03 2.971E+01 5.000E+04 5.500E+05 9.921E−02 2.625E+02 4.700E−02 2.128E+01 3.071E+01 1.670E+01 1.026E+04 2.968E+01 6.000E+04 6.600E+05 1.173E−01 2.171E+02 3.867E−02 2.586E+01 2.612E+01 1.416E+01 1.426E+04 2.966E+01 7.000E+04 7.700E+05 1.348E−01 1.921E+02 3.414E−02 2.929E+01 2.357E+01 1.274E+01 1.881E+04 2.964E+01 8.000E+04 8.800E+05 1.518E−01 1.719E+02 3.049E−02 3.279E+01 2.146E+01 1.156E+01 2.387E+04 2.962E+01 9.000E+04 9.900E+05 1.683E−01 1.551E+02 2.748E−02 3.639E+01 1.969E+01 1.057E+01 2.942E+04 2.961E+01 1.000E+05 1.100E+06 1.844E−01 1.409E+02 2.495E−02 4.009E+01 1.818E+01 9.723E+00 3.544E+04 2.960E+01 1.500E+05 1.650E+06 2.580E−01 9.815E+01 1.736E−02 5.760E+01 1.350E+01 7.095E+00 7.181E+04 2.956E+01 2.000E+05 2.200E+06 3.221E−01 8.024E+01 1.419E−02 7.048E+01 1.146E+01 5.953E+00 1.172E+05 2.954E+01 3.000E+05 3.300E+06 4.276E−01 5.908E+01 1.043E−02 9.589E+01 8.963E+00 4.570E+00 2.290E+05 2.951E+01 4.000E+05 4.400E+06 5.103E−01 5.027E+01 8.847E−03 1.130E+02 7.887E+00 3.984E+00 3.625E+05 2.950E+01 5.000E+05 5.500E+06 5.763E−01 4.430E+01 7.760E−03 1.289E+02 7.144E+00 3.587E+00 5.122E+05 2.948E+01 6.000E+05 6.600E+06 6.298E−01 3.999E+01 6.964E−03 1.436E+02 6.600E+00 3.304E+00 6.745E+05 2.948E+01 7.000E+05 7.700E+06 6.738E−01 3.766E+01 6.526E−03 1.532E+02 6.303E+00 3.153E+00 8.467E+05 2.947E+01 8.000E+05 8.800E+06 7.104E−01 3.580E+01 6.170E−03 1.621E+02 6.065E+00 3.035E+00 1.027E+06 2.946E+01 9.000E+05 9.900E+06 7.411E−01 3.427E+01 5.874E−03 1.703E+02 5.871E+00 2.941E+00 1.214E+06 2.946E+01 1.000E+06 1.100E+07 7.672E−01 3.301E+01 5.623E−03 1.778E+02 5.709E+00 2.866E+00 1.406E+06 2.945E+01

(b) Equilibrium Values

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

1.000E−01 1.100E+00 6.399E−02 1.563E+01 8.219E+01 8.604E+01 4.691E−02 8.219E+01 8.604E+01 4.691E−02 1.573E−02 1.500E−01 1.650E+00 9.106E−02 1.098E+01 8.881E+01 9.259E+01 4.261E−02 8.881E+01 9.259E+01 4.261E−02 2.096E−02 2.000E−01 2.200E+00 1.171E−01 8.543E+00 9.322E+01 9.681E+01 3.843E−02 9.322E+01 9.681E+01 3.843E−02 2.599E−02 3.000E−01 3.300E+00 1.666E−01 6.002E+00 9.881E+01 1.019E+02 3.166E−02 9.881E+01 1.019E+02 3.166E−02 3.581E−02 4.000E−01 4.400E+00 2.135E−01 4.683E+00 1.022E+02 1.049E+02 2.670E−02 1.022E+02 1.049E+02 2.670E−02 4.547E−02 5.000E−01 5.500E+00 2.583E−01 3.872E+00 1.045E+02 1.069E+02 2.301E−02 1.045E+02 1.069E+02 2.301E−02 5.506E−02 6.000E−01 6.600E+00 3.012E−01 3.320E+00 1.062E+02 1.083E+02 2.019E−02 1.062E+02 1.083E+02 2.019E−02 6.460E−02 7.000E−01 7.700E+00 3.424E−01 2.920E+00 1.074E+02 1.094E+02 1.799E−02 1.074E+02 1.094E+02 1.799E−02 7.412E−02 8.000E−01 8.800E+00 3.822E−01 2.616E+00 1.084E+02 1.102E+02 1.623E−02 1.084E+02 1.102E+02 1.623E−02 8.360E−02 9.000E−01 9.900E+00 4.206E−01 2.377E+00 1.093E+02 1.109E+02 1.481E−02 1.093E+02 1.109E+02 1.481E−02 9.305E−02 1.000E+00 1.100E+01 4.578E−01 2.184E+00 1.100E+02 1.115E+02 1.365E−02 1.100E+02 1.115E+02 1.365E−02 1.025E−01 1.500E+00 1.650E+01 6.282E−01 1.592E+00 1.127E+02 1.138E+02 1.014E-02 1.127E+02 1.138E+02 1.014E-02 1.489E−01 2.000E+00 2.200E+01 7.779E−01 1.286E+00 1.149E+02 1.159E+02 8.689E−03 1.149E+02 1.159E+02 8.689E−03 1.939E−01 3.000E+00 3.300E+01 1.033E+00 9.677E−01 1.192E+02 1.202E+02 8.554E−03 1.192E+02 1.202E+02 8.554E−03 2.794E−01 4.000E+00 4.400E+01 1.247E+00 8.019E−01 1.234E+02 1.247E+02 1.036E−02 1.234E+02 1.247E+02 1.036E−02 3.590E−01 5.000E+00 5.500E+01 1.431E+00 6.989E−01 1.276E+02 1.293E+02 1.325E−02 1.276E+02 1.293E+02 1.325E−02 4.335E−01 6.000E+00 6.600E+01 1.592E+00 6.281E−01 1.317E+02 1.339E+02 1.676E−02 1.317E+02 1.339E+02 1.676E−02 5.035E−01 7.000E+00 7.700E+01 1.735E+00 5.763E−01 1.357E+02 1.385E+02 2.060E−02 1.357E+02 1.385E+02 2.060E−02 5.697E−01 8.000E+00 8.800E+01 1.864E+00 5.365E−01 1.396E+02 1.431E+02 2.461E−02 1.396E+02 1.431E+02 2.461E−02 6.326E−01 9.000E+00 9.900E+01 1.980E+00 5.049E−01 1.434E+02 1.475E+02 2.868E−02 1.434E+02 1.475E+02 2.868E−02 6.925E−01 1.000E+01 1.100E+02 2.087E+00 4.793E−01 1.471E+02 1.519E+02 3.274E−02 1.471E+02 1.519E+02 3.274E−02 7.499E−01 1.500E+01 1.650E+02 2.503E+00 3.995E−01 1.641E+02 1.726E+02 5.171E−02 1.641E+02 1.726E+02 5.171E−02 1.007E+00 2.000E+01 2.200E+02 2.794E+00 3.579E−01 1.792E+02 1.913E+02 6.767E−02 1.792E+02 1.913E+02 6.767E−02 1.230E+00 3.000E+01 3.300E+02 3.168E+00 3.157E−01 2.051E+02 2.239E+02 9.197E−02 2.051E+02 2.239E+02 9.197E−02 1.611E+00

5.000E+01 5.500E+02 3.522E+00 2.839E−01 2.466E+02 2.765E+02 1.213E−01 2.463E+02 2.761E+02 1.206E−01 2.233E+00 6.000E+01 6.600E+02 3.606E+00 2.773E−01 2.640E+02 2.984E+02 1.305E−01 2.621E+02 2.948E+02 1.249E−01 2.502E+00 7.000E+01 7.700E+02 3.656E+00 2.736E−01 2.796E+02 3.179E+02 1.372E−01 2.752E+02 3.098E+02 1.259E−01 2.751E+00 8.000E+01 8.800E+02 3.684E+00 2.715E−01 2.943E+02 3.362E+02 1.424E−01 2.869E+02 3.229E+02 1.254E−01 2.992E+00 9.000E+01 9.900E+02 3.696E+00 2.706E−01 3.078E+02 3.528E+02 1.462E−01 2.971E+02 3.341E+02 1.244E−01 3.219E+00 1.000E+02 1.100E+03 3.696E+00 2.705E−01 3.203E+02 3.680E+02 1.490E−01 3.064E+02 3.441E+02 1.230E−01 3.436E+00 1.500E+02 1.650E+03 3.647E+00 2.742E−01 3.724E+02 4.297E+02 1.537E−01 3.427E+02 3.821E+02 1.151E−01 4.432E+00 2.000E+02 2.200E+03 3.610E+00 2.770E−01 4.123E+02 4.742E+02 1.501E−01 3.684E+02 4.076E+02 1.066E−01 5.337E+00 3.000E+02 3.300E+03 3.533E+00 2.831E−01 4.687E+02 5.314E+02 1.336E−01 4.007E+02 4.363E+02 8.879E−02 7.034E+00 4.000E+02 4.400E+03 3.427E+00 2.918E−01 5.036E+02 5.605E+02 1.130E−01 4.153E+02 4.451E+02 7.176E−02 8.740E+00

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

4.000E+02 4.400E+03 3.427E+00 2.918E−01 5.036E+02 5.605E+02 1.130E−01 4.153E+02 4.451E+02 7.176E−02 8.740E+00 5.000E+02 5.500E+03 3.303E+00 3.027E−01 5.239E+02 5.733E+02 9.437E−02 4.178E+02 4.426E+02 5.931E−02 1.050E+01 6.000E+02 6.600E+03 3.173E+00 3.151E−01 5.350E+02 5.775E+02 7.946E−02 4.133E+02 4.349E+02 5.236E−02 1.234E+01 7.000E+02 7.700E+03 3.045E+00 3.284E−01 5.400E+02 5.767E+02 6.804E−02 4.043E+02 4.247E+02 5.052E−02 1.427E+01 8.000E+02 8.800E+03 2.922E+00 3.423E−01 5.409E+02 5.730E+02 5.945E−02 3.927E+02 4.135E+02 5.321E−02 1.628E+01 9.000E+02 9.900E+03 2.804E+00 3.566E−01 5.389E+02 5.676E+02 5.313E−02 3.813E+02 4.030E+02 5.689E−02 1.838E+01 1.000E+03 1.100E+04 2.693E+00 3.713E−01 5.350E+02 5.610E+02 4.862E−02 3.705E+02 3.930E+02 6.099E−02 2.057E+01 1.500E+03 1.650E+04 2.232E+00 4.479E−01 5.020E+02 5.234E+02 4.255E−02 3.240E+02 3.515E+02 8.494E−02 3.288E+01 2.000E+03 2.200E+04 1.896E+00 5.275E−01 4.639E+02 4.872E+02 5.006E−02 2.878E+02 3.196E+02 1.106E−01 4.745E+01 3.000E+03 3.300E+04 1.446E+00 6.913E−01 3.971E+02 4.280E+02 7.787E−02 2.356E+02 2.734E+02 1.601E−01 8.317E+01 4.000E+03 4.400E+04 1.163E+00 8.596E−01 3.453E+02 3.832E+02 1.097E−01 2.000E+02 2.410E+02 2.050E−01 1.275E+02 5.000E+03 5.500E+04 9.693E−01 1.032E+00 3.052E+02 3.483E+02 1.412E−01 1.740E+02 2.167E+02 2.454E−01 1.804E+02 6.000E+03 6.600E+04 8.284E−01 1.207E+00 2.734E+02 3.202E+02 1.714E−01 1.542E+02 1.977E+02 2.820E−01 2.416E+02 7.000E+03 7.700E+04 7.217E−01 1.386E+00 2.476E+02 2.971E+02 1.997E−01 1.386E+02 1.823E+02 3.154E−01 3.112E+02 8.000E+03 8.800E+04 6.384E−01 1.567E+00 2.264E+02 2.777E+02 2.262E−01 1.259E+02 1.695E+02 3.458E−01 3.890E+02 9.000E+03 9.900E+04 5.715E−01 1.750E+00 2.086E+02 2.610E+02 2.511E−01 1.155E+02 1.587E+02 3.737E−01 4.750E+02 1.000E+04 1.100E+05 5.169E−01 1.935E+00 1.935E+02 2.467E+02 2.745E−01 1.067E+02 1.494E+02 3.995E−01 5.690E+02 1.500E+04 1.650E+05 3.470E−01 2.882E+00 1.428E+02 1.959E+02 3.720E−01 7.791E+01 1.171E+02 5.029E−01 1.157E+03 2.000E+04 2.200E+05 2.594E−01 3.855E+00 1.138E+02 1.647E+02 4.469E−01 6.185E+01 9.759E+01 5.779E−01 1.935E+03 3.000E+04 3.300E+05 1.709E−01 5.852E+00 8.177E+01 1.274E+02 5.580E−01 4.439E+01 7.463E+01 6.812E−01 4.041E+03 4.000E+04 4.400E+05 1.267E−01 7.894E+00 6.428E+01 1.054E+02 6.394E−01 3.501E+01 6.124E+01 7.495E−01 6.854E+03 5.000E+04 5.500E+05 1.012E-01 9.886E+00 5.363E+01 9.078E+01 6.926E−01 2.921E+01 5.252E+01 7.981E−01 1.026E+04 6.000E+04 6.600E+05 8.437E−02 1.185E+01 4.633E+01 8.025E+01 7.322E−01 2.522E+01 4.628E+01 8.353E−01 1.426E+04 7.000E+04 7.700E+05 7.251E−02 1.379E+01 4.099E+01 7.225E+01 7.627E−01 2.229E+01 4.157E+01 8.648E−01 1.881E+04 8.000E+04 8.800E+05 6.371E−02 1.570E+01 3.691E+01 6.593E+01 7.865E−01 2.005E+01 3.787E+01 8.886E−01 2.387E+04 9.000E+04 9.900E+05 5.691E−02 1.757E+01 3.368E+01 6.081E+01 8.053E−01 1.828E+01 3.487E+01 9.082E−01 2.942E+04 1.000E+05 1.100E+06 5.152E−02 1.941E+01 3.107E+01 5.656E+01 8.204E−01 1.683E+01 3.240E+01 9.245E−01 3.544E+04 1.500E+05 1.650E+06 3.554E−02 2.814E+01 2.300E+01 4.278E+01 8.601E−01 1.237E+01 2.441E+01 9.741E−01 7.181E+04 2.000E+05 2.200E+06 2.768E−02 3.613E+01 1.879E+01 3.513E+01 8.691E−01 1.003E+01 2.000E+01 9.940E−01 1.172E+05 3.000E+05 3.300E+06 1.990E−02 5.026E+01 1.442E+01 2.671E+01 8.522E−01 7.600E+00 1.515E+01 9.936E−01 2.290E+05 4.000E+05 4.400E+06 1.602E−02 6.242E+01 1.215E+01 2.210E+01 8.193E−01 6.340E+00 1.249E+01 9.701E−01 3.625E+05 5.000E+05 5.500E+06 1.369E−02 7.303E+01 1.075E+01 1.915E+01 7.825E−01 5.567E+00 1.078E+01 9.371E−01 5.122E+05 6.000E+05 6.600E+06 1.214E−02 8.238E+01 9.792E+00 1.709E+01 7.454E−01 5.045E+00 9.587E+00 9.002E−01 6.745E+05 7.000E+05 7.700E+06 1.102E−02 9.072E+01 9.099E+00 1.556E+01 7.103E−01 4.669E+00 8.698E+00 8.628E−01 8.467E+05 8.000E+05 8.800E+06 1.018E−02 9.822E+01 8.574E+00 1.438E+01 6.773E−01 4.386E+00 8.008E+00 8.259E−01 1.027E+06 9.000E+05 9.900E+06 9.524E−03 1.050E+02 8.162E+00 1.344E+01 6.465E−01 4.165E+00 7.457E+00 7.902E−01 1.214E+06 1.000E+06 1.100E+07 8.994E−03 1.112E+02 7.829E+00 1.267E+01 6.181E−01 3.989E+00 7.005E+00 7.564E−01 1.406E+06

CARBON-10 IONS: A=10 Z=6 (a) Instantaneous Data

∆M=15.70297 MeV Mc2=9.3306E+03 MeV

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

1.000E−01 1.000E+00 2.143E−07 0.000E+00 1.365E−01 7.328E+00 1.137E+02 1.137E+02 1.366E−02 1.167E+02

1.031E+02 2.000E−01 2.000E+00 4.287E−07 0.000E+00 2.477E−01 4.037E+00 1.256E+02 1.256E+02 2.193E−02 9.482E+01 3.000E−01 3.000E+00 6.430E−07 0.000E+00 3.394E−01 2.946E+00 1.303E+02 1.303E+02 2.971E−02 8.467E+01 4.000E−01 4.000E+00 8.574E−07 0.000E+00 4.404E−01 2.271E+00 1.333E+02 1.333E+02 3.727E−02 7.845E+01 5.000E−01 5.000E+00 1.072E−06 0.000E+00 5.289E−01 1.891E+00 1.350E+02 1.350E+02 4.471E−02 7.411E+01 6.000E−01 6.000E+00 1.286E−06 0.000E+00 5.955E−01 1.679E+00 1.361E+02 1.361E+02 5.208E−02 7.085E+01 7.000E−01 7.000E+00 1.500E−06 0.000E+00 6.927E−01 1.444E+00 1.373E+02 1.373E+02 5.938E−02 6.829E+01 8.000E−01 8.000E+00 1.715E−06 0.000E+00 7.630E−01 1.311E+00 1.381E+02 1.381E+02 6.664E−02 6.620E+01 9.000E−01 9.000E+00 1.929E−06 0.000E+00 8.345E−01 1.198E+00 1.390E+02 1.390E+02 7.385E−02 6.445E+01 1.000E+00 1.000E+01 2.143E−06 0.000E+00 9.075E−01 1.102E+00 1.398E+02 1.398E+02 8.101E−02 6.296E+01 1.500E+00 1.500E+01 3.215E−06 0.000E+00 1.199E+00 8.339E−01 1.437E+02 1.437E+02 1.162E−01 5.779E+01 2.000E+00 2.000E+01 4.287E−06 0.000E+00 1.503E+00 6.655E−01 1.489E+02 1.489E+02 1.503E−01 5.462E+01 3.000E+00 3.000E+01 6.430E−06 0.000E+00 1.937E+00 5.162E−01 1.584E+02 1.584E+02 2.150E−01 5.076E+01 4.000E+00 4.000E+01 8.574E−06 0.000E+00 2.367E+00 4.224E−01 1.702E+02 1.702E+02 2.755E−01 4.839E+01 5.000E+00 5.000E+01 1.072E−05 0.000E+00 2.708E+00 3.692E−01 1.811E+02 1.811E+02 3.322E−01 4.673E+01 6.000E+00 6.000E+01 1.286E−05 0.000E+00 2.944E+00 3.397E−01 1.896E+02 1.896E+02 3.857E−01 4.550E+01 7.000E+00 7.000E+01 1.500E−05 0.000E+00 3.259E+00 3.069E−01 2.022E+02 2.022E+02 4.363E−01 4.452E+01 8.000E+00 8.000E+01 1.715E−05 0.000E+00 3.465E+00 2.886E−01 2.113E+02 2.113E+02 4.845E−01 4.372E+01 9.000E+00 9.000E+01 1.929E−05 0.000E+00 3.659E+00 2.733E−01 2.207E+02 2.207E+02 5.305E−01 4.306E+01 1.000E+01 1.000E+02 2.143E−05 0.000E+00 3.842E+00 2.603E−01 2.303E+02 2.303E+02 5.745E−01 4.249E+01 1.500E+01 1.500E+02 3.215E−05 0.000E+00 4.423E+00 2.261E−01 2.686E+02 2.686E+02 7.727E−01 4.052E+01 2.000E+01 2.000E+02 4.287E−05 0.000E+00 4.820E+00 2.075E−01 3.080E+02 3.080E+02 9.442E−01 3.931E+01 3.000E+01 3.000E+02 6.430E−05 0.000E+00 5.109E+00 1.957E−01 3.638E+02 3.638E+02 1.238E+00 3.784E+01 4.000E+01 4.000E+02 8.573E−05 0.000E+00 5.159E+00 1.938E−01 4.188E+02 4.188E+02 1.490E+00 3.694E+01 5.000E+01 5.000E+02 1.072E−04 0.000E+00 5.080E+00 1.969E−01 4.624E+02 4.540E+02 1.716E+00 3.631E+01 6.000E+01 6.000E+02 1.286E−04 0.000E+00 4.977E+00 2.009E−01 4.929E+02 4.692E+02 1.923E+00 3.584E+01 7.000E+01 7.000E+02 1.500E−04 0.000E+00 4.790E+00 2.088E−01 5.340E+02 4.906E+02 2.116E+00 3.547E+01 8.000E+01 8.000E+02 1.715E−04 0.000E+00 4.640E+00 2.155E−01 5.616E+02 5.054E+02 2.298E+00 3.517E+01 9.000E+01 9.000E+02 1.929E−04 0.000E+00 4.482E+00 2.231E−01 5.879E+02 5.198E+02 2.471E+00 3.491E+01 1.000E+02 1.000E+03 2.143E−04 0.000E+00 4.318E+00 2.316E−01 6.131E+02 5.337E+02 2.633E+00 3.470E+01 1.500E+02 1.500E+03 3.214E−04 0.000E+00 4.135E+00 2.418E−01 6.983E+02 5.804E+02 3.391E+00 3.395E+01 2.000E+02 2.000E+03 4.286E−04 0.000E+00 4.124E+00 2.425E−01 7.633E+02 6.129E+02 4.069E+00 3.349E+01 3.000E+02 3.000E+03 6.427E−04 0.000E+00 3.962E+00 2.524E−01 8.166E+02 6.277E+02 5.323E+00 3.293E+01 4.000E+02 4.000E+03 8.568E−04 2.042E+04 3.626E+00 2.758E−01 8.173E+02 5.959E+02 6.539E+00 3.258E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

4.000E+02 4.000E+03 8.568E−04 2.042E+04 3.626E+00 2.758E−01 8.173E+02 5.959E+02 6.539E+00 3.258E+01 5.000E+02 5.000E+03 1.071E−03 1.803E+04 3.300E+00 3.031E−01 7.921E+02 5.475E+02 7.779E+00 3.234E+01 6.000E+02 6.000E+03 1.285E−03 1.654E+04 3.077E+00 3.250E−01 7.696E+02 5.097E+02 9.065E+00 3.217E+01 7.000E+02 7.000E+03 1.499E−03 1.526E+04 2.874E+00 3.479E−01 7.457E+02 4.720E+02 1.040E+01 3.202E+01 8.000E+02 8.000E+03 1.713E−03 1.361E+04 2.601E+00 3.844E−01 7.088E+02 4.165E+02 1.179E+01 3.191E+01 9.000E+02 9.000E+03 1.926E−03 1.262E+04 2.430E+00 4.115E−01 6.829E+02 3.817E+02 1.323E+01 3.181E+01 1.000E+03 1.000E+04 2.140E−03 1.172E+04 2.271E+00 4.403E−01 6.572E+02 3.656E+02 1.473E+01 3.173E+01 1.500E+03 1.500E+04 3.207E−03 8.989E+03 1.768E+00 5.656E−01 5.634E+02 3.090E+02 2.305E+01 3.144E+01 2.000E+03 2.000E+04 4.273E−03 7.066E+03 1.399E+00 7.149E−01 4.822E+02 2.620E+02 3.275E+01 3.127E+01 3.000E+03 3.000E+04 6.400E−03 5.215E+03 1.034E+00 9.671E−01 3.900E+02 2.100E+02 5.625E+01 3.106E+01 4.000E+03 4.000E+04 8.519E−03 3.975E+03 7.863E−01 1.272E+00 3.189E+02 1.707E+02 8.507E+01 3.093E+01 5.000E+03 5.000E+04 1.063E−02 3.247E+03 6.397E−01 1.563E+00 2.728E+02 1.457E+02 1.191E+02 3.083E+01 6.000E+03 6.000E+04 1.274E−02 2.833E+03 5.565E−01 1.797E+00 2.451E+02 1.307E+02 1.584E+02 3.077E+01 7.000E+03 7.000E+04 1.484E−02 2.500E+03 4.892E−01 2.044E+00 2.217E+02 1.182E+02 2.028E+02 3.071E+01

3.067E+01 9.000E+03 9.000E+04 1.902E−02 1.883E+03 3.649E−01 2.740E+00 1.759E+02 9.373E+01 3.069E+02 3.063E+01 1.000E+04 1.000E+05 2.110E−02 1.693E+03 3.269E−01 3.059E+00 1.611E+02 8.588E+01 3.665E+02 3.060E+01 1.500E+04 1.500E+05 3.139E−02 1.177E+03 2.235E−01 4.474E+00 1.185E+02 6.342E+01 7.385E+02 3.049E+01 2.000E+04 2.000E+05 4.153E−02 8.665E+02 1.616E−01 6.189E+00 9.088E+01 4.895E+01 1.230E+03 3.042E+01 3.000E+04 3.000E+05 6.133E−02 6.039E+02 1.097E−01 9.116E+00 6.597E+01 3.599E+01 2.560E+03 3.034E+01 4.000E+04 4.000E+05 8.052E−02 4.473E+02 7.903E−02 1.265E+01 5.016E+01 2.780E+01 4.336E+03 3.029E+01 5.000E+04 5.000E+05 9.914E−02 3.819E+02 6.828E−02 1.464E+01 4.457E+01 2.426E+01 6.489E+03 3.026E+01 6.000E+04 6.000E+05 1.172E−01 3.157E+02 5.617E−02 1.780E+01 3.791E+01 2.057E+01 9.012E+03 3.023E+01 7.000E+04 7.000E+05 1.347E−01 2.794E+02 4.959E−02 2.017E+01 3.419E+01 1.850E+01 1.188E+04 3.021E+01 8.000E+04 8.000E+05 1.517E−01 2.374E+02 4.205E−02 2.378E+01 2.983E+01 1.606E+01 1.508E+04 3.020E+01 9.000E+04 9.000E+05 1.682E−01 2.144E+02 3.792E−02 2.637E+01 2.739E+01 1.469E+01 1.858E+04 3.018E+01 1.000E+05 1.000E+06 1.842E−01 2.048E+02 3.622E−02 2.761E+01 2.637E+01 1.412E+01 2.238E+04 3.017E+01 1.500E+05 1.500E+06 2.578E−01 1.426E+02 2.519E−02 3.970E+01 1.957E+01 1.029E+01 4.534E+04 3.013E+01 2.000E+05 2.000E+06 3.219E−01 1.165E+02 2.058E−02 4.860E+01 1.661E+01 8.634E+00 7.398E+04 3.010E+01 3.000E+05 3.000E+06 4.274E−01 8.568E+01 1.511E−02 6.618E+01 1.297E+01 6.621E+00 1.446E+05 3.007E+01 4.000E+05 4.000E+06 5.101E−01 7.285E+01 1.281E−02 7.806E+01 1.141E+01 5.769E+00 2.289E+05 3.005E+01 5.000E+05 5.000E+06 5.761E−01 6.416E+01 1.123E−02 8.903E+01 1.033E+01 5.190E+00 3.234E+05 3.004E+01 6.000E+05 6.000E+06 6.296E−01 5.788E+01 1.007E-02 9.927E+01 9.538E+00 4.777E+00 4.258E+05 3.003E+01 7.000E+05 7.000E+06 6.735E−01 5.448E+01 9.437E−03 1.060E+02 9.107E+00 4.556E+00 5.345E+05 3.002E+01 8.000E+05 8.000E+06 7.101E−01 5.177E+01 8.920E−03 1.121E+02 8.760E+00 4.384E+00 6.483E+05 3.002E+01 9.000E+05 9.000E+06 7.409E−01 4.955E+01 8.489E−03 1.178E+02 8.477E+00 4.247E+00 7.662E+05 3.001E+01 1.000E+06 1.000E+07 7.670E−01 4.770E+01 8.125E−03 1.231E+02 8.242E+00 4.137E+00 8.875E+05 3.001E+01

(b) Equilibrium Values

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

1.000E−01 1.000E+00 6.696E−02 1.493E+01 8.925E+01 9.401E+01 5.332E−02 8.925E+01 9.401E+01 5.332E−02 1.366E−02 1.500E−01 1.500E+00 9.528E−02 1.050E+01 9.733E+01 1.022E+02 5.007E−02 9.733E+01 1.022E+02 5.007E−02 1.789E−02 2.000E−01 2.000E+00 1.226E−01 8.160E+00 1.029E+02 1.077E+02 4.638E−02 1.029E+02 1.077E+02 4.638E−02 2.193E−02 3.000E−01 3.000E+00 1.747E−01 5.725E+00 1.103E+02 1.147E+02 3.987E−02 1.103E+02 1.147E+02 3.987E−02 2.971E−02 4.000E−01 4.000E+00 2.242E−01 4.459E+00 1.151E+02 1.191E+02 3.478E−02 1.151E+02 1.191E+02 3.478E−02 3.727E−02 5.000E−01 5.000E+00 2.717E−01 3.680E+00 1.186E+02 1.222E+02 3.082E−02 1.186E+02 1.222E+02 3.082E−02 4.471E−02 6.000E−01 6.000E+00 3.174E−01 3.151E+00 1.211E+02 1.245E+02 2.769E−02 1.211E+02 1.245E+02 2.769E−02 5.208E−02 7.000E−01 7.000E+00 3.614E−01 2.767E+00 1.232E+02 1.263E+02 2.516E−02 1.232E+02 1.263E+02 2.516E−02 5.938E−02 8.000E−01 8.000E+00 4.041E−01 2.475E+00 1.248E+02 1.277E+02 2.310E−02 1.248E+02 1.277E+02 2.310E−02 6.664E−02 9.000E−01 9.000E+00 4.453E−01 2.245E+00 1.262E+02 1.289E+02 2.140E−02 1.262E+02 1.289E+02 2.140E−02 7.385E−02 1.000E+00 1.000E+01 4.854E−01 2.060E+00 1.275E+02 1.300E+02 1.998E−02 1.275E+02 1.300E+02 1.998E−02 8.101E−02 1.500E+00 1.500E+01 6.703E−01 1.492E+00 1.320E+02 1.340E+02 1.551E−02 1.320E+02 1.340E+02 1.551E−02 1.162E−01 2.000E+00 2.000E+01 8.344E−01 1.198E+00 1.354E+02 1.372E+02 1.346E−02 1.354E+02 1.372E+02 1.346E−02 1.503E−01 3.000E+00 3.000E+01 1.117E+00 8.950E−01 1.412E+02 1.430E+02 1.258E−02 1.412E+02 1.430E+02 1.258E−02 2.150E−01 4.000E+00 4.000E+01 1.357E+00 7.372E−01 1.465E+02 1.486E+02 1.384E−02 1.465E+02 1.486E+02 1.384E−02 2.755E−01 5.000E+00 5.000E+01 1.564E+00 6.395E−01 1.517E+02 1.541E+02 1.622E−02 1.517E+02 1.541E+02 1.622E−02 3.322E−01 6.000E+00 6.000E+01 1.747E+00 5.725E−01 1.566E+02 1.596E+02 1.924E−02 1.566E+02 1.596E+02 1.924E−02 3.857E−01 7.000E+00 7.000E+01 1.910E+00 5.236E−01 1.614E+02 1.650E+02 2.263E−02 1.614E+02 1.650E+02 2.263E−02 4.363E−01 8.000E+00 8.000E+01 2.057E+00 4.861E−01 1.660E+02 1.703E+02 2.624E−02 1.660E+02 1.703E+02 2.624E−02 4.845E−01 9.000E+00 9.000E+01 2.191E+00 4.564E−01 1.705E+02 1.756E+02 2.992E−02 1.705E+02 1.756E+02 2.992E−02 5.305E−01 1.000E+01 1.000E+02 2.313E+00 4.323E−01 1.748E+02 1.807E+02 3.363E−02 1.748E+02 1.807E+02 3.363E−02 5.745E−01 1.500E+01 1.500E+02 2.797E+00 3.576E−01 1.947E+02 2.047E+02 5.131E−02 1.947E+02 2.047E+02 5.131E−02 7.727E−01 2.000E+01 2.000E+02 3.138E+00 3.187E−01 2.123E+02 2.265E+02 6.655E−02 2.123E+02 2.265E+02 6.655E−02 9.442E−01 3.000E+01 3.000E+02 3.583E+00 2.791E−01 2.428E+02 2.647E+02 9.024E−02 2.428E+02 2.647E+02 9.024E−02 1.238E+00 4.000E+01 4.000E+02 3.850E+00 2.597E−01 2.688E+02 2.976E+02 1.073E−01 2.688E+02 2.976E+02 1.073E−01 1.490E+00 5.000E+01 5.000E+02 4.014E+00 2.492E−01 2.913E+02 3.265E+02 1.208E−01 2.911E+02 3.261E+02 1.202E−01 1.716E+00 6.000E+01 6.000E+02 4.125E+00 2.424E−01 3.123E+02 3.527E+02 1.295E−01 3.101E+02 3.485E+02 1.239E−01 1.923E+00

8.000E+01 8.000E+02 4.234E+00 2.362E−01 3.484E+02 3.980E+02 1.425E−01 3.395E+02 3.820E+02 1.251E−01 2.298E+00 9.000E+01 9.000E+02 4.255E+00 2.350E−01 3.645E+02 4.180E+02 1.469E−01 3.518E+02 3.955E+02 1.245E−01 2.471E+00 1.000E+02 1.000E+03 4.263E+00 2.346E−01 3.792E+02 4.361E+02 1.502E−01 3.626E+02 4.075E+02 1.236E−01 2.633E+00 1.500E+02 1.500E+03 4.236E+00 2.361E−01 4.426E+02 5.124E+02 1.577E−01 4.070E+02 4.549E+02 1.177E−01 3.391E+00 2.000E+02 2.000E+03 4.220E+00 2.370E−01 4.918E+02 5.688E+02 1.565E−01 4.393E+02 4.881E+02 1.112E−01 4.069E+00 3.000E+02 3.000E+03 4.178E+00 2.393E−01 5.638E+02 6.451E+02 1.442E−01 4.829E+02 5.297E+02 9.683E−02 5.323E+00 4.000E+02 4.000E+03 4.105E+00 2.436E−01 6.120E+02 6.895E+02 1.267E−01 5.074E+02 5.488E+02 8.165E−02 6.539E+00

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

4.000E+02 4.000E+03 4.105E+00 2.436E−01 6.120E+02 6.895E+02 1.267E−01 5.074E+02 5.488E+02 8.165E−02 6.539E+00 5.000E+02 5.000E+03 4.002E+00 2.499E−01 6.430E+02 7.126E+02 1.082E−01 5.177E+02 5.527E+02 6.765E−02 7.779E+00 6.000E+02 6.000E+03 3.882E+00 2.576E−01 6.621E+02 7.234E+02 9.259E−02 5.185E+02 5.485E+02 5.796E−02 9.065E+00 7.000E+02 7.000E+03 3.756E+00 2.662E−01 6.733E+02 7.271E+02 7.993E−02 5.132E+02 5.400E+02 5.231E−02 1.040E+01 8.000E+02 8.000E+03 3.628E+00 2.756E−01 6.786E+02 7.263E+02 7.039E−02 5.036E+02 5.293E+02 5.094E−02 1.179E+01 9.000E+02 9.000E+03 3.505E+00 2.853E−01 6.802E+02 7.228E+02 6.259E−02 4.918E+02 5.176E+02 5.243E−02 1.323E+01 1.000E+03 1.000E+04 3.388E+00 2.951E−01 6.794E+02 7.173E+02 5.591E−02 4.799E+02 5.061E+02 5.461E−02 1.473E+01 1.500E+03 1.500E+04 2.874E+00 3.479E−01 6.512E+02 6.791E+02 4.298E−02 4.264E+02 4.574E+02 7.274E−02 2.305E+01 2.000E+03 2.000E+04 2.481E+00 4.031E−01 6.110E+02 6.384E+02 4.492E−02 3.834E+02 4.192E+02 9.348E−02 3.275E+01 3.000E+03 3.000E+04 1.934E+00 5.170E−01 5.337E+02 5.682E+02 6.461E−02 3.194E+02 3.626E+02 1.354E−01 5.625E+01 4.000E+03 4.000E+04 1.578E+00 6.337E−01 4.705E+02 5.131E+02 9.053E−02 2.743E+02 3.221E+02 1.744E−01 8.507E+01 5.000E+03 5.000E+04 1.329E+00 7.527E−01 4.200E+02 4.693E+02 1.174E−01 2.408E+02 2.914E+02 2.101E−01 1.191E+02 6.000E+03 6.000E+04 1.144E+00 8.738E−01 3.791E+02 4.337E+02 1.439E−01 2.148E+02 2.670E+02 2.430E−01 1.584E+02 7.000E+03 7.000E+04 1.003E+00 9.967E−01 3.455E+02 4.039E+02 1.692E−01 1.941E+02 2.471E+02 2.731E−01 2.028E+02 8.000E+03 8.000E+04 8.918E−01 1.121E+00 3.173E+02 3.787E+02 1.933E−01 1.772E+02 2.305E+02 3.010E−01 2.523E+02 9.000E+03 9.000E+04 8.016E−01 1.247E+00 2.935E+02 3.570E+02 2.162E−01 1.630E+02 2.163E+02 3.270E−01 3.069E+02 1.000E+04 1.000E+05 7.273E−01 1.375E+00 2.731E+02 3.381E+02 2.379E−01 1.511E+02 2.041E+02 3.511E−01 3.665E+02 1.500E+04 1.500E+05 4.929E−01 2.029E+00 2.033E+02 2.706E+02 3.309E−01 1.112E+02 1.613E+02 4.503E−01 7.385E+02 2.000E+04 2.000E+05 3.701E−01 2.702E+00 1.628E+02 2.285E+02 4.040E−01 8.860E+01 1.350E+02 5.239E−01 1.230E+03 3.000E+04 3.000E+05 2.447E−01 4.086E+00 1.173E+02 1.777E+02 5.143E−01 6.379E+01 1.038E+02 6.274E−01 2.560E+03 4.000E+04 4.000E+05 1.817E−01 5.502E+00 9.237E+01 1.474E+02 5.959E−01 5.037E+01 8.548E+01 6.971E−01 4.336E+03 5.000E+04 5.000E+05 1.453E−01 6.883E+00 7.715E+01 1.272E+02 6.494E−01 4.205E+01 7.347E+01 7.471E−01 6.489E+03 6.000E+04 6.000E+05 1.212E−01 8.249E+00 6.666E+01 1.127E+02 6.901E−01 3.631E+01 6.485E+01 7.858E−01 9.012E+03 7.000E+04 7.000E+05 1.042E−01 9.594E+00 5.899E+01 1.016E+02 7.216E−01 3.211E+01 5.832E+01 8.164E−01 1.188E+04 8.000E+04 8.000E+05 9.159E−02 1.092E+01 5.312E+01 9.278E+01 7.464E−01 2.888E+01 5.318E+01 8.414E−01 1.508E+04 9.000E+04 9.000E+05 8.183E−02 1.222E+01 4.849E+01 8.564E+01 7.662E−01 2.633E+01 4.902E+01 8.620E−01 1.858E+04 1.000E+05 1.000E+06 7.408E−02 1.350E+01 4.473E+01 7.971E+01 7.821E−01 2.425E+01 4.558E+01 8.793E−01 2.238E+04 1.500E+05 1.500E+06 5.112E−02 1.956E+01 3.312E+01 6.045E+01 8.255E−01 1.782E+01 3.444E+01 9.328E−01 4.534E+04 2.000E+05 2.000E+06 3.982E−02 2.511E+01 2.706E+01 4.972E+01 8.372E−01 1.445E+01 2.826E+01 9.554E−01 7.398E+04 3.000E+05 3.000E+06 2.862E−02 3.493E+01 2.077E+01 3.789E+01 8.247E−01 1.095E+01 2.146E+01 9.597E−01 1.446E+05 4.000E+05 4.000E+06 2.305E−02 4.338E+01 1.749E+01 3.139E+01 7.948E−01 9.134E+00 1.771E+01 9.393E−01 2.289E+05 5.000E+05 5.000E+06 1.970E−02 5.075E+01 1.547E+01 2.723E+01 7.602E−01 8.021E+00 1.531E+01 9.088E−01 3.234E+05 6.000E+05 6.000E+06 1.747E−02 5.725E+01 1.410E+01 2.432E+01 7.250E−01 7.269E+00 1.362E+01 8.741E−01 4.258E+05 7.000E+05 7.000E+06 1.586E−02 6.304E+01 1.310E+01 2.216E+01 6.915E−01 6.727E+00 1.237E+01 8.385E−01 5.345E+05 8.000E+05 8.000E+06 1.465E−02 6.825E+01 1.235E+01 2.049E+01 6.598E−01 6.318E+00 1.139E+01 8.033E−01 6.483E+05 9.000E+05 9.000E+06 1.371E−02 7.296E+01 1.175E+01 1.916E+01 6.303E−01 6.000E+00 1.062E+01 7.692E−01 7.662E+05 1.000E+06 1.000E+07 1.294E−02 7.725E+01 1.127E+01 1.807E+01 6.027E−01 5.746E+00 9.978E+00 7.365E−01 8.875E+05

CARBON-11 IONS: A=11 Z=6 (a) Instantaneous Data

∆M=10.65000 MeV Mc2=1.0257E+04 MeV

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

1.000E−01 1.100E+00 2.145E−07 0.000E+00 1.377E−01 7.264E+00 1.179E+02 1.179E+02 1.424E−02 1.167E+02 1.500E−01 1.650E+00 3.217E−07 0.000E+00 1.907E−01 5.244E+00 1.248E+02 1.248E+02 1.875E−02 1.031E+02 2.000E−01 2.200E+00 4.290E−07 0.000E+00 2.499E−01 4.002E+00 1.297E+02 1.297E+02 2.305E−02 9.482E+01

8.467E+01 4.000E−01 4.400E+00 8.579E−07 0.000E+00 4.440E−01 2.252E+00 1.368E+02 1.368E+02 3.946E−02 7.845E+01 5.000E−01 5.500E+00 1.072E−06 0.000E+00 5.332E−01 1.876E+00 1.382E+02 1.382E+02 4.745E−02 7.411E+01 6.000E−01 6.600E+00 1.287E−06 0.000E+00 6.002E−01 1.666E+00 1.391E+02 1.391E+02 5.538E−02 7.085E+01 7.000E−01 7.700E+00 1.501E−06 0.000E+00 6.982E−01 1.432E+00 1.401E+02 1.401E+02 6.325E−02 6.829E+01 8.000E−01 8.800E+00 1.716E−06 0.000E+00 7.690E−01 1.300E+00 1.408E+02 1.408E+02 7.108E−02 6.620E+01 9.000E−01 9.900E+00 1.930E−06 0.000E+00 8.409E−01 1.189E+00 1.415E+02 1.415E+02 7.887E−02 6.445E+01 1.000E+00 1.100E+01 2.145E−06 0.000E+00 9.144E−01 1.094E+00 1.422E+02 1.422E+02 8.663E−02 6.296E+01 1.500E+00 1.650E+01 3.217E−06 0.000E+00 1.208E+00 8.279E−01 1.457E+02 1.457E+02 1.248E−01 5.779E+01 2.000E+00 2.200E+01 4.290E−06 0.000E+00 1.513E+00 6.609E−01 1.506E+02 1.506E+02 1.619E−01 5.462E+01 3.000E+00 3.300E+01 6.435E−06 0.000E+00 1.950E+00 5.128E−01 1.598E+02 1.598E+02 2.325E−01 5.076E+01 4.000E+00 4.400E+01 8.579E−06 0.000E+00 2.382E+00 4.198E−01 1.715E+02 1.715E+02 2.987E−01 4.839E+01 5.000E+00 5.500E+01 1.072E−05 0.000E+00 2.724E+00 3.671E−01 1.824E+02 1.824E+02 3.608E−01 4.673E+01 6.000E+00 6.600E+01 1.287E−05 0.000E+00 2.960E+00 3.379E−01 1.908E+02 1.908E+02 4.194E−01 4.550E+01 7.000E+00 7.700E+01 1.501E−05 0.000E+00 3.180E+00 3.145E−01 1.994E+02 1.994E+02 4.749E−01 4.452E+01 8.000E+00 8.800E+01 1.716E−05 0.000E+00 3.482E+00 2.872E−01 2.126E+02 2.126E+02 5.278E−01 4.372E+01 9.000E+00 9.900E+01 1.930E−05 0.000E+00 3.676E+00 2.721E−01 2.220E+02 2.220E+02 5.783E−01 4.306E+01 1.000E+01 1.100E+02 2.145E−05 0.000E+00 3.858E+00 2.592E−01 2.316E+02 2.316E+02 6.267E−01 4.249E+01 1.500E+01 1.650E+02 3.217E−05 0.000E+00 4.436E+00 2.254E−01 2.700E+02 2.700E+02 8.443E−01 4.052E+01 2.000E+01 2.200E+02 4.290E−05 0.000E+00 4.830E+00 2.071E−01 3.095E+02 3.095E+02 1.033E+00 3.931E+01 3.000E+01 3.300E+02 6.434E−05 0.000E+00 5.112E+00 1.956E−01 3.656E+02 3.656E+02 1.356E+00 3.784E+01 4.000E+01 4.400E+02 8.579E−05 0.000E+00 5.156E+00 1.939E−01 4.208E+02 4.208E+02 1.634E+00 3.694E+01 5.000E+01 5.500E+02 1.072E−04 0.000E+00 5.102E+00 1.960E−01 4.531E+02 4.494E+02 1.882E+00 3.631E+01 6.000E+01 6.600E+02 1.287E−04 0.000E+00 4.967E+00 2.013E−01 4.950E+02 4.702E+02 2.110E+00 3.584E+01 7.000E+01 7.700E+02 1.501E−04 0.000E+00 4.839E+00 2.066E−01 5.237E+02 4.851E+02 2.322E+00 3.547E+01 8.000E+01 8.800E+02 1.716E−04 0.000E+00 4.625E+00 2.162E−01 5.639E+02 5.066E+02 2.522E+00 3.517E+01 9.000E+01 9.900E+02 1.930E−04 0.000E+00 4.465E+00 2.240E−01 5.902E+02 5.210E+02 2.709E+00 3.491E+01 1.000E+02 1.100E+03 2.145E−04 0.000E+00 4.388E+00 2.279E−01 6.022E+02 5.276E+02 2.895E+00 3.470E+01 1.500E+02 1.650E+03 3.217E−04 0.000E+00 4.135E+00 2.418E−01 7.006E+02 5.815E+02 3.724E+00 3.395E+01 2.000E+02 2.200E+03 4.288E−04 0.000E+00 4.131E+00 2.421E−01 7.543E+02 6.087E+02 4.470E+00 3.349E+01 3.000E+02 3.300E+03 6.431E−04 0.000E+00 3.954E+00 2.529E−01 8.175E+02 6.274E+02 5.843E+00 3.293E+01 4.000E+02 4.400E+03 8.574E−04 2.092E+04 3.691E+00 2.709E−01 8.210E+02 6.044E+02 7.186E+00 3.258E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

4.000E+02 4.400E+03 8.574E−04 2.092E+04 3.691E+00 2.709E−01 8.210E+02 6.044E+02 7.186E+00 3.258E+01 5.000E+02 5.500E+03 1.072E−03 1.850E+04 3.369E+00 2.968E−01 7.983E+02 5.585E+02 8.554E+00 3.234E+01 6.000E+02 6.600E+03 1.286E−03 1.643E+04 3.062E+00 3.266E−01 7.679E+02 5.069E+02 9.965E+00 3.217E+01 7.000E+02 7.700E+03 1.500E−03 1.515E+04 2.859E+00 3.498E−01 7.438E+02 4.689E+02 1.144E+01 3.202E+01 8.000E+02 8.800E+03 1.714E−03 1.402E+04 2.672E+00 3.743E−01 7.189E+02 4.313E+02 1.296E+01 3.191E+01 9.000E+02 9.900E+03 1.928E−03 1.301E+04 2.499E+00 4.001E−01 6.937E+02 3.941E+02 1.454E+01 3.181E+01 1.000E+03 1.100E+04 2.141E−03 1.210E+04 2.339E+00 4.275E−01 6.684E+02 3.724E+02 1.620E+01 3.173E+01 1.500E+03 1.650E+04 3.210E−03 8.916E+03 1.755E+00 5.698E−01 5.608E+02 3.074E+02 2.535E+01 3.144E+01 2.000E+03 2.200E+04 4.276E−03 7.329E+03 1.450E+00 6.894E−01 4.943E+02 2.688E+02 3.602E+01 3.127E+01 3.000E+03 3.300E+04 6.404E−03 5.167E+03 1.025E+00 9.755E−01 3.876E+02 2.085E+02 6.187E+01 3.106E+01 4.000E+03 4.400E+04 8.525E−03 4.142E+03 8.201E−01 1.219E+00 3.291E+02 1.762E+02 9.357E+01 3.093E+01 5.000E+03 5.500E+04 1.064E−02 3.387E+03 6.684E−01 1.496E+00 2.821E+02 1.507E+02 1.310E+02 3.083E+01 6.000E+03 6.600E+04 1.275E−02 2.805E+03 5.511E−01 1.815E+00 2.433E+02 1.297E+02 1.742E+02 3.077E+01 7.000E+03 7.700E+04 1.485E−02 2.474E+03 4.844E−01 2.065E+00 2.200E+02 1.172E+02 2.231E+02 3.071E+01 8.000E+03 8.800E+04 1.694E−02 2.200E+03 4.291E−01 2.330E+00 2.000E+02 1.065E+02 2.776E+02 3.067E+01 9.000E+03 9.900E+04 1.903E−02 1.969E+03 3.826E−01 2.614E+00 1.827E+02 9.727E+01 3.376E+02 3.063E+01

3.060E+01 1.500E+04 1.650E+05 3.141E−02 1.165E+03 2.212E−01 4.521E+00 1.175E+02 6.287E+01 8.123E+02 3.049E+01 2.000E+04 2.200E+05 4.156E−02 9.068E+02 1.697E−01 5.894E+00 9.461E+01 5.087E+01 1.353E+03 3.042E+01 3.000E+04 3.300E+05 6.137E−02 5.978E+02 1.085E−01 9.213E+00 6.540E+01 3.567E+01 2.816E+03 3.034E+01 4.000E+04 4.400E+05 8.057E−02 4.675E+02 8.302E−02 1.205E+01 5.228E+01 2.888E+01 4.770E+03 3.029E+01 5.000E+04 5.500E+05 9.920E−02 3.781E+02 6.762E−02 1.479E+01 4.422E+01 2.405E+01 7.138E+03 3.026E+01 6.000E+04 6.600E+05 1.173E−01 3.126E+02 5.564E−02 1.797E+01 3.762E+01 2.040E+01 9.913E+03 3.023E+01 7.000E+04 7.700E+05 1.348E−01 2.767E+02 4.912E−02 2.036E+01 3.393E+01 1.835E+01 1.307E+04 3.021E+01 8.000E+04 8.800E+05 1.518E−01 2.475E+02 4.388E−02 2.279E+01 3.091E+01 1.665E+01 1.658E+04 3.020E+01 9.000E+04 9.900E+05 1.683E−01 2.233E+02 3.954E−02 2.529E+01 2.836E+01 1.523E+01 2.044E+04 3.018E+01 1.000E+05 1.100E+06 1.843E−01 2.029E+02 3.589E−02 2.786E+01 2.618E+01 1.400E+01 2.462E+04 3.017E+01 1.500E+05 1.650E+06 2.579E−01 1.414E+02 2.498E−02 4.003E+01 1.944E+01 1.022E+01 4.988E+04 3.013E+01 2.000E+05 2.200E+06 3.220E−01 1.156E+02 2.042E−02 4.897E+01 1.650E+01 8.573E+00 8.137E+04 3.010E+01 3.000E+05 3.300E+06 4.276E−01 8.508E+01 1.501E−02 6.663E+01 1.291E+01 6.581E+00 1.590E+05 3.007E+01 4.000E+05 4.400E+06 5.103E−01 7.239E+01 1.273E−02 7.854E+01 1.136E+01 5.738E+00 2.517E+05 3.005E+01 5.000E+05 5.500E+06 5.763E−01 6.379E+01 1.117E−02 8.954E+01 1.029E+01 5.166E+00 3.557E+05 3.004E+01 6.000E+05 6.600E+06 6.298E−01 5.759E+01 1.002E-02 9.978E+01 9.504E+00 4.758E+00 4.684E+05 3.003E+01 7.000E+05 7.700E+06 6.737E−01 5.423E+01 9.392E−03 1.065E+02 9.077E+00 4.540E+00 5.880E+05 3.002E+01 8.000E+05 8.800E+06 7.103E−01 5.155E+01 8.879E−03 1.126E+02 8.734E+00 4.370E+00 7.131E+05 3.002E+01 9.000E+05 9.900E+06 7.411E−01 4.936E+01 8.454E−03 1.183E+02 8.454E+00 4.235E+00 8.428E+05 3.001E+01 1.000E+06 1.100E+07 7.672E−01 4.753E+01 8.093E−03 1.236E+02 8.222E+00 4.127E+00 9.762E+05 3.001E+01

(b) Equilibrium Values

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

1.000E−01 1.100E+00 6.667E−02 1.500E+01 9.254E+01 9.757E+01 5.434E−02 9.254E+01 9.757E+01 5.434E−02 1.424E−02 1.500E−01 1.650E+00 9.507E−02 1.052E+01 1.008E+02 1.059E+02 5.044E−02 1.008E+02 1.059E+02 5.044E−02 1.875E−02 2.000E−01 2.200E+00 1.224E−01 8.169E+00 1.065E+02 1.115E+02 4.634E−02 1.065E+02 1.115E+02 4.634E−02 2.305E−02 3.000E−01 3.300E+00 1.747E−01 5.723E+00 1.140E+02 1.185E+02 3.935E−02 1.140E+02 1.185E+02 3.935E−02 3.136E−02 4.000E−01 4.400E+00 2.245E−01 4.454E+00 1.188E+02 1.229E+02 3.401E−02 1.188E+02 1.229E+02 3.401E−02 3.946E−02 5.000E−01 5.500E+00 2.722E−01 3.674E+00 1.222E+02 1.258E+02 2.989E−02 1.222E+02 1.258E+02 2.989E−02 4.745E−02 6.000E−01 6.600E+00 3.181E−01 3.144E+00 1.247E+02 1.280E+02 2.667E−02 1.247E+02 1.280E+02 2.667E−02 5.538E−02 7.000E−01 7.700E+00 3.623E−01 2.760E+00 1.266E+02 1.297E+02 2.408E−02 1.266E+02 1.297E+02 2.408E−02 6.325E−02 8.000E−01 8.800E+00 4.052E−01 2.468E+00 1.282E+02 1.310E+02 2.198E−02 1.282E+02 1.310E+02 2.198E−02 7.108E−02 9.000E−01 9.900E+00 4.467E−01 2.239E+00 1.295E+02 1.322E+02 2.025E−02 1.295E+02 1.322E+02 2.025E−02 7.887E−02 1.000E+00 1.100E+01 4.870E−01 2.054E+00 1.307E+02 1.331E+02 1.881E−02 1.307E+02 1.331E+02 1.881E−02 8.663E−02 1.500E+00 1.650E+01 6.728E−01 1.486E+00 1.349E+02 1.368E+02 1.429E−02 1.349E+02 1.368E+02 1.429E−02 1.248E−01 2.000E+00 2.200E+01 8.376E−01 1.194E+00 1.380E+02 1.397E+02 1.219E−02 1.380E+02 1.397E+02 1.219E−02 1.619E−01 3.000E+00 3.300E+01 1.122E+00 8.915E−01 1.434E+02 1.450E+02 1.116E−02 1.434E+02 1.450E+02 1.116E−02 2.325E−01 4.000E+00 4.400E+01 1.362E+00 7.344E−01 1.485E+02 1.503E+02 1.225E−02 1.485E+02 1.503E+02 1.225E−02 2.987E−01 5.000E+00 5.500E+01 1.570E+00 6.371E−01 1.535E+02 1.557E+02 1.447E−02 1.535E+02 1.557E+02 1.447E−02 3.608E−01 6.000E+00 6.600E+01 1.753E+00 5.704E−01 1.583E+02 1.610E+02 1.737E−02 1.583E+02 1.610E+02 1.737E−02 4.194E−01 7.000E+00 7.700E+01 1.917E+00 5.218E−01 1.629E+02 1.663E+02 2.064E−02 1.629E+02 1.663E+02 2.064E−02 4.749E−01 8.000E+00 8.800E+01 2.064E+00 4.845E−01 1.675E+02 1.715E+02 2.414E−02 1.675E+02 1.715E+02 2.414E−02 5.278E−01 9.000E+00 9.900E+01 2.198E+00 4.550E−01 1.719E+02 1.767E+02 2.775E−02 1.719E+02 1.767E+02 2.775E−02 5.783E−01 1.000E+01 1.100E+02 2.320E+00 4.310E−01 1.762E+02 1.817E+02 3.139E−02 1.762E+02 1.817E+02 3.139E−02 6.267E−01 1.500E+01 1.650E+02 2.804E+00 3.566E−01 1.959E+02 2.055E+02 4.889E−02 1.959E+02 2.055E+02 4.889E−02 8.443E−01 2.000E+01 2.200E+02 3.145E+00 3.179E−01 2.134E+02 2.271E+02 6.407E−02 2.134E+02 2.271E+02 6.407E−02 1.033E+00 3.000E+01 3.300E+02 3.590E+00 2.786E−01 2.438E+02 2.652E+02 8.783E−02 2.438E+02 2.652E+02 8.783E−02 1.356E+00 4.000E+01 4.400E+02 3.856E+00 2.593E−01 2.697E+02 2.980E+02 1.050E−01 2.697E+02 2.980E+02 1.050E−01 1.634E+00 5.000E+01 5.500E+02 4.024E+00 2.485E−01 2.925E+02 3.270E+02 1.177E−01 2.923E+02 3.265E+02 1.170E−01 1.882E+00 6.000E+01 6.600E+02 4.130E+00 2.421E−01 3.131E+02 3.530E+02 1.274E−01 3.109E+02 3.487E+02 1.217E−01 2.110E+00 7.000E+01 7.700E+02 4.198E+00 2.382E−01 3.319E+02 3.766E+02 1.348E−01 3.265E+02 3.668E+02 1.232E−01 2.322E+00 8.000E+01 8.800E+02 4.238E+00 2.360E−01 3.492E+02 3.983E+02 1.406E−01 3.402E+02 3.821E+02 1.232E−01 2.522E+00

1.000E+02 1.100E+03 4.267E+00 2.344E−01 3.803E+02 4.367E+02 1.485E−01 3.635E+02 4.078E+02 1.218E−01 2.895E+00 1.500E+02 1.650E+03 4.239E+00 2.359E−01 4.433E+02 5.125E+02 1.562E−01 4.076E+02 4.550E+02 1.163E−01 3.724E+00 2.000E+02 2.200E+03 4.222E+00 2.369E−01 4.924E+02 5.689E+02 1.553E−01 4.398E+02 4.881E+02 1.100E−01 4.470E+00 3.000E+02 3.300E+03 4.180E+00 2.392E−01 5.641E+02 6.449E+02 1.432E−01 4.831E+02 5.295E+02 9.595E−02 5.843E+00 4.000E+02 4.400E+03 4.107E+00 2.435E−01 6.125E+02 6.896E+02 1.259E−01 5.077E+02 5.488E+02 8.088E−02 7.186E+00

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

4.000E+02 4.400E+03 4.107E+00 2.435E−01 6.125E+02 6.896E+02 1.259E−01 5.077E+02 5.488E+02 8.088E−02 7.186E+00 5.000E+02 5.500E+03 4.001E+00 2.499E−01 6.432E+02 7.126E+02 1.079E−01 5.178E+02 5.527E+02 6.740E−02 8.554E+00 6.000E+02 6.600E+03 3.881E+00 2.576E−01 6.623E+02 7.235E+02 9.238E−02 5.185E+02 5.484E+02 5.777E−02 9.965E+00 7.000E+02 7.700E+03 3.755E+00 2.663E−01 6.735E+02 7.271E+02 7.971E−02 5.132E+02 5.399E+02 5.214E−02 1.144E+01 8.000E+02 8.800E+03 3.629E+00 2.755E−01 6.791E+02 7.264E+02 6.968E−02 5.039E+02 5.292E+02 5.026E−02 1.296E+01 9.000E+02 9.900E+03 3.507E+00 2.852E−01 6.807E+02 7.228E+02 6.187E−02 4.920E+02 5.175E+02 5.177E−02 1.454E+01 1.000E+03 1.100E+04 3.388E+00 2.952E−01 6.795E+02 7.174E+02 5.578E−02 4.798E+02 5.060E+02 5.457E−02 1.620E+01 1.500E+03 1.650E+04 2.874E+00 3.479E−01 6.513E+02 6.792E+02 4.277E−02 4.263E+02 4.573E+02 7.261E−02 2.535E+01 2.000E+03 2.200E+04 2.480E+00 4.032E−01 6.111E+02 6.384E+02 4.477E−02 3.833E+02 4.191E+02 9.344E−02 3.602E+01 3.000E+03 3.300E+04 1.934E+00 5.171E−01 5.338E+02 5.682E+02 6.452E−02 3.193E+02 3.625E+02 1.354E−01 6.187E+01 4.000E+03 4.400E+04 1.578E+00 6.338E−01 4.706E+02 5.132E+02 9.049E−02 2.742E+02 3.220E+02 1.744E−01 9.357E+01 5.000E+03 5.500E+04 1.328E+00 7.528E−01 4.200E+02 4.694E+02 1.175E−01 2.407E+02 2.913E+02 2.102E−01 1.310E+02 6.000E+03 6.600E+04 1.144E+00 8.739E−01 3.791E+02 4.337E+02 1.439E−01 2.147E+02 2.669E+02 2.431E−01 1.742E+02 7.000E+03 7.700E+04 1.003E+00 9.968E−01 3.455E+02 4.039E+02 1.692E−01 1.940E+02 2.470E+02 2.733E-01 2.231E+02 8.000E+03 8.800E+04 8.917E−01 1.121E+00 3.174E+02 3.787E+02 1.933E−01 1.771E+02 2.304E+02 3.012E−01 2.776E+02 9.000E+03 9.900E+04 8.015E−01 1.248E+00 2.935E+02 3.570E+02 2.162E−01 1.630E+02 2.163E+02 3.271E−01 3.376E+02 1.000E+04 1.100E+05 7.272E−01 1.375E+00 2.731E+02 3.381E+02 2.379E−01 1.510E+02 2.040E+02 3.512E−01 4.032E+02 1.500E+04 1.650E+05 4.928E−01 2.029E+00 2.033E+02 2.706E+02 3.309E−01 1.111E+02 1.612E+02 4.504E−01 8.123E+02 2.000E+04 2.200E+05 3.700E−01 2.703E+00 1.628E+02 2.285E+02 4.041E−01 8.855E+01 1.350E+02 5.241E−01 1.353E+03 3.000E+04 3.300E+05 2.447E−01 4.086E+00 1.173E+02 1.777E+02 5.144E−01 6.376E+01 1.038E+02 6.276E−01 2.816E+03 4.000E+04 4.400E+05 1.817E−01 5.503E+00 9.236E+01 1.474E+02 5.960E−01 5.034E+01 8.544E+01 6.973E−01 4.770E+03 5.000E+04 5.500E+05 1.452E−01 6.886E+00 7.712E+01 1.273E+02 6.500E−01 4.203E+01 7.344E+01 7.473E−01 7.138E+03 6.000E+04 6.600E+05 1.212E−01 8.251E+00 6.664E+01 1.127E+02 6.906E−01 3.630E+01 6.482E+01 7.859E−01 9.913E+03 7.000E+04 7.700E+05 1.042E−01 9.598E+00 5.897E+01 1.016E+02 7.220E−01 3.209E+01 5.830E+01 8.166E−01 1.307E+04 8.000E+04 8.800E+05 9.156E−02 1.092E+01 5.311E+01 9.278E+01 7.468E−01 2.887E+01 5.316E+01 8.416E−01 1.658E+04 9.000E+04 9.900E+05 8.181E−02 1.222E+01 4.848E+01 8.564E+01 7.665E−01 2.631E+01 4.900E+01 8.622E−01 2.044E+04 1.000E+05 1.100E+06 7.406E−02 1.350E+01 4.472E+01 7.971E+01 7.824E−01 2.424E+01 4.556E+01 8.794E−01 2.462E+04 1.500E+05 1.650E+06 5.111E−02 1.956E+01 3.311E+01 6.045E+01 8.256E−01 1.781E+01 3.442E+01 9.328E−01 4.988E+04 2.000E+05 2.200E+06 3.981E−02 2.512E+01 2.706E+01 4.972E+01 8.373E−01 1.444E+01 2.825E+01 9.555E−01 8.137E+04 3.000E+05 3.300E+06 2.862E−02 3.494E+01 2.077E+01 3.789E+01 8.244E−01 1.095E+01 2.145E+01 9.594E−01 1.590E+05 4.000E+05 4.400E+06 2.305E−02 4.339E+01 1.749E+01 3.139E+01 7.946E−01 9.131E+00 1.770E+01 9.391E−01 2.517E+05 5.000E+05 5.500E+06 1.970E−02 5.075E+01 1.547E+01 2.723E+01 7.600E−01 8.018E+00 1.530E+01 9.085E−01 3.557E+05 6.000E+05 6.600E+06 1.747E−02 5.725E+01 1.410E+01 2.432E+01 7.251E−01 7.266E+00 1.362E+01 8.740E−01 4.684E+05 7.000E+05 7.700E+06 1.586E−02 6.305E+01 1.310E+01 2.216E+01 6.914E−01 6.725E+00 1.236E+01 8.382E−01 5.880E+05 8.000E+05 8.800E+06 1.465E−02 6.825E+01 1.235E+01 2.049E+01 6.597E−01 6.317E+00 1.139E+01 8.029E−01 7.131E+05 9.000E+05 9.900E+06 1.370E−02 7.297E+01 1.175E+01 1.916E+01 6.302E−01 5.998E+00 1.061E+01 7.689E−01 8.428E+05 1.000E+06 1.100E+07 1.294E−02 7.726E+01 1.127E+01 1.807E+01 6.027E−01 5.744E+00 9.973E+00 7.362E−01 9.762E+05

CARBON-12 IONS: A=12 Z=6 (a) Instantaneous Data

∆M=0.00000MeV Mc2=1.1178E+04MeV

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

1.000E−01 1.200E+00 2.147E−07 0.000E+00 1.325E−01 7.546E+00 1.209E+02 1.209E+02 1.483E−02 1.167E+02 1.500E−01 1.800E+00 3.221E−07 0.000E+00 1.930E−01 5.181E+00 1.288E+02 1.288E+02 1.959E−02 1.031E+02 2.000E−01 2.400E+00 4.294E−07 0.000E+00 2.408E−01 4.152E+00 1.327E+02 1.327E+02 2.416E−02 9.482E+01 3.000E−01 3.600E+00 6.441E−07 0.000E+00 3.464E−01 2.887E+00 1.376E+02 1.376E+02 3.299E−02 8.467E+01 4.000E−01 4.800E+00 8.588E−07 0.000E+00 4.286E−01 2.333E+00 1.396E+02 1.396E+02 4.162E−02 7.845E+01

7.411E+01 6.000E−01 7.200E+00 1.288E−06 0.000E+00 6.070E−01 1.647E+00 1.418E+02 1.418E+02 5.864E−02 7.085E+01 7.000E−01 8.400E+00 1.503E−06 0.000E+00 6.749E−01 1.482E+00 1.424E+02 1.424E+02 6.708E−02 6.829E+01 8.000E−01 9.600E+00 1.718E-06 0.000E+00 7.435E−01 1.345E+00 1.429E+02 1.429E+02 7.548E-02 6.620E+01 9.000E−01 1.080E+01 1.932E−06 0.000E+00 8.134E−01 1.229E+00 1.434E+02 1.434E+02 8.384E−02 6.445E+01 1.000E+00 1.200E+01 2.147E−06 0.000E+00 8.848E−01 1.130E+00 1.440E+02 1.440E+02 9.218E−02 6.296E+01 1.500E+00 1.800E+01 3.221E−06 0.000E+00 1.220E+00 8.194E−01 1.475E+02 1.475E+02 1.333E−01 5.779E+01 2.000E+00 2.400E+01 4.294E−06 0.000E+00 1.468E+00 6.813E−01 1.511E+02 1.511E+02 1.734E−01 5.462E+01 3.000E+00 3.600E+01 6.441E−06 0.000E+00 1.968E+00 5.081E−01 1.612E+02 1.612E+02 2.499E−01 5.076E+01 4.000E+00 4.800E+01 8.588E−06 0.000E+00 2.319E+00 4.312E−01 1.704E+02 1.704E+02 3.217E−01 4.839E+01 5.000E+00 6.000E+01 1.074E−05 0.000E+00 2.656E+00 3.765E−01 1.807E+02 1.807E+02 3.892E−01 4.673E+01 6.000E+00 7.200E+01 1.288E−05 0.000E+00 2.982E+00 3.353E−01 1.922E+02 1.922E+02 4.529E−01 4.550E+01 7.000E+00 8.400E+01 1.503E−05 0.000E+00 3.203E+00 3.122E−01 2.008E+02 2.008E+02 5.134E−01 4.452E+01 8.000E+00 9.600E+01 1.718E−05 0.000E+00 3.409E+00 2.933E−01 2.097E+02 2.097E+02 5.709E−01 4.372E+01 9.000E+00 1.080E+02 1.932E−05 0.000E+00 3.603E+00 2.776E−01 2.187E+02 2.187E+02 6.259E−01 4.306E+01 1.000E+01 1.200E+02 2.147E−05 0.000E+00 3.786E+00 2.642E−01 2.280E+02 2.280E+02 6.786E−01 4.249E+01 1.500E+01 1.800E+02 3.221E−05 0.000E+00 4.455E+00 2.245E−01 2.718E+02 2.718E+02 9.158E−01 4.052E+01 2.000E+01 2.400E+02 4.294E−05 0.000E+00 4.781E+00 2.092E−01 3.039E+02 3.039E+02 1.121E+00 3.931E+01 3.000E+01 3.600E+02 6.441E−05 0.000E+00 5.116E+00 1.955E−01 3.680E+02 3.680E+02 1.474E+00 3.784E+01 4.000E+01 4.800E+02 8.588E−05 0.000E+00 5.158E+00 1.939E−01 4.129E+02 4.129E+02 1.776E+00 3.694E+01 5.000E+01 6.000E+02 1.073E−04 0.000E+00 5.092E+00 1.964E−01 4.560E+02 4.507E+02 2.047E+00 3.631E+01 6.000E+01 7.200E+02 1.288E−04 0.000E+00 4.951E+00 2.020E−01 4.981E+02 4.717E+02 2.296E+00 3.584E+01 7.000E+01 8.400E+02 1.503E−04 0.000E+00 4.821E+00 2.074E−01 5.269E+02 4.867E+02 2.527E+00 3.547E+01 8.000E+01 9.600E+02 1.717E−04 0.000E+00 4.677E+00 2.138E−01 5.542E+02 5.013E+02 2.745E+00 3.517E+01 9.000E+01 1.080E+03 1.932E−04 0.000E+00 4.523E+00 2.211E−01 5.804E+02 5.155E+02 2.953E+00 3.491E+01 1.000E+02 1.200E+03 2.147E−04 0.000E+00 4.363E+00 2.292E−01 6.055E+02 5.293E+02 3.152E+00 3.470E+01 1.500E+02 1.800E+03 3.220E−04 0.000E+00 4.135E+00 2.418E−01 7.037E+02 5.830E+02 4.057E+00 3.395E+01 2.000E+02 2.400E+03 4.293E−04 0.000E+00 4.128E+00 2.423E−01 7.571E+02 6.098E+02 4.870E+00 3.349E+01 3.000E+02 3.600E+03 6.438E−04 0.000E+00 3.943E+00 2.536E−01 8.186E+02 6.269E+02 6.375E+00 3.293E+01 4.000E+02 4.800E+03 8.583E−04 2.075E+04 3.671E+00 2.724E−01 8.200E+02 6.017E+02 7.834E+00 3.258E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

4.000E+02 4.800E+03 8.583E−04 2.075E+04 3.671E+00 2.724E−01 8.200E+02 6.017E+02 7.834E+00 3.258E+01 5.000E+02 6.000E+03 1.073E−03 1.834E+04 3.347E+00 2.988E−01 7.965E+02 5.549E+02 9.325E+00 3.234E+01 6.000E+02 7.200E+03 1.287E−03 1.628E+04 3.039E+00 3.290E−01 7.655E+02 5.027E+02 1.087E+01 3.217E+01 7.000E+02 8.400E+03 1.501E−03 1.500E+04 2.836E+00 3.526E−01 7.410E+02 4.644E+02 1.247E+01 3.202E+01 8.000E+02 9.600E+03 1.715E−03 1.388E+04 2.650E+00 3.774E−01 7.159E+02 4.265E+02 1.414E+01 3.191E+01 9.000E+02 1.080E+04 1.930E−03 1.288E+04 2.478E+00 4.036E−01 6.905E+02 3.892E+02 1.587E+01 3.181E+01 1.000E+03 1.200E+04 2.144E−03 1.197E+04 2.318E+00 4.314E−01 6.651E+02 3.700E+02 1.766E+01 3.173E+01 1.500E+03 1.800E+04 3.213E−03 8.814E+03 1.737E+00 5.757E−01 5.572E+02 3.050E+02 2.764E+01 3.144E+01 2.000E+03 2.400E+04 4.280E−03 7.241E+03 1.434E+00 6.971E−01 4.907E+02 2.665E+02 3.929E+01 3.127E+01 3.000E+03 3.600E+04 6.410E−03 5.101E+03 1.013E+00 9.874E−01 3.842E+02 2.065E+02 6.748E+01 3.106E+01 4.000E+03 4.800E+04 8.533E−03 4.086E+03 8.096E−01 1.235E+00 3.260E+02 1.744E+02 1.021E+02 3.093E+01 5.000E+03 6.000E+04 1.065E−02 3.341E+03 6.595E−01 1.516E+00 2.793E+02 1.490E+02 1.430E+02 3.083E+01 6.000E+03 7.200E+04 1.276E−02 2.766E+03 5.436E−01 1.840E+00 2.407E+02 1.282E+02 1.901E+02 3.077E+01 7.000E+03 8.400E+04 1.486E−02 2.439E+03 4.776E−01 2.094E+00 2.176E+02 1.158E+02 2.434E+02 3.071E+01 8.000E+03 9.600E+04 1.696E−02 2.169E+03 4.231E−01 2.364E+00 1.978E+02 1.053E+02 3.028E+02 3.067E+01 9.000E+03 1.080E+05 1.905E−02 1.941E+03 3.771E−01 2.652E+00 1.806E+02 9.610E+01 3.683E+02 3.063E+01 1.000E+04 1.200E+05 2.113E−02 1.746E+03 3.379E−01 2.960E+00 1.655E+02 8.807E+01 4.398E+02 3.060E+01 1.500E+04 1.800E+05 3.144E−02 1.148E+03 2.179E−01 4.588E+00 1.161E+02 6.209E+01 8.861E+02 3.049E+01

3.042E+01 3.000E+04 3.600E+05 6.143E−02 5.891E+02 1.069E−01 9.351E+00 6.460E+01 3.523E+01 3.072E+03 3.034E+01 4.000E+04 4.800E+05 8.065E−02 4.608E+02 8.178E−02 1.223E+01 5.164E+01 2.853E+01 5.203E+03 3.029E+01 5.000E+04 6.000E+05 9.929E−02 3.728E+02 6.669E−02 1.499E+01 4.372E+01 2.376E+01 7.787E+03 3.026E+01 6.000E+04 7.200E+05 1.174E−01 3.083E+02 5.489E−02 1.822E+01 3.721E+01 2.015E+01 1.081E+04 3.023E+01 7.000E+04 8.400E+05 1.349E−01 2.729E+02 4.848E−02 2.063E+01 3.357E+01 1.813E+01 1.426E+04 3.021E+01 8.000E+04 9.600E+05 1.519E−01 2.442E+02 4.331E−02 2.309E+01 3.058E+01 1.646E+01 1.809E+04 3.020E+01 9.000E+04 1.080E+06 1.684E−01 2.204E+02 3.904E−02 2.561E+01 2.807E+01 1.505E+01 2.230E+04 3.018E+01 1.000E+05 1.200E+06 1.845E−01 2.002E+02 3.545E−02 2.821E+01 2.592E+01 1.384E+01 2.686E+04 3.017E+01 1.500E+05 1.800E+06 2.582E−01 1.396E+02 2.469E−02 4.049E+01 1.926E+01 1.011E+01 5.441E+04 3.013E+01 2.000E+05 2.400E+06 3.223E−01 1.142E+02 2.020E−02 4.951E+01 1.636E+01 8.488E+00 8.877E+04 3.010E+01 3.000E+05 3.600E+06 4.279E−01 8.423E+01 1.486E−02 6.727E+01 1.281E+01 6.525E+00 1.735E+05 3.007E+01 4.000E+05 4.800E+06 5.106E−01 7.175E+01 1.262E−02 7.923E+01 1.128E+01 5.695E+00 2.746E+05 3.005E+01 5.000E+05 6.000E+06 5.766E−01 6.329E+01 1.108E−02 9.025E+01 1.023E+01 5.133E+00 3.880E+05 3.004E+01 6.000E+05 7.200E+06 6.301E−01 5.718E+01 9.950E−03 1.005E+02 9.456E+00 4.731E+00 5.110E+05 3.003E+01 7.000E+05 8.400E+06 6.740E−01 5.388E+01 9.328E−03 1.072E+02 9.035E+00 4.518E+00 6.415E+05 3.002E+01 8.000E+05 9.600E+06 7.106E−01 5.125E+01 8.823E−03 1.133E+02 8.698E+00 4.351E+00 7.779E+05 3.002E+01 9.000E+05 1.080E+07 7.413E−01 4.909E+01 8.404E−03 1.190E+02 8.422E+00 4.219E+00 9.194E+05 3.001E+01 1.000E+06 1.200E+07 7.674E−01 4.730E+01 8.048E−03 1.242E+02 8.194E+00 4.113E+00 1.065E+06 3.001E+01

(b) Equilibrium Values

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

1.000E−01 1.200E+00 6.643E−02 1.505E+01 9.559E+01 1.009E+02 5.519E−02 9.559E+01 1.009E+02 5.519E−02 1.483E−02 1.500E−01 1.800E+00 9.489E−02 1.054E+01 1.041E+02 1.094E+02 5.072E−02 1.041E+02 1.094E+02 5.072E−02 1.959E−02 2.000E−01 2.400E+00 1.223E−01 8.175E+00 1.099E+02 1.150E+02 4.626E−02 1.099E+02 1.150E+02 4.626E−02 2.416E−02 3.000E−01 3.600E+00 1.748E−01 5.720E+00 1.174E+02 1.220E+02 3.886E−02 1.174E+02 1.220E+02 3.886E−02 3.299E−02 4.000E−01 4.800E+00 2.248E−01 4.449E+00 1.222E+02 1.263E+02 3.330E−02 1.222E+02 1.263E+02 3.330E−02 4.162E−02 5.000E−01 6.000E+00 2.727E−01 3.667E+00 1.255E+02 1.291E+02 2.906E−02 1.255E+02 1.291E+02 2.906E−02 5.016E−02 6.000E−01 7.200E+00 3.188E−01 3.137E+00 1.279E+02 1.312E+02 2.576E−02 1.279E+02 1.312E+02 2.576E−02 5.864E−02 7.000E−01 8.400E+00 3.632E−01 2.753E+00 1.298E+02 1.328E+02 2.314E−02 1.298E+02 1.328E+02 2.314E−02 6.708E−02 8.000E−01 9.600E+00 4.062E−01 2.462E+00 1.313E+02 1.340E+02 2.101E−02 1.313E+02 1.340E+02 2.101E−02 7.548E-02 9.000E−01 1.080E+01 4.479E−01 2.233E+00 1.325E+02 1.351E+02 1.927E−02 1.325E+02 1.351E+02 1.927E−02 8.384E−02 1.000E+00 1.200E+01 4.884E−01 2.048E+00 1.336E+02 1.360E+02 1.782E−02 1.336E+02 1.360E+02 1.782E−02 9.218E−02 1.500E+00 1.800E+01 6.750E−01 1.482E+00 1.375E+02 1.393E+02 1.327E−02 1.375E+02 1.393E+02 1.327E−02 1.333E−01 2.000E+00 2.400E+01 8.405E−01 1.190E+00 1.404E+02 1.419E+02 1.114E−02 1.404E+02 1.419E+02 1.114E−02 1.734E−01 3.000E+00 3.600E+01 1.126E+00 8.884E−01 1.454E+02 1.469E+02 9.998E−03 1.454E+02 1.469E+02 9.998E−03 2.499E−01 4.000E+00 4.800E+01 1.366E+00 7.319E−01 1.503E+02 1.519E+02 1.095E−02 1.503E+02 1.519E+02 1.095E−02 3.217E−01 5.000E+00 6.000E+01 1.575E+00 6.350E−01 1.551E+02 1.571E+02 1.304E−02 1.551E+02 1.571E+02 1.304E−02 3.892E−01 6.000E+00 7.200E+01 1.759E+00 5.687E−01 1.598E+02 1.623E+02 1.580E−02 1.598E+02 1.623E+02 1.580E−02 4.529E−01 7.000E+00 8.400E+01 1.922E+00 5.202E−01 1.644E+02 1.675E+02 1.898E−02 1.644E+02 1.675E+02 1.898E−02 5.134E−01 8.000E+00 9.600E+01 2.070E+00 4.831E−01 1.688E+02 1.726E+02 2.238E−02 1.688E+02 1.726E+02 2.238E−02 5.709E−01 9.000E+00 1.080E+02 2.204E+00 4.537E−01 1.732E+02 1.777E+02 2.592E−02 1.732E+02 1.777E+02 2.592E−02 6.259E−01 1.000E+01 1.200E+02 2.327E+00 4.298E−01 1.774E+02 1.826E+02 2.950E−02 1.774E+02 1.826E+02 2.950E−02 6.786E−01 1.500E+01 1.800E+02 2.811E+00 3.558E−01 1.970E+02 2.062E+02 4.682E−02 1.970E+02 2.062E+02 4.682E−02 9.158E−01 2.000E+01 2.400E+02 3.152E+00 3.173E−01 2.144E+02 2.277E+02 6.196E−02 2.144E+02 2.277E+02 6.196E−02 1.121E+00 3.000E+01 3.600E+02 3.596E+00 2.781E−01 2.446E+02 2.656E+02 8.572E−02 2.446E+02 2.656E+02 8.572E−02 1.474E+00 4.000E+01 4.800E+02 3.861E+00 2.590E−01 2.705E+02 2.983E+02 1.030E−01 2.705E+02 2.983E+02 1.030E−01 1.776E+00 5.000E+01 6.000E+02 4.028E+00 2.483E−01 2.933E+02 3.273E+02 1.158E−01 2.930E+02 3.267E+02 1.150E−01 2.047E+00 6.000E+01 7.200E+02 4.134E+00 2.419E−01 3.139E+02 3.533E+02 1.256E−01 3.116E+02 3.489E+02 1.199E−01 2.296E+00 7.000E+01 8.400E+02 4.201E+00 2.381E−01 3.326E+02 3.769E+02 1.331E−01 3.272E+02 3.669E+02 1.214E−01 2.527E+00 8.000E+01 9.600E+02 4.241E+00 2.358E−01 3.499E+02 3.985E+02 1.389E−01 3.409E+02 3.823E+02 1.215E−01 2.745E+00 9.000E+01 1.080E+03 4.262E+00 2.346E−01 3.659E+02 4.184E+02 1.434E−01 3.530E+02 3.958E+02 1.210E−01 2.953E+00 1.000E+02 1.200E+03 4.269E+00 2.342E−01 3.809E+02 4.369E+02 1.470E−01 3.641E+02 4.079E+02 1.203E−01 3.152E+00

2.000E+02 2.400E+03 4.223E+00 2.368E−01 4.929E+02 5.689E+02 1.541E−01 4.402E+02 4.881E+02 1.089E−01 4.870E+00 3.000E+02 3.600E+03 4.180E+00 2.392E−01 5.649E+02 6.452E+02 1.423E−01 4.836E+02 5.295E+02 9.504E−02 6.375E+00 4.000E+02 4.800E+03 4.106E+00 2.435E−01 6.129E+02 6.897E+02 1.252E−01 5.080E+02 5.487E+02 8.020E−02 7.834E+00

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

4.000E+02 4.800E+03 4.106E+00 2.435E−01 6.129E+02 6.897E+02 1.252E−01 5.080E+02 5.487E+02 8.020E−02 7.834E+00 5.000E+02 6.000E+03 4.001E+00 2.499E−01 6.436E+02 7.127E+02 1.073E−01 5.179E+02 5.525E+02 6.684E−02 9.325E+00 6.000E+02 7.200E+03 3.881E+00 2.577E−01 6.626E+02 7.235E+02 9.190E−02 5.186E+02 5.483E+02 5.729E−02 1.087E+01 7.000E+02 8.400E+03 3.755E+00 2.663E−01 6.738E+02 7.272E+02 7.930E−02 5.132E+02 5.398E+02 5.176E−02 1.247E+01 8.000E+02 9.600E+03 3.629E+00 2.756E−01 6.793E+02 7.264E+02 6.932E−02 5.039E+02 5.291E+02 4.995E−02 1.414E+01 9.000E+02 1.080E+04 3.506E+00 2.852E−01 6.809E+02 7.228E+02 6.152E−02 4.919E+02 5.173E+02 5.152E−02 1.587E+01 1.000E+03 1.200E+04 3.387E+00 2.952E−01 6.797E+02 7.174E+02 5.550E−02 4.796E+02 5.057E+02 5.454E−02 1.766E+01 1.500E+03 1.800E+04 2.873E+00 3.480E−01 6.515E+02 6.792E+02 4.258E−02 4.261E+02 4.570E+02 7.261E−02 2.764E+01 2.000E+03 2.400E+04 2.480E+00 4.033E−01 6.112E+02 6.385E+02 4.466E−02 3.830E+02 4.188E+02 9.349E−02 3.929E+01 3.000E+03 3.600E+04 1.933E+00 5.172E−01 5.338E+02 5.682E+02 6.443E−02 3.190E+02 3.622E+02 1.354E−01 6.748E+01 4.000E+03 4.800E+04 1.577E+00 6.340E−01 4.706E+02 5.132E+02 9.048E−02 2.740E+02 3.218E+02 1.746E−01 1.021E+02 5.000E+03 6.000E+04 1.328E+00 7.531E−01 4.200E+02 4.694E+02 1.175E−01 2.405E+02 2.911E+02 2.103E−01 1.430E+02 6.000E+03 7.200E+04 1.144E+00 8.741E−01 3.791E+02 4.337E+02 1.438E−01 2.146E+02 2.667E+02 2.431E−01 1.901E+02 7.000E+03 8.400E+04 1.003E+00 9.971E−01 3.455E+02 4.039E+02 1.692E−01 1.939E+02 2.469E+02 2.734E−01 2.434E+02 8.000E+03 9.600E+04 8.914E−01 1.122E+00 3.174E+02 3.787E+02 1.934E−01 1.769E+02 2.302E+02 3.013E−01 3.028E+02 9.000E+03 1.080E+05 8.013E−01 1.248E+00 2.935E+02 3.570E+02 2.163E−01 1.628E+02 2.161E+02 3.273E−01 3.683E+02 1.000E+04 1.200E+05 7.269E−01 1.376E+00 2.731E+02 3.381E+02 2.380E−01 1.509E+02 2.039E+02 3.514E−01 4.398E+02 1.500E+04 1.800E+05 4.927E−01 2.030E+00 2.034E+02 2.706E+02 3.309E−01 1.110E+02 1.611E+02 4.505E−01 8.861E+02 2.000E+04 2.400E+05 3.699E−01 2.703E+00 1.628E+02 2.285E+02 4.042E−01 8.847E+01 1.349E+02 5.243E−01 1.476E+03 3.000E+04 3.600E+05 2.447E−01 4.087E+00 1.173E+02 1.777E+02 5.143E−01 6.370E+01 1.037E+02 6.277E−01 3.072E+03 4.000E+04 4.800E+05 1.817E−01 5.504E+00 9.236E+01 1.474E+02 5.961E−01 5.030E+01 8.538E+01 6.975E−01 5.203E+03 5.000E+04 6.000E+05 1.451E−01 6.890E+00 7.708E+01 1.273E+02 6.510E−01 4.199E+01 7.338E+01 7.475E−01 7.787E+03 6.000E+04 7.200E+05 1.211E−01 8.256E+00 6.662E+01 1.127E+02 6.913E−01 3.627E+01 6.477E+01 7.859E−01 1.081E+04 7.000E+04 8.400E+05 1.041E−01 9.602E+00 5.895E+01 1.016E+02 7.226E−01 3.206E+01 5.825E+01 8.167E−01 1.426E+04 8.000E+04 9.600E+05 9.152E−02 1.093E+01 5.310E+01 9.278E+01 7.473E−01 2.884E+01 5.312E+01 8.417E−01 1.809E+04 9.000E+04 1.080E+06 8.177E−02 1.223E+01 4.847E+01 8.564E+01 7.669E−01 2.629E+01 4.897E+01 8.623E−01 2.230E+04 1.000E+05 1.200E+06 7.403E−02 1.351E+01 4.471E+01 7.971E+01 7.827E−01 2.422E+01 4.552E+01 8.795E−01 2.686E+04 1.500E+05 1.800E+06 5.110E−02 1.957E+01 3.311E+01 6.044E+01 8.256E−01 1.779E+01 3.439E+01 9.328E−01 5.441E+04 2.000E+05 2.400E+06 3.980E−02 2.513E+01 2.706E+01 4.971E+01 8.373E−01 1.443E+01 2.822E+01 9.554E−01 8.877E+04 3.000E+05 3.600E+06 2.861E−02 3.495E+01 2.077E+01 3.788E+01 8.243E−01 1.094E+01 2.143E+01 9.591E−01 1.735E+05 4.000E+05 4.800E+06 2.304E−02 4.340E+01 1.749E+01 3.139E+01 7.946E−01 9.124E+00 1.769E+01 9.388E−01 2.746E+05 5.000E+05 6.000E+06 1.970E−02 5.076E+01 1.547E+01 2.723E+01 7.599E−01 8.013E+00 1.529E+01 9.082E−01 3.880E+05 6.000E+05 7.200E+06 1.746E−02 5.727E+01 1.410E+01 2.432E+01 7.249E−01 7.262E+00 1.360E+01 8.735E−01 5.110E+05 7.000E+05 8.400E+06 1.586E−02 6.306E+01 1.310E+01 2.216E+01 6.913E−01 6.721E+00 1.235E+01 8.378E−01 6.415E+05 8.000E+05 9.600E+06 1.465E−02 6.827E+01 1.235E+01 2.049E+01 6.596E−01 6.313E+00 1.138E+01 8.025E−01 7.779E+05 9.000E+05 1.080E+07 1.370E−02 7.298E+01 1.175E+01 1.916E+01 6.300E−01 5.995E+00 1.060E+01 7.683E−01 9.194E+05 1.000E+06 1.200E+07 1.294E−02 7.727E+01 1.127E+01 1.807E+01 6.025E−01 5.742E+00 9.965E+00 7.356E−01 1.065E+06

CARBON-13 IONS: A=13 Z=6 (a) Instantaneous Data

∆M=3.12504 MeV Mc2=1.2113E+04 MeV

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

1.000E−01 1.300E+00 2.147E−07 0.000E+00 1.346E−01 7.429E+00 1.247E+02 1.247E+02 1.541E−02 1.167E+02 1.500E−01 1.950E+00 3.220E−07 0.000E+00 1.960E−01 5.102E+00 1.325E+02 1.325E+02 2.043E−02 1.031E+02 2.000E−01 2.600E+00 4.293E−07 0.000E+00 2.445E−01 4.090E+00 1.362E+02 1.362E+02 2.525E−02 9.482E+01 3.000E−01 3.900E+00 6.440E−07 0.000E+00 3.515E−01 2.845E+00 1.408E+02 1.408E+02 3.460E−02 8.467E+01 4.000E−01 5.200E+00 8.586E−07 0.000E+00 4.348E−01 2.300E+00 1.425E+02 1.425E+02 4.376E−02 7.845E+01 5.000E−01 6.500E+00 1.073E−06 0.000E+00 5.223E−01 1.915E+00 1.436E+02 1.436E+02 5.284E−02 7.411E+01 6.000E−01 7.800E+00 1.288E−06 0.000E+00 6.156E−01 1.624E+00 1.443E+02 1.443E+02 6.187E−02 7.085E+01

6.829E+01 8.000E−01 1.040E+01 1.717E−06 0.000E+00 7.538E−01 1.327E+00 1.451E+02 1.451E+02 7.982E−02 6.620E+01 9.000E−01 1.170E+01 1.932E−06 0.000E+00 8.245E−01 1.213E+00 1.455E+02 1.455E+02 8.876E−02 6.445E+01 1.000E+00 1.300E+01 2.147E−06 0.000E+00 8.968E−01 1.115E+00 1.460E+02 1.460E+02 9.768E−02 6.296E+01 1.500E+00 1.950E+01 3.220E−06 0.000E+00 1.236E+00 8.089E−01 1.491E+02 1.491E+02 1.417E−01 5.779E+01 2.000E+00 2.600E+01 4.293E−06 0.000E+00 1.486E+00 6.729E−01 1.526E+02 1.526E+02 1.848E−01 5.462E+01 3.000E+00 3.900E+01 6.440E−06 0.000E+00 1.991E+00 5.023E−01 1.626E+02 1.626E+02 2.672E−01 5.076E+01 4.000E+00 5.200E+01 8.586E−06 0.000E+00 2.345E+00 4.265E−01 1.718E+02 1.718E+02 3.446E−01 4.839E+01 5.000E+00 6.500E+01 1.073E−05 0.000E+00 2.684E+00 3.726E−01 1.822E+02 1.822E+02 4.175E−01 4.673E+01 6.000E+00 7.800E+01 1.288E−05 0.000E+00 3.011E+00 3.321E−01 1.938E+02 1.938E+02 4.863E−01 4.550E+01 7.000E+00 9.100E+01 1.503E−05 0.000E+00 3.232E+00 3.094E−01 2.025E+02 2.025E+02 5.517E−01 4.452E+01 8.000E+00 1.040E+02 1.717E−05 0.000E+00 3.439E+00 2.908E−01 2.114E+02 2.114E+02 6.139E−01 4.372E+01 9.000E+00 1.170E+02 1.932E−05 0.000E+00 3.633E+00 2.753E−01 2.205E+02 2.205E+02 6.734E−01 4.306E+01 1.000E+01 1.300E+02 2.146E−05 0.000E+00 3.815E+00 2.621E−01 2.299E+02 2.299E+02 7.304E−01 4.249E+01 1.500E+01 1.950E+02 3.220E−05 0.000E+00 4.399E+00 2.273E−01 2.675E+02 2.675E+02 9.871E−01 4.052E+01 2.000E+01 2.600E+02 4.293E−05 0.000E+00 4.801E+00 2.083E−01 3.063E+02 3.063E+02 1.210E+00 3.931E+01 3.000E+01 3.900E+02 6.439E−05 0.000E+00 5.099E+00 1.961E−01 3.616E+02 3.616E+02 1.591E+00 3.784E+01 4.000E+01 5.200E+02 8.586E−05 0.000E+00 5.157E+00 1.939E−01 4.162E+02 4.162E+02 1.919E+00 3.694E+01 5.000E+01 6.500E+02 1.073E−04 0.000E+00 5.084E+00 1.967E−01 4.595E+02 4.525E+02 2.213E+00 3.631E+01 6.000E+01 7.800E+02 1.288E−04 0.000E+00 4.985E+00 2.006E−01 4.898E+02 4.675E+02 2.482E+00 3.584E+01 7.000E+01 9.100E+02 1.502E−04 0.000E+00 4.803E+00 2.082E−01 5.308E+02 4.888E+02 2.732E+00 3.547E+01 8.000E+01 1.040E+03 1.717E−04 0.000E+00 4.655E+00 2.148E−01 5.582E+02 5.035E+02 2.969E+00 3.517E+01 9.000E+01 1.170E+03 1.932E−04 0.000E+00 4.499E+00 2.223E−01 5.845E+02 5.178E+02 3.194E+00 3.491E+01 1.000E+02 1.300E+03 2.146E−04 0.000E+00 4.337E+00 2.306E−01 6.096E+02 5.316E+02 3.409E+00 3.470E+01 1.500E+02 1.950E+03 3.219E−04 0.000E+00 4.132E+00 2.420E−01 6.949E+02 5.784E+02 4.389E+00 3.395E+01 2.000E+02 2.600E+03 4.292E−04 0.000E+00 4.125E+00 2.424E−01 7.604E+02 6.114E+02 5.270E+00 3.349E+01 3.000E+02 3.900E+03 6.436E−04 0.000E+00 3.972E+00 2.518E−01 8.152E+02 6.276E+02 6.900E+00 3.293E+01 4.000E+02 5.200E+03 8.581E−04 2.056E+04 3.647E+00 2.742E−01 8.186E+02 5.985E+02 8.481E+00 3.258E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

4.000E+02 5.200E+03 8.581E−04 2.056E+04 3.647E+00 2.742E−01 8.186E+02 5.985E+02 8.481E+00 3.258E+01 5.000E+02 6.500E+03 1.072E−03 1.816E+04 3.321E+00 3.011E−01 7.942E+02 5.509E+02 1.010E+01 3.234E+01 6.000E+02 7.800E+03 1.287E−03 1.667E+04 3.100E+00 3.226E−01 7.722E+02 5.136E+02 1.177E+01 3.217E+01 7.000E+02 9.100E+03 1.501E−03 1.484E+04 2.810E+00 3.559E−01 7.376E+02 4.592E+02 1.351E+01 3.202E+01 8.000E+02 1.040E+04 1.715E−03 1.373E+04 2.624E+00 3.811E−01 7.122E+02 4.210E+02 1.531E+01 3.191E+01 9.000E+02 1.170E+04 1.929E−03 1.273E+04 2.452E+00 4.078E−01 6.865E+02 3.834E+02 1.718E+01 3.181E+01 1.000E+03 1.300E+04 2.143E−03 1.183E+04 2.293E+00 4.361E−01 6.609E+02 3.675E+02 1.913E+01 3.173E+01 1.500E+03 1.950E+04 3.212E−03 9.079E+03 1.787E+00 5.596E−01 5.674E+02 3.111E+02 2.994E+01 3.144E+01 2.000E+03 2.600E+04 4.279E−03 7.143E+03 1.415E+00 7.066E−01 4.862E+02 2.640E+02 4.256E+01 3.127E+01 3.000E+03 3.900E+04 6.409E−03 5.276E+03 1.047E+00 9.548E−01 3.936E+02 2.118E+02 7.310E+01 3.106E+01 4.000E+03 5.200E+04 8.531E−03 4.025E+03 7.970E−01 1.255E+00 3.222E+02 1.724E+02 1.106E+02 3.093E+01 5.000E+03 6.500E+04 1.065E−02 3.288E+03 6.489E−01 1.541E+00 2.759E+02 1.472E+02 1.549E+02 3.083E+01 6.000E+03 7.800E+04 1.276E−02 2.871E+03 5.646E−01 1.771E+00 2.479E+02 1.321E+02 2.059E+02 3.077E+01 7.000E+03 9.100E+04 1.486E−02 2.399E+03 4.695E−01 2.130E+00 2.147E+02 1.143E+02 2.636E+02 3.071E+01 8.000E+03 1.040E+05 1.695E−02 2.133E+03 4.158E−01 2.405E+00 1.951E+02 1.038E+02 3.280E+02 3.067E+01 9.000E+03 1.170E+05 1.904E−02 1.908E+03 3.706E−01 2.699E+00 1.781E+02 9.479E+01 3.990E+02 3.063E+01 1.000E+04 1.300E+05 2.112E−02 1.717E+03 3.319E−01 3.013E+00 1.631E+02 8.685E+01 4.765E+02 3.060E+01 1.500E+04 1.950E+05 3.144E−02 1.194E+03 2.270E−01 4.405E+00 1.201E+02 6.416E+01 9.600E+02 3.049E+01 2.000E+04 2.600E+05 4.159E−02 8.785E+02 1.642E−01 6.092E+00 9.209E+01 4.953E+01 1.599E+03 3.042E+01 3.000E+04 3.900E+05 6.141E−02 6.122E+02 1.115E−01 8.972E+00 6.686E+01 3.641E+01 3.328E+03 3.034E+01

3.029E+01 5.000E+04 6.500E+05 9.927E−02 3.668E+02 6.558E−02 1.525E+01 4.311E+01 2.343E+01 8.436E+03 3.026E+01 6.000E+04 7.800E+05 1.173E−01 3.199E+02 5.698E−02 1.755E+01 3.838E+01 2.081E+01 1.172E+04 3.023E+01 7.000E+04 9.100E+05 1.349E−01 2.687E+02 4.770E−02 2.096E+01 3.312E+01 1.788E+01 1.545E+04 3.021E+01 8.000E+04 1.040E+06 1.519E−01 2.404E+02 4.263E−02 2.346E+01 3.018E+01 1.624E+01 1.960E+04 3.020E+01 9.000E+04 1.170E+06 1.684E−01 2.170E+02 3.844E−02 2.602E+01 2.771E+01 1.485E+01 2.416E+04 3.018E+01 1.000E+05 1.300E+06 1.845E−01 1.972E+02 3.491E−02 2.865E+01 2.559E+01 1.366E+01 2.910E+04 3.017E+01 1.500E+05 1.950E+06 2.581E−01 1.442E+02 2.550E−02 3.921E+01 1.977E+01 1.040E+01 5.895E+04 3.013E+01 2.000E+05 2.600E+06 3.222E−01 1.128E+02 1.993E−02 5.017E+01 1.619E+01 8.392E+00 9.617E+04 3.010E+01 3.000E+05 3.900E+06 4.278E−01 8.649E+01 1.527E−02 6.550E+01 1.308E+01 6.674E+00 1.880E+05 3.007E+01 4.000E+05 5.200E+06 5.105E−01 7.102E+01 1.249E−02 8.008E+01 1.119E+01 5.647E+00 2.975E+05 3.005E+01 5.000E+05 6.500E+06 5.765E−01 6.272E+01 1.097E−02 9.112E+01 1.015E+01 5.095E+00 4.204E+05 3.004E+01 6.000E+05 7.800E+06 6.300E−01 5.827E+01 1.015E-02 9.851E+01 9.593E+00 4.802E+00 5.536E+05 3.003E+01 7.000E+05 9.100E+06 6.739E−01 5.349E+01 9.253E−03 1.081E+02 8.984E+00 4.493E+00 6.949E+05 3.002E+01 8.000E+05 1.040E+07 7.105E−01 5.090E+01 8.757E−03 1.142E+02 8.654E+00 4.330E+00 8.428E+05 3.002E+01 9.000E+05 1.170E+07 7.413E−01 4.879E+01 8.344E−03 1.198E+02 8.384E+00 4.201E+00 9.960E+05 3.001E+01 1.000E+06 1.300E+07 7.674E−01 4.704E+01 7.995E−03 1.251E+02 8.160E+00 4.098E+00 1.154E+06 3.001E+01

(b) Equilibrium Values

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

1.000E−01 1.300E+00 6.623E−02 1.510E+01 9.842E+01 1.039E+02 5.594E−02 9.842E+01 1.039E+02 5.594E−02 1.541E−02 1.500E−01 1.950E+00 9.475E−02 1.055E+01 1.071E+02 1.126E+02 5.094E−02 1.071E+02 1.126E+02 5.094E−02 2.043E−02 2.000E−01 2.600E+00 1.223E−01 8.179E+00 1.130E+02 1.182E+02 4.616E−02 1.130E+02 1.182E+02 4.616E−02 2.525E−02 3.000E−01 3.900E+00 1.749E−01 5.717E+00 1.206E+02 1.252E+02 3.839E−02 1.206E+02 1.252E+02 3.839E−02 3.460E−02 4.000E−01 5.200E+00 2.251E−01 4.443E+00 1.253E+02 1.294E+02 3.265E−02 1.253E+02 1.294E+02 3.265E−02 4.376E−02 5.000E−01 6.500E+00 2.731E−01 3.661E+00 1.285E+02 1.322E+02 2.831E−02 1.285E+02 1.322E+02 2.831E−02 5.284E−02 6.000E−01 7.800E+00 3.194E−01 3.131E+00 1.309E+02 1.342E+02 2.496E−02 1.309E+02 1.342E+02 2.496E−02 6.187E−02 7.000E−01 9.100E+00 3.640E−01 2.747E+00 1.327E+02 1.356E+02 2.230E−02 1.327E+02 1.356E+02 2.230E−02 7.086E−02 8.000E−01 1.040E+01 4.072E−01 2.456E+00 1.341E+02 1.368E+02 2.016E−02 1.341E+02 1.368E+02 2.016E−02 7.982E−02 9.000E−01 1.170E+01 4.491E−01 2.227E+00 1.353E+02 1.378E+02 1.841E−02 1.353E+02 1.378E+02 1.841E−02 8.876E−02 1.000E+00 1.300E+01 4.897E−01 2.042E+00 1.363E+02 1.386E+02 1.696E−02 1.363E+02 1.386E+02 1.696E−02 9.768E−02 1.500E+00 1.950E+01 6.770E−01 1.477E+00 1.398E+02 1.416E+02 1.242E−02 1.398E+02 1.416E+02 1.242E−02 1.417E−01 2.000E+00 2.600E+01 8.431E−01 1.186E+00 1.425E+02 1.439E+02 1.027E−02 1.425E+02 1.439E+02 1.027E−02 1.848E−01 3.000E+00 3.900E+01 1.129E+00 8.856E−01 1.472E+02 1.486E+02 9.030E−03 1.472E+02 1.486E+02 9.030E−03 2.672E−01 4.000E+00 5.200E+01 1.371E+00 7.296E−01 1.519E+02 1.534E+02 9.860E−03 1.519E+02 1.534E+02 9.860E−03 3.446E−01 5.000E+00 6.500E+01 1.580E+00 6.331E−01 1.565E+02 1.584E+02 1.182E−02 1.565E+02 1.584E+02 1.182E−02 4.175E−01 6.000E+00 7.800E+01 1.764E+00 5.670E−01 1.611E+02 1.634E+02 1.447E−02 1.611E+02 1.634E+02 1.447E−02 4.863E−01 7.000E+00 9.100E+01 1.928E+00 5.187E−01 1.656E+02 1.685E+02 1.756E−02 1.656E+02 1.685E+02 1.756E−02 5.517E−01 8.000E+00 1.040E+02 2.076E+00 4.817E−01 1.700E+02 1.736E+02 2.089E−02 1.700E+02 1.736E+02 2.089E−02 6.139E−01 9.000E+00 1.170E+02 2.210E+00 4.525E−01 1.743E+02 1.786E+02 2.436E−02 1.743E+02 1.786E+02 2.436E−02 6.734E−01 1.000E+01 1.300E+02 2.333E+00 4.287E−01 1.785E+02 1.835E+02 2.788E−02 1.785E+02 1.835E+02 2.788E−02 7.304E−01 1.500E+01 1.950E+02 2.817E+00 3.550E−01 1.979E+02 2.069E+02 4.502E−02 1.979E+02 2.069E+02 4.502E−02 9.871E−01 2.000E+01 2.600E+02 3.158E+00 3.166E−01 2.153E+02 2.282E+02 6.012E−02 2.153E+02 2.282E+02 6.012E−02 1.210E+00 3.000E+01 3.900E+02 3.602E+00 2.776E−01 2.454E+02 2.659E+02 8.387E−02 2.454E+02 2.659E+02 8.387E−02 1.591E+00 4.000E+01 5.200E+02 3.867E+00 2.586E−01 2.712E+02 2.986E+02 1.012E−01 2.712E+02 2.986E+02 1.012E−01 1.919E+00 5.000E+01 6.500E+02 4.034E+00 2.479E−01 2.940E+02 3.275E+02 1.142E−01 2.938E+02 3.271E+02 1.135E−01 2.213E+00 6.000E+01 7.800E+02 4.139E+00 2.416E−01 3.145E+02 3.535E+02 1.240E−01 3.123E+02 3.492E+02 1.184E−01 2.482E+00 7.000E+01 9.100E+02 4.206E+00 2.378E−01 3.332E+02 3.771E+02 1.315E−01 3.279E+02 3.672E+02 1.200E−01 2.732E+00 8.000E+01 1.040E+03 4.245E+00 2.356E−01 3.505E+02 3.987E+02 1.374E−01 3.415E+02 3.825E+02 1.202E−01 2.969E+00 9.000E+01 1.170E+03 4.266E+00 2.344E−01 3.665E+02 4.186E+02 1.421E−01 3.537E+02 3.960E+02 1.198E−01 3.194E+00 1.000E+02 1.300E+03 4.273E+00 2.340E−01 3.815E+02 4.371E+02 1.457E−01 3.647E+02 4.081E+02 1.191E−01 3.409E+00 1.500E+02 1.950E+03 4.242E+00 2.357E−01 4.444E+02 5.128E+02 1.538E−01 4.086E+02 4.551E+02 1.140E−01 4.389E+00 2.000E+02 2.600E+03 4.225E+00 2.367E−01 4.935E+02 5.690E+02 1.532E−01 4.406E+02 4.882E+02 1.080E−01 5.270E+00

4.000E+02 5.200E+03 4.108E+00 2.435E−01 6.133E+02 6.897E+02 1.246E−01 5.083E+02 5.488E+02 7.963E−02 8.481E+00

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

4.000E+02 5.200E+03 4.108E+00 2.435E−01 6.133E+02 6.897E+02 1.246E−01 5.083E+02 5.488E+02 7.963E−02 8.481E+00 5.000E+02 6.500E+03 4.003E+00 2.498E−01 6.442E+02 7.128E+02 1.064E−01 5.184E+02 5.526E+02 6.601E−02 1.010E+01 6.000E+02 7.800E+03 3.881E+00 2.576E−01 6.630E+02 7.236E+02 9.141E−02 5.189E+02 5.484E+02 5.685E−02 1.177E+01 7.000E+02 9.100E+03 3.755E+00 2.663E−01 6.740E+02 7.272E+02 7.890E−02 5.135E+02 5.399E+02 5.138E−02 1.351E+01 8.000E+02 1.040E+04 3.629E+00 2.755E−01 6.796E+02 7.264E+02 6.898E−02 5.041E+02 5.291E+02 4.963E−02 1.531E+01 9.000E+02 1.170E+04 3.506E+00 2.852E−01 6.811E+02 7.228E+02 6.122E−02 4.921E+02 5.174E+02 5.124E−02 1.718E+01 1.000E+03 1.300E+04 3.388E+00 2.952E−01 6.799E+02 7.174E+02 5.523E−02 4.800E+02 5.059E+02 5.409E−02 1.913E+01 1.500E+03 1.950E+04 2.874E+00 3.480E−01 6.516E+02 6.792E+02 4.241E−02 4.263E+02 4.572E+02 7.235E−02 2.994E+01 2.000E+03 2.600E+04 2.480E+00 4.033E−01 6.112E+02 6.385E+02 4.455E−02 3.832E+02 4.190E+02 9.333E−02 4.256E+01 3.000E+03 3.900E+04 1.933E+00 5.172E−01 5.338E+02 5.682E+02 6.437E−02 3.192E+02 3.624E+02 1.354E−01 7.310E+01 4.000E+03 5.200E+04 1.577E+00 6.340E−01 4.706E+02 5.132E+02 9.043E−02 2.741E+02 3.219E+02 1.745E−01 1.106E+02 5.000E+03 6.500E+04 1.328E+00 7.530E−01 4.201E+02 4.694E+02 1.174E−01 2.406E+02 2.912E+02 2.103E−01 1.549E+02 6.000E+03 7.800E+04 1.144E+00 8.741E−01 3.792E+02 4.337E+02 1.438E−01 2.146E+02 2.668E+02 2.432E−01 2.059E+02 7.000E+03 9.100E+04 1.003E+00 9.971E−01 3.455E+02 4.039E+02 1.692E−01 1.939E+02 2.469E+02 2.734E−01 2.636E+02 8.000E+03 1.040E+05 8.914E−01 1.122E+00 3.174E+02 3.787E+02 1.933E−01 1.770E+02 2.303E+02 3.014E−01 3.280E+02 9.000E+03 1.170E+05 8.013E−01 1.248E+00 2.935E+02 3.570E+02 2.162E−01 1.629E+02 2.162E+02 3.273E−01 3.990E+02 1.000E+04 1.300E+05 7.269E−01 1.376E+00 2.731E+02 3.381E+02 2.379E−01 1.509E+02 2.040E+02 3.514E−01 4.765E+02 1.500E+04 1.950E+05 4.927E−01 2.030E+00 2.034E+02 2.706E+02 3.309E−01 1.111E+02 1.611E+02 4.506E−01 9.600E+02 2.000E+04 2.600E+05 3.699E−01 2.703E+00 1.628E+02 2.285E+02 4.041E−01 8.850E+01 1.349E+02 5.244E−01 1.599E+03 3.000E+04 3.900E+05 2.447E−01 4.087E+00 1.173E+02 1.777E+02 5.143E−01 6.372E+01 1.037E+02 6.278E−01 3.328E+03 4.000E+04 5.200E+05 1.817E−01 5.504E+00 9.236E+01 1.474E+02 5.960E−01 5.031E+01 8.540E+01 6.976E−01 5.637E+03 5.000E+04 6.500E+05 1.453E−01 6.883E+00 7.718E+01 1.272E+02 6.486E−01 4.200E+01 7.340E+01 7.475E−01 8.436E+03 6.000E+04 7.800E+05 1.212E−01 8.249E+00 6.668E+01 1.127E+02 6.896E−01 3.627E+01 6.479E+01 7.862E−01 1.172E+04 7.000E+04 9.100E+05 1.042E−01 9.595E+00 5.901E+01 1.016E+02 7.211E−01 3.207E+01 5.827E+01 8.168E−01 1.545E+04 8.000E+04 1.040E+06 9.158E−02 1.092E+01 5.314E+01 9.278E+01 7.461E−01 2.885E+01 5.314E+01 8.418E−01 1.960E+04 9.000E+04 1.170E+06 8.183E−02 1.222E+01 4.850E+01 8.565E+01 7.660E−01 2.630E+01 4.898E+01 8.624E−01 2.416E+04 1.000E+05 1.300E+06 7.407E−02 1.350E+01 4.474E+01 7.972E+01 7.819E−01 2.423E+01 4.553E+01 8.796E−01 2.910E+04 1.500E+05 1.950E+06 5.112E−02 1.956E+01 3.312E+01 6.046E+01 8.255E−01 1.780E+01 3.440E+01 9.330E−01 5.895E+04 2.000E+05 2.600E+06 3.982E−02 2.512E+01 2.707E+01 4.973E+01 8.373E−01 1.444E+01 2.823E+01 9.555E−01 9.617E+04 3.000E+05 3.900E+06 2.862E−02 3.494E+01 2.077E+01 3.790E+01 8.250E−01 1.094E+01 2.144E+01 9.598E−01 1.880E+05 4.000E+05 5.200E+06 2.305E−02 4.339E+01 1.749E+01 3.140E+01 7.947E−01 9.126E+00 1.769E+01 9.388E−01 2.975E+05 5.000E+05 6.500E+06 1.970E−02 5.075E+01 1.547E+01 2.724E+01 7.602E−01 8.014E+00 1.529E+01 9.083E−01 4.204E+05 6.000E+05 7.800E+06 1.747E−02 5.726E+01 1.410E+01 2.433E+01 7.252E−01 7.263E+00 1.361E+01 8.736E−01 5.536E+05 7.000E+05 9.100E+06 1.586E−02 6.305E+01 1.310E+01 2.217E+01 6.916E−01 6.722E+00 1.235E+01 8.380E−01 6.949E+05 8.000E+05 1.040E+07 1.465E−02 6.826E+01 1.235E+01 2.050E+01 6.600E−01 6.314E+00 1.138E+01 8.027E−01 8.428E+05 9.000E+05 1.170E+07 1.370E−02 7.298E+01 1.175E+01 1.916E+01 6.305E−01 5.996E+00 1.060E+01 7.686E−01 9.960E+05 1.000E+06 1.300E+07 1.294E−02 7.727E+01 1.127E+01 1.807E+01 6.029E−01 5.742E+00 9.967E+00 7.358E−01 1.154E+06

NITROGEN-12 IONS: A=12 Z=7 (a) Instantaneous Data

∆M=17.33800 MeV Mc2=1.1195E+04 MeV

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

1.000E−01 1.200E+00 2.144E−07 0.000E+00 1.379E−01 7.254E+00 1.356E+02 1.356E+02 1.368E−02 1.265E+02 1.500E−01 1.800E+00 3.216E−07 0.000E+00 2.014E−01 4.964E+00 1.458E+02 1.458E+02 1.790E−02 1.114E+02 2.000E−01 2.400E+00 4.288E−07 0.000E+00 2.518E−01 3.971E+00 1.511E+02 1.511E+02 2.192E−02 1.022E+02 3.000E−01 3.600E+00 6.431E−07 0.000E+00 3.635E−01 2.751E+00 1.582E+02 1.582E+02 2.963E−02 9.099E+01 4.000E−01 4.800E+00 8.575E−07 0.000E+00 4.508E−01 2.218E+00 1.614E+02 1.614E+02 3.711E−02 8.410E+01 5.000E−01 6.000E+00 1.072E−06 0.000E+00 5.428E−01 1.842E+00 1.636E+02 1.636E+02 4.447E−02 7.930E+01 6.000E−01 7.200E+00 1.286E−06 0.000E+00 6.412E−01 1.560E+00 1.653E+02 1.653E+02 5.175E−02 7.570E+01 7.000E−01 8.400E+00 1.501E−06 0.000E+00 7.139E−01 1.401E+00 1.663E+02 1.663E+02 5.897E−02 7.286E+01 8.000E−01 9.600E+00 1.715E−06 0.000E+00 7.875E−01 1.270E+00 1.672E+02 1.672E+02 6.615E−02 7.055E+01

6.861E+01 1.000E+00 1.200E+01 2.144E−06 0.000E+00 9.393E−01 1.065E+00 1.689E+02 1.689E+02 8.039E−02 6.696E+01 1.500E+00 1.800E+01 3.216E−06 0.000E+00 1.302E+00 7.681E−01 1.733E+02 1.733E+02 1.154E−01 6.124E+01 2.000E+00 2.400E+01 4.288E−06 0.000E+00 1.571E+00 6.367E−01 1.775E+02 1.775E+02 1.495E−01 5.773E+01 3.000E+00 3.600E+01 6.431E−06 0.000E+00 2.117E+00 4.723E−01 1.886E+02 1.886E+02 2.148E−01 5.345E+01 4.000E+00 4.800E+01 8.575E−06 0.000E+00 2.504E+00 3.994E−01 1.986E+02 1.986E+02 2.764E−01 5.083E+01 5.000E+00 6.000E+01 1.072E−05 0.000E+00 2.877E+00 3.476E−01 2.099E+02 2.099E+02 3.344E−01 4.900E+01 6.000E+00 7.200E+01 1.286E−05 0.000E+00 3.240E+00 3.086E−01 2.225E+02 2.225E+02 3.894E−01 4.763E+01 7.000E+00 8.400E+01 1.501E−05 0.000E+00 3.486E+00 2.868E−01 2.320E+02 2.320E+02 4.417E−01 4.655E+01 8.000E+00 9.600E+01 1.715E−05 0.000E+00 3.718E+00 2.689E−01 2.418E+02 2.418E+02 4.916E−01 4.567E+01 9.000E+00 1.080E+02 1.929E−05 0.000E+00 3.937E+00 2.540E−01 2.519E+02 2.519E+02 5.393E−01 4.493E+01 1.000E+01 1.200E+02 2.144E−05 0.000E+00 4.144E+00 2.413E−01 2.623E+02 2.623E+02 5.852E−01 4.430E+01 1.500E+01 1.800E+02 3.216E−05 0.000E+00 4.914E+00 2.035E−01 3.115E+02 3.115E+02 7.919E−01 4.212E+01 2.000E+01 2.400E+02 4.287E−05 0.000E+00 5.299E+00 1.887E−01 3.477E+02 3.477E+02 9.714E−01 4.079E+01 3.000E+01 3.600E+02 6.431E−05 0.000E+00 5.716E+00 1.749E−01 4.207E+02 4.207E+02 1.280E+00 3.916E+01 4.000E+01 4.800E+02 8.574E−05 0.000E+00 5.793E+00 1.726E−01 4.722E+02 4.722E+02 1.544E+00 3.816E+01 5.000E+01 6.000E+02 1.072E−04 0.000E+00 5.744E+00 1.741E−01 5.220E+02 5.161E+02 1.781E+00 3.746E+01 6.000E+01 7.200E+02 1.286E−04 0.000E+00 5.607E+00 1.783E−01 5.710E+02 5.403E+02 1.998E+00 3.694E+01 7.000E+01 8.400E+02 1.500E−04 0.000E+00 5.475E+00 1.827E−01 6.047E+02 5.579E+02 2.200E+00 3.653E+01 8.000E+01 9.600E+02 1.715E−04 0.000E+00 5.325E+00 1.878E−01 6.369E+02 5.752E+02 2.389E+00 3.619E+01 9.000E+01 1.080E+03 1.929E−04 0.000E+00 5.163E+00 1.937E−01 6.679E+02 5.922E+02 2.570E+00 3.591E+01 1.000E+02 1.200E+03 2.143E−04 0.000E+00 4.992E+00 2.003E−01 6.978E+02 6.089E+02 2.743E+00 3.567E+01 1.500E+02 1.800E+03 3.215E−04 0.000E+00 4.776E+00 2.094E−01 8.173E+02 6.763E+02 3.524E+00 3.484E+01 2.000E+02 2.400E+03 4.286E−04 0.000E+00 4.804E+00 2.081E−01 8.853E+02 7.133E+02 4.222E+00 3.434E+01 3.000E+02 3.600E+03 6.428E−04 0.000E+00 4.676E+00 2.138E−01 9.744E+02 7.504E+02 5.496E+00 3.372E+01 4.000E+02 4.800E+03 8.570E−04 0.000E+00 4.451E+00 2.247E−01 9.973E+02 7.422E+02 6.707E+00 3.334E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

4.000E+02 4.800E+03 8.570E−04 0.000E+00 4.451E+00 2.247E−01 9.973E+02 7.422E+02 6.707E+00 3.334E+01 5.000E+02 6.000E+03 1.071E−03 2.258E+04 4.105E+00 2.436E−01 9.796E+02 6.973E+02 7.923E+00 3.307E+01 6.000E+02 7.200E+03 1.285E−03 2.020E+04 3.757E+00 2.661E−01 9.488E+02 6.417E+02 9.172E+00 3.287E+01 7.000E+02 8.400E+03 1.499E−03 1.872E+04 3.525E+00 2.837E−01 9.231E+02 5.999E+02 1.046E+01 3.272E+01 8.000E+02 9.600E+03 1.713E−03 1.740E+04 3.309E+00 3.022E−01 8.961E+02 5.579E+02 1.179E+01 3.259E+01 9.000E+02 1.080E+04 1.927E−03 1.621E+04 3.108E+00 3.217E−01 8.681E+02 5.159E+02 1.317E+01 3.248E+01 1.000E+03 1.200E+04 2.140E−03 1.513E+04 2.920E+00 3.424E−01 8.396E+02 4.742E+02 1.459E+01 3.239E+01 1.500E+03 1.800E+04 3.208E−03 1.132E+04 2.224E+00 4.496E−01 7.146E+02 3.916E+02 2.242E+01 3.207E+01 2.000E+03 2.400E+04 4.274E−03 9.383E+03 1.853E+00 5.395E−01 6.349E+02 3.452E+02 3.146E+01 3.188E+01 3.000E+03 3.600E+04 6.400E−03 6.703E+03 1.327E+00 7.535E−01 5.041E+02 2.713E+02 5.306E+01 3.164E+01 4.000E+03 4.800E+04 8.520E−03 5.412E+03 1.070E+00 9.350E−01 4.311E+02 2.309E+02 7.929E+01 3.150E+01 5.000E+03 6.000E+04 1.063E−02 4.455E+03 8.772E−01 1.140E+00 3.719E+02 1.986E+02 1.101E+02 3.140E+01 6.000E+03 7.200E+04 1.274E−02 3.709E+03 7.272E−01 1.375E+00 3.223E+02 1.719E+02 1.453E+02 3.132E+01 7.000E+03 8.400E+04 1.484E−02 3.282E+03 6.411E−01 1.560E+00 2.924E+02 1.558E+02 1.850E+02 3.126E+01 8.000E+03 9.600E+04 1.693E−02 2.926E+03 5.695E−01 1.756E+00 2.665E+02 1.420E+02 2.292E+02 3.121E+01 9.000E+03 1.080E+05 1.902E−02 2.624E+03 5.088E−01 1.966E+00 2.439E+02 1.299E+02 2.777E+02 3.117E+01 1.000E+04 1.200E+05 2.110E−02 2.365E+03 4.566E−01 2.190E+00 2.238E+02 1.193E+02 3.306E+02 3.114E+01 1.500E+04 1.800E+05 3.140E−02 1.561E+03 2.958E−01 3.381E+00 1.577E+02 8.442E+01 6.597E+02 3.102E+01 2.000E+04 2.400E+05 4.153E−02 1.216E+03 2.271E−01 4.403E+00 1.271E+02 6.839E+01 1.094E+03 3.095E+01 3.000E+04 3.600E+05 6.134E−02 8.029E+02 1.454E−01 6.876E+00 8.791E+01 4.800E+01 2.267E+03 3.086E+01 4.000E+04 4.800E+05 8.053E−02 6.281E+02 1.112E−01 8.989E+00 7.028E+01 3.888E+01 3.833E+03 3.080E+01 5.000E+04 6.000E+05 9.915E−02 5.081E+02 9.073E−02 1.102E+01 5.951E+01 3.238E+01 5.732E+03 3.076E+01

3.073E+01 7.000E+04 8.400E+05 1.347E−01 3.720E+02 6.595E−02 1.516E+01 4.569E+01 2.470E+01 1.049E+04 3.071E+01 8.000E+04 9.600E+05 1.517E−01 3.328E+02 5.892E−02 1.697E+01 4.162E+01 2.243E+01 1.330E+04 3.069E+01 9.000E+04 1.080E+06 1.682E−01 3.003E+02 5.312E−02 1.883E+01 3.820E+01 2.051E+01 1.639E+04 3.068E+01 1.000E+05 1.200E+06 1.842E−01 2.729E+02 4.823E−02 2.074E+01 3.528E+01 1.886E+01 1.974E+04 3.066E+01 1.500E+05 1.800E+06 2.578E−01 1.903E+02 3.360E−02 2.976E+01 2.622E+01 1.377E+01 3.999E+04 3.062E+01 2.000E+05 2.400E+06 3.219E−01 1.557E+02 2.748E−02 3.639E+01 2.227E+01 1.156E+01 6.523E+04 3.059E+01 3.000E+05 3.600E+06 4.274E−01 1.148E+02 2.023E−02 4.944E+01 1.744E+01 8.888E+00 1.275E+05 3.055E+01 4.000E+05 4.800E+06 5.101E−01 9.775E+01 1.717E−02 5.823E+01 1.536E+01 7.757E+00 2.018E+05 3.053E+01 5.000E+05 6.000E+06 5.761E−01 8.621E+01 1.508E−02 6.633E+01 1.392E+01 6.991E+00 2.851E+05 3.052E+01 6.000E+05 7.200E+06 6.296E−01 7.789E+01 1.354E−02 7.386E+01 1.287E+01 6.443E+00 3.754E+05 3.051E+01 7.000E+05 8.400E+06 6.736E−01 7.339E+01 1.269E−02 7.878E+01 1.230E+01 6.153E+00 4.713E+05 3.050E+01 8.000E+05 9.600E+06 7.102E−01 6.979E+01 1.201E−02 8.329E+01 1.184E+01 5.925E+00 5.716E+05 3.049E+01 9.000E+05 1.080E+07 7.409E−01 6.685E+01 1.144E−02 8.745E+01 1.146E+01 5.745E+00 6.755E+05 3.049E+01 1.000E+06 1.200E+07 7.670E−01 6.441E+01 1.095E−02 9.131E+01 1.115E+01 5.601E+00 7.824E+05 3.048E+01

(b) Equilibrium Values

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

1.000E−01 1.200E+00 6.827E−02 1.465E+01 1.052E+02 1.117E+02 6.184E−02 1.052E+02 1.117E+02 6.184E−02 1.368E−02 1.500E−01 1.800E+00 9.768E−02 1.024E+01 1.154E+02 1.220E+02 5.774E−02 1.154E+02 1.220E+02 5.774E−02 1.790E−02 2.000E−01 2.400E+00 1.261E−01 7.931E+00 1.224E+02 1.290E+02 5.337E−02 1.224E+02 1.290E+02 5.337E−02 2.192E−02 3.000E−01 3.600E+00 1.806E−01 5.536E+00 1.319E+02 1.379E+02 4.584E−02 1.319E+02 1.379E+02 4.584E−02 2.963E−02 4.000E−01 4.800E+00 2.327E−01 4.297E+00 1.381E+02 1.436E+02 4.000E−02 1.381E+02 1.436E+02 4.000E−02 3.711E−02 5.000E−01 6.000E+00 2.828E−01 3.536E+00 1.425E+02 1.475E+02 3.544E−02 1.425E+02 1.475E+02 3.544E−02 4.447E−02 6.000E−01 7.200E+00 3.312E−01 3.020E+00 1.458E+02 1.504E+02 3.181E−02 1.458E+02 1.504E+02 3.181E−02 5.175E−02 7.000E−01 8.400E+00 3.779E−01 2.646E+00 1.484E+02 1.527E+02 2.887E−02 1.484E+02 1.527E+02 2.887E−02 5.897E−02 8.000E−01 9.600E+00 4.233E−01 2.362E+00 1.505E+02 1.545E+02 2.646E−02 1.505E+02 1.545E+02 2.646E−02 6.615E−02 9.000E−01 1.080E+01 4.674E−01 2.140E+00 1.523E+02 1.560E+02 2.444E−02 1.523E+02 1.560E+02 2.444E−02 7.329E−02 1.000E+00 1.200E+01 5.103E−01 1.960E+00 1.538E+02 1.573E+02 2.275E−02 1.538E+02 1.573E+02 2.275E−02 8.039E−02 1.500E+00 1.800E+01 7.092E−01 1.410E+00 1.593E+02 1.620E+02 1.727E−02 1.593E+02 1.620E+02 1.727E−02 1.154E−01 2.000E+00 2.400E+01 8.871E−01 1.127E+00 1.631E+02 1.655E+02 1.452E−02 1.631E+02 1.655E+02 1.452E−02 1.495E−01 3.000E+00 3.600E+01 1.196E+00 8.359E−01 1.694E+02 1.716E+02 1.255E−02 1.694E+02 1.716E+02 1.255E−02 2.148E−01 4.000E+00 4.800E+01 1.460E+00 6.851E−01 1.752E+02 1.774E+02 1.285E−02 1.752E+02 1.774E+02 1.285E−02 2.764E−01 5.000E+00 6.000E+01 1.689E+00 5.921E−01 1.807E+02 1.833E+02 1.437E−02 1.807E+02 1.833E+02 1.437E−02 3.344E−01 6.000E+00 7.200E+01 1.892E+00 5.285E−01 1.860E+02 1.891E+02 1.660E−02 1.860E+02 1.891E+02 1.660E−02 3.894E−01 7.000E+00 8.400E+01 2.074E+00 4.821E−01 1.912E+02 1.948E+02 1.929E−02 1.912E+02 1.948E+02 1.929E−02 4.417E−01 8.000E+00 9.600E+01 2.239E+00 4.467E−01 1.962E+02 2.006E+02 2.224E−02 1.962E+02 2.006E+02 2.224E−02 4.916E−01 9.000E+00 1.080E+02 2.388E+00 4.187E−01 2.011E+02 2.062E+02 2.536E−02 2.011E+02 2.062E+02 2.536E−02 5.393E−01 1.000E+01 1.200E+02 2.526E+00 3.959E−01 2.059E+02 2.117E+02 2.857E−02 2.059E+02 2.117E+02 2.857E−02 5.852E−01 1.500E+01 1.800E+02 3.071E+00 3.256E−01 2.279E+02 2.381E+02 4.448E−02 2.279E+02 2.381E+02 4.448E−02 7.919E−01 2.000E+01 2.400E+02 3.459E+00 2.891E−01 2.476E+02 2.622E+02 5.882E−02 2.476E+02 2.622E+02 5.882E−02 9.714E−01 3.000E+01 3.600E+02 3.969E+00 2.519E−01 2.818E+02 3.049E+02 8.188E−02 2.818E+02 3.049E+02 8.188E−02 1.280E+00 4.000E+01 4.800E+02 4.279E+00 2.337E−01 3.112E+02 3.420E+02 9.908E−02 3.112E+02 3.420E+02 9.908E−02 1.544E+00 5.000E+01 6.000E+02 4.477E+00 2.234E−01 3.372E+02 3.750E+02 1.122E−01 3.369E+02 3.744E+02 1.114E−01 1.781E+00 6.000E+01 7.200E+02 4.606E+00 2.171E−01 3.607E+02 4.048E+02 1.223E−01 3.581E+02 3.998E+02 1.165E−01 1.998E+00 7.000E+01 8.400E+02 4.690E+00 2.132E−01 3.822E+02 4.320E+02 1.302E−01 3.759E+02 4.204E+02 1.184E−01 2.200E+00 8.000E+01 9.600E+02 4.742E+00 2.109E−01 4.020E+02 4.569E+02 1.365E−01 3.915E+02 4.381E+02 1.188E−01 2.389E+00 9.000E+01 1.080E+03 4.773E+00 2.095E−01 4.205E+02 4.800E+02 1.415E−01 4.055E+02 4.537E+02 1.187E−01 2.570E+00 1.000E+02 1.200E+03 4.788E+00 2.089E−01 4.378E+02 5.015E+02 1.455E−01 4.182E+02 4.677E+02 1.183E−01 2.743E+00 1.500E+02 1.800E+03 4.782E+00 2.091E−01 5.110E+02 5.906E+02 1.558E−01 4.693E+02 5.232E+02 1.149E−01 3.524E+00 2.000E+02 2.400E+03 4.785E+00 2.090E−01 5.687E+02 6.581E+02 1.572E−01 5.074E+02 5.635E+02 1.106E−01 4.222E+00 3.000E+02 3.600E+03 4.777E+00 2.093E−01 6.552E+02 7.528E+02 1.489E−01 5.611E+02 6.172E+02 9.987E−02 5.496E+00 4.000E+02 4.800E+03 4.735E+00 2.112E−01 7.159E+02 8.124E+02 1.348E−01 5.948E+02 6.468E+02 8.737E−02 6.707E+00

keV/A

keV

nm

keV/µm

keV/µm

L

LDav 100

Range µm

4.000E+02 4.800E+03 4.735E+00 2.112E−01 7.159E+02 8.124E+02 1.348E−01 5.948E+02 6.468E+02 8.737E−02 6.707E+00 5.000E+02 6.000E+03 4.656E+00 2.148E−01 7.575E+02 8.474E+02 1.186E−01 6.130E+02 6.587E+02 7.456E−02 7.923E+00 6.000E+02 7.200E+03 4.551E+00 2.197E−01 7.853E+02 8.663E+02 1.033E−01 6.198E+02 6.594E+02 6.382E−02 9.172E+00 7.000E+02 8.400E+03 4.434E+00 2.255E−01 8.033E+02 8.757E+02 9.014E−02 6.191E+02 6.538E+02 5.616E−02 1.046E+01 8.000E+02 9.600E+03 4.312E+00 2.319E−01 8.144E+02 8.789E+02 7.926E−02 6.131E+02 6.447E+02 5.154E−02 1.179E+01 9.000E+02 1.080E+04 4.188E+00 2.387E−01 8.204E+02 8.781E+02 7.037E−02 6.035E+02 6.336E+02 4.977E−02 1.317E+01 1.000E+03 1.200E+04 4.067E+00 2.459E−01 8.227E+02 8.747E+02 6.323E−02 5.915E+02 6.214E+02 5.061E−02 1.459E+01 1.500E+03 1.800E+04 3.520E+00 2.841E−01 8.031E+02 8.391E+02 4.485E−02 5.324E+02 5.665E+02 6.397E−02 2.242E+01 2.000E+03 2.400E+04 3.080E+00 3.247E−01 7.634E+02 7.958E+02 4.237E−02 4.837E+02 5.227E+02 8.074E−02 3.146E+01 3.000E+03 3.600E+04 2.448E+00 4.085E−01 6.789E+02 7.165E+02 5.531E−02 4.090E+02 4.566E+02 1.163E−01 5.306E+01 4.000E+03 4.800E+04 2.023E+00 4.944E−01 6.058E+02 6.520E+02 7.638E−02 3.550E+02 4.084E+02 1.506E−01 7.929E+01 5.000E+03 6.000E+04 1.719E+00 5.818E−01 5.456E+02 5.998E+02 9.944E−02 3.141E+02 3.714E+02 1.824E−01 1.101E+02 6.000E+03 7.200E+04 1.492E+00 6.704E−01 4.959E+02 5.567E+02 1.226E−01 2.820E+02 3.417E+02 2.119E−01 1.453E+02 7.000E+03 8.400E+04 1.315E+00 7.603E−01 4.544E+02 5.204E+02 1.452E−01 2.561E+02 3.174E+02 2.393E−01 1.850E+02 8.000E+03 9.600E+04 1.175E+00 8.513E−01 4.193E+02 4.894E+02 1.671E−01 2.347E+02 2.969E+02 2.649E−01 2.292E+02 9.000E+03 1.080E+05 1.060E+00 9.434E−01 3.893E+02 4.625E+02 1.880E−01 2.167E+02 2.793E+02 2.888E−01 2.777E+02 1.000E+04 1.200E+05 9.648E−01 1.036E+00 3.633E+02 4.389E+02 2.081E−01 2.014E+02 2.641E+02 3.112E−01 3.306E+02 1.500E+04 1.800E+05 6.605E−01 1.514E+00 2.732E+02 3.540E+02 2.958E−01 1.496E+02 2.102E+02 4.052E−01 6.597E+02 2.000E+04 2.400E+05 4.983E−01 2.007E+00 2.196E+02 3.002E+02 3.668E−01 1.197E+02 1.768E+02 4.770E−01 1.094E+03 3.000E+04 3.600E+05 3.311E−01 3.020E+00 1.590E+02 2.346E+02 4.754E−01 8.650E+01 1.366E+02 5.797E−01 2.267E+03 4.000E+04 4.800E+05 2.463E−01 4.060E+00 1.254E+02 1.952E+02 5.569E−01 6.840E+01 1.129E+02 6.502E−01 3.833E+03 5.000E+04 6.000E+05 1.970E−01 5.077E+00 1.047E+02 1.689E+02 6.123E−01 5.715E+01 9.723E+01 7.012E−01 5.732E+03 6.000E+04 7.200E+05 1.645E−01 6.080E+00 9.056E+01 1.497E+02 6.533E−01 4.938E+01 8.596E+01 7.408E−01 7.956E+03 7.000E+04 8.400E+05 1.415E−01 7.069E+00 8.016E+01 1.351E+02 6.855E−01 4.367E+01 7.740E+01 7.726E−01 1.049E+04 8.000E+04 9.600E+05 1.244E−01 8.042E+00 7.221E+01 1.236E+02 7.109E−01 3.929E+01 7.066E+01 7.985E−01 1.330E+04 9.000E+04 1.080E+06 1.111E−01 8.998E+00 6.593E+01 1.141E+02 7.313E−01 3.582E+01 6.519E+01 8.201E−01 1.639E+04 1.000E+05 1.200E+06 1.006E-01 9.938E+00 6.082E+01 1.063E+02 7.478E−01 3.300E+01 6.065E+01 8.381E−01 1.974E+04 1.500E+05 1.800E+06 6.948E−02 1.439E+01 4.505E+01 8.082E+01 7.938E−01 2.425E+01 4.594E+01 8.947E−01 3.999E+04 2.000E+05 2.400E+06 5.413E−02 1.847E+01 3.682E+01 6.657E+01 8.080E−01 1.967E+01 3.776E+01 9.200E−01 6.523E+04 3.000E+05 3.600E+06 3.892E−02 2.569E+01 2.826E+01 5.084E+01 7.988E−01 1.490E+01 2.873E+01 9.278E−01 1.275E+05 4.000E+05 4.800E+06 3.135E−02 3.190E+01 2.381E+01 4.218E+01 7.716E−01 1.243E+01 2.375E+01 9.104E−01 2.018E+05 5.000E+05 6.000E+06 2.680E−02 3.731E+01 2.106E+01 3.663E+01 7.391E−01 1.092E+01 2.055E+01 8.822E−01 2.851E+05 6.000E+05 7.200E+06 2.376E−02 4.209E+01 1.919E+01 3.274E+01 7.060E−01 9.893E+00 1.830E+01 8.497E−01 3.754E+05 7.000E+05 8.400E+06 2.157E−02 4.635E+01 1.783E+01 2.985E+01 6.739E−01 9.155E+00 1.662E+01 8.160E−01 4.713E+05 8.000E+05 9.600E+06 1.993E−02 5.018E+01 1.680E+01 2.762E+01 6.434E−01 8.600E+00 1.532E+01 7.820E−01 5.716E+05 9.000E+05 1.080E+07 1.864E−02 5.364E+01 1.600E+01 2.583E+01 6.150E−01 8.166E+00 1.429E+01 7.493E−01 6.755E+05 1.000E+06 1.200E+07 1.761E−02 5.680E+01 1.534E+01 2.437E+01 5.883E−01 7.820E+00 1.343E+01 7.177E−01 7.824E+05

NITROGEN IONS: A=13 Z=7 (a) Instantaneous Data

∆M=5.34569 MeV Mc2=1.2115E+04 MeV

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

1.000E−01 1.300E+00 2.146E−07 0.000E+00 1.400E−01 7.141E+00 1.400E+02 1.400E+02 1.419E−02 1.265E+02 1.500E−01 1.950E+00 3.219E−07 0.000E+00 2.046E−01 4.889E+00 1.502E+02 1.502E+02 1.864E−02 1.114E+02 2.000E−01 2.600E+00 4.292E−07 0.000E+00 2.557E−01 3.911E+00 1.553E+02 1.553E+02 2.288E−02 1.022E+02 3.000E−01 3.900E+00 6.438E−07 0.000E+00 3.689E−01 2.710E+00 1.620E+02 1.620E+02 3.104E−02 9.099E+01 4.000E−01 5.200E+00 8.585E−07 0.000E+00 4.575E−01 2.186E+00 1.650E+02 1.650E+02 3.897E−02 8.410E+01 5.000E−01 6.500E+00 1.073E−06 0.000E+00 5.507E−01 1.816E+00 1.670E+02 1.670E+02 4.679E−02 7.930E+01 6.000E−01 7.800E+00 1.288E−06 0.000E+00 6.504E−01 1.538E+00 1.684E+02 1.684E+02 5.453E−02 7.570E+01 7.000E−01 9.100E+00 1.502E−06 0.000E+00 7.240E−01 1.381E+00 1.693E+02 1.693E+02 6.222E−02 7.286E+01 8.000E−01 1.040E+01 1.717E−06 0.000E+00 7.985E−01 1.252E+00 1.700E+02 1.700E+02 6.988E−02 7.055E+01 9.000E−01 1.170E+01 1.932E−06 0.000E+00 8.745E−01 1.144E+00 1.707E+02 1.707E+02 7.750E−02 6.861E+01 1.000E+00 1.300E+01 2.146E−06 0.000E+00 9.522E−01 1.050E+00 1.714E+02 1.714E+02 8.509E−02 6.696E+01

6.124E+01 2.000E+00 2.600E+01 4.292E−06 0.000E+00 1.591E+00 6.287E−01 1.793E+02 1.793E+02 1.592E−01 5.773E+01 3.000E+00 3.900E+01 6.438E−06 0.000E+00 2.142E+00 4.668E−01 1.903E+02 1.903E+02 2.294E−01 5.345E+01 4.000E+00 5.200E+01 8.585E−06 0.000E+00 2.532E+00 3.950E−01 2.003E+02 2.003E+02 2.958E−01 5.083E+01 5.000E+00 6.500E+01 1.073E−05 0.000E+00 2.907E+00 3.440E−01 2.116E+02 2.116E+02 3.584E−01 4.900E+01 6.000E+00 7.800E+01 1.288E−05 0.000E+00 3.272E+00 3.057E−01 2.243E+02 2.243E+02 4.178E−01 4.763E+01 7.000E+00 9.100E+01 1.502E−05 0.000E+00 3.519E+00 2.842E−01 2.339E+02 2.339E+02 4.743E−01 4.655E+01 8.000E+00 1.040E+02 1.717E−05 0.000E+00 3.751E+00 2.666E−01 2.438E+02 2.438E+02 5.283E−01 4.567E+01 9.000E+00 1.170E+02 1.931E−05 0.000E+00 3.970E+00 2.519E−01 2.540E+02 2.540E+02 5.799E−01 4.493E+01 1.000E+01 1.300E+02 2.146E−05 0.000E+00 4.177E+00 2.394E−01 2.644E+02 2.644E+02 6.295E−01 4.430E+01 1.500E+01 1.950E+02 3.219E−05 0.000E+00 4.847E+00 2.063E−01 3.066E+02 3.066E+02 8.532E−01 4.212E+01 2.000E+01 2.600E+02 4.292E−05 0.000E+00 5.320E+00 1.880E−01 3.506E+02 3.506E+02 1.048E+00 4.079E+01 3.000E+01 3.900E+02 6.438E−05 0.000E+00 5.689E+00 1.758E−01 4.135E+02 4.135E+02 1.381E+00 3.916E+01 4.000E+01 5.200E+02 8.584E−05 0.000E+00 5.789E+00 1.727E−01 4.761E+02 4.761E+02 1.668E+00 3.816E+01 5.000E+01 6.500E+02 1.073E−04 0.000E+00 5.732E+00 1.745E−01 5.262E+02 5.180E+02 1.924E+00 3.746E+01 6.000E+01 7.800E+02 1.288E−04 0.000E+00 5.636E+00 1.774E−01 5.613E+02 5.353E+02 2.159E+00 3.694E+01 7.000E+01 9.100E+02 1.502E−04 0.000E+00 5.451E+00 1.835E−01 6.093E+02 5.602E+02 2.378E+00 3.653E+01 8.000E+01 1.040E+03 1.717E−04 0.000E+00 5.297E+00 1.888E−01 6.416E+02 5.776E+02 2.583E+00 3.619E+01 9.000E+01 1.170E+03 1.931E−04 0.000E+00 5.132E+00 1.948E−01 6.727E+02 5.947E+02 2.779E+00 3.591E+01 1.000E+02 1.300E+03 2.146E−04 0.000E+00 4.959E+00 2.016E−01 7.027E+02 6.114E+02 2.962E+00 3.567E+01 1.500E+02 1.950E+03 3.218E−04 0.000E+00 4.765E+00 2.098E−01 8.064E+02 6.700E+02 3.813E+00 3.484E+01 2.000E+02 2.600E+03 4.291E−04 0.000E+00 4.802E+00 2.082E−01 8.897E+02 7.153E+02 4.568E+00 3.434E+01 3.000E+02 3.900E+03 6.435E−04 0.000E+00 4.698E+00 2.128E−01 9.683E+02 7.489E+02 5.949E+00 3.372E+01 4.000E+02 5.200E+03 8.579E−04 0.000E+00 4.429E+00 2.258E−01 9.976E+02 7.401E+02 7.261E+00 3.334E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

4.000E+02 5.200E+03 8.579E−04 0.000E+00 4.429E+00 2.258E−01 9.976E+02 7.401E+02 7.261E+00 3.334E+01 5.000E+02 6.500E+03 1.072E−03 2.235E+04 4.074E+00 2.454E−01 9.774E+02 6.926E+02 8.578E+00 3.307E+01 6.000E+02 7.800E+03 1.286E−03 2.063E+04 3.824E+00 2.615E−01 9.556E+02 6.530E+02 9.931E+00 3.287E+01 7.000E+02 9.100E+03 1.501E−03 1.851E+04 3.493E+00 2.863E−01 9.195E+02 5.938E+02 1.133E+01 3.272E+01 8.000E+02 1.040E+04 1.715E−03 1.720E+04 3.278E+00 3.051E−01 8.920E+02 5.513E+02 1.277E+01 3.259E+01 9.000E+02 1.170E+04 1.929E−03 1.602E+04 3.077E+00 3.250E−01 8.636E+02 5.090E+02 1.426E+01 3.248E+01 1.000E+03 1.300E+04 2.143E−03 1.495E+04 2.890E+00 3.461E−01 8.349E+02 4.670E+02 1.580E+01 3.239E+01 1.500E+03 1.950E+04 3.211E−03 1.163E+04 2.284E+00 4.378E−01 7.267E+02 3.985E+02 2.429E+01 3.207E+01 2.000E+03 2.600E+04 4.279E−03 9.250E+03 1.829E+00 5.467E−01 6.295E+02 3.418E+02 3.407E+01 3.188E+01 3.000E+03 3.900E+04 6.407E−03 6.914E+03 1.370E+00 7.298E−01 5.158E+02 2.776E+02 5.748E+01 3.164E+01 4.000E+03 5.200E+04 8.530E−03 5.326E+03 1.053E+00 9.495E−01 4.263E+02 2.281E+02 8.589E+01 3.150E+01 5.000E+03 6.500E+04 1.064E−02 4.381E+03 8.632E−01 1.158E+00 3.675E+02 1.961E+02 1.192E+02 3.140E+01 6.000E+03 7.800E+04 1.275E−02 3.840E+03 7.543E−01 1.326E+00 3.316E+02 1.767E+02 1.574E+02 3.132E+01 7.000E+03 9.100E+04 1.486E−02 3.226E+03 6.303E−01 1.586E+00 2.886E+02 1.537E+02 2.004E+02 3.126E+01 8.000E+03 1.040E+05 1.695E−02 2.875E+03 5.597E−01 1.787E+00 2.630E+02 1.400E+02 2.482E+02 3.121E+01 9.000E+03 1.170E+05 1.904E−02 2.578E+03 4.999E−01 2.000E+00 2.405E+02 1.280E+02 3.008E+02 3.117E+01 1.000E+04 1.300E+05 2.112E−02 2.323E+03 4.486E−01 2.229E+00 2.207E+02 1.175E+02 3.581E+02 3.114E+01 1.500E+04 1.950E+05 3.143E−02 1.621E+03 3.079E−01 3.248E+00 1.630E+02 8.711E+01 7.147E+02 3.102E+01 2.000E+04 2.600E+05 4.158E−02 1.195E+03 2.230E−01 4.485E+00 1.252E+02 6.735E+01 1.185E+03 3.095E+01 3.000E+04 3.900E+05 6.140E−02 8.332E+02 1.515E−01 6.599E+00 9.098E+01 4.955E+01 2.456E+03 3.086E+01 4.000E+04 5.200E+05 8.062E−02 6.171E+02 1.092E−01 9.157E+00 6.920E+01 3.829E+01 4.153E+03 3.080E+01 5.000E+04 6.500E+05 9.925E−02 4.993E+02 8.919E−02 1.121E+01 5.868E+01 3.189E+01 6.209E+03 3.076E+01 6.000E+04 7.800E+05 1.173E−01 4.354E+02 7.751E−02 1.290E+01 5.223E+01 2.832E+01 8.619E+03 3.073E+01 7.000E+04 9.100E+05 1.349E−01 3.657E+02 6.488E−02 1.541E+01 4.508E+01 2.434E+01 1.136E+04 3.071E+01

3.069E+01 9.000E+04 1.170E+06 1.684E−01 2.954E+02 5.228E−02 1.913E+01 3.771E+01 2.022E+01 1.776E+04 3.068E+01 1.000E+05 1.300E+06 1.844E−01 2.685E+02 4.749E−02 2.106E+01 3.483E+01 1.860E+01 2.139E+04 3.066E+01 1.500E+05 1.950E+06 2.581E−01 1.963E+02 3.469E−02 2.883E+01 2.691E+01 1.415E+01 4.332E+04 3.062E+01 2.000E+05 2.600E+06 3.222E−01 1.535E+02 2.711E−02 3.688E+01 2.203E+01 1.142E+01 7.067E+04 3.059E+01 3.000E+05 3.900E+06 4.277E−01 1.177E+02 2.077E−02 4.815E+01 1.781E+01 9.085E+00 1.381E+05 3.055E+01 4.000E+05 5.200E+06 5.105E−01 9.668E+01 1.699E−02 5.886E+01 1.523E+01 7.686E+00 2.186E+05 3.053E+01 5.000E+05 6.500E+06 5.764E−01 8.537E+01 1.493E−02 6.698E+01 1.382E+01 6.935E+00 3.089E+05 3.052E+01 6.000E+05 7.800E+06 6.299E−01 7.932E+01 1.381E−02 7.241E+01 1.306E+01 6.536E+00 4.067E+05 3.051E+01 7.000E+05 9.100E+06 6.739E−01 7.281E+01 1.259E−02 7.944E+01 1.223E+01 6.116E+00 5.106E+05 3.050E+01 8.000E+05 1.040E+07 7.105E−01 6.929E+01 1.191E−02 8.394E+01 1.178E+01 5.894E+00 6.192E+05 3.049E+01 9.000E+05 1.170E+07 7.412E−01 6.641E+01 1.135E−02 8.809E+01 1.141E+01 5.719E+00 7.318E+05 3.049E+01 1.000E+06 1.300E+07 7.673E−01 6.403E+01 1.088E−02 9.193E+01 1.111E+01 5.578E+00 8.476E+05 3.048E+01

(b) Equilibrium Values

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

1.000E−01 1.300E+00 6.805E−02 1.469E+01 1.084E+02 1.152E+02 6.272E−02 1.084E+02 1.152E+02 6.272E−02 1.419E−02 1.500E−01 1.950E+00 9.751E−02 1.026E+01 1.188E+02 1.257E+02 5.806E−02 1.188E+02 1.257E+02 5.806E−02 1.864E−02 2.000E−01 2.600E+00 1.260E−01 7.937E+00 1.259E+02 1.327E+02 5.334E−02 1.259E+02 1.327E+02 5.334E−02 2.288E−02 3.000E−01 3.900E+00 1.807E−01 5.534E+00 1.355E+02 1.416E+02 4.540E−02 1.355E+02 1.416E+02 4.540E−02 3.104E−02 4.000E−01 5.200E+00 2.330E−01 4.292E+00 1.417E+02 1.472E+02 3.934E−02 1.417E+02 1.472E+02 3.934E−02 3.897E−02 5.000E−01 6.500E+00 2.833E−01 3.530E+00 1.460E+02 1.511E+02 3.465E−02 1.460E+02 1.511E+02 3.465E−02 4.679E−02 6.000E−01 7.800E+00 3.318E−01 3.014E+00 1.493E+02 1.539E+02 3.094E−02 1.493E+02 1.539E+02 3.094E−02 5.453E−02 7.000E−01 9.100E+00 3.788E−01 2.640E+00 1.518E+02 1.560E+02 2.795E−02 1.518E+02 1.560E+02 2.795E−02 6.222E−02 8.000E−01 1.040E+01 4.243E−01 2.357E+00 1.538E+02 1.578E+02 2.550E−02 1.538E+02 1.578E+02 2.550E−02 6.988E−02 9.000E−01 1.170E+01 4.686E−01 2.134E+00 1.555E+02 1.592E+02 2.347E−02 1.555E+02 1.592E+02 2.347E−02 7.750E−02 1.000E+00 1.300E+01 5.116E−01 1.955E+00 1.570E+02 1.604E+02 2.176E−02 1.570E+02 1.604E+02 2.176E−02 8.509E−02 1.500E+00 1.950E+01 7.113E−01 1.406E+00 1.621E+02 1.648E+02 1.627E−02 1.621E+02 1.648E+02 1.627E−02 1.226E−01 2.000E+00 2.600E+01 8.899E−01 1.124E+00 1.657E+02 1.680E+02 1.350E−02 1.657E+02 1.680E+02 1.350E−02 1.592E−01 3.000E+00 3.900E+01 1.200E+00 8.333E−01 1.717E+02 1.737E+02 1.145E−02 1.717E+02 1.737E+02 1.145E−02 2.294E−01 4.000E+00 5.200E+01 1.464E+00 6.830E−01 1.772E+02 1.792E+02 1.166E−02 1.772E+02 1.792E+02 1.166E−02 2.958E−01 5.000E+00 6.500E+01 1.694E+00 5.903E−01 1.825E+02 1.849E+02 1.306E−02 1.825E+02 1.849E+02 1.306E−02 3.584E−01 6.000E+00 7.800E+01 1.898E+00 5.270E−01 1.877E+02 1.905E+02 1.519E−02 1.877E+02 1.905E+02 1.519E−02 4.178E−01 7.000E+00 9.100E+01 2.080E+00 4.808E−01 1.927E+02 1.962E+02 1.779E−02 1.927E+02 1.962E+02 1.779E−02 4.743E−01 8.000E+00 1.040E+02 2.245E+00 4.455E−01 1.977E+02 2.018E+02 2.067E−02 1.977E+02 2.018E+02 2.067E−02 5.283E−01 9.000E+00 1.170E+02 2.395E+00 4.176E−01 2.025E+02 2.073E+02 2.373E−02 2.025E+02 2.073E+02 2.373E−02 5.799E−01 1.000E+01 1.300E+02 2.532E+00 3.949E−01 2.072E+02 2.128E+02 2.688E−02 2.072E+02 2.128E+02 2.688E−02 6.295E−01 1.500E+01 1.950E+02 3.078E+00 3.249E−01 2.291E+02 2.389E+02 4.260E−02 2.291E+02 2.389E+02 4.260E−02 8.532E−01 2.000E+01 2.600E+02 3.465E+00 2.886E−01 2.487E+02 2.628E+02 5.690E−02 2.487E+02 2.628E+02 5.690E−02 1.048E+00 3.000E+01 3.900E+02 3.975E+00 2.516E−01 2.827E+02 3.054E+02 7.996E−02 2.827E+02 3.054E+02 7.996E−02 1.381E+00 4.000E+01 5.200E+02 4.284E+00 2.334E−01 3.121E+02 3.424E+02 9.724E−02 3.121E+02 3.424E+02 9.724E−02 1.668E+00 5.000E+01 6.500E+02 4.482E+00 2.231E−01 3.381E+02 3.754E+02 1.104E−01 3.378E+02 3.749E+02 1.097E−01 1.924E+00 6.000E+01 7.800E+02 4.610E+00 2.169E−01 3.615E+02 4.051E+02 1.205E−01 3.589E+02 4.001E+02 1.149E−01 2.159E+00 7.000E+01 9.100E+02 4.693E+00 2.131E−01 3.830E+02 4.322E+02 1.286E−01 3.767E+02 4.207E+02 1.168E−01 2.378E+00 8.000E+01 1.040E+03 4.745E+00 2.108E−01 4.028E+02 4.572E+02 1.349E−01 3.923E+02 4.383E+02 1.173E−01 2.583E+00 9.000E+01 1.170E+03 4.775E+00 2.094E−01 4.213E+02 4.802E+02 1.400E−01 4.062E+02 4.539E+02 1.172E−01 2.779E+00 1.000E+02 1.300E+03 4.790E+00 2.088E−01 4.382E+02 5.013E+02 1.440E−01 4.187E+02 4.676E+02 1.169E−01 2.962E+00 1.500E+02 1.950E+03 4.782E+00 2.091E−01 5.116E+02 5.907E+02 1.546E−01 4.698E+02 5.232E+02 1.137E−01 3.813E+00 2.000E+02 2.600E+03 4.784E+00 2.090E−01 5.693E+02 6.582E+02 1.561E−01 5.078E+02 5.635E+02 1.095E−01 4.568E+00 3.000E+02 3.900E+03 4.777E+00 2.094E−01 6.557E+02 7.528E+02 1.481E−01 5.615E+02 6.171E+02 9.902E−02 5.949E+00 4.000E+02 5.200E+03 4.734E+00 2.112E−01 7.164E+02 8.124E+02 1.341E−01 5.950E+02 6.466E+02 8.667E−02 7.261E+00

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

4.000E+02 5.200E+03 4.734E+00 2.112E−01 7.164E+02 8.124E+02 1.341E−01 5.950E+02 6.466E+02 8.667E−02 7.261E+00 5.000E+02 6.500E+03 4.655E+00 2.148E−01 7.580E+02 8.474E+02 1.180E−01 6.132E+02 6.585E+02 7.397E−02 8.578E+00 6.000E+02 7.800E+03 4.550E+00 2.198E−01 7.857E+02 8.664E+02 1.028E−01 6.199E+02 6.592E+02 6.331E−02 9.931E+00 7.000E+02 9.100E+03 4.433E+00 2.256E−01 8.036E+02 8.757E+02 8.968E−02 6.191E+02 6.536E+02 5.570E−02 1.133E+01 8.000E+02 1.040E+04 4.310E+00 2.320E−01 8.147E+02 8.789E+02 7.885E−02 6.131E+02 6.445E+02 5.116E−02 1.277E+01 9.000E+02 1.170E+04 4.187E+00 2.388E−01 8.207E+02 8.782E+02 7.003E−02 6.035E+02 6.333E+02 4.945E−02 1.426E+01 1.000E+03 1.300E+04 4.066E+00 2.459E−01 8.229E+02 8.747E+02 6.293E−02 5.914E+02 6.212E+02 5.033E−02 1.580E+01 1.500E+03 1.950E+04 3.518E+00 2.842E−01 8.033E+02 8.391E+02 4.466E−02 5.323E+02 5.663E+02 6.381E−02 2.429E+01 2.000E+03 2.600E+04 3.079E+00 3.248E−01 7.636E+02 7.958E+02 4.220E−02 4.835E+02 5.225E+02 8.066E−02 3.407E+01 3.000E+03 3.900E+04 2.447E+00 4.086E−01 6.790E+02 7.165E+02 5.524E−02 4.088E+02 4.564E+02 1.164E−01 5.748E+01 4.000E+03 5.200E+04 2.022E+00 4.946E−01 6.058E+02 6.521E+02 7.632E−02 3.548E+02 4.082E+02 1.507E−01 8.589E+01 5.000E+03 6.500E+04 1.718E+00 5.820E−01 5.456E+02 5.998E+02 9.939E−02 3.139E+02 3.712E+02 1.826E−01 1.192E+02 6.000E+03 7.800E+04 1.491E+00 6.706E−01 4.959E+02 5.567E+02 1.226E−01 2.818E+02 3.416E+02 2.121E−01 1.574E+02 7.000E+03 9.100E+04 1.315E+00 7.605E−01 4.544E+02 5.204E+02 1.452E−01 2.559E+02 3.172E+02 2.395E−01 2.004E+02 8.000E+03 1.040E+05 1.174E+00 8.516E−01 4.193E+02 4.894E+02 1.671E−01 2.345E+02 2.967E+02 2.651E−01 2.482E+02 9.000E+03 1.170E+05 1.060E+00 9.437E−01 3.893E+02 4.625E+02 1.880E−01 2.166E+02 2.792E+02 2.891E−01 3.008E+02 1.000E+04 1.300E+05 9.645E−01 1.037E+00 3.634E+02 4.390E+02 2.081E−01 2.013E+02 2.639E+02 3.115E−01 3.581E+02 1.500E+04 1.950E+05 6.603E−01 1.514E+00 2.731E+02 3.540E+02 2.959E−01 1.494E+02 2.100E+02 4.055E−01 7.147E+02 2.000E+04 2.600E+05 4.982E−01 2.007E+00 2.196E+02 3.002E+02 3.668E−01 1.196E+02 1.767E+02 4.773E−01 1.185E+03 3.000E+04 3.900E+05 3.310E−01 3.021E+00 1.590E+02 2.346E+02 4.754E−01 8.642E+01 1.366E+02 5.801E−01 2.456E+03 4.000E+04 5.200E+05 2.463E−01 4.061E+00 1.254E+02 1.952E+02 5.568E−01 6.834E+01 1.128E+02 6.505E−01 4.153E+03 5.000E+04 6.500E+05 1.971E−01 5.073E+00 1.049E+02 1.688E+02 6.101E−01 5.710E+01 9.716E+01 7.015E−01 6.209E+03 6.000E+04 7.800E+05 1.646E−01 6.076E+00 9.064E+01 1.497E+02 6.517E−01 4.933E+01 8.590E+01 7.412E−01 8.619E+03 7.000E+04 9.100E+05 1.415E−01 7.065E+00 8.023E+01 1.351E+02 6.840E−01 4.363E+01 7.735E+01 7.728E−01 1.136E+04 8.000E+04 1.040E+06 1.244E−01 8.038E+00 7.227E+01 1.236E+02 7.098E−01 3.925E+01 7.061E+01 7.988E−01 1.441E+04 9.000E+04 1.170E+06 1.112E−01 8.994E+00 6.597E+01 1.142E+02 7.304E−01 3.579E+01 6.514E+01 8.203E−01 1.776E+04 1.000E+05 1.300E+06 1.007E−01 9.934E+00 6.086E+01 1.063E+02 7.470E−01 3.297E+01 6.061E+01 8.383E−01 2.139E+04 1.500E+05 1.950E+06 6.949E−02 1.439E+01 4.507E+01 8.084E+01 7.937E−01 2.423E+01 4.591E+01 8.950E−01 4.332E+04 2.000E+05 2.600E+06 5.414E−02 1.847E+01 3.683E+01 6.659E+01 8.080E−01 1.965E+01 3.773E+01 9.201E−01 7.067E+04 3.000E+05 3.900E+06 3.892E−02 2.569E+01 2.827E+01 5.086E+01 7.992E−01 1.489E+01 2.871E+01 9.280E−01 1.381E+05 4.000E+05 5.200E+06 3.135E−02 3.190E+01 2.381E+01 4.219E+01 7.722E−01 1.242E+01 2.373E+01 9.105E−01 2.186E+05 5.000E+05 6.500E+06 2.680E−02 3.732E+01 2.106E+01 3.664E+01 7.397E−01 1.091E+01 2.053E+01 8.822E−01 3.089E+05 6.000E+05 7.800E+06 2.376E−02 4.209E+01 1.919E+01 3.275E+01 7.062E−01 9.887E+00 1.828E+01 8.493E−01 4.067E+05 7.000E+05 9.100E+06 2.157E−02 4.636E+01 1.783E+01 2.986E+01 6.743E−01 9.149E+00 1.661E+01 8.156E−01 5.106E+05 8.000E+05 1.040E+07 1.993E−02 5.018E+01 1.681E+01 2.762E+01 6.438E−01 8.594E+00 1.531E+01 7.817E−01 6.192E+05 9.000E+05 1.170E+07 1.864E−02 5.364E+01 1.600E+01 2.584E+01 6.151E−01 8.163E+00 1.427E+01 7.486E−01 7.318E+05 1.000E+06 1.300E+07 1.761E−02 5.680E+01 1.534E+01 2.438E+01 5.887E−01 7.816E+00 1.342E+01 7.173E−01 8.476E+05

NITROGEN-14 IONS: A=14 Z=7 (a) Instantaneous Data

∆M=2.86344 MeV Mc2=1.3044E+04 MeV

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

1.000E−01 1.400E+00 2.147E−07 0.000E+00 1.426E−01 7.012E+00 1.443E+02 1.443E+02 1.471E−02 1.265E+02 1.500E−01 2.100E+00 3.220E−07 0.000E+00 1.981E−01 5.048E+00 1.531E+02 1.531E+02 1.938E−02 1.114E+02 2.000E−01 2.800E+00 4.293E−07 0.000E+00 2.602E−01 3.843E+00 1.593E+02 1.593E+02 2.384E−02 1.022E+02 3.000E−01 4.200E+00 6.440E−07 0.000E+00 3.577E−01 2.796E+00 1.649E+02 1.649E+02 3.244E−02 9.099E+01 4.000E−01 5.600E+00 8.586E−07 0.000E+00 4.653E−01 2.149E+00 1.683E+02 1.683E+02 4.082E−02 8.410E+01 5.000E−01 7.000E+00 1.073E−06 0.000E+00 5.600E−01 1.786E+00 1.700E+02 1.700E+02 4.908E−02 7.930E+01 6.000E−01 8.400E+00 1.288E−06 0.000E+00 6.314E−01 1.584E+00 1.709E+02 1.709E+02 5.729E−02 7.570E+01 7.000E−01 9.800E+00 1.503E−06 0.000E+00 7.359E−01 1.359E+00 1.719E+02 1.719E+02 6.545E−02 7.286E+01 8.000E−01 1.120E+01 1.717E−06 0.000E+00 8.115E−01 1.232E+00 1.725E+02 1.725E+02 7.357E−02 7.055E+01

6.861E+01 1.000E+00 1.400E+01 2.147E−06 0.000E+00 9.675E−01 1.034E+00 1.737E+02 1.737E+02 8.974E−02 6.696E+01 1.500E+00 2.100E+01 3.220E−06 0.000E+00 1.284E+00 7.791E−01 1.766E+02 1.766E+02 1.297E−01 6.124E+01 2.000E+00 2.800E+01 4.293E−06 0.000E+00 1.614E+00 6.196E−01 1.811E+02 1.811E+02 1.687E−01 5.773E+01 3.000E+00 4.200E+01 6.440E−06 0.000E+00 2.090E+00 4.784E−01 1.901E+02 1.901E+02 2.439E−01 5.345E+01 4.000E+00 5.600E+01 8.586E−06 0.000E+00 2.565E+00 3.899E−01 2.020E+02 2.020E+02 3.151E−01 5.083E+01 5.000E+00 7.000E+01 1.073E−05 0.000E+00 2.942E+00 3.399E−01 2.134E+02 2.134E+02 3.823E−01 4.900E+01 6.000E+00 8.400E+01 1.288E−05 0.000E+00 3.205E+00 3.120E−01 2.224E+02 2.224E+02 4.461E−01 4.763E+01 7.000E+00 9.800E+01 1.503E−05 0.000E+00 3.557E+00 2.811E−01 2.360E+02 2.360E+02 5.068E−01 4.655E+01 8.000E+00 1.120E+02 1.717E−05 0.000E+00 3.790E+00 2.639E−01 2.460E+02 2.460E+02 5.648E−01 4.567E+01 9.000E+00 1.260E+02 1.932E−05 0.000E+00 4.009E+00 2.495E−01 2.563E+02 2.563E+02 6.203E−01 4.493E+01 1.000E+01 1.400E+02 2.147E−05 0.000E+00 4.215E+00 2.373E−01 2.669E+02 2.669E+02 6.736E−01 4.430E+01 1.500E+01 2.100E+02 3.220E−05 0.000E+00 4.881E+00 2.049E−01 3.095E+02 3.095E+02 9.143E−01 4.212E+01 2.000E+01 2.800E+02 4.293E−05 0.000E+00 5.346E+00 1.871E−01 3.539E+02 3.539E+02 1.123E+00 4.079E+01 3.000E+01 4.200E+02 6.440E−05 0.000E+00 5.701E+00 1.754E−01 4.174E+02 4.174E+02 1.483E+00 3.916E+01 4.000E+01 5.600E+02 8.586E−05 0.000E+00 5.788E+00 1.728E−01 4.805E+02 4.805E+02 1.791E+00 3.816E+01 5.000E+01 7.000E+02 1.073E−04 0.000E+00 5.720E+00 1.748E−01 5.310E+02 5.204E+02 2.068E+00 3.746E+01 6.000E+01 8.400E+02 1.288E−04 0.000E+00 5.619E+00 1.780E−01 5.664E+02 5.379E+02 2.320E+00 3.694E+01 7.000E+01 9.800E+02 1.502E−04 0.000E+00 5.491E+00 1.821E−01 5.999E+02 5.552E+02 2.556E+00 3.653E+01 8.000E+01 1.120E+03 1.717E−04 0.000E+00 5.269E+00 1.898E−01 6.471E+02 5.806E+02 2.777E+00 3.619E+01 9.000E+01 1.260E+03 1.932E−04 0.000E+00 5.100E+00 1.961E−01 6.783E+02 5.978E+02 2.988E+00 3.591E+01 1.000E+02 1.400E+03 2.146E−04 0.000E+00 4.924E+00 2.031E−01 7.084E+02 6.146E+02 3.185E+00 3.567E+01 1.500E+02 2.100E+03 3.219E−04 0.000E+00 4.770E+00 2.096E−01 8.121E+02 6.732E+02 4.101E+00 3.484E+01 2.000E+02 2.800E+03 4.292E−04 0.000E+00 4.801E+00 2.083E−01 8.948E+02 7.179E+02 4.915E+00 3.434E+01 3.000E+02 4.200E+03 6.437E−04 0.000E+00 4.686E+00 2.134E−01 9.716E+02 7.496E+02 6.401E+00 3.372E+01 4.000E+02 5.600E+03 8.581E−04 2.483E+04 4.403E+00 2.271E−01 9.977E+02 7.376E+02 7.814E+00 3.334E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

4.000E+02 5.600E+03 8.581E−04 2.483E+04 4.403E+00 2.271E−01 9.977E+02 7.376E+02 7.814E+00 3.334E+01 5.000E+02 7.000E+03 1.072E−03 2.278E+04 4.135E+00 2.418E−01 9.819E+02 7.015E+02 9.233E+00 3.307E+01 6.000E+02 8.400E+03 1.287E−03 2.039E+04 3.789E+00 2.639E−01 9.521E+02 6.469E+02 1.069E+01 3.287E+01 7.000E+02 9.800E+03 1.501E−03 1.890E+04 3.557E+00 2.811E−01 9.271E+02 6.057E+02 1.219E+01 3.272E+01 8.000E+02 1.120E+04 1.715E−03 1.698E+04 3.242E+00 3.085E−01 8.871E+02 5.439E+02 1.375E+01 3.259E+01 9.000E+02 1.260E+04 1.929E−03 1.581E+04 3.042E+00 3.288E−01 8.584E+02 5.012E+02 1.535E+01 3.248E+01 1.000E+03 1.400E+04 2.143E−03 1.530E+04 2.952E+00 3.387E−01 8.447E+02 4.812E+02 1.701E+01 3.239E+01 1.500E+03 2.100E+04 3.212E−03 1.146E+04 2.252E+00 4.440E−01 7.204E+02 3.947E+02 2.615E+01 3.207E+01 2.000E+03 2.800E+04 4.279E−03 9.506E+03 1.879E+00 5.322E−01 6.409E+02 3.483E+02 3.669E+01 3.188E+01 3.000E+03 4.200E+04 6.409E−03 6.799E+03 1.348E+00 7.421E−01 5.098E+02 2.741E+02 6.189E+01 3.164E+01 4.000E+03 5.600E+04 8.531E−03 5.494E+03 1.087E+00 9.200E−01 4.364E+02 2.336E+02 9.250E+01 3.150E+01 5.000E+03 7.000E+04 1.065E−02 4.524E+03 8.922E−01 1.121E+00 3.767E+02 2.011E+02 1.284E+02 3.140E+01 6.000E+03 8.400E+04 1.276E−02 3.769E+03 7.400E−01 1.351E+00 3.268E+02 1.741E+02 1.695E+02 3.132E+01 7.000E+03 9.800E+04 1.486E−02 3.336E+03 6.527E−01 1.532E+00 2.966E+02 1.579E+02 2.158E+02 3.126E+01 8.000E+03 1.120E+05 1.695E−02 2.975E+03 5.800E−01 1.724E+00 2.704E+02 1.439E+02 2.673E+02 3.121E+01 9.000E+03 1.260E+05 1.904E−02 2.528E+03 4.899E−01 2.041E+00 2.367E+02 1.260E+02 3.240E+02 3.117E+01 1.000E+04 1.400E+05 2.113E−02 2.405E+03 4.652E−01 2.149E+00 2.272E+02 1.209E+02 3.857E+02 3.114E+01 1.500E+04 2.100E+05 3.144E−02 1.589E+03 3.015E−01 3.316E+00 1.602E+02 8.566E+01 7.696E+02 3.102E+01 2.000E+04 2.800E+05 4.159E−02 1.238E+03 2.316E−01 4.318E+00 1.292E+02 6.940E+01 1.276E+03 3.095E+01 3.000E+04 4.200E+05 6.142E−02 8.167E+02 1.483E−01 6.742E+00 8.938E+01 4.871E+01 2.645E+03 3.086E+01 4.000E+04 5.600E+05 8.064E−02 6.388E+02 1.135E−01 8.813E+00 7.146E+01 3.945E+01 4.472E+03 3.080E+01 5.000E+04 7.000E+05 9.927E−02 5.167E+02 9.240E−02 1.082E+01 6.043E+01 3.285E+01 6.687E+03 3.076E+01

3.073E+01 7.000E+04 9.800E+05 1.349E−01 3.780E+02 6.712E−02 1.490E+01 4.636E+01 2.505E+01 1.223E+04 3.071E+01 8.000E+04 1.120E+06 1.519E−01 3.382E+02 5.994E−02 1.668E+01 4.222E+01 2.274E+01 1.552E+04 3.069E+01 9.000E+04 1.260E+06 1.684E−01 3.051E+02 5.402E−02 1.851E+01 3.874E+01 2.079E+01 1.913E+04 3.068E+01 1.000E+05 1.400E+06 1.845E−01 2.772E+02 4.903E−02 2.039E+01 3.577E+01 1.912E+01 2.303E+04 3.066E+01 1.500E+05 2.100E+06 2.581E−01 1.931E+02 3.412E−02 2.931E+01 2.655E+01 1.395E+01 4.665E+04 3.062E+01 2.000E+05 2.800E+06 3.222E−01 1.578E+02 2.788E−02 3.587E+01 2.253E+01 1.170E+01 7.610E+04 3.059E+01 3.000E+05 4.200E+06 4.278E−01 1.161E+02 2.048E−02 4.882E+01 1.761E+01 8.978E+00 1.487E+05 3.055E+01 4.000E+05 5.600E+06 5.105E−01 9.878E+01 1.737E−02 5.757E+01 1.550E+01 7.826E+00 2.354E+05 3.053E+01 5.000E+05 7.000E+06 5.765E−01 8.702E+01 1.523E−02 6.564E+01 1.403E+01 7.045E+00 3.326E+05 3.052E+01 6.000E+05 8.400E+06 6.300E−01 7.854E+01 1.367E−02 7.317E+01 1.296E+01 6.486E+00 4.380E+05 3.051E+01 7.000E+05 9.800E+06 6.740E−01 7.395E+01 1.281E−02 7.809E+01 1.237E+01 6.189E+00 5.498E+05 3.050E+01 8.000E+05 1.120E+07 7.105E−01 7.028E+01 1.211E−02 8.261E+01 1.191E+01 5.956E+00 6.668E+05 3.049E+01 9.000E+05 1.260E+07 7.413E−01 6.728E+01 1.152E−02 8.678E+01 1.152E+01 5.771E+00 7.881E+05 3.049E+01 1.000E+06 1.400E+07 7.674E−01 6.479E+01 1.103E−02 9.066E+01 1.120E+01 5.622E+00 9.128E+05 3.048E+01

(b) Equilibrium Values

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

1.000E−01 1.400E+00 6.786E−02 1.474E+01 1.113E+02 1.184E+02 6.349E−02 1.113E+02 1.184E+02 6.349E−02 1.471E−02 1.500E−01 2.100E+00 9.738E−02 1.027E+01 1.219E+02 1.290E+02 5.832E−02 1.219E+02 1.290E+02 5.832E−02 1.938E−02 2.000E−01 2.800E+00 1.259E−01 7.941E+00 1.292E+02 1.361E+02 5.328E−02 1.292E+02 1.361E+02 5.328E−02 2.384E−02 3.000E−01 4.200E+00 1.808E−01 5.532E+00 1.388E+02 1.451E+02 4.498E−02 1.388E+02 1.451E+02 4.498E−02 3.244E−02 4.000E−01 5.600E+00 2.332E−01 4.288E+00 1.450E+02 1.506E+02 3.872E−02 1.450E+02 1.506E+02 3.872E−02 4.082E−02 5.000E−01 7.000E+00 2.837E−01 3.525E+00 1.493E+02 1.544E+02 3.392E−02 1.493E+02 1.544E+02 3.392E−02 4.908E−02 6.000E−01 8.400E+00 3.324E−01 3.009E+00 1.525E+02 1.571E+02 3.015E−02 1.525E+02 1.571E+02 3.015E−02 5.729E−02 7.000E−01 9.800E+00 3.795E−01 2.635E+00 1.550E+02 1.592E+02 2.712E−02 1.550E+02 1.592E+02 2.712E−02 6.545E−02 8.000E−01 1.120E+01 4.252E−01 2.352E+00 1.569E+02 1.608E+02 2.466E−02 1.569E+02 1.608E+02 2.466E−02 7.357E−02 9.000E−01 1.260E+01 4.696E−01 2.129E+00 1.586E+02 1.622E+02 2.261E−02 1.586E+02 1.622E+02 2.261E−02 8.167E−02 1.000E+00 1.400E+01 5.128E−01 1.950E+00 1.599E+02 1.633E+02 2.090E−02 1.599E+02 1.633E+02 2.090E−02 8.974E−02 1.500E+00 2.100E+01 7.133E−01 1.402E+00 1.648E+02 1.673E+02 1.540E−02 1.648E+02 1.673E+02 1.540E−02 1.297E−01 2.000E+00 2.800E+01 8.924E−01 1.121E+00 1.681E+02 1.703E+02 1.263E−02 1.681E+02 1.703E+02 1.263E−02 1.687E−01 3.000E+00 4.200E+01 1.204E+00 8.308E−01 1.737E+02 1.756E+02 1.053E−02 1.737E+02 1.756E+02 1.053E−02 2.439E−01 4.000E+00 5.600E+01 1.468E+00 6.811E−01 1.790E+02 1.809E+02 1.064E−02 1.790E+02 1.809E+02 1.064E−02 3.151E−01 5.000E+00 7.000E+01 1.699E+00 5.886E−01 1.841E+02 1.863E+02 1.195E−02 1.841E+02 1.863E+02 1.195E−02 3.823E−01 6.000E+00 8.400E+01 1.903E+00 5.255E−01 1.892E+02 1.918E+02 1.400E−02 1.892E+02 1.918E+02 1.400E−02 4.461E−01 7.000E+00 9.800E+01 2.085E+00 4.795E−01 1.942E+02 1.974E+02 1.650E−02 1.942E+02 1.974E+02 1.650E−02 5.068E−01 8.000E+00 1.120E+02 2.250E+00 4.444E−01 1.990E+02 2.029E+02 1.931E−02 1.990E+02 2.029E+02 1.931E−02 5.648E−01 9.000E+00 1.260E+02 2.401E+00 4.166E−01 2.038E+02 2.084E+02 2.230E−02 2.038E+02 2.084E+02 2.230E−02 6.203E−01 1.000E+01 1.400E+02 2.538E+00 3.940E−01 2.085E+02 2.138E+02 2.540E−02 2.085E+02 2.138E+02 2.540E−02 6.736E−01 1.500E+01 2.100E+02 3.084E+00 3.243E−01 2.302E+02 2.396E+02 4.100E−02 2.302E+02 2.396E+02 4.100E−02 9.143E−01 2.000E+01 2.800E+02 3.472E+00 2.880E−01 2.496E+02 2.634E+02 5.520E−02 2.496E+02 2.634E+02 5.520E−02 1.123E+00 3.000E+01 4.200E+02 3.981E+00 2.512E−01 2.836E+02 3.058E+02 7.829E−02 2.836E+02 3.058E+02 7.829E−02 1.483E+00 4.000E+01 5.600E+02 4.290E+00 2.331E−01 3.129E+02 3.428E+02 9.559E−02 3.129E+02 3.428E+02 9.559E−02 1.791E+00 5.000E+01 7.000E+02 4.487E+00 2.229E−01 3.388E+02 3.757E+02 1.088E−01 3.385E+02 3.751E+02 1.081E−01 2.068E+00 6.000E+01 8.400E+02 4.615E+00 2.167E−01 3.623E+02 4.054E+02 1.191E−01 3.596E+02 4.004E+02 1.134E−01 2.320E+00 7.000E+01 9.800E+02 4.697E+00 2.129E−01 3.837E+02 4.325E+02 1.271E−01 3.774E+02 4.209E+02 1.153E−01 2.556E+00 8.000E+01 1.120E+03 4.749E+00 2.106E−01 4.035E+02 4.574E+02 1.335E−01 3.929E+02 4.385E+02 1.159E−01 2.777E+00 9.000E+01 1.260E+03 4.779E+00 2.092E−01 4.219E+02 4.804E+02 1.386E−01 4.068E+02 4.540E+02 1.159E−01 2.988E+00 1.000E+02 1.400E+03 4.793E+00 2.086E−01 4.388E+02 5.015E+02 1.427E−01 4.193E+02 4.677E+02 1.157E−01 3.185E+00 1.500E+02 2.100E+03 4.786E+00 2.090E−01 5.122E+02 5.909E+02 1.535E−01 4.704E+02 5.234E+02 1.127E−01 4.101E+00 2.000E+02 2.800E+03 4.787E+00 2.089E−01 5.699E+02 6.583E+02 1.552E−01 5.083E+02 5.636E+02 1.087E−01 4.915E+00 3.000E+02 4.200E+03 4.779E+00 2.093E−01 6.562E+02 7.529E+02 1.473E−01 5.619E+02 6.171E+02 9.834E−02 6.401E+00 4.000E+02 5.600E+03 4.736E+00 2.111E−01 7.168E+02 8.125E+02 1.335E−01 5.954E+02 6.467E+02 8.611E−02 7.814E+00

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

4.000E+02 5.600E+03 4.736E+00 2.111E−01 7.168E+02 8.125E+02 1.335E−01 5.954E+02 6.467E+02 8.611E−02 7.814E+00 5.000E+02 7.000E+03 4.656E+00 2.148E−01 7.583E+02 8.474E+02 1.175E−01 6.134E+02 6.585E+02 7.348E−02 9.233E+00 6.000E+02 8.400E+03 4.551E+00 2.197E−01 7.859E+02 8.663E+02 1.023E−01 6.201E+02 6.591E+02 6.291E−02 1.069E+01 7.000E+02 9.800E+03 4.433E+00 2.256E−01 8.039E+02 8.757E+02 8.927E−02 6.193E+02 6.535E+02 5.533E−02 1.219E+01 8.000E+02 1.120E+04 4.312E+00 2.319E−01 8.152E+02 8.790E+02 7.818E−02 6.134E+02 6.444E+02 5.051E−02 1.375E+01 9.000E+02 1.260E+04 4.188E+00 2.388E−01 8.210E+02 8.782E+02 6.971E−02 6.036E+02 6.333E+02 4.914E−02 1.535E+01 1.000E+03 1.400E+04 4.066E+00 2.460E−01 8.230E+02 8.747E+02 6.288E−02 5.914E+02 6.211E+02 5.028E−02 1.701E+01 1.500E+03 2.100E+04 3.519E+00 2.842E−01 8.034E+02 8.391E+02 4.449E−02 5.324E+02 5.663E+02 6.360E−02 2.615E+01 2.000E+03 2.800E+04 3.079E+00 3.248E−01 7.635E+02 7.958E+02 4.219E−02 4.835E+02 5.225E+02 8.064E−02 3.669E+01 3.000E+03 4.200E+04 2.447E+00 4.087E−01 6.790E+02 7.165E+02 5.519E−02 4.088E+02 4.564E+02 1.164E−01 6.189E+01 4.000E+03 5.600E+04 2.022E+00 4.946E−01 6.059E+02 6.521E+02 7.624E−02 3.548E+02 4.082E+02 1.507E−01 9.250E+01 5.000E+03 7.000E+04 1.718E+00 5.820E−01 5.456E+02 5.998E+02 9.933E−02 3.138E+02 3.711E+02 1.826E−01 1.284E+02 6.000E+03 8.400E+04 1.491E+00 6.706E−01 4.959E+02 5.567E+02 1.225E−01 2.818E+02 3.416E+02 2.122E−01 1.695E+02 7.000E+03 9.800E+04 1.315E+00 7.606E−01 4.544E+02 5.204E+02 1.452E−01 2.559E+02 3.172E+02 2.396E−01 2.158E+02 8.000E+03 1.120E+05 1.174E+00 8.516E−01 4.193E+02 4.893E+02 1.670E−01 2.345E+02 2.967E+02 2.651E−01 2.673E+02 9.000E+03 1.260E+05 1.060E+00 9.437E−01 3.893E+02 4.625E+02 1.879E−01 2.165E+02 2.791E+02 2.891E−01 3.240E+02 1.000E+04 1.400E+05 9.645E−01 1.037E+00 3.634E+02 4.389E+02 2.080E−01 2.012E+02 2.639E+02 3.115E−01 3.857E+02 1.500E+04 2.100E+05 6.602E−01 1.515E+00 2.732E+02 3.540E+02 2.959E−01 1.494E+02 2.100E+02 4.056E−01 7.696E+02 2.000E+04 2.800E+05 4.982E−01 2.007E+00 2.196E+02 3.002E+02 3.668E−01 1.196E+02 1.766E+02 4.774E−01 1.276E+03 3.000E+04 4.200E+05 3.310E−01 3.021E+00 1.590E+02 2.346E+02 4.754E−01 8.640E+01 1.365E+02 5.802E−01 2.645E+03 4.000E+04 5.600E+05 2.463E−01 4.061E+00 1.254E+02 1.952E+02 5.568E−01 6.833E+01 1.128E+02 6.506E−01 4.472E+03 5.000E+04 7.000E+05 1.970E−01 5.075E+00 1.048E+02 1.688E+02 6.111E−01 5.710E+01 9.715E+01 7.016E−01 6.687E+03 6.000E+04 8.400E+05 1.645E−01 6.079E+00 9.060E+01 1.497E+02 6.524E−01 4.933E+01 8.589E+01 7.412E−01 9.282E+03 7.000E+04 9.800E+05 1.415E−01 7.067E+00 8.020E+01 1.351E+02 6.847E−01 4.362E+01 7.734E+01 7.730E−01 1.223E+04 8.000E+04 1.120E+06 1.244E−01 8.041E+00 7.224E+01 1.236E+02 7.102E−01 3.925E+01 7.060E+01 7.988E−01 1.552E+04 9.000E+04 1.260E+06 1.111E−01 8.997E+00 6.595E+01 1.141E+02 7.307E−01 3.578E+01 6.513E+01 8.203E−01 1.913E+04 1.000E+05 1.400E+06 1.006E−01 9.937E+00 6.085E+01 1.063E+02 7.474E−01 3.296E+01 6.060E+01 8.384E−01 2.303E+04 1.500E+05 2.100E+06 6.948E−02 1.439E+01 4.506E+01 8.083E+01 7.938E−01 2.422E+01 4.590E+01 8.951E−01 4.665E+04 2.000E+05 2.800E+06 5.413E−02 1.847E+01 3.683E+01 6.658E+01 8.079E−01 1.965E+01 3.772E+01 9.201E−01 7.610E+04 3.000E+05 4.200E+06 3.892E−02 2.570E+01 2.826E+01 5.085E+01 7.991E−01 1.489E+01 2.870E+01 9.280E−01 1.487E+05 4.000E+05 5.600E+06 3.134E−02 3.190E+01 2.381E+01 4.218E+01 7.719E−01 1.242E+01 2.373E+01 9.103E−01 2.354E+05 5.000E+05 7.000E+06 2.680E−02 3.732E+01 2.106E+01 3.663E+01 7.394E−01 1.091E+01 2.053E+01 8.820E−01 3.326E+05 6.000E+05 8.400E+06 2.375E−02 4.210E+01 1.919E+01 3.274E+01 7.062E−01 9.885E+00 1.828E+01 8.494E−01 4.380E+05 7.000E+05 9.800E+06 2.157E−02 4.636E+01 1.783E+01 2.986E+01 6.741E−01 9.149E+00 1.661E+01 8.155E−01 5.498E+05 8.000E+05 1.120E+07 1.993E−02 5.018E+01 1.681E+01 2.762E+01 6.435E−01 8.594E+00 1.531E+01 7.815E−01 6.668E+05 9.000E+05 1.260E+07 1.864E−02 5.365E+01 1.600E+01 2.584E+01 6.151E−01 8.161E+00 1.427E+01 7.488E−01 7.881E+05 1.000E+06 1.400E+07 1.760E−02 5.681E+01 1.534E+01 2.437E+01 5.886E−01 7.816E+00 1.342E+01 7.172E−01 9.128E+05

NITROGEN-15 IONS: A=15 Z=7 (a) Instantaneous Data

∆M=0.10151 MeV Mc2=1.3973E+04 MeV

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W

1.000E−01 1.500E+00 2.147E−07 0.000E+00 1.383E−01 7.228E+00 1.469E+02 1.469E+02 1.522E−02 1.265E+02 1.500E−01 2.250E+00 3.221E−07 0.000E+00 2.021E−01 4.947E+00 1.570E+02 1.570E+02 2.012E−02 1.114E+02 2.000E−01 3.000E+00 4.294E−07 0.000E+00 2.527E−01 3.958E+00 1.620E+02 1.620E+02 2.479E−02 1.022E+02 3.000E−01 4.500E+00 6.441E−07 0.000E+00 3.647E−01 2.742E+00 1.683E+02 1.683E+02 3.383E−02 9.099E+01 4.000E−01 6.000E+00 8.588E−07 0.000E+00 4.523E−01 2.211E+00 1.709E+02 1.709E+02 4.265E−02 8.410E+01 5.000E−01 7.500E+00 1.074E−06 0.000E+00 5.446E−01 1.836E+00 1.725E+02 1.725E+02 5.136E−02 7.930E+01 6.000E−01 9.000E+00 1.288E−06 0.000E+00 6.433E−01 1.555E+00 1.735E+02 1.735E+02 6.002E−02 7.570E+01 7.000E−01 1.050E+01 1.503E−06 0.000E+00 7.161E−01 1.396E+00 1.741E+02 1.741E+02 6.865E−02 7.286E+01 8.000E−01 1.200E+01 1.718E−06 0.000E+00 7.899E−01 1.266E+00 1.746E+02 1.746E+02 7.724E−02 7.055E+01

6.861E+01 1.000E+00 1.500E+01 2.147E−06 0.000E+00 9.422E−01 1.061E+00 1.755E+02 1.755E+02 9.436E−02 6.696E+01 1.500E+00 2.250E+01 3.221E−06 0.000E+00 1.306E+00 7.659E−01 1.784E+02 1.784E+02 1.367E−01 6.124E+01 2.000E+00 3.000E+01 4.294E−06 0.000E+00 1.575E+00 6.349E−01 1.818E+02 1.818E+02 1.783E−01 5.773E+01 3.000E+00 4.500E+01 6.441E−06 0.000E+00 2.123E+00 4.711E−01 1.917E+02 1.917E+02 2.584E−01 5.345E+01 4.000E+00 6.000E+01 8.588E−06 0.000E+00 2.510E+00 3.984E−01 2.012E+02 2.012E+02 3.343E−01 5.083E+01 5.000E+00 7.500E+01 1.074E−05 0.000E+00 2.883E+00 3.468E−01 2.121E+02 2.121E+02 4.061E−01 4.900E+01 6.000E+00 9.000E+01 1.288E−05 0.000E+00 3.247E+00 3.080E-01 2.245E+02 2.245E+02 4.743E−01 4.763E+01 7.000E+00 1.050E+02 1.503E−05 0.000E+00 3.493E+00 2.863E−01 2.339E+02 2.339E+02 5.392E−01 4.655E+01 8.000E+00 1.200E+02 1.718E−05 0.000E+00 3.725E+00 2.685E−01 2.435E+02 2.435E+02 6.012E−01 4.567E+01 9.000E+00 1.350E+02 1.932E−05 0.000E+00 3.944E+00 2.536E−01 2.535E+02 2.535E+02 6.606E−01 4.493E+01 1.000E+01 1.500E+02 2.147E−05 0.000E+00 4.151E+00 2.409E−01 2.638E+02 2.638E+02 7.177E−01 4.430E+01 1.500E+01 2.250E+02 3.221E−05 0.000E+00 4.919E+00 2.033E−01 3.127E+02 3.127E+02 9.753E−01 4.212E+01 2.000E+01 3.000E+02 4.294E−05 0.000E+00 5.301E+00 1.886E−01 3.488E+02 3.488E+02 1.199E+00 4.079E+01 3.000E+01 4.500E+02 6.441E−05 0.000E+00 5.714E+00 1.750E−01 4.218E+02 4.218E+02 1.584E+00 3.916E+01 4.000E+01 6.000E+02 8.588E−05 0.000E+00 5.788E+00 1.728E−01 4.733E+02 4.733E+02 1.915E+00 3.816E+01 5.000E+01 7.500E+02 1.073E−04 0.000E+00 5.737E+00 1.743E−01 5.232E+02 5.166E+02 2.211E+00 3.746E+01 6.000E+01 9.000E+02 1.288E−04 0.000E+00 5.598E+00 1.786E−01 5.722E+02 5.408E+02 2.481E+00 3.694E+01 7.000E+01 1.050E+03 1.503E−04 0.000E+00 5.465E+00 1.830E−01 6.059E+02 5.584E+02 2.733E+00 3.653E+01 8.000E+01 1.200E+03 1.717E−04 0.000E+00 5.314E+00 1.882E−01 6.381E+02 5.756E+02 2.971E+00 3.619E+01 9.000E+01 1.350E+03 1.932E−04 0.000E+00 5.151E+00 1.941E−01 6.691E+02 5.926E+02 3.196E+00 3.591E+01 1.000E+02 1.500E+03 2.147E−04 0.000E+00 4.980E+00 2.008E−01 6.990E+02 6.093E+02 3.412E+00 3.567E+01 1.500E+02 2.250E+03 3.220E−04 0.000E+00 4.775E+00 2.094E−01 8.184E+02 6.767E+02 4.389E+00 3.484E+01 2.000E+02 3.000E+03 4.293E−04 0.000E+00 4.802E+00 2.082E−01 8.863E+02 7.135E+02 5.261E+00 3.434E+01 3.000E+02 4.500E+03 6.438E−04 0.000E+00 4.672E+00 2.141E−01 9.750E+02 7.502E+02 6.854E+00 3.372E+01 4.000E+02 6.000E+03 8.583E−04 0.000E+00 4.444E+00 2.250E−01 9.974E+02 7.414E+02 8.367E+00 3.334E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

4.000E+02 6.000E+03 8.583E−04 0.000E+00 4.444E+00 2.250E−01 9.974E+02 7.414E+02 8.367E+00 3.334E+01 5.000E+02 7.500E+03 1.073E−03 2.250E+04 4.097E+00 2.441E−01 9.791E+02 6.959E+02 9.888E+00 3.307E+01 6.000E+02 9.000E+03 1.287E−03 2.013E+04 3.749E+00 2.667E−01 9.481E+02 6.401E+02 1.144E+01 3.287E+01 7.000E+02 1.050E+04 1.501E−03 1.865E+04 3.517E+00 2.844E−01 9.223E+02 5.981E+02 1.306E+01 3.272E+01 8.000E+02 1.200E+04 1.715E−03 1.733E+04 3.301E+00 3.029E−01 8.952E+02 5.560E+02 1.472E+01 3.259E+01 9.000E+02 1.350E+04 1.930E−03 1.615E+04 3.100E+00 3.225E−01 8.671E+02 5.140E+02 1.645E+01 3.248E+01 1.000E+03 1.500E+04 2.144E−03 1.507E+04 2.913E+00 3.433E−01 8.386E+02 4.722E+02 1.822E+01 3.239E+01 1.500E+03 2.250E+04 3.213E−03 1.127E+04 2.217E+00 4.510E−01 7.134E+02 3.904E+02 2.801E+01 3.207E+01 2.000E+03 3.000E+04 4.280E−03 9.341E+03 1.847E+00 5.413E−01 6.337E+02 3.441E+02 3.930E+01 3.188E+01 3.000E+03 4.500E+04 6.410E−03 6.671E+03 1.322E+00 7.562E−01 5.030E+02 2.703E+02 6.631E+01 3.164E+01 4.000E+03 6.000E+04 8.533E−03 5.386E+03 1.066E+00 9.385E−01 4.300E+02 2.301E+02 9.910E+01 3.150E+01 5.000E+03 7.500E+04 1.065E−02 4.432E+03 8.738E−01 1.144E+00 3.709E+02 1.979E+02 1.376E+02 3.140E+01 6.000E+03 9.000E+04 1.276E−02 3.690E+03 7.243E−01 1.381E+00 3.214E+02 1.712E+02 1.816E+02 3.132E+01 7.000E+03 1.050E+05 1.486E−02 3.265E+03 6.386E−01 1.566E+00 2.916E+02 1.552E+02 2.313E+02 3.126E+01 8.000E+03 1.200E+05 1.696E−02 2.911E+03 5.672E−01 1.763E+00 2.657E+02 1.414E+02 2.864E+02 3.121E+01 9.000E+03 1.350E+05 1.905E−02 2.611E+03 5.066E−01 1.974E+00 2.431E+02 1.294E+02 3.471E+02 3.117E+01 1.000E+04 1.500E+05 2.113E−02 2.352E+03 4.547E−01 2.199E+00 2.231E+02 1.187E+02 4.132E+02 3.114E+01 1.500E+04 2.250E+05 3.144E−02 1.553E+03 2.945E−01 3.396E+00 1.572E+02 8.405E+01 8.246E+02 3.102E+01 2.000E+04 3.000E+05 4.160E−02 1.210E+03 2.261E−01 4.422E+00 1.267E+02 6.808E+01 1.367E+03 3.095E+01 3.000E+04 4.500E+05 6.143E−02 7.987E+02 1.448E−01 6.906E+00 8.761E+01 4.779E+01 2.834E+03 3.086E+01 4.000E+04 6.000E+05 8.065E−02 6.249E+02 1.108E−01 9.028E+00 7.004E+01 3.870E+01 4.791E+03 3.080E+01 5.000E+04 7.500E+05 9.929E−02 5.055E+02 9.037E−02 1.107E+01 5.932E+01 3.223E+01 7.164E+03 3.076E+01

3.073E+01 7.000E+04 1.050E+06 1.349E−01 3.701E+02 6.570E−02 1.522E+01 4.556E+01 2.460E+01 1.311E+04 3.071E+01 8.000E+04 1.200E+06 1.519E−01 3.312E+02 5.870E−02 1.704E+01 4.150E+01 2.233E+01 1.663E+04 3.069E+01 9.000E+04 1.350E+06 1.684E−01 2.989E+02 5.292E−02 1.890E+01 3.809E+01 2.042E+01 2.049E+04 3.068E+01 1.000E+05 1.500E+06 1.845E−01 2.716E+02 4.805E−02 2.081E+01 3.518E+01 1.879E+01 2.468E+04 3.066E+01 1.500E+05 2.250E+06 2.582E−01 1.985E+02 3.507E−02 2.851E+01 2.716E+01 1.429E+01 4.998E+04 3.062E+01 2.000E+05 3.000E+06 3.223E−01 1.550E+02 2.739E−02 3.650E+01 2.222E+01 1.152E+01 8.154E+04 3.059E+01 3.000E+05 4.500E+06 4.279E−01 1.188E+02 2.096E−02 4.771E+01 1.794E+01 9.155E+00 1.593E+05 3.055E+01 4.000E+05 6.000E+06 5.106E−01 9.743E+01 1.713E−02 5.838E+01 1.533E+01 7.737E+00 2.522E+05 3.053E+01 5.000E+05 7.500E+06 5.766E−01 8.596E+01 1.504E−02 6.648E+01 1.390E+01 6.974E+00 3.564E+05 3.052E+01 6.000E+05 9.000E+06 6.301E−01 7.982E+01 1.391E−02 7.191E+01 1.312E+01 6.569E+00 4.693E+05 3.051E+01 7.000E+05 1.050E+07 6.740E−01 7.322E+01 1.267E−02 7.894E+01 1.228E+01 6.142E+00 5.891E+05 3.050E+01 8.000E+05 1.200E+07 7.106E−01 6.964E+01 1.198E−02 8.345E+01 1.183E+01 5.916E+00 7.145E+05 3.049E+01 9.000E+05 1.350E+07 7.413E−01 6.672E+01 1.141E−02 8.761E+01 1.145E+01 5.737E+00 8.444E+05 3.049E+01 1.000E+06 1.500E+07 7.674E−01 6.430E+01 1.093E−02 9.146E+01 1.114E+01 5.594E+00 9.780E+05 3.048E+01

(b) Equilibrium Values

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

1.000E−01 1.500E+00 6.770E−02 1.477E+01 1.141E+02 1.214E+02 6.418E−02 1.141E+02 1.214E+02 6.418E−02 1.522E−02 1.500E−01 2.250E+00 9.727E−02 1.028E+01 1.249E+02 1.322E+02 5.853E−02 1.249E+02 1.322E+02 5.853E−02 2.012E−02 2.000E−01 3.000E+00 1.259E−01 7.944E+00 1.322E+02 1.393E+02 5.321E−02 1.322E+02 1.393E+02 5.321E−02 2.479E−02 3.000E−01 4.500E+00 1.809E−01 5.529E+00 1.419E+02 1.483E+02 4.458E−02 1.419E+02 1.483E+02 4.458E−02 3.383E−02 4.000E−01 6.000E+00 2.335E−01 4.283E+00 1.481E+02 1.538E+02 3.816E−02 1.481E+02 1.538E+02 3.816E−02 4.265E−02 5.000E−01 7.500E+00 2.841E−01 3.520E+00 1.524E+02 1.574E+02 3.326E−02 1.524E+02 1.574E+02 3.326E−02 5.136E−02 6.000E−01 9.000E+00 3.329E−01 3.004E+00 1.555E+02 1.601E+02 2.944E−02 1.555E+02 1.601E+02 2.944E−02 6.002E−02 7.000E−01 1.050E+01 3.802E−01 2.630E+00 1.579E+02 1.621E+02 2.638E−02 1.579E+02 1.621E+02 2.638E−02 6.865E−02 8.000E−01 1.200E+01 4.260E−01 2.347E+00 1.598E+02 1.636E+02 2.390E−02 1.598E+02 1.636E+02 2.390E−02 7.724E−02 9.000E−01 1.350E+01 4.706E−01 2.125E+00 1.614E+02 1.649E+02 2.185E−02 1.614E+02 1.649E+02 2.185E−02 8.581E−02 1.000E+00 1.500E+01 5.140E−01 1.946E+00 1.627E+02 1.659E+02 2.013E−02 1.627E+02 1.659E+02 2.013E−02 9.436E−02 1.500E+00 2.250E+01 7.150E−01 1.399E+00 1.672E+02 1.696E+02 1.465E−02 1.672E+02 1.696E+02 1.465E−02 1.367E−01 2.000E+00 3.000E+01 8.947E−01 1.118E+00 1.703E+02 1.723E+02 1.188E−02 1.703E+02 1.723E+02 1.188E−02 1.783E−01 3.000E+00 4.500E+01 1.207E+00 8.287E−01 1.756E+02 1.773E+02 9.737E−03 1.756E+02 1.773E+02 9.737E−03 2.584E−01 4.000E+00 6.000E+01 1.472E+00 6.793E−01 1.806E+02 1.824E+02 9.776E−03 1.806E+02 1.824E+02 9.776E−03 3.343E−01 5.000E+00 7.500E+01 1.703E+00 5.872E−01 1.856E+02 1.877E+02 1.100E−02 1.856E+02 1.877E+02 1.100E−02 4.061E−01 6.000E+00 9.000E+01 1.907E+00 5.243E−01 1.906E+02 1.930E+02 1.296E−02 1.906E+02 1.930E+02 1.296E−02 4.743E−01 7.000E+00 1.050E+02 2.090E+00 4.784E−01 1.955E+02 1.985E+02 1.540E−02 1.955E+02 1.985E+02 1.540E−02 5.392E−01 8.000E+00 1.200E+02 2.255E+00 4.434E−01 2.003E+02 2.039E+02 1.814E−02 2.003E+02 2.039E+02 1.814E−02 6.012E−01 9.000E+00 1.350E+02 2.406E+00 4.157E−01 2.050E+02 2.093E+02 2.107E−02 2.050E+02 2.093E+02 2.107E−02 6.606E−01 1.000E+01 1.500E+02 2.543E+00 3.932E−01 2.096E+02 2.146E+02 2.413E−02 2.096E+02 2.146E+02 2.413E−02 7.177E−01 1.500E+01 2.250E+02 3.090E+00 3.237E−01 2.311E+02 2.403E+02 3.956E−02 2.311E+02 2.403E+02 3.956E−02 9.753E−01 2.000E+01 3.000E+02 3.477E+00 2.876E−01 2.505E+02 2.640E+02 5.373E−02 2.505E+02 2.640E+02 5.373E−02 1.199E+00 3.000E+01 4.500E+02 3.986E+00 2.508E−01 2.844E+02 3.062E+02 7.677E−02 2.844E+02 3.062E+02 7.677E−02 1.584E+00 4.000E+01 6.000E+02 4.295E+00 2.328E−01 3.136E+02 3.431E+02 9.414E−02 3.136E+02 3.431E+02 9.414E−02 1.915E+00 5.000E+01 7.500E+02 4.491E+00 2.226E−01 3.395E+02 3.760E+02 1.074E−01 3.392E+02 3.754E+02 1.066E−01 2.211E+00 6.000E+01 9.000E+02 4.619E+00 2.165E−01 3.629E+02 4.056E+02 1.177E−01 3.602E+02 4.005E+02 1.120E−01 2.481E+00 7.000E+01 1.050E+03 4.701E+00 2.127E−01 3.843E+02 4.327E+02 1.258E−01 3.780E+02 4.211E+02 1.140E−01 2.733E+00 8.000E+01 1.200E+03 4.753E+00 2.104E−01 4.041E+02 4.576E+02 1.323E−01 3.935E+02 4.386E+02 1.147E−01 2.971E+00 9.000E+01 1.350E+03 4.782E+00 2.091E−01 4.225E+02 4.806E+02 1.375E−01 4.074E+02 4.542E+02 1.148E−01 3.196E+00 1.000E+02 1.500E+03 4.796E+00 2.085E−01 4.398E+02 5.021E+02 1.417E−01 4.200E+02 4.682E+02 1.146E−01 3.412E+00 1.500E+02 2.250E+03 4.788E+00 2.089E−01 5.128E+02 5.910E+02 1.525E−01 4.708E+02 5.234E+02 1.118E−01 4.389E+00 2.000E+02 3.000E+03 4.789E+00 2.088E−01 5.704E+02 6.584E+02 1.544E−01 5.087E+02 5.636E+02 1.079E−01 5.261E+00 3.000E+02 4.500E+03 4.780E+00 2.092E−01 6.567E+02 7.530E+02 1.467E−01 5.622E+02 6.171E+02 9.772E−02 6.854E+00 4.000E+02 6.000E+03 4.737E+00 2.111E−01 7.172E+02 8.126E+02 1.330E−01 5.957E+02 6.466E+02 8.559E−02 8.367E+00

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

4.000E+02 6.000E+03 4.737E+00 2.111E−01 7.172E+02 8.126E+02 1.330E−01 5.957E+02 6.466E+02 8.559E−02 8.367E+00 5.000E+02 7.500E+03 4.657E+00 2.147E−01 7.587E+02 8.475E+02 1.170E−01 6.137E+02 6.585E+02 7.306E−02 9.888E+00 6.000E+02 9.000E+03 4.552E+00 2.197E−01 7.863E+02 8.664E+02 1.019E−01 6.204E+02 6.592E+02 6.256E−02 1.144E+01 7.000E+02 1.050E+04 4.434E+00 2.255E−01 8.042E+02 8.758E+02 8.893E−02 6.195E+02 6.535E+02 5.503E−02 1.306E+01 8.000E+02 1.200E+04 4.311E+00 2.319E−01 8.152E+02 8.790E+02 7.820E−02 6.134E+02 6.444E+02 5.057E−02 1.472E+01 9.000E+02 1.350E+04 4.188E+00 2.388E−01 8.212E+02 8.782E+02 6.945E−02 6.037E+02 6.333E+02 4.893E−02 1.645E+01 1.000E+03 1.500E+04 4.067E+00 2.459E−01 8.234E+02 8.748E+02 6.241E−02 5.916E+02 6.211E+02 4.987E−02 1.822E+01 1.500E+03 2.250E+04 3.519E+00 2.842E−01 8.036E+02 8.392E+02 4.433E−02 5.323E+02 5.661E+02 6.362E−02 2.801E+01 2.000E+03 3.000E+04 3.079E+00 3.248E−01 7.637E+02 7.958E+02 4.197E−02 4.834E+02 5.223E+02 8.053E−02 3.930E+01 3.000E+03 4.500E+04 2.447E+00 4.087E−01 6.791E+02 7.165E+02 5.509E−02 4.087E+02 4.562E+02 1.163E−01 6.631E+01 4.000E+03 6.000E+04 2.022E+00 4.946E−01 6.059E+02 6.521E+02 7.625E−02 3.547E+02 4.081E+02 1.507E−01 9.910E+01 5.000E+03 7.500E+04 1.718E+00 5.820E−01 5.456E+02 5.998E+02 9.934E−02 3.138E+02 3.711E+02 1.826E−01 1.376E+02 6.000E+03 9.000E+04 1.491E+00 6.707E−01 4.959E+02 5.567E+02 1.225E−01 2.817E+02 3.414E+02 2.120E−01 1.816E+02 7.000E+03 1.050E+05 1.315E+00 7.606E−01 4.544E+02 5.204E+02 1.452E−01 2.558E+02 3.171E+02 2.395E−01 2.313E+02 8.000E+03 1.200E+05 1.174E+00 8.517E−01 4.193E+02 4.894E+02 1.670E−01 2.344E+02 2.966E+02 2.651E−01 2.864E+02 9.000E+03 1.350E+05 1.060E+00 9.438E−01 3.893E+02 4.625E+02 1.880E−01 2.165E+02 2.791E+02 2.891E−01 3.471E+02 1.000E+04 1.500E+05 9.644E−01 1.037E+00 3.634E+02 4.390E+02 2.081E−01 2.012E+02 2.639E+02 3.115E−01 4.132E+02 1.500E+04 2.250E+05 6.602E−01 1.515E+00 2.732E+02 3.540E+02 2.958E−01 1.494E+02 2.100E+02 4.055E−01 8.246E+02 2.000E+04 3.000E+05 4.981E−01 2.007E+00 2.196E+02 3.002E+02 3.668E−01 1.195E+02 1.766E+02 4.773E−01 1.367E+03 3.000E+04 4.500E+05 3.310E−01 3.021E+00 1.590E+02 2.346E+02 4.753E−01 8.639E+01 1.365E+02 5.800E−01 2.834E+03 4.000E+04 6.000E+05 2.462E−01 4.061E+00 1.254E+02 1.952E+02 5.569E−01 6.832E+01 1.128E+02 6.505E−01 4.791E+03 5.000E+04 7.500E+05 1.969E−01 5.079E+00 1.047E+02 1.689E+02 6.126E−01 5.708E+01 9.713E+01 7.015E−01 7.164E+03 6.000E+04 9.000E+05 1.644E−01 6.082E+00 9.055E+01 1.497E+02 6.535E−01 4.932E+01 8.587E+01 7.411E−01 9.945E+03 7.000E+04 1.050E+06 1.414E−01 7.071E+00 8.015E+01 1.351E+02 6.857E−01 4.361E+01 7.732E+01 7.730E−01 1.311E+04 8.000E+04 1.200E+06 1.243E−01 8.045E+00 7.221E+01 1.236E+02 7.110E−01 3.924E+01 7.058E+01 7.988E−01 1.663E+04 9.000E+04 1.350E+06 1.111E−01 9.001E+00 6.592E+01 1.141E+02 7.314E−01 3.577E+01 6.512E+01 8.203E−01 2.049E+04 1.000E+05 1.500E+06 1.006E-01 9.941E+00 6.082E+01 1.063E+02 7.479E−01 3.296E+01 6.058E+01 8.383E−01 2.468E+04 1.500E+05 2.250E+06 6.946E−02 1.440E+01 4.505E+01 8.081E+01 7.939E−01 2.422E+01 4.589E+01 8.949E−01 4.998E+04 2.000E+05 3.000E+06 5.411E−02 1.848E+01 3.682E+01 6.657E+01 8.080E−01 1.964E+01 3.772E+01 9.200E−01 8.154E+04 3.000E+05 4.500E+06 3.891E−02 2.570E+01 2.826E+01 5.084E+01 7.988E−01 1.489E+01 2.870E+01 9.276E−01 1.593E+05 4.000E+05 6.000E+06 3.134E−02 3.191E+01 2.380E+01 4.217E+01 7.717E−01 1.242E+01 2.372E+01 9.102E−01 2.522E+05 5.000E+05 7.500E+06 2.679E−02 3.732E+01 2.106E+01 3.662E+01 7.392E−01 1.091E+01 2.053E+01 8.819E−01 3.564E+05 6.000E+05 9.000E+06 2.375E−02 4.210E+01 1.919E+01 3.274E+01 7.059E−01 9.884E+00 1.828E+01 8.491E−01 4.693E+05 7.000E+05 1.050E+07 2.157E−02 4.636E+01 1.783E+01 2.985E+01 6.737E−01 9.148E+00 1.660E+01 8.151E−01 5.891E+05 8.000E+05 1.200E+07 1.993E−02 5.019E+01 1.680E+01 2.761E+01 6.433E−01 8.593E+00 1.531E+01 7.813E−01 7.145E+05 9.000E+05 1.350E+07 1.864E−02 5.365E+01 1.600E+01 2.583E+01 6.149E−01 8.160E+00 1.427E+01 7.486E−01 8.444E+05 1.000E+06 1.500E+07 1.760E−02 5.681E+01 1.534E+01 2.437E+01 5.883E−01 7.815E+00 1.342E+01 7.170E−01 9.780E+05

OXYGEN-14 IONS: A=14 Z=8 (a) Instantaneous Data

∆M=8.00835 MeV Mc2=1.3049E+04 MeV

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

1.000E−01 1.400E+00 2.146E−07 0.000E+00 1.468E−01 6.811E+00 1.591E+02 1.591E+02 1.374E−02 1.357E+02 1.500E−01 2.100E+00 3.219E−07 0.000E+00 2.044E−01 4.893E+00 1.699E+02 1.699E+02 1.796E−02 1.193E+02 2.000E−01 2.800E+00 4.292E−07 0.000E+00 2.691E−01 3.716E+00 1.778E+02 1.778E+02 2.196E−02 1.092E+02 3.000E−01 4.200E+00 6.437E−07 0.000E+00 3.708E−01 2.697E+00 1.855E+02 1.855E+02 2.963E−02 9.698E+01 4.000E−01 5.600E+00 8.583E−07 0.000E+00 4.836E−01 2.068E+00 1.904E+02 1.904E+02 3.705E−02 8.945E+01 5.000E−01 7.000E+00 1.073E−06 0.000E+00 5.830E−01 1.715E+00 1.931E+02 1.931E+02 4.434E−02 8.421E+01 6.000E−01 8.400E+00 1.287E−06 0.000E+00 6.581E−01 1.519E+00 1.946E+02 1.946E+02 5.155E−02 8.028E+01 7.000E−01 9.800E+00 1.502E−06 0.000E+00 7.683E-01 1.302E+00 1.963E+02 1.963E+02 5.870E−02 7.718E+01 8.000E−01 1.120E+01 1.717E−06 0.000E+00 8.482E−01 1.179E+00 1.973E+02 1.973E+02 6.582E−02 7.465E+01

7.254E+01 1.000E+00 1.400E+01 2.146E−06 0.000E+00 1.013E+00 9.869E−01 1.991E+02 1.991E+02 7.994E−02 7.073E+01 1.500E+00 2.100E+01 3.219E−06 0.000E+00 1.349E+00 7.412E−01 2.028E+02 2.028E+02 1.147E−01 6.448E+01 2.000E+00 2.800E+01 4.292E−06 0.000E+00 1.702E+00 5.875E−01 2.078E+02 2.078E+02 1.488E−01 6.065E+01 3.000E+00 4.200E+01 6.437E−06 0.000E+00 2.213E+00 4.519E−01 2.175E+02 2.175E+02 2.144E−01 5.598E+01 4.000E+00 5.600E+01 8.583E−06 0.000E+00 2.725E+00 3.669E−01 2.302E+02 2.302E+02 2.767E−01 5.312E+01 5.000E+00 7.000E+01 1.073E−05 0.000E+00 3.136E+00 3.189E−01 2.424E+02 2.424E+02 3.359E−01 5.112E+01 6.000E+00 8.400E+01 1.287E−05 0.000E+00 3.422E+00 2.923E−01 2.521E+02 2.521E+02 3.921E−01 4.962E+01 7.000E+00 9.800E+01 1.502E−05 0.000E+00 3.807E+00 2.626E−01 2.668E+02 2.668E+02 4.458E−01 4.844E+01 8.000E+00 1.120E+02 1.717E−05 0.000E+00 4.063E+00 2.461E−01 2.776E+02 2.776E+02 4.971E−01 4.748E+01 9.000E+00 1.260E+02 1.931E−05 0.000E+00 4.305E+00 2.323E−01 2.888E+02 2.888E+02 5.463E−01 4.668E+01 1.000E+01 1.400E+02 2.146E−05 0.000E+00 4.534E+00 2.206E−01 3.004E+02 3.004E+02 5.937E−01 4.599E+01 1.500E+01 2.100E+02 3.219E−05 0.000E+00 5.280E+00 1.894E−01 3.472E+02 3.472E+02 8.079E−01 4.361E+01 2.000E+01 2.800E+02 4.291E−05 0.000E+00 5.812E+00 1.721E−01 3.963E+02 3.963E+02 9.946E−01 4.215E+01 3.000E+01 4.200E+02 6.437E−05 0.000E+00 6.236E+00 1.604E−01 4.668E+02 4.668E+02 1.316E+00 4.037E+01 4.000E+01 5.600E+02 8.583E−05 0.000E+00 6.364E+00 1.571E−01 5.375E+02 5.375E+02 1.592E+00 3.928E+01 5.000E+01 7.000E+02 1.073E−04 0.000E+00 6.313E+00 1.584E−01 5.944E+02 5.822E+02 1.838E+00 3.852E+01 6.000E+01 8.400E+02 1.287E−04 0.000E+00 6.217E+00 1.609E−01 6.344E+02 6.019E+02 2.064E+00 3.795E+01 7.000E+01 9.800E+02 1.502E−04 0.000E+00 6.089E+00 1.642E−01 6.725E+02 6.214E+02 2.274E+00 3.750E+01 8.000E+01 1.120E+03 1.716E−04 0.000E+00 5.861E+00 1.706E−01 7.264E+02 6.503E+02 2.472E+00 3.714E+01 9.000E+01 1.260E+03 1.931E−04 0.000E+00 5.685E+00 1.759E−01 7.622E+02 6.702E+02 2.659E+00 3.683E+01 1.000E+02 1.400E+03 2.145E−04 0.000E+00 5.500E+00 1.818E−01 7.969E+02 6.897E+02 2.838E+00 3.657E+01 1.500E+02 2.100E+03 3.218E−04 0.000E+00 5.365E+00 1.864E−01 9.183E+02 7.595E+02 3.647E+00 3.566E+01 2.000E+02 2.800E+03 4.290E−04 0.000E+00 5.439E+00 1.839E−01 1.018E+03 8.161E+02 4.364E+00 3.511E+01 3.000E+02 4.200E+03 6.434E−04 0.000E+00 5.375E+00 1.860E−01 1.119E+03 8.648E+02 5.662E+00 3.443E+01 4.000E+02 5.600E+03 8.578E−04 0.000E+00 5.133E+00 1.948E−01 1.167E+03 8.694E+02 6.879E+00 3.402E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

4.000E+02 5.600E+03 8.578E−04 0.000E+00 5.133E+00 1.948E−01 1.167E+03 8.694E+02 6.879E+00 3.402E+01 5.000E+02 7.000E+03 1.072E−03 2.703E+04 4.891E+00 2.044E−01 1.165E+03 8.442E+02 8.079E+00 3.373E+01 6.000E+02 8.400E+03 1.286E−03 2.436E+04 4.514E+00 2.216E−01 1.137E+03 7.882E+02 9.301E+00 3.351E+01 7.000E+02 9.800E+03 1.500E−03 2.268E+04 4.257E+00 2.349E−01 1.112E+03 7.448E+02 1.056E+01 3.334E+01 8.000E+02 1.120E+04 1.714E−03 2.050E+04 3.904E+00 2.561E−01 1.071E+03 6.784E+02 1.184E+01 3.320E+01 9.000E+02 1.260E+04 1.928E−03 1.917E+04 3.678E+00 2.719E−01 1.040E+03 6.318E+02 1.317E+01 3.308E+01 1.000E+03 1.400E+04 2.142E−03 1.858E+04 3.576E+00 2.796E−01 1.025E+03 6.099E+02 1.454E+01 3.298E+01 1.500E+03 2.100E+04 3.211E−03 1.412E+04 2.769E+00 3.611E−01 8.872E+02 4.862E+02 2.200E+01 3.264E+01 2.000E+03 2.800E+04 4.278E−03 1.181E+04 2.329E+00 4.293E−01 7.957E+02 4.326E+02 3.050E+01 3.243E+01 3.000E+03 4.200E+04 6.406E−03 8.552E+03 1.692E+00 5.910E−01 6.410E+02 3.448E+02 5.064E+01 3.217E+01 4.000E+03 5.600E+04 8.528E−03 6.960E+03 1.375E+00 7.273E−01 5.526E+02 2.959E+02 7.485E+01 3.201E+01 5.000E+03 7.000E+04 1.064E−02 5.767E+03 1.135E+00 8.807E−01 4.800E+02 2.563E+02 1.031E+02 3.190E+01 6.000E+03 8.400E+04 1.275E−02 4.830E+03 9.470E−01 1.056E+00 4.186E+02 2.231E+02 1.352E+02 3.182E+01 7.000E+03 9.800E+04 1.485E−02 4.289E+03 8.381E−01 1.193E+00 3.812E+02 2.030E+02 1.713E+02 3.175E+01 8.000E+03 1.120E+05 1.695E−02 3.836E+03 7.469E−01 1.339E+00 3.486E+02 1.856E+02 2.112E+02 3.170E+01 9.000E+03 1.260E+05 1.904E−02 3.271E+03 6.331E−01 1.579E+00 3.062E+02 1.630E+02 2.551E+02 3.166E+01 1.000E+04 1.400E+05 2.112E−02 3.115E+03 6.019E−01 1.662E+00 2.942E+02 1.566E+02 3.027E+02 3.162E+01 1.500E+04 2.100E+05 3.143E−02 2.069E+03 3.922E−01 2.550E+00 2.086E+02 1.115E+02 5.981E+02 3.149E+01 2.000E+04 2.800E+05 4.157E−02 1.614E+03 3.017E−01 3.315E+00 1.684E+02 9.051E+01 9.869E+02 3.141E+01 3.000E+04 4.200E+05 6.139E−02 1.067E+03 1.935E−01 5.168E+00 1.167E+02 6.361E+01 2.036E+03 3.131E+01 4.000E+04 5.600E+05 8.061E−02 8.345E+02 1.481E−01 6.753E+00 9.332E+01 5.153E+01 3.435E+03 3.125E+01 5.000E+04 7.000E+05 9.923E−02 6.750E+02 1.206E−01 8.292E+00 7.892E+01 4.291E+01 5.131E+03 3.121E+01

3.117E+01 7.000E+04 9.800E+05 1.348E−01 4.939E+02 8.761E−02 1.141E+01 6.056E+01 3.273E+01 9.377E+03 3.115E+01 8.000E+04 1.120E+06 1.518E−01 4.419E+02 7.825E−02 1.278E+01 5.515E+01 2.971E+01 1.189E+04 3.113E+01 9.000E+04 1.260E+06 1.684E−01 3.986E+02 7.051E−02 1.418E+01 5.060E+01 2.716E+01 1.465E+04 3.111E+01 1.000E+05 1.400E+06 1.844E−01 3.621E+02 6.401E−02 1.562E+01 4.672E+01 2.498E+01 1.765E+04 3.110E+01 1.500E+05 2.100E+06 2.580E−01 2.522E+02 4.454E−02 2.245E+01 3.468E+01 1.822E+01 3.573E+04 3.105E+01 2.000E+05 2.800E+06 3.221E−01 2.062E+02 3.640E−02 2.748E+01 2.943E+01 1.529E+01 5.828E+04 3.102E+01 3.000E+05 4.200E+06 4.277E−01 1.517E+02 2.674E−02 3.740E+01 2.301E+01 1.173E+01 1.139E+05 3.098E+01 4.000E+05 5.600E+06 5.104E−01 1.291E+02 2.268E−02 4.409E+01 2.024E+01 1.022E+01 1.802E+05 3.096E+01 5.000E+05 7.000E+06 5.764E−01 1.137E+02 1.989E−02 5.028E+01 1.833E+01 9.203E+00 2.547E+05 3.094E+01 6.000E+05 8.400E+06 6.299E−01 1.026E+02 1.784E−02 5.604E+01 1.693E+01 8.472E+00 3.354E+05 3.093E+01 7.000E+05 9.800E+06 6.738E−01 9.660E+01 1.672E−02 5.981E+01 1.616E+01 8.084E+00 4.210E+05 3.092E+01 8.000E+05 1.120E+07 7.104E−01 9.181E+01 1.581E−02 6.327E+01 1.555E+01 7.780E+00 5.105E+05 3.091E+01 9.000E+05 1.260E+07 7.412E−01 8.789E+01 1.505E−02 6.647E+01 1.505E+01 7.538E+00 6.034E+05 3.091E+01 1.000E+06 1.400E+07 7.673E−01 8.463E+01 1.440E−02 6.943E+01 1.463E+01 7.344E+00 6.989E+05 3.090E+01

(b) Equilibrium Values

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

1.000E−01 1.400E+00 6.911E−02 1.447E+01 1.207E+02 1.291E+02 6.964E−02 1.207E+02 1.291E+02 6.964E−02 1.374E−02 1.500E−01 2.100E+00 9.930E−02 1.007E+01 1.329E+02 1.415E+02 6.477E−02 1.329E+02 1.415E+02 6.477E−02 1.796E−02 2.000E−01 2.800E+00 1.286E−01 7.779E+00 1.415E+02 1.500E+02 5.981E−02 1.415E+02 1.500E+02 5.981E−02 2.196E−02 3.000E−01 4.200E+00 1.849E−01 5.408E+00 1.531E+02 1.609E+02 5.140E−02 1.531E+02 1.609E+02 5.140E−02 2.963E−02 4.000E−01 5.600E+00 2.390E−01 4.185E+00 1.607E+02 1.679E+02 4.489E−02 1.607E+02 1.679E+02 4.489E−02 3.705E−02 5.000E−01 7.000E+00 2.911E−01 3.436E+00 1.661E+02 1.727E+02 3.980E−02 1.661E+02 1.727E+02 3.980E−02 4.434E−02 6.000E−01 8.400E+00 3.415E−01 2.928E+00 1.702E+02 1.763E+02 3.574E−02 1.702E+02 1.763E+02 3.574E−02 5.155E-02 7.000E−01 9.800E+00 3.904E−01 2.561E+00 1.735E+02 1.791E+02 3.244E−02 1.735E+02 1.791E+02 3.244E−02 5.870E−02 8.000E−01 1.120E+01 4.380E−01 2.283E+00 1.761E+02 1.813E+02 2.971E−02 1.761E+02 1.813E+02 2.971E−02 6.582E−02 9.000E−01 1.260E+01 4.843E−01 2.065E+00 1.783E+02 1.832E+02 2.742E−02 1.783E+02 1.832E+02 2.742E−02 7.289E−02 1.000E+00 1.400E+01 5.295E−01 1.889E+00 1.801E+02 1.847E+02 2.548E−02 1.801E+02 1.847E+02 2.548E−02 7.994E−02 1.500E+00 2.100E+01 7.399E−01 1.352E+00 1.867E+02 1.902E+02 1.912E−02 1.867E+02 1.902E+02 1.912E−02 1.147E−01 2.000E+00 2.800E+01 9.293E−01 1.076E+00 1.910E+02 1.941E+02 1.576E−02 1.910E+02 1.941E+02 1.576E−02 1.488E−01 3.000E+00 4.200E+01 1.261E+00 7.931E−01 1.979E+02 2.005E+02 1.289E−02 1.979E+02 2.005E+02 1.289E−02 2.144E−01 4.000E+00 5.600E+01 1.545E+00 6.472E−01 2.040E+02 2.065E+02 1.244E−02 2.040E+02 2.065E+02 1.244E−02 2.767E−01 5.000E+00 7.000E+01 1.794E+00 5.574E−01 2.098E+02 2.126E+02 1.326E−02 2.098E+02 2.126E+02 1.326E−02 3.359E−01 6.000E+00 8.400E+01 2.015E+00 4.963E−01 2.154E+02 2.186E+02 1.485E−02 2.154E+02 2.186E+02 1.485E−02 3.921E−01 7.000E+00 9.800E+01 2.214E+00 4.517E−01 2.209E+02 2.247E+02 1.693E−02 2.209E+02 2.247E+02 1.693E−02 4.458E−01 8.000E+00 1.120E+02 2.394E+00 4.177E−01 2.263E+02 2.307E+02 1.935E−02 2.263E+02 2.307E+02 1.935E−02 4.971E−01 9.000E+00 1.260E+02 2.558E+00 3.909E−01 2.315E+02 2.366E+02 2.197E−02 2.315E+02 2.366E+02 2.197E−02 5.463E−01 1.000E+01 1.400E+02 2.709E+00 3.692E−01 2.367E+02 2.425E+02 2.473E−02 2.367E+02 2.425E+02 2.473E−02 5.937E−01 1.500E+01 2.100E+02 3.311E+00 3.020E−01 2.606E+02 2.707E+02 3.901E−02 2.606E+02 2.707E+02 3.901E−02 8.079E−01 2.000E+01 2.800E+02 3.742E+00 2.673E−01 2.821E+02 2.969E+02 5.242E−02 2.821E+02 2.969E+02 5.242E−02 9.946E−01 3.000E+01 4.200E+02 4.313E+00 2.319E−01 3.197E+02 3.436E+02 7.472E−02 3.197E+02 3.436E+02 7.472E−02 1.316E+00 4.000E+01 5.600E+02 4.664E+00 2.144E−01 3.522E+02 3.845E+02 9.181E−02 3.522E+02 3.845E+02 9.181E−02 1.592E+00 5.000E+01 7.000E+02 4.890E+00 2.045E−01 3.811E+02 4.211E+02 1.051E−01 3.808E+02 4.205E+02 1.044E−01 1.838E+00 6.000E+01 8.400E+02 5.039E+00 1.984E−01 4.072E+02 4.543E+02 1.156E−01 4.042E+02 4.486E+02 1.098E−01 2.064E+00 7.000E+01 9.800E+02 5.138E+00 1.946E−01 4.312E+02 4.847E+02 1.239E−01 4.240E+02 4.715E+02 1.120E−01 2.274E+00 8.000E+01 1.120E+03 5.202E+00 1.922E−01 4.534E+02 5.127E+02 1.307E−01 4.413E+02 4.911E+02 1.129E−01 2.472E+00 9.000E+01 1.260E+03 5.242E+00 1.908E−01 4.741E+02 5.387E+02 1.362E−01 4.568E+02 5.085E+02 1.131E−01 2.659E+00 1.000E+02 1.400E+03 5.264E+00 1.900E−01 4.935E+02 5.629E+02 1.407E−01 4.710E+02 5.243E+02 1.131E−01 2.838E+00 1.500E+02 2.100E+03 5.280E+00 1.894E−01 5.761E+02 6.644E+02 1.533E−01 5.283E+02 5.872E+02 1.116E−01 3.647E+00 2.000E+02 2.800E+03 5.302E+00 1.886E−01 6.418E+02 7.424E+02 1.568E−01 5.717E+02 6.340E+02 1.090E−01 4.364E+00 3.000E+02 4.200E+03 5.329E+00 1.877E−01 7.419E+02 8.547E+02 1.519E−01 6.347E+02 6.991E+02 1.014E-01 5.662E+00 4.000E+02 5.600E+03 5.316E+00 1.881E−01 8.143E+02 9.287E+02 1.405E−01 6.767E+02 7.385E+02 9.129E−02 6.879E+00

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

4.000E+02 5.600E+03 5.316E+00 1.881E−01 8.143E+02 9.287E+02 1.405E−01 6.767E+02 7.385E+02 9.129E−02 6.879E+00 5.000E+02 7.000E+03 5.265E+00 1.900E−01 8.667E+02 9.764E+02 1.266E−01 7.030E+02 7.592E+02 8.006E−02 8.079E+00 6.000E+02 8.400E+03 5.180E+00 1.931E−01 9.033E+02 1.005E+03 1.121E−01 7.163E+02 7.659E+02 6.931E−02 9.301E+00 7.000E+02 9.800E+03 5.077E+00 1.970E−01 9.291E+02 1.021E+03 9.857E−02 7.209E+02 7.643E+02 6.023E−02 1.056E+01 8.000E+02 1.120E+04 4.960E+00 2.016E−01 9.455E+02 1.029E+03 8.808E−02 7.184E+02 7.577E+02 5.474E−02 1.184E+01 9.000E+02 1.260E+04 4.842E+00 2.065E−01 9.568E+02 1.032E+03 7.825E−02 7.121E+02 7.481E+02 5.057E−02 1.317E+01 1.000E+03 1.400E+04 4.722E+00 2.118E−01 9.632E+02 1.031E+03 7.038E−02 7.023E+02 7.367E+02 4.897E−02 1.454E+01 1.500E+03 2.100E+04 4.157E+00 2.406E−01 9.550E+02 1.001E+03 4.796E−02 6.405E+02 6.774E+02 5.760E−02 2.200E+01 2.000E+03 2.800E+04 3.684E+00 2.715E−01 9.184E+02 9.567E+02 4.175E−02 5.871E+02 6.288E+02 7.108E−02 3.050E+01 3.000E+03 4.200E+04 2.978E+00 3.358E−01 8.299E+02 8.705E+02 4.895E−02 5.030E+02 5.540E+02 1.014E−01 5.064E+01 4.000E+03 5.600E+04 2.489E+00 4.018E−01 7.486E+02 7.978E+02 6.569E−02 4.407E+02 4.986E+02 1.316E−01 7.485E+01 5.000E+03 7.000E+04 2.133E+00 4.687E−01 6.797E+02 7.377E+02 8.535E−02 3.927E+02 4.556E+02 1.601E−01 1.031E+02 6.000E+03 8.400E+04 1.863E+00 5.367E−01 6.216E+02 6.874E+02 1.058E−01 3.545E+02 4.208E+02 1.869E−01 1.352E+02 7.000E+03 9.800E+04 1.652E+00 6.053E−01 5.726E+02 6.448E+02 1.260E−01 3.235E+02 3.920E+02 2.119E−01 1.713E+02 8.000E+03 1.120E+05 1.482E+00 6.747E−01 5.307E+02 6.080E+02 1.457E−01 2.976E+02 3.676E+02 2.353E−01 2.112E+02 9.000E+03 1.260E+05 1.342E+00 7.449E−01 4.945E+02 5.760E+02 1.649E−01 2.758E+02 3.467E+02 2.573E−01 2.551E+02 1.000E+04 1.400E+05 1.226E+00 8.157E−01 4.629E+02 5.478E+02 1.834E−01 2.570E+02 3.285E+02 2.782E−01 3.027E+02 1.500E+04 2.100E+05 8.479E−01 1.179E+00 3.515E+02 4.449E+02 2.659E−01 1.926E+02 2.633E+02 3.669E−01 5.981E+02 2.000E+04 2.800E+05 6.432E−01 1.555E+00 2.840E+02 3.789E+02 3.340E−01 1.548E+02 2.224E+02 4.361E−01 9.869E+02 3.000E+04 4.200E+05 4.294E−01 2.329E+00 2.066E+02 2.976E+02 4.405E−01 1.124E+02 1.728E+02 5.375E−01 2.036E+03 4.000E+04 5.600E+05 3.202E−01 3.123E+00 1.632E+02 2.483E+02 5.212E−01 8.904E+01 1.432E+02 6.080E−01 3.435E+03 5.000E+04 7.000E+05 2.565E−01 3.899E+00 1.366E+02 2.152E+02 5.758E−01 7.447E+01 1.236E+02 6.597E−01 5.131E+03 6.000E+04 8.400E+05 2.143E−01 4.666E+00 1.181E+02 1.911E+02 6.177E−01 6.437E+01 1.094E+02 7.002E−01 7.118E+03 7.000E+04 9.800E+05 1.844E−01 5.423E+00 1.046E+02 1.727E+02 6.505E−01 5.694E+01 9.866E+01 7.327E−01 9.377E+03 8.000E+04 1.120E+06 1.621E−01 6.168E+00 9.427E+01 1.581E+02 6.767E−01 5.124E+01 9.015E+01 7.593E−01 1.189E+04 9.000E+04 1.260E+06 1.449E−01 6.900E+00 8.607E+01 1.461E+02 6.979E−01 4.672E+01 8.325E+01 7.817E−01 1.465E+04 1.000E+05 1.400E+06 1.312E−01 7.620E+00 7.942E+01 1.362E+02 7.151E−01 4.305E+01 7.750E+01 8.003E−01 1.765E+04 1.500E+05 2.100E+06 9.064E−02 1.103E+01 5.884E+01 1.038E+02 7.643E−01 3.164E+01 5.885E+01 8.601E−01 3.573E+04 2.000E+05 2.800E+06 7.063E−02 1.416E+01 4.809E+01 8.564E+01 7.807E−01 2.567E+01 4.844E+01 8.874E−01 5.828E+04 3.000E+05 4.200E+06 5.079E−02 1.969E+01 3.691E+01 6.553E+01 7.753E−01 1.945E+01 3.693E+01 8.988E−01 1.139E+05 4.000E+05 5.600E+06 4.091E−02 2.444E+01 3.109E+01 5.443E+01 7.507E−01 1.623E+01 3.057E+01 8.839E−01 1.802E+05 5.000E+05 7.000E+06 3.498E−02 2.859E+01 2.751E+01 4.731E+01 7.202E−01 1.425E+01 2.648E+01 8.578E−01 2.547E+05 6.000E+05 8.400E+06 3.101E−02 3.225E+01 2.506E+01 4.232E+01 6.887E−01 1.291E+01 2.360E+01 8.272E−01 3.354E+05 7.000E+05 9.800E+06 2.816E−02 3.551E+01 2.329E+01 3.861E+01 6.577E−01 1.195E+01 2.145E+01 7.946E−01 4.210E+05 8.000E+05 1.120E+07 2.601E−02 3.844E+01 2.195E+01 3.574E+01 6.284E−01 1.123E+01 1.978E+01 7.621E−01 5.105E+05 9.000E+05 1.260E+07 2.433E−02 4.110E+01 2.089E+01 3.345E+01 6.009E−01 1.066E+01 1.845E+01 7.304E−01 6.034E+05 1.000E+06 1.400E+07 2.298E−02 4.351E+01 2.004E+01 3.157E+01 5.753E−01 1.021E+01 1.736E+01 7.001E−01 6.989E+05

OXYGEN-15 IONS: A=15 Z=8 (a) Instantaneous Data

∆M=2.85547MeV Mc2=1.3975E+04MeV

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

1.000E−01 1.500E+00 2.147E−07 0.000E+00 1.424E−01 7.023E+00 1.619E+02 1.619E+02 1.420E−02 1.357E+02 1.500E−01 2.250E+00 3.220E−07 0.000E+00 2.086E−01 4.794E+00 1.744E+02 1.744E+02 1.862E−02 1.193E+02 2.000E−01 3.000E+00 4.293E−07 0.000E+00 2.612E−01 3.829E+00 1.809E+02 1.809E+02 2.282E−02 1.092E+02 3.000E−01 4.500E+00 6.440E−07 0.000E+00 3.782E−01 2.644E+00 1.895E+02 1.895E+02 3.087E−02 9.698E+01 4.000E−01 6.000E+00 8.587E−07 0.000E+00 4.699E−01 2.128E+00 1.933E+02 1.933E+02 3.868E−02 8.945E+01 5.000E−01 7.500E+00 1.073E−06 0.000E+00 5.668E−01 1.764E+00 1.959E+02 1.959E+02 4.636E−02 8.421E+01 6.000E−01 9.000E+00 1.288E−06 0.000E+00 6.706E−01 1.491E+00 1.978E+02 1.978E+02 5.397E−02 8.028E+01 7.000E−01 1.050E+01 1.503E−06 0.000E+00 7.474E−01 1.338E+00 1.988E+02 1.988E+02 6.152E−02 7.718E+01

7.465E+01 9.000E−01 1.350E+01 1.932E−06 0.000E+00 9.049E−01 1.105E+00 2.004E+02 2.004E+02 7.652E−02 7.254E+01 1.000E+00 1.500E+01 2.147E−06 0.000E+00 9.865E−01 1.014E+00 2.012E+02 2.012E+02 8.398E−02 7.073E+01 1.500E+00 2.250E+01 3.220E−06 0.000E+00 1.373E+00 7.285E−01 2.050E+02 2.050E+02 1.209E−01 6.448E+01 2.000E+00 3.000E+01 4.293E−06 0.000E+00 1.660E+00 6.023E−01 2.087E+02 2.087E+02 1.571E−01 6.065E+01 3.000E+00 4.500E+01 6.440E−06 0.000E+00 2.248E+00 4.448E−01 2.194E+02 2.194E+02 2.270E−01 5.598E+01 4.000E+00 6.000E+01 8.587E−06 0.000E+00 2.666E+00 3.751E−01 2.295E+02 2.295E+02 2.934E−01 5.312E+01 5.000E+00 7.500E+01 1.073E−05 0.000E+00 3.071E+00 3.256E−01 2.412E+02 2.412E+02 3.566E−01 5.112E+01 6.000E+00 9.000E+01 1.288E−05 0.000E+00 3.467E+00 2.884E−01 2.544E+02 2.544E+02 4.167E−01 4.962E+01 7.000E+00 1.050E+02 1.503E−05 0.000E+00 3.737E+00 2.676E−01 2.646E+02 2.646E+02 4.740E−01 4.844E+01 8.000E+00 1.200E+02 1.717E−05 0.000E+00 3.992E+00 2.505E−01 2.750E+02 2.750E+02 5.289E−01 4.748E+01 9.000E+00 1.350E+02 1.932E−05 0.000E+00 4.233E+00 2.362E−01 2.859E+02 2.859E+02 5.815E−01 4.668E+01 1.000E+01 1.500E+02 2.147E−05 0.000E+00 4.462E+00 2.241E−01 2.971E+02 2.971E+02 6.322E−01 4.599E+01 1.500E+01 2.250E+02 3.220E−05 0.000E+00 5.322E+00 1.879E−01 3.507E+02 3.507E+02 8.615E−01 4.361E+01 2.000E+01 3.000E+02 4.293E−05 0.000E+00 5.760E+00 1.736E−01 3.907E+02 3.907E+02 1.061E+00 4.215E+01 3.000E+01 4.500E+02 6.440E−05 0.000E+00 6.252E+00 1.599E−01 4.718E+02 4.718E+02 1.405E+00 4.037E+01 4.000E+01 6.000E+02 8.586E−05 0.000E+00 6.360E+00 1.572E−01 5.294E+02 5.294E+02 1.701E+00 3.928E+01 5.000E+01 7.500E+02 1.073E−04 0.000E+00 6.327E+00 1.581E−01 5.855E+02 5.780E+02 1.965E+00 3.852E+01 6.000E+01 9.000E+02 1.288E−04 0.000E+00 6.196E+00 1.614E−01 6.409E+02 6.051E+02 2.207E+00 3.795E+01 7.000E+01 1.050E+03 1.502E−04 0.000E+00 6.062E+00 1.650E−01 6.793E+02 6.249E+02 2.432E+00 3.750E+01 8.000E+01 1.200E+03 1.717E−04 0.000E+00 5.907E+00 1.693E−01 7.160E+02 6.446E+02 2.644E+00 3.714E+01 9.000E+01 1.350E+03 1.932E−04 0.000E+00 5.738E+00 1.743E−01 7.516E+02 6.642E+02 2.844E+00 3.683E+01 1.000E+02 1.500E+03 2.146E−04 0.000E+00 5.558E+00 1.799E−01 7.860E+02 6.835E+02 3.036E+00 3.657E+01 1.500E+02 2.250E+03 3.219E−04 0.000E+00 5.372E+00 1.861E−01 9.258E+02 7.638E+02 3.902E+00 3.566E+01 2.000E+02 3.000E+03 4.292E−04 0.000E+00 5.435E+00 1.840E−01 1.008E+03 8.103E+02 4.671E+00 3.511E+01 3.000E+02 4.500E+03 6.437E−04 0.000E+00 5.364E+00 1.864E−01 1.124E+03 8.665E+02 6.062E+00 3.443E+01 4.000E+02 6.000E+03 8.581E−04 0.000E+00 5.170E+00 1.934E−01 1.164E+03 8.713E+02 7.358E+00 3.402E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

4.000E+02 6.000E+03 8.581E−04 0.000E+00 5.170E+00 1.934E−01 1.164E+03 8.713E+02 7.358E+00 3.402E+01 5.000E+02 7.500E+03 1.072E−03 2.671E+04 4.849E+00 2.062E−01 1.162E+03 8.385E+02 8.651E+00 3.373E+01 6.000E+02 9.000E+03 1.287E−03 2.406E+04 4.469E+00 2.238E−01 1.133E+03 7.810E+02 9.961E+00 3.351E+01 7.000E+02 1.050E+04 1.501E−03 2.239E+04 4.212E+00 2.374E−01 1.107E+03 7.367E+02 1.130E+01 3.334E+01 8.000E+02 1.200E+04 1.715E−03 2.090E+04 3.971E+00 2.518E−01 1.079E+03 6.915E+02 1.269E+01 3.320E+01 9.000E+02 1.350E+04 1.929E−03 1.955E+04 3.745E+00 2.671E−01 1.050E+03 6.458E+02 1.411E+01 3.308E+01 1.000E+03 1.500E+04 2.143E−03 1.831E+04 3.531E+00 2.832E−01 1.019E+03 5.998E+02 1.557E+01 3.298E+01 1.500E+03 2.250E+04 3.212E−03 1.389E+04 2.728E+00 3.666E−01 8.792E+02 4.813E+02 2.356E+01 3.264E+01 2.000E+03 3.000E+04 4.280E−03 1.161E+04 2.292E+00 4.364E−01 7.874E+02 4.276E+02 3.268E+01 3.243E+01 3.000E+03 4.500E+04 6.409E−03 8.395E+03 1.662E+00 6.018E−01 6.328E+02 3.402E+02 5.425E+01 3.217E+01 4.000E+03 6.000E+04 8.532E−03 6.826E+03 1.349E+00 7.415E−01 5.449E+02 2.916E+02 8.020E+01 3.201E+01 5.000E+03 7.500E+04 1.065E−02 5.652E+03 1.113E+00 8.986E−01 4.728E+02 2.523E+02 1.104E+02 3.190E+01 6.000E+03 9.000E+04 1.276E−02 4.731E+03 9.273E−01 1.078E+00 4.120E+02 2.194E+02 1.449E+02 3.182E+01 7.000E+03 1.050E+05 1.486E−02 4.200E+03 8.203E−01 1.219E+00 3.749E+02 1.996E+02 1.835E+02 3.175E+01 8.000E+03 1.200E+05 1.695E−02 3.755E+03 7.307E−01 1.369E+00 3.427E+02 1.824E+02 2.263E+02 3.170E+01 9.000E+03 1.350E+05 1.904E−02 3.375E+03 6.543E−01 1.528E+00 3.143E+02 1.673E+02 2.733E+02 3.166E+01 1.000E+04 1.500E+05 2.113E−02 3.048E+03 5.884E−01 1.699E+00 2.890E+02 1.538E+02 3.243E+02 3.162E+01 1.500E+04 2.250E+05 3.144E−02 2.023E+03 3.831E−01 2.610E+00 2.047E+02 1.094E+02 6.408E+02 3.149E+01 2.000E+04 3.000E+05 4.159E−02 1.578E+03 2.946E−01 3.394E+00 1.652E+02 8.879E+01 1.057E+03 3.141E+01 3.000E+04 4.500E+05 6.142E−02 1.043E+03 1.889E−01 5.293E+00 1.144E+02 6.239E+01 2.181E+03 3.131E+01 4.000E+04 6.000E+05 8.064E−02 8.162E+02 1.446E−01 6.918E+00 9.146E+01 5.055E+01 3.680E+03 3.125E+01

3.121E+01 6.000E+04 9.000E+05 1.173E−01 5.462E+02 9.710E−02 1.030E+01 6.594E+01 3.572E+01 7.626E+03 3.117E+01 7.000E+04 1.050E+06 1.349E−01 4.835E+02 8.576E−02 1.166E+01 5.950E+01 3.213E+01 1.005E+04 3.115E+01 8.000E+04 1.200E+06 1.519E−01 4.327E+02 7.662E−02 1.305E+01 5.420E+01 2.917E+01 1.274E+04 3.113E+01 9.000E+04 1.350E+06 1.684E−01 3.905E+02 6.908E−02 1.448E+01 4.975E+01 2.668E+01 1.570E+04 3.111E+01 1.000E+05 1.500E+06 1.845E−01 3.548E+02 6.273E−02 1.594E+01 4.594E+01 2.454E+01 1.891E+04 3.110E+01 1.500E+05 2.250E+06 2.581E−01 2.592E+02 4.579E−02 2.184E+01 3.547E+01 1.866E+01 3.828E+04 3.105E+01 2.000E+05 3.000E+06 3.222E−01 2.025E+02 3.576E−02 2.796E+01 2.902E+01 1.505E+01 6.244E+04 3.102E+01 3.000E+05 4.500E+06 4.278E−01 1.552E+02 2.736E−02 3.655E+01 2.343E+01 1.196E+01 1.220E+05 3.098E+01 4.000E+05 6.000E+06 5.105E−01 1.273E+02 2.236E−02 4.472E+01 2.002E+01 1.011E+01 1.931E+05 3.096E+01 5.000E+05 7.500E+06 5.765E−01 1.123E+02 1.964E−02 5.092E+01 1.815E+01 9.110E+00 2.729E+05 3.094E+01 6.000E+05 9.000E+06 6.300E−01 1.043E+02 1.816E−02 5.508E+01 1.714E+01 8.581E+00 3.593E+05 3.093E+01 7.000E+05 1.050E+07 6.740E−01 9.564E+01 1.654E−02 6.046E+01 1.604E+01 8.022E+00 4.510E+05 3.092E+01 8.000E+05 1.200E+07 7.105E−01 9.097E+01 1.565E−02 6.392E+01 1.545E+01 7.728E+00 5.470E+05 3.091E+01 9.000E+05 1.350E+07 7.413E−01 8.716E+01 1.490E−02 6.710E+01 1.496E+01 7.494E+00 6.465E+05 3.091E+01 1.000E+06 1.500E+07 7.674E−01 8.399E+01 1.427E−02 7.005E+01 1.455E+01 7.307E+00 7.488E+05 3.090E+01

(b) Equilibrium Values

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

1.000E−01 1.500E+00 6.893E−02 1.451E+01 1.237E+02 1.324E+02 7.043E−02 1.237E+02 1.324E+02 7.043E−02 1.420E−02 1.500E−01 2.250E+00 9.917E−02 1.008E+01 1.362E+02 1.450E+02 6.507E−02 1.362E+02 1.450E+02 6.507E−02 1.862E−02 2.000E−01 3.000E+00 1.285E−01 7.783E+00 1.449E+02 1.535E+02 5.979E−02 1.449E+02 1.535E+02 5.979E−02 2.282E−02 3.000E−01 4.500E+00 1.850E−01 5.406E+00 1.566E+02 1.645E+02 5.102E−02 1.566E+02 1.645E+02 5.102E−02 3.087E−02 4.000E−01 6.000E+00 2.392E−01 4.181E+00 1.642E+02 1.715E+02 4.432E−02 1.642E+02 1.715E+02 4.432E−02 3.868E−02 5.000E−01 7.500E+00 2.915E−01 3.431E+00 1.696E+02 1.762E+02 3.912E−02 1.696E+02 1.762E+02 3.912E−02 4.636E−02 6.000E−01 9.000E+00 3.421E−01 2.923E+00 1.737E+02 1.797E+02 3.499E−02 1.737E+02 1.797E+02 3.499E−02 5.397E−02 7.000E−01 1.050E+01 3.912E−01 2.557E+00 1.768E+02 1.824E+02 3.164E−02 1.768E+02 1.824E+02 3.164E−02 6.152E−02 8.000E−01 1.200E+01 4.389E−01 2.279E+00 1.794E+02 1.846E+02 2.888E−02 1.794E+02 1.846E+02 2.888E−02 6.904E−02 9.000E−01 1.350E+01 4.853E−01 2.061E+00 1.815E+02 1.863E+02 2.658E−02 1.815E+02 1.863E+02 2.658E−02 7.652E−02 1.000E+00 1.500E+01 5.306E−01 1.885E+00 1.833E+02 1.878E+02 2.463E−02 1.833E+02 1.878E+02 2.463E−02 8.398E−02 1.500E+00 2.250E+01 7.417E−01 1.348E+00 1.895E+02 1.930E+02 1.826E−02 1.895E+02 1.930E+02 1.826E−02 1.209E−01 2.000E+00 3.000E+01 9.317E−01 1.073E+00 1.937E+02 1.966E+02 1.491E−02 1.937E+02 1.966E+02 1.491E−02 1.571E−01 3.000E+00 4.500E+01 1.264E+00 7.910E−01 2.002E+02 2.026E+02 1.201E−02 2.002E+02 2.026E+02 1.201E−02 2.270E−01 4.000E+00 6.000E+01 1.549E+00 6.455E−01 2.060E+02 2.083E+02 1.150E−02 2.060E+02 2.083E+02 1.150E−02 2.934E−01 5.000E+00 7.500E+01 1.799E+00 5.560E−01 2.116E+02 2.142E+02 1.224E−02 2.116E+02 2.142E+02 1.224E−02 3.566E−01 6.000E+00 9.000E+01 2.020E+00 4.950E−01 2.171E+02 2.201E+02 1.376E−02 2.171E+02 2.201E+02 1.376E−02 4.167E−01 7.000E+00 1.050E+02 2.219E+00 4.506E−01 2.225E+02 2.260E+02 1.577E−02 2.225E+02 2.260E+02 1.577E−02 4.740E−01 8.000E+00 1.200E+02 2.399E+00 4.168E−01 2.278E+02 2.319E+02 1.812E−02 2.278E+02 2.319E+02 1.812E−02 5.289E−01 9.000E+00 1.350E+02 2.564E+00 3.900E−01 2.330E+02 2.378E+02 2.069E−02 2.330E+02 2.378E+02 2.069E−02 5.815E−01 1.000E+01 1.500E+02 2.715E+00 3.683E−01 2.380E+02 2.436E+02 2.341E−02 2.380E+02 2.436E+02 2.341E−02 6.322E−01 1.500E+01 2.250E+02 3.317E+00 3.015E−01 2.618E+02 2.716E+02 3.753E−02 2.618E+02 2.716E+02 3.753E−02 8.615E−01 2.000E+01 3.000E+02 3.748E+00 2.668E−01 2.831E+02 2.975E+02 5.089E−02 2.831E+02 2.975E+02 5.089E−02 1.061E+00 3.000E+01 4.500E+02 4.319E+00 2.315E−01 3.206E+02 3.441E+02 7.315E−02 3.206E+02 3.441E+02 7.315E−02 1.405E+00 4.000E+01 6.000E+02 4.669E+00 2.142E−01 3.531E+02 3.850E+02 9.031E−02 3.531E+02 3.850E+02 9.031E−02 1.701E+00 5.000E+01 7.500E+02 4.895E+00 2.043E−01 3.819E+02 4.215E+02 1.036E−01 3.816E+02 4.208E+02 1.029E−01 1.965E+00 6.000E+01 9.000E+02 5.044E+00 1.983E−01 4.080E+02 4.546E+02 1.142E−01 4.049E+02 4.488E+02 1.084E−01 2.207E+00 7.000E+01 1.050E+03 5.142E+00 1.945E−01 4.320E+02 4.849E+02 1.226E−01 4.247E+02 4.717E+02 1.106E−01 2.432E+00 8.000E+01 1.200E+03 5.206E+00 1.921E−01 4.542E+02 5.129E+02 1.294E−01 4.420E+02 4.913E+02 1.116E−01 2.644E+00 9.000E+01 1.350E+03 5.245E+00 1.906E−01 4.748E+02 5.389E+02 1.350E−01 4.575E+02 5.087E+02 1.119E−01 2.844E+00 1.000E+02 1.500E+03 5.267E+00 1.899E−01 4.942E+02 5.632E+02 1.395E−01 4.716E+02 5.244E+02 1.119E−01 3.036E+00

2.000E+02 3.000E+03 5.304E+00 1.885E−01 6.424E+02 7.426E+02 1.559E−01 5.722E+02 6.341E+02 1.082E−01 4.671E+00 3.000E+02 4.500E+03 5.330E+00 1.876E−01 7.425E+02 8.548E+02 1.512E−01 6.351E+02 6.991E+02 1.007E−01 6.062E+00 4.000E+02 6.000E+03 5.317E+00 1.881E−01 8.144E+02 9.284E+02 1.400E−01 6.768E+02 7.383E+02 9.078E−02 7.358E+00

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

4.000E+02 6.000E+03 5.317E+00 1.881E−01 8.144E+02 9.284E+02 1.400E−01 6.768E+02 7.383E+02 9.078E−02 7.358E+00 5.000E+02 7.500E+03 5.266E+00 1.899E−01 8.672E+02 9.765E+02 1.261E−01 7.033E+02 7.593E+02 7.960E−02 8.651E+00 6.000E+02 9.000E+03 5.180E+00 1.930E−01 9.038E+02 1.005E+03 1.117E−01 7.166E+02 7.660E+02 6.890E−02 9.961E+00 7.000E+02 1.050E+04 5.076E+00 1.970E−01 9.291E+02 1.021E+03 9.861E−02 7.209E+02 7.643E+02 6.028E−02 1.130E+01 8.000E+02 1.200E+04 4.962E+00 2.016E−01 9.462E+02 1.029E+03 8.739E−02 7.188E+02 7.577E+02 5.411E−02 1.269E+01 9.000E+02 1.350E+04 4.843E+00 2.065E−01 9.571E+02 1.032E+03 7.796E−02 7.122E+02 7.481E+02 5.033E−02 1.411E+01 1.000E+03 1.500E+04 4.723E+00 2.117E−01 9.635E+02 1.031E+03 7.012E−02 7.024E+02 7.367E+02 4.876E−02 1.557E+01 1.500E+03 2.250E+04 4.157E+00 2.405E−01 9.553E+02 1.001E+03 4.777E−02 6.404E+02 6.772E+02 5.761E−02 2.356E+01 2.000E+03 3.000E+04 3.684E+00 2.715E−01 9.185E+02 9.568E+02 4.165E−02 5.869E+02 6.286E+02 7.113E−02 3.268E+01 3.000E+03 4.500E+04 2.978E+00 3.358E−01 8.300E+02 8.705E+02 4.886E−02 5.029E+02 5.539E+02 1.014E−01 5.425E+01 4.000E+03 6.000E+04 2.489E+00 4.018E−01 7.487E+02 7.978E+02 6.569E−02 4.405E+02 4.985E+02 1.316E−01 8.020E+01 5.000E+03 7.500E+04 2.133E+00 4.688E−01 6.797E+02 7.377E+02 8.539E−02 3.925E+02 4.554E+02 1.602E−01 1.104E+02 6.000E+03 9.000E+04 1.863E+00 5.367E−01 6.217E+02 6.874E+02 1.057E−01 3.544E+02 4.207E+02 1.869E−01 1.449E+02 7.000E+03 1.050E+05 1.652E+00 6.054E−01 5.726E+02 6.448E+02 1.260E−01 3.234E+02 3.919E+02 2.119E−01 1.835E+02 8.000E+03 1.200E+05 1.482E+00 6.748E−01 5.307E+02 6.080E+02 1.458E−01 2.975E+02 3.675E+02 2.354E−01 2.263E+02 9.000E+03 1.350E+05 1.342E+00 7.450E−01 4.945E+02 5.760E+02 1.649E−01 2.756E+02 3.466E+02 2.574E−01 2.733E+02 1.000E+04 1.500E+05 1.226E+00 8.159E−01 4.629E+02 5.478E+02 1.834E−01 2.569E+02 3.284E+02 2.782E−01 3.243E+02 1.500E+04 2.250E+05 8.478E−01 1.179E+00 3.515E+02 4.449E+02 2.658E−01 1.925E+02 2.632E+02 3.668E−01 6.408E+02 2.000E+04 3.000E+05 6.431E−01 1.555E+00 2.840E+02 3.789E+02 3.341E−01 1.548E+02 2.223E+02 4.362E−01 1.057E+03 3.000E+04 4.500E+05 4.294E−01 2.329E+00 2.066E+02 2.976E+02 4.404E−01 1.123E+02 1.727E+02 5.374E−01 2.181E+03 4.000E+04 6.000E+05 3.201E−01 3.124E+00 1.632E+02 2.483E+02 5.213E−01 8.900E+01 1.431E+02 6.081E−01 3.680E+03 5.000E+04 7.500E+05 2.563E−01 3.902E+00 1.365E+02 2.153E+02 5.773E−01 7.444E+01 1.236E+02 6.598E−01 5.497E+03 6.000E+04 9.000E+05 2.142E−01 4.669E+00 1.181E+02 1.911E+02 6.187E−01 6.435E+01 1.094E+02 7.001E−01 7.626E+03 7.000E+04 1.050E+06 1.843E−01 5.426E+00 1.046E+02 1.727E+02 6.515E−01 5.692E+01 9.863E+01 7.328E−01 1.005E+04 8.000E+04 1.200E+06 1.620E−01 6.171E+00 9.422E+01 1.581E+02 6.775E−01 5.122E+01 9.013E+01 7.595E−01 1.274E+04 9.000E+04 1.350E+06 1.448E−01 6.904E+00 8.604E+01 1.461E+02 6.985E−01 4.671E+01 8.322E+01 7.817E−01 1.570E+04 1.000E+05 1.500E+06 1.312E−01 7.623E+00 7.939E+01 1.362E+02 7.156E−01 4.303E+01 7.748E+01 8.004E−01 1.891E+04 1.500E+05 2.250E+06 9.062E−02 1.104E+01 5.882E+01 1.038E+02 7.644E−01 3.163E+01 5.883E+01 8.599E−01 3.828E+04 2.000E+05 3.000E+06 7.061E−02 1.416E+01 4.808E+01 8.562E+01 7.808E−01 2.566E+01 4.843E+01 8.874E−01 6.244E+04 3.000E+05 4.500E+06 5.078E−02 1.969E+01 3.691E+01 6.551E+01 7.751E−01 1.945E+01 3.692E+01 8.987E−01 1.220E+05 4.000E+05 6.000E+06 4.090E−02 2.445E+01 3.109E+01 5.442E+01 7.506E−01 1.622E+01 3.056E+01 8.838E−01 1.931E+05 5.000E+05 7.500E+06 3.497E−02 2.860E+01 2.750E+01 4.731E+01 7.200E−01 1.425E+01 2.647E+01 8.577E−01 2.729E+05 6.000E+05 9.000E+06 3.100E−02 3.225E+01 2.506E+01 4.231E+01 6.883E−01 1.291E+01 2.359E+01 8.268E−01 3.593E+05 7.000E+05 1.050E+07 2.815E−02 3.552E+01 2.329E+01 3.861E+01 6.576E−01 1.195E+01 2.144E+01 7.945E−01 4.510E+05 8.000E+05 1.200E+07 2.601E−02 3.845E+01 2.195E+01 3.574E+01 6.283E−01 1.122E+01 1.978E+01 7.619E−01 5.470E+05 9.000E+05 1.350E+07 2.433E−02 4.110E+01 2.089E+01 3.344E+01 6.008E−01 1.066E+01 1.844E+01 7.303E−01 6.465E+05 1.000E+06 1.500E+07 2.298E−02 4.352E+01 2.004E+01 3.157E+01 5.752E−01 1.021E+01 1.735E+01 6.999E−01 7.488E+05

OXYGEN-16 IONS: A=16 Z=8 (a) Instantaneous Data

∆M=−4.73702 MeV Mc2=1.4899E+04 MeV

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

1.000E−01 1.600E+00 2.148E−07 0.000E+00 1.456E−01 6.866E+00 1.663E+02 1.663E+02 1.467E−02 1.357E+02 1.500E−01 2.400E+00 3.222E−07 0.000E+00 2.028E−01 4.931E+00 1.772E+02 1.772E+02 1.928E−02 1.193E+02 2.000E−01 3.200E+00 4.296E−07 0.000E+00 2.670E−01 3.745E+00 1.850E+02 1.850E+02 2.367E−02 1.092E+02 3.000E−01 4.800E+00 6.443E−07 0.000E+00 3.680E−01 2.717E+00 1.923E+02 1.923E+02 3.210E−02 9.698E+01 4.000E−01 6.400E+00 8.591E−07 0.000E+00 4.800E−01 2.083E+00 1.968E+02 1.968E+02 4.030E−02 8.945E+01 5.000E−01 8.000E+00 1.074E−06 0.000E+00 5.788E−01 1.728E+00 1.991E+02 1.991E+02 4.837E−02 8.421E+01 6.000E−01 9.600E+00 1.289E−06 0.000E+00 6.534E−01 1.531E+00 2.003E+02 2.003E+02 5.637E−02 8.028E+01

7.718E+01 8.000E−01 1.280E+01 1.718E−06 0.000E+00 8.422E−01 1.187E+00 2.023E+02 2.023E+02 7.224E−02 7.465E+01 9.000E−01 1.440E+01 1.933E−06 0.000E+00 9.232E−01 1.083E+00 2.029E+02 2.029E+02 8.013E−02 7.254E+01 1.000E+00 1.600E+01 2.148E−06 0.000E+00 1.006E+00 9.938E−01 2.035E+02 2.035E+02 8.800E−02 7.073E+01 1.500E+00 2.400E+01 3.222E−06 0.000E+00 1.340E+00 7.462E−01 2.064E+02 2.064E+02 1.270E−01 6.448E+01 2.000E+00 3.200E+01 4.296E−06 0.000E+00 1.691E+00 5.914E−01 2.106E+02 2.106E+02 1.653E−01 6.065E+01 3.000E+00 4.800E+01 6.443E−06 0.000E+00 2.199E+00 4.547E−01 2.194E+02 2.194E+02 2.394E−01 5.598E+01 4.000E+00 6.400E+01 8.591E−06 0.000E+00 2.710E+00 3.691E−01 2.315E+02 2.315E+02 3.100E−01 5.312E+01 5.000E+00 8.000E+01 1.074E−05 0.000E+00 3.118E+00 3.207E−01 2.434E+02 2.434E+02 3.772E−01 5.112E+01 6.000E+00 9.600E+01 1.289E−05 0.000E+00 3.404E+00 2.938E−01 2.528E+02 2.528E+02 4.411E−01 4.962E+01 7.000E+00 1.120E+02 1.503E−05 0.000E+00 3.789E+00 2.639E−01 2.671E+02 2.671E+02 5.021E−01 4.844E+01 8.000E+00 1.280E+02 1.718E−05 0.000E+00 4.044E+00 2.473E−01 2.778E+02 2.778E+02 5.606E−01 4.748E+01 9.000E+00 1.440E+02 1.933E−05 0.000E+00 4.286E+00 2.333E−01 2.888E+02 2.888E+02 6.167E−01 4.668E+01 1.000E+01 1.600E+02 2.148E−05 0.000E+00 4.515E+00 2.215E−01 3.002E+02 3.002E+02 6.706E−01 4.599E+01 1.500E+01 2.400E+02 3.222E−05 0.000E+00 5.262E+00 1.900E−01 3.464E+02 3.464E+02 9.150E−01 4.361E+01 2.000E+01 3.200E+02 4.295E−05 0.000E+00 5.797E+00 1.725E−01 3.952E+02 3.952E+02 1.128E+00 4.215E+01 3.000E+01 4.800E+02 6.443E−05 0.000E+00 6.227E+00 1.606E−01 4.652E+02 4.652E+02 1.495E+00 4.037E+01 4.000E+01 6.400E+02 8.591E−05 0.000E+00 6.360E+00 1.572E−01 5.356E+02 5.356E+02 1.810E+00 3.928E+01 5.000E+01 8.000E+02 1.074E−04 0.000E+00 6.314E+00 1.584E−01 5.922E+02 5.811E+02 2.092E+00 3.852E+01 6.000E+01 9.600E+02 1.289E−04 0.000E+00 6.220E+00 1.608E−01 6.321E+02 6.006E+02 2.350E+00 3.795E+01 7.000E+01 1.120E+03 1.503E−04 0.000E+00 6.030E+00 1.658E−01 6.867E+02 6.288E+02 2.590E+00 3.750E+01 8.000E+01 1.280E+03 1.718E−04 0.000E+00 5.870E+00 1.704E−01 7.238E+02 6.488E+02 2.816E+00 3.714E+01 9.000E+01 1.440E+03 1.933E−04 0.000E+00 5.696E+00 1.756E−01 7.595E+02 6.685E+02 3.030E+00 3.683E+01 1.000E+02 1.600E+03 2.147E−04 0.000E+00 5.512E+00 1.814E−01 7.941E+02 6.880E+02 3.234E+00 3.657E+01 1.500E+02 2.400E+03 3.221E−04 0.000E+00 5.360E+00 1.866E−01 9.154E+02 7.577E+02 4.158E+00 3.566E+01 2.000E+02 3.200E+03 4.294E−04 0.000E+00 5.437E+00 1.839E−01 1.016E+03 8.144E+02 4.978E+00 3.511E+01 3.000E+02 4.800E+03 6.440E−04 0.000E+00 5.378E+00 1.859E−01 1.117E+03 8.638E+02 6.461E+00 3.443E+01 4.000E+02 6.400E+03 8.586E−04 0.000E+00 5.142E+00 1.945E−01 1.166E+03 8.697E+02 7.844E+00 3.402E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

4.000E+02 6.400E+03 8.586E−04 0.000E+00 5.142E+00 1.945E−01 1.166E+03 8.697E+02 7.844E+00 3.402E+01 5.000E+02 8.000E+03 1.073E−03 2.637E+04 4.803E+00 2.082E−01 1.159E+03 8.319E+02 9.223E+00 3.373E+01 6.000E+02 9.600E+03 1.287E−03 2.445E+04 4.529E+00 2.208E−01 1.139E+03 7.906E+02 1.062E+01 3.351E+01 7.000E+02 1.120E+04 1.502E−03 2.207E+04 4.162E+00 2.403E−01 1.102E+03 7.275E+02 1.205E+01 3.334E+01 8.000E+02 1.280E+04 1.716E−03 2.059E+04 3.921E+00 2.550E−01 1.073E+03 6.815E+02 1.353E+01 3.320E+01 9.000E+02 1.440E+04 1.930E−03 1.925E+04 3.695E+00 2.707E−01 1.043E+03 6.352E+02 1.505E+01 3.308E+01 1.000E+03 1.600E+04 2.144E−03 1.802E+04 3.482E+00 2.872E−01 1.011E+03 5.887E+02 1.661E+01 3.298E+01 1.500E+03 2.400E+04 3.214E−03 1.419E+04 2.784E+00 3.591E−01 8.903E+02 4.877E+02 2.513E+01 3.264E+01 2.000E+03 3.200E+04 4.282E−03 1.139E+04 2.251E+00 4.443E−01 7.782E+02 4.222E+02 3.485E+01 3.243E+01 3.000E+03 4.800E+04 6.412E−03 8.604E+03 1.704E+00 5.870E−01 6.441E+02 3.463E+02 5.786E+01 3.217E+01 4.000E+03 6.400E+04 8.536E−03 6.682E+03 1.320E+00 7.575E−01 5.366E+02 2.869E+02 8.554E+01 3.201E+01 5.000E+03 8.000E+04 1.065E−02 5.528E+03 1.088E+00 9.188E−01 4.651E+02 2.480E+02 1.178E+02 3.190E+01 6.000E+03 9.600E+04 1.276E−02 4.863E+03 9.544E−01 1.048E+00 4.212E+02 2.243E+02 1.545E+02 3.182E+01 7.000E+03 1.120E+05 1.487E−02 4.320E+03 8.449E−01 1.184E+00 3.836E+02 2.041E+02 1.957E+02 3.175E+01 8.000E+03 1.280E+05 1.696E−02 3.667E+03 7.133E−01 1.402E+00 3.364E+02 1.789E+02 2.414E+02 3.170E+01 9.000E+03 1.440E+05 1.905E−02 3.295E+03 6.385E−01 1.566E+00 3.083E+02 1.640E+02 2.915E+02 3.166E+01 1.000E+04 1.600E+05 2.114E−02 2.975E+03 5.740E−01 1.742E+00 2.834E+02 1.508E+02 3.460E+02 3.162E+01 1.500E+04 2.400E+05 3.145E−02 2.085E+03 3.957E−01 2.527E+00 2.101E+02 1.123E+02 6.835E+02 3.149E+01 2.000E+04 3.200E+05 4.161E−02 1.539E+03 2.870E−01 3.484E+00 1.617E+02 8.693E+01 1.128E+03 3.141E+01 3.000E+04 4.800E+05 6.145E−02 1.075E+03 1.953E−01 5.121E+00 1.176E+02 6.403E+01 2.326E+03 3.131E+01

3.125E+01 5.000E+04 8.000E+05 9.932E−02 6.447E+02 1.151E−01 8.687E+00 7.594E+01 4.124E+01 5.864E+03 3.121E+01 6.000E+04 9.600E+05 1.174E−01 5.623E+02 1.001E−01 9.995E+00 6.761E+01 3.663E+01 8.134E+03 3.117E+01 7.000E+04 1.120E+06 1.349E−01 4.975E+02 8.832E−02 1.132E+01 6.097E+01 3.294E+01 1.072E+04 3.115E+01 8.000E+04 1.280E+06 1.520E−01 4.228E+02 7.489E−02 1.335E+01 5.319E+01 2.859E+01 1.359E+04 3.113E+01 9.000E+04 1.440E+06 1.685E−01 3.817E+02 6.754E−02 1.481E+01 4.884E+01 2.616E+01 1.675E+04 3.111E+01 1.000E+05 1.600E+06 1.845E−01 3.470E+02 6.135E−02 1.630E+01 4.512E+01 2.407E+01 2.017E+04 3.110E+01 1.500E+05 2.400E+06 2.582E−01 2.539E+02 4.485E−02 2.230E+01 3.488E+01 1.833E+01 4.083E+04 3.105E+01 2..000E+05 3.200E+06 3.223E−01 1.986E+02 3.508E−02 2.850E+01 2.857E+01 1.480E+01 6.660E+04 3.102E+01 3.000E+05 4.800E+06 4.280E−01 1.525E+02 2.690E−02 3.718E+01 2.311E+01 1.178E+01 1.302E+05 3.098E+01 4.000E+05 6.400E+06 5.107E−01 1.254E+02 2.202E−02 4.541E+01 1.979E+01 9.979E+00 2.060E+05 3.096E+01 5.000E+05 8.000E+06 5.767E−01 1.142E+02 1.999E−02 5.003E+01 1.839E+01 9.235E+00 2.910E+05 3.094E+01 6.000E+05 9.600E+06 6.302E−01 1.030E+02 1.792E−02 5.580E+01 1.698E+01 8.498E+00 3.833E+05 3.093E+01 7.000E+05 1.120E+07 6.741E−01 9.694E+01 1.679E−02 5.957E+01 1.621E+01 8.106E+00 4.811E+05 3.092E+01 8.000E+05 1.280E+07 7.107E−01 9.008E+01 1.547E−02 6.462E+01 1.533E+01 7.672E+00 5.835E+05 3.091E+01 9.000E+05 1.440E+07 7.414E−01 8.637E+01 1.475E−02 6.779E+01 1.486E+01 7.447E+00 6.896E+05 3.091E+01 1.000E+06 1.600E+07 7.675E−01 8.486E+01 1.445E−02 6.920E+01 1.467E+01 7.357E+00 7.987E+05 3.090E+01

(b) Equilibrium Values

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

1.000E−01 1.600E+00 6.878E−02 1.454E+01 1.265E+02 1.355E+02 7.114E−02 1.265E+02 1.355E+02 7.114E−02 1.467E−02 1.500E−01 2.400E+00 9.906E−02 1.010E+01 1.392E+02 1.483E+02 6.531E−02 1.392E+02 1.483E+02 6.531E−02 1.928E−02 2.000E−01 3.200E+00 1.284E−01 7.786E+00 1.480E+02 1.569E+02 5.976E−02 1.480E+02 1.569E+02 5.976E−02 2.367E−02 3.000E−01 4.800E+00 1.851E−01 5.404E+00 1.598E+02 1.679E+02 5.066E−02 1.598E+02 1.679E+02 5.066E−02 3.210E−02 4.000E−01 6.400E+00 2.394E−01 4.177E+00 1.675E+02 1.748E+02 4.379E−02 1.675E+02 1.748E+02 4.379E−02 4.030E−02 5.000E−01 8.000E+00 2.918E−01 3.427E+00 1.728E+02 1.795E+02 3.849E−02 1.728E+02 1.795E+02 3.849E−02 4.837E−02 6.000E−01 9.600E+00 3.425E−01 2.919E+00 1.769E+02 1.829E+02 3.430E−02 1.769E+02 1.829E+02 3.430E−02 5.637E−02 7.000E−01 1.120E+01 3.918E−01 2.552E+00 1.800E+02 1.855E+02 3.092E−02 1.800E+02 1.855E+02 3.092E−02 6.432E−02 8.000E−01 1.280E+01 4.397E−01 2.274E+00 1.825E+02 1.876E+02 2.814E−02 1.825E+02 1.876E+02 2.814E−02 7.224E−02 9.000E−01 1.440E+01 4.863E−01 2.057E+00 1.845E+02 1.893E+02 2.582E−02 1.845E+02 1.893E+02 2.582E−02 8.013E−02 1.000E+00 1.600E+01 5.317E−01 1.881E+00 1.863E+02 1.907E+02 2.387E−02 1.863E+02 1.907E+02 2.387E−02 8.800E−02 1.500E+00 2.400E+01 7.434E−01 1.345E+00 1.922E+02 1.955E+02 1.751E−02 1.922E+02 1.955E+02 1.751E−02 1.270E−01 2.000E+00 3.200E+01 9.340E−01 1.071E+00 1.961E+02 1.989E+02 1.416E−02 1.961E+02 1.989E+02 1.416E−02 1.653E−01 3.000E+00 4.800E+01 1.267E+00 7.891E−01 2.022E+02 2.045E+02 1.124E−02 2.022E+02 2.045E+02 1.124E−02 2.394E−01 4.000E+00 6.400E+01 1.553E+00 6.440E−01 2.078E+02 2.100E+02 1.068E−02 2.078E+02 2.100E+02 1.068E−02 3.100E−01 5.000E+00 8.000E+01 1.803E+00 5.547E−01 2.133E+02 2.157E+02 1.136E−02 2.133E+02 2.157E+02 1.136E−02 3.772E−01 6.000E+00 9.600E+01 2.025E+00 4.939E−01 2.186E+02 2.214E+02 1.280E−02 2.186E+02 2.214E+02 1.280E−02 4.411E−01 7.000E+00 1.120E+02 2.224E+00 4.496E−01 2.239E+02 2.272E+02 1.476E-02 2.239E+02 2.272E+02 1.476E−02 5.021E−01 8.000E+00 1.280E+02 2.405E+00 4.159E−01 2.292E+02 2.331E+02 1.705E−02 2.292E+02 2.331E+02 1.705E−02 5.606E−01 9.000E+00 1.440E+02 2.569E+00 3.892E−01 2.343E+02 2.388E+02 1.957E−02 2.343E+02 2.388E+02 1.957E−02 6.167E−01 1.000E+01 1.600E+02 2.720E+00 3.676E−01 2.393E+02 2.446E+02 2.224E−02 2.393E+02 2.446E+02 2.224E−02 6.706E−01 1.500E+01 2.400E+02 3.323E+00 3.009E−01 2.628E+02 2.723E+02 3.622E−02 2.628E+02 2.723E+02 3.622E−02 9.150E−01 2.000E+01 3.200E+02 3.754E+00 2.664E−01 2.841E+02 2.982E+02 4.951E−02 2.841E+02 2.982E+02 4.951E−02 1.128E+00 3.000E+01 4.800E+02 4.324E+00 2.313E−01 3.215E+02 3.445E+02 7.176E−02 3.215E+02 3.445E+02 7.176E−02 1.495E+00 4.000E+01 6.400E+02 4.674E+00 2.140E−01 3.539E+02 3.853E+02 8.894E−02 3.539E+02 3.853E+02 8.894E−02 1.810E+00 5.000E+01 8.000E+02 4.899E+00 2.041E−01 3.827E+02 4.218E+02 1.023E−01 3.824E+02 4.213E+02 1.017E−01 2.092E+00 6.000E+01 9.600E+02 5.048E+00 1.981E−01 4.088E+02 4.549E+02 1.129E−01 4.057E+02 4.492E+02 1.072E−01 2.350E+00 7.000E+01 1.120E+03 5.146E+00 1.943E−01 4.327E+02 4.852E+02 1.214E−01 4.254E+02 4.720E+02 1.095E−01 2.590E+00 8.000E+01 1.280E+03 5.209E+00 1.920E−01 4.548E+02 5.131E+02 1.282E−01 4.427E+02 4.916E+02 1.104E−01 2.816E+00 9.000E+01 1.440E+03 5.248E+00 1.905E−01 4.755E+02 5.391E+02 1.338E−01 4.582E+02 5.089E+02 1.108E−01 3.030E+00 1.000E+02 1.600E+03 5.269E+00 1.898E−01 4.948E+02 5.633E+02 1.384E−01 4.723E+02 5.246E+02 1.109E−01 3.234E+00 1.500E+02 2.400E+03 5.283E+00 1.893E−01 5.774E+02 6.648E+02 1.514E−01 5.294E+02 5.874E+02 1.097E−01 4.158E+00 2.000E+02 3.200E+03 5.305E+00 1.885E−01 6.430E+02 7.427E+02 1.551E−01 5.727E+02 6.342E+02 1.074E−01 4.978E+00

4.000E+02 6.400E+03 5.317E+00 1.881E−01 8.149E+02 9.285E+02 1.394E−01 6.771E+02 7.382E+02 9.024E−02 7.844E+00 (b)Equilibrium Values

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

4.000E+02 6.400E+03 5.317E+00 1.881E−01 8.149E+02 9.285E+02 1.394E−01 6.771E+02 7.382E+02 9.024E−02 7.844E+00 5.000E+02 8.000E+03 5.265E+00 1.899E−01 8.675E+02 9.765E+02 1.256E−01 7.035E+02 7.592E+02 7.912E−02 9.223E+00 6.000E+02 9.600E+03 5.180E+00 1.931E−01 9.041E+02 1.005E+03 1.112E−01 7.167E+02 7.658E+02 6.849E−02 1.062E+01 7.000E+02 1.120E+04 5.075E+00 1.970E−01 9.294E+02 1.021E+03 9.823E−02 7.210E+02 7.642E+02 5.991E−02 1.205E+01 8.000E+02 1.280E+04 4.961E+00 2.016E−01 9.465E+02 1.029E+03 8.706E−02 7.189E+02 7.575E+02 5.378E−02 1.353E+01 9.000E+02 1.440E+04 4.842E+00 2.065E−01 9.574E+02 1.032E+03 7.766E−02 7.123E+02 7.479E+02 5.003E−02 1.505E+01 1.000E+03 1.600E+04 4.721E+00 2.118E−01 9.634E+02 1.031E+03 7.012E−02 7.023E+02 7.365E+02 4.874E−02 1.661E+01 1.500E+03 2.400E+04 4.156E+00 2.406E−01 9.554E+02 1.001E+03 4.762E−02 6.405E+02 6.772E+02 5.732E−02 2.513E+01 2.000E+03 3.200E+04 3.683E+00 2.715E−01 9.186E+02 9.568E+02 4.152E−02 5.870E+02 6.286E+02 7.093E−02 3.485E+01 3.000E+03 4.800E+04 2.977E+00 3.359E−01 8.299E+02 8.705E+02 4.887E−02 5.028E+02 5.538E+02 1.015E−01 5.786E+01 4.000E+03 6.400E+04 2.488E+00 4.019E−01 7.487E+02 7.978E+02 6.563E−02 4.404E+02 4.984E+02 1.317E−01 8.554E+01 5.000E+03 8.000E+04 2.133E+00 4.689E−01 6.797E+02 7.377E+02 8.531E−02 3.925E+02 4.554E+02 1.602E−01 1.178E+02 6.000E+03 9.600E+04 1.863E+00 5.368E−01 6.217E+02 6.874E+02 1.057E−01 3.543E+02 4.206E+02 1.870E−01 1.545E+02 7.000E+03 1.120E+05 1.652E+00 6.054E−01 5.727E+02 6.448E+02 1.259E−01 3.233E+02 3.918E+02 2.120E−01 1.957E+02 8.000E+03 1.280E+05 1.482E+00 6.749E−01 5.307E+02 6.080E+02 1.457E−01 2.975E+02 3.675E+02 2.355E−01 2.414E+02 9.000E+03 1.440E+05 1.342E+00 7.451E−01 4.945E+02 5.760E+02 1.649E−01 2.756E+02 3.465E+02 2.575E−01 2.915E+02 1.000E+04 1.600E+05 1.226E+00 8.160E−01 4.629E+02 5.478E+02 1.833E−01 2.568E+02 3.283E+02 2.783E−01 3.460E+02 1.500E+04 2.400E+05 8.477E−01 1.180E+00 3.515E+02 4.449E+02 2.659E−01 1.925E+02 2.631E+02 3.671E−01 6.835E+02 2.000E+04 3.200E+05 6.430E−01 1.555E+00 2.841E+02 3.789E+02 3.340E−01 1.547E+02 2.223E+02 4.364E−01 1.128E+03 3.000E+04 4.800E+05 4.293E−01 2.329E+00 2.066E+02 2.976E+02 4.405E−01 1.123E+02 1.727E+02 5.377E−01 2.326E+03 4.000E+04 6.400E+05 3.201E−01 3.124E+00 1.632E+02 2.483E+02 5.212E−01 8.897E+01 1.431E+02 6.083E−01 3.926E+03 5.000E+04 8.000E+05 2.565E−01 3.899E+00 1.366E+02 2.152E+02 5.753E−01 7.441E+01 1.235E+02 6.599E−01 5.864E+03 6.000E+04 9.600E+05 2.143E−01 4.667E+00 1.182E+02 1.911E+02 6.175E−01 6.432E+01 1.094E+02 7.006E−01 8.134E+03 7.000E+04 1.120E+06 1.844E−01 5.423E+00 1.046E+02 1.727E+02 6.502E−01 5.690E+01 9.860E+01 7.329E−01 1.072E+04 8.000E+04 1.280E+06 1.621E−01 6.168E+00 9.428E+01 1.581E+02 6.765E−01 5.121E+01 9.010E+01 7.596E−01 1.359E+04 9.000E+04 1.440E+06 1.449E−01 6.901E+00 8.609E+01 1.461E+02 6.977E−01 4.669E+01 8.319E+01 7.819E−01 1.675E+04 1.000E+05 1.600E+06 1.312E−01 7.620E+00 7.943E+01 1.362E+02 7.149E−01 4.302E+01 7.745E+01 8.005E−01 2.017E+04 1.500E+05 2.400E+06 9.064E−02 1.103E+01 5.884E+01 1.038E+02 7.642E−01 3.162E+01 5.881E+01 8.601E−01 4.083E+04 2.000E+05 3.200E+06 7.063E−02 1.416E+01 4.810E+01 8.565E+01 7.807E−01 2.565E+01 4.841E+01 8.874E−01 6.660E+04 3.000E+05 4.800E+06 5.079E−02 1.969E+01 3.691E+01 6.553E+01 7.754E−01 1.944E+01 3.691E+01 8.988E−01 1.302E+05 4.000E+05 6.400E+06 4.090E−02 2.445E+01 3.109E+01 5.444E+01 7.508E−01 1.622E+01 3.055E+01 8.838E−01 2.060E+05 5.000E+05 8.000E+06 3.497E−02 2.859E+01 2.751E+01 4.732E+01 7.203E−01 1.424E+01 2.646E+01 8.576E−01 2.910E+05 6.000E+05 9.600E+06 3.100E−02 3.226E+01 2.506E+01 4.233E+01 6.887E−01 1.291E+01 2.358E+01 8.268E−01 3.833E+05 7.000E+05 1.120E+07 2.816E−02 3.552E+01 2.329E+01 3.862E+01 6.579E−01 1.195E+01 2.143E+01 7.943E−01 4.811E+05 8.000E+05 1.280E+07 2.601E−02 3.845E+01 2.195E+01 3.575E+01 6.286E−01 1.122E+01 1.977E+01 7.619E−01 5.835E+05 9.000E+05 1.440E+07 2.433E−02 4.110E+01 2.089E+01 3.345E+01 6.010E−01 1.066E+01 1.844E+01 7.301E−01 6.896E+05 1.000E+06 1.600E+07 2.298E−02 4.352E+01 2.004E+01 3.157E+01 5.755E−01 1.021E+01 1.735E+01 6.998E−01 7.987E+05

OXYGEN-17 IONS: A=17 Z=8 (a) Instantaneous Data

∆M=−0.80998 MeV Mc2=1.5835E+04 MeV

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

1.000E−01 1.700E+00 2.147E−07 0.000E+00 1.418E−01 7.053E+00 1.688E+02 1.688E+02 1.513E−02 1.357E+02 1.500E−01 2.550E+00 3.221E−07 0.000E+00 2.077E−01 4.815E+00 1.813E+02 1.813E+02 1.994E−02 1.193E+02 2.000E−01 3.400E+00 4.294E−07 0.000E+00 2.601E−01 3.844E+00 1.876E+02 1.876E+02 2.452E−02 1.092E+02 3.000E−01 5.100E+00 6.442E−07 0.000E+00 3.766E−01 2.655E+00 1.958E+02 1.958E+02 3.333E−02 9.698E+01 4.000E−01 6.800E+00 8.589E−07 0.000E+00 4.680E−01 2.137E+00 1.993E+02 1.993E+02 4.190E−02 8.945E+01 5.000E−01 8.500E+00 1.074E−06 0.000E+00 5.646E−01 1.771E+00 2.016E+02 2.016E+02 5.036E−02 8.421E+01 6.000E−01 1.020E+01 1.288E−06 0.000E+00 6.680E−01 1.497E+00 2.030E+02 2.030E+02 5.875E−02 8.028E+01

7.718E+01 8.000E−01 1.360E+01 1.718E−06 0.000E+00 8.222E−01 1.216E+00 2.044E+02 2.044E+02 7.542E−02 7.465E+01 9.000E−01 1.530E+01 1.932E−06 0.000E+00 9.015E−01 1.109E+00 2.049E+02 2.049E+02 8.372E−02 7.254E+01 1.000E+00 1.700E+01 2.147E−06 0.000E+00 9.828E−01 1.017E+00 2.054E+02 2.054E+02 9.199E−02 7.073E+01 1.500E+00 2.550E+01 3.221E−06 0.000E+00 1.368E+00 7.311E−01 2.082E+02 2.082E+02 1.331E−01 6.448E+01 2.000E+00 3.400E+01 4.294E−06 0.000E+00 1.654E+00 6.044E−01 2.114E+02 2.114E+02 1.735E−01 6.065E+01 3.000E+00 5.100E+01 6.442E−06 0.000E+00 2.241E+00 4.463E−01 2.213E+02 2.213E+02 2.519E−01 5.598E+01 4.000E+00 6.800E+01 8.589E−06 0.000E+00 2.658E+00 3.763E−01 2.309E+02 2.309E+02 3.266E−01 5.312E+01 5.000E+00 8.500E+01 1.074E−05 0.000E+00 3.062E+00 3.266E−01 2.423E+02 2.423E+02 3.977E−01 5.112E+01 6.000E+00 1.020E+02 1.288E−05 0.000E+00 3.458E+00 2.892E−01 2.552E+02 2.552E+02 4.655E−01 4.962E+01 7.000E+00 1.190E+02 1.503E−05 0.000E+00 3.727E+00 2.683E−01 2.652E+02 2.652E+02 5.302E−01 4.844E+01 8.000E+00 1.360E+02 1.718E−05 0.000E+00 3.982E+00 2.511E−01 2.755E+02 2.755E+02 5.922E−01 4.748E+01 9.000E+00 1.530E+02 1.932E−05 0.000E+00 4.223E+00 2.368E−01 2.862E+02 2.862E+02 6.517E−01 4.668E+01 1.000E+01 1.700E+02 2.147E−05 0.000E+00 4.452E+00 2.246E−01 2.973E+02 2.973E+02 7.090E−01 4.599E+01 1.500E+01 2.550E+02 3.221E−05 0.000E+00 5.313E+00 1.882E−01 3.505E+02 3.505E+02 9.685E−01 4.361E+01 2.000E+01 3.400E+02 4.294E−05 0.000E+00 5.752E+00 1.738E−01 3.903E+02 3.903E+02 1.195E+00 4.215E+01 3.000E+01 5.100E+02 6.441E−05 0.000E+00 6.248E+00 1.600E−01 4.710E+02 4.710E+02 1.584E+00 4.037E+01 4.000E+01 6.800E+02 8.588E−05 0.000E+00 6.358E+00 1.573E−01 5.285E+02 5.285E+02 1.919E+00 3.928E+01 5.000E+01 8.500E+02 1.074E−04 0.000E+00 6.328E+00 1.580E−01 5.844E+02 5.775E+02 2.219E+00 3.852E+01 6.000E+01 1.020E+03 1.288E−04 0.000E+00 6.199E+00 1.613E−01 6.397E+02 6.045E+02 2.493E+00 3.795E+01 7.000E+01 1.190E+03 1.503E−04 0.000E+00 6.066E+00 1.649E−01 6.780E+02 6.243E+02 2.748E+00 3.750E+01 8.000E+01 1.360E+03 1.718E−04 0.000E+00 5.912E+00 1.691E−01 7.147E+02 6.439E+02 2.987E+00 3.714E+01 9.000E+01 1.530E+03 1.932E−04 0.000E+00 5.744E+00 1.741E−01 7.502E+02 6.634E+02 3.215E+00 3.683E+01 1.000E+02 1.700E+03 2.147E−04 0.000E+00 5.565E+00 1.797E−01 7.846E+02 6.827E+02 3.432E+00 3.657E+01 1.500E+02 2.550E+03 3.220E−04 0.000E+00 5.370E+00 1.862E−01 9.243E+02 7.629E+02 4.414E+00 3.566E+01 2.000E+02 3.400E+03 4.293E−04 0.000E+00 5.434E+00 1.840E−01 1.006E+03 8.094E+02 5.285E+00 3.511E+01 3.000E+02 5.100E+03 6.438E−04 0.000E+00 5.366E+00 1.864E−01 1.123E+03 8.660E+02 6.861E+00 3.443E+01 4.000E+02 6.800E+03 8.583E−04 0.000E+00 5.174E+00 1.933E−01 1.164E+03 8.714E+02 8.339E+00 3.402E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

4.000E+02 6.800E+03 8.583E−04 0.000E+00 5.174E+00 1.933E−01 1.164E+03 8.714E+02 8.339E+00 3.402E+01 5.000E+02 8.500E+03 1.073E−03 2.677E+04 4.858E+00 2.059E−01 1.163E+03 8.396E+02 9.796E+00 3.373E+01 6.000E+02 1.020E+04 1.287E−03 2.411E+04 4.478E+00 2.233E−01 1.134E+03 7.824E+02 1.128E+01 3.351E+01 7.000E+02 1.190E+04 1.501E−03 2.244E+04 4.221E+00 2.369E−01 1.108E+03 7.382E+02 1.280E+01 3.334E+01 8.000E+02 1.360E+04 1.716E−03 2.095E+04 3.980E+00 2.513E−01 1.080E+03 6.932E+02 1.437E+01 3.320E+01 9.000E+02 1.530E+04 1.930E−03 1.960E+04 3.754E+00 2.664E−01 1.051E+03 6.476E+02 1.598E+01 3.308E+01 1.000E+03 1.700E+04 2.144E−03 1.836E+04 3.540E+00 2.825E−01 1.020E+03 6.018E+02 1.764E+01 3.298E+01 1.500E+03 2.550E+04 3.213E−03 1.394E+04 2.736E+00 3.655E−01 8.808E+02 4.822E+02 2.670E+01 3.264E+01 2.000E+03 3.400E+04 4.281E−03 1.164E+04 2.299E+00 4.349E−01 7.891E+02 4.286E+02 3.702E+01 3.243E+01 3.000E+03 5.100E+04 6.411E−03 8.425E+03 1.668E+00 5.996E−01 6.345E+02 3.410E+02 6.147E+01 3.217E+01 4.000E+03 6.800E+04 8.534E−03 6.852E+03 1.354E+00 7.386E−01 5.465E+02 2.924E+02 9.088E+01 3.201E+01 5.000E+03 8.500E+04 1.065E−02 5.674E+03 1.117E+00 8.950E−01 4.743E+02 2.530E+02 1.251E+02 3.190E+01 6.000E+03 1.020E+05 1.276E−02 4.750E+03 9.313E−01 1.074E+00 4.133E+02 2.201E+02 1.642E+02 3.182E+01 7.000E+03 1.190E+05 1.486E−02 4.217E+03 8.239E−01 1.214E+00 3.762E+02 2.002E+02 2.080E+02 3.175E+01 8.000E+03 1.360E+05 1.696E−02 3.770E+03 7.340E−01 1.362E+00 3.439E+02 1.830E+02 2.565E+02 3.170E+01 9.000E+03 1.530E+05 1.905E−02 3.390E+03 6.573E−01 1.521E+00 3.154E+02 1.678E+02 3.097E+02 3.166E+01 1.000E+04 1.700E+05 2.113E−02 3.061E+03 5.911E−01 1.692E+00 2.901E+02 1.544E+02 3.676E+02 3.162E+01 1.500E+04 2.550E+05 3.145E−02 2.032E+03 3.850E−01 2.598E+00 2.055E+02 1.098E+02 7.263E+02 3.149E+01 2.000E+04 3.400E+05 4.160E−02 1.585E+03 2.961E−01 3.378E+00 1.658E+02 8.912E+01 1.198E+03 3.141E+01 3.000E+04 5.100E+05 6.143E−02 1.047E+03 1.898E−01 5.268E+00 1.148E+02 6.263E+01 2.472E+03 3.131E+01

3.125E+01 5.000E+04 8.500E+05 9.929E−02 6.632E+02 1.185E−01 8.440E+00 7.777E+01 4.226E+01 6.230E+03 3.121E+01 6.000E+04 1.020E+06 1.174E−01 5.485E+02 9.753E−02 1.025E+01 6.619E+01 3.585E+01 8.643E+03 3.117E+01 7.000E+04 1.190E+06 1.349E−01 4.855E+02 8.614E−02 1.161E+01 5.972E+01 3.225E+01 1.139E+04 3.115E+01 8.000E+04 1.360E+06 1.519E−01 4.344E+02 7.695E−02 1.299E+01 5.440E+01 2.927E+01 1.444E+04 3.113E+01 9.000E+04 1.530E+06 1.685E−01 3.920E+02 6.937E−02 1.442E+01 4.993E+01 2.677E+01 1.779E+04 3.111E+01 1.000E+05 1.700E+06 1.845E−01 3.562E+02 6.299E−02 1.588E+01 4.610E+01 2.463E+01 2.143E+04 3.110E+01 1.500E+05 2.550E+06 2.582E−01 2.484E+02 4.388E−02 2.279E+01 3.426E+01 1.798E+01 4.338E+04 3.105E+01 2.000E+05 3.400E+06 3.223E−01 2.032E+02 3.589E−02 2.786E+01 2.910E+01 1.510E+01 7.077E+04 3.102E+01 3.000E+05 5.100E+06 4.279E−01 1.498E+02 2.641E−02 3.786E+01 2.279E+01 1.160E+01 1.383E+05 3.098E+01 4.000E+05 6.800E+06 5.106E−01 1.276E+02 2.243E−02 4.459E+01 2.007E+01 1.013E+01 2.189E+05 3.096E+01 5.000E+05 8.500E+06 5.766E−01 1.126E+02 1.969E−02 5.079E+01 1.819E+01 9.128E+00 3.092E+05 3.094E+01 6.000E+05 1.020E+07 6.301E−01 1.017E+02 1.768E−02 5.656E+01 1.682E+01 8.413E+00 4.072E+05 3.093E+01 7.000E+05 1.190E+07 6.740E−01 9.582E+01 1.657E−02 6.033E+01 1.607E+01 8.034E+00 5.112E+05 3.092E+01 8.000E+05 1.360E+07 7.106E−01 9.113E+01 1.568E−02 6.379E+01 1.547E+01 7.738E+00 6.200E+05 3.091E+01 9.000E+05 1.530E+07 7.413E−01 8.730E+01 1.493E−02 6.697E+01 1.498E+01 7.502E+00 7.327E+05 3.091E+01 1.000E+06 1.700E+07 7.674E−01 8.411E+01 1.430E−02 6.993E+01 1.457E+01 7.314E+00 8.487E+05 3.090E+01

(b) Equilibrium Values

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

1.000E−01 1.700E+00 6.864E−02 1.457E+01 1.292E+02 1.384E+02 7.177E−02 1.292E+02 1.384E+02 7.177E−02 1.513E−02 1.500E−01 2.550E+00 9.897E−02 1.010E+01 1.421E+02 1.514E+02 6.553E−02 1.421E+02 1.514E+02 6.553E−02 1.994E−02 2.000E−01 3.400E+00 1.284E−01 7.789E+00 1.510E+02 1.600E+02 5.972E−02 1.510E+02 1.600E+02 5.972E−02 2.452E−02 3.000E−01 5.100E+00 1.851E−01 5.401E+00 1.629E+02 1.711E+02 5.032E−02 1.629E+02 1.711E+02 5.032E−02 3.333E−02 4.000E−01 6.800E+00 2.396E−01 4.174E+00 1.705E+02 1.779E+02 4.330E−02 1.705E+02 1.779E+02 4.330E−02 4.190E−02 5.000E−01 8.500E+00 2.921E−01 3.423E+00 1.759E+02 1.825E+02 3.791E−02 1.759E+02 1.825E+02 3.791E−02 5.036E−02 6.000E−01 1.020E+01 3.430E−01 2.915E+00 1.798E+02 1.859E+02 3.367E−02 1.798E+02 1.859E+02 3.367E−02 5.875E−02 7.000E−01 1.190E+01 3.924E−01 2.548E+00 1.829E+02 1.884E+02 3.026E−02 1.829E+02 1.884E+02 3.026E−02 6.710E−02 8.000E−01 1.360E+01 4.404E−01 2.271E+00 1.853E+02 1.904E+02 2.747E−02 1.853E+02 1.904E+02 2.747E−02 7.542E−02 9.000E−01 1.530E+01 4.871E−01 2.053E+00 1.873E+02 1.920E+02 2.514E−02 1.873E+02 1.920E+02 2.514E−02 8.372E−02 1.000E+00 1.700E+01 5.327E−01 1.877E+00 1.890E+02 1.934E+02 2.319E−02 1.890E+02 1.934E+02 2.319E−02 9.199E−02 1.500E+00 2.550E+01 7.450E−01 1.342E+00 1.946E+02 1.979E+02 1.684E−02 1.946E+02 1.979E+02 1.684E−02 1.331E−01 2.000E+00 3.400E+01 9.360E−01 1.068E+00 1.983E+02 2.010E+02 1.351E−02 1.983E+02 2.010E+02 1.351E−02 1.735E−01 3.000E+00 5.100E+01 1.270E+00 7.873E−01 2.041E+02 2.063E+02 1.058E−02 2.041E+02 2.063E+02 1.058E−02 2.519E−01 4.000E+00 6.800E+01 1.556E+00 6.426E−01 2.095E+02 2.116E+02 9.970E−03 2.095E+02 2.116E+02 9.970E−03 3.266E−01 5.000E+00 8.500E+01 1.807E+00 5.535E−01 2.148E+02 2.171E+02 1.059E−02 2.148E+02 2.171E+02 1.059E−02 3.977E−01 6.000E+00 1.020E+02 2.029E+00 4.929E−01 2.200E+02 2.227E+02 1.197E−02 2.200E+02 2.227E+02 1.197E−02 4.655E−01 7.000E+00 1.190E+02 2.229E+00 4.487E−01 2.253E+02 2.284E+02 1.387E−02 2.253E+02 2.284E+02 1.387E−02 5.302E−01 8.000E+00 1.360E+02 2.409E+00 4.151E−01 2.304E+02 2.341E+02 1.611E−02 2.304E+02 2.341E+02 1.611E−02 5.922E−01 9.000E+00 1.530E+02 2.574E+00 3.885E−01 2.354E+02 2.398E+02 1.858E−02 2.354E+02 2.398E+02 1.858E−02 6.517E−01 1.000E+01 1.700E+02 2.725E+00 3.669E−01 2.404E+02 2.455E+02 2.121E−02 2.404E+02 2.455E+02 2.121E−02 7.090E−01 1.500E+01 2.550E+02 3.328E+00 3.004E−01 2.638E+02 2.730E+02 3.506E−02 2.638E+02 2.730E+02 3.506E−02 9.685E−01 2.000E+01 3.400E+02 3.759E+00 2.660E−01 2.850E+02 2.987E+02 4.829E−02 2.850E+02 2.987E+02 4.829E−02 1.195E+00 3.000E+01 5.100E+02 4.330E+00 2.310E−01 3.223E+02 3.450E+02 7.050E−02 3.223E+02 3.450E+02 7.050E−02 1.584E+00 4.000E+01 6.800E+02 4.679E+00 2.137E−01 3.546E+02 3.857E+02 8.771E−02 3.546E+02 3.857E+02 8.771E−02 1.919E+00 5.000E+01 8.500E+02 4.904E+00 2.039E−01 3.833E+02 4.221E+02 1.011E−01 3.830E+02 4.214E+02 1.003E−01 2.219E+00 6.000E+01 1.020E+03 5.053E+00 1.979E−01 4.094E+02 4.552E+02 1.118E−01 4.063E+02 4.493E+02 1.060E−01 2.493E+00 7.000E+01 1.190E+03 5.151E+00 1.942E−01 4.333E+02 4.854E+02 1.203E−01 4.260E+02 4.721E+02 1.084E−01 2.748E+00 8.000E+01 1.360E+03 5.214E+00 1.918E−01 4.554E+02 5.133E+02 1.272E−01 4.432E+02 4.917E+02 1.094E−01 2.987E+00 9.000E+01 1.530E+03 5.253E+00 1.904E−01 4.761E+02 5.393E+02 1.328E−01 4.587E+02 5.091E+02 1.098E−01 3.215E+00 1.000E+02 1.700E+03 5.273E+00 1.896E−01 4.954E+02 5.635E+02 1.374E−01 4.728E+02 5.247E+02 1.099E−01 3.432E+00 1.500E+02 2.550E+03 5.287E+00 1.891E−01 5.779E+02 6.649E+02 1.505E−01 5.298E+02 5.876E+02 1.089E−01 4.414E+00 2.000E+02 3.400E+03 5.308E+00 1.884E−01 6.435E+02 7.428E+02 1.543E−01 5.731E+02 6.343E+02 1.067E−01 5.285E+00

4.000E+02 6.800E+03 5.319E+00 1.880E−01 8.156E+02 9.289E+02 1.389E−01 6.777E+02 7.385E+02 8.976E−02 8.339E+00

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

4.000E+02 6.800E+03 5.319E+00 1.880E−01 8.156E+02 9.289E+02 1.389E−01 6.777E+02 7.385E+02 8.976E−02 8.339E+00 5.000E+02 8.500E+03 5.268E+00 1.898E−01 8.679E+02 9.766E+02 1.252E−01 7.039E+02 7.593E+02 7.878E−02 9.796E+00 6.000E+02 1.020E+04 5.182E+00 1.930E−01 9.045E+02 1.005E+03 1.109E−01 7.171E+02 7.660E+02 6.820E−02 1.128E+01 7.000E+02 1.190E+04 5.077E+00 1.969E−01 9.297E+02 1.021E+03 9.796E−02 7.213E+02 7.643E+02 5.969E−02 1.280E+01 8.000E+02 1.360E+04 4.962E+00 2.015E−01 9.468E+02 1.029E+03 8.679E−02 7.192E+02 7.577E+02 5.356E−02 1.437E+01 9.000E+02 1.530E+04 4.843E+00 2.065E−01 9.577E+02 1.032E+03 7.742E−02 7.125E+02 7.480E+02 4.983E−02 1.598E+01 1.000E+03 1.700E+04 4.723E+00 2.117E−01 9.639E+02 1.031E+03 6.964E−02 7.027E+02 7.366E+02 4.833E−02 1.764E+01 1.500E+03 2.550E+04 4.157E+00 2.405E−01 9.556E+02 1.001E+03 4.746E−02 6.404E+02 6.772E+02 5.735E−02 2.670E+01 2.000E+03 3.400E+04 3.684E+00 2.715E−01 9.187E+02 9.568E+02 4.143E−02 5.869E+02 6.285E+02 7.095E−02 3.702E+01 3.000E+03 5.100E+04 2.978E+00 3.358E−01 8.301E+02 8.706E+02 4.874E−02 5.028E+02 5.538E+02 1.013E−01 6.147E+01 4.000E+03 6.800E+04 2.489E+00 4.018E−01 7.487E+02 7.978E+02 6.559E−02 4.405E+02 4.984E+02 1.316E−01 9.088E+01 5.000E+03 8.500E+04 2.133E+00 4.689E−01 6.797E+02 7.377E+02 8.532E−02 3.925E+02 4.553E+02 1.602E−01 1.251E+02 6.000E+03 1.020E+05 1.863E+00 5.367E−01 6.217E+02 6.875E+02 1.057E−01 3.544E+02 4.206E+02 1.869E−01 1.642E+02 7.000E+03 1.190E+05 1.652E+00 6.054E−01 5.726E+02 6.448E+02 1.260E−01 3.233E+02 3.918E+02 2.119E−01 2.080E+02 8.000E+03 1.360E+05 1.482E+00 6.749E−01 5.307E+02 6.080E+02 1.458E−01 2.975E+02 3.675E+02 2.354E−01 2.565E+02 9.000E+03 1.530E+05 1.342E+00 7.451E−01 4.945E+02 5.760E+02 1.649E−01 2.756E+02 3.465E+02 2.574E−01 3.097E+02 1.000E+04 1.700E+05 1.226E+00 8.160E−01 4.629E+02 5.478E+02 1.834E−01 2.568E+02 3.283E+02 2.782E−01 3.676E+02 1.500E+04 2.550E+05 8.477E−01 1.180E+00 3.515E+02 4.449E+02 2.658E−01 1.925E+02 2.631E+02 3.669E−01 7.263E+02 2.000E+04 3.400E+05 6.430E−01 1.555E+00 2.840E+02 3.789E+02 3.341E−01 1.547E+02 2.223E+02 4.363E−01 1.198E+03 3.000E+04 5.100E+05 4.293E−01 2.329E+00 2.066E+02 2.976E+02 4.405E−01 1.123E+02 1.727E+02 5.375E−01 2.472E+03 4.000E+04 6.800E+05 3.201E−01 3.124E+00 1.632E+02 2.483E+02 5.213E−01 8.898E+01 1.431E+02 6.081E−01 4.171E+03 5.000E+04 8.500E+05 2.563E−01 3.902E+00 1.365E+02 2.153E+02 5.770E−01 7.442E+01 1.235E+02 6.598E−01 6.230E+03 6.000E+04 1.020E+06 2.142E−01 4.669E+00 1.181E+02 1.911E+02 6.185E−01 6.433E+01 1.094E+02 7.002E−01 8.643E+03 7.000E+04 1.190E+06 1.843E−01 5.426E+00 1.046E+02 1.727E+02 6.513E−01 5.691E+01 9.861E+01 7.328E−01 1.139E+04 8.000E+04 1.360E+06 1.620E−01 6.171E+00 9.423E+01 1.581E+02 6.773E−01 5.121E+01 9.011E+01 7.595E−01 1.444E+04 9.000E+04 1.530E+06 1.449E−01 6.904E+00 8.604E+01 1.461E+02 6.984E−01 4.670E+01 8.320E+01 7.817E−01 1.779E+04 1.000E+05 1.700E+06 1.312E−01 7.623E+00 7.939E+01 1.362E+02 7.155E−01 4.302E+01 7.746E+01 8.004E−01 2.143E+04 1.500E+05 2.550E+06 9.062E−02 1.104E+01 5.883E+01 1.038E+02 7.643E−01 3.162E+01 5.882E+01 8.599E−01 4.338E+04 2.000E+05 3.400E+06 7.061E−02 1.416E+01 4.808E+01 8.563E+01 7.808E−01 2.565E+01 4.842E+01 8.874E−01 7.077E+04 3.000E+05 5.100E+06 5.078E−02 1.969E+01 3.691E+01 6.552E+01 7.752E−01 1.944E+01 3.691E+01 8.986E−01 1.383E+05 4.000E+05 6.800E+06 4.090E−02 2.445E+01 3.109E+01 5.442E+01 7.505E−01 1.622E+01 3.055E+01 8.837E−01 2.189E+05 5.000E+05 8.500E+06 3.497E−02 2.859E+01 2.750E+01 4.731E+01 7.200E−01 1.425E+01 2.646E+01 8.575E−01 3.092E+05 6.000E+05 1.020E+07 3.100E−02 3.226E+01 2.506E+01 4.232E+01 6.884E−01 1.291E+01 2.358E+01 8.267E−01 4.072E+05 7.000E+05 1.190E+07 2.816E−02 3.552E+01 2.329E+01 3.861E+01 6.576E−01 1.195E+01 2.144E+01 7.943E−01 5.112E+05 8.000E+05 1.360E+07 2.601E−02 3.845E+01 2.195E+01 3.574E+01 6.283E−01 1.122E+01 1.977E+01 7.618E−01 6.200E+05 9.000E+05 1.530E+07 2.433E−02 4.110E+01 2.089E+01 3.344E+01 6.008E−01 1.066E+01 1.844E+01 7.302E−01 7.327E+05 1.000E+06 1.700E+07 2.298E−02 4.352E+01 2.004E+01 3.157E+01 5.751E−01 1.021E+01 1.735E+01 6.997E−01 8.487E+05

OXYGEN-18 IONS: A=18 Z=8 (a) Instantaneous Data

∆M=−20.78303 MeV Mc2=1.6766E+04 MeV

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

1.000E−01 1.800E+00 2.147E−07 0.000E+00 1.455E−01 6.873E+00 1.729E+02 1.729E+02 1.560E−02 1.357E+02 1.500E−01 2.700E+00 3.221E−07 0.000E+00 2.026E−01 4.936E+00 1.837E+02 1.837E+02 2.060E−02 1.193E+02 2.000E−01 3.600E+00 4.294E−07 0.000E+00 2.667E−01 3.749E+00 1.914E+02 1.914E+02 2.537E−02 1.092E+02 3.000E−01 5.400E+00 6.442E−07 0.000E+00 3.676E−01 2.720E+00 1.983E+02 1.983E+02 3.455E−02 9.698E+01 4.000E−01 7.200E+00 8.589E−07 0.000E+00 4.795E−01 2.085E+00 2.024E+02 2.024E+02 4.351E−02 8.945E+01 5.000E−01 9.000E+00 1.074E−06 0.000E+00 5.782E−01 1.729E+00 2.043E+02 2.043E+02 5.235E−02 8.421E+01 6.000E−01 1.080E+01 1.288E−06 0.000E+00 6.528E−01 1.532E+00 2.052E+02 2.052E+02 6.112E−02 8.028E+01 7.000E−01 1.260E+01 1.503E−06 0.000E+00 7.621E−01 1.312E+00 2.061E+02 2.061E+02 6.987E−02 7.718E+01 8.000E−01 1.440E+01 1.718E−06 0.000E+00 8.415E−01 1.188E+00 2.066E+02 2.066E+02 7.859E−02 7.465E+01

7.254E+01 1.000E+00 1.800E+01 2.147E−06 0.000E+00 1.005E+00 9.947E−01 2.074E+02 2.074E+02 9.597E−02 7.073E+01 1.500E+00 2.700E+01 3.221E−06 0.000E+00 1.339E+00 7.469E−01 2.094E+02 2.094E+02 1.391E−01 6.448E+01 2.000E+00 3.600E+01 4.294E−06 0.000E+00 1.690E+00 5.919E−01 2.131E+02 2.131E+02 1.817E−01 6.065E+01 3.000E+00 5.400E+01 6.442E−06 0.000E+00 2.198E+00 4.550E−01 2.213E+02 2.213E+02 2.643E−01 5.598E+01 4.000E+00 7.200E+01 8.589E−06 0.000E+00 2.708E+00 3.693E−01 2.329E+02 2.329E+02 3.431E−01 5.312E+01 5.000E+00 9.000E+01 1.074E−05 0.000E+00 3.116E+00 3.209E−01 2.445E+02 2.445E+02 4.182E−01 5.112E+01 6.000E+00 1.080E+02 1.288E−05 0.000E+00 3.402E+00 2.940E−01 2.538E+02 2.538E+02 4.898E−01 4.962E+01 7.000E+00 1.260E+02 1.503E−05 0.000E+00 3.786E+00 2.641E−01 2.680E+02 2.680E+02 5.583E−01 4.844E+01 8.000E+00 1.440E+02 1.718E−05 0.000E+00 4.042E+00 2.474E−01 2.785E+02 2.785E+02 6.238E−01 4.748E+01 9.000E+00 1.620E+02 1.932E−05 0.000E+00 4.284E+00 2.334E−01 2.894E+02 2.894E+02 6.867E−01 4.668E+01 1.000E+01 1.800E+02 2.147E−05 0.000E+00 4.512E+00 2.216E−01 3.007E+02 3.007E+02 7.473E−01 4.599E+01 1.500E+01 2.700E+02 3.221E−05 0.000E+00 5.260E+00 1.901E−01 3.468E+02 3.468E+02 1.022E+00 4.361E+01 2.000E+01 3.600E+02 4.294E−05 0.000E+00 5.796E+00 1.725E−01 3.953E+02 3.953E+02 1.261E+00 4.215E+01 3.000E+01 5.400E+02 6.441E−05 0.000E+00 6.227E+00 1.606E−01 4.652E+02 4.652E+02 1.673E+00 4.037E+01 4.000E+01 7.200E+02 8.588E−05 0.000E+00 6.361E+00 1.572E−01 5.355E+02 5.355E+02 2.028E+00 3.928E+01 5.000E+01 9.000E+02 1.074E−04 0.000E+00 6.315E+00 1.583E−01 5.920E+02 5.812E+02 2.345E+00 3.852E+01 6.000E+01 1.080E+03 1.288E−04 0.000E+00 6.222E+00 1.607E−01 6.319E+02 6.006E+02 2.635E+00 3.795E+01 7.000E+01 1.260E+03 1.503E−04 0.000E+00 6.033E+00 1.658E−01 6.865E+02 6.288E+02 2.905E+00 3.750E+01 8.000E+01 1.440E+03 1.718E−04 0.000E+00 5.872E+00 1.703E−01 7.235E+02 6.487E+02 3.159E+00 3.714E+01 9.000E+01 1.620E+03 1.932E−04 0.000E+00 5.698E+00 1.755E−01 7.592E+02 6.684E+02 3.400E+00 3.683E+01 1.000E+02 1.800E+03 2.147E−04 0.000E+00 5.515E+00 1.813E−01 7.938E+02 6.879E+02 3.626E+00 3.657E+01 1.500E+02 2.700E+03 3.220E−04 0.000E+00 5.360E+00 1.866E−01 9.151E+02 7.576E+02 4.669E+00 3.566E+01 2.000E+02 3.600E+03 4.293E−04 0.000E+00 5.437E+00 1.839E−01 1.015E+03 8.143E+02 5.591E+00 3.511E+01 3.000E+02 5.400E+03 6.438E−04 0.000E+00 5.379E+00 1.859E−01 1.116E+03 8.638E+02 7.260E+00 3.443E+01 4.000E+02 7.200E+03 8.583E−04 0.000E+00 5.144E+00 1.944E−01 1.166E+03 8.699E+02 8.825E+00 3.402E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

4.000E+02 7.200E+03 8.583E−04 0.000E+00 5.144E+00 1.944E−01 1.166E+03 8.699E+02 8.825E+00 3.402E+01 5.000E+02 9.000E+03 1.073E−03 2.639E+04 4.806E+00 2.081E−01 1.160E+03 8.323E+02 1.037E+01 3.373E+01 6.000E+02 1.080E+04 1.287E−03 2.447E+04 4.532E+00 2.207E−01 1.139E+03 7.911E+02 1.194E+01 3.351E+01 7.000E+02 1.260E+04 1.501E−03 2.209E+04 4.165E+00 2.401E−01 1.102E+03 7.280E+02 1.355E+01 3.334E+01 8.000E+02 1.440E+04 1.716E−03 2.061E+04 3.923E+00 2.549E−01 1.073E+03 6.821E+02 1.521E+01 3.320E+01 9.000E+02 1.620E+04 1.930E−03 1.927E+04 3.697E+00 2.705E−01 1.043E+03 6.358E+02 1.692E+01 3.308E+01 1.000E+03 1.800E+04 2.144E−03 1.804E+04 3.484E+00 2.870E−01 1.012E+03 5.893E+02 1.868E+01 3.298E+01 1.500E+03 2.700E+04 3.213E−03 1.420E+04 2.787E+00 3.589E−01 8.907E+02 4.880E+02 2.826E+01 3.264E+01 2.000E+03 3.600E+04 4.281E−03 1.140E+04 2.253E+00 4.439E−01 7.786E+02 4.225E+02 3.920E+01 3.243E+01 3.000E+03 5.400E+04 6.411E−03 8.614E+03 1.705E+00 5.864E−01 6.445E+02 3.466E+02 6.509E+01 3.217E+01 4.000E+03 7.200E+04 8.534E−03 6.690E+03 1.322E+00 7.567E−01 5.370E+02 2.872E+02 9.622E+01 3.201E+01 5.000E+03 9.000E+04 1.065E−02 5.535E+03 1.089E+00 9.179E−01 4.654E+02 2.482E+02 1.325E+02 3.190E+01 6.000E+03 1.080E+05 1.276E−02 4.870E+03 9.554E−01 1.047E+00 4.215E+02 2.245E+02 1.738E+02 3.182E+01 7.000E+03 1.260E+05 1.486E−02 4.108E+03 8.021E−01 1.247E+00 3.685E+02 1.961E+02 2.202E+02 3.175E+01 8.000E+03 1.440E+05 1.696E−02 3.672E+03 7.141E−01 1.400E+00 3.366E+02 1.791E+02 2.716E+02 3.170E+01 9.000E+03 1.620E+05 1.905E−02 3.300E+03 6.392E−01 1.564E+00 3.086E+02 1.642E+02 3.279E+02 3.166E+01 1.000E+04 1.800E+05 2.113E−02 2.979E+03 5.747E−01 1.740E+00 2.836E+02 1.510E+02 3.892E+02 3.162E+01 1.500E+04 2.700E+05 3.145E−02 2.088E+03 3.962E−01 2.524E+00 2.103E+02 1.124E+02 7.690E+02 3.149E+01 2.000E+04 3.600E+05 4.160E−02 1.541E+03 2.874E−01 3.480E+00 1.618E+02 8.703E+01 1.269E+03 3.141E+01 3.000E+04 5.400E+05 6.143E−02 1.076E+03 1.955E−01 5.115E+00 1.177E+02 6.410E+01 2.617E+03 3.131E+01 4.000E+04 7.200E+05 8.066E−02 7.975E+02 1.410E−01 7.095E+00 8.955E+01 4.955E+01 4.416E+03 3.125E+01 5.000E+04 9.000E+05 9.929E−02 6.455E+02 1.152E−01 8.678E+00 7.600E+01 4.128E+01 6.597E+03 3.121E+01

3.117E+01 7.000E+04 1.260E+06 1.349E−01 4.982E+02 8.842E−02 1.131E+01 6.102E+01 3.298E+01 1.206E+04 3.115E+01 8.000E+04 1.440E+06 1.519E−01 4.234E+02 7.497E−02 1.334E+01 5.324E+01 2.862E+01 1.529E+04 3.113E+01 9.000E+04 1.620E+06 1.685E−01 3.822E+02 6.761E−02 1.479E+01 4.888E+01 2.618E+01 1.884E+04 3.111E+01 1.000E+05 1.800E+06 1.845E−01 3.474E+02 6.142E−02 1.628E+01 4.515E+01 2.409E+01 2.269E+04 3.110E+01 1.500E+05 2.700E+06 2.582E−01 2.542E+02 4.490E−02 2.227E+01 3.491E+01 1.834E+01 4.594E+04 3.105E+01 2.000E+05 3.600E+06 3.223E−01 1.988E+02 3.512E−02 2.848E+01 2.859E+01 1.481E+01 7.493E+04 3.102E+01 3.000E+05 5.400E+06 4.279E−01 1.527E+02 2.692E−02 3.715E+01 2.313E+01 1.179E+01 1.464E+05 3.098E+01 4.000E+05 7.200E+06 5.106E−01 1.255E+02 2.204E−02 4.537E+01 1.980E+01 9.986E+00 2.317E+05 3.096E+01 5.000E+05 9.000E+06 5.766E−01 1.143E+02 2.000E−02 5.000E+01 1.840E+01 9.240E+00 3.274E+05 3.094E+01 6.000E+05 1.080E+07 6.301E−01 1.031E+02 1.793E−02 5.576E+01 1.699E+01 8.502E+00 4.312E+05 3.093E+01 7.000E+05 1.260E+07 6.740E−01 9.700E+01 1.680E−02 5.953E+01 1.622E+01 8.109E+00 5.413E+05 3.092E+01 8.000E+05 1.440E+07 7.106E−01 9.012E+01 1.548E−02 6.459E+01 1.534E+01 7.675E+00 6.564E+05 3.091E+01 9.000E+05 1.620E+07 7.413E−01 8.642E+01 1.476E-02 6.776E+01 1.486E+01 7.449E+00 7.758E+05 3.091E+01 1.000E+06 1.800E+07 7.674E−01 8.490E+01 1.446E−02 6.917E+01 1.467E+01 7.360E+00 8.986E+05 3.090E+01

(b) Equilibrium Values

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

1.000E−01 1.800E+00 6.853E−02 1.459E+01 1.317E+02 1.412E+02 7.235E−02 1.317E+02 1.412E+02 7.235E−02 1.560E−02 1.500E−01 2.700E+00 9.888E−02 1.011E+01 1.447E+02 1.543E+02 6.571E−02 1.447E+02 1.543E+02 6.571E−02 2.060E−02 2.000E−01 3.600E+00 1.284E−01 7.790E+00 1.538E+02 1.630E+02 5.966E−02 1.538E+02 1.630E+02 5.966E−02 2.537E−02 3.000E−01 5.400E+00 1.852E−01 5.399E+00 1.657E+02 1.740E+02 5.000E−02 1.657E+02 1.740E+02 5.000E−02 3.455E−02 4.000E−01 7.200E+00 2.398E−01 4.170E+00 1.734E+02 1.808E+02 4.284E−02 1.734E+02 1.808E+02 4.284E−02 4.351E−02 5.000E−01 9.000E+00 2.925E−01 3.419E+00 1.787E+02 1.854E+02 3.738E−02 1.787E+02 1.854E+02 3.738E−02 5.235E−02 6.000E−01 1.080E+01 3.435E−01 2.912E+00 1.826E+02 1.887E+02 3.309E−02 1.826E+02 1.887E+02 3.309E−02 6.112E−02 7.000E−01 1.260E+01 3.930E−01 2.545E+00 1.856E+02 1.911E+02 2.966E−02 1.856E+02 1.911E+02 2.966E−02 6.987E−02 8.000E−01 1.440E+01 4.411E−01 2.267E+00 1.880E+02 1.931E+02 2.685E−02 1.880E+02 1.931E+02 2.685E−02 7.859E−02 9.000E−01 1.620E+01 4.879E−01 2.049E+00 1.899E+02 1.946E+02 2.453E−02 1.899E+02 1.946E+02 2.453E−02 8.729E−02 1.000E+00 1.800E+01 5.336E−01 1.874E+00 1.915E+02 1.959E+02 2.258E−02 1.915E+02 1.959E+02 2.258E−02 9.597E−02 1.500E+00 2.700E+01 7.464E−01 1.340E+00 1.969E+02 2.001E+02 1.625E−02 1.969E+02 2.001E+02 1.625E−02 1.391E−01 2.000E+00 3.600E+01 9.379E−01 1.066E+00 2.004E+02 2.030E+02 1.294E−02 2.004E+02 2.030E+02 1.294E−02 1.817E−01 3.000E+00 5.400E+01 1.273E+00 7.857E−01 2.059E+02 2.079E+02 1.000E−02 2.059E+02 2.079E+02 1.000E−02 2.643E−01 4.000E+00 7.200E+01 1.559E+00 6.413E−01 2.110E+02 2.130E+02 9.351E−03 2.110E+02 2.130E+02 9.351E−03 3.431E−01 5.000E+00 9.000E+01 1.810E+00 5.524E−01 2.162E+02 2.183E+02 9.912E−03 2.162E+02 2.183E+02 9.912E−03 4.182E−01 6.000E+00 1.080E+02 2.033E+00 4.919E−01 2.213E+02 2.238E+02 1.124E−02 2.213E+02 2.238E+02 1.124E−02 4.898E−01 7.000E+00 1.260E+02 2.233E+00 4.479E−01 2.265E+02 2.294E+02 1.308E−02 2.265E+02 2.294E+02 1.308E−02 5.583E−01 8.000E+00 1.440E+02 2.414E+00 4.143E−01 2.315E+02 2.351E+02 1.527E−02 2.315E+02 2.351E+02 1.527E−02 6.238E−01 9.000E+00 1.620E+02 2.579E+00 3.878E−01 2.365E+02 2.407E+02 1.771E−02 2.365E+02 2.407E+02 1.771E−02 6.867E−01 1.000E+01 1.800E+02 2.730E+00 3.663E−01 2.415E+02 2.464E+02 2.029E−02 2.415E+02 2.464E+02 2.029E−02 7.473E−01 1.500E+01 2.700E+02 3.333E+00 3.000E−01 2.647E+02 2.737E+02 3.401E−02 2.647E+02 2.737E+02 3.401E−02 1.022E+00 2.000E+01 3.600E+02 3.764E+00 2.656E−01 2.858E+02 2.993E+02 4.719E−02 2.858E+02 2.993E+02 4.719E−02 1.261E+00 3.000E+01 5.400E+02 4.335E+00 2.307E−01 3.230E+02 3.454E+02 6.937E−02 3.230E+02 3.454E+02 6.937E−02 1.673E+00 4.000E+01 7.200E+02 4.684E+00 2.135E−01 3.552E+02 3.860E+02 8.660E−02 3.552E+02 3.860E+02 8.660E−02 2.028E+00 5.000E+01 9.000E+02 4.909E+00 2.037E−01 3.840E+02 4.224E+02 1.001E−01 3.837E+02 4.219E+02 9.947E−02 2.345E+00 6.000E+01 1.080E+03 5.057E+00 1.978E−01 4.100E+02 4.554E+02 1.107E−01 4.070E+02 4.497E+02 1.051E−01 2.635E+00 7.000E+01 1.260E+03 5.154E+00 1.940E−01 4.339E+02 4.856E+02 1.193E−01 4.266E+02 4.725E+02 1.075E−01 2.905E+00 8.000E+01 1.440E+03 5.217E+00 1.917E−01 4.560E+02 5.135E+02 1.262E−01 4.438E+02 4.920E+02 1.085E−01 3.159E+00 9.000E+01 1.620E+03 5.256E+00 1.903E−01 4.766E+02 5.395E+02 1.319E−01 4.593E+02 5.093E+02 1.090E−01 3.400E+00 1.000E+02 1.800E+03 5.276E+00 1.895E−01 4.956E+02 5.632E+02 1.364E−01 4.731E+02 5.247E+02 1.091E−01 3.626E+00 1.500E+02 2.700E+03 5.289E+00 1.891E−01 5.783E+02 6.649E+02 1.498E−01 5.303E+02 5.877E+02 1.082E−01 4.669E+00 2.000E+02 3.600E+03 5.310E+00 1.883E−01 6.439E+02 7.429E+02 1.536E−01 5.735E+02 6.344E+02 1.061E−01 5.591E+00 3.000E+02 5.400E+03 5.334E+00 1.875E−01 7.438E+02 8.550E+02 1.494E−01 6.363E+02 6.993E+02 9.905E−02 7.260E+00 4.000E+02 7.200E+03 5.320E+00 1.880E−01 8.160E+02 9.289E+02 1.384E−01 6.780E+02 7.386E+02 8.934E−02 8.825E+00

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

4.000E+02 7.200E+03 5.320E+00 1.880E−01 8.160E+02 9.289E+02 1.384E−01 6.780E+02 7.386E+02 8.934E−02 8.825E+00 5.000E+02 9.000E+03 5.268E+00 1.898E−01 8.682E+02 9.766E+02 1.248E−01 7.041E+02 7.593E+02 7.840E−02 1.037E+01 6.000E+02 1.080E+04 5.182E+00 1.930E−01 9.047E+02 1.005E+03 1.106E−01 7.173E+02 7.660E+02 6.787E−02 1.194E+01 7.000E+02 1.260E+04 5.078E+00 1.969E−01 9.299E+02 1.021E+03 9.767E−02 7.215E+02 7.643E+02 5.939E−02 1.355E+01 8.000E+02 1.440E+04 4.963E+00 2.015E−01 9.470E+02 1.029E+03 8.654E−02 7.193E+02 7.577E+02 5.330E−02 1.521E+01 9.000E+02 1.620E+04 4.844E+00 2.065E−01 9.579E+02 1.032E+03 7.719E−02 7.127E+02 7.480E+02 4.960E−02 1.692E+01 1.000E+03 1.800E+04 4.722E+00 2.118E−01 9.638E+02 1.031E+03 6.969E−02 7.026E+02 7.366E+02 4.835E−02 1.868E+01 1.500E+03 2.700E+04 4.157E+00 2.406E−01 9.555E+02 1.001E+03 4.751E−02 6.407E+02 6.773E+02 5.722E−02 2.826E+01 2.000E+03 3.600E+04 3.684E+00 2.715E−01 9.188E+02 9.568E+02 4.132E−02 5.872E+02 6.287E+02 7.074E−02 3.920E+01 3.000E+03 5.400E+04 2.978E+00 3.358E−01 8.302E+02 8.706E+02 4.863E−02 5.030E+02 5.539E+02 1.012E−01 6.509E+01 4.000E+03 7.200E+04 2.489E+00 4.018E−01 7.488E+02 7.979E+02 6.549E−02 4.406E+02 4.985E+02 1.315E−01 9.622E+01 5.000E+03 9.000E+04 2.133E+00 4.689E−01 6.797E+02 7.377E+02 8.529E−02 3.925E+02 4.554E+02 1.602E−01 1.325E+02 6.000E+03 1.080E+05 1.863E+00 5.367E−01 6.217E+02 6.875E+02 1.057E−01 3.544E+02 4.207E+02 1.869E−01 1.738E+02 7.000E+03 1.260E+05 1.652E+00 6.054E−01 5.727E+02 6.448E+02 1.259E−01 3.234E+02 3.919E+02 2.119E−01 2.202E+02 8.000E+03 1.440E+05 1.482E+00 6.749E−01 5.307E+02 6.080E+02 1.457E−01 2.975E+02 3.675E+02 2.354E−01 2.716E+02 9.000E+03 1.620E+05 1.342E+00 7.451E−01 4.945E+02 5.760E+02 1.649E−01 2.756E+02 3.466E+02 2.575E−01 3.279E+02 1.000E+04 1.800E+05 1.226E+00 8.160E−01 4.629E+02 5.478E+02 1.833E−01 2.569E+02 3.284E+02 2.783E−01 3.892E+02 1.500E+04 2.700E+05 8.477E−01 1.180E+00 3.515E+02 4.449E+02 2.659E−01 1.925E+02 2.632E+02 3.671E−01 7.690E+02 2.000E+04 3.600E+05 6.430E−01 1.555E+00 2.840E+02 3.789E+02 3.340E−01 1.548E+02 2.223E+02 4.363E−01 1.269E+03 3.000E+04 5.400E+05 4.293E−01 2.329E+00 2.066E+02 2.976E+02 4.406E−01 1.123E+02 1.727E+02 5.378E−01 2.617E+03 4.000E+04 7.200E+05 3.201E−01 3.124E+00 1.632E+02 2.483E+02 5.212E−01 8.899E+01 1.431E+02 6.082E−01 4.416E+03 5.000E+04 9.000E+05 2.565E−01 3.899E+00 1.366E+02 2.152E+02 5.753E−01 7.443E+01 1.235E+02 6.599E−01 6.597E+03 6.000E+04 1.080E+06 2.143E−01 4.666E+00 1.182E+02 1.911E+02 6.173E−01 6.433E+01 1.094E+02 7.004E−01 9.151E+03 7.000E+04 1.260E+06 1.844E−01 5.423E+00 1.046E+02 1.727E+02 6.502E−01 5.691E+01 9.862E+01 7.329E−01 1.206E+04 8.000E+04 1.440E+06 1.621E−01 6.168E+00 9.429E+01 1.581E+02 6.765E−01 5.122E+01 9.012E+01 7.595E−01 1.529E+04 9.000E+04 1.620E+06 1.449E−01 6.900E+00 8.609E+01 1.461E+02 6.977E−01 4.670E+01 8.321E+01 7.818E−01 1.884E+04 1.000E+05 1.800E+06 1.312E−01 7.620E+00 7.943E+01 1.362E+02 7.149E−01 4.303E+01 7.747E+01 8.004E−01 2.269E+04 1.500E+05 2.700E+06 9.064E−02 1.103E+01 5.884E+01 1.038E+02 7.643E−01 3.162E+01 5.883E+01 8.602E−01 4.594E+04 2.000E+05 3.600E+06 7.063E−02 1.416E+01 4.810E+01 8.565E+01 7.807E−01 2.566E+01 4.842E+01 8.875E−01 7.493E+04 3.000E+05 5.400E+06 5.079E−02 1.969E+01 3.691E+01 6.553E+01 7.754E−01 1.944E+01 3.692E+01 8.988E−01 1.464E+05 4.000E+05 7.200E+06 4.091E−02 2.444E+01 3.110E+01 5.444E+01 7.506E−01 1.622E+01 3.055E+01 8.836E−01 2.317E+05 5.000E+05 9.000E+06 3.497E−02 2.859E+01 2.751E+01 4.732E+01 7.203E−01 1.425E+01 2.646E+01 8.577E−01 3.274E+05 6.000E+05 1.080E+07 3.100E−02 3.225E+01 2.506E+01 4.233E+01 6.887E−01 1.291E+01 2.358E+01 8.269E−01 4.312E+05 7.000E+05 1.260E+07 2.816E−02 3.552E+01 2.329E+01 3.862E+01 6.579E−01 1.195E+01 2.144E+01 7.944E−01 5.413E+05 8.000E+05 1.440E+07 2.601E−02 3.845E+01 2.195E+01 3.575E+01 6.286E−01 1.122E+01 1.977E+01 7.619E−01 6.564E+05 9.000E+05 1.620E+07 2.433E−02 4.110E+01 2.089E+01 3.345E+01 6.009E−01 1.066E+01 1.844E+01 7.301E−01 7.758E+05 1.000E+06 1.800E+07 2.298E−02 4.352E+01 2.004E+01 3.157E+01 5.754E−01 1.021E+01 1.735E+01 6.998E−01 8.986E+05

FLUORINE-17 IONS: A=17 Z=9 (a) Instantaneous Data

∆M=1.95166 MeV Mc2=1.5837E+04 MeV

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

1.000E−01 1.700E+00 2.147E−07 0.000E+00 1.448E−01 6.904E+00 1.835E+02 1.835E+02 1.425E−02 1.446E+02 1.500E−01 2.550E+00 3.220E−07 0.000E+00 2.127E−01 4.702E+00 1.985E+02 1.985E+02 1.866E−02 1.268E+02 2.000E−01 3.400E+00 4.294E−07 0.000E+00 2.667E−01 3.750E+00 2.063E+02 2.063E+02 2.283E−02 1.159E+02 3.000E−01 5.100E+00 6.440E−07 0.000E+00 3.872E−01 2.583E+00 2.169E+02 2.169E+02 3.081E−02 1.027E+02 4.000E−01 6.800E+00 8.587E−07 0.000E+00 4.820E−01 2.075E+00 2.217E+02 2.217E+02 3.853E−02 9.456E+01 5.000E−01 8.500E+00 1.073E−06 0.000E+00 5.823E−01 1.717E+00 2.250E+02 2.250E+02 4.611E−02 8.889E+01 6.000E−01 1.020E+01 1.288E−06 0.000E+00 6.900E−01 1.449E+00 2.273E+02 2.273E+02 5.361E−02 8.464E+01 7.000E−01 1.190E+01 1.503E−06 0.000E+00 7.698E−01 1.299E+00 2.286E+02 2.286E+02 6.106E−02 8.129E+01 8.000E−01 1.360E+01 1.717E−06 0.000E+00 8.509E−01 1.175E+00 2.296E+02 2.296E+02 6.846E−02 7.856E+01

7.627E+01 1.000E+00 1.700E+01 2.147E−06 0.000E+00 1.019E+00 9.815E−01 2.313E+02 2.313E+02 8.319E−02 7.432E+01 1.500E+00 2.550E+01 3.220E−06 0.000E+00 1.423E+00 7.027E−01 2.350E+02 2.350E+02 1.196E−01 6.757E+01 2.000E+00 3.400E+01 4.294E−06 0.000E+00 1.725E+00 5.796E−01 2.385E+02 2.385E+02 1.554E−01 6.343E+01 3.000E+00 5.100E+01 6.440E−06 0.000E+00 2.346E+00 4.262E−01 2.490E+02 2.490E+02 2.250E−01 5.838E+01 4.000E+00 6.800E+01 8.587E−06 0.000E+00 2.790E+00 3.584E−01 2.591E+02 2.591E+02 2.916E−01 5.529E+01 5.000E+00 8.500E+01 1.073E−05 0.000E+00 3.223E+00 3.103E−01 2.710E+02 2.710E+02 3.551E−01 5.313E+01 6.000E+00 1.020E+02 1.288E−05 0.000E+00 3.647E+00 2.742E−01 2.848E+02 2.848E+02 4.158E−01 5.151E+01 7.000E+00 1.190E+02 1.503E−05 0.000E+00 3.938E+00 2.539E−01 2.953E+02 2.953E+02 4.739E−01 5.023E+01 8.000E+00 1.360E+02 1.717E−05 0.000E+00 4.213E+00 2.373E−01 3.064E+02 3.064E+02 5.296E−01 4.920E+01 9.000E+00 1.530E+02 1.932E−05 0.000E+00 4.475E+00 2.235E−01 3.178E+02 3.178E+02 5.832E−01 4.832E+01 1.000E+01 1.700E+02 2.147E−05 0.000E+00 4.724E+00 2.117E−01 3.297E+02 3.297E+02 6.348E−01 4.758E+01 1.500E+01 2.550E+02 3.220E−05 0.000E+00 5.671E+00 1.763E−01 3.870E+02 3.870E+02 8.694E−01 4.501E+01 2.000E+01 3.400E+02 4.294E−05 0.000E+00 6.161E+00 1.623E−01 4.302E+02 4.302E+02 1.075E+00 4.344E+01 3.000E+01 5.100E+02 6.440E−05 0.000E+00 6.734E+00 1.485E−01 5.184E+02 5.184E+02 1.428E+00 4.151E+01 4.000E+01 6.800E+02 8.587E−05 0.000E+00 6.879E+00 1.454E−01 5.815E+02 5.815E+02 1.733E+00 4.033E+01 5.000E+01 8.500E+02 1.073E−04 0.000E+00 6.869E+00 1.456E−01 6.432E+02 6.355E+02 2.005E+00 3.951E+01 6.000E+01 1.020E+03 1.288E−04 0.000E+00 6.749E+00 1.482E−01 7.045E+02 6.650E+02 2.254E+00 3.890E+01 7.000E+01 1.190E+03 1.503E−04 0.000E+00 6.617E+00 1.511E−01 7.471E+02 6.868E+02 2.485E+00 3.841E+01 8.000E+01 1.360E+03 1.717E−04 0.000E+00 6.461E+00 1.548E−01 7.881E+02 7.086E+02 2.703E+00 3.802E+01 9.000E+01 1.530E+03 1.932E−04 0.000E+00 6.288E+00 1.590E−01 8.278E+02 7.303E+02 2.909E+00 3.768E+01 1.000E+02 1.700E+03 2.146E−04 0.000E+00 6.103E+00 1.639E−01 8.666E+02 7.520E+02 3.106E+00 3.740E+01 1.500E+02 2.550E+03 3.219E−04 0.000E+00 5.928E+00 1.687E−01 1.026E+03 8.442E+02 3.992E+00 3.642E+01 2.000E+02 3.400E+03 4.292E−04 0.000E+00 6.028E+00 1.659E−01 1.121E+03 8.999E+02 4.775E+00 3.582E+01 3.000E+02 5.100E+03 6.437E−04 0.000E+00 6.019E+00 1.661E−01 1.264E+03 9.754E+02 6.182E+00 3.509E+01 4.000E+02 6.800E+03 8.582E−04 0.000E+00 5.863E+00 1.706E−01 1.322E+03 9.940E+02 7.487E+00 3.464E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

4.000E+02 6.800E+03 8.582E−04 0.000E+00 5.863E+00 1.706E−01 1.322E+03 9.940E+02 7.487E+00 3.464E+01 5.000E+02 8.500E+03 1.073E−03 0.000E+00 5.596E+00 1.787E−01 1.343E+03 9.799E+02 8.756E+00 3.433E+01 6.000E+02 1.020E+04 1.287E−03 2.804E+04 5.196E+00 1.925E−01 1.319E+03 9.238E+02 1.004E+01 3.410E+01 7.000E+02 1.190E+04 1.501E−03 2.621E+04 4.918E+00 2.033E−01 1.294E+03 8.783E+02 1.134E+01 3.391E+01 8.000E+02 1.360E+04 1.715E−03 2.456E+04 4.655E+00 2.148E−01 1.266E+03 8.312E+02 1.268E+01 3.376E+01 9.000E+02 1.530E+04 1.929E−03 2.305E+04 4.406E+00 2.270E−01 1.236E+03 7.829E+02 1.405E+01 3.363E+01 1.000E+03 1.700E+04 2.143E−03 2.167E+04 4.170E+00 2.398E−01 1.204E+03 7.338E+02 1.546E+01 3.353E+01 1.500E+03 2.550E+04 3.212E−03 1.666E+04 3.266E+00 3.062E−01 1.053E+03 5.766E+02 2.307E+01 3.315E+01 2.000E+03 3.400E+04 4.280E−03 1.403E+04 2.766E+00 3.616E−01 9.506E+02 5.163E+02 3.167E+01 3.292E+01 3.000E+03 5.100E+04 6.409E−03 1.027E+04 2.030E+00 4.926E−01 7.734E+02 4.157E+02 5.182E+01 3.265E+01 4.000E+03 6.800E+04 8.532E−03 8.407E+03 1.659E+00 6.027E−01 6.705E+02 3.588E+02 7.584E+01 3.248E+01 5.000E+03 8.500E+04 1.065E−02 7.000E+03 1.377E+00 7.262E−01 5.851E+02 3.122E+02 1.037E+02 3.236E+01 6.000E+03 1.020E+05 1.276E−02 5.889E+03 1.153E+00 8.670E−01 5.124E+02 2.729E+02 1.352E+02 3.227E+01 7.000E+03 1.190E+05 1.486E−02 5.245E+03 1.024E+00 9.770E−01 4.679E+02 2.490E+02 1.705E+02 3.220E+01 8.000E+03 1.360E+05 1.696E−02 4.702E+03 9.144E−01 1.094E+00 4.289E+02 2.282E+02 2.094E+02 3.214E+01 9.000E+03 1.530E+05 1.904E−02 4.238E+03 8.209E−01 1.218E+00 3.943E+02 2.098E+02 2.520E+02 3.209E+01 1.000E+04 1.700E+05 2.113E−02 3.835E+03 7.399E−01 1.352E+00 3.634E+02 1.934E+02 2.982E+02 3.205E+01 1.500E+04 2.550E+05 3.144E−02 2.561E+03 4.848E−01 2.063E+00 2.590E+02 1.385E+02 5.834E+02 3.191E+01 2.000E+04 3.400E+05 4.159E−02 2.002E+03 3.736E−01 2.677E+00 2.094E+02 1.125E+02 9.574E+02 3.182E+01 3.000E+04 5.100E+05 6.142E−02 1.325E+03 2.399E−01 4.168E+00 1.452E+02 7.921E+01 1.965E+03 3.172E+01 4.000E+04 6.800E+05 8.064E−02 1.037E+03 1.837E−01 5.444E+00 1.162E+02 6.420E+01 3.308E+03 3.165E+01 5.000E+04 8.500E+05 9.928E−02 8.394E+02 1.499E−01 6.673E+00 9.842E+01 5.348E+01 4.935E+03 3.161E+01

3.157E+01 7.000E+04 1.190E+06 1.349E−01 6.146E+02 1.090E−01 9.178E+00 7.558E+01 4.082E+01 9.010E+03 3.154E+01 8.000E+04 1.360E+06 1.519E−01 5.499E+02 9.734E−02 1.027E+01 6.885E+01 3.706E+01 1.142E+04 3.152E+01 9.000E+04 1.530E+06 1.684E−01 4.962E+02 8.775E−02 1.140E+01 6.319E+01 3.389E+01 1.407E+04 3.150E+01 1.000E+05 1.700E+06 1.845E−01 4.509E+02 7.968E−02 1.255E+01 5.835E+01 3.117E+01 1.694E+04 3.149E+01 1.500E+05 2.550E+06 2.581E−01 3.144E+02 5.551E−02 1.801E+01 4.337E+01 2.276E+01 3.429E+04 3.143E+01 2.000E+05 3.400E+06 3.222E−01 2.572E+02 4.540E−02 2.202E+01 3.683E+01 1.911E+01 5.593E+04 3.140E+01 3.000E+05 5.100E+06 4.278E−01 1.896E+02 3.342E−02 2.993E+01 2.884E+01 1.469E+01 1.093E+05 3.136E+01 4.000E+05 6.800E+06 5.105E−01 1.615E+02 2.837E−02 3.525E+01 2.540E+01 1.282E+01 1.729E+05 3.134E+01 5.000E+05 8.500E+06 5.765E−01 1.425E+02 2.491E−02 4.015E+01 2.302E+01 1.155E+01 2.443E+05 3.132E+01 6.000E+05 1.020E+07 6.300E−01 1.287E+02 2.237E−02 4.471E+01 2.128E+01 1.065E+01 3.218E+05 3.131E+01 7.000E+05 1.190E+07 6.740E−01 1.213E+02 2.097E−02 4.769E+01 2.033E+01 1.017E+01 4.039E+05 3.130E+01 8.000E+05 1.360E+07 7.106E−01 1.153E+02 1.983E−02 5.042E+01 1.958E+01 9.793E+00 4.899E+05 3.129E+01 9.000E+05 1.530E+07 7.413E−01 1.105E+02 1.889E−02 5.293E+01 1.895E+01 9.496E+00 5.789E+05 3.128E+01 1.000E+06 1.700E+07 7.674E−01 1.065E+02 1.809E−02 5.527E+01 1.844E+01 9.257E+00 6.706E+05 3.127E+01

(b) Equilibrium Values

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

1.000E−01 1.700E+00 6.946E−02 1.440E+01 1.384E+02 1.492E+02 7.757E−02 1.384E+02 1.492E+02 7.757E−02 1.425E−02 1.500E−01 2.550E+00 1.003E−01 9.974E+00 1.530E+02 1.640E+02 7.157E−02 1.530E+02 1.640E+02 7.157E−02 1.866E−02 2.000E−01 3.400E+00 1.302E−01 7.681E+00 1.633E+02 1.740E+02 6.580E−02 1.633E+02 1.740E+02 6.580E−02 2.283E−02 3.000E−01 5.100E+00 1.880E−01 5.318E+00 1.772E+02 1.871E+02 5.627E−02 1.772E+02 1.871E+02 5.627E−02 3.081E−02 4.000E−01 6.800E+00 2.437E−01 4.103E+00 1.863E+02 1.954E+02 4.901E−02 1.863E+02 1.954E+02 4.901E−02 3.853E−02 5.000E−01 8.500E+00 2.975E−01 3.361E+00 1.928E+02 2.012E+02 4.336E−02 1.928E+02 2.012E+02 4.336E−02 4.611E−02 6.000E−01 1.020E+01 3.498E−01 2.859E+00 1.978E+02 2.055E+02 3.885E−02 1.978E+02 2.055E+02 3.885E−02 5.361E−02 7.000E−01 1.190E+01 4.006E−01 2.496E+00 2.016E+02 2.087E+02 3.518E−02 2.016E+02 2.087E+02 3.518E−02 6.106E−02 8.000E−01 1.360E+01 4.500E−01 2.222E+00 2.047E+02 2.113E+02 3.214E−02 2.047E+02 2.113E+02 3.214E−02 6.846E−02 9.000E−01 1.530E+01 4.982E−01 2.007E+00 2.073E+02 2.135E+02 2.959E−02 2.073E+02 2.135E+02 2.959E−02 7.584E−02 1.000E+00 1.700E+01 5.453E−01 1.834E+00 2.095E+02 2.152E+02 2.743E−02 2.095E+02 2.152E+02 2.743E−02 8.319E−02 1.500E+00 2.550E+01 7.658E−01 1.306E+00 2.169E+02 2.213E+02 2.025E−02 2.169E+02 2.213E+02 2.025E−02 1.196E−01 2.000E+00 3.400E+01 9.655E−01 1.036E+00 2.217E+02 2.253E+02 1.637E−02 2.217E+02 2.253E+02 1.637E−02 1.554E−01 3.000E+00 5.100E+01 1.317E+00 7.593E−01 2.287E+02 2.316E+02 1.273E−02 2.287E+02 2.316E+02 1.273E−02 2.250E−01 4.000E+00 6.800E+01 1.620E+00 6.172E−01 2.349E+02 2.376E+02 1.163E−02 2.349E+02 2.376E+02 1.163E−02 2.916E−01 5.000E+00 8.500E+01 1.887E+00 5.300E−01 2.407E+02 2.436E+02 1.182E−02 2.407E+02 2.436E+02 1.182E−02 3.551E−01 6.000E+00 1.020E+02 2.124E+00 4.707E−01 2.465E+02 2.497E+02 1.282E−02 2.465E+02 2.497E+02 1.282E−02 4.158E−01 7.000E+00 1.190E+02 2.339E+00 4.276E−01 2.522E+02 2.558E+02 1.435E−02 2.522E+02 2.558E+02 1.435E−02 4.739E−01 8.000E+00 1.360E+02 2.533E+00 3.948E−01 2.577E+02 2.619E+02 1.625E−02 2.577E+02 2.619E+02 1.625E−02 5.296E−01 9.000E+00 1.530E+02 2.711E+00 3.689E−01 2.632E+02 2.681E+02 1.840E−02 2.632E+02 2.681E+02 1.840E−02 5.832E−01 1.000E+01 1.700E+02 2.874E+00 3.480E−01 2.686E+02 2.742E+02 2.072E−02 2.686E+02 2.742E+02 2.072E−02 6.348E−01 1.500E+01 2.550E+02 3.529E+00 2.834E−01 2.939E+02 3.037E+02 3.336E−02 2.939E+02 3.037E+02 3.336E−02 8.694E−01 2.000E+01 3.400E+02 4.000E+00 2.500E−01 3.169E+02 3.314E+02 4.579E−02 3.169E+02 3.314E+02 4.579E−02 1.075E+00 3.000E+01 5.100E+02 4.628E+00 2.161E−01 3.575E+02 3.815E+02 6.719E−02 3.575E+02 3.815E+02 6.719E−02 1.428E+00 4.000E+01 6.800E+02 5.017E+00 1.993E−01 3.928E+02 4.258E+02 8.409E−02 3.928E+02 4.258E+02 8.409E−02 1.733E+00 5.000E+01 8.500E+02 5.270E+00 1.897E−01 4.243E+02 4.656E+02 9.749E−02 4.239E+02 4.648E+02 9.669E−02 2.005E+00 6.000E+01 1.020E+03 5.439E+00 1.839E−01 4.528E+02 5.019E+02 1.082E−01 4.493E+02 4.953E+02 1.024E−01 2.254E+00 7.000E+01 1.190E+03 5.553E+00 1.801E−01 4.791E+02 5.351E+02 1.170E−01 4.708E+02 5.202E+02 1.049E−01 2.485E+00 8.000E+01 1.360E+03 5.628E+00 1.777E−01 5.034E+02 5.659E+02 1.241E−01 4.897E+02 5.417E+02 1.061E−01 2.703E+00 9.000E+01 1.530E+03 5.676E+00 1.762E−01 5.262E+02 5.946E+02 1.300E−01 5.066E+02 5.607E+02 1.067E−01 2.909E+00 1.000E+02 1.700E+03 5.704E+00 1.753E−01 5.476E+02 6.215E+02 1.350E−01 5.221E+02 5.780E+02 1.071E−01 3.106E+00 1.500E+02 2.550E+03 5.742E+00 1.742E−01 6.389E+02 7.345E+02 1.496E−01 5.850E+02 6.477E+02 1.072E−01 3.992E+00 2.000E+02 3.400E+03 5.783E+00 1.729E−01 7.122E+02 8.225E+02 1.549E−01 6.332E+02 7.005E+02 1.062E−01 4.775E+00 3.000E+02 5.100E+03 5.843E+00 1.711E−01 8.251E+02 9.514E+02 1.531E−01 7.048E+02 7.762E+02 1.013E−01 6.182E+00 4.000E+02 6.800E+03 5.859E+00 1.707E−01 9.084E+02 1.039E+03 1.441E−01 7.544E+02 8.249E+02 9.349E−02 7.487E+00

E/A

KeV/A E

KeV Iav

nm−1 mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

4.000E+02 6.800E+03 5.859E+00 1.707E−01 9.084E+02 1.039E+03 1.441E−01 7.544E+02 8.249E+02 9.349E−02 7.487E+00 5.000E+02 8.500E+03 5.834E+00 1.714E−01 9.709E+02 1.099E+03 1.323E−01 7.881E+02 8.543E+02 8.404E−02 8.756E+00 6.000E+02 1.020E+04 5.772E+00 1.733E−01 1.017E+03 1.138E+03 1.192E−01 8.083E+02 8.681E+02 7.402E−02 1.004E+01 7.000E+02 1.190E+04 5.684E+00 1.759E−01 1.050E+03 1.161E+03 1.065E−01 8.180E+02 8.713E+02 6.505E−02 1.134E+01 8.000E+02 1.360E+04 5.580E+00 1.792E−01 1.073E+03 1.175E+03 9.519E−02 8.204E+02 8.679E+02 5.794E−02 1.268E+01 9.000E+02 1.530E+04 5.469E+00 1.829E−01 1.089E+03 1.182E+03 8.542E−02 8.173E+02 8.605E+02 5.281E−02 1.405E+01 1.000E+03 1.700E+04 5.353E+00 1.868E−01 1.100E+03 1.185E+03 7.707E−02 8.103E+02 8.505E+02 4.958E−02 1.546E+01 1.500E+03 2.550E+04 4.784E+00 2.090E−01 1.106E+03 1.163E+03 5.160E−02 7.495E+02 7.893E+02 5.309E−02 2.307E+01 2.000E+03 3.400E+04 4.286E+00 2.333E−01 1.074E+03 1.120E+03 4.239E−02 6.923E+02 7.365E+02 6.381E−02 3.167E+01 3.000E+03 5.100E+04 3.518E+00 2.842E−01 9.848E+02 1.029E+03 4.460E−02 6.003E+02 6.540E+02 8.952E−02 5.182E+01 4.000E+03 6.800E+04 2.972E+00 3.365E−01 8.972E+02 9.489E+02 5.765E−02 5.304E+02 5.920E+02 1.161E−01 7.584E+01 5.000E+03 8.500E+04 2.567E+00 3.896E−01 8.205E+02 8.816E+02 7.436E−02 4.757E+02 5.432E+02 1.418E−01 1.037E+02 6.000E+03 1.020E+05 2.256E+00 4.433E−01 7.549E+02 8.246E+02 9.226E−02 4.318E+02 5.035E+02 1.660E−01 1.352E+02 7.000E+03 1.190E+05 2.010E+00 4.975E−01 6.986E+02 7.758E+02 1.104E−01 3.956E+02 4.704E+02 1.889E−01 1.705E+02 8.000E+03 1.360E+05 1.811E+00 5.523E−01 6.500E+02 7.334E+02 1.283E−01 3.653E+02 4.422E+02 2.105E−01 2.094E+02 9.000E+03 1.530E+05 1.646E+00 6.076E−01 6.077E+02 6.964E+02 1.458E−01 3.395E+02 4.179E+02 2.309E−01 2.520E+02 1.000E+04 1.700E+05 1.507E+00 6.634E−01 5.706E+02 6.635E+02 1.628E−01 3.173E+02 3.967E+02 2.502E−01 2.982E+02 1.500E+04 2.550E+05 1.053E+00 9.493E−01 4.376E+02 5.426E+02 2.400E−01 2.400E+02 3.201E+02 3.336E−01 5.834E+02 2.000E+04 3.400E+05 8.035E−01 1.245E+00 3.555E+02 4.640E+02 3.053E−01 1.939E+02 2.715E+02 4.002E−01 9.574E+02 3.000E+04 5.100E+05 5.394E−01 1.854E+00 2.599E+02 3.662E+02 4.090E−01 1.414E+02 2.120E+02 4.993E−01 1.965E+03 4.000E+04 6.800E+05 4.031E−01 2.481E+00 2.058E+02 3.064E+02 4.890E−01 1.123E+02 1.762E+02 5.697E−01 3.308E+03 5.000E+04 8.500E+05 3.232E−01 3.094E+00 1.723E+02 2.661E+02 5.446E−01 9.400E+01 1.524E+02 6.217E−01 4.935E+03 6.000E+04 1.020E+06 2.703E−01 3.700E+00 1.492E+02 2.367E+02 5.864E−01 8.131E+01 1.352E+02 6.627E−01 6.842E+03 7.000E+04 1.190E+06 2.327E−01 4.298E+00 1.322E+02 2.141E+02 6.197E−01 7.195E+01 1.220E+02 6.960E−01 9.010E+03 8.000E+04 1.360E+06 2.047E−01 4.886E+00 1.191E+02 1.961E+02 6.463E−01 6.477E+01 1.116E+02 7.233E−01 1.142E+04 9.000E+04 1.530E+06 1.830E−01 5.465E+00 1.088E+02 1.815E+02 6.678E−01 5.907E+01 1.031E+02 7.461E−01 1.407E+04 1.000E+05 1.700E+06 1.657E−01 6.033E+00 1.004E+02 1.692E+02 6.856E−01 5.443E+01 9.609E+01 7.655E−01 1.694E+04 1.500E+05 2.550E+06 1.146E−01 8.729E+00 7.442E+01 1.293E+02 7.369E−01 4.002E+01 7.314E+01 8.276E−01 3.429E+04 2.000E+05 3.400E+06 8.928E−02 1.120E+01 6.084E+01 1.068E+02 7.553E−01 3.247E+01 6.030E+01 8.571E−01 5.593E+04 3.000E+05 5.100E+06 6.422E−02 1.557E+01 4.671E+01 8.187E+01 7.529E−01 2.461E+01 4.606E+01 8.716E−01 1.093E+05 4.000E+05 6.800E+06 5.173E−02 1.933E+01 3.935E+01 6.809E+01 7.307E−01 2.053E+01 3.817E+01 8.591E−01 1.729E+05 5.000E+05 8.500E+06 4.423E−02 2.261E+01 3.481E+01 5.924E+01 7.021E−01 1.803E+01 3.309E+01 8.351E−01 2.443E+05 6.000E+05 1.020E+07 3.921E−02 2.550E+01 3.172E+01 5.303E+01 6.720E−01 1.634E+01 2.951E+01 8.059E−01 3.218E+05 7.000E+05 1.190E+07 3.561E−02 2.808E+01 2.948E+01 4.842E+01 6.425E−01 1.512E+01 2.684E+01 7.750E−01 4.039E+05 8.000E+05 1.360E+07 3.290E−02 3.040E+01 2.778E+01 4.484E+01 6.143E−01 1.420E+01 2.477E+01 7.438E−01 4.899E+05 9.000E+05 1.530E+07 3.078E−02 3.249E+01 2.644E+01 4.198E+01 5.876E−01 1.349E+01 2.311E+01 7.132E−01 5.789E+05 1.000E+06 1.700E+07 2.907E−02 3.440E+01 2.536E+01 3.964E+01 5.629E−01 1.292E+01 2.175E+01 6.839E−01 6.706E+05

FLUORINE-18 IONS: A=18 Z=9 (a) Instantaneous Data

∆M=0.87257 MeV Mc2=1.6768E+04 MeV

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

1.000E−01 1.800E+00 2.147E−07 0.000E+00 1.487E−01 6.727E+00 1.881E+02 1.881E+02 1.468E−02 1.446E+02 1.500E−01 2.700E+00 3.220E−07 0.000E+00 2.074E−01 4.822E+00 2.011E+02 2.011E+02 1.926E−02 1.268E+02 2.000E−01 3.600E+00 4.294E−07 0.000E+00 2.735E−01 3.656E+00 2.106E+02 2.106E+02 2.360E−02 1.159E+02 3.000E−01 5.400E+00 6.441E−07 0.000E+00 3.779E−01 2.646E+00 2.196E+02 2.196E+02 3.192E−02 1.027E+02 4.000E−01 7.200E+00 8.588E−07 0.000E+00 4.939E−01 2.025E+00 2.252E+02 2.252E+02 3.998E−02 9.456E+01 5.000E−01 9.000E+00 1.073E−06 0.000E+00 5.965E−01 1.677E+00 2.282E+02 2.282E+02 4.790E−02 8.889E+01 6.000E−01 1.080E+01 1.288E−06 0.000E+00 6.741E−01 1.484E+00 2.298E+02 2.298E+02 5.574E−02 8.464E+01 7.000E−01 1.260E+01 1.503E−06 0.000E+00 7.882E−01 1.269E+00 2.314E+02 2.314E+02 6.354E−02 8.129E+01 8.000E−01 1.440E+01 1.718E−06 0.000E+00 8.710E−01 1.148E+00 2.323E+02 2.323E+02 7.130E−02 7.856E+01 9.000E−01 1.620E+01 1.932E−06 0.000E+00 9.556E−01 1.046E+00 2.330E+02 2.330E+02 7.903E−02 7.627E+01

7.432E+01 1.500E+00 2.700E+01 3.220E−06 0.000E+00 1.393E+00 7.180E−01 2.365E+02 2.365E+02 1.250E−01 6.757E+01 2.000E+00 3.600E+01 4.294E−06 0.000E+00 1.762E+00 5.674E−01 2.405E+02 2.405E+02 1.627E−01 6.343E+01 3.000E+00 5.400E+01 6.441E−06 0.000E+00 2.301E+00 4.347E−01 2.492E+02 2.492E+02 2.360E−01 5.838E+01 4.000E+00 7.200E+01 8.588E−06 0.000E+00 2.844E+00 3.517E−01 2.613E+02 2.613E+02 3.061E−01 5.529E+01 5.000E+00 9.000E+01 1.073E−05 0.000E+00 3.281E+00 3.048E−01 2.735E+02 2.735E+02 3.732E−01 5.313E+01 6.000E+00 1.080E+02 1.288E−05 0.000E+00 3.587E+00 2.788E−01 2.833E+02 2.833E+02 4.373E−01 5.151E+01 7.000E+00 1.260E+02 1.503E−05 0.000E+00 4.002E+00 2.499E−01 2.984E+02 2.984E+02 4.987E−01 5.023E+01 8.000E+00 1.440E+02 1.718E−05 0.000E+00 4.278E+00 2.337E−01 3.096E+02 3.096E+02 5.576E−01 4.920E+01 9.000E+00 1.620E+02 1.932E−05 0.000E+00 4.541E+00 2.202E−01 3.213E+02 3.213E+02 6.143E−01 4.832E+01 1.000E+01 1.800E+02 2.147E−05 0.000E+00 4.790E+00 2.088E−01 3.334E+02 3.334E+02 6.689E−01 4.758E+01 1.500E+01 2.700E+02 3.220E−05 0.000E+00 5.612E+00 1.782E−01 3.830E+02 3.830E+02 9.171E−01 4.501E+01 2.000E+01 3.600E+02 4.294E−05 0.000E+00 6.211E+00 1.610E−01 4.357E+02 4.357E+02 1.134E+00 4.344E+01 3.000E+01 5.400E+02 6.441E−05 0.000E+00 6.708E+00 1.491E−01 5.120E+02 5.120E+02 1.509E+00 4.151E+01 4.000E+01 7.200E+02 8.587E−05 0.000E+00 6.885E+00 1.452E−01 5.892E+02 5.892E+02 1.831E+00 4.033E+01 5.000E+01 9.000E+02 1.073E−04 0.000E+00 6.858E+00 1.458E−01 6.516E+02 6.395E+02 2.119E+00 3.951E+01 6.000E+01 1.080E+03 1.288E−04 0.000E+00 6.771E+00 1.477E−01 6.958E+02 6.607E+02 2.382E+00 3.890E+01 7.000E+01 1.260E+03 1.503E−04 0.000E+00 6.583E+00 1.519E−01 7.566E+02 6.918E+02 2.627E+00 3.841E+01 8.000E+01 1.440E+03 1.717E−04 0.000E+00 6.420E+00 1.558E−01 7.980E+02 7.139E+02 2.858E+00 3.802E+01 9.000E+01 1.620E+03 1.932E−04 0.000E+00 6.241E+00 1.602E−01 8.380E+02 7.360E+02 3.076E+00 3.768E+01 1.000E+02 1.800E+03 2.147E−04 0.000E+00 6.051E+00 1.653E−01 8.770E+02 7.580E+02 3.284E+00 3.740E+01 1.500E+02 2.700E+03 3.220E−04 0.000E+00 5.914E+00 1.691E−01 1.015E+03 8.380E+02 4.223E+00 3.642E+01 2.000E+02 3.600E+03 4.293E−04 0.000E+00 6.035E+00 1.657E−01 1.132E+03 9.060E+02 5.052E+00 3.582E+01 3.000E+02 5.400E+03 6.438E−04 0.000E+00 6.028E+00 1.659E−01 1.256E+03 9.717E+02 6.541E+00 3.509E+01 4.000E+02 7.200E+03 8.582E−04 0.000E+00 5.836E+00 1.714E−01 1.327E+03 9.941E+02 7.923E+00 3.464E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

4.000E+02 7.200E+03 8.582E−04 0.000E+00 5.836E+00 1.714E−01 1.327E+03 9.941E+02 7.923E+00 3.464E+01 5.000E+02 9.000E+03 1.073E−03 3.053E+04 5.546E+00 1.803E−01 1.342E+03 9.739E+02 9.267E+00 3.433E+01 6.000E+02 1.080E+04 1.287E−03 2.844E+04 5.253E+00 1.904E−01 1.323E+03 9.326E+02 1.062E+01 3.410E+01 7.000E+02 1.260E+04 1.501E−03 2.582E+04 4.856E+00 2.059E−01 1.288E+03 8.677E+02 1.200E+01 3.391E+01 8.000E+02 1.440E+04 1.715E−03 2.418E+04 4.593E+00 2.177E−01 1.259E+03 8.195E+02 1.341E+01 3.376E+01 9.000E+02 1.620E+04 1.929E−03 2.268E+04 4.344E+00 2.302E−01 1.228E+03 7.702E+02 1.487E+01 3.363E+01 1.000E+03 1.800E+04 2.144E−03 2.131E+04 4.108E+00 2.434E−01 1.195E+03 7.203E+02 1.636E+01 3.353E+01 1.500E+03 2.700E+04 3.213E−03 1.697E+04 3.324E+00 3.009E−01 1.064E+03 5.831E+02 2.442E+01 3.315E+01 2.000E+03 3.600E+04 4.280E−03 1.375E+04 2.712E+00 3.687E−01 9.388E+02 5.095E+02 3.352E+01 3.292E+01 3.000E+03 5.400E+04 6.410E−03 1.049E+04 2.074E+00 4.821E−01 7.850E+02 4.222E+02 5.486E+01 3.265E+01 4.000E+03 7.200E+04 8.533E−03 8.214E+03 1.621E+00 6.170E−01 6.592E+02 3.526E+02 8.030E+01 3.248E+01 5.000E+03 9.000E+04 1.065E−02 6.833E+03 1.343E+00 7.443E−01 5.745E+02 3.064E+02 1.098E+02 3.236E+01 6.000E+03 1.080E+05 1.276E−02 6.033E+03 1.182E+00 8.457E−01 5.222E+02 2.781E+02 1.432E+02 3.227E+01 7.000E+03 1.260E+05 1.486E−02 5.113E+03 9.971E−01 1.003E+00 4.585E+02 2.440E+02 1.805E+02 3.220E+01 8.000E+03 1.440E+05 1.696E−02 4.582E+03 8.902E−01 1.123E+00 4.200E+02 2.235E+02 2.217E+02 3.214E+01 9.000E+03 1.620E+05 1.905E−02 4.128E+03 7.988E−01 1.252E+00 3.859E+02 2.054E+02 2.668E+02 3.209E+01 1.000E+04 1.800E+05 2.113E−02 3.734E+03 7.196E−01 1.390E+00 3.555E+02 1.892E+02 3.157E+02 3.205E+01 1.500E+04 2.700E+05 3.144E−02 2.631E+03 4.988E−01 2.005E+00 2.650E+02 1.416E+02 6.177E+02 3.191E+01 2.000E+04 3.600E+05 4.160E−02 1.947E+03 3.627E−01 2.757E+00 2.044E+02 1.099E+02 1.014E+03 3.182E+01 3.000E+04 5.400E+05 6.143E−02 1.361E+03 2.471E−01 4.047E+00 1.488E+02 8.106E+01 2.080E+03 3.172E+01 4.000E+04 7.200E+05 8.065E−02 1.009E+03 1.782E−01 5.611E+00 1.133E+02 6.270E+01 3.503E+03 3.165E+01 5.000E+04 9.000E+05 9.929E−02 8.170E+02 1.457E−01 6.861E+00 9.618E+01 5.225E+01 5.226E+03 3.161E+01 6.000E+04 1.080E+06 1.174E−01 7.126E+02 1.267E−01 7.894E+00 8.563E+01 4.641E4−01 7.244E+03 3.157E+01

3.154E+01 8.000E+04 1.440E+06 1.519E−01 5.359E+02 9.483E−02 1.055E+01 6.737E+01 3.623E+01 1.210E+04 3.152E+01 9.000E+04 1.620E+06 1.684E−01 4.837E+02 8.552E−02 1.169E+01 6.186E+01 3.314E+01 1.490E+04 3.150E+01 1.000E+05 1.800E+06 1.845E−01 4.397E+02 7.769E−02 1.287E+01 5.715E+01 3.049E+01 1.794E+04 3.149E+01 1.500E+05 2.700E+06 2.581E−01 3.217E+02 5.679E−02 1.761E+01 4.418E+01 2.322E+01 3.631E+04 3.143E+01 2.000E+05 3.600E+06 3.223E−01 2.517E+02 4.442E−02 2.251E+01 3.619E+01 1.875E+01 5.922E+04 3.140E+01 3.000E+05 5.400E+06 4.279E−01 1.932E+02 3.405E−02 2.936E+01 2.927E+01 1.493E+01 1.157E+05 3.136E+01 4.000E+05 7.200E+06 5.106E−01 1.588E+02 2.788E−02 3.587E+01 2.506E+01 1.264E+01 1.831E+05 3.134E+01 5.000E+05 9.000E+06 5.766E−01 1.446E+02 2.530E−02 3.952E+01 2.329E+01 1.170E+01 2.587E+05 3.132E+01 6.000E+05 1.080E+07 6.300E−01 1.304E+02 2.269E−02 4.408E+01 2.150E+01 1.076E+01 3.407E+05 3.131E+01 7.000E+05 1.260E+07 6.740E−01 1.228E+02 2.125E−02 4.706E+01 2.052E+01 1.026E+01 4.277E+05 3.130E+01 8.000E+05 1.440E+07 7.106E−01 1.141E+02 1.959E−02 5.105E+01 1.941E+01 9.714E+00 5.187E+05 3.129E+01 9.000E+05 1.620E+07 7.413E−01 1.094E+02 1.867E−02 5.356E+01 1.881E+01 9.428E+00 6.130E+05 3.128E+01 1.000E+06 1.800E+07 7.674E−01 1.075E+02 1.829E−02 5.467E+01 1.857E+01 9.315E+00 7.100E+05 3.127E+01

(b) Equilibrium Values

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav mfp nm−1

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

1.000E−01 1.800E+00 6.933E−02 1.442E+01 1.411E+02 1.522E+02 7.823E−02 1.411E+02 1.522E+02 7.823E−02 1.468E−02 1.500E−01 2.700E+00 1.002E-01 9.984E+00 1.559E+02 1.671E+02 7.181E−02 1.559E+02 1.671E+02 7.181E−02 1.926E−02 2.000E−01 3.600E+00 1.301E−01 7.683E+00 1.663E+02 1.773E+02 6.579E−02 1.663E+02 1.773E+02 6.579E−02 2.360E−02 3.000E−01 5.400E+00 1.881E−01 5.316E+00 1.803E+02 1.904E+02 5.597E−02 1.803E+02 1.904E+02 5.597E−02 3.192E−02 4.000E−01 7.200E+00 2.439E−01 4.100E+00 1.895E+02 1.987E+02 4.855E−02 1.895E+02 1.987E+02 4.855E−02 3.998E−02 5.000E−01 9.000E+00 2.979E−01 3.357E+00 1.960E+02 2.044E+02 4.281E−02 1.960E+02 2.044E+02 4.281E−02 4.790E−02 6.000E−01 1.080E+01 3.502E−01 2.855E+00 2.009E+02 2.086E+02 3.824E−02 2.009E+02 2.086E+02 3.824E−02 5.574E−02 7.000E−01 1.260E+01 4.011E−01 2.493E+00 2.047E+02 2.118E+02 3.454E−02 2.047E+02 2.118E+02 3.454E−02 6.354E−02 8.000E−01 1.440E+01 4.507E−01 2.219E+00 2.078E+02 2.143E+02 3.148E−02 2.078E+02 2.143E+02 3.148E−02 7.130E−02 9.000E−01 1.620E+01 4.991E−01 2.004E+00 2.103E+02 2.164E+02 2.892E−02 2.103E+02 2.164E+02 2.892E−02 7.903E−02 1.000E+00 1.800E+01 5.463E−01 1.831E+00 2.124E+02 2.181E+02 2.675E−02 2.124E+02 2.181E+02 2.675E−02 8.674E−02 1.500E+00 2.700E+01 7.673E−01 1.303E+00 2.195E+02 2.238E+02 1.959E−02 2.195E+02 2.238E+02 1.959E−02 1.250E−01 2.000E+00 3.600E+01 9.675E−01 1.034E+00 2.241E+02 2.276E+02 1.572E−02 2.241E+02 2.276E+02 1.572E−02 1.627E−01 3.000E+00 5.400E+01 1.320E+00 7.577E−01 2.308E+02 2.336E+02 1.208E−02 2.308E+02 2.336E+02 1.208E−02 2.360E−01 4.000E+00 7.200E+01 1.624E+00 6.159E−01 2.367E+02 2.393E+02 1.095E−02 2.367E+02 2.393E+02 1.095E−02 3.061E−01 5.000E+00 9.000E+01 1.891E+00 5.289E−01 2.424E+02 2.451E+02 1.110E−02 2.424E+02 2.451E+02 1.110E−02 3.732E−01 6.000E+00 1.080E+02 2.129E+00 4.698E−01 2.481E+02 2.510E+02 1.205E−02 2.481E+02 2.510E+02 1.205E−02 4.373E−01 7.000E+00 1.260E+02 2.343E+00 4.268E−01 2.536E+02 2.571E+02 1.353E−02 2.536E+02 2.571E+02 1.353E−02 4.987E−01 8.000E+00 1.440E+02 2.538E+00 3.941E−01 2.591E+02 2.631E+02 1.538E−02 2.591E+02 2.631E+02 1.538E−02 5.576E−01 9.000E+00 1.620E+02 2.716E+00 3.683E−01 2.645E+02 2.692E+02 1.749E−02 2.645E+02 2.692E+02 1.749E−02 6.143E−01 1.000E+01 1.800E+02 2.879E+00 3.473E−01 2.698E+02 2.752E+02 1.978E−02 2.698E+02 2.752E+02 1.978E−02 6.689E−01 1.500E+01 2.700E+02 3.534E+00 2.830E−01 2.950E+02 3.045E+02 3.229E−02 2.950E+02 3.045E+02 3.229E−02 9.171E−01 2.000E+01 3.600E+02 4.005E+00 2.497E−01 3.179E+02 3.321E+02 4.466E−02 3.179E+02 3.321E+02 4.466E−02 1.134E+00 3.000E+01 5.400E+02 4.633E+00 2.158E−01 3.583E+02 3.820E+02 6.601E−02 3.583E+02 3.820E+02 6.601E−02 1.509E+00 4.000E+01 7.200E+02 5.022E+00 1.991E−01 3.936E+02 4.262E+02 8.294E−02 3.936E+02 4.262E+02 8.294E−02 1.831E+00 5.000E+01 9.000E+02 5.275E+00 1.896E−01 4.250E+02 4.660E+02 9.637E−02 4.247E+02 4.654E+02 9.579E−02 2.119E+00 6.000E+01 1.080E+03 5.444E+00 1.837E−01 4.535E+02 5.021E+02 1.072E−01 4.501E+02 4.958E+02 1.015E−01 2.382E+00 7.000E+01 1.260E+03 5.557E+00 1.800E−01 4.798E+02 5.354E+02 1.159E−01 4.716E+02 5.206E+02 1.040E−01 2.627E+00 8.000E+01 1.440E+03 5.632E+00 1.776E−01 5.041E+02 5.662E+02 1.231E−01 4.904E+02 5.420E+02 1.052E−01 2.858E+00 9.000E+01 1.620E+03 5.680E+00 1.761E−01 5.268E+02 5.948E+02 1.291E−01 5.073E+02 5.610E+02 1.058E−01 3.076E+00 1.000E+02 1.800E+03 5.708E+00 1.752E−01 5.482E+02 6.217E+02 1.340E−01 5.227E+02 5.782E+02 1.062E−01 3.284E+00 1.500E+02 2.700E+03 5.744E+00 1.741E−01 6.395E+02 7.346E+02 1.488E−01 5.855E+02 6.479E+02 1.064E−01 4.223E+00 2.000E+02 3.600E+03 5.785E+00 1.729E−01 7.127E+02 8.226E+02 1.542E−01 6.338E+02 7.006E+02 1.055E−01 5.052E+00 3.000E+02 5.400E+03 5.844E+00 1.711E−01 8.256E+02 9.515E+02 1.525E−01 7.052E+02 7.763E+02 1.008E−01 6.541E+00 4.000E+02 7.200E+03 5.859E+00 1.707E−01 9.088E+02 1.039E+03 1.436E−01 7.548E+02 8.250E+02 9.303E−02 7.923E+00

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

4.000E+02 7.200E+03 5.859E+00 1.707E−01 9.088E+02 1.039E+03 1.436E−01 7.548E+02 8.250E+02 9.303E−02 7.923E+00 5.000E+02 9.000E+03 5.835E+00 1.714E−01 9.713E+02 1.099E+03 1.319E−01 7.884E+02 8.544E+02 8.364E−02 9.267E+00 6.000E+02 1.080E+04 5.772E+00 1.732E−01 1.017E+03 1.138E+03 1.188E−01 8.085E+02 8.681E+02 7.364E−02 1.062E+01 7.000E+02 1.260E+04 5.686E+00 1.759E−01 1.050E+03 1.161E+03 1.057E−01 8.186E+02 8.712E+02 6.432E−02 1.200E+01 8.000E+02 1.440E+04 5.581E+00 1.792E−01 1.073E+03 1.175E+03 9.494E−02 8.206E+02 8.679E+02 5.768E−02 1.341E+01 9.000E+02 1.620E+04 5.470E+00 1.828E−01 1.090E+03 1.182E+03 8.481E−02 8.178E+02 8.605E+02 5.222E−02 1.487E+01 1.000E+03 1.800E+04 5.355E+00 1.868E−01 1.101E+03 1.185E+03 7.654E−02 8.107E+02 8.505E+02 4.905E−02 1.636E+01 1.500E+03 2.700E+04 4.784E+00 2.090E−01 1.106E+03 1.163E+03 5.125E−02 7.499E+02 7.893E+02 5.265E−02 2.442E+01 2.000E+03 3.600E+04 4.285E+00 2.334E−01 1.074E+03 1.120E+03 4.239E−02 6.924E+02 7.365E+02 6.375E−02 3.352E+01 3.000E+03 5.400E+04 3.518E+00 2.842E−01 9.848E+02 1.029E+03 4.455E−02 6.004E+02 6.541E+02 8.946E−02 5.486E+01 4.000E+03 7.200E+04 2.971E+00 3.366E−01 8.971E+02 9.488E+02 5.764E−02 5.304E+02 5.920E+02 1.161E−01 8.030E+01 5.000E+03 9.000E+04 2.567E+00 3.896E−01 8.206E+02 8.816E+02 7.430E−02 4.757E+02 5.432E+02 1.418E−01 1.098E+02 6.000E+03 1.080E+05 2.256E+00 4.433E−01 7.549E+02 8.245E+02 9.227E−02 4.317E+02 5.035E+02 1.661E−01 1.432E+02 7.000E+03 1.260E+05 2.010E+00 4.975E−01 6.987E+02 7.757E+02 1.103E−01 3.956E+02 4.704E+02 1.889E−01 1.805E+02 8.000E+03 1.440E+05 1.811E+00 5.523E−01 6.501E+02 7.334E+02 1.283E−01 3.653E+02 4.422E+02 2.105E−01 2.217E+02 9.000E+03 1.620E+05 1.646E+00 6.077E−01 6.077E+02 6.963E+02 1.458E−01 3.395E+02 4.179E+02 2.309E−01 2.668E+02 1.000E+04 1.800E+05 1.507E+00 6.634E−01 5.707E+02 6.635E+02 1.628E−01 3.173E+02 3.967E+02 2.502E−01 3.157E+02 1.500E+04 2.700E+05 1.053E+00 9.493E−01 4.375E+02 5.426E+02 2.400E−01 2.400E+02 3.201E+02 3.337E−01 6.177E+02 2.000E+04 3.600E+05 8.035E−01 1.245E+00 3.555E+02 4.640E+02 3.052E−01 1.939E+02 2.715E+02 4.002E−01 1.014E+03 3.000E+04 5.400E+05 5.393E−01 1.854E+00 2.599E+02 3.662E+02 4.091E−01 1.414E+02 2.120E+02 4.995E−01 2.080E+03 4.000E+04 7.200E+05 4.031E−01 2.480E+00 2.058E+02 3.064E+02 4.889E−01 1.123E+02 1.762E+02 5.697E−01 3.503E+03 5.000E+04 9.000E+05 3.234E−01 3.092E+00 1.725E+02 2.661E+02 5.429E−01 9.400E+01 1.524E+02 6.217E−01 5.226E+03 6.000E+04 1.080E+06 2.704E−01 3.698E+00 1.493E+02 2.367E+02 5.853E−01 8.130E+01 1.352E+02 6.628E−01 7.244E+03 7.000E+04 1.260E+06 2.328E−01 4.295E+00 1.323E+02 2.141E+02 6.186E−01 7.195E+01 1.220E+02 6.959E−01 9.540E+03 8.000E+04 1.440E+06 2.048E−01 4.884E+00 1.192E+02 1.961E+02 6.454E−01 6.477E+01 1.116E+02 7.232E−01 1.210E+04 9.000E+04 1.620E+06 1.831E−01 5.462E+00 1.089E+02 1.815E+02 6.671E−01 5.907E+01 1.031E+02 7.461E−01 1.490E+04 1.000E+05 1.800E+06 1.658E−01 6.031E+00 1.005E+02 1.693E+02 6.849E−01 5.443E+01 9.609E+01 7.654E−01 1.794E+04 1.500E+05 2.700E+06 1.146E−01 8.727E+00 7.444E+01 1.293E+02 7.368E−01 4.002E+01 7.314E+01 8.277E−01 3.631E+04 2.000E+05 3.600E+06 8.931E−02 1.120E+01 6.086E+01 1.068E+02 7.553E−01 3.247E+01 6.030E+01 8.571E−01 5.922E+04 3.000E+05 5.400E+06 6.423E−02 1.557E+01 4.671E+01 8.189E+01 7.531E−01 2.461E+01 4.605E+01 8.717E−01 1.157E+05 4.000E+05 7.200E+06 5.174E−02 1.933E+01 3.935E+01 6.811E+01 7.310E−01 2.053E+01 3.817E+01 8.593E−01 1.831E+05 5.000E+05 9.000E+06 4.424E−02 2.260E+01 3.481E+01 5.926E+01 7.022E−01 1.803E+01 3.308E+01 8.349E−01 2.587E+05 6.000E+05 1.080E+07 3.922E−02 2.550E+01 3.172E+01 5.305E+01 6.723E−01 1.634E+01 2.951E+01 8.060E−01 3.407E+05 7.000E+05 1.260E+07 3.562E−02 2.808E+01 2.948E+01 4.843E+01 6.427E−01 1.512E+01 2.684E+01 7.750E−01 4.277E+05 8.000E+05 1.440E+07 3.290E−02 3.039E4−01 2.778E+01 4.485E+01 6.145E−01 1.420E+01 2.477E+01 7.438E−01 5.187E+05 9.000E+05 1.620E+07 3.078E−02 3.249E+01 2.644E+01 4.199E+01 5.878E−01 1.349E+01 2.311E+01 7.132E−01 6.130E+05 1.000E+06 1.800E+07 2.907E−02 3.440E+01 2.536E+01 3.964E+01 5.631E−01 1.292E+01 2.175E+01 6.839E−01 7.100E+05

FLUORINE-19 IONS: A=19 Z=9 (a) Instantaneous Data

∆M=−1.48738 MeV Mc2=1.7697E+04 MeV

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

1.000E−01 1.900E+00 2.147E−07 0.000E+00 1.451E−01 6.891E+00 1.904E+02 1.904E+02 1.511E−02 1.446E+02 1.500E−01 2.850E+00 3.221E−07 0.000E+00 2.131E−01 4.694E+00 2.054E+02 2.054E+02 1.987E−02 1.268E+02 2.000E−01 3.800E+00 4.295E−07 0.000E+00 2.672E−01 3.743E+00 2.131E+02 2.131E+02 2.438E−02 1.159E+02 3.000E−01 5.700E+00 6.442E−07 0.000E+00 3.879E−01 2.578E+00 2.233E+02 2.233E+02 3.303E−02 1.027E+02 4.000E−01 7.600E+00 8.589E−07 0.000E+00 4.828E−01 2.071E+00 2.278E+02 2.278E+02 4.142E−02 9.456E+01 5.000E−01 9.500E+00 1.074E−06 0.000E+00 5.833E−01 1.714E+00 2.307E+02 2.307E+02 4.968E−02 8.889E+01 6.000E−01 1.140E+01 1.288E−06 0.000E+00 6.912E−01 1.447E+00 2.326E+02 2.326E+02 5.787E−02 8.464E+01 7.000E−01 1.330E+01 1.503E−06 0.000E+00 7.711E−01 1.297E+00 2.336E+02 2.336E+02 6.601E−02 8.129E+01 8.000E−01 1.520E+01 1.718E−06 0.000E+00 8.524E−01 1.173E+00 2.344E+02 2.344E+02 7.412E−02 7.856E+01

7.627E+01 1.000E+00 1.900E+01 2.147E−06 0.000E+00 1.021E+00 9.798E−01 2.356E+02 2.356E+02 9.027E−02 7.432E+01 1.500E+00 2.850E+01 3.221E−06 0.000E+00 1.425E+00 7.016E−01 2.384E+02 2.384E+02 1.303E−01 6.757E+01 2.000E+00 3.800E+01 4.295E−06 0.000E+00 1.728E+00 5.787E−01 2.414E+02 2.414E+02 1.699E−01 6.343E+01 3.000E+00 5.700E+01 6.442E−06 0.000E+00 2.350E+00 4.256E−01 2.511E+02 2.511E+02 2.469E−01 5.838E+01 4.000E+00 7.600E+01 8.589E−06 0.000E+00 2.794E+00 3.579E−01 2.609E+02 2.609E+02 3.207E−01 5.529E+01 5.000E+00 9.500E+01 1.074E−05 0.000E+00 3.227E+00 3.099E−01 2.726E+02 2.726E+02 3.913E−01 5.313E+01 6.000E+00 1.140E+02 1.288E−05 0.000E+00 3.652E+00 2.738E−01 2.861E+02 2.861E+02 4.588E−01 5.151E+01 7.000E+00 1.330E+02 1.503E−05 0.000E+00 3.943E+00 2.536E−01 2.966E+02 2.966E+02 5.235E−01 5.023E+01 8.000E+00 1.520E+02 1.718E−05 0.000E+00 4.218E+00 2.371E−01 3.075E+02 3.075E+02 5.856E−01 4.920E+01 9.000E+00 1.710E+02 1.933E−05 0.000E+00 4.480E+00 2.232E−01 3.189E+02 3.189E+02 6.453E−01 4.832E+01 1.000E+01 1.900E+02 2.147E−05 0.000E+00 4.729E+00 2.115E−01 3.307E+02 3.307E+02 7.029E−01 4.758E+01 1.500E+01 2.850E+02 3.221E−05 0.000E+00 5.675E+00 1.762E−01 3.879E+02 3.879E+02 9.647E−01 4.501E+01 2.000E+01 3.800E+02 4.294E−05 0.000E+00 6.165E+00 1.622E−01 4.310E+02 4.310E+02 1.194E+00 4.344E+01 3.000E+01 5.700E+02 6.441E−05 0.000E+00 6.736E+00 1.485E−01 5.191E+02 5.191E+02 1.589E+00 4.151E+01 4.000E+01 7.600E+02 8.589E−05 0.000E+00 6.879E+00 1.454E−01 5.822E+02 5.822E+02 1.929E+00 4.033E+01 5.000E+01 9.500E+02 1.074E−04 0.000E+00 6.867E+00 1.456E−01 6.440E+02 6.359E+02 2.233E+00 3.951E+01 6.000E+01 1.140E+03 1.288E−04 0.000E+00 6.746E+00 1.482E−01 7.053E+02 6.654E+02 2.511E+00 3.890E+01 7.000E+01 1.330E+03 1.503E−04 0.000E+00 6.614E+00 1.512E−01 7.479E+02 6.872E+02 2.770E+00 3.841E+01 8.000E+01 1.520E+03 1.718E−04 0.000E+00 6.457E+00 1.549E−01 7.889E+02 7.090E+02 3.013E+00 3.802E+01 9.000E+01 1.710E+03 1.932E−04 0.000E+00 6.284E+00 1.591E−01 8.287E+02 7.308E+02 3.243E+00 3.768E+01 1.000E+02 1.900E+03 2.147E−04 0.000E+00 6.098E+00 1.640E−01 8.674E+02 7.525E+02 3.463E+00 3.740E+01 1.500E+02 2.850E+03 3.220E−04 0.000E+00 5.929E+00 1.687E−01 1.026E+03 8.447E+02 4.454E+00 3.642E+01 2.000E+02 3.800E+03 4.293E−04 0.000E+00 6.028E+00 1.659E−01 1.122E+03 9.004E+02 5.328E+00 3.582E+01 3.000E+02 5.700E+03 6.439E−04 0.000E+00 6.018E+00 1.662E−01 1.264E+03 9.756E+02 6.901E+00 3.509E+01 4.000E+02 7.600E+03 8.584E−04 0.000E+00 5.861E+00 1.706E−01 1.323E+03 9.940E+02 8.360E+00 3.464E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp keV/µm

LET keV/µm

L100 µm

R µm

W eV

4.000E+02 7.600E+03 8.584E−04 0.000E+00 5.861E+00 1.706E−01 1.323E+03 9.940E+02 8.360E+00 3.464E+01 5.000E+02 9.500E+03 1.073E−03 0.000E+00 5.593E+00 1.788E−01 1.343E+03 9.795E+02 9.779E+00 3.433E+01 6.000E+02 1.140E+04 1.287E−03 2.801E+04 5.191E+00 1.926E−01 1.319E+03 9.230E+02 1.121E+01 3.410E+01 7.000E+02 1.330E+04 1.501E−03 2.617E+04 4.913E+00 2.035E−01 1.294E+03 8.775E+02 1.267E+01 3.391E+01 8.000E+02 1.520E+04 1.716E−03 2.452E+04 4.650E+00 2.150E−01 1.266E+03 8.303E+02 1.416E+01 3.376E+01 9.000E+02 1.710E+04 1.930E−03 2.302E+04 4.401E+00 2.272E−01 1.235E+03 7.819E+02 1.569E+01 3.363E+01 1.000E+03 1.900E+04 2.144E−03 2.164E+04 4.165E+00 2.401E−01 1.203E+03 7.328E+02 1.727E+01 3.353E+01 1.500E+03 2.850E+04 3.213E−03 1.664E+04 3.262E+00 3.066E−01 1.052E+03 5.761E+02 2.578E+01 3.315E+01 2.000E+03 3.800E+04 4.281E−03 1.401E+04 2.762E+00 3.621E−01 9.498E+02 5.158E+02 3.538E+01 3.292E+01 3.000E+03 5.700E+04 6.411E−03 1.025E+04 2.027E+00 4.934E−01 7.725E+02 4.152E+02 5.790E+01 3.265E+01 4.000E+03 7.600E+04 8.534E−03 8.391E+03 1.656E+00 6.038E−01 6.697E+02 3.583E+02 8.476E+01 3.248E+01 5.000E+03 9.500E+04 1.065E−02 6.986E+03 1.374E+00 7.276E−01 5.843E+02 3.117E+02 1.158E+02 3.236E+01 6.000E+03 1.140E+05 1.276E−02 5.877E+03 1.151E+00 8.687E−01 5.117E+02 2.725E+02 1.511E+02 3.227E+01 7.000E+03 1.330E+05 1.486E−02 5.234E+03 1.022E+00 9.789E−01 4.672E+02 2.486E+02 1.905E+02 3.220E+01 8.000E+03 1.520E+05 1.696E−02 4.692E+03 9.126E−01 1.096E+00 4.282E+02 2.278E+02 2.340E+02 3.214E+01 9.000E+03 1.710E+05 1.905E−02 4.229E+03 8.193E−01 1.221E+00 3.937E+02 2.095E+02 2.816E+02 3.209E+01 1.000E+04 1.900E+05 2.113E−02 3.826E+03 7.384E−01 1.354E+00 3.628E+02 1.931E+02 3.333E+02 3.205E+01 1.500E+04 2.850E+05 3.145E−02 2.555E+03 4.838E−01 2.067E+00 2.585E+02 1.382E+02 6.520E+02 3.191E+01 2.000E+04 3.800E+05 4.160E−02 1.997E+03 3.728E−01 2.683E+00 2.090E+02 1.123E+02 1.070E+03 3.182E+01 3.000E+04 5.700E+05 6.143E−02 1.322E+03 2.394E−01 4.177E+00 1.450E+02 7.906E+01 2.196E+03 3.172E+01 4.000E+04 7.600E+05 8.066E−02 1.035E+03 1.833E−01 5.456E+00 1.160E+02 6.408E+01 3.697E+03 3.165E+01 5.000E+04 9.500E+05 9.930E−02 8.376E+02 1.495E−01 6.687E+00 9.825E+01 5.338E+01 5.516E+03 3.161E+01

3.157E+01 7.000E+04 1.330E+06 1.349E−01 6.133E+02 1.087E−01 9.197E+00 7.545E+01 4.074E+01 1.007E+04 3.154E+01 8.000E+04 1.520E+06 1.519E−01 5.488E+02 9.715E−02 1.029E+01 6.874E+01 3.699E+01 1.277E+04 3.152E+01 9.000E+04 1.710E+06 1.685E−01 4.952E+02 8.758E−02 1.142E+01 6.309E+01 3.382E+01 1.573E+04 3.150E+01 1.000E+05 1.900E+06 1.845E−01 4.500E+02 7.952E−02 1.257E+01 5.826E+01 3.112E+01 1.894E+04 3.149E+01 1.500E+05 2.850E+06 2.582E−01 3.139E+02 5.541E−02 1.805E+01 4.330E+01 2.272E+01 3.833E+04 3.143E+01 2.000E+05 3.800E+06 3.223E−01 2.568E+02 4.533E−02 2.206E+01 3.678E+01 1.908E+01 6.251E+04 3.140E+01 3.000E+05 5.700E+06 4.279E−01 1.894E+02 3.337E−02 2.997E+01 2.881E+01 1.467E+01 1.221E+05 3.136E+01 4.000E+05 7.600E+06 5.106E−01 1.613E+02 2.833E−02 3.529E+01 2.537E+01 1.281E+01 1.933E+05 3.134E+01 5.000E+05 9.500E+06 5.766E−01 1.423E+02 2.488E−02 4.020E+01 2.300E+01 1.154E+01 2.731E+05 3.132E+01 6.000E+05 1.140E+07 6.301E−01 1.286E+02 2.234E−02 4.476E+01 2.127E+01 1.064E+01 3.596E+05 3.131E+01 7.000E+05 1.330E+07 6.740E−01 1.212E+02 2.095E−02 4.774E+01 2.032E+01 1.016E+01 4.514E+05 3.130E+01 8.000E+05 1.520E+07 7.106E−01 1.152E+02 1.982E−02 5.046E+01 1.956E+01 9.787E+00 5.475E+05 3.129E+01 9.000E+05 1.710E+07 7.413E−01 1.104E+02 1.887E−02 5.298E+01 1.894E+01 9.490E+00 6.471E+05 3.128E+01 1.000E+06 1.900E+07 7.674E−01 1.064E+02 1.808E−02 5.532E+01 1.843E+01 9.252E+00 7.495E+05 3.127E+01

(b) Equilibrium Values

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

1.000E−01 1.900E+00 6.921E−02 1.445E+01 1.437E+02 1.550E+02 7.883E−02 1.437E+02 1.550E+02 7.883E−02 1.511E−02 1.500E−01 2.850E+00 1.001E−01 9.991E+00 1.587E+02 1.701E+02 7.203E−02 1.587E+02 1.701E+02 7.203E−02 1.987E−02 2.000E−01 3.800E+00 1.301E−01 7.686E+00 1.692E+02 1.803E+02 6.577E−02 1.692E+02 1.803E+02 6.577E−02 2.438E−02 3.000E−01 5.700E+00 1.882E−01 5.314E+00 1.833E+02 1.935E+02 5.568E−02 1.833E+02 1.935E+02 5.568E−02 3.303E−02 4.000E−01 7.600E+00 2.441E−01 4.097E+00 1.925E+02 2.018E+02 4.812E−02 1.925E+02 2.018E+02 4.812E−02 4.142E−02 5.000E−01 9.500E+00 2.982E−01 3.354E+00 1.990E+02 2.074E+02 4.230E−02 1.990E+02 2.074E+02 4.230E−02 4.968E−02 6.000E−01 1.140E+01 3.506E−01 2.852E+00 2.039E+02 2.115E+02 3.769E−02 2.039E+02 2.115E+02 3.769E−02 5.787E−02 7.000E−01 1.330E+01 4.017E−01 2.490E+00 2.076E+02 2.147E+02 3.395E−02 2.076E+02 2.147E+02 3.395E−02 6.601E−02 8.000E−01 1.520E+01 4.513E−01 2.216E+00 2.106E+02 2.171E+02 3.088E−02 2.106E+02 2.171E+02 3.088E−02 7.412E−02 9.000E−01 1.710E+01 4.998E−01 2.001E+00 2.131E+02 2.191E+02 2.831E−02 2.131E+02 2.191E+02 2.831E−02 8.220E−02 1.000E+00 1.900E+01 5.472E−01 1.828E+00 2.151E+02 2.208E+02 2.614E−02 2.151E+02 2.208E+02 2.614E−02 9.027E−02 1.500E+00 2.850E+01 7.687E−01 1.301E+00 2.220E+02 2.262E+02 1.899E−02 2.220E+02 2.262E+02 1.899E−02 1.303E−01 2.000E+00 3.800E+01 9.693E−01 1.032E+00 2.263E+02 2.297E+02 1.515E−02 2.263E+02 2.297E+02 1.515E−02 1.699E−01 3.000E+00 5.700E+01 1.322E+00 7.562E−01 2.327E+02 2.354E+02 1.151E−02 2.327E+02 2.354E+02 1.151E−02 2.469E−01 4.000E+00 7.600E+01 1.627E+00 6.148E−01 2.384E+02 2.409E+02 1.035E−02 2.384E+02 2.409E+02 1.035E−02 3.207E−01 5.000E+00 9.500E+01 1.894E+00 5.279E−01 2.440E+02 2.465E+02 1.046E−02 2.440E+02 2.465E+02 1.046E−02 3.913E−01 6.000E+00 1.140E+02 2.132E+00 4.689E−01 2.495E+02 2.523E+02 1.136E−02 2.495E+02 2.523E+02 1.136E−02 4.588E−01 7.000E+00 1.330E+02 2.347E+00 4.261E−01 2.550E+02 2.582E+02 1.280E−02 2.550E+02 2.582E+02 1.280E−02 5.235E−01 8.000E+00 1.520E+02 2.542E+00 3.934E−01 2.604E+02 2.642E+02 1.461E−02 2.604E+02 2.642E+02 1.461E−02 5.856E−01 9.000E+00 1.710E+02 2.720E+00 3.677E−01 2.657E+02 2.702E+02 1.668E−02 2.657E+02 2.702E+02 1.668E−02 6.453E−01 1.000E+01 1.900E+02 2.884E+00 3.468E−01 2.710E+02 2.761E+02 1.893E−02 2.710E+02 2.761E+02 1.893E−02 7.029E−01 1.500E+01 2.850E+02 3.539E+00 2.826E−01 2.959E+02 3.052E+02 3.132E−02 2.959E+02 3.052E+02 3.132E−02 9.647E−01 2.000E+01 3.800E+02 4.010E+00 2.494E−01 3.187E+02 3.327E+02 4.363E−02 3.187E+02 3.327E+02 4.363E−02 1.194E+00 3.000E+01 5.700E+02 4.638E+00 2.156E−01 3.591E+02 3.824E+02 6.496E−02 3.591E+02 3.824E+02 6.496E−02 1.589E+00 4.000E+01 7.600E+02 5.026E+00 1.990E−01 3.943E+02 4.266E+02 8.190E−02 3.943E+02 4.266E+02 8.190E−02 1.929E+00 5.000E+01 9.500E+02 5.279E+00 1.894E−01 4.257E+02 4.663E+02 9.537E−02 4.253E+02 4.655E+02 9.457E−02 2.233E+00 6.000E+01 1.140E+03 5.448E+00 1.836E−01 4.542E+02 5.024E+02 1.062E−01 4.507E+02 4.959E+02 1.004E−01 2.511E+00 7.000E+01 1.330E+03 5.561E+00 1.798E−01 4.804E+02 5.356E+02 1.150E−01 4.721E+02 5.207E+02 1.030E−01 2.770E+00 8.000E+01 1.520E+03 5.635E+00 1.775E−01 5.047E+02 5.664E+02 1.222E−01 4.909E+02 5.421E+02 1.043E−01 3.013E+00 9.000E+01 1.710E+03 5.683E+00 1.760E−01 5.274E+02 5.950E+02 1.282E−01 5.078E+02 5.611E+02 1.049E−01 3.243E+00 1.000E+02 1.900E+03 5.711E+00 1.751E−01 5.488E+02 6.218E+02 1.331E−01 5.232E+02 5.783E+02 1.053E−01 3.463E+00 1.500E+02 2.850E+03 5.747E+00 1.740E−01 6.401E+02 7.349E+02 1.481E−01 5.860E+02 6.480E+02 1.058E−01 4.454E+00 2.000E+02 3.800E+03 5.787E+00 1.728E−01 7.133E+02 8.228E+02 1.535E−01 6.341E+02 7.007E+02 1.049E−01 5.328E+00 3.000E+02 5.700E+03 5.846E+00 1.710E−01 8.260E+02 9.516E+02 1.520E−01 7.055E+02 7.763E+02 1.003E−01 6.901E+00 4.000E+02 7.600E+03 5.861E+00 1.706E−01 9.092E+02 1.039E+03 1.432E−01 7.551E+02 8.250E+02 9.263E−02 8.360E+00

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

4.000E+02 7.600E+03 5.861E+00 1.706E−01 9.092E+02 1.039E+03 1.432E−01 7.551E+02 8.250E+02 9.263E−02 8.360E+00 5.000E+02 9.500E+03 5.836E+00 1.714E−01 9.717E+02 1.099E+03 1.315E−01 7.887E+02 8.544E+02 8.330E−02 9.779E+00 6.000E+02 1.140E+04 5.773E+00 1.732E−01 1.017E+03 1.138E+03 1.185E−01 8.088E+02 8.681E+02 7.337E−02 1.121E+01 7.000E+02 1.330E+04 5.685E+00 1.759E−01 1.050E+03 1.161E+03 1.059E−01 8.185E+02 8.713E+02 6.447E−02 1.267E+01 8.000E+02 1.520E+04 5.582E+00 1.792E−01 1.074E+03 1.175E+03 9.469E−02 8.208E+02 8.679E+02 5.747E−02 1.416E+01 9.000E+02 1.710E+04 5.470E+00 1.828E−01 1.090E+03 1.182E+03 8.491E−02 8.177E+02 8.605E+02 5.235E−02 1.569E+01 1.000E+03 1.900E+04 5.354E+00 1.868E−01 1.101E+03 1.185E+03 7.664E−02 8.106E+02 8.505E+02 4.918E−02 1.727E+01 1.500E+03 2.850E+04 4.784E+00 2.090E−01 1.106E+03 1.163E+03 5.131E−02 7.497E+02 7.893E+02 5.282E−02 2.578E+01 2.000E+03 3.800E+04 4.286E+00 2.333E−01 1.074E+03 1.120E+03 4.217E−02 6.924E+02 7.365E+02 6.361E−02 3.538E+01 3.000E+03 5.700E+04 3.518E+00 2.842E−01 9.849E+02 1.029E+03 4.447E−02 6.003E+02 6.540E+02 8.942E−02 5.790E+01 4.000E+03 7.600E+04 2.971E+00 3.365E−01 8.972E+02 9.489E+02 5.756E−02 5.304E+02 5.919E+02 1.161E−01 8.476E+01 5.000E+03 9.500E+04 2.567E+00 3.896E−01 8.206E+02 8.816E+02 7.431E−02 4.757E+02 5.431E+02 1.418E−01 1.158E+02 6.000E+03 1.140E+05 2.256E+00 4.433E−01 7.550E+02 8.246E+02 9.221E−02 4.317E+02 5.034E+02 1.660E−01 1.511E+02 7.000E+03 1.330E+05 2.010E+00 4.976E−01 6.987E+02 7.758E+02 1.104E−01 3.956E+02 4.703E+02 1.890E−01 1.905E+02 8.000E+03 1.520E+05 1.810E+00 5.524E−01 6.501E+02 7.334E+02 1.283E−01 3.653E+02 4.422E+02 2.105E−01 2.340E+02 9.000E+03 1.710E+05 1.646E+00 6.077E−01 6.078E+02 6.964E+02 1.458E−01 3.395E+02 4.179E+02 2.309E−01 2.816E+02 1.000E+04 1.900E+05 1.507E+00 6.635E−01 5.706E+02 6.635E+02 1.628E−01 3.173E+02 3.967E+02 2.503E−01 3.333E+02 1.500E+04 2.850E+05 1.053E+00 9.493E−01 4.376E+02 5.426E+02 2.400E−01 2.400E+02 3.200E+02 3.336E−01 6.520E+02 2.000E+04 3.800E+05 8.034E−01 1.245E+00 3.555E+02 4.640E+02 3.053E−01 1.939E+02 2.715E+02 4.002E−01 1.070E+03 3.000E+04 5.700E+05 5.393E−01 1.854E+00 2.599E+02 3.662E+02 4.090E−01 1.414E+02 2.120E+02 4.994E−01 2.196E+03 4.000E+04 7.600E+05 4.031E−01 2.481E+00 2.058E+02 3.064E+02 4.890E−01 1.122E+02 1.762E+02 5.698E−01 3.697E+03 5.000E+04 9.500E+05 3.232E−01 3.094E+00 1.723E+02 2.661E+02 5.447E−01 9.398E+01 1.524E+02 6.218E−01 5.516E+03 6.000E+04 1.140E+06 2.703E−01 3.700E+00 1.492E+02 2.367E+02 5.865E−01 8.129E+01 1.352E+02 6.627E−01 7.647E+03 7.000E+04 1.330E+06 2.327E−01 4.298E+00 1.322E+02 2.141E+02 6.197E−01 7.194E+01 1.220E+02 6.960E−01 1.007E+04 8.000E+04 1.520E+06 2.046E−01 4.886E+00 1.191E+02 1.961E+02 6.463E−01 6.476E+01 1.116E+02 7.233E−01 1.277E+04 9.000E+04 1.710E+06 1.830E−01 5.465E+00 1.088E+02 1.815E+02 6.679E−01 5.906E+01 1.031E+02 7.462E−01 1.573E+04 1.000E+05 1.900E+06 1.657E−01 6.034E+00 1.004E+02 1.692E+02 6.856E−01 5.442E+01 9.608E+01 7.655E−01 1.894E+04 1.500E+05 2.850E+06 1.146E−01 8.730E+00 7.442E+01 1.293E+02 7.368E−01 4.002E+01 7.313E+01 8.275E−01 3.833E+04 2.000E+05 3.800E+06 8.928E−02 1.120E+01 6.084E+01 1.068E+02 7.553E−01 3.246E+01 6.029E+01 8.571E−01 6.251E+04 3.000E+05 5.700E+06 6.422E−02 1.557E+01 4.671E+01 8.187E+01 7.528E−01 2.460E+01 4.605E+01 8.715E−01 1.221E+05 4.000E+05 7.600E+06 5.173E−02 1.933E+01 3.935E+01 6.809E+01 7.306E−01 2.053E+01 3.816E+01 8.590E−01 1.933E+05 5.000E+05 9.500E+06 4.423E−02 2.261E+01 3.481E+01 5.924E+01 7.020E−01 1.803E+01 3.308E+01 8.350E−01 2.731E+05 6.000E+05 1.140E+07 3.921E−02 2.550E+01 3.172E+01 5.303E+01 6.720E−01 1.634E+01 2.951E+01 8.059E−01 3.596E+05 7.000E+05 1.330E+07 3.561E−02 2.808E+01 2.948E+01 4.841E+01 6.424E−01 1.512E+01 2.684E+01 7.749E−01 4.514E+05 8.000E+05 1.520E+07 3.290E−02 3.040E+01 2.778E+01 4.484E+01 6.142E−01 1.420E+01 2.477E+01 7.437E−01 5.475E+05 9.000E+05 1.710E+07 3.078E−02 3.249E+01 2.644E+01 4.198E+01 5.876E−01 1.349E+01 2.311E+01 7.132E−01 6.471E+05 1.000E+06 1.900E+07 2.907E−02 3.440E+01 2.536E+01 3.964E+01 5.627E−01 1.292E+01 2.175E+01 6.837E−01 7.495E+05

FLUORINE-20 IONS: A=20 Z=9 (a) Instantaneous Data

∆M =−0.01716 MeV Mc2=1.8630E+04 MeV

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 Z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

1.000E−01 2.000E+00 2.147E−07 0.000E+00 1.493E−01 6.697E+00 1.948E+02 1.948E+02 1.554E−02 1.446E+02 1.500E−01 3.000E+00 3.221E−07 0.000E+00 2.083E−01 4.800E+00 2.077E+02 2.077E+02 2.047E−02 1.268E+02 2.000E−01 4.000E+00 4.294E−07 0.000E+00 2.747E−01 3.640E+00 2.170E+02 2.170E+02 2.515E−02 1.159E+02 3.000E−01 6.000E+00 6.441E−07 0.000E+00 3.795E−01 2.635E+00 2.257E+02 2.257E+02 3.413E−02 1.027E+02 4.000E−01 8.000E+00 8.588E−07 0.000E+00 4.960E−01 2.016E+00 2.309E+02 2.309E+02 4.286E−02 9.456E+01 5.000E−01 1.000E+01 1.074E−06 0.000E+00 5.990E−01 1.670E+00 2.336E+02 2.336E+02 5.146E−02 8.889E+01 6.000E−01 1.200E+01 1.288E−06 0.000E+00 6.769E−01 1.477E+00 2.348E+02 2.348E+02 5.998E−02 8.464E+01 7.000E−01 1.400E+01 1.503E−06 0.000E+00 7.914E−01 1.264E+00 2.361E+02 2.361E+02 6.847E−02 8.129E+01 8.000E−01 1.600E+01 1.718E−06 0.000E+00 8.745E−01 1.143E+00 2.367E+02 2.367E+02 7.693E−02 7.856E+01

7.627E+01 1.000E+00 2.000E+01 2.147E−06 0.000E+00 1.047E+00 9.554E−01 2.376E+02 2.376E+02 9.378E−02 7.432E+01 1.500E+00 3.000E+01 3.221E−06 0.000E+00 1.398E+00 7.153E−01 2.397E+02 2.397E+02 1.357E−01 6.757E+01 2.000E+00 4.000E+01 4.294E−06 0.000E+00 1.769E+00 5.653E−01 2.432E+02 2.432E+02 1.770E−01 6.343E+01 3.000E+00 6.000E+01 6.441E−06 0.000E+00 2.309E+00 4.331E−01 2.513E+02 2.513E+02 2.577E−01 5.838E+01 4.000E+00 8.000E+01 8.588E−06 0.000E+00 2.853E+00 3.505E−01 2.631E+02 2.631E+02 3.352E−01 5.529E+01 5.000E+00 1.000E+02 1.074E−05 0.000E+00 3.291E+00 3.039E−01 2.751E+02 2.751E+02 4.094E−01 5.313E+01 6.000E+00 1.200E+02 1.288E−05 0.000E+00 3.598E+00 2.779E−01 2.848E+02 2.848E+02 4.803E−01 5.151E+01 7.000E+00 1.400E+02 1.503E−05 0.000E+00 4.013E+00 2.492E−01 2.997E+02 2.997E+02 5.483E−01 5.023E+01 8.000E+00 1.600E+02 1.718E−05 0.000E+00 4.290E+00 2.331E−01 3.109E+02 3.109E+02 6.135E−01 4.920E+01 9.000E+00 1.800E+02 1.932E−05 0.000E+00 4.552E+00 2.197E−01 3.226E+02 3.226E+02 6.764E−01 4.832E+01 1.000E+01 2.000E+02 2.147E−05 0.000E+00 4.802E+00 2.083E−01 3.347E+02 3.347E+02 7.369E−01 4.758E+01 1.500E+01 3.000E+02 3.221E−05 0.000E+00 5.622E+00 1.779E−01 3.842E+02 3.842E+02 1.012E+00 4.501E+01 2.000E+01 4.000E+02 4.294E−05 0.000E+00 6.219E+00 1.608E−01 4.370E+02 4.370E+02 1.253E+00 4.344E+01 3.000E+01 6.000E+02 6.441E−05 0.000E+00 6.713E+00 1.490E−01 5.134E+02 5.134E+02 1.669E+00 4.151E+01 4.000E+01 8.000E+02 8.588E−05 0.000E+00 6.885E+00 1.452E−01 5.907E+02 5.907E+02 2.027E+00 4.033E+01 5.000E+01 1.000E+03 1.073E−04 0.000E+00 6.855E+00 1.459E−01 6.533E+02 6.403E+02 2.347E+00 3.951E+01 6.000E+01 1.200E+03 1.288E−04 0.000E+00 6.767E+00 1.478E−01 6.975E+02 6.616E+02 2.640E+00 3.890E+01 7.000E+01 1.400E+03 1.503E−04 0.000E+00 6.577E+00 1.520E−01 7.584E+02 6.927E+02 2.912E+00 3.841E+01 8.000E+01 1.600E+03 1.717E−04 0.000E+00 6.413E+00 1.559E−01 7.998E+02 7.149E+02 3.168E+00 3.802E+01 9.000E+01 1.800E+03 1.932E−04 0.000E+00 6.232E+00 1.605E−01 8.399E+02 7.371E+02 3.410E+00 3.768E+01 1.000E+02 2.000E+03 2.147E−04 0.000E+00 6.041E+00 1.655E−01 8.789E+02 7.590E+02 3.642E+00 3.740E+01 1.500E+02 3.000E+03 3.220E−04 0.000E+00 5.916E+00 1.690E−01 1.017E+03 8.391E+02 4.684E+00 3.642E+01 2.000E+02 4.000E+03 4.293E−04 0.000E+00 6.036E+00 1.657E−01 1.134E+03 9.070E+02 5.605E+00 3.582E+01 3.000E+02 6.000E+03 6.438E−04 0.000E+00 6.027E+00 1.659E−01 1.257E+03 9.724E+02 7.260E+00 3.509E+01 4.000E+02 8.000E+03 8.583E−04 0.000E+00 5.831E+00 1.715E−01 1.328E+03 9.941E+02 8.796E+00 3.464E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

4.000E+02 8.000E+03 8.583E−04 0.000E+00 5.831E+00 1.715E−01 1.328E+03 9.941E+02 8.796E+00 3.464E+01 5.000E+02 1.000E+04 1.073E−03 3.046E+04 5.536E+00 1.806E−01 1.341E+03 9.726E+02 1.029E+01 3.433E+01 6.000E+02 1.200E+04 1.287E−03 2.837E+04 5.243E+00 1.907E−01 1.323E+03 9.310E+02 1.179E+01 3.410E+01 7.000E+02 1.400E+04 1.501E−03 2.652E+04 4.967E+00 2.013E−01 1.299E+03 8.866E+02 1.333E+01 3.391E+01 8.000E+02 1.600E+04 1.715E−03 2.411E+04 4.582E+00 2.182E−01 1.258E+03 8.174E+02 1.490E+01 3.376E+01 9.000E+02 1.800E+04 1.930E−03 2.262E+04 4.333E+00 2.308E−01 1.226E+03 7.680E+02 1.652E+01 3.363E+01 1.000E+03 2.000E+04 2.144E−03 2.125E+04 4.097E+00 2.441E−01 1.193E+03 7.180E+02 1.817E+01 3.353E+01 1.500E+03 3.000E+04 3.213E−03 1.692E+04 3.313E+00 3.018E−01 1.062E+03 5.819E+02 2.713E+01 3.315E+01 2.000E+03 4.000E+04 4.280E−03 1.370E+04 2.703E+00 3.700E−01 9.367E+02 5.083E+02 3.724E+01 3.292E+01 3.000E+03 6.000E+04 6.410E−03 1.045E+04 2.066E+00 4.839E−01 7.829E+02 4.210E+02 6.095E+01 3.265E+01 4.000E+03 8.000E+04 8.533E−03 8.181E+03 1.614E+00 6.196E−01 6.573E+02 3.515E+02 8.921E+01 3.248E+01 5.000E+03 1.000E+05 1.065E−02 6.804E+03 1.338E+00 7.475E−01 5.727E+02 3.054E+02 1.219E+02 3.236E+01 6.000E+03 1.200E+05 1.276E−02 6.007E+03 1.177E+00 8.495E−01 5.204E+02 2.772E+02 1.591E+02 3.227E+01 7.000E+03 1.400E+05 1.486E−02 5.352E+03 1.045E+00 9.567E−01 4.754E+02 2.531E+02 2.005E+02 3.220E+01 8.000E+03 1.600E+05 1.696E−02 4.561E+03 8.861E−01 1.129E+00 4.185E+02 2.227E+02 2.463E+02 3.214E+01 9.000E+03 1.800E+05 1.905E−02 4.108E+03 7.950E−01 1.258E+00 3.845E+02 2.046E+02 2.964E+02 3.209E+01 1.000E+04 2.000E+05 2.113E−02 3.716E+03 7.162E−01 1.396E+00 3.541E+02 1.885E+02 3.508E+02 3.205E+01 1.500E+04 3.000E+05 3.144E−02 2.618E+03 4.963E−01 2.015E+00 2.639E+02 1.411E+02 6.863E+02 3.191E+01 2.000E+04 4.000E+05 4.160E−02 1.937E+03 3.608E−01 2.771E+00 2.035E+02 1.095E+02 1.126E+03 3.182E+01 3.000E+04 6.000E+05 6.143E−02 1.354E+03 2.458E−01 4.069E+00 1.482E+02 8.073E+01 2.312E+03 3.172E+01 4.000E+04 8.000E+05 8.065E−02 1.004E+03 1.773E−01 5.640E+00 1.128E+02 6.244E+01 3.892E+03 3.165E+01 5.000E+04 1.000E+06 9.929E−02 8.577E+02 1.532E−01 6.525E+00 1.003E+02 5.449E+01 5.806E+03 3.161E+01

3.157E+01 7.000E+04 1.400E+06 1.349E−01 6.276E+02 1.113E−01 8.983E+00 7.693E+01 4.157E+01 1.060E+04 3.154E+01 8.000E+04 1.600E+06 1.519E−01 5.334E+02 9.440E−02 1.059E+01 6.712E+01 3.609E+01 1.344E+04 3.152E+01 9.000E+04 1.800E+06 1.684E−01 4.816E+02 8.514E−02 1.174E+01 6.164E+01 3.301E+01 1.656E+04 3.150E+01 1.000E+05 2.000E+06 1.845E−01 4.601E+02 8.132E−02 1.230E+01 5.934E+01 3.172E+01 1.993E+04 3.149E+01 1.500E+05 3.000E+06 2.582E−01 3.204E+02 5.656E−02 1.768E+01 4.404E+01 2.314E+01 4.034E+04 3.143E+01 2.000E+05 4.000E+06 3.223E−01 2.618E+02 4.621E−02 2.164E+01 3.736E+01 1.940E+01 6.580E+04 3.140E+01 3.000E+05 6.000E+06 4.279E−01 1.926E+02 3.394E−02 2.946E+01 2.919E+01 1.488E+01 1.286E+05 3.136E+01 4.000E+05 8.000E+06 5.106E−01 1.638E+02 2.878E−02 3.475E+01 2.568E+01 1.297E+01 2.035E+05 3.134E+01 5.000E+05 1.000E+07 5.766E−01 1.442E+02 2.523E−02 3.963E+01 2.324E+01 1.167E+01 2.875E+05 3.132E+01 6.000E+05 1.200E+07 6.301E−01 1.301E+02 2.263E−02 4.419E+01 2.146E+01 1.074E+01 3.786E+05 3.131E+01 7.000E+05 1.400E+07 6.740E−01 1.225E+02 2.120E−02 4.717E+01 2.049E+01 1.025E+01 4.752E+05 3.130E+01 8.000E+05 1.600E+07 7.106E−01 1.164E+02 2.004E−02 4.990E+01 1.971E+01 9.859E+00 5.763E+05 3.129E+01 9.000E+05 1.800E+07 7.413E−01 1.114E+02 1.907E−02 5.243E+01 1.907E+01 9.551E+00 6.811E+05 3.128E+01 1.000E+06 2.000E+07 7.674E−01 1.073E+02 1.825E−02 5.478E+01 1.854E+01 9.304E+00 7.889E+05 3.127E+01

(b) Equilibrium Values

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

1.000E−01 2.000E+00 6.911E−02 1.447E+01 1.461E+02 1.577E+02 7.939E−02 1.461E+02 1.577E+02 7.939E−02 1.554E−02 1.500E−01 3.000E+00 1.000E−01 9.998E+00 1.613E+02 1.729E+02 7.222E−02 1.613E+02 1.729E+02 7.222E−02 2.047E−02 2.000E−01 4.000E+00 1.301E−01 7.687E+00 1.719E+02 1.832E+02 6.575E−02 1.719E+02 1.832E+02 6.575E−02 2.515E−02 3.000E−01 6.000E+00 1.882E−01 5.312E+00 1.861E+02 1.964E+02 5.541E−02 1.861E+02 1.964E+02 5.541E−02 3.413E−02 4.000E−01 8.000E+00 2.443E−01 4.094E+00 1.953E+02 2.046E+02 4.772E−02 1.953E+02 2.046E+02 4.772E−02 4.286E−02 5.000E−01 1.000E+01 2.984E−01 3.351E+00 2.018E+02 2.103E+02 4.182E−02 2.018E+02 2.103E+02 4.182E−02 5.146E−02 6.000E−01 1.200E+01 3.510E−01 2.849E+00 2.066E+02 2.143E+02 3.717E−02 2.066E+02 2.143E+02 3.717E−02 5.998E−02 7.000E−01 1.400E+01 4.022E−01 2.487E+00 2.103E+02 2.174E+02 3.342E−02 2.103E+02 2.174E+02 3.342E−02 6.847E−02 8.000E−01 1.600E+01 4.520E−01 2.213E+00 2.133E+02 2.198E+02 3.033E−02 2.133E+02 2.198E+02 3.033E−02 7.693E−02 9.000E−01 1.800E+01 5.005E−01 1.998E+00 2.157E+02 2.217E+02 2.776E−02 2.157E+02 2.217E+02 2.776E−02 8.536E−02 1.000E+00 2.000E+01 5.480E−01 1.825E+00 2.177E+02 2.233E+02 2.558E−02 2.177E+02 2.233E+02 2.558E−02 9.378E−02 1.500E+00 3.000E+01 7.700E−01 1.299E+00 2.243E+02 2.285E+02 1.845E−02 2.243E+02 2.285E+02 1.845E−02 1.357E−01 2.000E+00 4.000E+01 9.710E−01 1.030E+00 2.284E+02 2.318E+02 1.463E−02 2.284E+02 2.318E+02 1.463E−02 1.770E−01 3.000E+00 6.000E+01 1.325E+00 7.549E−01 2.345E+02 2.371E+02 1.101E−02 2.345E+02 2.371E+02 1.101E−02 2.577E−01 4.000E+00 8.000E+01 1.630E+00 6.137E−01 2.400E+02 2.424E+02 9.822E−03 2.400E+02 2.424E+02 9.822E−03 3.352E−01 5.000E+00 1.000E+02 1.897E+00 5.270E−01 2.454E+02 2.478E+02 9.894E−03 2.454E+02 2.478E+02 9.894E−03 4.094E−01 6.000E+00 1.200E+02 2.136E+00 4.682E−01 2.508E+02 2.535E+02 1.075E−02 2.508E+02 2.535E+02 1.075E−02 4.803E−01 7.000E+00 1.400E+02 2.351E+00 4.254E−01 2.562E+02 2.593E+02 1.214E−02 2.562E+02 2.593E+02 1.214E−02 5.483E−01 8.000E+00 1.600E+02 2.546E+00 3.928E−01 2.615E+02 2.652E+02 1.392E−02 2.615E+02 2.652E+02 1.392E−02 6.135E−01 9.000E+00 1.800E+02 2.724E+00 3.671E−01 2.668E+02 2.711E+02 1.595E−02 2.668E+02 2.711E+02 1.595E−02 6.764E−01 1.000E+01 2.000E+02 2.888E+00 3.463E−01 2.720E+02 2.770E+02 1.817E−02 2.720E+02 2.770E+02 1.817E−02 7.369E−01 1.500E+01 3.000E+02 3.544E+00 2.822E−01 2.969E+02 3.059E+02 3.045E−02 2.969E+02 3.059E+02 3.045E−02 1.012E+00 2.000E+01 4.000E+02 4.015E+00 2.491E−01 3.196E+02 3.332E+02 4.270E−02 3.196E+02 3.332E+02 4.270E−02 1.253E+00 3.000E+01 6.000E+02 4.643E+00 2.154E−01 3.598E+02 3.828E+02 6.399E−02 3.598E+02 3.828E+02 6.399E−02 1.669E+00 4.000E+01 8.000E+02 5.031E+00 1.988E−01 3.949E+02 4.269E+02 8.091E−02 3.949E+02 4.269E+02 8.091E−02 2.027E+00 5.000E+01 1.000E+03 5.283E+00 1.893E−01 4.263E+02 4.665E+02 9.441E−02 4.259E+02 4.659E+02 9.376E−02 2.347E+00 6.000E+01 1.200E+03 5.452E+00 1.834E−01 4.548E+02 5.027E+02 1.053E−01 4.513E+02 4.963E+02 9.957E−02 2.640E+00 7.000E+01 1.400E+03 5.564E+00 1.797E−01 4.810E+02 5.358E+02 1.141E−01 4.727E+02 5.210E+02 1.022E−01 2.912E+00 8.000E+01 1.600E+03 5.639E+00 1.773E−01 5.053E+02 5.666E+02 1.213E−01 4.915E+02 5.424E+02 1.035E−01 3.168E+00 9.000E+01 1.800E+03 5.686E+00 1.759E−01 5.280E+02 5.952E+02 1.274E−01 5.084E+02 5.614E+02 1.042E−01 3.410E+00 1.000E+02 2.000E+03 5.714E+00 1.750E−01 5.493E+02 6.220E+02 1.323E−01 5.238E+02 5.786E+02 1.046E−01 3.642E+00 1.500E+02 3.000E+03 5.749E+00 1.740E−01 6.405E+02 7.350E+02 1.474E−01 5.865E+02 6.481E+02 1.051E−01 4.684E+00 2.000E+02 4.000E+03 5.789E+00 1.727E−01 7.137E+02 8.228E+02 1.529E−01 6.346E+02 7.008E+02 1.044E−01 5.605E+00 3.000E+02 6.000E+03 5.848E+00 1.710E−01 8.265E+02 9.516E+02 1.515E−01 7.059E+02 7.764E+02 9.986E−02 7.260E+00 4.000E+02 8.000E+03 5.862E+00 1.706E−01 9.096E+02 1.039E+03 1.428E−01 7.554E+02 8.251E+02 9.226E−02 8.796E+00

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

4.000E+02 8.000E+03 5.862E+00 1.706E−01 9.096E+02 1.039E+03 1.428E−01 7.554E+02 8.251E+02 9.226E−02 8.796E+00 5.000E+02 1.000E+04 5.837E+00 1.713E−01 9.720E+02 1.100E+03 1.311E−01 7.890E+02 8.545E+02 8.298E−02 1.029E+01 6.000E+02 1.200E+04 5.774E+00 1.732E−01 1.018E+03 1.138E+03 1.181E−01 8.090E+02 8.681E+02 7.306E−02 1.179E+01 7.000E+02 1.400E+04 5.685E+00 1.759E−01 1.050E+03 1.161E+03 1.056E−01 8.187E+02 8.713E+02 6.422E−02 1.333E+01 8.000E+02 1.600E+04 5.582E+00 1.791E−01 1.074E+03 1.175E+03 9.442E−02 8.210E+02 8.679E+02 5.721E−02 1.490E+01 9.000E+02 1.800E+04 5.470E+00 1.828E−01 1.090E+03 1.182E+03 8.471E−02 8.179E+02 8.605E+02 5.214E−02 1.652E+01 1.000E+03 2.000E+04 5.354E+00 1.868E−01 1.101E+03 1.185E+03 7.644E−02 8.108E+02 8.505E+02 4.897E−02 1.817E+01 1.500E+03 3.000E+04 4.784E+00 2.090E−01 1.106E+03 1.163E+03 5.118E−02 7.498E+02 7.893E+02 5.264E−02 2.713E+01 2.000E+03 4.000E+04 4.286E+00 2.333E−01 1.075E+03 1.120E+03 4.207E−02 6.926E+02 7.365E+02 6.346E−02 3.724E+01 3.000E+03 6.000E+04 3.518E+00 2.842E−01 9.849E+02 1.029E+03 4.443E−02 6.004E+02 6.540E+02 8.936E−02 6.095E+01 4.000E+03 8.000E+04 2.972E+00 3.365E−01 8.973E+02 9.489E+02 5.751E−02 5.304E+02 5.920E+02 1.160E−01 8.921E+01 5.000E+03 1.000E+05 2.567E+00 3.896E−01 8.207E+02 8.816E+02 7.423E−02 4.757E+02 5.432E+02 1.417E−01 1.219E+02 6.000E+03 1.200E+05 2.256E+00 4.433E−01 7.550E+02 8.246E+02 9.221E−02 4.318E+02 5.035E+02 1.660E−01 1.591E+02 7.000E+03 1.400E+05 2.010E+00 4.976E−01 6.987E+02 7.758E+02 1.103E−01 3.956E+02 4.704E+02 1.889E−01 2.005E+02 8.000E+03 1.600E+05 1.810E+00 5.523E−01 6.501E+02 7.334E+02 1.282E−01 3.653E+02 4.422E+02 2.105E−01 2.463E+02 9.000E+03 1.800E+05 1.646E+00 6.076E−01 6.078E+02 6.964E+02 1.457E−01 3.395E+02 4.179E+02 2.309E−01 2.964E+02 1.000E+04 2.000E+05 1.507E+00 6.634E−01 5.707E+02 6.635E+02 1.627E−01 3.173E+02 3.967E+02 2.502E−01 3.508E+02 1.500E+04 3.000E+05 1.053E+00 9.494E−01 4.376E+02 5.426E+02 2.400E−01 2.400E+02 3.201E+02 3.337E−01 6.863E+02 2.000E+04 4.000E+05 8.035E−01 1.245E+00 3.555E+02 4.640E+02 3.052E−01 1.939E+02 2.715E+02 4.001E−01 1.126E+03 3.000E+04 6.000E+05 5.393E−01 1.854E+00 2.599E+02 3.662E+02 4.091E−01 1.414E+02 2.120E+02 4.994E−01 2.312E+03 4.000E+04 8.000E+05 4.031E−01 2.481E+00 2.058E+02 3.064E+02 4.888E−01 1.123E+02 1.762E+02 5.697E−01 3.892E+03 5.000E+04 1.000E+06 3.234E−01 3.092E+00 1.724E+02 2.661E+02 5.432E−01 9.399E+01 1.524E+02 6.217E−01 5.806E+03 6.000E+04 1.200E+06 2.704E−01 3.698E+00 1.493E+02 2.367E+02 5.855E−01 8.130E+01 1.352E+02 6.628E−01 8.049E+03 7.000E+04 1.400E+06 2.328E−01 4.296E+00 1.322E+02 2.141E+02 6.188E−01 7.195E+01 1.220E+02 6.959E−01 1.060E+04 8.000E+04 1.600E+06 2.047E−01 4.884E+00 1.192E+02 1.961E+02 6.455E−01 6.477E+01 1.116E+02 7.232E−01 1.344E+04 9.000E+04 1.800E+06 1.831E−01 5.463E+00 1.088E+02 1.815E+02 6.672E−01 5.906E+01 1.031E+02 7.461E−01 1.656E+04 1.000E+05 2.000E+06 1.658E−01 6.031E+00 1.004E+02 1.693E+02 6.850E−01 5.443E+01 9.608E+01 7.654E−01 1.993E+04 1.500E+05 3.000E+06 1.146E−01 8.728E+00 7.444E+01 1.293E+02 7.368E−01 4.002E+01 7.314E+01 8.277E−01 4.034E+04 2.000E+05 4.000E+06 8.930E−02 1.120E+01 6.086E+01 1.068E+02 7.553E−01 3.247E+01 6.029E+01 8.571E−01 6.580E+04 3.000E+05 6.000E+06 6.423E−02 1.557E+01 4.671E+01 8.189E+01 7.531E−01 2.461E+01 4.605E+01 8.717E−01 1.286E+05 4.000E+05 8.000E+06 5.174E−02 1.933E+01 3.935E+01 6.811E+01 7.308E−01 2.053E+01 3.817E+01 8.591E−01 2.035E+05 5.000E+05 1.000E+07 4.424E−02 2.261E+01 3.481E+01 5.926E+01 7.023E−01 1.803E+01 3.308E+01 8.351E−01 2.875E+05 6.000E+05 1.200E+07 3.922E−02 2.550E+01 3.172E+01 5.304E+01 6.722E−01 1.634E+01 2.951E+01 8.060E−01 3.786E+05 7.000E+05 1.400E+07 3.562E−02 2.808E+01 2.948E+01 4.842E+01 6.426E−01 1.512E+01 2.684E+01 7.749E−01 4.752E+05 8.000E+05 1.600E+07 3.290E−02 3.040E+01 2.778E+01 4.485E+01 6.145E−01 1.420E+01 2.477E+01 7.439E−01 5.763E+05 9.000E+05 1.800E+07 3.078E−02 3.249E+01 2.644E+01 4.199E+01 5.879E−01 1.349E+01 2.311E+01 7.132E−01 6.811E+05 1.000E+06 2.000E+07 2.907E−02 3.440E+01 2.536E+01 3.964E+01 5.630E−01 1.292E+01 2.175E+01 6.838E−01 7.889E+05

NEON-19 IONS: A=19 Z=10 (a) Instantaneous Data

∆M=1.75096 MeV Mc2=1.7700E+04 MeV

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

1.000E−01 1.900E+00 2.147E−07 0.000E+00 1.474E−01 6.782E+00 2.050E+02 2.050E+02 1.434E−02 1.530E+02 1.500E−01 2.850E+00 3.220E−07 0.000E+00 2.169E−01 4.610E+00 2.224E+02 2.224E+02 1.874E−02 1.340E+02 2.000E−01 3.800E+00 4.294E−07 0.000E+00 2.724E−01 3.672E+00 2.315E+02 2.315E+02 2.289E−02 1.224E+02 3.000E−01 5.700E+00 6.441E−07 0.000E+00 3.963E−01 2.523E+00 2.442E+02 2.442E+02 3.082E−02 1.082E+02 4.000E−01 7.600E+00 8.587E−07 0.000E+00 4.940E−01 2.024E+00 2.500E+02 2.500E+02 3.848E−02 9.945E+01 5.000E−01 9.500E+00 1.073E−06 0.000E+00 5.976E−01 1.673E+00 2.540E+02 2.540E+02 4.599E−02 9.337E+01 6.000E−01 1.140E+01 1.288E−06 0.000E+00 7.091E−01 1.410E+00 2.569E+02 2.569E+02 5.341E−02 8.882E+01 7.000E−01 1.330E+01 1.503E−06 0.000E+00 7.918E−01 1.263E+00 2.584E+02 2.584E+02 6.077E−02 8.523E+01 8.000E−01 1.520E+01 1.717E−06 0.000E+00 8.759E−01 1.142E+00 2.596E+02 2.596E+02 6.809E−02 8.230E+01

7.985E+01 1.000E+00 1.900E+01 2.147E−06 0.000E+00 1.050E+00 9.520E−01 2.615E+02 2.615E+02 8.265E−02 7.776E+01 1.500E+00 2.850E+01 3.220E−06 0.000E+00 1.472E+00 6.795E−01 2.653E+02 2.653E+02 1.187E−01 7.052E+01 2.000E+00 3.800E+01 4.294E−06 0.000E+00 1.788E+00 5.594E−01 2.687E+02 2.687E+02 1.542E−01 6.608E+01 3.000E+00 5.700E+01 6.441E−06 0.000E+00 2.440E+00 4.099E−01 2.789E+02 2.789E+02 2.235E−01 6.067E+01 4.000E+00 7.600E+01 8.587E−06 0.000E+00 2.908E+00 3.438E−01 2.890E+02 2.890E+02 2.901E−01 5.735E+01 5.000E+00 9.500E+01 1.073E−05 0.000E+00 3.366E+00 2.971E−01 3.012E+02 3.012E+02 3.539E−01 5.504E+01 6.000E+00 1.140E+02 1.288E−05 0.000E+00 3.817E+00 2.620E−01 3.153E+02 3.153E+02 4.151E−01 5.330E+01 7.000E+00 1.330E+02 1.503E−05 0.000E+00 4.127E+00 2.423E−01 3.263E+02 3.263E+02 4.739E−01 5.194E+01 8.000E+00 1.520E+02 1.717E−05 0.000E+00 4.421E+00 2.262E−01 3.378E+02 3.378E+02 5.304E−01 5.082E+01 9.000E+00 1.710E+02 1.932E−05 0.000E+00 4.702E+00 2.127E−01 3.498E+02 3.498E+02 5.849E−01 4.989E+01 1.000E+01 1.900E+02 2.147E−05 0.000E+00 4.970E+00 2.012E−01 3.623E+02 3.623E+02 6.374E−01 4.909E+01 1.500E+01 2.850E+02 3.220E−05 0.000E+00 5.994E+00 1.668E−01 4.232E+02 4.232E+02 8.770E−01 4.634E+01 2.000E+01 3.800E+02 4.294E−05 0.000E+00 6.533E+00 1.531E−01 4.693E+02 4.693E+02 1.087E+00 4.465E+01 3.000E+01 5.700E+02 6.440E−05 0.000E+00 7.179E+00 1.393E−01 5.643E+02 5.643E+02 1.450E+00 4.259E+01 4.000E+01 7.600E+02 8.587E−05 0.000E+00 7.356E+00 1.359E−01 6.327E+02 6.327E+02 1.763E+00 4.133E+01 5.000E+01 9.500E+02 1.073E−04 0.000E+00 7.365E+00 1.358E−01 6.998E+02 6.909E+02 2.043E+00 4.045E+01 6.000E+01 1.140E+03 1.288E−04 0.000E+00 7.255E+00 1.378E−01 7.668E+02 7.226E+02 2.299E+00 3.978E+01 7.000E+01 1.330E+03 1.503E−04 0.000E+00 7.125E+00 1.404E−01 8.134E+02 7.462E+02 2.537E+00 3.926E+01 8.000E+01 1.520E+03 1.717E−04 0.000E+00 6.968E+00 1.435E−01 8.585E+02 7.699E+02 2.760E+00 3.884E+01 9.000E+01 1.710E+03 1.932E−04 0.000E+00 6.791E+00 1.473E−01 9.023E+02 7.938E+02 2.972E+00 3.848E+01 1.000E+02 1.900E+03 2.147E−04 0.000E+00 6.600E+00 1.515E−01 9.451E+02 8.178E+02 3.174E+00 3.818E+01 1.500E+02 2.850E+03 3.220E−04 0.000E+00 6.453E+00 1.550E−01 1.123E+03 9.211E+02 4.081E+00 3.713E+01 2.000E+02 3.800E+03 4.292E−04 0.000E+00 6.587E+00 1.518E−01 1.231E+03 9.855E+02 4.879E+00 3.649E+01 3.000E+02 5.700E+03 6.438E−04 0.000E+00 6.637E+00 1.507E−01 1.399E+03 1.079E+03 6.306E+00 3.571E+01 4.000E+02 7.600E+03 8.582E−04 0.000E+00 6.515E+00 1.535E−01 1.475E+03 1.110E+03 7.618E+00 3.522E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

4.000E+02 7.600E+03 8.582E−04 0.000E+00 6.515E+00 1.535E−01 1.475E+03 1.110E+03 7.618E+00 3.522E+01 5.000E+02 9.500E+03 1.073E−03 0.000E+00 6.278E+00 1.593E−01 1.512E+03 1.108E+03 8.874E+00 3.489E+01 6.000E+02 1.140E+04 1.287E−03 3.191E+04 5.900E+00 1.695E−01 1.502E+03 1.063E+03 1.014E+01 3.464E+01 7.000E+02 1.330E+04 1.501E−03 2.992E+04 5.605E+00 1.784E−01 1.479E+03 1.018E+03 1.142E+01 3.444E+01 8.000E+02 1.520E+04 1.715E−03 2.813E+04 5.324E+00 1.878E−01 1.452E+03 9.691E+02 1.272E+01 3.428E+01 9.000E+02 1.710E+04 1.929E−03 2.649E+04 5.055E+00 1.978E−01 1.422E+03 9.189E+02 1.405E+01 3.414E+01 1.000E+03 1.900E+04 2.143E−03 2.498E+04 4.799E+00 2.084E−01 1.389E+03 8.673E+02 1.542E+01 3.403E+01 1.500E+03 2.850E+04 3.213E−03 1.944E+04 3.805E+00 2.628E−01 1.229E+03 6.730E+02 2.274E+01 3.363E+01 2.000E+03 3.800E+04 4.280E−03 1.648E+04 3.244E+00 3.082E−01 1.117E+03 6.068E+02 3.093E+01 3.338E+01 3.000E+03 5.700E+04 6.410E−03 1.219E+04 2.408E+00 4.154E−01 9.187E+02 4.938E+02 4.995E+01 3.308E+01 4.000E+03 7.600E+04 8.533E−03 1.004E+04 1.979E+00 5.052E−01 8.012E+02 4.287E+02 7.244E+01 3.290E+01 5.000E+03 9.500E+04 1.065E−02 8.403E+03 1.651E+00 6.056E−01 7.027E+02 3.749E+02 9.834E+01 3.277E+01 6.000E+03 1.140E+05 1.276E−02 7.100E+03 1.389E+00 7.198E−01 6.181E+02 3.292E+02 1.276E+02 3.268E+01 7.000E+03 1.330E+05 1.486E−02 6.341E+03 1.236E+00 8.087E−01 5.659E+02 3.012E+02 1.601E+02 3.260E+01 8.000E+03 1.520E+05 1.696E−02 5.700E+03 1.107E+00 9.030E−01 5.201E+02 2.767E+02 1.960E+02 3.254E+01 9.000E+03 1.710E+05 1.905E−02 5.149E+03 9.966E−01 1.003E+00 4.793E+02 2.550E+02 2.351E+02 3.249E+01 1.000E+04 1.900E+05 2.113E−02 4.669E+03 9.001E−01 1.111E+00 4.426E+02 2.356E+02 2.774E+02 3.245E+01 1.500E+04 2.850E+05 3.144E−02 3.139E+03 5.937E−01 1.684E+00 3.175E+02 1.698E+02 5.376E+02 3.229E+01 2.000E+04 3.800E+05 4.159E−02 2.459E+03 4.586E−01 2.181E+00 2.573E+02 1.383E+02 8.775E+02 3.220E+01 3.000E+04 5.700E+05 6.142E−02 1.631E+03 2.951E−01 3.389E+00 1.788E+02 9.752E+01 1.791E+03 3.209E+01 4.000E+04 7.600E+05 8.064E−02 1.277E+03 2.260E−01 4.424E+00 1.431E+02 7.909E+01 3.008E+03 3.202E+01 5.000E+04 9.500E+05 9.928E−02 1.034E+03 1.845E−01 5.421E+00 1.213E+02 6.590E+01 4.481E+03 3.197E+01

3.193E+01 7.000E+04 1.330E+06 1.349E−01 7.572E+02 1.342E−01 7.453E+00 9.315E+01 5.030E+01 8.170E+03 3.190E+01 8.000E+04 1.520E+06 1.519E−01 6.776E+02 1.199E−01 8.342E+00 8.486E+01 4.567E+01 1.036E+04 3.188E+01 9.000E+04 1.710E+06 1.684E−01 6.115E+02 1.081E−01 9.253E+00 7.789E+01 4.176E+01 1.275E+04 3.186E+01 1.000E+05 1.900E+06 1.845E−01 5.556E+02 9.813E−02 1.019E+01 7.192E+01 3.842E+01 1.535E+04 3.184E+01 1.500E+05 2.850E+06 2.581E−01 3.875E+02 6.838E−02 1.462E+01 5.346E+01 2.806E+01 3.106E+04 3.179E+01 2.000E+05 3.800E+06 3.222E−01 3.171E+02 5.594E−02 1.788E+01 4.541E+01 2.356E+01 5.064E+04 3.175E+01 3.000E+05 5.700E+06 4.278E−01 2.338E+02 4.118E−02 2.428E+01 3.556E+01 1.811E+01 9.894E+04 3.171E+01 4.000E+05 7.600E+06 5.106E−01 1.992E+02 3.497E−02 2.860E+01 3.132E+01 1.581E+01 1.566E+05 3.168E+01 5.000E+05 9.500E+06 5.765E−01 1.757E+02 3.070E−02 3.257E+01 2.840E+01 1.425E+01 2.212E+05 3.166E+01 6.000E+05 1.140E+07 6.300E−01 1.588E+02 2.758E−02 3.626E+01 2.625E+01 1.314E+01 2.913E+05 3.165E+01 7.000E+05 1.330E+07 6.740E−01 1.496E+02 2.585E−02 3.868E+01 2.509E+01 1.255E+01 3.657E+05 3.164E+01 8.000E+05 1.520E+07 7.106E−01 1.423E+02 2.446E−02 4.089E+01 2.415E+01 1.208E+01 4.435E+05 3.163E+01 9.000E+05 1.710E+07 7.413E−01 1.363E+02 2.329E−02 4.293E+01 2.339E+01 1.172E+01 5.241E+05 3.162E+01 1.000E+06 1.900E+07 7.674E−01 1.313E+02 2.231E−02 4.482E+01 2.275E+01 1.142E+01 6.071E+05 3.161E+01

(b) Equilibrium Values

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

1.000E−01 1.900E+00 6.973E−02 1.434E+01 1.526E+02 1.654E+02 8.425E−02 1.526E+02 1.654E+02 8.425E−02 1.434E−02 1.500E−01 2.850E+00 1.009E−01 9.908E+00 1.693E+02 1.824E+02 7.766E−02 1.693E+02 1.824E+02 7.766E−02 1.874E−02 2.000E−01 3.800E+00 1.313E−01 7.616E+00 1.811E+02 1.941E+02 7.143E−02 1.811E+02 1.941E+02 7.143E−02 2.289E−02 3.000E−01 5.700E+00 1.902E−01 5.258E+00 1.973E+02 2.093E+02 6.123E−02 1.973E+02 2.093E+02 6.123E−02 3.082E−02 4.000E−01 7.600E+00 2.470E−01 4.049E+00 2.080E+02 2.191E+02 5.346E−02 2.080E+02 2.191E+02 5.346E−02 3.848E−02 5.000E−01 9.500E+00 3.021E−01 3.311E+00 2.157E+02 2.259E+02 4.739E−02 2.157E+02 2.259E+02 4.739E−02 4.599E−02 6.000E−01 1.140E+01 3.556E−01 2.812E+00 2.215E+02 2.309E+02 4.254E−02 2.215E+02 2.309E+02 4.254E−02 5.341E−02 7.000E−01 1.330E+01 4.077E−01 2.453E+00 2.261E+02 2.348E+02 3.858E−02 2.261E+02 2.348E+02 3.858E−02 6.077E−02 8.000E−01 1.520E+01 4.586E−01 2.181E+00 2.298E+02 2.379E+02 3.529E−02 2.298E+02 2.379E+02 3.529E−02 6.809E−02 9.000E−01 1.710E+01 5.082E−01 1.968E+00 2.329E+02 2.404E+02 3.251E−02 2.329E+02 2.404E+02 3.251E−02 7.539E−02 1.000E+00 1.900E+01 5.568E−01 1.796E+00 2.354E+02 2.425E+02 3.015E−02 2.354E+02 2.425E+02 3.015E−02 8.265E−02 1.500E+00 2.850E+01 7.851E−01 1.274E+00 2.442E+02 2.496E+02 2.224E−02 2.442E+02 2.496E+02 2.224E−02 1.187E−01 2.000E+00 3.800E+01 9.928E−01 1.007E+00 2.496E+02 2.541E+02 1.787E−02 2.496E+02 2.541E+02 1.787E−02 1.542E−01 3.000E+00 5.700E+01 1.361E+00 7.349E−01 2.573E+02 2.608E+02 1.356E−02 2.573E+02 2.608E+02 1.356E−02 2.235E−01 4.000E+00 7.600E+01 1.680E+00 5.953E−01 2.638E+02 2.669E+02 1.195E−02 2.638E+02 2.669E+02 1.195E−02 2.901E−01 5.000E+00 9.500E+01 1.962E+00 5.097E−01 2.699E+02 2.730E+02 1.169E−02 2.699E+02 2.730E+02 1.169E−02 3.539E−01 6.000E+00 1.140E+02 2.214E+00 4.517E−01 2.759E+02 2.793E+02 1.225E−02 2.759E+02 2.793E+02 1.225E−02 4.151E−01 7.000E+00 1.330E+02 2.442E+00 4.096E−01 2.818E+02 2.855E+02 1.337E−02 2.818E+02 2.855E+02 1.337E−02 4.739E−01 8.000E+00 1.520E+02 2.649E+00 3.775E−01 2.876E+02 2.919E+02 1.487E−02 2.876E+02 2.919E+02 1.487E−02 5.304E−01 9.000E+00 1.710E+02 2.838E+00 3.523E−01 2.933E+02 2.982E+02 1.665E−02 2.933E+02 2.982E+02 1.665E−02 5.849E−01 1.000E+01 1.900E+02 3.013E+00 3.319E−01 2.989E+02 3.045E+02 1.864E−02 2.989E+02 3.045E+02 1.864E−02 6.374E−01 1.500E+01 2.850E+02 3.716E+00 2.691E−01 3.256E+02 3.354E+02 2.991E−02 3.256E+02 3.354E+02 2.991E−02 8.770E−01 2.000E+01 3.800E+02 4.225E+00 2.367E−01 3.501E+02 3.646E+02 4.145E−02 3.501E+02 3.646E+02 4.145E−02 1.087E+00 3.000E+01 5.700E+02 4.907E+00 2.038E−01 3.934E+02 4.178E+02 6.195E−02 3.934E+02 4.178E+02 6.195E−02 1.450E+00 4.000E+01 7.600E+02 5.333E+00 1.875E−01 4.313E+02 4.652E+02 7.852E−02 4.313E+02 4.652E+02 7.852E−02 1.763E+00 5.000E+01 9.500E+02 5.612E+00 1.782E−01 4.653E+02 5.080E+02 9.188E−02 4.648E+02 5.071E+02 9.108E−02 2.043E+00 6.000E+01 1.140E+03 5.801E+00 1.724E−01 4.961E+02 5.471E+02 1.027E−01 4.922E+02 5.399E+02 9.690E−02 2.299E+00 7.000E+01 1.330E+03 5.929E+00 1.687E−01 5.245E+02 5.831E+02 1.117E−01 5.153E+02 5.667E+02 9.959E−02 2.537E+00 8.000E+01 1.520E+03 6.016E+00 1.662E−01 5.509E+02 6.166E+02 1.191E−01 5.356E+02 5.897E+02 1.010E-01 2.760E+00 9.000E+01 1.710E+03 6.072E+00 1.647E−01 5.756E+02 6.478E+02 1.253E−01 5.538E+02 6.102E+02 1.018E−01 2.972E+00 1.000E+02 1.900E+03 6.107E+00 1.637E−01 5.989E+02 6.770E+02 1.305E−01 5.705E+02 6.288E+02 1.023E−01 3.174E+00 1.500E+02 2.850E+03 6.167E+00 1.621E−01 6.986E+02 8.011E+02 1.468E−01 6.386E+02 7.048E+02 1.037E−01 4.081E+00 2.000E+02 3.800E+03 6.229E+00 1.606E−01 7.790E+02 8.985E+02 1.534E−01 6.913E+02 7.631E+02 1.039E−01 4.879E+00 3.000E+02 5.700E+03 6.322E+00 1.582E−01 9.040E+02 1.043E+03 1.541E−01 7.708E+02 8.488E+02 1.012E-01 6.306E+00 4.000E+02 7.600E+03 6.365E+00 1.571E−01 9.977E+02 1.145E+03 1.471E−01 8.276E+02 9.065E+02 9.529E−02 7.618E+00

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

4.000E+02 7.600E+03 6.365E+00 1.571E−01 9.977E+02 1.145E+03 1.471E−01 8.276E+02 9.065E+02 9.529E−02 7.618E+00 5.000E+02 9.500E+03 6.365E+00 1.571E−01 1.069E+03 1.216E+03 1.371E−01 8.678E+02 9.437E+02 8.742E−02 8.874E+00 6.000E+02 1.140E+04 6.327E+00 1.581E−01 1.124E+03 1.265E+03 1.253E−01 8.950E+02 9.652E+02 7.841E−02 1.014E+01 7.000E+02 1.330E+04 6.257E+00 1.598E−01 1.165E+03 1.297E+03 1.133E−01 9.105E+02 9.738E+02 6.961E−02 1.142E+01 8.000E+02 1.520E+04 6.167E+00 1.621E−01 1.195E+03 1.317E+03 1.022E−01 9.175E+02 9.745E+02 6.203E−02 1.272E+01 9.000E+02 1.710E+04 6.066E+00 1.649E−01 1.217E+03 1.329E+03 9.232E−02 9.184E+02 9.699E+02 5.607E−02 1.405E+01 1.000E+03 1.900E+04 5.957E+00 1.679E−01 1.233E+03 1.336E+03 8.366E−02 9.146E+02 9.619E+02 5.170E−02 1.542E+01 1.500E+03 2.850E+04 5.394E+00 1.854E−01 1.254E+03 1.324E+03 5.580E−02 8.588E+02 9.016E+02 4.984E−02 2.274E+01 2.000E+03 3.800E+04 4.881E+00 2.049E−01 1.229E+03 1.283E+03 4.401E−02 7.988E+02 8.453E+02 5.818E−02 3.093E+01 3.000E+03 5.700E+04 4.064E+00 2.461E−01 1.142E+03 1.190E+03 4.189E−02 7.001E+02 7.560E+02 7.991E−02 4.995E+01 4.000E+03 7.600E+04 3.465E+00 2.886E−01 1.050E+03 1.104E+03 5.156E−02 6.234E+02 6.878E+02 1.034E−01 7.244E+01 5.000E+03 9.500E+04 3.015E+00 3.317E−01 9.667E+02 1.030E+03 6.561E−02 5.625E+02 6.336E+02 1.265E−01 9.834E+01 6.000E+03 1.140E+05 2.665E+00 3.753E−01 8.942E+02 9.669E+02 8.129E−02 5.130E+02 5.892E+02 1.485E−01 1.276E+02 7.000E+03 1.330E+05 2.385E+00 4.193E−01 8.311E+02 9.122E+02 9.757E−02 4.719E+02 5.519E+02 1.696E−01 1.601E+02 8.000E+03 1.520E+05 2.157E+00 4.636E−01 7.762E+02 8.645E+02 1.138E−01 4.373E+02 5.201E+02 1.895E−01 1.960E+02 9.000E+03 1.710E+05 1.967E+00 5.084E−01 7.280E+02 8.225E+02 1.298E−01 4.076E+02 4.925E+02 2.084E−01 2.351E+02 1.000E+04 1.900E+05 1.807E+00 5.534E−01 6.855E+02 7.852E+02 1.455E−01 3.819E+02 4.683E+02 2.264E−01 2.774E+02 1.500E+04 2.850E+05 1.275E+00 7.841E−01 5.307E+02 6.462E+02 2.176E−01 2.915E+02 3.803E+02 3.047E−01 5.376E+02 2.000E+04 3.800E+05 9.783E−01 1.022E+00 4.335E+02 5.549E+02 2.799E−01 2.367E+02 3.239E+02 3.684E−01 8.775E+02 3.000E+04 5.700E+05 6.605E−01 1.514E+00 3.186E+02 4.399E+02 3.807E−01 1.735E+02 2.542E+02 4.650E−01 1.791E+03 4.000E+04 7.600E+05 4.950E−01 2.020E+00 2.530E+02 3.692E+02 4.594E−01 1.381E+02 2.119E+02 5.348E−01 3.008E+03 5.000E+04 9.500E+05 3.974E−01 2.517E+00 2.121E+02 3.213E+02 5.149E−01 1.157E+02 1.837E+02 5.869E−01 4.481E+03 6.000E+04 1.140E+06 3.326E−01 3.007E+00 1.837E+02 2.861E+02 5.569E−01 1.002E+02 1.631E+02 6.283E−01 6.207E+03 7.000E+04 1.330E+06 2.865E−01 3.490E+00 1.629E+02 2.591E+02 5.904E−01 8.870E+01 1.474E+02 6.619E−01 8.170E+03 8.000E+04 1.520E+06 2.521E−01 3.967E+00 1.469E+02 2.375E+02 6.174E−01 7.987E+01 1.350E+02 6.898E−01 1.036E+04 9.000E+04 1.710E+06 2.255E−01 4.435E+00 1.342E+02 2.200E+02 6.394E−01 7.286E+01 1.248E+02 7.132E−01 1.275E+04 1.000E+05 1.900E+06 2.043E−01 4.896E+00 1.238E+02 2.053E+02 6.576E−01 6.715E+01 1.164E+02 7.330E−01 1.535E+04 1.500E+05 2.850E+06 1.413E−01 7.079E+00 9.184E+01 1.571E+02 7.111E−01 4.939E+01 8.878E+01 7.974E−01 3.106E+04 2.000E+05 3.800E+06 1.101E−01 9.081E+00 7.509E+01 1.300E+02 7.314E−01 4.008E+01 7.329E+01 8.288E−01 5.064E+04 3.000E+05 5.700E+06 7.923E−02 1.262E+01 5.766E+01 9.985E+01 7.319E−01 3.038E+01 5.608E+01 8.462E−01 9.894E+04 4.000E+05 7.600E+06 6.383E−02 1.567E+01 4.857E+01 8.315E+01 7.120E−01 2.534E+01 4.654E+01 8.362E−01 1.566E+05 5.000E+05 9.500E+06 5.457E−02 1.832E+01 4.297E+01 7.241E+01 6.852E−01 2.226E+01 4.038E+01 8.140E−01 2.212E+05 6.000E+05 1.140E+07 4.839E−02 2.067E+01 3.916E+01 6.486E+01 6.564E−01 2.017E+01 3.603E+01 7.864E−01 2.913E+05 7.000E+05 1.330E+07 4.395E−02 2.276E+01 3.639E+01 5.925E+01 6.280E−01 1.867E+01 3.280E+01 7.567E−01 3.657E+05 8.000E+05 1.520E+07 4.060E−02 2.463E+01 3.429E+01 5.490E+01 6.010E−01 1.754E+01 3.028E+01 7.269E−01 4.435E+05 9.000E+05 1.710E+07 3.798E−02 2.633E+01 3.264E+01 5.142E+01 5.752E−01 1.665E+01 2.827E+01 6.973E−01 5.241E+05 1.000E+06 1.900E+07 3.587E−02 2.788E+01 3.131E+01 4.857E+01 5.511E−01 1.595E+01 2.662E+01 6.688E−01 6.071E+05

NEON-20 IONS: A=20 Z=10 (a) Instantaneous Data

∆M=−7.04305 MeV Mc2=1.8623E+04 MeV

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

1.000E−01 2.000E+00 2.148E−07 0.000E+00 1.517E−01 6.590E+00 2.097E+02 2.097E+02 1.474E−02 1.530E+02 1.500E−01 3.000E+00 3.222E−07 0.000E+00 2.120E−01 4.716E+00 2.249E+02 2.249E+02 1.930E−02 1.340E+02 2.000E−01 4.000E+00 4.296E−07 0.000E+00 2.801E−01 3.570E+00 2.360E+02 2.360E+02 2.361E−02 1.224E+02 3.000E−01 6.000E+00 6.444E−07 0.000E+00 3.877E−01 2.579E+00 2.468E+02 2.468E+02 3.184E−02 1.082E+02 4.000E−01 8.000E+00 8.592E−07 0.000E+00 5.076E−01 1.970E+00 2.537E+02 2.537E+02 3.980E−02 9.945E+01 5.000E−01 1.000E+01 1.074E−06 0.000E+00 6.138E−01 1.629E+00 2.574E+02 2.574E+02 4.761E−02 9.337E+01 6.000E−01 1.200E+01 1.289E−06 0.000E+00 6.943E−01 1.440E+00 2.593E+02 2.593E+02 5.534E−02 8.882E+01 7.000E−01 1.400E+01 1.504E−06 0.000E+00 8.127E−01 1.230E+00 2.613E+02 2.613E+02 6.301E−02 8.523E+01

8.230E+01 9.000E−01 1.800E+01 1.933E−06 0.000E+00 9.870E−01 1.013E+00 2.632E+02 2.632E+02 7.825E−02 7.985E+01 1.000E+00 2.000E+01 2.148E−06 0.000E+00 1.077E+00 9.281E−01 2.640E+02 2.640E+02 8.583E−02 7.776E+01 1.500E+00 3.000E+01 3.222E−06 0.000E+00 1.443E+00 6.929E−01 2.668E+02 2.668E+02 1.235E−01 7.052E+01 2.000E+00 4.000E+01 4.296E−06 0.000E+00 1.831E+00 5.463E−01 2.707E+02 2.707E+02 1.606E−01 6.608E+01 3.000E+00 6.000E+01 6.444E−06 0.000E+00 2.397E+00 4.172E−01 2.792E+02 2.792E+02 2.332E−01 6.067E+01 4.000E+00 8.000E+01 8.592E−06 0.000E+00 2.970E+00 3.367E−01 2.914E+02 2.914E+02 3.031E−01 5.735E+01 5.000E+00 1.000E+02 1.074E−05 0.000E+00 3.434E+00 2.912E−01 3.039E+02 3.039E+02 3.701E−01 5.504E+01 6.000E+00 1.200E+02 1.289E−05 0.000E+00 3.760E+00 2.660E−01 3.140E+02 3.140E+02 4.344E−01 5.330E+01 7.000E+00 1.400E+02 1.504E−05 0.000E+00 4.202E+00 2.380E−01 3.297E+02 3.297E+02 4.962E−01 5.194E+01 8.000E+00 1.600E+02 1.718E−05 0.000E+00 4.498E+00 2.223E−01 3.415E+02 3.415E+02 5.556E−01 5.082E+01 9.000E+00 1.800E+02 1.933E−05 0.000E+00 4.779E+00 2.092E−01 3.538E+02 3.538E+02 6.128E−01 4.989E+01 1.000E+01 2.000E+02 2.148E−05 0.000E+00 5.047E+00 1.981E−01 3.666E+02 3.666E+02 6.681E−01 4.909E+01 1.500E+01 3.000E+02 3.222E−05 0.000E+00 5.936E+00 1.685E−01 4.193E+02 4.193E+02 9.200E−01 4.634E+01 2.000E+01 4.000E+02 4.296E−05 0.000E+00 6.593E+00 1.517E−01 4.758E+02 4.758E+02 1.141E+00 4.465E+01 3.000E+01 6.000E+02 6.443E−05 0.000E+00 7.150E+00 1.399E−01 5.581E+02 5.581E+02 1.523E+00 4.259E+01 4.000E+01 8.000E+02 8.591E−05 0.000E+00 7.364E+00 1.358E−01 6.419E+02 6.419E+02 1.853E+00 4.133E+01 5.000E+01 1.000E+03 1.074E−04 0.000E+00 7.353E+00 1.360E−01 7.099E+02 6.955E+02 2.147E+00 4.045E+01 6.000E+01 1.200E+03 1.289E−04 0.000E+00 7.272E+00 1.375E−01 7.583E+02 7.183E+02 2.416E+00 3.978E+01 7.000E+01 1.400E+03 1.503E−04 0.000E+00 7.085E+00 1.411E−01 8.249E+02 7.521E+02 2.667E+00 3.926E+01 8.000E+01 1.600E+03 1.718E−04 0.000E+00 6.919E+00 1.445E−01 8.705E+02 7.763E+02 2.902E+00 3.884E+01 9.000E+01 1.800E+03 1.933E−04 0.000E+00 6.735E+00 1.485E−01 9.147E+02 8.006E+02 3.125E+00 3.848E+01 1.000E+02 2.000E+03 2.148E−04 0.000E+00 6.538E+00 1.529E−01 9.578E+02 8.249E+02 3.337E+00 3.818E+01 1.500E+02 3.000E+03 3.221E−04 0.000E+00 6.436E+00 1.554E−01 1.112E+03 9.146E+02 4.292E+00 3.713E+01 2.000E+02 4.000E+03 4.294E−04 0.000E+00 6.599E+00 1.515E−01 1.245E+03 9.931E+02 5.132E+00 3.649E+01 3.000E+02 6.000E+03 6.441E−04 0.000E+00 6.641E+00 1.506E−01 1.390E+03 1.074E+03 6.634E+00 3.571E+01 4.000E+02 8.000E+03 8.586E−04 0.000E+00 6.489E+00 1.541E−01 1.482E+03 1.112E+03 8.016E+00 3.522E+01

E/A KeV/A

E KeV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

4.000E+02 8.000E+03 8.586E−04 0.000E+00 6.489E+00 1.541E−01 1.482E+03 1.112E+03 8.016E+00 3.522E+01 5.000E+02 1.000E+04 1.073E−03 0.000E+00 6.232E+00 1.605E−01 1.514E+03 1.105E+03 9.338E+00 3.489E+01 6.000E+02 1.200E+04 1.287E−03 3.227E+04 5.954E+00 1.680E−01 1.505E+03 1.071E+03 1.067E+01 3.464E+01 7.000E+02 1.400E+04 1.502E−03 3.028E+04 5.661E+00 1.766E−01 1.484E+03 1.027E+03 1.202E+01 3.444E+01 8.000E+02 1.600E+04 1.716E-03 2.767E+04 5.249E+00 1.905E−01 1.444E+03 9.555E+02 1.338E+01 3.428E+01 9.000E+02 1.800E+04 1.930E−03 2.604E+04 4.980E+00 2.008E−01 1.413E+03 9.040E+02 1.479E+01 3.414E+01 1.000E+03 2.000E+04 2.144E−03 2.454E+04 4.724E+00 2.117E−01 1.379E+03 8.513E+02 1.623E+01 3.403E+01 1.500E+03 3.000E+04 3.214E−03 1.974E+04 3.861E+00 2.590E−01 1.240E+03 6.791E+02 2.393E+01 3.363E+01 2.000E+03 4.000E+04 4.282E−03 1.612E+04 3.177E+00 3.147E−01 1.103E+03 5.982E+02 3.255E+01 3.338E+01 3.000E+03 6.000E+04 6.413E−03 1.242E+04 2.453E+00 4.077E−01 9.305E+02 5.002E+02 5.257E+01 3.308E+01 4.000E+03 8.000E+04 8.537E−03 9.791E+03 1.930E+00 5.181E−01 7.870E+02 4.207E+02 7.625E+01 3.290E+01 5.000E+03 1.000E+05 1.065E−02 8.185E+03 1.608E+00 6.219E−01 6.892E+02 3.674E+02 1.035E+02 3.277E+01 6.000E+03 1.200E+05 1.276E−02 7.249E+03 1.420E+00 7.044E−01 6.283E+02 3.345E+02 1.343E+02 3.268E+01 7.000E+03 1.400E+05 1.487E−02 6.477E+03 1.264E+00 7.909E−01 5.756E+02 3.063E+02 1.686E+02 3.260E+01 8.000E+03 1.600E+05 1.696E−02 5.541E+03 1.076E+00 9.295E−01 5.086E+02 2.705E+02 2.063E+02 3.254E+01 9.000E+03 1.800E+05 1.905E−02 5.003E+03 9.676E−01 1.033E+00 4.684E+02 2.492E+02 2.475E+02 3.249E+01 1.000E+04 2.000E+05 2.114E−02 4.535E+03 8.735E−01 1.145E+00 4.323E+02 2.301E+02 2.920E+02 3.245E+01 1.500E+04 3.000E+05 3.146E−02 3.213E+03 6.089E−01 1.642E+00 3.241E+02 1.731E+02 5.659E+02 3.229E+01 2.000E+04 4.000E+05 4.161E−02 2.384E+03 4.439E−01 2.253E+00 2.506E+02 1.347E+02 9.237E+02 3.220E+01 3.000E+04 6.000E+05 6.145E−02 1.670E+03 3.029E−01 3.301E+00 1.827E+02 9.952E+01 1.885E+03 3.209E+01 4.000E+04 8.000E+05 8.068E−02 1.239E+03 2.187E−01 4.573E+00 1.392E+02 7.704E+01 3.166E+03 3.202E+01

3.197E+01 6.000E+04 1.200E+06 1.174E−01 8.752E+02 1.556E−01 6.429E+00 1.053E+02 5.704E+01 6.534E+03 3.193E+01 7.000E+04 1.400E+06 1.350E−01 7.745E+02 1.373E−01 7.281E+00 9.497E+01 5.130E+01 8.600E+03 3.190E+01 8.000E+04 1.600E+06 1.520E−01 6.583E+02 1.165E−01 8.586E+00 8.286E+01 4.454E+01 1.090E+04 3.188E+01 9.000E+04 1.800E+06 1.685E−01 5.943E+02 1.051E−01 9.519E+00 7.609E+01 4.074E+01 1.343E+04 3.186E+01 1.000E+05 2.000E+06 1.846E−01 5.678E+02 1.003E−01 9.967E+00 7.326E+01 3.915E+01 1.616E+04 3.184E+01 1.500E+05 3.000E+06 2.582E−01 3.954E+02 6.979E−02 1.433E+01 5.437E+01 2.855E+01 3.269E+04 3.179E+01 2.000E+05 4.000E+06 3.224E−01 3.231E+02 5.703E−02 1.754E+01 4.613E+01 2.395E+01 5.331E+04 3.175E+01 3.000E+05 6.000E+06 4.280E−01 2.377E+02 4.188E−02 2.388E+01 3.604E+01 1.837E+01 1.041E+05 3.171E+01 4.000E+05 8.000E+06 5.107E−01 2.021E+02 3.551E−02 2.816E+01 3.170E+01 1.601E+01 1.648E+05 3.168E+01 5.000E+05 1.000E+07 5.767E−01 1.780E+02 3.114E−02 3.212E+01 2.869E+01 1.440E+01 2.329E+05 3.166E+01 6.000E+05 1.200E+07 6.302E−01 1.606E+02 2.793E−02 3.581E+01 2.650E+01 1.326E+01 3.066E+05 3.165E+01 7.000E+05 1.400E+07 6.741E−01 1.512E+02 2.616E−02 3.822E+01 2.530E+01 1.265E+01 3.849E+05 3.164E+01 8.000E+05 1.600E+07 7.107E−01 1.437E+02 2.473E−02 4.044E+01 2.433E+01 1.217E+01 4.668E+05 3.163E+01 9.000E+05 1.800E+07 7.414E−01 1.375E+02 2.354E−02 4.249E+01 2.355E+01 1.179E+01 5.517E+05 3.162E+01 1.000E+06 2.000E+07 7.675E−01 1.324E+02 2.253E−02 4.439E+01 2.289E+01 1.149E+01 6.390E+05 3.161E+01

(b) Equilibrium Values

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

1.000E−01 2.000E+00 6.962E−02 1.436E+01 1.552E+02 1.683E+02 8.487E−02 1.552E+02 1.683E+02 8.487E−02 1.474E−02 1.500E−01 3.000E+00 1.008E-01 9.916E+00 1.721E+02 1.855E+02 7.790E−02 1.721E+02 1.855E+02 7.790E−02 1.930E−02 2.000E−01 4.000E+00 1.313E−01 7.617E+00 1.841E+02 1.972E+02 7.144E−02 1.841E+02 1.972E+02 7.144E−02 2.361E−02 3.000E−01 6.000E+00 1.902E−01 5.256E+00 2.003E+02 2.125E+02 6.097E−02 2.003E+02 2.125E+02 6.097E−02 3.184E−02 4.000E−01 8.000E+00 2.472E−01 4.046E+00 2.111E+02 2.223E+02 5.306E−02 2.111E+02 2.223E+02 5.306E−02 3.980E−02 5.000E−01 1.000E+01 3.023E−01 3.308E+00 2.188E+02 2.290E+02 4.691E−02 2.188E+02 2.290E+02 4.691E−02 4.761E−02 6.000E−01 1.200E+01 3.560E−01 2.809E+00 2.246E+02 2.340E+02 4.201E−02 2.246E+02 2.340E+02 4.201E−02 5.534E−02 7.000E−01 1.400E+01 4.082E−01 2.450E+00 2.291E+02 2.378E+02 3.801E−02 2.291E+02 2.378E+02 3.801E−02 6.301E−02 8.000E−01 1.600E+01 4.592E−01 2.178E+00 2.328E+02 2.409E+02 3.470E−02 2.328E+02 2.409E+02 3.470E−02 7.064E−02 9.000E−01 1.800E+01 5.090E−01 1.965E+00 2.358E+02 2.433E+02 3.192E−02 2.358E+02 2.433E+02 3.192E−02 7.825E−02 1.000E+00 2.000E+01 5.576E−01 1.793E+00 2.383E+02 2.454E+02 2.955E−02 2.383E+02 2.454E+02 2.955E−02 8.583E−02 1.500E+00 3.000E+01 7.864E−01 1.272E+00 2.468E+02 2.521E+02 2.164E−02 2.468E+02 2.521E+02 2.164E−02 1.235E−01 2.000E+00 4.000E+01 9.946E−01 1.005E+00 2.520E+02 2.564E+02 1.729E−02 2.520E+02 2.564E+02 1.729E−02 1.606E−01 3.000E+00 6.000E+01 1.363E+00 7.335E−01 2.594E+02 2.628E+02 1.300E−02 2.594E+02 2.628E+02 1.300E−02 2.332E−01 4.000E+00 8.000E+01 1.683E+00 5.942E−01 2.656E+02 2.686E+02 1.137E−02 2.656E+02 2.686E+02 1.137E−02 3.031E−01 5.000E+00 1.000E+02 1.965E+00 5.089E−01 2.716E+02 2.746E+02 1.108E−02 2.716E+02 2.746E+02 1.108E−02 3.701E−01 6.000E+00 1.200E+02 2.218E+00 4.509E−01 2.774E+02 2.806E+02 1.161E−02 2.774E+02 2.806E+02 1.161E−02 4.344E−01 7.000E+00 1.400E+02 2.445E+00 4.089E−01 2.832E+02 2.868E+02 1.268E−02 2.832E+02 2.868E+02 1.268E−02 4.962E−01 8.000E+00 1.600E+02 2.653E+00 3.769E−01 2.889E+02 2.930E+02 1.415E−02 2.889E+02 2.930E+02 1.415E−02 5.556E−01 9.000E+00 1.800E+02 2.843E+00 3.518E−01 2.946E+02 2.993E+02 1.590E−02 2.946E+02 2.993E+02 1.590E−02 6.128E−01 1.000E+01 2.000E+02 3.018E+00 3.314E−01 3.002E+02 3.055E+02 1.785E−02 3.002E+02 3.055E+02 1.785E−02 6.681E−01 1.500E+01 3.000E+02 3.721E+00 2.688E−01 3.267E+02 3.362E+02 2.902E−02 3.267E+02 3.362E+02 2.902E−02 9.200E−01 2.000E+01 4.000E+02 4.229E+00 2.364E−01 3.510E+02 3.652E+02 4.049E−02 3.510E+02 3.652E+02 4.049E−02 1.141E+00 3.000E+01 6.000E+02 4.911E+00 2.036E−01 3.943E+02 4.183E+02 6.096E−02 3.943E+02 4.183E+02 6.096E−02 1.523E+00 4.000E+01 8.000E+02 5.337E+00 1.874E−01 4.321E+02 4.656E+02 7.752E−02 4.321E+02 4.656E+02 7.752E−02 1.853E+00 5.000E+01 1.000E+03 5.616E+00 1.781E−01 4.660E+02 5.084E+02 9.090E−02 4.656E+02 5.076E+02 9.023E−02 2.147E+00 6.000E+01 1.200E+03 5.804E+00 1.723E−01 4.968E+02 5.474E+02 1.018E−01 4.929E+02 5.403E+02 9.606E−02 2.416E+00 7.000E+01 1.400E+03 5.932E+00 1.686E−01 5.252E+02 5.834E+02 1.108E−01 5.160E+02 5.670E+02 9.874E−02 2.667E+00 8.000E+01 1.600E+03 6.018E+00 1.662E−01 5.516E+02 6.168E+02 1.182E−01 5.363E+02 5.900E+02 1.001E−01 2.902E+00 9.000E+01 1.800E+03 6.075E+00 1.646E−01 5.763E+02 6.480E+02 1.244E−01 5.544E+02 6.104E+02 1.010E−01 3.125E+00 1.000E+02 2.000E+03 6.109E+00 1.637E−01 5.995E+02 6.772E+02 1.297E−01 5.710E+02 6.290E+02 1.016E−01 3.337E+00

2.000E+02 4.000E+03 6.229E+00 1.605E−01 7.794E+02 8.985E+02 1.528E−01 6.917E+02 7.631E+02 1.032E−01 5.132E+00 3.000E+02 6.000E+03 6.322E+00 1.582E−01 9.045E+02 1.043E+03 1.535E−01 7.711E+02 8.488E+02 1.007E−01 6.634E+00 4.000E+02 8.000E+03 6.365E+00 1.571E−01 9.981E+02 1.145E+03 1.467E−01 8.278E+02 9.064E+02 9.487E−02 8.016E+00

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

4.000E+02 8.000E+03 6.365E+00 1.571E−01 9.981E+02 1.145E+03 1.467E−01 8.278E+02 9.064E+02 9.487E−02 8.016E+00 5.000E+02 1.000E+04 6.365E+00 1.571E−01 1.070E+03 1.216E+03 1.367E−01 8.680E+02 9.436E+02 8.705E−02 9.338E+00 6.000E+02 1.200E+04 6.327E+00 1.581E−01 1.125E+03 1.265E+03 1.250E−01 8.952E+02 9.651E+02 7.810E−02 1.067E+01 7.000E+02 1.400E+04 6.257E+00 1.598E−01 1.165E+03 1.297E+03 1.131E−01 9.107E+02 9.738E+02 6.932E−02 1.202E+01 8.000E+02 1.600E+04 6.167E+00 1.621E−01 1.195E+03 1.317E+03 1.020E−01 9.177E+02 9.744E+02 6.181E−02 1.338E+01 9.000E+02 1.800E+04 6.066E+00 1.649E−01 1.217E+03 1.329E+03 9.211E−02 9.185E+02 9.698E+02 5.586E−02 1.479E+01 1.000E+03 2.000E+04 5.956E+00 1.679E−01 1.233E+03 1.336E+03 8.348E−02 9.146E+02 9.617E+02 5.151E−02 1.623E+01 1.500E+03 3.000E+04 5.394E+00 1.854E−01 1.254E+03 1.324E+03 5.568E−02 8.582E+02 9.011E+02 5.002E−02 2.393E+01 2.000E+03 4.000E+04 4.880E+00 2.049E−01 1.229E+03 1.283E+03 4.390E−02 7.983E+02 8.449E+02 5.826E−02 3.255E+01 3.000E+03 6.000E+04 4.063E+00 2.461E−01 1.142E+03 1.190E+03 4.182E−02 6.997E+02 7.556E+02 7.995E−02 5.257E+01 4.000E+03 8.000E+04 3.465E+00 2.886E−01 1.050E+03 1.104E+03 5.150E−02 6.231E+02 6.875E+02 1.033E−01 7.625E+01 5.000E+03 1.000E+05 3.015E+00 3.317E−01 9.667E+02 1.030E+03 6.555E−02 5.622E+02 6.333E+02 1.264E−01 1.035E+02 6.000E+03 1.200E+05 2.664E+00 3.753E−01 8.942E+02 9.669E+02 8.130E−02 5.127E+02 5.889E+02 1.485E−01 1.343E+02 7.000E+03 1.400E+05 2.385E+00 4.193E−01 8.312E+02 9.122E+02 9.751E−02 4.717E+02 5.517E+02 1.695E−01 1.686E+02 8.000E+03 1.600E+05 2.157E+00 4.637E−01 7.762E+02 8.645E+02 1.137E−01 4.371E+02 5.199E+02 1.894E−01 2.063E+02 9.000E+03 1.800E+05 1.967E+00 5.084E−01 7.280E+02 8.225E+02 1.298E−01 4.074E+02 4.923E+02 2.083E−01 2.475E+02 1.000E+04 2.000E+05 1.807E+00 5.535E−01 6.855E+02 7.852E+02 1.454E−01 3.817E+02 4.681E+02 2.262E−01 2.920E+02 1.500E+04 3.000E+05 1.275E+00 7.842E−01 5.307E+02 6.462E+02 2.177E−01 2.913E+02 3.801E+02 3.047E−01 5.659E+02 2.000E+04 4.000E+05 9.783E−01 1.022E+00 4.335E+02 5.549E+02 2.798E−01 2.366E+02 3.237E+02 3.682E−01 9.237E+02 3.000E+04 6.000E+05 6.604E−01 1.514E+00 3.186E+02 4.399E+02 3.808E−01 1.734E+02 2.541E+02 4.650E−01 1.885E+03 4.000E+04 8.000E+05 4.949E−01 2.020E+00 2.530E+02 3.692E+02 4.593E−01 1.380E+02 2.118E+02 5.346E−01 3.166E+03 5.000E+04 1.000E+06 3.976E−01 2.515E+00 2.122E+02 3.212E+02 5.134E−01 1.157E+02 1.836E+02 5.867E−01 4.717E+03 6.000E+04 1.200E+06 3.327E−01 3.006E+00 1.839E+02 2.861E+02 5.559E−01 1.001E+02 1.631E+02 6.282E−01 6.534E+03 7.000E+04 1.400E+06 2.866E−01 3.489E+00 1.630E+02 2.591E+02 5.895E−01 8.867E+01 1.474E+02 6.618E−01 8.600E+03 8.000E+04 1.600E+06 2.522E−01 3.965E+00 1.469E+02 2.376E+02 6.166E−01 7.984E+01 1.349E+02 6.896E−01 1.090E+04 9.000E+04 1.800E+06 2.256E−01 4.434E+00 1.342E+02 2.200E+02 6.388E−01 7.283E+01 1.248E+02 7.129E−01 1.343E+04 1.000E+05 2.000E+06 2.043E−01 4.894E+00 1.239E+02 2.053E+02 6.571E−01 6.712E+01 1.163E+02 7.328E−01 1.616E+04 1.500E+05 3.000E+06 1.413E−01 7.078E+00 9.186E+01 1.572E+02 7.111E−01 4.937E+01 8.874E+01 7.974E−01 3.269E+04 2.000E+05 4.000E+06 1.101E−01 9.079E+00 7.511E+01 1.300E+02 7.315E−01 4.006E+01 7.326E+01 8.286E−01 5.331E+04 3.000E+05 6.000E+06 7.923E−02 1.262E+01 5.766E+01 9.988E+01 7.322E−01 3.037E+01 5.606E+01 8.462E−01 1.041E+05 4.000E+05 8.000E+06 6.383E−02 1.567E+01 4.858E+01 8.317E+01 7.122E−01 2.534E+01 4.652E+01 8.359E−01 1.648E+05 5.000E+05 1.000E+07 5.458E−02 1.832E+01 4.297E+01 7.242E+01 6.854E−01 2.225E+01 4.036E+01 8.137E−01 2.329E+05 6.000E+05 1.200E+07 4.839E−02 2.067E+01 3.916E+01 6.488E+01 6.567E−01 2.017E+01 3.602E+01 7.862E−01 3.066E+05 7.000E+05 1.400E+07 4.395E−02 2.276E+01 3.639E+01 5.926E+01 6.284E−01 1.866E+01 3.278E+01 7.565E−01 3.849E+05 8.000E+05 1.600E+07 4.060E−02 2.463E+01 3.429E+01 5.491E+01 6.011E−01 1.753E+01 3.027E+01 7.265E−01 4.668E+05 9.000E+05 1.800E+07 3.798E−02 2.633E+01 3.264E+01 5.143E+01 5.754E−01 1.665E+01 2.826E+01 6.970E−01 5.517E+05 1.000E+06 2.000E+07 3.587E−02 2.788E+01 3.131E+01 4.858E+01 5.514E−01 1.595E+01 2.661E+01 6.685E−01 6.390E+05

NEON-21 IONS: A=21 Z=10 (a) Instantaneous Data

∆M=−5.73310 MeV Mc2=1.9556E+04 MeV

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

1.000E−01 2.100E+00 2.148E−07 0.000E+00 1.485E−01 6.735E+00 2.119E+02 2.119E+02 1.514E−02 1.530E+02 1.500E−01 3.150E+00 3.222E−07 0.000E+00 2.184E−01 4.579E+00 2.293E+02 2.293E+02 1.986E−02 1.340E+02 2.000E−01 4.200E+00 4.295E−07 0.000E+00 2.742E−01 3.647E+00 2.384E+02 2.384E+02 2.432E−02 1.224E+02 3.000E−01 6.300E+00 6.443E−07 0.000E+00 3.989E−01 2.507E+00 2.507E+02 2.507E+02 3.285E−02 1.082E+02 4.000E−01 8.400E+00 8.591E−07 0.000E+00 4.972E−01 2.011E+00 2.561E+02 2.561E+02 4.111E−02 9.945E+01 5.000E−01 1.050E+01 1.074E−06 0.000E+00 6.015E−01 1.663E+00 2.598E+02 2.598E+02 4.923E−02 9.337E+01 6.000E−01 1.260E+01 1.289E−06 0.000E+00 7.136E−01 1.401E+00 2.623E+02 2.623E+02 5.726E−02 8.882E+01

8.523E+01 8.000E−01 1.680E+01 1.718E−06 0.000E+00 8.814E−01 1.135E+00 2.645E+02 2.645E+02 7.318E−02 8.230E+01 9.000E−01 1.890E+01 1.933E−06 0.000E+00 9.679E−01 1.033E+00 2.653E+02 2.653E+02 8.110E−02 7.985E+01 1.000E+00 2.100E+01 2.148E−06 0.000E+00 1.057E+00 9.462E−01 2.659E+02 2.659E+02 8.900E−02 7.776E+01 1.500E+00 3.150E+01 3.222E−06 0.000E+00 1.480E+00 6.755E−01 2.688E+02 2.688E+02 1.283E−01 7.052E+01 2.000E+00 4.200E+01 4.295E−06 0.000E+00 1.798E+00 5.562E−01 2.717E+02 2.717E+02 1.671E−01 6.608E+01 3.000E+00 6.300E+01 6.443E−06 0.000E+00 2.453E+00 4.077E−01 2.813E+02 2.813E+02 2.429E−01 6.067E+01 4.000E+00 8.400E+01 8.591E−06 0.000E+00 2.923E+00 3.421E−01 2.911E+02 2.911E+02 3.161E−01 5.735E+01 5.000E+00 1.050E+02 1.074E−05 0.000E+00 3.382E+00 2.957E−01 3.031E+02 3.031E+02 3.863E−01 5.504E+01 6.000E+00 1.260E+02 1.289E−05 0.000E+00 3.835E+00 2.608E−01 3.171E+02 3.171E+02 4.536E−01 5.330E+01 7.000E+00 1.470E+02 1.503E−05 0.000E+00 4.145E+00 2.413E−01 3.281E+02 3.281E+02 5.184E−01 5.194E+01 8.000E+00 1.680E+02 1.718E−05 0.000E+00 4.439E+00 2.253E−01 3.395E+02 3.395E+02 5.807E−01 5.082E+01 9.000E+00 1.890E+02 1.933E−05 0.000E+00 4.720E+00 2.119E−01 3.515E+02 3.515E+02 6.407E−01 4.989E+01 1.000E+01 2.100E+02 2.148E−05 0.000E+00 4.988E+00 2.005E−01 3.640E+02 3.640E+02 6.987E−01 4.909E+01 1.500E+01 3.150E+02 3.221E−05 0.000E+00 6.011E+00 1.664E−01 4.250E+02 4.250E+02 9.630E−01 4.634E+01 2.000E+01 4.200E+02 4.295E−05 0.000E+00 6.547E+00 1.527E−01 4.713E+02 4.713E+02 1.195E+00 4.465E+01 3.000E+01 6.300E+02 6.443E−05 0.000E+00 7.185E+00 1.392E−01 5.664E+02 5.664E+02 1.596E+00 4.259E+01 4.000E+01 8.400E+02 8.590E−05 0.000E+00 7.357E+00 1.359E−01 6.351E+02 6.351E+02 1.942E+00 4.133E+01 5.000E+01 1.050E+03 1.074E−04 0.000E+00 7.362E+00 1.358E−01 7.024E+02 6.921E+02 2.251E+00 4.045E+01 6.000E+01 1.260E+03 1.289E−04 0.000E+00 7.247E+00 1.380E−01 7.695E+02 7.239E+02 2.534E+00 3.978E+01 7.000E+01 1.470E+03 1.503E−04 0.000E+00 7.114E+00 1.406E−01 8.163E+02 7.476E+02 2.797E+00 3.926E+01 8.000E+01 1.680E+03 1.718E−04 0.000E+00 6.955E+00 1.438E−01 8.614E+02 7.715E+02 3.043E+00 3.884E+01 9.000E+01 1.890E+03 1.933E−04 0.000E+00 6.776E+00 1.476E−01 9.054E+02 7.955E+02 3.277E+00 3.848E+01 1.000E+02 2.100E+03 2.147E−04 0.000E+00 6.584E+00 1.519E−01 9.482E+02 8.195E+02 3.501E+00 3.818E+01 1.500E+02 3.150E+03 3.221E−04 0.000E+00 6.457E+00 1.549E−01 1.126E+03 9.230E+02 4.503E+00 3.713E+01 2.000E+02 4.200E+03 4.294E−04 0.000E+00 6.590E+00 1.518E−01 1.235E+03 9.873E+02 5.386E+00 3.649E+01 3.000E+02 6.300E+03 6.440E−04 0.000E+00 6.635E+00 1.507E−01 1.401E+03 1.080E+03 6.962E+00 3.571E+01 4.000E+02 8.400E+03 8.585E−04 0.000E+00 6.509E+00 1.536E−01 1.476E+03 1.111E+03 8.413E+00 3.522E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

4.000E+02 8.400E+03 8.585E−04 0.000E+00 6.509E+00 1.536E−01 1.476E+03 1.111E+03 8.413E+00 3.522E+01 5.000E+02 1.050E+04 1.073E−03 0.000E+00 6.267E+00 1.596E−01 1.512E+03 1.108E+03 9.802E+00 3.489E+01 6.000E+02 1.260E+04 1.287E−03 3.178E+04 5.883E+00 1.700E−01 1.501E+03 1.061E+03 1.120E+01 3.464E+01 7.000E+02 1.470E+04 1.502E−03 2.980E+04 5.587E+00 1.790E−01 1.478E+03 1.015E+03 1.261E+01 3.444E+01 8.000E+02 1.680E+04 1.716E−03 2.801E+04 5.305E+00 1.885E−01 1.450E+03 9.658E+02 1.405E+01 3.428E+01 9.000E+02 1.890E+04 1.930E−03 2.638E+04 5.037E+00 1.985E−01 1.419E+03 9.152E+02 1.552E+01 3.414E+01 1.000E+03 2.100E+04 2.144E−03 2.487E+04 4.781E+00 2.092E−01 1.387E+03 8.633E+02 1.703E+01 3.403E+01 1.500E+03 3.150E+04 3.214E−03 1.934E+04 3.787E+00 2.641E−01 1.226E+03 6.709E+02 2.512E+01 3.363E+01 2.000E+03 4.200E+04 4.282E−03 1.639E+04 3.228E+00 3.098E−01 1.114E+03 6.046E+02 3.418E+01 3.338E+01 3.000E+03 6.300E+04 6.412E−03 1.212E+04 2.394E+00 4.177E−01 9.152E+02 4.917E+02 5.520E+01 3.308E+01 4.000E+03 8.400E+04 8.536E−03 9.978E+03 1.967E+00 5.083E−01 7.978E+02 4.267E+02 8.006E+01 3.290E+01 5.000E+03 1.050E+05 1.065E−02 8.348E+03 1.641E+00 6.095E−01 6.994E+02 3.730E+02 1.087E+02 3.277E+01 6.000E+03 1.260E+05 1.276E−02 7.052E+03 1.380E+00 7.246E−01 6.150E+02 3.274E+02 1.410E+02 3.268E+01 7.000E+03 1.470E+05 1.487E−02 6.297E+03 1.228E+00 8.143E−01 5.630E+02 2.996E+02 1.770E+02 3.260E+01 8.000E+03 1.680E+05 1.696E−02 5.660E+03 1.100E+00 9.093E−01 5.173E+02 2.752E+02 2.166E+02 3.254E+01 9.000E+03 1.890E+05 1.905E−02 5.112E+03 9.895E−01 1.011E+00 4.766E+02 2.536E+02 2.598E+02 3.249E+01 1.000E+04 2.100E+05 2.114E−02 4.635E+03 8.936E−01 1.119E+00 4.401E+02 2.342E+02 3.066E+02 3.245E+01 1.500E+04 3.150E+05 3.145E−02 3.288E+03 6.236E−01 1.604E+00 3.304E+02 1.765E+02 5.942E+02 3.229E+01 2.000E+04 4.200E+05 4.161E−02 2.440E+03 4.550E−01 2.198E+00 2.557E+02 1.374E+02 9.698E+02 3.220E+01 3.000E+04 6.300E+05 6.145E−02 1.709E+03 3.106E−01 3.220E+00 1.866E+02 1.015E+02 1.980E+03 3.209E+01

3.202E+01 5.000E+04 1.050E+06 9.932E−02 1.026E+03 1.831E−01 5.461E+00 1.205E+02 6.548E+01 4.953E+03 3.197E+01 6.000E+04 1.260E+06 1.174E−01 8.950E+02 1.591E−01 6.284E+00 1.073E+02 5.816E+01 6.861E+03 3.193E+01 7.000E+04 1.470E+06 1.349E−01 7.517E+02 1.332E−01 7.506E+00 9.261E+01 4.999E+01 9.030E+03 3.190E+01 8.000E+04 1.680E+06 1.520E−01 6.727E+02 1.190E−01 8.400E+00 8.437E+01 4.538E+01 1.145E+04 3.188E+01 9.000E+04 1.890E+06 1.685E−01 6.072E+02 1.073E−01 9.317E+00 7.745E+01 4.151E+01 1.410E+04 3.186E+01 1.000E+05 2.100E+06 1.845E−01 5.518E+02 9.747E−02 1.026E+01 7.153E+01 3.819E+01 1.697E+04 3.184E+01 1.500E+05 3.150E+06 2.582E−01 4.033E+02 7.118E−02 1.405E+01 5.524E+01 2.905E+01 3.433E+04 3.179E+01 2.000E+05 4.200E+06 3.223E−01 3.151E+02 5.561E−02 1.798E+01 4.520E+01 2.344E+01 5.597E+04 3.175E+01 3.000E+05 6.300E+06 4.280E−01 2.416E+02 4.257E−02 2.349E+01 3.651E+01 1.863E+01 1.094E+05 3.171E+01 4.000E+05 8.400E+06 5.107E−01 1.982E+02 3.480E−02 2.873E+01 3.121E+01 1.575E+01 1.731E+05 3.168E+01 5.000E+05 1.050E+07 5.767E−01 1.749E+02 3.057E−02 3.271E+01 2.831E+01 1.420E+01 2.445E+05 3.166E+01 6.000E+05 1.260E+07 6.301E−01 1.625E+02 2.827E−02 3.537E+01 2.673E+01 1.338E+01 3.220E+05 3.165E+01 7.000E+05 1.470E+07 6.741E−01 1.491E+02 2.576E−02 3.882E+01 2.503E+01 1.251E+01 4.042E+05 3.164E+01 8.000E+05 1.680E+07 7.107E−01 1.418E+02 2.437E−02 4.103E+01 2.410E+01 1.206E+01 4.902E+05 3.163E+01 9.000E+05 1.890E+07 7.414E−01 1.359E+02 2.322E−02 4.307E+01 2.334E+01 1.169E+01 5.793E+05 3.162E+01 1.000E+06 2.100E+07 7.675E−01 1.310E+02 2.224E−02 4.495E+01 2.271E+01 1.140E+01 6.710E+05 3.161E+01

(b) Equilibrium Values

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

1.000E−01 2.100E+00 6.952E−02 1.438E+01 1.576E+02 1.711E+02 8.544E−02 1.576E+02 1.711E+02 8.544E−02 1.514E−02 1.500E−01 3.150E+00 1.008E−01 9.923E+00 1.748E+02 1.884E+02 7.811E−02 1.748E+02 1.884E+02 7.811E−02 1.986E−02 2.000E−01 4.200E+00 1.312E−01 7.619E+00 1.868E+02 2.002E+02 7.145E−02 1.868E+02 2.002E+02 7.145E−02 2.432E−02 3.000E−01 6.300E+00 1.903E−01 5.255E+00 2.032E+02 2.156E+02 6.073E−02 2.032E+02 2.156E+02 6.073E−02 3.285E−02 4.000E−01 8.400E+00 2.473E−01 4.043E+00 2.140E+02 2.253E+02 5.268E−02 2.140E+02 2.253E+02 5.268E−02 4.111E−02 5.000E−01 1.050E+01 3.026E−01 3.305E+00 2.217E+02 2.320E+02 4.646E−02 2.217E+02 2.320E+02 4.646E−02 4.923E−02 6.000E−01 1.260E+01 3.563E−01 2.806E+00 2.275E+02 2.369E+02 4.151E−02 2.275E+02 2.369E+02 4.151E−02 5.726E−02 7.000E−01 1.470E+01 4.087E−01 2.447E+00 2.320E+02 2.407E+02 3.749E−02 2.320E+02 2.407E+02 3.749E−02 6.524E−02 8.000E−01 1.680E+01 4.597E−01 2.175E+00 2.356E+02 2.436E+02 3.416E−02 2.356E+02 2.436E+02 3.416E−02 7.318E−02 9.000E−01 1.890E+01 5.096E−01 1.962E+00 2.386E+02 2.460E+02 3.137E−02 2.386E+02 2.460E+02 3.137E−02 8.110E−02 1.000E+00 2.100E+01 5.584E−01 1.791E+00 2.410E+02 2.480E+02 2.900E−02 2.410E+02 2.480E+02 2.900E−02 8.900E−02 1.500E+00 3.150E+01 7.876E−01 1.270E+00 2.493E+02 2.545E+02 2.110E−02 2.493E+02 2.545E+02 2.110E−02 1.283E−01 2.000E+00 4.200E+01 9.962E−01 1.004E+00 2.543E+02 2.585E+02 1.677E−02 2.543E+02 2.585E+02 1.677E−02 1.671E−01 3.000E+00 6.300E+01 1.366E+00 7.323E−01 2.613E+02 2.646E+02 1.250E−02 2.613E+02 2.646E+02 1.250E−02 2.429E−01 4.000E+00 8.400E+01 1.686E+00 5.932E−01 2.673E+02 2.702E+02 1.086E−02 2.673E+02 2.702E+02 1.086E−02 3.161E−01 5.000E+00 1.050E+02 1.968E+00 5.080E−01 2.731E+02 2.760E+02 1.054E−02 2.731E+02 2.760E+02 1.054E−02 3.863E−01 6.000E+00 1.260E+02 2.221E+00 4.502E−01 2.789E+02 2.819E+02 1.103E−02 2.789E+02 2.819E+02 1.103E−02 4.536E−01 7.000E+00 1.470E+02 2.449E+00 4.083E−01 2.846E+02 2.880E+02 1.208E−02 2.846E+02 2.880E+02 1.208E−02 5.184E−01 8.000E+00 1.680E+02 2.657E+00 3.764E−01 2.902E+02 2.941E+02 1.351E−02 2.902E+02 2.941E+02 1.351E−02 5.807E−01 9.000E+00 1.890E+02 2.847E+00 3.512E−01 2.958E+02 3.003E+02 1.523E−02 2.958E+02 3.003E+02 1.523E−02 6.407E−01 1.000E+01 2.100E+02 3.022E+00 3.309E−01 3.013E+02 3.065E+02 1.715E−02 3.013E+02 3.065E+02 1.715E−02 6.987E−01 1.500E+01 3.150E+02 3.726E+00 2.684E−01 3.277E+02 3.369E+02 2.820E−02 3.277E+02 3.369E+02 2.820E−02 9.630E−01 2.000E+01 4.200E+02 4.234E+00 2.362E−01 3.519E+02 3.658E+02 3.963E−02 3.519E+02 3.658E+02 3.963E−02 1.195E+00 3.000E+01 6.300E+02 4.916E+00 2.034E−01 3.950E+02 4.187E+02 6.002E−02 3.950E+02 4.187E+02 6.002E−02 1.596E+00 4.000E+01 8.400E+02 5.341E+00 1.872E−01 4.328E+02 4.660E+02 7.662E−02 4.328E+02 4.660E+02 7.662E−02 1.942E+00 5.000E+01 1.050E+03 5.621E+00 1.779E−01 4.667E+02 5.087E+02 9.003E−02 4.662E+02 5.078E+02 8.927E−02 2.251E+00 6.000E+01 1.260E+03 5.808E+00 1.722E−01 4.975E+02 5.477E+02 1.009E−01 4.935E+02 5.405E+02 9.515E−02 2.534E+00 7.000E+01 1.470E+03 5.936E+00 1.685E−01 5.258E+02 5.836E+02 1.100E−01 5.166E+02 5.672E+02 9.790E−02 2.797E+00 8.000E+01 1.680E+03 6.022E+00 1.661E−01 5.522E+02 6.170E+02 1.174E−01 5.368E+02 5.902E+02 9.936E−02 3.043E+00 9.000E+01 1.890E+03 6.078E+00 1.645E−01 5.768E+02 6.482E+02 1.237E−01 5.550E+02 6.106E+02 1.003E−01 3.277E+00 1.000E+02 2.100E+03 6.113E+00 1.636E−01 6.000E+02 6.774E+02 1.289E−01 5.716E+02 6.292E+02 1.009E−01 3.501E+00 1.500E+02 3.150E+03 6.171E+00 1.621E−01 6.996E+02 8.012E+02 1.453E−01 6.395E+02 7.050E+02 1.024E−01 4.503E+00 2.000E+02 4.200E+03 6.231E+00 1.605E−01 7.799E+02 8.986E+02 1.522E−01 6.922E+02 7.633E+02 1.027E−01 5.386E+00

4.000E+02 8.400E+03 6.366E+00 1.571E−01 9.985E+02 1.145E+03 1.463E−01 8.282E+02 9.065E+02 9.451E−02 8.413E+00

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

4.000E+02 8.400E+03 6.366E+00 1.571E−01 9.985E+02 1.145E+03 1.463E−01 8.282E+02 9.065E+02 9.451E−02 8.413E+00 5.000E+02 1.050E+04 6.366E+00 1.571E−01 1.070E+03 1.216E+03 1.364E−01 8.683E+02 9.437E+02 8.674E−02 9.802E+00 6.000E+02 1.260E+04 6.328E+00 1.580E−01 1.125E+03 1.265E+03 1.247E−01 8.954E+02 9.651E+02 7.781E−02 1.120E+01 7.000E+02 1.470E+04 6.257E+00 1.598E−01 1.166E+03 1.297E+03 1.128E−01 9.108E+02 9.737E+02 6.907E−02 1.261E+01 8.000E+02 1.680E+04 6.170E+00 1.621E−01 1.196E+03 1.317E+03 1.013E−01 9.182E+02 9.744E+02 6.119E−02 1.405E+01 9.000E+02 1.890E+04 6.066E+00 1.649E−01 1.217E+03 1.329E+03 9.189E−02 9.186E+02 9.698E+02 5.566E−02 1.552E+01 1.000E+03 2.100E+04 5.957E+00 1.679E−01 1.233E+03 1.336E+03 8.327E−02 9.148E+02 9.617E+02 5.133E−02 1.703E+01 1.500E+03 3.150E+04 5.393E+00 1.854E−01 1.254E+03 1.324E+03 5.574E−02 8.586E+02 9.014E+02 4.981E−02 2.512E+01 2.000E+03 4.200E+04 4.881E+00 2.049E−01 1.229E+03 1.283E+03 4.380E−02 7.988E+02 8.451E+02 5.800E−02 3.418E+01 3.000E+03 6.300E+04 4.063E+00 2.461E−01 1.142E+03 1.190E+03 4.176E−02 7.000E+02 7.558E+02 7.982E−02 5.520E+01 4.000E+03 8.400E+04 3.465E+00 2.886E−01 1.050E+03 1.104E+03 5.148E−02 6.233E+02 6.877E+02 1.033E−01 8.006E+01 5.000E+03 1.050E+05 3.015E+00 3.317E−01 9.668E+02 1.030E+03 6.551E−02 5.624E+02 6.335E+02 1.264E−01 1.087E+02 6.000E+03 1.260E+05 2.664E+00 3.753E−01 8.942E+02 9.669E+02 8.123E−02 5.129E+02 5.891E+02 1.485E−01 1.410E+02 7.000E+03 1.470E+05 2.385E+00 4.193E−01 8.312E+02 9.122E+02 9.746E−02 4.718E+02 5.518E+02 1.695E−01 1.770E+02 8.000E+03 1.680E+05 2.157E+00 4.637E−01 7.763E+02 8.646E+02 1.138E−01 4.372E+02 5.200E+02 1.895E−01 2.166E+02 9.000E+03 1.890E+05 1.967E+00 5.084E−01 7.280E+02 8.225E+02 1.298E−01 4.075E+02 4.924E+02 2.084E−01 2.598E+02 1.000E+04 2.100E+05 1.807E+00 5.535E−01 6.854E+02 7.852E+02 1.455E−01 3.818E+02 4.682E+02 2.264E−01 3.066E+02 1.500E+04 3.150E+05 1.275E+00 7.841E−01 5.307E+02 6.462E+02 2.176E−01 2.914E+02 3.802E+02 3.048E−01 5.942E+02 2.000E+04 4.200E+05 9.782E−01 1.022E+00 4.335E+02 5.549E+02 2.799E−01 2.366E+02 3.238E+02 3.684E−01 9.698E+02 3.000E+04 6.300E+05 6.604E−01 1.514E+00 3.186E+02 4.399E+02 3.807E−01 1.735E+02 2.541E+02 4.651E−01 1.980E+03 4.000E+04 8.400E+05 4.949E−01 2.020E+00 2.530E+02 3.692E+02 4.594E−01 1.380E+02 2.118E+02 5.349E−01 3.324E+03 5.000E+04 1.050E+06 3.978E−01 2.514E+00 2.124E+02 3.212E+02 5.125E−01 1.157E+02 1.836E+02 5.870E−01 4.953E+03 6.000E+04 1.260E+06 3.329E−01 3.004E+00 1.840E+02 2.861E+02 5.550E−01 1.002E+02 1.631E+02 6.283E−01 6.861E+03 7.000E+04 1.470E+06 2.867E−01 3.488E+00 1.631E+02 2.591E+02 5.890E−01 8.868E+01 1.474E+02 6.620E−01 9.030E+03 8.000E+04 1.680E+06 2.523E−01 3.964E+00 1.470E+02 2.376E+02 6.162E−01 7.985E+01 1.349E+02 6.898E−01 1.145E+04 9.000E+04 1.890E+06 2.256E−01 4.432E+00 1.343E+02 2.200E+02 6.385E−01 7.284E+01 1.248E+02 7.132E−01 1.410E+04 1.000E+05 2.100E+06 2.044E−01 4.893E+00 1.239E+02 2.053E+02 6.568E−01 6.713E+01 1.163E+02 7.331E−01 1.697E+04 1.500E+05 3.150E+06 1.413E−01 7.077E+00 9.188E+01 1.572E+02 7.110E−01 4.937E+01 8.875E+01 7.975E−01 3.433E+04 2.000E+05 4.200E+06 1.102E−01 9.078E+00 7.512E+01 1.301E+02 7.316E−01 4.006E+01 7.327E+01 8.288E−01 5.597E+04 3.000E+05 6.300E+06 7.923E−02 1.262E+01 5.766E+01 9.990E+01 7.327E−01 3.036E+01 5.607E+01 8.466E−01 1.094E+05 4.000E+05 8.400E+06 6.384E−02 1.567E+01 4.858E+01 8.319E+01 7.124E−01 2.534E+01 4.652E+01 8.361E−01 1.731E+05 5.000E+05 1.050E+07 5.458E−02 1.832E+01 4.297E+01 7.244E+01 6.856E−01 2.225E+01 4.036E+01 8.139E−01 2.445E+05 6.000E+05 1.260E+07 4.839E−02 2.067E+01 3.916E+01 6.489E+01 6.569E−01 2.017E+01 3.602E+01 7.863E−01 3.220E+05 7.000E+05 1.470E+07 4.395E−02 2.275E+01 3.640E+01 5.927E+01 6.285E−01 1.867E+01 3.279E+01 7.566E−01 4.042E+05 8.000E+05 1.680E+07 4.060E−02 2.463E+01 3.429E+01 5.492E+01 6.014E−01 1.753E+01 3.027E+01 7.267E−01 4.902E+05 9.000E+05 1.890E+07 3.798E−02 2.633E+01 3.265E+01 5.143E+01 5.755E−01 1.665E+01 2.826E+01 6.970E−01 5.793E+05 1.000E+06 2.100E+07 3.587E−02 2.788E+01 3.131E+01 4.858E+01 5.515E−01 1.595E+01 2.661E+01 6.686E−01 6.710E+05

NEON-22 IONS: A=22 Z=10 (a) Instantaneous Data

∆M=−8.02615 MeV Mc2=2.0485E+04 MeV

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

1.000E−01 2.200E+00 2.148E−07 0.000E+00 1.531E−01 6.530E+00 2.164E+02 2.164E+02 1.554E−02 1.530E+02 1.500E−01 3.300E+00 3.222E−07 0.000E+00 2.139E−01 4.674E+00 2.316E+02 2.316E+02 2.041E−02 1.340E+02 2.000E−01 4.400E+00 4.296E−07 0.000E+00 2.826E−01 3.539E+00 2.425E+02 2.425E+02 2.503E−02 1.224E+02 3.000E−01 6.600E+00 6.444E−07 0.000E+00 3.910E−01 2.557E+00 2.530E+02 2.530E+02 3.387E−02 1.082E+02 4.000E−01 8.800E+00 8.592E−07 0.000E+00 5.119E−01 1.954E+00 2.595E+02 2.595E+02 4.242E−02 9.945E+01 5.000E−01 1.100E+01 1.074E−06 0.000E+00 6.190E−01 1.616E+00 2.628E+02 2.628E+02 5.084E−02 9.337E+01 6.000E−01 1.320E+01 1.289E−06 0.000E+00 7.001E−01 1.428E+00 2.645E+02 2.645E+02 5.918E−02 8.882E+01 7.000E−01 1.540E+01 1.504E−06 0.000E+00 8.194E−01 1.220E+00 2.661E+02 2.661E+02 6.746E−02 8.523E+01 8.000E−01 1.760E+01 1.718E−06 0.000E+00 9.062E−01 1.104E+00 2.669E+02 2.669E+02 7.572E−02 8.230E+01

7.985E+01 1.000E+00 2.200E+01 2.148E−06 0.000E+00 1.086E+00 9.207E−01 2.681E+02 2.681E+02 9.216E−02 7.776E+01 1.500E+00 3.300E+01 3.222E−06 0.000E+00 1.454E+00 6.876E−01 2.702E+02 2.702E+02 1.330E−01 7.052E+01 2.000E+00 4.400E+01 4.296E−06 0.000E+00 1.844E+00 5.422E−01 2.735E+02 2.735E+02 1.735E−01 6.608E+01 3.000E+00 6.600E+01 6.444E−06 0.000E+00 2.414E+00 4.143E−01 2.816E+02 2.816E+02 2.527E−01 6.067E+01 4.000E+00 8.800E+01 8.592E−06 0.000E+00 2.990E+00 3.345E−01 2.935E+02 2.935E+02 3.290E−01 5.735E+01 5.000E+00 1.100E+02 1.074E−05 0.000E+00 3.455E+00 2.894E−01 3.059E+02 3.059E+02 4.024E−01 5.504E+01 6.000E+00 1.320E+02 1.289E−05 0.000E+00 3.782E+00 2.644E−01 3.159E+02 3.159E+02 4.729E−01 5.330E+01 7.000E+00 1.540E+02 1.504E−05 0.000E+00 4.091E+00 2.445E−01 3.266E+02 3.266E+02 5.406E−01 5.194E+01 8.000E+00 1.760E+02 1.718E−05 0.000E+00 4.522E+00 2.211E−01 3.434E+02 3.434E+02 6.057E−01 5.082E+01 9.000E+00 1.980E+02 1.933E−05 0.000E+00 4.804E+00 2.082E−01 3.557E+02 3.557E+02 6.685E−01 4.989E+01 1.000E+01 2.200E+02 2.148E−05 0.000E+00 5.072E+00 1.972E−01 3.685E+02 3.685E+02 7.292E−01 4.909E+01 1.500E+01 3.300E+02 3.222E−05 0.000E+00 5.959E+00 1.678E−01 4.214E+02 4.214E+02 1.006E+00 4.634E+01 2.000E+01 4.400E+02 4.296E−05 0.000E+00 6.611E+00 1.513E−01 4.782E+02 4.782E+02 1.249E+00 4.465E+01 3.000E+01 6.600E+02 6.443E−05 0.000E+00 7.161E+00 1.396E−01 5.608E+02 5.608E+02 1.669E+00 4.259E+01 4.000E+01 8.800E+02 8.591E−05 0.000E+00 7.366E+00 1.357E−01 6.449E+02 6.449E+02 2.031E+00 4.133E+01 5.000E+01 1.100E+03 1.074E−04 0.000E+00 7.367E+00 1.357E−01 6.953E+02 6.889E+02 2.355E+00 4.045E+01 6.000E+01 1.320E+03 1.289E−04 0.000E+00 7.265E+00 1.377E−01 7.618E+02 7.201E+02 2.651E+00 3.978E+01 7.000E+01 1.540E+03 1.503E−04 0.000E+00 7.140E+00 1.401E−01 8.081E+02 7.434E+02 2.926E+00 3.926E+01 8.000E+01 1.760E+03 1.718E−04 0.000E+00 6.904E+00 1.448E−01 8.743E+02 7.784E+02 3.185E+00 3.884E+01 9.000E+01 1.980E+03 1.933E−04 0.000E+00 6.718E+00 1.489E−01 9.187E+02 8.028E+02 3.430E+00 3.848E+01 1.000E+02 2.200E+03 2.148E−04 0.000E+00 6.626E+00 1.509E−01 9.391E+02 8.143E+02 3.664E+00 3.818E+01 1.500E+02 3.300E+03 3.221E−04 0.000E+00 6.442E+00 1.552E−01 1.116E+03 9.172E+02 4.714E+00 3.713E+01 2.000E+02 4.400E+03 4.294E−04 0.000E+00 6.580E+00 1.520E−01 1.225E+03 9.816E+02 5.639E+00 3.649E+01 3.000E+02 6.600E+03 6.441E−04 0.000E+00 6.639E+00 1.506E−01 1.393E+03 1.076E+03 7.291E+00 3.571E+01 4.000E+02 8.800E+03 8.586E−04 0.000E+00 6.526E+00 1.532E−01 1.471E+03 1.109E+03 8.810E+00 3.522E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

4.000E+02 8.800E+03 8.586E−04 0.000E+00 6.526E+00 1.532E−01 1.471E+03 1.109E+03 8.810E+00 3.522E+01 5.000E+02 1.100E+04 1.073E−03 0.000E+00 6.298E+00 1.588E−01 1.510E+03 1.110E+03 1.027E+01 3.489E+01 6.000E+02 1.320E+04 1.288E−03 3.212E+04 5.932E+00 1.686E−01 1.504E+03 1.068E+03 1.173E+01 3.464E+01 7.000E+02 1.540E+04 1.502E−03 3.014E+04 5.639E+00 1.774E−01 1.482E+03 1.023E+03 1.321E+01 3.444E+01 8.000E+02 1.760E+04 1.716E−03 2.834E+04 5.358E+00 1.866E−01 1.456E+03 9.752E+02 1.472E+01 3.428E+01 9.000E+02 1.980E+04 1.930E−03 2.670E+04 5.091E+00 1.964E−01 1.426E+03 9.256E+02 1.626E+01 3.414E+01 1.000E+03 2.200E+04 2.144E−03 2.518E+04 4.835E+00 2.068E−01 1.394E+03 8.745E+02 1.784E+01 3.403E+01 1.500E+03 3.300E+04 3.214E−03 1.961E+04 3.839E+00 2.605E−01 1.236E+03 6.766E+02 2.632E+01 3.363E+01 2.000E+03 4.400E+04 4.282E−03 1.664E+04 3.276E+00 3.052E−01 1.124E+03 6.106E+02 3.580E+01 3.338E+01 3.000E+03 6.600E+04 6.413E−03 1.233E+04 2.435E+00 4.107E−01 9.258E+02 4.976E+02 5.782E+01 3.308E+01 4.000E+03 8.800E+04 8.537E−03 1.016E+04 2.003E+00 4.992E−01 8.081E+02 4.324E+02 8.387E+01 3.290E+01 5.000E+03 1.100E+05 1.065E−02 8.504E+03 1.672E+00 5.981E−01 7.092E+02 3.783E+02 1.139E+02 3.277E+01 6.000E+03 1.320E+05 1.276E−02 7.189E+03 1.408E+00 7.104E−01 6.242E+02 3.324E+02 1.477E+02 3.268E+01 7.000E+03 1.540E+05 1.487E−02 6.422E+03 1.253E+00 7.979E−01 5.718E+02 3.042E+02 1.854E+02 3.260E+01 8.000E+03 1.760E+05 1.696E−02 5.774E+03 1.123E+00 8.906E−01 5.257E+02 2.796E+02 2.269E+02 3.254E+01 9.000E+03 1.980E+05 1.905E−02 5.217E+03 1.011E+00 9.894E−01 4.846E+02 2.578E+02 2.722E+02 3.249E+01 1.000E+04 2.200E+05 2.114E−02 4.732E+03 9.131E−01 1.095E+00 4.476E+02 2.382E+02 3.212E+02 3.245E+01 1.500E+04 3.300E+05 3.146E−02 3.183E+03 6.028E−01 1.659E+00 3.215E+02 1.718E+02 6.224E+02 3.229E+01 2.000E+04 4.400E+05 4.161E−02 2.494E+03 4.657E−01 2.147E+00 2.606E+02 1.400E+02 1.016E+03 3.220E+01 3.000E+04 6.600E+05 6.145E−02 1.654E+03 2.998E−01 3.336E+00 1.812E+02 9.871E+01 2.074E+03 3.209E+01 4.000E+04 8.800E+05 8.068E−02 1.295E+03 2.297E−01 4.354E+00 1.451E+02 8.005E+01 3.483E+03 3.202E+01 5.000E+04 1.100E+06 9.933E−02 1.048E+03 1.872E−01 5.341E+00 1.228E+02 6.670E+01 5.189E+03 3.197E+01

3.193E+01 7.000E+04 1.540E+06 1.350E−01 7.675E+02 1.361E−01 7.349E+00 9.425E+01 5.090E+01 9.460E+03 3.190E+01 8.000E+04 1.760E+06 1.520E−01 6.867E+02 1.216E−01 8.227E+00 8.584E+01 4.620E+01 1.199E+04 3.188E+01 9.000E+04 1.980E+06 1.685E−01 6.196E+02 1.096E−01 9.128E+00 7.877E+01 4.225E+01 1.477E+04 3.186E+01 1.000E+05 2.200E+06 1.846E−01 5.629E+02 9.946E−02 1.005E+01 7.273E+01 3.886E+01 1.778E+04 3.184E+01 1.500E+05 3.300E+06 2.582E−01 3.922E+02 6.923E−02 1.444E+01 5.401E+01 2.835E+01 3.596E+04 3.179E+01 2.000E+05 4.400E+06 3.224E−01 3.207E+02 5.659E−02 1.767E+01 4.584E+01 2.379E+01 5.864E+04 3.175E+01 3.000E+05 6.600E+06 4.280E−01 2.361E+02 4.160E−02 2.404E+01 3.585E+01 1.826E+01 1.146E+05 3.171E+01 4.000E+05 8.800E+06 5.107E−01 2.009E+02 3.529E−02 2.833E+01 3.155E+01 1.593E+01 1.813E+05 3.168E+01 5.000E+05 1.100E+07 5.767E−01 1.771E+02 3.096E−02 3.230E+01 2.858E+01 1.434E+01 2.562E+05 3.166E+01 6.000E+05 1.320E+07 6.302E−01 1.599E+02 2.779E−02 3.599E+01 2.640E+01 1.321E+01 3.373E+05 3.165E+01 7.000E+05 1.540E+07 6.741E−01 1.506E+02 2.604E−02 3.840E+01 2.521E+01 1.261E+01 4.234E+05 3.164E+01 8.000E+05 1.760E+07 7.107E−01 1.431E+02 2.462E−02 4.062E+01 2.426E+01 1.214E+01 5.135E+05 3.163E+01 9.000E+05 1.980E+07 7.414E−01 1.370E+02 2.344E−02 4.266E+01 2.348E+01 1.176E+01 6.069E+05 3.162E+01 1.000E+06 2.200E+07 7.675E−01 1.320E+02 2.244E−02 4.456E+01 2.284E+01 1.146E+01 7.029E+05 3.161E+01

(b) Equilibrium Values

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

1.000E−01 2.200E+00 6.943E−02 1.440E+01 1.599E+02 1.737E+02 8.597E−02 1.599E+02 1.737E+02 8.597E−02 1.554E−02 1.500E−01 3.300E+00 1.007E−01 9.929E+00 1.773E+02 1.912E+02 7.832E−02 1.773E+02 1.912E+02 7.832E−02 2.041E−02 2.000E−01 4.400E+00 1.312E−01 7.621E+00 1.895E+02 2.030E+02 7.144E−02 1.895E+02 2.030E+02 7.144E−02 2.503E−02 3.000E−01 6.600E+00 1.904E−01 5.253E+00 2.060E+02 2.184E+02 6.050E−02 2.060E+02 2.184E+02 6.050E−02 3.387E−02 4.000E−01 8.800E+00 2.475E−01 4.041E+00 2.168E+02 2.281E+02 5.233E−02 2.168E+02 2.281E+02 5.233E−02 4.242E−02 5.000E−01 1.100E+01 3.028E−01 3.302E+00 2.245E+02 2.348E+02 4.604E−02 2.245E+02 2.348E+02 4.604E−02 5.084E−02 6.000E−01 1.320E+01 3.567E−01 2.804E+00 2.302E+02 2.397E+02 4.105E−02 2.302E+02 2.397E+02 4.105E−02 5.918E−02 7.000E−01 1.540E+01 4.091E−01 2.444E+00 2.347E+02 2.434E+02 3.701E−02 2.347E+02 2.434E+02 3.701E−02 6.746E−02 8.000E−01 1.760E+01 4.603E−01 2.173E+00 2.382E+02 2.463E+02 3.367E−02 2.382E+02 2.463E+02 3.367E−02 7.572E−02 9.000E−01 1.980E+01 5.102E−01 1.960E+00 2.412E+02 2.486E+02 3.087E−02 2.412E+02 2.486E+02 3.087E−02 8.395E−02 1.000E+00 2.200E+01 5.591E−01 1.789E+00 2.436E+02 2.505E+02 2.849E−02 2.436E+02 2.505E+02 2.849E−02 9.216E−02 1.500E+00 3.300E+01 7.888E−01 1.268E+00 2.516E+02 2.568E+02 2.061E−02 2.516E+02 2.568E+02 2.061E−02 1.330E−01 2.000E+00 4.400E+01 9.977E−01 1.002E+00 2.564E+02 2.605E+02 1.630E−02 2.564E+02 2.605E+02 1.630E−02 1.735E−01 3.000E+00 6.600E+01 1.368E+00 7.311E−01 2.631E+02 2.663E+02 1.205E−02 2.631E+02 2.663E+02 1.205E−02 2.527E−01 4.000E+00 8.800E+01 1.688E+00 5.923E−01 2.689E+02 2.717E+02 1.040E−02 2.689E+02 2.717E+02 1.040E−02 3.290E−01 5.000E+00 1.100E+02 1.971E+00 5.073E−01 2.746E+02 2.773E+02 1.005E−02 2.746E+02 2.773E+02 1.005E−02 4.024E−01 6.000E+00 1.320E+02 2.224E+00 4.496E−01 2.802E+02 2.832E+02 1.052E−02 2.802E+02 2.832E+02 1.052E−02 4.729E−01 7.000E+00 1.540E+02 2.453E+00 4.077E−01 2.858E+02 2.891E+02 1.152E−02 2.858E+02 2.891E+02 1.152E−02 5.406E−01 8.000E+00 1.760E+02 2.661E+00 3.759E−01 2.914E+02 2.952E+02 1.292E−02 2.914E+02 2.952E+02 1.292E−02 6.057E−01 9.000E+00 1.980E+02 2.851E+00 3.508E−01 2.969E+02 3.013E+02 1.461E−02 2.969E+02 3.013E+02 1.461E−02 6.685E−01 1.000E+01 2.200E+02 3.026E+00 3.305E−01 3.024E+02 3.074E+02 1.650E−02 3.024E+02 3.074E+02 1.650E−02 7.292E−01 1.500E+01 3.300E+02 3.730E+00 2.681E−01 3.286E+02 3.376E+02 2.747E−02 3.286E+02 3.376E+02 2.747E−02 1.006E+00 2.000E+01 4.400E+02 4.239E+00 2.359E−01 3.527E+02 3.664E+02 3.882E−02 3.527E+02 3.664E+02 3.882E−02 1.249E+00 3.000E+01 6.600E+02 4.920E+00 2.032E−01 3.957E+02 4.192E+02 5.919E−02 3.957E+02 4.192E+02 5.919E−02 1.669E+00 4.000E+01 8.800E+02 5.346E+00 1.871E−01 4.335E+02 4.663E+02 7.576E−02 4.335E+02 4.663E+02 7.576E−02 2.031E+00 5.000E+01 1.100E+03 5.624E+00 1.778E−01 4.673E+02 5.089E+02 8.918E−02 4.668E+02 5.081E+02 8.842E−02 2.355E+00 6.000E+01 1.320E+03 5.812E+00 1.721E−01 4.981E+02 5.479E+02 1.001E−01 4.941E+02 5.407E+02 9.434E−02 2.651E+00 7.000E+01 1.540E+03 5.939E+00 1.684E−01 5.264E+02 5.838E+02 1.092E−01 5.171E+02 5.674E+02 9.714E−02 2.926E+00 8.000E+01 1.760E+03 6.025E+00 1.660E−01 5.527E+02 6.172E+02 1.166E−01 5.373E+02 5.903E+02 9.863E−02 3.185E+00 9.000E+01 1.980E+03 6.081E+00 1.644E−01 5.774E+02 6.483E+02 1.229E−01 5.555E+02 6.108E+02 9.956E−02 3.430E+00 1.000E+02 2.200E+03 6.115E+00 1.635E−01 6.005E+02 6.775E+02 1.282E−01 5.720E+02 6.293E+02 1.002E−01 3.664E+00 1.500E+02 3.300E+03 6.174E+00 1.620E−01 7.001E+02 8.015E+02 1.448E−01 6.399E+02 7.051E+02 1.019E−01 4.714E+00 2.000E+02 4.400E+03 6.234E+00 1.604E−01 7.804E+02 8.988E+02 1.517E−01 6.925E+02 7.634E+02 1.023E−01 5.639E+00 3.000E+02 6.600E+03 6.325E+00 1.581E−01 9.053E+02 1.044E+03 1.526E−01 7.719E+02 8.490E+02 9.990E−02 7.291E+00 4.000E+02 8.800E+03 6.368E+00 1.570E−01 9.989E+02 1.145E+03 1.459E−01 8.285E+02 9.065E+02 9.418E−02 8.810E+00

E/A

keV/A E

keV Iav

nm−1 mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

4.000E+02 8.800E+03 6.368E+00 1.570E−01 9.989E+02 1.145E+03 1.459E−01 8.285E+02 9.065E+02 9.418E−02 8.810E+00 5.000E+02 1.100E+04 6.367E+00 1.571E−01 1.071E+03 1.216E+03 1.360E−01 8.688E+02 9.439E+02 8.640E−02 1.027E+01 6.000E+02 1.320E+04 6.329E+00 1.580E−01 1.125E+03 1.265E+03 1.244E−01 8.957E+02 9.652E+02 7.757E−02 1.173E+01 7.000E+02 1.540E+04 6.259E+00 1.598E−01 1.166E+03 1.297E+03 1.125E−01 9.111E+02 9.739E+02 6.885E−02 1.321E+01 8.000E+02 1.760E+04 6.169E+00 1.621E−01 1.196E+03 1.317E+03 1.015E−01 9.181E+02 9.745E+02 6.139E−02 1.472E+01 9.000E+02 1.980E+04 6.067E+00 1.648E−01 1.218E+03 1.329E+03 9.166E−02 9.189E+02 9.698E+02 5.546E−02 1.626E+01 1.000E+03 2.200E+04 5.958E+00 1.678E−01 1.233E+03 1.336E+03 8.310E−02 9.150E+02 9.618E+02 5.117E−02 1.784E+01 1.500E+03 3.300E+04 5.394E+00 1.854E−01 1.254E+03 1.324E+03 5.542E−02 8.588E+02 9.014E+02 4.962E−02 2.632E+01 2.000E+03 4.400E+04 4.881E+00 2.049E−01 1.230E+03 1.283E+03 4.373E−02 7.987E+02 8.451E+02 5.801E−02 3.580E+01 3.000E+03 6.600E+04 4.063E+00 2.461E−01 1.142E+03 1.190E+03 4.172E−02 6.999E+02 7.558E+02 7.983E−02 5.782E+01 4.000E+03 8.800E+04 3.465E+00 2.886E−01 1.050E+03 1.104E+03 5.144E−02 6.232E+02 6.876E+02 1.033E−01 8.387E+01 5.000E+03 1.100E+05 3.015E+00 3.317E−01 9.668E+02 1.030E+03 6.552E−02 5.623E+02 6.334E+02 1.264E−01 1.139E+02 6.000E+03 1.320E+05 2.664E+00 3.753E−01 8.942E+02 9.669E+02 8.126E−02 5.128E+02 5.890E+02 1.486E−01 1.477E+02 7.000E+03 1.540E+05 2.385E+00 4.193E−01 8.312E+02 9.122E+02 9.750E−02 4.718E+02 5.518E+02 1.696E−01 1.854E+02 8.000E+03 1.760E+05 2.157E+00 4.637E−01 7.763E+02 8.645E+02 1.137E−01 4.371E+02 5.199E+02 1.895E−01 2.269E+02 9.000E+03 1.980E+05 1.967E+00 5.084E−01 7.281E+02 8.225E+02 1.298E−01 4.075E+02 4.924E+02 2.084E−01 2.722E+02 1.000E+04 2.200E+05 1.807E+00 5.535E−01 6.855E+02 7.852E+02 1.455E−01 3.817E+02 4.681E+02 2.264E−01 3.212E+02 1.500E+04 3.300E+05 1.275E+00 7.842E−01 5.307E+02 6.462E+02 2.177E−01 2.913E+02 3.801E+02 3.048E−01 6.224E+02 2.000E+04 4.400E+05 9.782E−01 1.022E+00 4.335E+02 5.549E+02 2.799E−01 2.366E+02 3.237E+02 3.684E−01 1.016E+03 3.000E+04 6.600E+05 6.604E−01 1.514E+00 3.186E+02 4.399E+02 3.807E−01 1.734E+02 2.541E+02 4.651E−01 2.074E+03 4.000E+04 8.800E+05 4.949E−01 2.021E+00 2.530E+02 3.692E+02 4.594E−01 1.380E+02 2.118E+02 5.348E−01 3.483E+03 5.000E+04 1.100E+06 3.975E−01 2.516E+00 2.122E+02 3.212E+02 5.140E−01 1.157E+02 1.836E+02 5.870E−01 5.189E+03 6.000E+04 1.320E+06 3.327E−01 3.006E+00 1.838E+02 2.861E+02 5.562E−01 1.001E+02 1.631E+02 6.283E−01 7.187E+03 7.000E+04 1.540E+06 2.866E−01 3.490E+00 1.629E+02 2.591E+02 5.899E−01 8.867E+01 1.474E+02 6.620E−01 9.460E+03 8.000E+04 1.760E+06 2.521E−01 3.966E+00 1.469E+02 2.376E+02 6.169E−01 7.984E+01 1.349E+02 6.898E−01 1.199E+04 9.000E+04 1.980E+06 2.255E−01 4.434E+00 1.342E+02 2.200E+02 6.391E−01 7.283E+01 1.248E+02 7.131E−01 1.477E+04 1.000E+05 2.200E+06 2.043E−01 4.895E+00 1.239E+02 2.053E+02 6.573E−01 6.712E+01 1.163E+02 7.330E−01 1.778E+04 1.500E+05 3.300E+06 1.413E−01 7.079E+00 9.185E+01 1.572E+02 7.111E−01 4.937E+01 8.874E+01 7.975E−01 3.596E+04 2.000E+05 4.400E+06 1.101E−01 9.080E+00 7.510E+01 1.300E+02 7.315E−01 4.006E+01 7.327E+01 8.288E−01 5.864E+04 3.000E+05 6.600E+06 7.923E−02 1.262E+01 5.766E+01 9.987E+01 7.322E−01 3.037E+01 5.606E+01 8.463E−01 1.146E+05 4.000E+05 8.800E+06 6.383E−02 1.567E+01 4.857E+01 8.316E+01 7.121E−01 2.534E+01 4.652E+01 8.360E−01 1.813E+05 5.000E+05 1.100E+07 5.458E−02 1.832E+01 4.297E+01 7.242E+01 6.852E−01 2.225E+01 4.036E+01 8.137E−01 2.562E+05 6.000E+05 1.320E+07 4.839E−02 2.067E+01 3.916E+01 6.487E+01 6.566E−01 2.017E+01 3.602E+01 7.862E−01 3.373E+05 7.000E+05 1.540E+07 4.395E−02 2.276E+01 3.639E+01 5.926E+01 6.282E−01 1.866E+01 3.279E+01 7.565E−01 4.234E+05 8.000E+05 1.760E+07 4.060E−02 2.463E+01 3.429E+01 5.490E+01 6.010E−01 1.753E+01 3.027E+01 7.265E−01 5.135E+05 9.000E+05 1.980E+07 3.798E−02 2.633E+01 3.264E+01 5.142E+01 5.754E−01 1.665E+01 2.826E+01 6.971E−01 6.069E+05 1.000E+06 2.200E+07 3.587E−02 2.788E+01 3.131E+01 4.857E+01 5.512E−01 1.595E+01 2.661E+01 6.685E−01 7.029E+05

SODIUM-23 IONS: A=23 Z=11 (a) Instantaneous Data

∆M=−9.52968 MeV Mc2=2.1415E+04 MeV

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

1.000E−01 2.300E+00 2.148E−07 0.000E+00 1.519E−01 6.582E+00 2.332E+02 2.332E+02 1.520E−02 1.612E+02 1.500E−01 3.450E+00 3.222E−07 0.000E+00 2.238E−01 4.468E+00 2.531E+02 2.531E+02 1.990E−02 1.410E+02 2.000E−01 4.600E+00 4.296E−07 0.000E+00 2.813E−01 3.555E+00 2.635E+02 2.635E+02 2.433E−02 1.286E+02 3.000E−01 6.900E+00 6.444E−07 0.000E+00 4.100E−01 2.439E+00 2.779E+02 2.779E+02 3.278E−02 1.134E+02 4.000E−01 9.200E+00 8.592E−07 0.000E+00 5.116E−01 1.955E+00 2.844E+02 2.844E+02 4.094E−02 1.042E+02 5.000E−01 1.150E+01 1.074E−06 0.000E+00 6.195E−01 1.614E+00 2.888E+02 2.888E+02 4.895E−02 9.769E+01 6.000E−01 1.380E+01 1.289E−06 0.000E+00 7.357E−01 1.359E+00 2.919E+02 2.919E+02 5.686E−02 9.284E+01 7.000E−01 1.610E+01 1.504E−06 0.000E+00 8.221E−01 1.216E+00 2.935E+02 2.935E+02 6.471E−02 8.901E+01 8.000E−01 1.840E+01 1.718E−06 0.000E+00 9.099E−01 1.099E+00 2.946E+02 2.946E+02 7.252E−02 8.590E+01 9.000E−01 2.070E+01 1.933E−06 0.000E+00 9.999E−01 1.000E+00 2.956E+02 2.956E+02 8.031E−02 8.329E+01

8.106E+01 1.500E+00 3.450E+01 3.222E−06 0.000E+00 1.534E+00 6.519E−01 2.994E+02 2.994E+02 1.267E−01 7.335E+01 2.000E+00 4.600E+01 4.296E−06 0.000E+00 1.866E+00 5.359E−01 3.022E+02 3.022E+02 1.649E−01 6.863E+01 3.000E+00 6.900E+01 6.444E−06 0.000E+00 2.553E+00 3.917E−01 3.117E+02 3.117E+02 2.398E−01 6.286E+01 4.000E+00 9.200E+01 8.592E−06 0.000E+00 3.047E+00 3.282E−01 3.216E+02 3.216E+02 3.124E−01 5.933E+01 5.000E+00 1.150E+02 1.074E−05 0.000E+00 3.531E+00 2.832E−01 3.338E+02 3.338E+02 3.823E−01 5.687E+01 6.000E+00 1.380E+02 1.289E−05 0.000E+00 4.010E+00 2.494E−01 3.483E+02 3.483E+02 4.496E−01 5.502E+01 7.000E+00 1.610E+02 1.504E−05 0.000E+00 4.338E+00 2.305E−01 3.597E+02 3.597E+02 5.144E−01 5.357E+01 8.000E+00 1.840E+02 1.718E−05 0.000E+00 4.651E+00 2.150E−01 3.716E+02 3.716E+02 5.769E−01 5.238E+01 9.000E+00 2.070E+02 1.933E−05 0.000E+00 4.949E+00 2.021E−01 3.842E+02 3.842E+02 6.372E−01 5.139E+01 1.000E+01 2.300E+02 2.148E−05 0.000E+00 5.234E+00 1.910E−01 3.974E+02 3.974E+02 6.956E−01 5.054E+01 1.500E+01 3.450E+02 3.222E−05 0.000E+00 6.189E+00 1.616E−01 4.521E+02 4.521E+02 9.626E−01 4.760E+01 2.000E+01 4.600E+02 4.296E−05 0.000E+00 6.907E+00 1.448E−01 5.113E+02 5.113E+02 1.198E+00 4.580E+01 3.000E+01 6.900E+02 6.444E−05 0.000E+00 7.536E+00 1.327E−01 5.986E+02 5.986E+02 1.605E+00 4.361E+01 4.000E+01 9.200E+02 8.592E−05 0.000E+00 7.801E+00 1.282E−01 6.873E+02 6.873E+02 1.957E+00 4.227E+01 5.000E+01 1.150E+03 1.074E−04 0.000E+00 7.818E+00 1.279E−01 7.601E+02 7.465E+02 2.272E+00 4.133E+01 6.000E+01 1.380E+03 1.289E−04 0.000E+00 7.750E+00 1.290E−01 8.119E+02 7.704E+02 2.559E+00 4.063E+01 7.000E+01 1.610E+03 1.503E−04 0.000E+00 7.574E+00 1.320E−01 8.837E+02 8.060E+02 2.827E+00 4.007E+01 8.000E+01 1.840E+03 1.718E−04 0.000E+00 7.411E+00 1.349E−01 9.329E+02 8.319E+02 3.078E+00 3.962E+01 9.000E+01 2.070E+03 1.933E−04 0.000E+00 7.227E+00 1.384E−01 9.808E+02 8.579E+02 3.315E+00 3.924E+01 1.000E+02 2.300E+03 2.148E−04 0.000E+00 7.028E+00 1.423E−01 1.028E+03 8.841E+02 3.542E+00 3.892E+01 1.500E+02 3.450E+03 3.221E−04 0.000E+00 6.916E+00 1.446E−01 1.197E+03 9.825E+02 4.559E+00 3.780E+01 2.000E+02 4.600E+03 4.295E−04 0.000E+00 7.124E+00 1.404E−01 1.345E+03 1.071E+03 5.451E+00 3.712E+01 3.000E+02 6.900E+03 6.441E−04 0.000E+00 7.224E+00 1.384E−01 1.512E+03 1.168E+03 7.038E+00 3.628E+01 4.000E+02 9.200E+03 8.587E−04 0.000E+00 7.124E+00 1.404E−01 1.626E+03 1.222E+03 8.488E+00 3.577E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

4.000E+02 9.200E+03 8.587E−04 0.000E+00 7.124E+00 1.404E−01 1.626E+03 1.222E+03 8.488E+00 3.577E+01 5.000E+02 1.150E+04 1.073E−03 0.000E+00 6.906E+00 1.448E−01 1.676E+03 1.230E+03 9.875E+00 3.541E+01 6.000E+02 1.380E+04 1.288E−03 0.000E+00 6.678E+00 1.497E−01 1.687E+03 1.213E+03 1.124E+01 3.514E+01 7.000E+02 1.610E+04 1.502E−03 3.331E+04 6.240E+00 1.603E−01 1.659E+03 1.149E+03 1.262E+01 3.493E+01 8.000E+02 1.840E+04 1.716E−03 3.140E+04 5.942E+00 1.683E−01 1.632E+03 1.099E+03 1.402E+01 3.476E+01 9.000E+02 2.070E+04 1.930E−03 2.964E+04 5.657E+00 1.768E−01 1.602E+03 1.047E+03 1.544E+01 3.462E+01 1.000E+03 2.300E+04 2.145E−03 2.802E+04 5.382E+00 1.858E−01 1.569E+03 9.925E+02 1.690E+01 3.449E+01 1.500E+03 3.450E+04 3.214E−03 2.277E+04 4.448E+00 2.248E−01 1.426E+03 7.813E+02 2.466E+01 3.407E+01 2.000E+03 4.600E+04 4.282E−03 1.876E+04 3.692E+00 2.708E−01 1.279E+03 6.943E+02 3.328E+01 3.381E+01 3.000E+03 6.900E+04 6.413E−03 1.459E+04 2.879E+00 3.473E−01 1.090E+03 5.863E+02 5.310E+01 3.349E+01 4.000E+03 9.200E+04 8.537E−03 1.159E+04 2.284E+00 4.379E−01 9.294E+02 4.970E+02 7.637E+01 3.330E+01 5.000E+03 1.150E+05 1.065E−02 9.740E+03 1.912E+00 5.229E−01 8.183E+02 4.363E+02 1.030E+02 3.316E+01 6.000E+03 1.380E+05 1.276E−02 8.655E+03 1.694E+00 5.903E−01 7.484E+02 3.986E+02 1.330E+02 3.306E+01 7.000E+03 1.610E+05 1.487E−02 7.394E+03 1.440E+00 6.942E−01 6.626E+02 3.525E+02 1.663E+02 3.298E+01 8.000E+03 1.840E+05 1.697E−02 6.661E+03 1.293E+00 7.735E−01 6.102E+02 3.245E+02 2.028E+02 3.291E+01 9.000E+03 2.070E+05 1.906E−02 6.028E+03 1.166E+00 8.580E−01 5.633E+02 2.996E+02 2.425E+02 3.286E+01 1.000E+04 2.300E+05 2.114E−02 5.476E+03 1.055E+00 9.483E−01 5.210E+02 2.773E+02 2.854E+02 3.281E+01 1.500E+04 3.450E+05 3.146E−02 3.906E+03 7.400E−01 1.351E+00 3.932E+02 2.100E+02 5.480E+02 3.265E+01 2.000E+04 4.600E+05 4.162E−02 2.908E+03 5.416E−01 1.846E+00 3.052E+02 1.641E+02 8.896E+02 3.255E+01 3.000E+04 6.900E+05 6.146E−02 2.041E+03 3.703E−01 2.700E+00 2.231E+02 1.214E+02 1.805E+03 3.243E+01 4.000E+04 9.200E+05 8.069E−02 1.515E+03 2.676E−01 3.737E+00 1.701E+02 9.406E+01 3.024E+03 3.235E+01 5.000E+04 1.150E+06 9.933E−02 1.227E+03 2.188E−01 4.570E+00 1.444E+02 7.842E+01 4.499E+03 3.230E+01 6.000E+04 1.380E+06 1.174E−01 1.071E+03 1.902E−01 5.257E+00 1.286E+02 6.967E+01 6.226E+03 3.226E+01

3.223E+01 8.000E+04 1.840E+06 1.520E−01 8.051E+02 1.424E−01 7.023E+00 1.012E+02 5.439E+01 1.038E+04 3.221E+01 9.000E+04 2.070E+06 1.685E−01 7.267E+02 1.284E−01 7.787E+00 9.288E+01 4.975E+01 1.278E+04 3.219E+01 1.000E+05 2.300E+06 1.846E−01 6.605E+02 1.166E−01 8.573E+00 8.580E+01 4.578E+01 1.538E+04 3.217E+01 1.500E+05 3.450E+06 2.582E−01 4.831E+02 8.524E−02 1.173E+01 6.631E+01 3.484E+01 3.109E+04 3.211E+01 2.000E+05 4.600E+06 3.224E−01 3.778E+02 6.665E−02 1.500E+01 5.429E+01 2.813E+01 5.068E+04 3.207E+01 3.000E+05 6.900E+06 4.280E−01 2.899E+02 5.107E−02 1.958E+01 4.389E+01 2.238E+01 9.900E+04 3.202E+01 4.000E+05 9.200E+06 5.107E−01 2.381E+02 4.179E−02 2.393E+01 3.756E+01 1.894E+01 1.567E+05 3.199E+01 5.000E+05 1.150E+07 5.767E−01 2.103E+02 3.673E−02 2.722E+01 3.408E+01 1.709E+01 2.213E+05 3.198E+01 6.000E+05 1.380E+07 6.302E−01 1.955E+02 3.399E−02 2.942E+01 3.220E+01 1.611E+01 2.915E+05 3.196E+01 7.000E+05 1.610E+07 6.741E−01 1.839E+02 3.183E−02 3.142E+01 3.073E+01 1.537E+01 3.659E+05 3.195E+01 8.000E+05 1.840E+07 7.107E−01 1.708E+02 2.933E−02 3.410E+01 2.906E+01 1.454E+01 4.437E+05 3.194E+01 9.000E+05 2.070E+07 7.414E−01 1.638E+02 2.795E−02 3.578E+01 2.815E+01 1.411E+01 5.244E+05 3.193E+01 1.000E+06 2.300E+07 7.675E−01 1.579E+02 2.678E−02 3.734E+01 2.740E+01 1.376E+01 6.074E+05 3.192E+01

(b) Equilibrium Values

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

1.000E−01 2.300E+00 6.963E−02 1.436E+01 1.710E+02 1.867E+02 9.166E−02 1.710E+02 1.867E+02 9.166E−02 1.520E−02 1.500E−01 3.450E+00 1.012E−01 9.886E+00 1.903E+02 2.062E+02 8.384E−02 1.903E+02 2.062E+02 8.384E−02 1.990E−02 2.000E−01 4.600E+00 1.319E−01 7.579E+00 2.039E+02 2.196E+02 7.680E−02 2.039E+02 2.196E+02 7.680E−02 2.433E−02 3.000E−01 6.900E+00 1.917E−01 5.215E+00 2.226E+02 2.372E+02 6.550E−02 2.226E+02 2.372E+02 6.550E−02 3.278E−02 4.000E−01 9.200E+00 2.496E−01 4.006E+00 2.350E+02 2.484E+02 5.701E−02 2.350E+02 2.484E+02 5.701E−02 4.094E−02 5.000E−01 1.150E+01 3.058E−01 3.270E+00 2.439E+02 2.562E+02 5.043E−02 2.439E+02 2.562E+02 5.043E−02 4.895E−02 6.000E−01 1.380E+01 3.605E−01 2.774E+00 2.507E+02 2.620E+02 4.518E−02 2.507E+02 2.620E+02 4.518E−02 5.686E−02 7.000E−01 1.610E+01 4.140E−01 2.416E+00 2.559E+02 2.664E+02 4.089E−02 2.559E+02 2.664E+02 4.089E−02 6.471E−02 8.000E−01 1.840E+01 4.661E−01 2.145E+00 2.602E+02 2.699E+02 3.733E−02 2.602E+02 2.699E+02 3.733E−02 7.252E−02 9.000E−01 2.070E+01 5.172E−01 1.934E+00 2.637E+02 2.727E+02 3.433E−02 2.637E+02 2.727E+02 3.433E−02 8.031E−02 1.000E+00 2.300E+01 5.671E−01 1.763E+00 2.666E+02 2.751E+02 3.177E−02 2.666E+02 2.751E+02 3.177E−02 8.808E−02 1.500E+00 3.450E+01 8.026E−01 1.246E+00 2.763E+02 2.827E+02 2.318E−02 2.763E+02 2.827E+02 2.318E−02 1.267E−01 2.000E+00 4.600E+01 1.018E+00 9.822E−01 2.821E+02 2.873E+02 1.839E−02 2.821E+02 2.873E+02 1.839E−02 1.649E−01 3.000E+00 6.900E+01 1.401E+00 7.135E−01 2.899E+02 2.938E+02 1.353E−02 2.899E+02 2.938E+02 1.353E−02 2.398E−01 4.000E+00 9.200E+01 1.736E+00 5.761E−01 2.962E+02 2.996E+02 1.146E−02 2.962E+02 2.996E+02 1.146E−02 3.124E−01 5.000E+00 1.150E+02 2.032E+00 4.921E−01 3.022E+02 3.055E+02 1.077E−02 3.022E+02 3.055E+02 1.077E−02 3.823E−01 6.000E+00 1.380E+02 2.297E+00 4.353E−01 3.082E+02 3.115E+02 1.090E−02 3.082E+02 3.115E+02 1.090E−02 4.496E−01 7.000E+00 1.610E+02 2.538E+00 3.940E−01 3.141E+02 3.177E+02 1.161E−02 3.141E+02 3.177E+02 1.161E−02 5.144E−01 8.000E+00 1.840E+02 2.757E+00 3.627E−01 3.199E+02 3.240E+02 1.272E−02 3.199E+02 3.240E+02 1.272E−02 5.769E−01 9.000E+00 2.070E+02 2.958E+00 3.380E−01 3.257E+02 3.303E+02 1.413E−02 3.257E+02 3.303E+02 1.413E−02 6.372E−01 1.000E+01 2.300E+02 3.144E+00 3.181E−01 3.314E+02 3.367E+02 1.575E−02 3.314E+02 3.367E+02 1.575E−02 6.956E−01 1.500E+01 3.450E+02 3.892E+00 2.569E−01 3.590E+02 3.682E+02 2.558E−02 3.590E+02 3.682E+02 2.558E−02 9.626E−01 2.000E+01 4.600E+02 4.436E+00 2.254E−01 3.845E+02 3.984E+02 3.618E−02 3.845E+02 3.984E+02 3.618E−02 1.198E+00 3.000E+01 6.900E+02 5.169E+00 1.935E−01 4.302E+02 4.541E+02 5.566E−02 4.302E+02 4.541E+02 5.566E−02 1.605E+00 4.000E+01 9.200E+02 5.629E+00 1.776E−01 4.704E+02 5.041E+02 7.184E−02 4.704E+02 5.041E+02 7.184E−02 1.957E+00 5.000E+01 1.150E+03 5.934E+00 1.685E−01 5.065E+02 5.496E+02 8.513E−02 5.061E+02 5.489E+02 8.454E−02 2.272E+00 6.000E+01 1.380E+03 6.140E+00 1.629E−01 5.394E+02 5.912E+02 9.607E−02 5.351E+02 5.835E+02 9.037E−02 2.559E+00 7.000E+01 1.610E+03 6.282E+00 1.592E−01 5.698E+02 6.297E+02 1.052E−01 5.597E+02 6.118E+02 9.317E−02 2.827E+00 8.000E+01 1.840E+03 6.379E+00 1.568E−01 5.980E+02 6.655E+02 1.129E−01 5.811E+02 6.362E+02 9.476E−02 3.078E+00 9.000E+01 2.070E+03 6.444E+00 1.552E−01 6.245E+02 6.990E+02 1.193E−01 6.005E+02 6.580E+02 9.579E−02 3.315E+00 1.000E+02 2.300E+03 6.485E+00 1.542E−01 6.494E+02 7.305E+02 1.248E−01 6.181E+02 6.778E+02 9.654E−02 3.542E+00 1.500E+02 3.450E+03 6.564E+00 1.523E−01 7.569E+02 8.647E+02 1.425E−01 6.908E+02 7.592E+02 9.900E−02 4.559E+00 2.000E+02 4.600E+03 6.644E+00 1.505E−01 8.439E+02 9.710E+02 1.505E−01 7.476E+02 8.226E+02 1.003E-01 5.451E+00 3.000E+02 6.900E+03 6.770E+00 1.477E−01 9.804E+02 1.131E+03 1.535E−01 8.343E+02 9.175E+02 9.972E−02 7.038E+00 4.000E+02 9.200E+03 6.840E+00 1.462E−01 1.084E+03 1.245E+03 1.485E−01 8.976E+02 9.835E+02 9.563E−02 8.488E+00

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

4.000E+02 9.200E+03 6.840E+00 1.462E−01 1.084E+03 1.245E+03 1.485E−01 8.976E+02 9.835E+02 9.563E−02 8.488E+00 5.000E+02 1.150E+04 6.863E+00 1.457E−01 1.165E+03 1.328E+03 1.400E−01 9.443E+02 1.029E+03 8.922E−02 9.875E+00 6.000E+02 1.380E+04 6.848E+00 1.460E−01 1.228E+03 1.387E+03 1.298E−01 9.776E+02 1.057E+03 8.152E−02 1.124E+01 7.000E+02 1.610E+04 6.798E+00 1.471E−01 1.276E+03 1.428E+03 1.187E−01 9.988E+02 1.072E+03 7.326E−02 1.262E+01 8.000E+02 1.840E+04 6.721E+00 1.488E−01 1.312E+03 1.455E+03 1.085E−01 1.010E+03 1.077E+03 6.610E−02 1.402E+01 9.000E+02 2.070E+04 6.634E+00 1.507E−01 1.340E+03 1.472E+03 9.825E−02 1.016E+03 1.076E+03 5.929E−02 1.544E+01 1.000E+03 2.300E+04 6.533E+00 1.531E−01 1.361E+03 1.483E+03 8.946E−02 1.015E+03 1.070E+03 5.418E−02 1.690E+01 1.500E+03 3.450E+04 5.987E+00 1.670E−01 1.399E+03 1.483E+03 5.995E−02 9.671E+02 1.013E+03 4.768E−02 2.466E+01 2.000E+03 4.600E+04 5.465E+00 1.830E−01 1.383E+03 1.447E+03 4.606E−02 9.051E+02 9.539E+02 5.391E−02 3.328E+01 3.000E+03 6.900E+04 4.609E+00 2.170E−01 1.300E+03 1.352E+03 4.020E−02 8.010E+02 8.587E+02 7.211E−02 5.310E+01 4.000E+03 9.200E+04 3.966E+00 2.522E−01 1.205E+03 1.262E+03 4.691E−02 7.184E+02 7.850E+02 9.274E−02 7.637E+01 5.000E+03 1.150E+05 3.473E+00 2.879E−01 1.117E+03 1.182E+03 5.857E−02 6.519E+02 7.258E+02 1.135E−01 1.030E+02 6.000E+03 1.380E+05 3.086E+00 3.241E−01 1.038E+03 1.113E+03 7.229E−02 5.972E+02 6.770E+02 1.337E−01 1.330E+02 7.000E+03 1.610E+05 2.774E+00 3.605E−01 9.691E+02 1.053E+03 8.680E−02 5.514E+02 6.358E+02 1.530E−01 1.663E+02 8.000E+03 1.840E+05 2.518E+00 3.972E−01 9.082E+02 1.000E+03 1.016E−01 5.125E+02 6.004E+02 1.714E−01 2.028E+02 9.000E+03 2.070E+05 2.303E+00 4.342E−01 8.543E+02 9.537E+02 1.163E−01 4.790E+02 5.696E+02 1.890E−01 2.425E+02 1.000E+04 2.300E+05 2.121E+00 4.714E−01 8.065E+02 9.119E+02 1.307E−01 4.499E+02 5.425E+02 2.058E−01 2.854E+02 1.500E+04 3.450E+05 1.512E+00 6.615E−01 6.301E+02 7.551E+02 1.983E−01 3.463E+02 4.432E+02 2.795E−01 5.480E+02 2.000E+04 4.600E+05 1.166E+00 8.574E−01 5.176E+02 6.509E+02 2.575E−01 2.827E+02 3.789E+02 3.401E−01 8.896E+02 3.000E+04 6.900E+05 7.921E−01 1.263E+00 3.826E+02 5.185E+02 3.551E−01 2.084E+02 2.988E+02 4.340E−01 1.805E+03 4.000E+04 9.200E+05 5.953E−01 1.680E+00 3.046E+02 4.363E+02 4.323E−01 1.663E+02 2.498E+02 5.028E−01 3.024E+03 5.000E+04 1.150E+06 4.791E−01 2.087E+00 2.560E+02 3.803E+02 4.855E−01 1.396E+02 2.170E+02 5.548E−01 4.499E+03 6.000E+04 1.380E+06 4.013E−01 2.492E+00 2.220E+02 3.392E+02 5.280E−01 1.209E+02 1.930E+02 5.964E−01 6.226E+03 7.000E+04 1.610E+06 3.459E−01 2.891E+00 1.969E+02 3.075E+02 5.619E−01 1.071E+02 1.746E+02 6.303E−01 8.189E+03 8.000E+04 1.840E+06 3.045E−01 3.284E+00 1.776E+02 2.822E+02 5.895E−01 9.648E+01 1.600E+02 6.586E−01 1.038E+04 9.000E+04 2.070E+06 2.724E−01 3.671E+00 1.622E+02 2.615E+02 6.121E−01 8.803E+01 1.481E+02 6.824E−01 1.278E+04 1.000E+05 2.300E+06 2.468E−01 4.051E+00 1.498E+02 2.442E+02 6.307E−01 8.114E+01 1.382E+02 7.026E−01 1.538E+04 1.500E+05 3.450E+06 1.708E−01 5.856E+00 1.111E+02 1.874E+02 6.868E−01 5.971E+01 1.056E+02 7.692E−01 3.109E+04 2.000E+05 4.600E+06 1.332E−01 7.510E+00 9.086E+01 1.553E+02 7.090E−01 4.846E+01 8.734E+01 8.022E−01 5.068E+04 3.000E+05 6.900E+06 9.581E−02 1.044E+01 6.976E+01 1.195E+02 7.124E−01 3.674E+01 6.695E+01 8.223E−01 9.900E+04 4.000E+05 9.200E+06 7.719E−02 1.295E+01 5.878E+01 9.960E+01 6.945E−01 3.066E+01 5.562E+01 8.142E−01 1.567E+05 5.000E+05 1.150E+07 6.600E−02 1.515E+01 5.199E+01 8.681E+01 6.696E−01 2.692E+01 4.830E+01 7.940E−01 2.213E+05 6.000E+05 1.380E+07 5.852E−02 1.709E+01 4.738E+01 7.781E+01 6.422E−01 2.440E+01 4.313E+01 7.679E−01 2.915E+05 7.000E+05 1.610E+07 5.315E−02 1.881E+01 4.404E+01 7.111E+01 6.149E−01 2.258E+01 3.928E+01 7.394E−01 3.659E+05 8.000E+05 1.840E+07 4.910E−02 2.037E+01 4.149E+01 6.592E+01 5.887E−01 2.121E+01 3.629E+01 7.106E−01 4.437E+05 9.000E+05 2.070E+07 4.593E−02 2.177E+01 3.950E+01 6.177E+01 5.639E−01 2.015E+01 3.389E+01 6.821E−01 5.244E+05 1.000E+06 2.300E+07 4.338E−02 2.305E+01 3.789E+01 5.836E+01 5.404E−01 1.929E+01 3.192E+01 6.543E−01 6.074E+05

MAGNESIUM-24 IONS: A=24 Z=12 (a) Instantaneous Data

∆M=−13.93067 MeV Mc2=2.2342E+04 MeV

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

1.000E−01 2.400E+00 2.148E−07 0.000E+00 1.504E−01 6.650E+00 2.493E+02 2.493E+02 1.493E−02 1.692E+02 1.500E−01 3.600E+00 3.223E−07 0.000E+00 2.219E−01 4.506E+00 2.719E+02 2.719E+02 1.948E−02 1.477E+02 2.000E−01 4.800E+00 4.297E−07 0.000E+00 2.792E−01 3.581E+00 2.839E+02 2.839E+02 2.377E−02 1.346E+02 3.000E−01 7.200E+00 6.445E−07 0.000E+00 4.078E−01 2.452E+00 3.008E+02 3.008E+02 3.191E−02 1.185E+02 4.000E−01 9.600E+00 8.594E−07 0.000E+00 5.097E−01 1.962E+00 3.088E+02 3.088E+02 3.975E−02 1.087E+02 5.000E−01 1.200E+01 1.074E−06 0.000E+00 6.180E−01 1.618E+00 3.144E+02 3.144E+02 4.742E−02 1.019E+02 6.000E−01 1.440E+01 1.289E−06 0.000E+00 7.348E−01 1.361E+00 3.184E+02 3.184E+02 5.498E−02 9.672E+01 7.000E−01 1.680E+01 1.504E−06 0.000E+00 8.218E−01 1.217E+00 3.205E+02 3.205E+02 6.248E−02 9.267E+01 8.000E−01 1.920E+01 1.719E−06 0.000E+00 9.103E−01 1.098E+00 3.221E+02 3.221E+02 6.994E−02 8.937E+01

8.661E+01 1.000E+00 2.400E+01 2.148E−06 0.000E+00 1.095E+00 9.136E−01 3.244E+02 3.244E+02 8.476E−02 8.425E+01 1.500E+00 3.600E+01 3.223E−06 0.000E+00 1.542E+00 6.485E−01 3.280E+02 3.280E+02 1.215E−01 7.609E+01 2.000E+00 4.800E+01 4.297E−06 0.000E+00 1.880E+00 5.320E−01 3.309E+02 3.309E+02 1.579E−01 7.108E+01 3.000E+00 7.200E+01 6.445E−06 0.000E+00 2.582E+00 3.873E−01 3.400E+02 3.400E+02 2.293E−01 6.498E+01 4.000E+00 9.600E+01 8.594E−06 0.000E+00 3.090E+00 3.236E−01 3.496E+02 3.496E+02 2.987E−01 6.124E+01 5.000E+00 1.200E+02 1.074E−05 0.000E+00 3.590E+00 2.786E−01 3.616E+02 3.616E+02 3.657E−01 5.863E+01 6.000E+00 1.440E+02 1.289E−05 0.000E+00 4.086E+00 2.447E−01 3.760E+02 3.760E+02 4.304E−01 5.667E+01 7.000E+00 1.680E+02 1.504E−05 0.000E+00 4.429E+00 2.258E−01 3.874E+02 3.874E+02 4.928E−01 5.513E+01 8.000E+00 1.920E+02 1.719E−05 0.000E+00 4.755E+00 2.103E−01 3.995E+02 3.995E+02 5.531E−01 5.387E+01 9.000E+00 2.160E+02 1.934E−05 0.000E+00 5.069E+00 1.973E−01 4.122E+02 4.122E+02 6.114E−01 5.282E+01 1.000E+01 2.400E+02 2.148E−05 0.000E+00 5.369E+00 1.862E−01 4.256E+02 4.256E+02 6.679E−01 5.192E+01 1.500E+01 3.600E+02 3.223E−05 0.000E+00 6.536E+00 1.530E−01 4.919E+02 4.919E+02 9.271E−01 4.882E+01 2.000E+01 4.800E+02 4.297E−05 0.000E+00 7.165E+00 1.396E−01 5.430E+02 5.430E+02 1.156E+00 4.691E+01 3.000E+01 7.200E+02 6.445E−05 0.000E+00 7.951E+00 1.258E−01 6.498E+02 6.498E+02 1.554E+00 4.459E+01 4.000E+01 9.600E+02 8.593E−05 0.000E+00 8.196E+00 1.220E−01 7.270E+02 7.270E+02 1.897E+00 4.316E+01 5.000E+01 1.200E+03 1.074E−04 0.000E+00 8.249E+00 1.212E−01 8.038E+02 7.933E+02 2.205E+00 4.217E+01 6.000E+01 1.440E+03 1.289E−04 0.000E+00 8.163E+00 1.225E−01 8.810E+02 8.283E+02 2.486E+00 4.143E+01 7.000E+01 1.680E+03 1.504E−04 0.000E+00 8.041E+00 1.244E−01 9.350E+02 8.548E+02 2.747E+00 4.084E+01 8.000E+01 1.920E+03 1.719E−04 0.000E+00 7.885E+00 1.268E−01 9.874E+02 8.819E+02 2.992E+00 4.036E+01 9.000E+01 2.160E+03 1.933E−04 0.000E+00 7.705E+00 1.298E−01 1.039E+03 9.093E+02 3.224E+00 3.996E+01 1.000E+02 2.400E+03 2.148E−04 0.000E+00 7.507E+00 1.332E−01 1.089E+03 9.371E+02 3.446E+00 3.962E+01 1.500E+02 3.600E+03 3.222E−04 0.000E+00 7.408E+00 1.350E−01 1.301E+03 1.060E+03 4.431E+00 3.843E+01 2.000E+02 4.800E+03 4.295E−04 0.000E+00 7.611E+00 1.314E−01 1.434E+03 1.141E+03 5.304E+00 3.771E+01 3.000E+02 7.200E+03 6.442E−04 0.000E+00 7.780E+00 1.285E−01 1.649E+03 1.268E+03 6.841E+00 3.682E+01 4.000E+02 9.600E+03 8.588E−04 0.000E+00 7.730E+00 1.294E−01 1.758E+03 1.324E+03 8.237E+00 3.628E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

4.000E+02 9.600E+03 8.588E−04 0.000E+00 7.730E+00 1.294E−01 1.758E+03 1.324E+03 8.237E+00 3.628E+01 5.000E+02 1.200E+04 1.073E−03 0.000E+00 7.557E+00 1.323E−01 1.828E+03 1.347E+03 9.564E+00 3.590E+01 6.000E+02 1.440E+04 1.288E−03 0.000E+00 7.263E+00 1.377E−01 1.856E+03 1.334E+03 1.085E+01 3.562E+01 7.000E+02 1.680E+04 1.502E−03 3.729E+04 6.961E+00 1.437E−01 1.844E+03 1.293E+03 1.216E+01 3.540E+01 8.000E+02 1.920E+04 1.717E−03 3.526E+04 6.653E+00 1.503E−01 1.821E+03 1.245E+03 1.347E+01 3.522E+01 9.000E+02 2.160E+04 1.931E−03 3.340E+04 6.354E+00 1.574E−01 1.793E+03 1.193E+03 1.481E+01 3.506E+01 1.000E+03 2.400E+04 2.145E−03 3.166E+04 6.066E+00 1.649E−01 1.761E+03 1.139E+03 1.617E+01 3.493E+01 1.500E+03 3.600E+04 3.215E−03 2.517E+04 4.915E+00 2.035E−01 1.592E+03 8.817E+02 2.337E+01 3.448E+01 2.000E+03 4.800E+04 4.283E−03 2.160E+04 4.245E+00 2.356E−01 1.465E+03 7.955E+02 3.130E+01 3.421E+01 3.000E+03 7.200E+04 6.414E−03 1.631E+04 3.216E+00 3.110E−01 1.229E+03 6.605E+02 4.941E+01 3.387E+01 4.000E+03 9.600E+04 8.539E−03 1.358E+04 2.674E+00 3.740E−01 1.084E+03 5.799E+02 7.050E+01 3.366E+01 5.000E+03 1.200E+05 1.066E−02 1.147E+04 2.252E+00 4.441E−01 9.598E+02 5.118E+02 9.454E+01 3.352E+01 6.000E+03 1.440E+05 1.277E−02 9.772E+03 1.910E+00 5.235E−01 8.511E+02 4.530E+02 1.215E+02 3.341E+01 7.000E+03 1.680E+05 1.487E−02 8.773E+03 1.709E+00 5.851E−01 7.833E+02 4.167E+02 1.513E+02 3.333E+01 8.000E+03 1.920E+05 1.697E−02 7.923E+03 1.538E+00 6.502E−01 7.233E+02 3.846E+02 1.839E+02 3.326E+01 9.000E+03 2.160E+05 1.906E−02 7.188E+03 1.390E+00 7.194E−01 6.694E+02 3.560E+02 2.193E+02 3.320E+01 1.000E+04 2.400E+05 2.114E−02 6.545E+03 1.261E+00 7.932E−01 6.207E+02 3.302E+02 2.575E+02 3.315E+01 1.500E+04 3.600E+05 3.146E−02 4.461E+03 8.433E−01 1.186E+00 4.515E+02 2.413E+02 4.900E+02 3.298E+01 2.000E+04 4.800E+05 4.162E−02 3.515E+03 6.551E−01 1.526E+00 3.680E+02 1.977E+02 7.911E+02 3.287E+01 3.000E+04 7.200E+05 6.147E−02 2.342E+03 4.237E−01 2.360E+00 2.570E+02 1.401E+02 1.596E+03 3.274E+01 4.000E+04 9.600E+05 8.070E−02 1.838E+03 3.251E−01 3.076E+00 2.060E+02 1.138E+02 2.666E+03 3.267E+01 5.000E+04 1.200E+06 9.935E−02 1.489E+03 2.655E−01 3.767E+00 1.747E+02 9.487E+01 3.960E+03 3.261E+01

3.257E+01 7.000E+04 1.680E+06 1.350E−01 1.091E+03 1.932E−01 5.176E+00 1.342E+02 7.245E+01 7.196E+03 3.254E+01 8.000E+04 1.920E+06 1.520E−01 9.761E+02 1.726E−01 5.793E+00 1.223E+02 6.578E+01 9.114E+03 3.251E+01 9.000E+04 2.160E+06 1.685E−01 8.809E+02 1.556E−01 6.425E+00 1.123E+02 6.016E+01 1.122E+04 3.249E+01 1.000E+05 2.400E+06 1.846E−01 8.004E+02 1.413E−01 7.076E+00 1.037E+02 5.534E+01 1.350E+04 3.247E+01 1.500E+05 3.600E+06 2.583E−01 5.583E+02 9.848E−02 1.015E+01 7.705E+01 4.042E+01 2.727E+04 3.240E+01 2.000E+05 4.800E+06 3.224E−01 4.568E+02 8.056E−02 1.241E+01 6.544E+01 3.394E+01 4.445E+04 3.236E+01 3.000E+05 7.200E+06 4.280E−01 3.368E+02 5.930E−02 1.686E+01 5.124E+01 2.609E+01 8.682E+04 3.232E+01 4.000E+05 9.600E+06 5.108E−01 2.869E+02 5.035E−02 1.986E+01 4.513E+01 2.277E+01 1.374E+05 3.229E+01 5.000E+05 1.200E+07 5.768E−01 2.531E+02 4.421E−02 2.262E+01 4.091E+01 2.052E+01 1.941E+05 3.226E+01 6.000E+05 1.440E+07 6.302E−01 2.287E+02 3.970E−02 2.519E+01 3.782E+01 1.892E+01 2.556E+05 3.225E+01 7.000E+05 1.680E+07 6.742E−01 2.155E+02 3.723E−02 2.686E+01 3.614E+01 1.807E+01 3.208E+05 3.224E+01 8.000E+05 1.920E+07 7.108E−01 2.049E+02 3.521E−02 2.840E+01 3.479E+01 1.740E+01 3.891E+05 3.223E+01 9.000E+05 2.160E+07 7.415E−01 1.963E+02 3.354E−02 2.982E+01 3.369E+01 1.687E+01 4.598E+05 3.222E+01 1.000E+06 2.400E+07 7.676E−01 1.892E+02 3.212E−02 3.113E+01 3.278E+01 1.645E+01 5.326E+05 3.221E+01

(b) Equilibrium Values

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

1.000E−01 2.400E+00 6.966E−02 1.435E+01 1.817E+02 1.993E+02 9.700E−02 1.817E+02 1.993E+02 9.700E−02 1.493E−02 1.500E−01 3.600E+00 1.014E−01 9.867E+00 2.028E+02 2.209E+02 8.904E−02 2.028E+02 2.209E+02 8.904E−02 1.948E−02 2.000E−01 4.800E+00 1.323E−01 7.557E+00 2.179E+02 2.358E+02 8.182E−02 2.179E+02 2.358E+02 8.182E−02 2.377E−02 3.000E−01 7.200E+00 1.926E−01 5.192E+00 2.388E+02 2.555E+02 7.020E−02 2.388E+02 2.555E+02 7.020E−02 3.191E−02 4.000E−01 9.600E+00 2.510E−01 3.983E+00 2.527E+02 2.683E+02 6.142E−02 2.527E+02 2.683E+02 6.142E−02 3.975E−02 5.000E−01 1.200E+01 3.079E−01 3.248E+00 2.629E+02 2.772E+02 5.458E−02 2.629E+02 2.772E+02 5.458E−02 4.742E−02 6.000E−01 1.440E+01 3.633E−01 2.752E+00 2.706E+02 2.839E+02 4.909E−02 2.706E+02 2.839E+02 4.909E−02 5.498E−02 7.000E−01 1.680E+01 4.175E−01 2.395E+00 2.767E+02 2.891E+02 4.458E−02 2.767E+02 2.891E+02 4.458E−02 6.248E−02 8.000E−01 1.920E+01 4.705E−01 2.126E+00 2.817E+02 2.932E+02 4.083E−02 2.817E+02 2.932E+02 4.083E−02 6.994E−02 9.000E−01 2.160E+01 5.224E−01 1.914E+00 2.858E+02 2.965E+02 3.764E−02 2.858E+02 2.965E+02 3.764E−02 7.736E−02 1.000E+00 2.400E+01 5.732E−01 1.745E+00 2.892E+02 2.993E+02 3.492E−02 2.892E+02 2.993E+02 3.492E−02 8.476E−02 1.500E+00 3.600E+01 8.137E−01 1.229E+00 3.007E+02 3.084E+02 2.567E−02 3.007E+02 3.084E+02 2.567E−02 1.215E−01 2.000E+00 4.800E+01 1.035E+00 9.666E−01 3.075E+02 3.138E+02 2.043E−02 3.075E+02 3.138E+02 2.043E−02 1.579E−01 3.000E+00 7.200E+01 1.430E+00 6.995E−01 3.164E+02 3.211E+02 1.498E−02 3.164E+02 3.211E+02 1.498E−02 2.293E−01 4.000E+00 9.600E+01 1.776E+00 5.631E−01 3.233E+02 3.274E+02 1.252E−02 3.233E+02 3.274E+02 1.252E−02 2.987E−01 5.000E+00 1.200E+02 2.084E+00 4.799E−01 3.297E+02 3.335E+02 1.151E−02 3.297E+02 3.335E+02 1.151E−02 3.657E−01 6.000E+00 1.440E+02 2.361E+00 4.236E−01 3.359E+02 3.398E+02 1.135E−02 3.359E+02 3.398E+02 1.135E−02 4.304E−01 7.000E+00 1.680E+02 2.612E+00 3.828E−01 3.421E+02 3.461E+02 1.178E−02 3.421E+02 3.461E+02 1.178E−02 4.928E−01 8.000E+00 1.920E+02 2.842E+00 3.519E−01 3.482E+02 3.526E+02 1.263E−02 3.482E+02 3.526E+02 1.263E−02 5.531E−01 9.000E+00 2.160E+02 3.053E+00 3.276E−01 3.542E+02 3.591E+02 1.378E−02 3.542E+02 3.591E+02 1.378E−02 6.114E−01 1.000E+01 2.400E+02 3.248E+00 3.079E−01 3.602E+02 3.657E+02 1.517E−02 3.602E+02 3.657E+02 1.517E−02 6.679E−01 1.500E+01 3.600E+02 4.037E+00 2.477E−01 3.890E+02 3.983E+02 2.399E−02 3.890E+02 3.983E+02 2.399E−02 9.271E−01 2.000E+01 4.800E+02 4.614E+00 2.167E−01 4.157E+02 4.298E+02 3.382E−02 4.157E+02 4.298E+02 3.382E−02 1.156E+00 3.000E+01 7.200E+02 5.395E+00 1.853E−01 4.638E+02 4.881E+02 5.242E−02 4.638E+02 4.881E+02 5.242E−02 1.554E+00 4.000E+01 9.600E+02 5.889E+00 1.698E−01 5.063E+02 5.408E+02 6.816E−02 5.063E+02 5.408E+02 6.816E−02 1.897E+00 5.000E+01 1.200E+03 6.218E+00 1.608E−01 5.445E+02 5.888E+02 8.128E−02 5.440E+02 5.877E+02 8.046E−02 2.205E+00 6.000E+01 1.440E+03 6.443E+00 1.552E−01 5.795E+02 6.329E+02 9.221E−02 5.747E+02 6.243E+02 8.634E−02 2.486E+00 7.000E+01 1.680E+03 6.599E+00 1.515E−01 6.117E+02 6.738E+02 1.014E−01 6.006E+02 6.541E+02 8.923E−02 2.747E+00 8.000E+01 1.920E+03 6.707E+00 1.491E−01 6.418E+02 7.119E+02 1.092E−01 6.233E+02 6.799E+02 9.089E−02 2.992E+00 9.000E+01 2.160E+03 6.780E+00 1.475E−01 6.700E+02 7.476E+02 1.158E−01 6.437E+02 7.029E+02 9.202E−02 3.224E+00 1.000E+02 2.400E+03 6.828E+00 1.465E−01 6.966E+02 7.812E+02 1.214E−01 6.623E+02 7.239E+02 9.290E−02 3.446E+00 1.500E+02 3.600E+03 6.931E+00 1.443E−01 8.108E+02 9.243E+02 1.400E−01 7.389E+02 8.099E+02 9.604E−02 4.431E+00 2.000E+02 4.800E+03 7.031E+00 1.422E−01 9.050E+02 1.040E+03 1.491E−01 8.000E+02 8.786E+02 9.814E−02 5.304E+00 3.000E+02 7.200E+03 7.189E+00 1.391E−01 1.052E+03 1.214E+03 1.539E−01 8.937E+02 9.823E+02 9.916E−02 6.841E+00 4.000E+02 9.600E+03 7.285E+00 1.373E−01 1.165E+03 1.341E+03 1.504E−01 9.633E+02 1.056E+03 9.652E−02 8.237E+00

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

4.000E+02 9.600E+03 7.285E+00 1.373E−01 1.165E+03 1.341E+03 1.504E−01 9.633E+02 1.056E+03 9.652E−02 8.237E+00 5.000E+02 1.200E+04 7.332E+00 1.364E−01 1.255E+03 1.434E+03 1.432E−01 1.016E+03 1.109E+03 9.137E−02 9.564E+00 6.000E+02 1.440E+04 7.338E+00 1.363E−01 1.325E+03 1.503E+03 1.342E−01 1.055E+03 1.144E+03 8.474E−02 1.085E+01 7.000E+02 1.680E+04 7.309E+00 1.368E−01 1.382E+03 1.553E+03 1.240E−01 1.082E+03 1.165E+03 7.718E−02 1.216E+01 8.000E+02 1.920E+04 7.251E+00 1.379E−01 1.425E+03 1.587E+03 1.138E−01 1.099E+03 1.175E+03 6.971E−02 1.347E+01 9.000E+02 2.160E+04 7.174E+00 1.394E−01 1.459E+03 1.611E+03 1.041E−01 1.108E+03 1.178E+03 6.305E−02 1.481E+01 1.000E+03 2.400E+04 7.084E+00 1.412E−01 1.484E+03 1.626E+03 9.538E−02 1.111E+03 1.175E+03 5.753E−02 1.617E+01 1.500E+03 3.600E+04 6.561E+00 1.524E−01 1.541E+03 1.640E+03 6.450E−02 1.075E+03 1.125E+03 4.637E−02 2.337E+01 2.000E+03 4.800E+04 6.038E+00 1.656E−01 1.534E+03 1.609E+03 4.880E−02 1.011E+03 1.063E+03 5.085E−02 3.130E+01 3.000E+03 7.200E+04 5.152E+00 1.941E−01 1.458E+03 1.516E+03 3.958E−02 9.028E+02 9.623E+02 6.586E−02 4.941E+01 4.000E+03 9.600E+04 4.470E+00 2.237E−01 1.362E+03 1.422E+03 4.360E−02 8.152E+02 8.836E+02 8.395E−02 7.050E+01 5.000E+03 1.200E+05 3.939E+00 2.539E−01 1.270E+03 1.337E+03 5.305E−02 7.435E+02 8.198E+02 1.026E−01 9.454E+01 6.000E+03 1.440E+05 3.517E+00 2.843E−01 1.186E+03 1.263E+03 6.491E−02 6.840E+02 7.668E+02 1.210E−01 1.215E+02 7.000E+03 1.680E+05 3.175E+00 3.150E−01 1.111E+03 1.198E+03 7.790E−02 6.338E+02 7.218E+02 1.388E−01 1.513E+02 8.000E+03 1.920E+05 2.891E+00 3.459E−01 1.045E+03 1.140E+03 9.129E−02 5.909E+02 6.830E+02 1.559E−01 1.839E+02 9.000E+03 2.160E+05 2.652E+00 3.770E−01 9.858E+02 1.089E+03 1.048E−01 5.537E+02 6.491E+02 1.722E−01 2.193E+02 1.000E+04 2.400E+05 2.449E+00 4.083E−01 9.328E+02 1.043E+03 1.181E−01 5.212E+02 6.191E+02 1.879E−01 2.575E+02 1.500E+04 3.600E+05 1.761E+00 5.677E−01 7.354E+02 8.687E+02 1.813E−01 4.046E+02 5.087E+02 2.573E−01 4.900E+02 2.000E+04 4.800E+05 1.367E+00 7.318E−01 6.073E+02 7.516E+02 2.376E−01 3.320E+02 4.366E+02 3.151E−01 7.911E+02 3.000E+04 7.200E+05 9.338E−01 1.071E+00 4.516E+02 6.014E+02 3.317E−01 2.461E+02 3.459E+02 4.059E−01 1.596E+03 4.000E+04 9.600E+05 7.039E−01 1.421E+00 3.606E+02 5.075E+02 4.075E−01 1.968E+02 2.901E+02 4.737E−01 2.666E+03 5.000E+04 1.200E+06 5.669E−01 1.764E+00 3.032E+02 4.432E+02 4.619E−01 1.655E+02 2.524E+02 5.254E−01 3.960E+03 6.000E+04 1.440E+06 4.755E−01 2.103E+00 2.632E+02 3.958E+02 5.038E−01 1.435E+02 2.248E+02 5.668E−01 5.474E+03 7.000E+04 1.680E+06 4.101E−01 2.438E+00 2.336E+02 3.592E+02 5.376E−01 1.272E+02 2.037E+02 6.011E−01 7.196E+03 8.000E+04 1.920E+06 3.612E−01 2.768E+00 2.108E+02 3.299E+02 5.652E−01 1.146E+02 1.868E+02 6.296E−01 9.114E+03 9.000E+04 2.160E+06 3.233E−01 3.093E+00 1.927E+02 3.060E+02 5.879E−01 1.046E+02 1.730E+02 6.537E−01 1.122E+04 1.000E+05 2.400E+06 2.930E−01 3.413E+00 1.779E+02 2.859E+02 6.067E−01 9.645E+01 1.615E+02 6.744E−01 1.350E+04 1.500E+05 3.600E+06 2.029E−01 4.928E+00 1.321E+02 2.198E+02 6.640E−01 7.102E+01 1.238E+02 7.426E−01 2.727E+04 2.000E+05 4.800E+06 1.583E−01 6.319E+00 1.081E+02 1.824E+02 6.878E−01 5.765E+01 1.025E+02 7.773E−01 4.445E+04 3.000E+05 7.200E+06 1.139E−01 8.778E+00 8.299E+01 1.406E+02 6.936E−01 4.371E+01 7.867E+01 7.999E−01 8.682E+04 4.000E+05 9.600E+06 9.179E−02 1.089E+01 6.993E+01 1.173E+02 6.777E−01 3.647E+01 6.543E+01 7.939E−01 1.374E+05 5.000E+05 1.200E+07 7.849E−02 1.274E+01 6.186E+01 1.023E+02 6.541E−01 3.203E+01 5.687E+01 7.752E−01 1.941E+05 6.000E+05 1.440E+07 6.960E−02 1.437E+01 5.638E+01 9.179E+01 6.280E−01 2.903E+01 5.082E+01 7.504E−01 2.556E+05 7.000E+05 1.680E+07 6.322E−02 1.582E+01 5.240E+01 8.393E+01 6.017E−01 2.687E+01 4.630E+01 7.231E−01 3.208E+05 8.000E+05 1.920E+07 5.840E−02 1.712E+01 4.938E+01 7.784E+01 5.764E−01 2.524E+01 4.279E+01 6.953E−01 3.891E+05 9.000E+05 2.160E+07 5.463E−02 1.830E+01 4.700E+01 7.296E+01 5.524E−01 2.397E+01 3.998E+01 6.677E−01 4.598E+05 1.000E+06 2.400E+07 5.160E−02 1.938E+01 4.508E+01 6.897E+01 5.297E−01 2.296E+01 3.767E+01 6.410E−01 5.326E+05

ALUMINIUM−27 IONS: A=27 Z=13 (a) Instantaneous Data

∆M=−17.19437 MeV Mc2=2.5133E+04 MeV

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

1.000E−01 2.700E+00 2.149E−07 0.000E+00 1.512E−01 6.614E+00 2.720E+02 2.720E+02 1.540E−02 1.768E+02 1.500E−01 4.050E+00 3.223E−07 0.000E+00 2.234E−01 4.476E+00 2.972E+02 2.972E+02 2.009E−02 1.542E+02 2.000E−01 5.400E+00 4.297E−07 0.000E+00 2.814E−01 3.554E+00 3.107E+02 3.107E+02 2.449E−02 1.404E+02 3.000E−01 8.100E+00 6.446E−07 0.000E+00 4.117E−01 2.429E+00 3.299E+02 3.299E+02 3.285E−02 1.235E+02 4.000E−01 1.080E+01 8.594E−07 0.000E+00 5.150E−01 1.942E+00 3.390E+02 3.390E+02 4.089E−02 1.131E+02 5.000E−01 1.350E+01 1.074E−06 0.000E+00 6.251E−01 1.600E+00 3.454E+02 3.454E+02 4.874E−02 1.059E+02 6.000E−01 1.620E+01 1.289E−06 0.000E+00 7.440E−01 1.344E+00 3.499E+02 3.499E+02 5.648E−02 1.005E+02 7.000E−01 1.890E+01 1.504E−06 0.000E+00 8.325E−01 1.201E+00 3.523E+02 3.523E+02 6.416E−02 9.621E+01 8.000E−01 2.160E+01 1.719E−06 0.000E+00 9.228E−01 1.084E+00 3.542E+02 3.542E+02 7.178E−02 9.273E+01

8.982E+01 1.000E+00 2.700E+01 2.149E−06 0.000E+00 1.111E+00 9.002E−01 3.567E+02 3.567E+02 8.695E−02 8.733E+01 1.500E+00 4.050E+01 3.223E−06 0.000E+00 1.569E+00 6.375E−01 3.603E+02 3.603E+02 1.246E−01 7.873E+01 2.000E+00 5.400E+01 4.297E−06 0.000E+00 1.915E+00 5.222E−01 3.628E+02 3.628E+02 1.619E−01 7.345E+01 3.000E+00 8.100E+01 6.446E−06 0.000E+00 2.638E+00 3.791E−01 3.712E+02 3.712E+02 2.353E−01 6.702E+01 4.000E+00 1.080E+02 8.594E−06 0.000E+00 3.163E+00 3.162E−01 3.804E+02 3.804E+02 3.069E−01 6.307E+01 5.000E+00 1.350E+02 1.074E−05 0.000E+00 3.680E+00 2.717E−01 3.921E+02 3.921E+02 3.764E−01 6.033E+01 6.000E+00 1.620E+02 1.289E−05 0.000E+00 4.196E+00 2.383E−01 4.064E+02 4.064E+02 4.436E−01 5.826E+01 7.000E+00 1.890E+02 1.504E−05 0.000E+00 4.553E+00 2.197E−01 4.179E+02 4.179E+02 5.087E−01 5.664E+01 8.000E+00 2.160E+02 1.719E−05 0.000E+00 4.894E+00 2.043E−01 4.301E+02 4.301E+02 5.717E−01 5.531E+01 9.000E+00 2.430E+02 1.934E−05 0.000E+00 5.222E+00 1.915E−01 4.430E+02 4.430E+02 6.327E−01 5.420E+01 1.000E+01 2.700E+02 2.149E−05 0.000E+00 5.537E+00 1.806E−01 4.567E+02 4.567E+02 6.919E−01 5.326E+01 1.500E+01 4.050E+02 3.223E−05 0.000E+00 6.768E+00 1.478E−01 5.250E+02 5.250E+02 9.644E−01 4.998E+01 2.000E+01 5.400E+02 4.297E−05 0.000E+00 7.438E+00 1.344E−01 5.782E+02 5.782E+02 1.206E+00 4.797E+01 3.000E+01 8.100E+02 6.445E−05 0.000E+00 8.292E+00 1.206E−01 6.900E+02 6.900E+02 1.627E+00 4.552E+01 4.000E+01 1.080E+03 8.594E−05 0.000E+00 8.571E+00 1.167E−01 7.713E+02 7.713E+02 1.991E+00 4.402E+01 5.000E+01 1.350E+03 1.074E−04 0.000E+00 8.646E+00 1.157E−01 8.524E+02 8.413E+02 2.317E+00 4.298E+01 6.000E+01 1.620E+03 1.289E−04 0.000E+00 8.574E+00 1.166E−01 9.341E+02 8.776E+02 2.615E+00 4.219E+01 7.000E+01 1.890E+03 1.504E−04 0.000E+00 8.457E+00 1.182E−01 9.915E+02 9.053E+02 2.892E+00 4.157E+01 8.000E+01 2.160E+03 1.719E−04 0.000E+00 8.304E+00 1.204E−01 1.047E+03 9.337E+02 3.152E+00 4.107E+01 9.000E+01 2.430E+03 1.933E−04 0.000E+00 8.124E+00 1.231E−01 1.102E+03 9.626E+02 3.398E+00 4.065E+01 1.000E+02 2.700E+03 2.148E−04 0.000E+00 7.924E+00 1.262E−01 1.156E+03 9.921E+02 3.632E+00 4.029E+01 1.500E+02 4.050E+03 3.222E−04 0.000E+00 7.847E+00 1.274E−01 1.383E+03 1.124E+03 4.681E+00 3.904E+01 2.000E+02 5.400E+03 4.296E−04 0.000E+00 8.083E+00 1.237E−01 1.528E+03 1.212E+03 5.598E+00 3.827E+01 3.000E+02 8.100E+03 6.443E−04 0.000E+00 8.310E+00 1.203E−01 1.766E+03 1.355E+03 7.215E+00 3.734E+01 4.000E+02 1.080E+04 8.589E−04 0.000E+00 8.296E+00 1.205E−01 1.891E+03 1.423E+03 8.677E+00 3.677E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

4.000E+02 1.080E+04 8.589E−04 0.000E+00 8.296E+00 1.205E−01 1.891E+03 1.423E+03 8.677E+00 3.677E+01 5.000E+02 1.350E+04 1.073E−03 0.000E+00 8.156E+00 1.226E−01 1.976E+03 1.458E+03 1.006E+01 3.637E+01 6.000E+02 1.620E+04 1.288E−03 0.000E+00 7.892E+00 1.267E−01 2.020E+03 1.456E+03 1.141E+01 3.607E+01 7.000E+02 1.890E+04 1.502E−03 4.090E+04 7.622E+00 1.312E−01 2.022E+03 1.428E+03 1.274E+01 3.584E+01 8.000E+02 2.160E+04 1.717E−03 3.878E+04 7.305E+00 1.369E−01 2.002E+03 1.381E+03 1.409E+01 3.564E+01 9.000E+02 2.430E+04 1.931E−03 3.682E+04 6.995E+00 1.430E−01 1.976E+03 1.330E+03 1.545E+01 3.548E+01 1.000E+03 2.700E+04 2.145E−03 3.499E+04 6.694E+00 1.494E−01 1.946E+03 1.275E+03 1.683E+01 3.535E+01 1.500E+03 4.050E+04 3.215E−03 2.808E+04 5.477E+00 1.826E−01 1.776E+03 1.010E+03 2.413E+01 3.487E+01 2.000E+03 5.400E+04 4.283E−03 2.424E+04 4.759E+00 2.101E−01 1.644E+03 8.925E+02 3.210E+01 3.458E+01 3.000E+03 8.100E+04 6.415E−03 1.847E+04 3.639E+00 2.748E−01 1.392E+03 7.480E+02 5.016E+01 3.423E+01 4.000E+03 1.080E+05 8.539E−03 1.546E+04 3.042E+00 3.287E−01 1.234E+03 6.601E+02 7.106E+01 3.401E+01 5.000E+03 1.350E+05 1.066E−02 1.312E+04 2.572E+00 3.887E−01 1.097E+03 5.851E+02 9.476E+01 3.386E+01 6.000E+03 1.620E+05 1.277E−02 1.122E+04 2.191E+00 4.565E−01 9.766E+02 5.198E+02 1.212E+02 3.374E+01 7.000E+03 1.890E+05 1.487E−02 1.009E+04 1.965E+00 5.090E−01 9.010E+02 4.793E+02 1.504E+02 3.365E+01 8.000E+03 2.160E+05 1.697E−02 9.134E+03 1.772E+00 5.644E−01 8.337E+02 4.433E+02 1.823E+02 3.358E+01 9.000E+03 2.430E+05 1.906E−02 8.303E+03 1.605E+00 6.231E−01 7.732E+02 4.112E+02 2.168E+02 3.352E+01 1.000E+04 2.700E+05 2.114E−02 7.574E+03 1.458E+00 6.858E−01 7.182E+02 3.821E+02 2.540E+02 3.347E+01 1.500E+04 4.050E+05 3.147E−02 5.197E+03 9.821E−01 1.018E+00 5.260E+02 2.810E+02 4.793E+02 3.329E+01 2.000E+04 5.400E+05 4.162E−02 4.108E+03 7.654E−01 1.307E+00 4.301E+02 2.310E+02 7.697E+02 3.317E+01 3.000E+04 8.100E+05 6.147E−02 2.747E+03 4.967E−01 2.013E+00 3.013E+02 1.642E+02 1.544E+03 3.304E+01 4.000E+04 1.080E+06 8.070E−02 2.157E+03 3.813E−01 2.622E+00 2.418E+02 1.335E+02 2.570E+03 3.296E+01 5.000E+04 1.350E+06 9.935E−02 1.748E+03 3.116E−01 3.209E+00 2.051E+02 1.114E+02 3.811E+03 3.290E+01

3.286E+01 7.000E+04 1.890E+06 1.350E−01 1.281E+03 2.268E−01 4.408E+00 1.577E+02 8.509E+01 6.915E+03 3.282E+01 8.000E+04 2.160E+06 1.520E−01 1.147E+03 2.027E−01 4.933E+00 1.436E+02 7.726E+01 8.754E+03 3.279E+01 9.000E+04 2.430E+06 1.685E−01 1.035E+03 1.828E−01 5.472E+00 1.318E+02 7.066E+01 1.077E+04 3.277E+01 1.000E+05 2.700E+06 1.846E−01 9.402E+02 1.660E−01 6.026E+00 1.218E+02 6.500E+01 1.296E+04 3.275E+01 1.500E+05 4.050E+06 2.583E−01 6.558E+02 1.156E−01 8.647E+00 9.049E+01 4.747E+01 2.616E+04 3.268E+01 2.000E+05 5.400E+06 3.224E−01 5.365E+02 9.459E−02 1.057E+01 7.686E+01 3.986E+01 4.263E+04 3.264E+01 3.000E+05 8.100E+06 4.281E−01 3.955E+02 6.962E−02 1.436E+01 6.018E+01 3.064E+01 8.325E+04 3.259E+01 4.000E+05 1.080E+07 5.108E−01 3.369E+02 5.912E−02 1.692E+01 5.300E+01 2.674E+01 1.317E+05 3.256E+01 5.000E+05 1.350E+07 5.768E−01 2.972E+02 5.190E−02 1.927E+01 4.803E+01 2.410E+01 1.861E+05 3.253E+01 6.000E+05 1.620E+07 6.303E−01 2.685E+02 4.661E−02 2.145E+01 4.441E+01 2.221E+01 2.450E+05 3.252E+01 7.000E+05 1.890E+07 6.742E−01 2.530E+02 4.370E−02 2.288E+01 4.243E+01 2.121E+01 3.075E+05 3.250E+01 8.000E+05 2.160E+07 7.108E−01 2.406E+02 4.133E−02 2.419E+01 4.085E+01 2.043E+01 3.730E+05 3.249E+01 9.000E+05 2.430E+07 7.415E−01 2.305E+02 3.937E−02 2.540E+01 3.955E+01 1.981E+01 4.408E+05 3.248E+01 1.000E+06 2.700E+07 7.676E−01 2.221E+02 3.770E−02 2.652E+01 3.848E+01 1.931E+01 5.105E+05 3.248E+01

(b) Equilibrium Values

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

1.000E−01 2.700E+00 6.944E−02 1.440E+01 1.963E+02 2.165E+02 1.031E−01 1.963E+02 2.165E+02 1.031E−01 1.540E−02 1.500E−01 4.050E+00 1.013E−01 9.876E+00 2.198E+02 2.405E+02 9.442E−02 2.198E+02 2.405E+02 9.442E−02 2.009E−02 2.000E−01 5.400E+00 1.324E−01 7.552E+00 2.366E+02 2.571E+02 8.669E−02 2.366E+02 2.571E+02 8.669E−02 2.449E−02 3.000E−01 8.100E+00 1.932E−01 5.177E+00 2.598E+02 2.791E+02 7.436E−02 2.598E+02 2.791E+02 7.436E−02 3.285E−02 4.000E−01 1.080E+01 2.521E−01 3.966E+00 2.755E+02 2.934E+02 6.509E−02 2.755E+02 2.934E+02 6.509E−02 4.089E−02 5.000E−01 1.350E+01 3.096E−01 3.230E+00 2.869E+02 3.035E+02 5.787E−02 2.869E+02 3.035E+02 5.787E−02 4.874E−02 6.000E−01 1.620E+01 3.658E−01 2.734E+00 2.957E+02 3.111E+02 5.208E−02 2.957E+02 3.111E+02 5.208E−02 5.648E−02 7.000E−01 1.890E+01 4.207E−01 2.377E+00 3.026E+02 3.169E+02 4.733E−02 3.026E+02 3.169E+02 4.733E−02 6.416E−02 8.000E−01 2.160E+01 4.745E−01 2.108E+00 3.082E+02 3.216E+02 4.335E−02 3.082E+02 3.216E+02 4.335E−02 7.178E−02 9.000E−01 2.430E+01 5.272E−01 1.897E+00 3.128E+02 3.253E+02 3.998E−02 3.128E+02 3.253E+02 3.998E−02 7.938E−02 1.000E+00 2.700E+01 5.789E−01 1.727E+00 3.167E+02 3.285E+02 3.709E−02 3.167E+02 3.285E+02 3.709E−02 8.695E−02 1.500E+00 4.050E+01 8.243E−01 1.213E+00 3.297E+02 3.386E+02 2.724E−02 3.297E+02 3.386E+02 2.724E−02 1.246E−01 2.000E+00 5.400E+01 1.050E+00 9.521E−01 3.372E+02 3.445E+02 2.161E−02 3.372E+02 3.445E+02 2.161E−02 1.619E−01 3.000E+00 8.100E+01 1.457E+00 6.865E−01 3.467E+02 3.521E+02 1.565E−02 3.467E+02 3.521E+02 1.565E−02 2.353E−01 4.000E+00 1.080E+02 1.814E+00 5.512E−01 3.538E+02 3.583E+02 1.284E−02 3.538E+02 3.583E+02 1.284E−02 3.069E−01 5.000E+00 1.350E+02 2.133E+00 4.688E−01 3.603E+02 3.644E+02 1.152E−02 3.603E+02 3.644E+02 1.152E−02 3.764E−01 6.000E+00 1.620E+02 2.421E+00 4.130E−01 3.665E+02 3.706E+02 1.107E−02 3.665E+02 3.706E+02 1.107E−02 4.436E−01 7.000E+00 1.890E+02 2.683E+00 3.727E−01 3.727E+02 3.769E+02 1.122E−02 3.727E+02 3.769E+02 1.122E−02 5.087E−01 8.000E+00 2.160E+02 2.923E+00 3.422E−01 3.789E+02 3.834E+02 1.179E−02 3.789E+02 3.834E+02 1.179E−02 5.717E−01 9.000E+00 2.430E+02 3.143E+00 3.182E−01 3.850E+02 3.899E+02 1.268E−02 3.850E+02 3.899E+02 1.268E−02 6.327E−01 1.000E+01 2.700E+02 3.347E+00 2.988E−01 3.911E+02 3.965E+02 1.382E−02 3.911E+02 3.965E+02 1.382E−02 6.919E−01 1.500E+01 4.050E+02 4.176E+00 2.395E−01 4.206E+02 4.296E+02 2.154E−02 4.206E+02 4.296E+02 2.154E−02 9.644E−01 2.000E+01 5.400E+02 4.783E+00 2.091E−01 4.482E+02 4.619E+02 3.058E−02 4.482E+02 4.619E+02 3.058E−02 1.206E+00 3.000E+01 8.100E+02 5.611E+00 1.782E−01 4.983E+02 5.224E+02 4.821E−02 4.983E+02 5.224E+02 4.821E−02 1.627E+00 4.000E+01 1.080E+03 6.137E+00 1.629E−01 5.428E+02 5.773E+02 6.349E−02 5.428E+02 5.773E+02 6.349E−02 1.991E+00 5.000E+01 1.350E+03 6.489E+00 1.541E−01 5.829E+02 6.275E+02 7.641E−02 5.823E+02 6.263E+02 7.560E−02 2.317E+00 6.000E+01 1.620E+03 6.731E+00 1.486E−01 6.197E+02 6.738E+02 8.731E−02 6.145E+02 6.646E+02 8.145E−02 2.615E+00 7.000E+01 1.890E+03 6.900E+00 1.449E−01 6.537E+02 7.169E+02 9.654E−02 6.416E+02 6.957E+02 8.438E−02 2.892E+00 8.000E+01 2.160E+03 7.018E+00 1.425E−01 6.855E+02 7.571E+02 1.044E−01 6.653E+02 7.226E+02 8.614E−02 3.152E+00 9.000E+01 2.430E+03 7.100E+00 1.409E−01 7.153E+02 7.948E+02 1.112E−01 6.867E+02 7.466E+02 8.737E−02 3.398E+00 1.000E+02 2.700E+03 7.154E+00 1.398E−01 7.434E+02 8.304E+02 1.170E−01 7.062E+02 7.686E+02 8.838E−02 3.632E+00 1.500E+02 4.050E+03 7.279E+00 1.374E−01 8.651E+02 9.833E+02 1.366E−01 7.871E+02 8.597E+02 9.220E−02 4.681E+00 2.000E+02 5.400E+03 7.397E+00 1.352E−01 9.647E+02 1.106E+03 1.466E−01 8.512E+02 9.321E+02 9.504E−02 5.598E+00 3.000E+02 8.100E+03 7.586E+00 1.318E−01 1.123E+03 1.294E+03 1.531E−01 9.512E+02 1.044E+03 9.759E−02 7.215E+00 4.000E+02 1.080E+04 7.708E+00 1.297E−01 1.245E+03 1.433E+03 1.511E−01 1.027E+03 1.126E+03 9.636E−02 8.677E+00

E/A

keV/A E

keV Iav

nm−1 mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

4.000E+02 1.080E+04 7.708E+00 1.297E−01 1.245E+03 1.433E+03 1.511E−01 1.027E+03 1.126E+03 9.636E−02 8.677E+00 5.000E+02 1.350E+04 7.777E+00 1.286E−01 1.342E+03 1.537E+03 1.451E−01 1.085E+03 1.185E+03 9.245E−02 1.006E+01 6.000E+02 1.620E+04 7.804E+00 1.281E−01 1.420E+03 1.615E+03 1.371E−01 1.129E+03 1.227E+03 8.679E−02 1.141E+01 7.000E+02 1.890E+04 7.794E+00 1.283E−01 1.484E+03 1.674E+03 1.280E−01 1.162E+03 1.255E+03 8.011E−02 1.274E+01 8.000E+02 2.160E+04 7.750E+00 1.290E−01 1.533E+03 1.715E+03 1.189E−01 1.183E+03 1.270E+03 7.349E−02 1.409E+01 9.000E+02 2.430E+04 7.690E+00 1.300E−01 1.573E+03 1.745E+03 1.091E−01 1.197E+03 1.276E+03 6.641E−02 1.545E+01 1.000E+03 2.700E+04 7.611E+00 1.314E−01 1.604E+03 1.765E+03 1.004E−01 1.204E+03 1.277E+03 6.062E−02 1.683E+01 1.500E+03 4.050E+04 7.116E+00 1.405E−01 1.679E+03 1.794E+03 6.877E−02 1.180E+03 1.234E+03 4.606E−02 2.413E+01 2.000E+03 5.400E+04 6.598E+00 1.515E−01 1.683E+03 1.770E+03 5.141E−02 1.117E+03 1.171E+03 4.815E−02 3.210E+01 3.000E+03 8.100E+04 5.690E+00 1.757E−01 1.616E+03 1.679E+03 3.952E−02 1.005E+03 1.066E+03 6.063E−02 5.016E+01 4.000E+03 1.080E+05 4.975E+00 2.010E−01 1.521E+03 1.583E+03 4.112E−02 9.133E+02 9.832E+02 7.645E−02 7.106E+01 5.000E+03 1.350E+05 4.410E+00 2.268E−01 1.425E+03 1.495E+03 4.858E−02 8.371E+02 9.151E+02 9.322E−02 9.476E+01 6.000E+03 1.620E+05 3.956E+00 2.528E−01 1.337E+03 1.416E+03 5.874E−02 7.732E+02 8.582E+02 1.099E−01 1.212E+02 7.000E+03 1.890E+05 3.584E+00 2.790E−01 1.258E+03 1.346E+03 7.034E−02 7.188E+02 8.096E+02 1.264E−01 1.504E+02 8.000E+03 2.160E+05 3.274E+00 3.054E−01 1.186E+03 1.284E+03 8.251E−02 6.719E+02 7.675E+02 1.423E−01 1.823E+02 9.000E+03 2.430E+05 3.013E+00 3.319E−01 1.122E+03 1.228E+03 9.483E−02 6.312E+02 7.306E+02 1.576E−01 2.168E+02 1.000E+04 2.700E+05 2.788E+00 3.586E−01 1.064E+03 1.178E+03 1.072E−01 5.954E+02 6.979E+02 1.722E−01 2.540E+02 1.500E+04 4.050E+05 2.023E+00 4.943E−01 8.458E+02 9.865E+02 1.664E−01 4.658E+02 5.766E+02 2.377E−01 4.793E+02 2.000E+04 5.400E+05 1.578E+00 6.337E−01 7.022E+02 8.566E+02 2.199E−01 3.842E+02 4.966E+02 2.928E−01 7.697E+02 3.000E+04 8.100E+05 1.085E+00 9.216E−01 5.253E+02 6.885E+02 3.106E−01 2.864E+02 3.953E+02 3.804E−01 1.544E+03 4.000E+04 1.080E+06 8.205E−01 1.219E+00 4.207E+02 5.825E+02 3.846E−01 2.298E+02 3.324E+02 4.469E−01 2.570E+03 5.000E+04 1.350E+06 6.620E−01 1.510E+00 3.544E+02 5.096E+02 4.382E−01 1.935E+02 2.898E+02 4.981E−01 3.811E+03 6.000E+04 1.620E+06 5.559E−01 1.799E+00 3.079E+02 4.557E+02 4.799E−01 1.679E+02 2.585E+02 5.395E−01 5.264E+03 7.000E+04 1.890E+06 4.798E−01 2.084E+00 2.735E+02 4.140E+02 5.137E−01 1.489E+02 2.344E+02 5.737E−01 6.915E+03 8.000E+04 2.160E+06 4.228E−01 2.365E+00 2.469E+02 3.806E+02 5.415E−01 1.343E+02 2.152E+02 6.026E−01 8.754E+03 9.000E+04 2.430E+06 3.786E−01 2.642E+00 2.258E+02 3.532E+02 5.644E−01 1.226E+02 1.995E+02 6.270E−01 1.077E+04 1.000E+05 2.700E+06 3.432E−01 2.914E+00 2.086E+02 3.303E+02 5.836E−01 1.131E+02 1.863E+02 6.479E−01 1.296E+04 1.500E+05 4.050E+06 2.378E−01 4.205E+00 1.549E+02 2.545E+02 6.424E−01 8.330E+01 1.431E+02 7.177E−01 2.616E+04 2.000E+05 5.400E+06 1.856E−01 5.389E+00 1.268E+02 2.114E+02 6.676E−01 6.763E+01 1.186E+02 7.538E−01 4.263E+04 3.000E+05 8.100E+06 1.336E−01 7.485E+00 9.737E+01 1.632E+02 6.760E−01 5.129E+01 9.123E+01 7.789E−01 8.325E+04 4.000E+05 1.080E+07 1.077E−01 9.288E+00 8.205E+01 1.364E+02 6.618E−01 4.280E+01 7.595E+01 7.746E−01 1.317E+05 5.000E+05 1.350E+07 9.208E−02 1.086E+01 7.260E+01 1.190E+02 6.397E−01 3.759E+01 6.607E+01 7.574E−01 1.861E+05 6.000E+05 1.620E+07 8.165E−02 1.225E+01 6.617E+01 1.068E+02 6.147E−01 3.407E+01 5.908E+01 7.338E−01 2.450E+05 7.000E+05 1.890E+07 7.416E−02 1.348E+01 6.149E+01 9.775E+01 5.895E−01 3.154E+01 5.386E+01 7.078E−01 3.075E+05 8.000E+05 2.160E+07 6.851E−02 1.460E+01 5.794E+01 9.069E+01 5.652E−01 2.962E+01 4.980E+01 6.811E−01 3.730E+05 9.000E+05 2.430E+07 6.409E−02 1.560E+01 5.516E+01 8.504E+01 5.418E−01 2.813E+01 4.654E+01 6.544E−01 4.408E+05 1.000E+06 2.700E+07 6.054E−02 1.652E+01 5.291E+01 8.041E+01 5.197E−01 2.694E+01 4.387E+01 6.283E−01 5.105E+05

SILICON-28 IONS: A=28 Z=14 (a) Instantaneous Data

∆M=−21.41920 MeV Mc2=2.6060E+04 MeV

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

1.000E−01 2.800E+00 2.149E−07 0.000E+00 1.575E−01 6.350E+00 2.910E+02 2.910E+02 1.520E−02 1.843E+02 1.500E−01 4.200E+00 3.223E−07 0.000E+00 2.211E−01 4.522E+00 3.150E+02 3.150E+02 1.978E−02 1.606E+02 2.000E−01 5.600E+00 4.298E−07 0.000E+00 2.934E−01 3.408E+00 3.333E+02 3.333E+02 2.407E−02 1.460E+02 3.000E−01 8.400E+00 6.447E−07 0.000E+00 4.085E−01 2.448E+00 3.520E+02 3.520E+02 3.218E−02 1.283E+02 4.000E−01 1.120E+01 8.595E−07 0.000E+00 5.377E−01 1.860E+00 3.647E+02 3.647E+02 3.996E−02 1.174E+02 5.000E−01 1.400E+01 1.074E−06 0.000E+00 6.530E−01 1.532E+00 3.719E+02 3.719E+02 4.755E−02 1.098E+02 6.000E−01 1.680E+01 1.289E−06 0.000E+00 7.406E−01 1.350E+00 3.758E+02 3.758E+02 5.502E−02 1.041E+02 7.000E−01 1.960E+01 1.504E−06 0.000E+00 8.703E−01 1.149E+00 3.800E+02 3.800E+02 6.242E−02 9.965E+01 8.000E−01 2.240E+01 1.719E−06 0.000E+00 9.649E−01 1.036E+00 3.821E+02 3.821E+02 6.976E−02 9.600E+01 9.000E−01 2.520E+01 1.934E−06 0.000E+00 1.062E+00 9.415E−01 3.838E+02 3.838E+02 7.707E−02 9.294E+01

9.033E+01 1.500E+00 4.200E+01 3.223E−06 0.000E+00 1.570E+00 6.370E−01 3.890E+02 3.890E+02 1.205E−01 8.129E+01 2.000E+00 5.600E+01 4.298E−06 0.000E+00 2.007E+00 4.984E−01 3.924E+02 3.924E+02 1.563E−01 7.575E+01 3.000E+00 8.400E+01 6.447E−06 0.000E+00 2.653E+00 3.769E−01 3.997E+02 3.997E+02 2.269E−01 6.900E+01 4.000E+00 1.120E+02 8.595E−06 0.000E+00 3.317E+00 3.014E−01 4.112E+02 4.112E+02 2.959E−01 6.485E+01 5.000E+00 1.400E+02 1.074E−05 0.000E+00 3.862E+00 2.590E−01 4.236E+02 4.236E+02 3.629E−01 6.197E+01 6.000E+00 1.680E+02 1.289E−05 0.000E+00 4.248E+00 2.354E−01 4.341E+02 4.341E+02 4.279E−01 5.980E+01 7.000E+00 1.960E+02 1.504E−05 0.000E+00 4.778E+00 2.093E−01 4.509E+02 4.509E+02 4.909E−01 5.810E+01 8.000E+00 2.240E+02 1.719E−05 0.000E+00 5.135E+00 1.947E−01 4.638E+02 4.638E+02 5.521E−01 5.671E+01 9.000E+00 2.520E+02 1.934E−05 0.000E+00 5.479E+00 1.825E−01 4.776E+02 4.776E+02 6.114E−01 5.554E+01 1.000E+01 2.800E+02 2.149E−05 0.000E+00 5.809E+00 1.721E−01 4.921E+02 4.921E+02 6.690E−01 5.455E+01 1.500E+01 4.200E+02 3.223E−05 0.000E+00 6.929E+00 1.443E−01 5.537E+02 5.537E+02 9.348E−01 5.111E+01 2.000E+01 5.600E+02 4.298E−05 0.000E+00 7.791E+00 1.283E−01 6.216E+02 6.216E+02 1.171E+00 4.900E+01 3.000E+01 8.400E+02 6.446E−05 0.000E+00 8.579E+00 1.166E−01 7.234E+02 7.234E+02 1.584E+00 4.643E+01 4.000E+01 1.120E+03 8.595E−05 0.000E+00 8.949E+00 1.117E−01 8.283E+02 8.283E+02 1.941E+00 4.485E+01 5.000E+01 1.400E+03 1.074E−04 0.000E+00 9.017E+00 1.109E−01 9.152E+02 8.940E+02 2.262E+00 4.375E+01 6.000E+01 1.680E+03 1.289E−04 0.000E+00 8.969E+00 1.115E−01 9.776E+02 9.212E+02 2.555E+00 4.293E+01 7.000E+01 1.960E+03 1.504E−04 0.000E+00 8.865E+00 1.128E−01 1.038E+03 9.495E+02 2.827E+00 4.228E+01 8.000E+01 2.240E+03 1.719E−04 0.000E+00 8.639E+00 1.157E−01 1.124E+03 9.933E+02 3.082E+00 4.175E+01 9.000E+01 2.520E+03 1.934E−04 0.000E+00 8.448E+00 1.184E−01 1.183E+03 1.024E+03 3.324E+00 4.130E+01 1.000E+02 2.800E+03 2.149E−04 0.000E+00 8.236E+00 1.214E−01 1.241E+03 1.056E+03 3.555E+00 4.092E+01 1.500E+02 4.200E+03 3.222E−04 0.000E+00 8.243E+00 1.213E−01 1.452E+03 1.179E+03 4.584E+00 3.962E+01 2.000E+02 5.600E+03 4.296E−04 0.000E+00 8.568E+00 1.167E−01 1.642E+03 1.294E+03 5.482E+00 3.881E+01 3.000E+02 8.400E+03 6.443E−04 0.000E+00 8.809E+00 1.135E−01 1.868E+03 1.431E+03 7.061E+00 3.783E+01 4.000E+02 1.120E+04 8.590E−04 0.000E+00 8.828E+00 1.133E−01 2.039E+03 1.527E+03 8.484E+00 3.723E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

4.000E+02 1.120E+04 8.590E−04 0.000E+00 8.828E+00 1.133E−01 2.039E+03 1.527E+03 8.484E+00 3.723E+01 5.000E+02 1.400E+04 1.074E−03 0.000E+00 8.742E+00 1.144E−01 2.112E+03 1.560E+03 9.823E+00 3 681E+01 6.000E+02 1.680E+04 1.288E−03 0.000E+00 8.520E+00 1.174E−01 2.175E+03 1.574E+03 1.112E+01 3.650E+01 7.000E+02 1.960E+04 1.503E−03 0.000E+00 8.292E+00 1.206E−01 2.193E+03 1.561E+03 1.239E+01 3.625E+01 8.000E+02 2.240E+04 1.717E−03 4.153E+04 7.835E+00 1.276E−01 2.173E+03 1.498E+03 1.368E+01 3.605E+01 9.000E+02 2.520E+04 1.931E−03 3.949E+04 7.513E+00 1.331E−01 2.148E+03 1.445E+03 1.498E+01 3.588E+01 1.000E+03 2.800E+04 2.145E−03 3.858E+04 7.364E+00 1.358E−01 2.134E+03 1.418E+03 1.629E+01 3.574E+01 1.500E+03 4.200E+04 3.216E−03 3.128E+04 6.091E+00 1.642E−01 1.969E+03 1.151E+03 2.317E+01 3.524E+01 2.000E+03 5.600E+04 4.284E−03 2.717E+04 5.327E+00 1.877E−01 1.834E+03 9.962E+02 3.063E+01 3.493E+01 3.000E+03 8.400E+04 6.416E−03 2.091E+04 4.116E+00 2.430E−01 1.570E+03 8.435E+02 4.743E+01 3.456E+01 4.000E+03 1.120E+05 8.540E−03 1.760E+04 3.461E+00 2.889E−01 1.400E+03 7.488E+02 6.674E+01 3.433E+01 5.000E+03 1.400E+05 1.066E−02 1.500E+04 2.942E+00 3.400E−01 1.251E+03 6.670E+02 8.853E+01 3.417E+01 6.000E+03 1.680E+05 1.277E−02 1.288E+04 2.516E+00 3.975E−01 1.118E+03 5.951E+02 1.128E+02 3.405E+01 7.000E+03 1.960E+05 1.487E−02 1.162E+04 2.262E+00 4.421E−01 1.034E+03 5.501E+02 1.394E+02 3.396E+01 8.000E+03 2.240E+05 1.697E−02 1.054E+04 2.045E+00 4.890E−01 9.594E+02 5.101E+02 1.685E+02 3.388E+01 9.000E+03 2.520E+05 1.906E−02 9.165E+03 1.768E+00 5.656E−01 8.591E+02 4.569E+02 1.999E+02 3.382E+01 1.000E+04 2.800E+05 2.115E−02 8.778E+03 1.690E+00 5.917E−01 8.300E+02 4.415E+02 2.337E+02 3.376E+01 1.500E+04 4.200E+05 3.147E−02 6.069E+03 1.147E+00 8.716E−01 6.127E+02 3.273E+02 4.375E+02 3.357E+01 2.000E+04 5.600E+05 4.163E−02 4.815E+03 8.977E−01 1.114E+00 5.030E+02 2.700E+02 6.990E+02 3.346E+01 3.000E+04 8.400E+05 6.148E−02 3.232E+03 5.850E−01 1.709E+00 3.540E+02 1.928E+02 1.393E+03 3.332E+01 4.000E+04 1.120E+06 8.071E−02 2.540E+03 4.498E−01 2.223E+00 2.844E+02 1.569E+02 2.313E+03 3.323E+01 5.000E+04 1.400E+06 9.937E−02 2.059E+03 3.672E−01 2.723E+00 2.411E+02 1.309E+02 3.424E+03 3.317E+01 6.000E+04 1.680E+06 1.175E−01 1.705E+03 3.026E−01 3.305E+00 2.054E+02 1.112E+02 4.723E+03 3.312E+01

3.309E+01 8.000E+04 2.240E+06 1.520E−01 1.351E+03 2.388E−01 4.187E+00 1.688E+02 9.085E+01 7.844E+03 3.306E+01 9.000E+04 2.520E+06 1.686E−01 1.219E+03 2.153E−01 4.645E+00 1.549E+02 8.307E+01 9.648E+03 3.303E+01 1.000E+05 2.800E+06 1.846E−01 1.107E+03 1.954E−01 5.117E+00 1.430E+02 7.641E+01 1.160E+04 3.301E+01 1.500E+05 4.200E+06 2.583E−01 7.716E+02 1.360E−01 7.351E+00 1.062E+02 5.575E+01 2.341E+04 3.294E+01 2.000E+05 5.600E+06 3.225E−01 6.307E+02 1.112E−01 8.994E+00 9.013E+01 4.677E+01 3.814E+04 3.290E+01 3.000E+05 8.400E+06 4.281E−01 4.642E+02 8.170E−02 1.224E+01 7.045E+01 3.589E+01 7.445E+04 3.284E+01 4.000E+05 1.120E+07 5.108E−01 3.949E+02 6.930E−02 1.443E+01 6.198E+01 3.129E+01 1.178E+05 3.281E+01 5.000E+05 1.400E+07 5.768E−01 3.479E+02 6.078E−02 1.645E+01 5.612E+01 2.817E+01 1.664E+05 3.279E+01 6.000E+05 1.680E+07 6.303E−01 3.140E+02 5.453E−02 1.834E+01 5.184E+01 2.593E+01 2.191E+05 3.277E+01 7.000E+05 1.960E+07 6.743E−01 2.957E+02 5.109E−02 1.957E+01 4.950E+01 2.475E+01 2.750E+05 3.275E+01 8.000E+05 2.240E+07 7.108E−01 2.810E+02 4.830E−02 2.070E+01 4.762E+01 2.382E+01 3.335E+05 3.274E+01 9.000E+05 2.520E+07 7.415E−01 2.690E+02 4.598E−02 2.175E+01 4.609E+01 2.308E+01 3.941E+05 3.273E+01 1.000E+06 2.800E+07 7.676E−01 2.591E+02 4.402E−02 2.272E+01 4.482E+01 2.248E+01 4.565E+05 3.273E+01

(b) Equilibrium Values

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

1.000E−01 2.800E+00 6.928E−02 1.443E+01 2.062E+02 2.285E+02 1.079E−01 2.062E+02 2.285E+02 1.079E−01 1.520E−02 1.500E−01 4.200E+00 1.011E−01 9.889E+00 2.315E+02 2.545E+02 9.910E−02 2.315E+02 2.545E+02 9.910E−02 1.978E−02 2.000E−01 5.600E+00 1.324E−01 7.556E+00 2.497E+02 2.725E+02 9.122E−02 2.497E+02 2.725E+02 9.122E−02 2.407E−02 3.000E−01 8.400E+00 1.933E−01 5.173E+00 2.751E+02 2.968E+02 7.862E−02 2.751E+02 2.968E+02 7.862E−02 3.218E−02 4.000E−01 1.120E+01 2.526E−01 3.959E+00 2.924E+02 3.126E+02 6.910E−02 2.924E+02 3.126E+02 6.910E−02 3.996E−02 5.000E−01 1.400E+01 3.104E−01 3.221E+00 3.051E+02 3.239E+02 6.166E−02 3.051E+02 3.239E+02 6.166E−02 4.755E−02 6.000E−01 1.680E+01 3.670E−01 2.725E+00 3.149E+02 3.324E+02 5.567E−02 3.149E+02 3.324E+02 5.567E−02 5.502E−02 7.000E−01 1.960E+01 4.224E−01 2.367E+00 3.226E+02 3.390E+02 5.073E−02 3.226E+02 3.390E+02 5.073E−02 6.242E−02 8.000E−01 2.240E+01 4.767E−01 2.098E+00 3.290E+02 3.443E+02 4.658E−02 3.290E+02 3.443E+02 4.658E−02 6.976E−02 9.000E−01 2.520E+01 5.300E−01 1.887E+00 3.342E+02 3.486E+02 4.306E−02 3.342E+02 3.486E+02 4.306E−02 7.707E−02 1.000E+00 2.800E+01 5.823E−01 1.717E+00 3.387E+02 3.523E+02 4.003E−02 3.387E+02 3.523E+02 4.003E−02 8.435E−02 1.500E+00 4.200E+01 8.310E−01 1.203E+00 3.536E+02 3.640E+02 2.960E−02 3.536E+02 3.640E+02 2.960E−02 1.205E−01 2.000E+00 5.600E+01 1.061E+00 9.425E−01 3.622E+02 3.707E+02 2.356E−02 3.622E+02 3.707E+02 2.356E−02 1.563E−01 3.000E+00 8.400E+01 1.476E+00 6.775E−01 3.729E+02 3.793E+02 1.707E−02 3.729E+02 3.793E+02 1.707E−02 2.269E−01 4.000E+00 1.120E+02 1.843E+00 5.426E−01 3.807E+02 3.860E+02 1.391E−02 3.807E+02 3.860E+02 1.391E−02 2.959E−01 5.000E+00 1.400E+02 2.171E+00 4.605E−01 3.876E+02 3.923E+02 1.232E−02 3.876E+02 3.923E+02 1.232E−02 3.629E−01 6.000E+00 1.680E+02 2.469E+00 4.051E−01 3.941E+02 3.987E+02 1.164E−02 3.941E+02 3.987E+02 1.164E−02 4.279E−01 7.000E+00 1.960E+02 2.739E+00 3.650E−01 4.005E+02 4.052E+02 1.157E−02 4.005E+02 4.052E+02 1.157E−02 4.909E−01 8.000E+00 2.240E+02 2.988E+00 3.347E−01 4.069E+02 4.118E+02 1.193E−02 4.069E+02 4.118E+02 1.193E−02 5.521E−01 9.000E+00 2.520E+02 3.217E+00 3.109E−01 4.133E+02 4.185E+02 1.262E−02 4.133E+02 4.185E+02 1.262E−02 6.114E−01 1.000E+01 2.800E+02 3.429E+00 2.916E−01 4.195E+02 4.252E+02 1.355E−02 4.195E+02 4.252E+02 1.355E−02 6.690E−01 1.500E+01 4.200E+02 4.294E+00 2.329E−01 4.500E+02 4.592E+02 2.043E−02 4.500E+02 4.592E+02 2.043E−02 9.348E−01 2.000E+01 5.600E+02 4.930E+00 2.028E−01 4.787E+02 4.924E+02 2.879E−02 4.787E+02 4.924E+02 2.879E−02 1.171E+00 3.000E+01 8.400E+02 5.802E+00 1.724E−01 5.308E+02 5.550E+02 4.558E−02 5.308E+02 5.550E+02 4.558E−02 1.584E+00 4.000E+01 1.120E+03 6.359E+00 1.573E−01 5.772E+02 6.121E+02 6.041E−02 5.772E+02 6.121E+02 6.041E−02 1.941E+00 5.000E+01 1.400E+03 6.733E+00 1.485E−01 6.192E+02 6.645E+02 7.308E−02 6.186E+02 6.634E+02 7.235E−02 2.262E+00 6.000E+01 1.680E+03 6.992E+00 1.430E−01 6.578E+02 7.130E+02 8.390E−02 6.522E+02 7.031E+02 7.809E−02 2.555E+00 7.000E+01 1.960E+03 7.175E+00 1.394E−01 6.935E+02 7.581E+02 9.310E−02 6.804E+02 7.355E+02 8.096E−02 2.827E+00 8.000E+01 2.240E+03 7.303E+00 1.369E−01 7.268E+02 8.003E+02 1.010E−01 7.051E+02 7.635E+02 8.272E−02 3.082E+00 9.000E+01 2.520E+03 7.393E+00 1.353E−01 7.582E+02 8.400E+02 1.079E−01 7.274E+02 7.885E+02 8.400E−02 3.324E+00 1.000E+02 2.800E+03 7.454E+00 1.342E−01 7.878E+02 8.775E+02 1.138E−01 7.478E+02 8.114E+02 8.504E−02 3.555E+00 1.500E+02 4.200E+03 7.601E+00 1.316E−01 9.162E+02 1.039E+03 1.341E−01 8.324E+02 9.067E+02 8.929E−02 4.584E+00 2.000E+02 5.600E+03 7.738E+00 1.292E−01 1.022E+03 1.170E+03 1.449E−01 8.997E+02 9.831E+02 9.268E−02 5.482E+00 3.000E+02 8.400E+03 7.958E+00 1.257E−01 1.190E+03 1.371E+03 1.528E−01 1.006E+03 1.103E+03 9.644E−02 7.061E+00 4.000E+02 1.120E+04 8.106E+00 1.234E−01 1.320E+03 1.521E+03 1.520E−01 1.087E+03 1.191E+03 9.640E−02 8.484E+00

E/A

keV/A E

keV Iav

nm−1 mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

4.000E+02 1.120E+04 8.106E+00 1.234E−01 1.320E+03 1.521E+03 1.520E−01 1.087E+03 1.191E+03 9.640E−02 8.484E+00 5.000E+02 1.400E+04 8.197E+00 1.220E−01 1.425E+03 1.635E+03 1.471E−01 1.150E+03 1.258E+03 9.355E−02 9.823E+00 6.000E+02 1.680E+04 8.243E+00 1.213E−01 1.511E+03 1.722E+03 1.400E−01 1.199E+03 1.306E+03 8.881E−02 1.112E+01 7.000E+02 1.960E+04 8.252E+00 1.212E−01 1.580E+03 1.789E+03 1.318E−01 1.237E+03 1.339E+03 8.298E−02 1.239E+01 8.000E+02 2.240E+04 8.229E+00 1.215E−01 1.638E+03 1.839E+03 1.228E−01 1.264E+03 1.360E+03 7.637E−02 1.368E+01 9.000E+02 2.520E+04 8.180E+00 1.222E−01 1.683E+03 1.874E+03 1.139E−01 1.282E+03 1.371E+03 6.988E−02 1.498E+01 1.000E+03 2.800E+04 8.113E+00 1.233E−01 1.719E+03 1.900E+03 1.054E−01 1.293E+03 1.375E+03 6.397E−02 1.629E+01 1.500E+03 4.200E+04 7.652E+00 1.307E−01 1.813E+03 1.946E+03 7.318E−02 1.282E+03 1.342E+03 4.686E−02 2.317E+01 2.000E+03 5.600E+04 7.141E+00 1.400E−01 1.828E+03 1.929E+03 5.497E−02 1.221E+03 1.279E+03 4.701E−02 3.063E+01 3.000E+03 8.400E+04 6.223E+00 1.607E−01 1.772E+03 1.843E+03 3.996E−02 1.108E+03 1.170E+03 5.639E−02 4.743E+01 4.000E+03 1.120E+05 5.479E+00 1.825E−01 1.679E+03 1.745E+03 3.947E−02 1.012E+03 1.083E+03 7.020E−02 6.674E+01 5.000E+03 1.400E+05 4.884E+00 2.047E−01 1.582E+03 1.654E+03 4.503E−02 9.319E+02 1.011E+03 8.516E−02 8.853E+01 6.000E+03 1.680E+05 4.401E+00 2.272E−01 1.491E+03 1.571E+03 5.374E−02 8.638E+02 9.507E+02 1.005E−01 1.128E+02 7.000E+03 1.960E+05 4.001E+00 2.499E−01 1.407E+03 1.497E+03 6.398E−02 8.055E+02 8.987E+02 1.156E−01 1.394E+02 8.000E+03 2.240E+05 3.666E+00 2.727E−01 1.330E+03 1.430E+03 7.493E−02 7.551E+02 8.535E+02 1.303E−01 1.685E+02 9.000E+03 2.520E+05 3.382E+00 2.957E−01 1.261E+03 1.370E+03 8.625E−02 7.109E+02 8.137E+02 1.446E−01 1.999E+02 1.000E+04 2.800E+05 3.137E+00 3.187E−01 1.199E+03 1.316E+03 9.769E−02 6.720E+02 7.784E+02 1.584E−01 2.337E+02 1.500E+04 4.200E+05 2.295E+00 4.357E−01 9.608E+02 1.108E+03 1.533E−01 5.297E+02 6.463E+02 2.203E−01 4.375E+02 2.000E+04 5.600E+05 1.800E+00 5.556E−01 8.019E+02 9.655E+02 2.040E−01 4.390E+02 5.587E+02 2.727E−01 6.990E+02 3.000E+04 8.400E+05 1.245E+00 8.030E−01 6.035E+02 7.793E+02 2.914E−01 3.291E+02 4.467E+02 3.572E−01 1.393E+03 4.000E+04 1.120E+06 9.448E−01 1.058E+00 4.848E+02 6.610E+02 3.634E−01 2.649E+02 3.767E+02 4.221E−01 2.313E+03 5.000E+04 1.400E+06 7.641E−01 1.309E+00 4.093E+02 5.794E+02 4.154E−01 2.234E+02 3.290E+02 4.727E−01 3.424E+03 6.000E+04 1.680E+06 6.422E−01 1.557E+00 3.561E+02 5.188E+02 4.570E−01 1.941E+02 2.939E+02 5.139E−01 4.723E+03 7.000E+04 1.960E+06 5.548E−01 1.803E+00 3.165E+02 4.718E+02 4.910E−01 1.723E+02 2.668E+02 5.483E−01 6.200E+03 8.000E+04 2.240E+06 4.891E−01 2.044E+00 2.859E+02 4.341E+02 5.188E−01 1.554E+02 2.451E+02 5.770E−01 7.844E+03 9.000E+04 2.520E+06 4.381E−01 2.283E+00 2.615E+02 4.032E+02 5.420E−01 1.419E+02 2.274E+02 6.017E−01 9.648E+03 1.000E+05 2.800E+06 3.973E−01 2.517E+00 2.416E+02 3.772E+02 5.614E−01 1.309E+02 2.125E+02 6.229E−01 1.160E+04 1.500E+05 4.200E+06 2.755E−01 3.630E+00 1.796E+02 2.913E+02 6.220E−01 9.653E+01 1.635E+02 6.941E−01 2.341E+04 2.000E+05 5.600E+06 2.150E−01 4.650E+00 1.470E+02 2.423E+02 6.485E−01 7.840E+01 1.357E+02 7.314E−01 3.814E+04 3.000E+05 8.400E+06 1.548E−01 6.458E+00 1.129E+02 1.874E+02 6.595E−01 5.946E+01 1.046E+02 7.590E−01 7.445E+04 4.000E+05 1.120E+07 1.248E−01 8.012E+00 9.516E+01 1.567E+02 6.468E−01 4.963E+01 8.716E+01 7.562E−01 1.178E+05 5.000E+05 1.400E+07 1.067E−01 9.368E+00 8.419E+01 1.369E+02 6.261E−01 4.359E+01 7.587E+01 7.404E−01 1.664E+05 6.000E+05 1.680E+07 9.465E−02 1.056E+01 7.673E+01 1.230E+02 6.023E−01 3.951E+01 6.789E+01 7.182E−01 2.191E+05 7.000E+05 1.960E+07 8.597E−02 1.163E+01 7.131E+01 1.125E+02 5.782E−01 3.657E+01 6.192E+01 6.934E−01 2.750E+05 8.000E+05 2.240E+07 7.943E−02 1.259E+01 6.720E+01 1.045E+02 5.545E−01 3.435E+01 5.728E+01 6.674E−01 3.335E+05 9.000E+05 2.520E+07 7.431E−02 1.346E+01 6.397E+01 9.799E+01 5.319E−01 3.263E+01 5.356E+01 6.415E−01 3.941E+05 1.000E+06 2.800E+07 7.019E−02 1.425E+01 6.136E+01 9.268E+01 5.104E−01 3.125E+01 5.050E+01 6.162E−01 4.565E+05

PHOSPHORUS-31 IONS: A=31 Z=15 (a) Instantaneous Data

∆M=−24.43950 MeV Mc2=2.8852E+04 MeV

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

1.000E−01 3.100E+00 2.149E−07 0.000E+00 1.590E−01 6.290E+00 3.133E+02 3.133E+02 1.567E−02 1.916E+02 1.500E−01 4.650E+00 3.223E−07 0.000E+00 2.234E−01 4.475E+00 3.396E+02 3.396E+02 2.038E−02 1.668E+02 2.000E−01 6.200E+00 4.298E−07 0.000E+00 2.968E−01 3.370E+00 3.597E+02 3.597E+02 2.479E−02 1.515E+02 3.000E−01 9.300E+00 6.447E−07 0.000E+00 4.136E−01 2.418E+00 3.804E+02 3.804E+02 3.311E−02 1.330E+02 4.000E−01 1.240E+01 8.596E−07 0.000E+00 5.449E−01 1.835E+00 3.945E+02 3.945E+02 4.108E−02 1.216E+02 5.000E−01 1.550E+01 1.074E−06 0.000E+00 6.622E−01 1.510E+00 4.026E+02 4.026E+02 4.885E−02 1.136E+02 6.000E−01 1.860E+01 1.289E−06 0.000E+00 7.515E−01 1.331E+00 4.070E+02 4.070E+02 5.650E−02 1.077E+02 7.000E−01 2.170E+01 1.504E−06 0.000E+00 8.419E−01 1.188E+00 4.104E+02 4.104E+02 6.406E−02 1.030E+02 8.000E−01 2.480E+01 1.719E−06 0.000E+00 9.802E−01 1.020E+00 4.140E+02 4.140E+02 7.156E−02 9.917E+01 9.000E−01 2.790E+01 1.934E−06 0.000E+00 1.079E+00 9.264E−01 4.159E+02 4.159E+02 7.903E−02 9.597E+01

9.324E+01 1.500E+00 4.650E+01 3.223E−06 0.000E+00 1.599E+00 6.255E−01 4.213E+02 4.213E+02 1.234E−01 8.379E+01 2.000E+00 6.200E+01 4.298E−06 0.000E+00 2.046E+00 4.887E−01 4.245E+02 4.245E+02 1.600E−01 7.799E+01 3.000E+00 9.300E+01 6.447E−06 0.000E+00 2.710E+00 3.690E−01 4.313E+02 4.313E+02 2.324E−01 7.092E+01 4.000E+00 1.240E+02 8.596E−06 0.000E+00 3.394E+00 2.946E−01 4.423E+02 4.423E+02 3.034E−01 6.658E+01 5.000E+00 1.550E+02 1.074E−05 0.000E+00 3.956E+00 2.528E−01 4.545E+02 4.545E+02 3.725E−01 6.356E+01 6.000E+00 1.860E+02 1.289E−05 0.000E+00 4.355E+00 2.296E−01 4.650E+02 4.650E+02 4.398E−01 6.130E+01 7.000E+00 2.170E+02 1.504E−05 0.000E+00 4.735E+00 2.112E−01 4.764E+02 4.764E+02 5.051E−01 5.951E+01 8.000E+00 2.480E+02 1.719E−05 0.000E+00 5.275E+00 1.896E−01 4.950E+02 4.950E+02 5.686E−01 5.805E+01 9.000E+00 2.790E+02 1.934E−05 0.000E+00 5.631E+00 1.776E−01 5.089E+02 5.089E+02 6.302E−01 5.684E+01 1.000E+01 3.100E+02 2.149E−05 0.000E+00 5.975E+00 1.674E−01 5.238E+02 5.238E+02 6.902E−01 5.580E+01 1.500E+01 4.650E+02 3.223E−05 0.000E+00 7.143E+00 1.400E−01 5.871E+02 5.871E+02 9.680E−01 5.220E+01 2.000E+01 6.200E+02 4.298E−05 0.000E+00 8.049E+00 1.242E−01 6.575E+02 6.575E+02 1.216E+00 4.999E+01 3.000E+01 9.300E+02 6.446E−05 0.000E+00 8.884E+00 1.126E−01 7.635E+02 7.635E+02 1.649E+00 4.730E+01 4.000E+01 1.240E+03 8.595E−05 0.000E+00 9.285E+00 1.077E−01 8.733E+02 8.733E+02 2.026E+00 4.565E+01 5.000E+01 1.550E+03 1.074E−04 0.000E+00 9.364E+00 1.068E−01 9.402E+02 9.303E+02 2.363E+00 4.450E+01 6.000E+01 1.860E+03 1.289E−04 0.000E+00 9.327E+00 1.072E−01 1.030E+03 9.681E+02 2.672E+00 4.363E+01 7.000E+01 2.170E+03 1.504E−04 0.000E+00 9.227E+00 1.084E−01 1.093E+03 9.975E+02 2.959E+00 4.295E+01 8.000E+01 2.480E+03 1.719E−04 0.000E+00 9.001E+00 1.111E−01 1.185E+03 1.043E+03 3.228E+00 4.240E+01 9.000E+01 2.790E+03 1.934E−04 0.000E+00 8.807E+00 1.135E−01 1.247E+03 1.076E+03 3.483E+00 4.194E+01 1.000E+02 3.100E+03 2.149E−04 0.000E+00 8.708E+00 1.148E−01 1.276E+03 1.091E+03 3.726E+00 4.154E+01 1.500E+02 4.650E+03 3.223E−04 0.000E+00 8.647E+00 1.157E−01 1.532E+03 1.239E+03 4.810E+00 4.017E+01 2.000E+02 6.200E+03 4.296E−04 0.000E+00 8.949E+00 1.117E−01 1.698E+03 1.339E+03 5.753E+00 3.933E+01 3.000E+02 9.300E+03 6.444E−04 0.000E+00 9.294E+00 1.076E−01 1.980E+03 1.512E+03 7.410E+00 3.830E+01 4.000E+02 1.240E+04 8.590E−04 0.000E+00 9.356E+00 1.069E−01 2.136E+03 1.603E+03 8.896E+00 3.768E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

4.000E+02 1.240E+04 8.590E−04 0.000E+00 9.356E+00 1.069E−01 2.136E+03 1.603E+03 8.896E+00 3.768E+01 5.000E+02 1.550E+04 1.074E−03 0.000E+00 9.285E+00 1.077E−01 2.252E+03 1.662E+03 1.029E+01 3.724E+01 6.000E+02 1.860E+04 1.288E−03 0.000E+00 9.087E+00 1.100E−01 2.328E+03 1.686E+03 1.163E+01 3.691E+01 7.000E+02 2.170E+04 1.503E−03 0.000E+00 8.875E+00 1.127E−01 2.355E+03 1.679E+03 1.295E+01 3.665E+01 8.000E+02 2.480E+04 1.717E−03 4.581E+04 8.597E+00 1.163E−01 2.357E+03 1.649E+03 1.427E+01 3.644E+01 9.000E+02 2.790E+04 1.931E−03 4.370E+04 8.273E+00 1.209E−01 2.338E+03 1.601E+03 1.559E+01 3.626E+01 1.000E+03 3.100E+04 2.145E−03 4.171E+04 7.954E+00 1.257E−01 2.312E+03 1.547E+03 1.693E+01 3.611E+01 1.500E+03 4.650E+04 3.216E−03 3.408E+04 6.631E+00 1.508E−01 2.149E+03 1.275E+03 2.392E+01 3.559E+01 2.000E+03 6.200E+04 4.284E−03 2.974E+04 5.826E+00 1.716E−01 2.011E+03 1.092E+03 3.145E+01 3.527E+01 3.000E+03 9.300E+04 6.416E−03 2.307E+04 4.537E+00 2.204E−01 1.734E+03 9.319E+02 4.828E+01 3.488E+01 4.000E+03 1.240E+05 8.541E−03 1.950E+04 3.832E+00 2.610E−01 1.553E+03 8.308E+02 6.752E+01 3.464E+01 5.000E+03 1.550E+05 1.066E−02 1.668E+04 3.268E+00 3.060E−01 1.393E+03 7.427E+02 8.913E+01 3.447E+01 6.000E+03 1.860E+05 1.277E−02 1.437E+04 2.804E+00 3.566E−01 1.249E+03 6.647E+02 1.131E+02 3.435E+01 7.000E+03 2.170E+05 1.487E−02 1.299E+04 2.526E+00 3.958E−01 1.157E+03 6.156E+02 1.394E+02 3.425E+01 8.000E+03 2.480E+05 1.697E−02 1.180E+04 2.288E+00 4.370E−01 1.076E+03 5.719E+02 1.680E+02 3.417E+01 9.000E+03 2.790E+05 1.906E−02 1.077E+04 2.080E+00 4.807E−01 1.001E+03 5.324E+02 1.988E+02 3.410E+01 1.000E+04 3.100E+05 2.115E−02 9.860E+03 1.897E+00 5.272E−01 9.334E+02 4.965E+02 2.319E+02 3.405E+01 1.500E+04 4.650E+05 3.147E−02 6.857E+03 1.295E+00 7.721E−01 6.930E+02 3.701E+02 4.309E+02 3.385E+01 2.000E+04 6.200E+05 4.163E−02 5.457E+03 1.016E+00 9.838E−01 5.706E+02 3.063E+02 6.850E+02 3.373E+01 3.000E+04 9.300E+05 6.148E−02 3.676E+03 6.649E−01 1.504E+00 4.030E+02 2.195E+02 1.357E+03 3.358E+01 4.000E+04 1.240E+06 8.072E−02 2.893E+03 5.118E−01 1.954E+00 3.241E+02 1.788E+02 2.246E+03 3.349E+01 5.000E+04 1.550E+06 9.937E−02 2.347E+03 4.183E−01 2.391E+00 2.750E+02 1.494E+02 3.314E+03 3.342E+01 6.000E+04 1.860E+06 1.175E−01 1.944E+03 3.448E−01 2.900E+00 2.344E+02 1.269E+02 4.572E+03 3.337E+01

3.334E+01 8.000E+04 2.480E+06 1.520E−01 1.541E+03 2.723E−01 3.672E+00 1.928E+02 1.037E+02 7.583E+03 3.331E+01 9.000E+04 2.790E+06 1.686E−01 1.391E+03 2.455E−01 4.073E+00 1.769E+02 9.485E+01 9.323E+03 3.328E+01 1.000E+05 3.100E+06 1.846E−01 1.264E+03 2.229E−01 4.486E+00 1.634E+02 8.725E+01 1.121E+04 3.326E+01 1.500E+05 4.650E+06 2.583E−01 8.809E+02 1.553E−01 6.441E+00 1.214E+02 6.369E+01 2.260E+04 3.318E+01 2.000E+05 6.200E+06 3.225E−01 7.202E+02 1.269E−01 7.878E+00 1.030E+02 5.345E+01 3.680E+04 3.314E+01 3.000E+05 9.300E+06 4.281E−01 5.305E+02 9.333E−02 1.071E+01 8.059E+01 4.104E+01 7.183E+04 3.308E+01 4.000E+05 1.240E+07 5.108E−01 4.515E+02 7.920E−02 1.263E+01 7.093E+01 3.580E+01 1.136E+05 3.305E+01 5.000E+05 1.550E+07 5.768E−01 3.979E+02 6.949E−02 1.439E+01 6.425E+01 3.224E+01 1.605E+05 3.302E+01 6.000E+05 1.860E+07 6.303E−01 3.593E+02 6.237E−02 1.603E+01 5.936E+01 2.969E+01 2.113E+05 3.300E+01 7.000E+05 2.170E+07 6.743E−01 3.384E+02 5.845E−02 1.711E+01 5.670E+01 2.834E+01 2.652E+05 3.299E+01 8.000E+05 2.480E+07 7.108E−01 3.217E+02 5.527E−02 1.809E+01 5.456E+01 2.729E+01 3.217E+05 3.298E+01 9.000E+05 2.790E+07 7.415E−01 3.081E+02 5.263E−02 1.900E+01 5.281E+01 2.645E+01 3.801E+05 3.297E+01 1.000E+06 3.100E+07 7.676E−01 2.967E+02 5.039E−02 1.985E+01 5.136E+01 2.577E+01 4.403E+05 3.296E+01

(b) Equilibrium Values

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

1.000E−01 3.100E+00 6.893E−02 1.451E+01 2.197E+02 2.447E+02 1.135E−01 2.197E+02 2.447E+02 1.135E−01 1.567E−02 1.500E−01 4.650E+00 1.008E−01 9.920E+00 2.473E+02 2.730E+02 1.040E−01 2.473E+02 2.730E+02 1.040E−01 2.038E−02 2.000E−01 6.200E+00 1.321E−01 7.570E+00 2.672E+02 2.928E+02 9.570E−02 2.672E+02 2.928E+02 9.570E−02 2.479E−02 3.000E−01 9.300E+00 1.933E−01 5.174E+00 2.950E+02 3.194E+02 8.248E−02 2.950E+02 3.194E+02 8.248E−02 3.311E−02 4.000E−01 1.240E+01 2.529E−01 3.954E+00 3.141E+02 3.368E+02 7.254E−02 3.141E+02 3.368E+02 7.254E−02 4.108E−02 5.000E−01 1.550E+01 3.111E−01 3.214E+00 3.281E+02 3.493E+02 6.477E−02 3.281E+02 3.493E+02 6.477E−02 4.885E−02 6.000E−01 1.860E+01 3.681E−01 2.716E+00 3.389E+02 3.587E+02 5.851E−02 3.389E+02 3.587E+02 5.851E−02 5.650E−02 7.000E−01 2.170E+01 4.240E−01 2.359E+00 3.475E+02 3.660E+02 5.335E−02 3.475E+02 3.660E+02 5.335E−02 6.406E−02 8.000E−01 2.480E+01 4.788E−01 2.088E+00 3.545E+02 3.719E+02 4.902E−02 3.545E+02 3.719E+02 4.902E−02 7.156E−02 9.000E−01 2.790E+01 5.327E−01 1.877E+00 3.604E+02 3.767E+02 4.533E−02 3.604E+02 3.767E+02 4.533E−02 7.903E−02 1.000E+00 3.100E+01 5.856E−01 1.708E+00 3.653E+02 3.807E+02 4.215E−02 3.653E+02 3.807E+02 4.215E−02 8.647E−02 1.500E+00 4.650E+01 8.377E−01 1.194E+00 3.818E+02 3.937E+02 3.118E−02 3.818E+02 3.937E+02 3.118E−02 1.234E−01 2.000E+00 6.200E+01 1.072E+00 9.332E−01 3.914E+02 4.011E+02 2.478E−02 3.914E+02 4.011E+02 2.478E−02 1.600E−01 3.000E+00 9.300E+01 1.495E+00 6.688E−01 4.029E+02 4.101E+02 1.784E−02 4.029E+02 4.101E+02 1.784E−02 2.324E−01 4.000E+00 1.240E+02 1.871E+00 5.344E−01 4.109E+02 4.168E+02 1.437E−02 4.109E+02 4.168E+02 1.437E−02 3.034E−01 5.000E+00 1.550E+02 2.209E+00 4.527E−01 4.179E+02 4.231E+02 1.252E−02 4.179E+02 4.231E+02 1.252E−02 3.725E−01 6.000E+00 1.860E+02 2.515E+00 3.976E−01 4.245E+02 4.294E+02 1.162E−02 4.245E+02 4.294E+02 1.162E−02 4.398E−01 7.000E+00 2.170E+02 2.795E+00 3.578E−01 4.310E+02 4.358E+02 1.133E−02 4.310E+02 4.358E+02 1.133E−02 5.051E−01 8.000E+00 2.480E+02 3.051E+00 3.277E−01 4.374E+02 4.424E+02 1.147E−02 4.374E+02 4.424E+02 1.147E−02 5.686E−01 9.000E+00 2.790E+02 3.289E+00 3.041E−01 4.437E+02 4.491E+02 1.195E−02 4.437E+02 4.491E+02 1.195E−02 6.302E−01 1.000E+01 3.100E+02 3.508E+00 2.850E−01 4.501E+02 4.558E+02 1.268E−02 4.501E+02 4.558E+02 1.268E−02 6.902E−01 1.500E+01 4.650E+02 4.408E+00 2.269E−01 4.811E+02 4.900E+02 1.866E−02 4.811E+02 4.900E+02 1.866E−02 9.680E−01 2.000E+01 6.200E+02 5.072E+00 1.972E−01 5.104E+02 5.239E+02 2.632E−02 5.104E+02 5.239E+02 2.632E−02 1.216E+00 3.000E+01 9.300E+02 5.985E+00 1.671E−01 5.642E+02 5.880E+02 4.219E−02 5.642E+02 5.880E+02 4.219E−02 1.649E+00 4.000E+01 1.240E+03 6.572E+00 1.522E−01 6.124E+02 6.470E+02 5.653E−02 6.124E+02 6.470E+02 5.653E−02 2.026E+00 5.000E+01 1.550E+03 6.968E+00 1.435E−01 6.560E+02 7.013E+02 6.895E−02 6.553E+02 7.000E+02 6.818E−02 2.363E+00 6.000E+01 1.860E+03 7.243E+00 1.381E−01 6.962E+02 7.517E+02 7.967E−02 6.902E+02 7.411E+02 7.385E−02 2.672E+00 7.000E+01 2.170E+03 7.438E+00 1.344E−01 7.334E+02 7.986E+02 8.887E−02 7.194E+02 7.746E+02 7.674E−02 2.959E+00 8.000E+01 2.480E+03 7.576E+00 1.320E−01 7.683E+02 8.427E+02 9.682E−02 7.449E+02 8.034E+02 7.853E−02 3.228E+00 9.000E+01 2.790E+03 7.674E+00 1.303E−01 8.010E+02 8.842E+02 1.037E−01 7.680E+02 8.293E+02 7.987E−02 3.483E+00 1.000E+02 3.100E+03 7.741E+00 1.292E−01 8.320E+02 9.234E+02 1.098E−01 7.891E+02 8.530E+02 8.099E−02 3.726E+00 1.500E+02 4.650E+03 7.910E+00 1.264E−01 9.667E+02 1.093E+03 1.308E−01 8.769E+02 9.521E+02 8.571E−02 4.810E+00 2.000E+02 6.200E+03 8.065E+00 1.240E−01 1.078E+03 1.231E+03 1.423E−01 9.473E+02 1.032E+03 8.969E−02 5.753E+00 3.000E+02 9.300E+03 8.314E+00 1.203E−01 1.255E+03 1.445E+03 1.516E−01 1.059E+03 1.159E+03 9.461E−02 7.410E+00 4.000E+02 1.240E+04 8.486E+00 1.178E−01 1.394E+03 1.606E+03 1.520E−01 1.145E+03 1.254E+03 9.569E−02 8.896E+00

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

4.000E+02 1.240E+04 8.486E+00 1.178E−01 1.394E+03 1.606E+03 1.520E−01 1.145E+03 1.254E+03 9.569E−02 8.896E+00 5.000E+02 1.550E+04 8.598E+00 1.163E−01 1.506E+03 1.729E+03 1.481E−01 1.213E+03 1.327E+03 9.388E−02 1.029E+01 6.000E+02 1.860E+04 8.663E+00 1.154E−01 1.599E+03 1.826E+03 1.419E−01 1.267E+03 1.381E+03 9.005E−02 1.163E+01 7.000E+02 2.170E+04 8.690E+00 1.151E−01 1.675E+03 1.901E+03 1.345E−01 1.309E+03 1.421E+03 8.492E−02 1.295E+01 8.000E+02 2.480E+04 8.684E+00 1.152E−01 1.738E+03 1.958E+03 1.263E−01 1.341E+03 1.447E+03 7.898E−02 1.427E+01 9.000E+02 2.790E+04 8.650E+00 1.156E−01 1.789E+03 2.000E+03 1.178E−01 1.363E+03 1.462E+03 7.279E−02 1.559E+01 1.000E+03 3.100E+04 8.595E+00 1.163E−01 1.831E+03 2.031E+03 1.096E−01 1.378E+03 1.470E+03 6.692E−02 1.693E+01 1.500E+03 4.650E+04 8.171E+00 1.224E−01 1.944E+03 2.094E+03 7.721E−02 1.381E+03 1.447E+03 4.802E−02 2.392E+01 2.000E+03 6.200E+04 7.675E+00 1.303E−01 1.972E+03 2.086E+03 5.755E−02 1.326E+03 1.386E+03 4.530E−02 3.145E+01 3.000E+03 9.300E+04 6.745E+00 1.483E−01 1.926E+03 2.006E+03 4.113E−02 1.210E+03 1.274E+03 5.325E−02 4.828E+01 4.000E+03 1.240E+05 5.980E+00 1.672E−01 1.837E+03 1.908E+03 3.851E−02 1.111E+03 1.183E+03 6.502E−02 6.752E+01 5.000E+03 1.550E+05 5.358E+00 1.866E−01 1.740E+03 1.814E+03 4.237E−02 1.028E+03 1.108E+03 7.835E−02 8.913E+01 6.000E+03 1.860E+05 4.848E+00 2.063E−01 1.646E+03 1.727E+03 4.961E−02 9.559E+02 1.044E+03 9.227E−02 1.131E+02 7.000E+03 2.170E+05 4.423E+00 2.261E−01 1.558E+03 1.649E+03 5.860E−02 8.941E+02 9.890E+02 1.062E−01 1.394E+02 8.000E+03 2.480E+05 4.065E+00 2.460E−01 1.478E+03 1.579E+03 6.848E−02 8.402E+02 9.409E+02 1.199E−01 1.680E+02 9.000E+03 2.790E+05 3.759E+00 2.660E−01 1.404E+03 1.515E+03 7.883E−02 7.928E+02 8.984E+02 1.332E−01 1.988E+02 1.000E+04 3.100E+05 3.495E+00 2.861E−01 1.338E+03 1.457E+03 8.939E−02 7.508E+02 8.605E+02 1.461E−01 2.319E+02 1.500E+04 4.650E+05 2.576E+00 3.881E−01 1.080E+03 1.233E+03 1.416E−01 5.960E+02 7.180E+02 2.047E−01 4.309E+02 2.000E+04 6.200E+05 2.031E+00 4.924E−01 9.059E+02 1.078E+03 1.898E−01 4.963E+02 6.227E+02 2.547E−01 6.850E+02 3.000E+04 9.300E+05 1.414E+00 7.073E−01 6.859E+02 8.737E+02 2.738E−01 3.742E+02 5.000E+02 3.361E−01 1.357E+03 4.000E+04 1.240E+06 1.076E+00 9.291E−01 5.528E+02 7.430E+02 3.440E−01 3.021E+02 4.228E+02 3.995E−01 2.246E+03 5.000E+04 1.550E+06 8.725E−01 1.146E+00 4.677E+02 6.526E+02 3.954E−01 2.554E+02 3.701E+02 4.493E−01 3.314E+03 6.000E+04 1.860E+06 7.338E−01 1.363E+00 4.071E+02 5.849E+02 4.366E−01 2.220E+02 3.309E+02 4.903E−01 4.572E+03 7.000E+04 2.170E+06 6.345E−01 1.576E+00 3.622E+02 5.325E+02 4.703E−01 1.972E+02 3.007E+02 5.245E−01 5.997E+03 8.000E+04 2.480E+06 5.597E−01 1.787E+00 3.273E+02 4.904E+02 4.981E−01 1.780E+02 2.765E+02 5.534E−01 7.583E+03 9.000E+04 2.790E+06 5.016E−01 1.994E+00 2.995E+02 4.557E+02 5.213E−01 1.627E+02 2.567E+02 5.781E−01 9.323E+03 1.000E+05 3.100E+06 4.550E−01 2.198E+00 2.768E+02 4.266E+02 5.409E−01 1.501E+02 2.401E+02 5.995E−01 1.121E+04 1.500E+05 4.650E+06 3.158E−01 3.166E+00 2.060E+02 3.301E+02 6.025E−01 1.107E+02 1.851E+02 6.718E−01 2.260E+04 2.000E+05 6.200E+06 2.466E−01 4.055E+00 1.686E+02 2.749E+02 6.304E−01 8.996E+01 1.539E+02 7.104E−01 3.680E+04 3.000E+05 9.300E+06 1.776E−01 5.629E+00 1.296E+02 2.129E+02 6.430E−01 6.825E+01 1.187E+02 7.396E−01 7.183E+04 4.000E+05 1.240E+07 1.432E−01 6.984E+00 1.092E+02 1.783E+02 6.323E−01 5.697E+01 9.905E+01 7.388E−01 1.136E+05 5.000E+05 1.550E+07 1.225E−01 8.165E+00 9.664E+01 1.559E+02 6.129E−01 5.004E+01 8.629E+01 7.244E−01 1.605E+05 6.000E+05 1.860E+07 1.086E−01 9.208E+00 8.808E+01 1.401E+02 5.903E−01 4.535E+01 7.726E+01 7.035E−01 2.113E+05 7.000E+05 2.170E+07 9.866E−02 1.014E+01 8.186E+01 1.283E+02 5.669E−01 4.198E+01 7.050E+01 6.794E−01 2.652E+05 8.000E+05 2.480E+07 9.115E−02 1.097E+01 7.714E+01 1.191E+02 5.441E−01 3.943E+01 6.524E+01 6.545E−01 3.217E+05 9.000E+05 2.790E+07 8.527E−02 1.173E+01 7.343E+01 1.118E+02 5.222E−01 3.745E+01 6.102E+01 6.294E−01 3.801E+05 1.000E+06 3.100E+07 8.054E−02 1.242E+01 7.044E+01 1.058E+02 5.013E−01 3.587E+01 5.756E+01 6.048E−01 4.403E+05

SULPHUR-32 IONS: A=32 Z=16 (a) Instantaneous Data

∆M=−26.01516 MeV Mc2=2.9782E+04 MeV

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

1.000E−01 3.200E+00 2.149E−07 0.000E+00 1.570E−01 6.367E+00 3.280E+02 3.280E+02 1.552E−02 1.987E+02 1.500E−01 4.800E+00 3.223E−07 0.000E+00 2.210E−01 4.526E+00 3.565E+02 3.565E+02 2.014E−02 1.728E+02 2.000E−01 6.400E+00 4.298E−07 0.000E+00 2.937E−01 3.405E+00 3.787E+02 3.787E+02 2.445E−02 1.569E+02 3.000E−01 9.600E+00 6.447E−07 0.000E+00 4.099E−01 2.440E+00 4.017E+02 4.017E+02 3.258E−02 1.375E+02 4.000E−01 1.280E+01 8.596E−07 0.000E+00 5.407E−01 1.849E+00 4.177E+02 4.177E+02 4.035E−02 1.256E+02 5.000E−01 1.600E+01 1.074E−06 0.000E+00 6.576E−01 1.521E+00 4.271E+02 4.271E+02 4.790E−02 1.174E+02 6.000E−01 1.920E+01 1.289E−06 0.000E+00 7.468E−01 1.339E+00 4.323E+02 4.323E+02 5.532E−02 1.112E+02 7.000E−01 2.240E+01 1.504E−06 0.000E+00 8.789E−01 1.138E+00 4.379E+02 4.379E+02 6.266E−02 1.063E+02 8.000E−01 2.560E+01 1.719E−06 0.000E+00 9.755E−01 1.025E+00 4.408E+02 4.408E+02 6.993E−02 1.023E+02

9.893E+01 1.000E+00 3.200E+01 2.149E−06 0.000E+00 1.177E+00 8.495E−01 4.451E+02 4.451E+02 8.436E−02 9.608E+01 1.500E+00 4.800E+01 3.223E−06 0.000E+00 1.596E+00 6.267E−01 4.498E+02 4.498E+02 1.201E−01 8.622E+01 2.000E+00 6.400E+01 4.298E−06 0.000E+00 2.046E+00 4.887E−01 4.533E+02 4.533E+02 1.555E−01 8.017E+01 3.000E+00 9.600E+01 6.447E−06 0.000E+00 2.717E+00 3.681E−01 4.600E+02 4.600E+02 2.255E−01 7.279E+01 4.000E+00 1.280E+02 8.596E−06 0.000E+00 3.411E+00 2.932E−01 4.706E+02 4.706E+02 2.941E−01 6.826E+01 5.000E+00 1.600E+02 1.074E−05 0.000E+00 3.982E+00 2.511E−01 4.824E+02 4.824E+02 3.611E−01 6.511E+01 6.000E+00 1.920E+02 1.289E−05 0.000E+00 4.390E+00 2.278E−01 4.927E+02 4.927E+02 4.265E−01 6.275E+01 7.000E+00 2.240E+02 1.504E−05 0.000E+00 4.951E+00 2.020E−01 5.093E+02 5.093E+02 4.900E−01 6.088E+01 8.000E+00 2.560E+02 1.719E−05 0.000E+00 5.333E+00 1.875E−01 5.223E+02 5.223E+02 5.519E−01 5.937E+01 9.000E+00 2.880E+02 1.934E−05 0.000E+00 5.700E+00 1.754E−01 5.363E+02 5.363E+02 6.120E−01 5.809E+01 1.000E+01 3.200E+02 2.149E−05 0.000E+00 6.055E+00 1.651E−01 5.511E+02 5.511E+02 6.706E−01 5.701E+01 1.500E+01 4.800E+02 3.223E−05 0.000E+00 7.271E+00 1.375E−01 6.149E+02 6.149E+02 9.425E−01 5.325E+01 2.000E+01 6.400E+02 4.298E−05 0.000E+00 8.227E+00 1.216E−01 6.865E+02 6.865E+02 1.186E+00 5.095E+01 3.000E+01 9.600E+02 6.447E−05 0.000E+00 9.128E+00 1.096E−01 7.950E+02 7.950E+02 1.613E+00 4.814E+01 4.000E+01 1.280E+03 8.595E−05 0.000E+00 9.582E+00 1.044E−01 9.080E+02 9.080E+02 1.984E+00 4.642E+01 5.000E+01 1.600E+03 1.074E−04 0.000E+00 9.699E+00 1.031E−01 1.002E+03 9.804E+02 2.317E+00 4.522E+01 6.000E+01 1.920E+03 1.289E−04 0.000E+00 9.676E+00 1.033E−01 1.070E+03 1.009E+03 2.621E+00 4.432E+01 7.000E+01 2.240E+03 1.504E−04 0.000E+00 9.533E+00 1.049E−01 1.165E+03 1.052E+03 2.904E+00 4.361E+01 8.000E+01 2.560E+03 1.719E−04 0.000E+00 9.377E+00 1.066E−01 1.231E+03 1.085E+03 3.170E+00 4.303E+01 9.000E+01 2.880E+03 1.934E−04 0.000E+00 9.189E+00 1.088E−01 1.296E+03 1.118E+03 3.421E+00 4.255E+01 1.000E+02 3.200E+03 2.149E−04 0.000E+00 8.977E+00 1.114E−01 1.360E+03 1.153E+03 3.661E+00 4.213E+01 1.500E+02 4.800E+03 3.223E−04 0.000E+00 9.002E+00 1.111E−01 1.595E+03 1.288E+03 4.729E+00 4.070E+01 2.000E+02 6.400E+03 4.297E−04 0.000E+00 9.405E+00 1.063E−01 1.810E+03 1.418E+03 5.658E+00 3.983E+01 3.000E+02 9.600E+03 6.444E−04 0.000E+00 9.746E+00 1.026E−01 2.073E+03 1.580E+03 7.285E+00 3.876E+01 4.000E+02 1.280E+04 8.590E−04 0.000E+00 9.855E+00 1.015E−01 2.280E+03 1.703E+03 8.740E+00 3.810E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R W eV

4.000E+02 1.280E+04 8.590E−04 0.000E+00 9.855E+00 1.015E−01 2.280E+03 1.703E+03 8.740E+00 3.810E+01 5.000E+02 1.600E+04 1.074E−03 0.000E+00 9.789E+00 1.022E−01 2.405E+03 1.767E+03 1.010E+01 3.764E+01 6.000E+02 1.920E+04 1.288E−03 0.000E+00 9.662E+00 1.035E−01 2.469E+03 1.791E+03 1.141E+01 3.730E+01 7.000E+02 2.240E+04 1.503E−03 0.000E+00 9.374E+00 1.067E−01 2.519E+03 1.790E+03 1.268E+01 3.703E+01 8.000E+02 2.560E+04 1.717E−03 4.836E+04 9.093E+00 1.100E−01 2.524E+03 1.761E+03 1.395E+01 3.681E+01 9.000E+02 2.880E+04 1.931E−03 4.619E+04 8.759E+00 1.142E−01 2.505E+03 1.711E+03 1.523E+01 3.663E+01 1.000E+03 3.200E+04 2.146E−03 4.414E+04 8.429E+00 1.186E−01 2.479E+03 1.656E+03 1.651E+01 3.647E+01 1.500E+03 4.800E+04 3.216E−03 3.726E+04 7.240E+00 1.381E−01 2.340E+03 1.416E+03 2.317E+01 3.592E+01 2.000E+03 6.400E+04 4.284E−03 3.171E+04 6.211E+00 1.610E−01 2.168E+03 1.176E+03 3.032E+01 3.559E+01 3.000E+03 9.600E+04 6.416E−03 2.559E+04 5.029E+00 1.989E−01 1.917E+03 1.030E+03 4.617E+01 3.518E+01 4.000E+03 1.280E+05 8.541E−03 2.094E+04 4.110E+00 2.433E−01 1.683E+03 8.996E+02 6.419E+01 3.493E+01 5.000E+03 1.600E+05 1.066E−02 1.795E+04 3.513E+00 2.847E−01 1.511E+03 8.056E+02 8.434E+01 3.476E+01 6.000E+03 1.920E+05 1.277E−02 1.615E+04 3.151E+00 3.173E−01 1.400E+03 7.452E+02 1.066E+02 3.463E+01 7.000E+03 2.240E+05 1.487E−02 1.464E+04 2.847E+00 3.513E−01 1.301E+03 6.918E+02 1.310E+02 3.453E+01 8.000E+03 2.560E+05 1.697E−02 1.276E+04 2.468E+00 4.052E−01 1.171E+03 6.224E+02 1.574E+02 3.444E+01 9.000E+03 2.880E+05 1.906E−02 1.165E+04 2.246E+00 4.453E−01 1.091E+03 5.799E+02 1.859E+02 3.437E+01 1.000E+04 3.200E+05 2.115E−02 1.067E+04 2.049E+00 4.880E−01 1.017E+03 5.412E+02 2.165E+02 3.431E+01 1.500E+04 4.800E+05 3.147E−02 7.825E+03 1.479E+00 6.764E−01 7.891E+02 4.214E+02 3.993E+02 3.411E+01 2.000E+04 6.400E+05 4.163E−02 5.940E+03 1.103E+00 9.064E−01 6.243E+02 3.355E+02 6.318E+02 3.398E+01 3.000E+04 9.600E+05 6.148E−02 4.231E+03 7.658E−01 1.306E+00 4.631E+02 2.520E+02 1.244E+03 3.382E+01 4.000E+04 1.280E+06 8.072E−02 3.162E+03 5.569E−01 1.796E+00 3.553E+02 1.965E+02 2.052E+03 3.373E+01 5.000E+04 1.600E+06 9.937E−02 2.568E+03 4.569E−01 2.188E+00 3.026E+02 1.642E+02 3.023E+03 3.366E+01

3.361E+01 7.000E+04 2.240E+06 1.350E−01 1.986E+03 3.515E−01 2.845E+00 2.435E+02 1.315E+02 5.458E+03 3.357E+01 8.000E+04 2.560E+06 1.520E−01 1.689E+03 2.983E−01 3.352E+00 2.126E+02 1.142E+02 6.898E+03 3.354E+01 9.000E+04 2.880E+06 1.686E−01 1.525E+03 2.691E−01 3.716E+00 1.953E+02 1.045E+02 8.476E+03 3.352E+01 1.000E+05 3.200E+06 1.846E−01 1.387E+03 2.445E−01 4.089E+00 1.804E+02 9.620E+01 1.019E+04 3.349E+01 1.500E+05 4.800E+06 2.583E−01 1.015E+03 1.788E−01 5.591E+00 1.395E+02 7.327E+01 2.052E+04 3.341E+01 2.000E+05 6.400E+06 3.225E−01 7.942E+02 1.399E−01 7.147E+00 1.143E+02 5.918E+01 3.341E+04 3.337E+01 3.000E+05 9.600E+06 4.281E−01 6.099E+02 1.073E−01 9.320E+00 9.246E+01 4.712E+01 6.518E+04 3.331E+01 4.000E+05 1.280E+07 5.108E−01 5.013E+02 8.786E−02 1.138E+01 7.916E+01 3.990E+01 1.031E+05 3.327E+01 5.000E+05 1.600E+07 5.768E−01 4.566E+02 7.974E−02 1.254E+01 7.358E+01 3.693E+01 1.456E+05 3.324E+01 6.000E+05 1.920E+07 6.303E−01 4.119E+02 7.151E−02 1.398E+01 6.792E+01 3.398E+01 1.917E+05 3.323E+01 7.000E+05 2.240E+07 6.743E−01 3.877E+02 6.699E−02 1.493E+01 6.484E+01 3.242E+01 2.407E+05 3.321E+01 8.000E+05 2.560E+07 7.108E−01 3.602E+02 6.175E−02 1.619E+01 6.133E+01 3.068E+01 2.918E+05 3.320E+01 9.000E+05 2.880E+07 7.416E−01 3.454E+02 5.887E−02 1.699E+01 5.944E+01 2.978E+01 3.449E+05 3.319E+01 1.000E+06 3.200E+07 7.676E−01 3.394E+02 5.767E−02 1.734E+01 5.866E+01 2.943E+01 3.995E+05 3.318E+01

(b) Equilibrium Values

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

1.000E−01 3.200E+00 6.865E−02 1.457E+01 2.290E+02 2.560E+02 1.179E−01 2.290E+02 2.560E+02 1.179E−01 1.552E−02 1.500E−01 4.800E+00 1.005E−01 9.952E+00 2.583E+02 2.863E+02 1.083E−01 2.583E+02 2.863E+02 1.083E−01 2.014E−02 2.000E−01 6.400E+00 1.318E−01 7.589E+00 2.796E+02 3.075E+02 9.985E−02 2.796E+02 3.075E+02 9.985E−02 2.445E−02 3.000E−01 9.600E+00 1.930E−01 5.181E+00 3.096E+02 3.363E+02 8.638E−02 3.096E+02 3.363E+02 8.638E−02 3.258E−02 4.000E−01 1.280E+01 2.527E−01 3.957E+00 3.302E+02 3.554E+02 7.623E−02 3.302E+02 3.554E+02 7.623E−02 4.035E−02 5.000E−01 1.600E+01 3.112E−01 3.214E+00 3.455E+02 3.690E+02 6.827E−02 3.455E+02 3.690E+02 6.827E−02 4.790E−02 6.000E−01 1.920E+01 3.684E−01 2.715E+00 3.573E+02 3.794E+02 6.183E−02 3.573E+02 3.794E+02 6.183E−02 5.532E−02 7.000E−01 2.240E+01 4.245E−01 2.355E+00 3.668E+02 3.875E+02 5.652E−02 3.668E+02 3.875E+02 5.652E−02 6.266E−02 8.000E−01 2.560E+01 4.797E−01 2.085E+00 3.746E+02 3.941E+02 5.204E−02 3.746E+02 3.941E+02 5.204E−02 6.993E−02 9.000E−01 2.880E+01 5.339E−01 1.873E+00 3.811E+02 3.995E+02 4.821E−02 3.811E+02 3.995E+02 4.821E−02 7.716E−02 1.000E+00 3.200E+01 5.872E−01 1.703E+00 3.866E+02 4.040E+02 4.491E−02 3.866E+02 4.040E+02 4.491E−02 8.436E−02 1.500E+00 4.800E+01 8.416E−01 1.188E+00 4.052E+02 4.187E+02 3.342E−02 4.052E+02 4.187E+02 3.342E−02 1.201E−01 2.000E+00 6.400E+01 1.078E+00 9.273E−01 4.160E+02 4.270E+02 2.665E−02 4.160E+02 4.270E+02 2.665E−02 1.555E−01 3.000E+00 9.600E+01 1.509E+00 6.628E−01 4.288E+02 4.371E+02 1.923E−02 4.288E+02 4.371E+02 1.923E−02 2.255E−01 4.000E+00 1.280E+02 1.892E+00 5.285E−01 4.376E+02 4.443E+02 1.544E−02 4.376E+02 4.443E+02 1.544E−02 2.941E−01 5.000E+00 1.600E+02 2.237E+00 4.469E−01 4.450E+02 4.509E+02 1.336E−02 4.450E+02 4.509E+02 1.336E−02 3.611E−01 6.000E+00 1.920E+02 2.551E+00 3.919E−01 4.519E+02 4.574E+02 1.225E−02 4.519E+02 4.574E+02 1.225E−02 4.265E−01 7.000E+00 2.240E+02 2.839E+00 3.523E−01 4.586E+02 4.640E+02 1.178E−02 4.586E+02 4.640E+02 1.178E−02 4.900E−01 8.000E+00 2.560E+02 3.103E+00 3.223E−01 4.652E+02 4.706E+02 1.176E−02 4.652E+02 4.706E+02 1.176E−02 5.519E−01 9.000E+00 2.880E+02 3.347E+00 2.987E−01 4.717E+02 4.774E+02 1.207E−02 4.717E+02 4.774E+02 1.207E−02 6.120E−01 1.000E+01 3.200E+02 3.574E+00 2.798E−01 4.782E+02 4.843E+02 1.264E−02 4.782E+02 4.843E+02 1.264E−02 6.706E−01 1.500E+01 4.800E+02 4.505E+00 2.220E−01 5.100E+02 5.191E+02 1.789E−02 5.100E+02 5.191E+02 1.789E−02 9.425E−01 2.000E+01 6.400E+02 5.196E+00 1.925E−01 5.402E+02 5.537E+02 2.498E−02 5.402E+02 5.537E+02 2.498E−02 1.186E+00 3.000E+01 9.600E+02 6.149E+00 1.626E−01 5.958E+02 6.196E+02 4.004E−02 5.958E+02 6.196E+02 4.004E−02 1.613E+00 4.000E+01 1.280E+03 6.764E+00 1.479E−01 6.456E+02 6.805E+02 5.395E−02 6.456E+02 6.805E+02 5.395E−02 1.984E+00 5.000E+01 1.600E+03 7.181E+00 1.393E−01 6.909E+02 7.366E+02 6.611E−02 6.903E+02 7.356E+02 6.550E−02 2.317E+00 6.000E+01 1.920E+03 7.473E+00 1.338E−01 7.327E+02 7.888E+02 7.666E−02 7.264E+02 7.779E+02 7.097E−02 2.621E+00 7.000E+01 2.240E+03 7.680E+00 1.302E−01 7.714E+02 8.376E+02 8.579E−02 7.565E+02 8.123E+02 7.375E−02 2.904E+00 8.000E+01 2.560E+03 7.828E+00 1.277E−01 8.077E+02 8.834E+02 9.378E−02 7.829E+02 8.421E+02 7.552E−02 3.170E+00 9.000E+01 2.880E+03 7.933E+00 1.261E−01 8.419E+02 9.267E+02 1.007E−01 8.067E+02 8.687E+02 7.684E−02 3.421E+00 1.000E+02 3.200E+03 8.007E+00 1.249E−01 8.742E+02 9.676E+02 1.068E−01 8.285E+02 8.931E+02 7.798E−02 3.661E+00 1.500E+02 4.800E+03 8.196E+00 1.220E−01 1.015E+03 1.145E+03 1.283E−01 9.194E+02 9.956E+02 8.293E−02 4.729E+00 2.000E+02 6.400E+03 8.369E+00 1.195E−01 1.131E+03 1.290E+03 1.405E−01 9.925E+02 1.079E+03 8.730E−02 5.658E+00 3.000E+02 9.600E+03 8.649E+00 1.156E−01 1.318E+03 1.517E+03 1.509E−01 1.109E+03 1.213E+03 9.316E−02 7.285E+00 4.000E+02 1.280E+04 8.846E+00 1.130E−01 1.465E+03 1.688E+03 1.523E−01 1.200E+03 1.314E+03 9.521E−02 8.740E+00

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

4.000E+02 1.280E+04 8.846E+00 1.130E−01 1.465E+03 1.688E+03 1.523E−01 1.200E+03 1.314E+03 9.521E−02 8.740E+00 5.000E+02 1.600E+04 8.978E+00 1.114E−01 1.584E+03 1.821E+03 1.493E−01 1.273E+03 1.393E+03 9.430E−02 1.010E+01 6.000E+02 1.920E+04 9.062E+00 1.104E−01 1.683E+03 1.925E+03 1.439E−01 1.332E+03 1.453E+03 9.129E−02 1.141E+01 7.000E+02 2.240E+04 9.106E+00 1.098E−01 1.766E+03 2.008E+03 1.372E−01 1.378E+03 1.498E+03 8.686E−02 1.268E+01 8.000E+02 2.560E+04 9.117E+00 1.097E−01 1.835E+03 2.073E+03 1.296E−01 1.415E+03 1.530E+03 8.152E−02 1.395E+01 9.000E+02 2.880E+04 9.098E+00 1.099E−01 1.892E+03 2.122E+03 1.216E−01 1.441E+03 1.550E+03 7.569E−02 1.523E+01 1.000E+03 3.200E+04 9.056E+00 1.104E−01 1.938E+03 2.159E+03 1.137E−01 1.460E+03 1.562E+03 6.995E−02 1.651E+01 1.500E+03 4.800E+04 8.674E+00 1.153E−01 2.072E+03 2.240E+03 8.095E−02 1.477E+03 1.550E+03 4.943E−02 2.317E+01 2.000E+03 6.400E+04 8.188E+00 1.221E−01 2.111E+03 2.241E+03 6.136E−02 1.427E+03 1.492E+03 4.521E−02 3.032E+01 3.000E+03 9.600E+04 7.262E+00 1.377E−01 2.080E+03 2.168E+03 4.217E−02 1.311E+03 1.377E+03 5.033E−02 4.617E+01 4.000E+03 1.280E+05 6.479E+00 1.544E−01 1.995E+03 2.071E+03 3.783E−02 1.211E+03 1.284E+03 6.042E−02 6.419E+01 5.000E+03 1.600E+05 5.834E+00 1.714E−01 1.898E+03 1.974E+03 4.018E−02 1.124E+03 1.205E+03 7.230E−02 8.434E+01 6.000E+03 1.920E+05 5.297E+00 1.888E−01 1.802E+03 1.885E+03 4.629E−02 1.049E+03 1.138E+03 8.515E−02 1.066E+02 7.000E+03 2.240E+05 4.849E+00 2.062E−01 1.711E+03 1.804E+03 5.404E−02 9.839E+02 1.080E+03 9.789E−02 1.310E+02 8.000E+03 2.560E+05 4.469E+00 2.238E−01 1.627E+03 1.730E+03 6.288E−02 9.268E+02 1.029E+03 1.105E−01 1.574E+02 9.000E+03 2.880E+05 4.142E+00 2.414E−01 1.550E+03 1.662E+03 7.245E−02 8.763E+02 9.842E+02 1.231E−01 1.859E+02 1.000E+04 3.200E+05 3.859E+00 2.591E−01 1.479E+03 1.601E+03 8.212E−02 8.315E+02 9.439E+02 1.352E−01 2.165E+02 1.500E+04 4.800E+05 2.867E+00 3.488E−01 1.203E+03 1.361E+03 1.311E−01 6.646E+02 7.913E+02 1.906E−01 3.993E+02 2.000E+04 6.400E+05 2.271E+00 4.403E−01 1.014E+03 1.193E+03 1.770E−01 5.559E+02 6.884E+02 2.384E−01 6.318E+02 3.000E+04 9.600E+05 1.590E+00 6.288E−01 7.722E+02 9.713E+02 2.579E−01 4.215E+02 5.550E+02 3.168E−01 1.244E+03 4.000E+04 1.280E+06 1.215E+00 8.231E−01 6.245E+02 8.281E+02 3.260E−01 3.414E+02 4.706E+02 3.785E−01 2.052E+03 5.000E+04 1.600E+06 9.872E−01 1.013E+00 5.296E+02 7.286E+02 3.756E−01 2.891E+02 4.127E+02 4.273E−01 3.023E+03 6.000E+04 1.920E+06 8.313E−01 1.203E+00 4.616E+02 6.539E+02 4.167E−01 2.517E+02 3.695E+02 4.682E−01 4.165E+03 7.000E+04 2.240E+06 7.193E−01 1.390E+00 4.109E+02 5.959E+02 4.502E−01 2.238E+02 3.361E+02 5.021E−01 5.458E+03 8.000E+04 2.560E+06 6.350E−01 1.575E+00 3.716E+02 5.492E+02 4.781E−01 2.021E+02 3.093E+02 5.309E−01 6.898E+03 9.000E+04 2.880E+06 5.693E−01 1.757E+00 3.402E+02 5.107E+02 5.014E−01 1.847E+02 2.873E+02 5.557E−01 8.476E+03 1.000E+05 3.200E+06 5.166E−01 1.936E+00 3.145E+02 4.784E+02 5.212E−01 1.705E+02 2.689E+02 5.772E−01 1.019E+04 1.500E+05 4.800E+06 3.589E−01 2.786E+00 2.342E+02 3.709E+02 5.841E−01 1.259E+02 2.078E+02 6.507E−01 2.052E+04 2.000E+05 6.400E+06 2.803E−01 3.567E+00 1.918E+02 3.093E+02 6.130E−01 1.023E+02 1.729E+02 6.901E−01 3.341E+04 3.000E+05 9.600E+06 2.020E−01 4.951E+00 1.474E+02 2.400E+02 6.279E−01 7.763E+01 1.336E+02 7.215E−01 6.518E+04 4.000E+05 1.280E+07 1.628E−01 6.141E+00 1.243E+02 2.011E+02 6.187E−01 6.480E+01 1.116E+02 7.221E−01 1.031E+05 5.000E+05 1.600E+07 1.393E−01 7.179E+00 1.099E+02 1.760E+02 6.005E−01 5.693E+01 9.729E+01 7.091E−01 1.456E+05 6.000E+05 1.920E+07 1.235E−01 8.096E+00 1.002E+02 1.582E+02 5.790E−01 5.159E+01 8.716E+01 6.893E−01 1.917E+05 7.000E+05 2.240E+07 1.122E−01 8.912E+00 9.313E+01 1.450E+02 5.566E−01 4.776E+01 7.958E+01 6.663E−01 2.407E+05 8.000E+05 2.560E+07 1.037E−01 9.646E+00 8.777E+01 1.347E+02 5.344E−01 4.486E+01 7.368E+01 6.422E−01 2.918E+05 9.000E+05 2.880E+07 9.699E−02 1.031E+01 8.354E+01 1.264E+02 5.131E−01 4.261E+01 6.893E+01 6.178E−01 3.449E+05 1.000E+06 3.200E+07 9.161E−02 1.092E+01 8.014E+01 1.196E+02 4.928E−01 4.081E+01 6.504E+01 5.939E−01 3.995E+05

ARGON−40 IONS: A=40 Z=18 (a) Instantaneous Data

∆M=−35.04027 MeV Mc2=3.7225E+04 MeV

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

1.000E−01 4.000E+00 2.149E−07 0.000E+00 1.579E−01 6.333E+00 3.735E+02 3.735E+02 1.702E−02 2.125E+02 1.500E−01 6.000E+00 3.224E−07 0.000E+00 2.225E−01 4.495E+00 4.069E+02 4.069E+02 2.209E−02 1.845E+02 2.000E−01 8.000E+00 4.298E−07 0.000E+00 2.962E−01 3.376E+00 4.329E+02 4.329E+02 2.681E−02 1.673E+02 3.000E−01 1.200E+01 6.447E−07 0.000E+00 4.141E−01 2.415E+00 4.602E+02 4.602E+02 3.570E−02 1.464E+02 4.000E−01 1.600E+01 8.596E−07 0.000E+00 5.471E−01 1.828E+00 4.793E+02 4.793E+02 4.416E−02 1.335E+02 5.000E−01 2.000E+01 1.075E−06 0.000E+00 6.663E−01 1.501E+00 4.906E+02 4.906E+02 5.239E−02 1.246E+02 6.000E−01 2.400E+01 1.289E−06 0.000E+00 7.573E−01 1.320E+00 4.968E+02 4.968E+02 6.046E−02 1.179E+02 7.000E−01 2.800E+01 1.504E−06 0.000E+00 8.924E−01 1.121E+00 5.034E+02 5.034E+02 6.844E−02 1.126E+02 8.000E−01 3.200E+01 1.719E−06 0.000E+00 9.912E−01 1.009E+00 5.070E+02 5.070E+02 7.635E−02 1.083E+02

1.046E+02 1.000E+00 4.000E+01 2.149E−06 0.000E+00 1.198E+00 8.347E−01 5.119E+02 5.119E+02 9.204E−02 1.016E+02 1.500E+00 6.000E+01 3.224E−06 0.000E+00 1.628E+00 6.141E−01 5.169E+02 5.169E+02 1.309E−01 9.090E+01 2.000E+00 8.000E+01 4.298E−06 0.000E+00 2.093E+00 4.777E−01 5.198E+02 5.198E+02 1.694E−01 8.437E+01 3.000E+00 1.200E+02 6.447E−06 0.000E+00 2.788E+00 3.586E−01 5.250E+02 5.250E+02 2.459E−01 7.639E+01 4.000E+00 1.600E+02 8.596E−06 0.000E+00 3.511E+00 2.848E−01 5.341E+02 5.341E+02 3.214E−01 7.150E+01 5.000E+00 2.000E+02 1.075E−05 0.000E+00 4.109E+00 2.434E−01 5.450E+02 5.450E+02 3.955E−01 6.810E+01 6.000E+00 2.400E+02 1.289E−05 0.000E+00 4.536E+00 2.204E−01 5.547E+02 5.547E+02 4.680E−01 6.554E+01 7.000E+00 2.800E+02 1.504E−05 0.000E+00 5.128E+00 1.950E−01 5.709E+02 5.709E+02 5.388E−01 6.353E+01 8.000E+00 3.200E+02 1.719E−05 0.000E+00 5.531E+00 1.808E−01 5.838E+02 5.838E+02 6.079E−01 6.189E+01 9.000E+00 3.600E+02 1.934E−05 0.000E+00 5.920E+00 1.689E−01 5.977E+02 5.977E+02 6.754E−01 6.051E+01 1.000E+01 4.000E+02 2.149E−05 0.000E+00 6.297E+00 1.588E−01 6.127E+02 6.127E+02 7.413E−01 5.934E+01 1.500E+01 6.000E+02 3.224E−05 0.000E+00 7.598E+00 1.316E−01 6.783E+02 6.783E+02 1.049E+00 5.528E+01 2.000E+01 8.000E+02 4.298E−05 0.000E+00 8.633E+00 1.158E−01 7.531E+02 7.531E+02 1.326E+00 5.279E+01 3.000E+01 1.200E+03 6.447E−05 0.000E+00 9.629E+00 1.039E−01 8.678E+02 8.678E+02 1.814E+00 4.975E+01 4.000E+01 1.600E+03 8.596E−05 0.000E+00 1.015E+01 9.849E−02 9.889E+02 9.889E+02 2.241E+00 4.789E+01 5.000E+01 2.000E+03 1.074E−04 0.000E+00 1.031E+01 9.701E−02 1.090E+03 1.064E+03 2.624E+00 4.660E+01 6.000E+01 2.400E+03 1.289E−04 0.000E+00 1.030E+01 9.705E−02 1.163E+03 1.093E+03 2.975E+00 4.562E+01 7.000E+01 2.800E+03 1.504E−04 0.000E+00 1.018E+01 9.826E−02 1.266E+03 1.139E+03 3.301E+00 4.486E+01 8.000E+01 3.200E+03 1.719E−04 0.000E+00 1.003E+01 9.974E−02 1.337E+03 1.173E+03 3.607E+00 4.423E+01 9.000E+01 3.600E+03 1.934E−04 0.000E+00 9.840E+00 1.016E−01 1.408E+03 1.209E+03 3.897E+00 4.371E+01 1.000E+02 4.000E+03 2.149E−04 0.000E+00 9.626E+00 1.039E−01 1.478E+03 1.246E+03 4.173E+00 4.326E+01 1.500E+02 6.000E+03 3.223E−04 0.000E+00 9.712E+00 1.030E−01 1.736E+03 1.392E+03 5.403E+00 4.172E+01 2.000E+02 8.000E+03 4.297E−04 0.000E+00 1.019E+01 9.817E−02 1.975E+03 1.537E+03 6.461E+00 4.077E+01 3.000E+02 1.200E+04 6.444E−04 0.000E+00 1.062E+01 9.420E−02 2.271E+03 1.721E+03 8.332E+00 3.961E+01 4.000E+02 1.600E+04 8.591E−04 0.000E+00 1.080E+01 9.256E−02 2.513E+03 1.868E+03 9.988E+00 3.890E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

4.000E+02 1.600E+04 8.591E−04 0.000E+00 1.080E+01 9.256E−02 2.513E+03 1.868E+03 9.988E+00 3.890E+01 5.000E+02 2.000E+04 1.074E−03 0.000E+00 1.080E+01 9.262E−02 2.665E+03 1.953E+03 1.153E+01 3.841E+01 6.000E+02 2.400E+04 1.288E−03 0.000E+00 1.071E+01 9.339E−02 2.748E+03 1.992E+03 1.300E+01 3.804E+01 7.000E+02 2.800E+04 1.503E−03 0.000E+00 1.056E+01 9.471E−02 2.807E+03 2.010E+03 1.443E+01 3.775E+01 8.000E+02 3.200E+04 1.717E−03 0.000E+00 1.023E+01 9.773E−02 2.851E+03 2.000E+03 1.584E+01 3.751E+01 9.000E+02 3.600E+04 1.931E−03 5.244E+04 9.923E+00 1.008E−01 2.848E+03 1.963E+03 1.722E+01 3.731E+01 1.000E+03 4.000E+04 2.146E−03 5.028E+04 9.583E+00 1.044E−01 2.829E+03 1.910E+03 1.865E+01 3.714E+01 1.500E+03 6.000E+04 3.216E−03 4.296E+04 8.333E+00 1.200E−01 2.702E+03 1.671E+03 2.589E+01 3.655E+01 2.000E+03 8.000E+04 4.284E−03 3.694E+04 7.223E+00 1.384E−01 2.529E+03 1.404E+03 3.357E+01 3.619E+01 3.000E+03 1.200E+05 6.416E−03 3.018E+04 5.922E+00 1.689E−01 2.263E+03 1.216E+03 5.042E+01 3.575E+01 4.000E+03 1.600E+05 8.541E−03 2.495E+04 4.889E+00 2.045E−01 2.006E+03 1.072E+03 6.935E+01 3.548E+01 5.000E+03 2.000E+05 1.066E−02 2.153E+04 4.207E+00 2.377E−01 1.814E+03 9.669E+02 9.037E+01 3.529E+01 6.000E+03 2.400E+05 1.277E−02 1.946E+04 3.791E+00 2.638E−01 1.687E+03 8.981E+02 1.135E+02 3.515E+01 7.000E+03 2.800E+05 1.488E−02 1.770E+04 3.437E+00 2.909E−01 1.574E+03 8.370E+02 1.386E+02 3.504E+01 8.000E+03 3.200E+05 1.697E−02 1.550E+04 2.995E+00 3.339E−01 1.423E+03 7.567E+02 1.658E+02 3.495E+01 9.000E+03 3.600E+05 1.906E−02 1.420E+04 2.733E+00 3.659E−01 1.330E+03 7.071E+02 1.949E+02 3.488E+01 1.000E+04 4.000E+05 2.115E−02 1.304E+04 2.501E+00 3.998E−01 1.244E+03 6.618E+02 2.261E+02 3.481E+01 1.500E+04 6.000E+05 3.147E−02 9.651E+03 1.822E+00 5.490E−01 9.739E+02 5.200E+02 4.115E+02 3.459E+01 2.000E+04 8.000E+05 4.164E−02 7.381E+03 1.369E+00 7.303E−01 7.761E+02 4.171E+02 6.452E+02 3.445E+01 3.000E+04 1.200E+06 6.148E−02 5.295E+03 9.574E−01 1.045E+00 5.798E+02 3.156E+02 1.257E+03 3.428E+01 4.000E+04 1.600E+06 8.072E−02 3.972E+03 6.989E−01 1.431E+00 4.465E+02 2.470E+02 2.058E+03 3.418E+01 5.000E+04 2.000E+06 9.938E−02 3.405E+03 6.064E−01 1.649E+00 3.983E+02 2.163E+02 3.023E+03 3.411E+01

3.405E+01 7.000E+04 2.800E+06 1.350E−01 2.502E+03 4.425E−01 2.260E+00 3.069E+02 1.657E+02 5.429E+03 3.401E+01 8.000E+04 3.200E+06 1.521E−01 2.129E+03 3.757E−01 2.662E+00 2.681E+02 1.440E+02 6.852E+03 3.398E+01 9.000E+04 3.600E+06 1.686E−01 1.923E+03 3.391E−01 2.949E+00 2.463E+02 1.318E+02 8.412E+03 3.395E+01 1.000E+05 4.000E+06 1.846E−01 1.838E+03 3.239E−01 3.087E+00 2.372E+02 1.267E+02 1.010E+04 3.392E+01 1.500E+05 6.000E+06 2.584E−01 1.280E+03 2.255E−01 4.435E+00 1.761E+02 9.247E+01 2.031E+04 3.384E+01 2.000E+05 8.000E+06 3.225E−01 1.046E+03 1.843E−01 5.427E+00 1.494E+02 7.756E+01 3.304E+04 3.379E+01 3.000E+05 1.200E+07 4.281E−01 7.698E+02 1.354E−01 7.387E+00 1.168E+02 5.950E+01 6.442E+04 3.372E+01 4.000E+05 1.600E+07 5.109E−01 6.547E+02 1.148E−01 8.712E+00 1.027E+02 5.185E+01 1.019E+05 3.368E+01 5.000E+05 2.000E+07 5.768E−01 5.766E+02 1.007E−01 9.935E+00 9.297E+01 4.666E+01 1.439E+05 3.366E+01 6.000E+05 2.400E+07 6.303E−01 5.203E+02 9.029E−02 1.108E+01 8.584E+01 4.295E+01 1.894E+05 3.364E+01 7.000E+05 2.800E+07 6.743E−01 4.898E+02 8.459E−02 1.182E+01 8.196E+01 4.097E+01 2.378E+05 3.362E+01 8.000E+05 3.200E+07 7.108E−01 4.654E+02 7.995E−02 1.251E+01 7.884E+01 3.943E+01 2.883E+05 3.361E+01 9.000E+05 3.600E+07 7.416E−01 4.455E+02 7.610E−02 1.314E+01 7.629E+01 3.820E+01 3.407E+05 3.360E+01 1.000E+06 4.000E+07 7.676E−01 4.290E+02 7.284E−02 1.373E+01 7.417E+01 3.721E+01 3.946E+05 3.359E+01

(b) Equilibrium Values

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

1.000E−01 4.000E+00 6.773E−02 1.477E+01 2.566E+02 2.896E+02 1.288E−01 2.566E+02 2.896E+02 1.288E−01 1.702E−02 1.500E−01 6.000E+00 9.947E−02 1.005E+01 2.906E+02 3.248E+02 1.177E−01 2.906E+02 3.248E+02 1.177E−01 2.209E−02 2.000E−01 8.000E+00 1.308E−01 7.648E+00 3.154E+02 3.495E+02 1.082E−01 3.154E+02 3.495E+02 1.082E−01 2.681E−02 3.000E−01 1.200E+01 1.921E−01 5.204E+00 3.505E+02 3.832E+02 9.346E−02 3.505E+02 3.832E+02 9.346E−02 3.570E−02 4.000E−01 1.600E+01 2.522E−01 3.965E+00 3.747E+02 4.056E+02 8.243E−02 3.747E+02 4.056E+02 8.243E−02 4.416E−02 5.000E−01 2.000E+01 3.110E−01 3.215E+00 3.928E+02 4.217E+02 7.383E−02 3.928E+02 4.217E+02 7.383E−02 5.239E−02 6.000E−01 2.400E+01 3.688E−01 2.712E+00 4.068E+02 4.340E+02 6.688E−02 4.068E+02 4.340E+02 6.688E−02 6.046E−02 7.000E−01 2.800E+01 4.256E−01 2.350E+00 4.181E+02 4.436E+02 6.115E−02 4.181E+02 4.436E+02 6.115E−02 6.844E−02 8.000E−01 3.200E+01 4.814E−01 2.077E+00 4.273E+02 4.514E+02 5.631E−02 4.273E+02 4.514E+02 5.631E−02 7.635E−02 9.000E−01 3.600E+01 5.364E−01 1.864E+00 4.351E+02 4.578E+02 5.218E−02 4.351E+02 4.578E+02 5.218E−02 8.421E−02 1.000E+00 4.000E+01 5.905E−01 1.693E+00 4.417E+02 4.631E+02 4.860E−02 4.417E+02 4.631E+02 4.860E−02 9.204E−02 1.500E+00 6.000E+01 8.498E−01 1.177E+00 4.637E+02 4.805E+02 3.613E−02 4.637E+02 4.805E+02 3.613E−02 1.309E−01 2.000E+00 8.000E+01 1.092E+00 9.154E−01 4.764E+02 4.900E+02 2.873E−02 4.764E+02 4.900E+02 2.873E−02 1.694E−01 3.000E+00 1.200E+02 1.536E+00 6.511E−01 4.909E+02 5.009E+02 2.050E−02 4.909E+02 5.009E+02 2.050E−02 2.459E−01 4.000E+00 1.600E+02 1.934E+00 5.172E−01 5.001E+02 5.082E+02 1.621E−02 5.001E+02 5.082E+02 1.621E−02 3.214E−01 5.000E+00 2.000E+02 2.294E+00 4.360E−01 5.076E+02 5.146E+02 1.372E−02 5.076E+02 5.146E+02 1.372E−02 3.955E−01 6.000E+00 2.400E+02 2.622E+00 3.813E−01 5.145E+02 5.208E+02 1.225E−02 5.145E+02 5.208E+02 1.225E−02 4.680E−01 7.000E+00 2.800E+02 2.924E+00 3.420E−01 5.211E+02 5.270E+02 1.143E−02 5.211E+02 5.270E+02 1.143E−02 5.388E−01 8.000E+00 3.200E+02 3.203E+00 3.122E−01 5.276E+02 5.335E+02 1.108E−02 5.276E+02 5.335E+02 1.108E−02 6.079E−01 9.000E+00 3.600E+02 3.461E+00 2.889E−01 5.341E+02 5.400E+02 1.106E−02 5.341E+02 5.400E+02 1.106E−02 6.754E−01 1.000E+01 4.000E+02 3.701E+00 2.702E−01 5.406E+02 5.467E+02 1.131E−02 5.406E+02 5.467E+02 1.131E−02 7.413E−01 1.500E+01 6.000E+02 4.692E+00 2.131E−01 5.728E+02 5.814E+02 1.506E−02 5.728E+02 5.814E+02 1.506E−02 1.049E+00 2.000E+01 8.000E+02 5.432E+00 1.841E−01 6.038E+02 6.165E+02 2.091E−02 6.038E+02 6.165E+02 2.091E−02 1.326E+00 3.000E+01 1.200E+03 6.460E+00 1.548E−01 6.618E+02 6.844E+02 3.426E−02 6.618E+02 6.844E+02 3.426E−02 1.814E+00 4.000E+01 1.600E+03 7.129E+00 1.403E−01 7.143E+02 7.480E+02 4.717E−02 7.143E+02 7.480E+02 4.717E−02 2.241E+00 5.000E+01 2.000E+03 7.586E+00 1.318E−01 7.625E+02 8.073E+02 5.875E−02 7.617E+02 8.060E+02 5.810E−02 2.624E+00 6.000E+01 2.400E+03 7.908E+00 1.265E−01 8.069E+02 8.626E+02 6.899E−02 7.997E+02 8.504E+02 6.335E−02 2.975E+00 7.000E+01 2.800E+03 8.139E+00 1.229E−01 8.483E+02 9.145E+02 7.799E−02 8.314E+02 8.864E+02 6.607E−02 3.301E+00 8.000E+01 3.200E+03 8.304E+00 1.204E−01 8.871E+02 9.634E+02 8.598E−02 8.591E+02 9.174E+02 6.788E−02 3.607E+00 9.000E+01 3.600E+03 8.425E+00 1.187E−01 9.238E+02 1.010E+03 9.297E−02 8.841E+02 9.453E+02 6.922E−02 3.897E+00 1.000E+02 4.000E+03 8.510E+00 1.175E−01 9.585E+02 1.054E+03 9.919E−02 9.070E+02 9.709E+02 7.044E−02 4.173E+00 1.500E+02 6.000E+03 8.740E+00 1.144E−01 1.110E+03 1.245E+03 1.216E−01 1.003E+03 1.079E+03 7.601E−02 5.403E+00 2.000E+02 8.000E+03 8.946E+00 1.118E−01 1.235E+03 1.402E+03 1.348E−01 1.080E+03 1.168E+03 8.111E−02 6.461E+00 3.000E+02 1.200E+04 9.283E+00 1.077E−01 1.440E+03 1.653E+03 1.475E−01 1.207E+03 1.314E+03 8.882E−02 8.332E+00 4.000E+02 1.600E+04 9.526E+00 1.050E−01 1.602E+03 1.843E+03 1.509E−01 1.307E+03 1.428E+03 9.269E−02 9.988E+00

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

4.000E+02 1.600E+04 9.526E+00 1.050E−01 1.602E+03 1.843E+03 1.509E−01 1.307E+03 1.428E+03 9.269E−02 9.988E+00 5.000E+02 2.000E+04 9.698E+00 1.031E−01 1.735E+03 1.994E+03 1.496E−01 1.388E+03 1.518E+03 9.350E−02 1.153E+01 6.000E+02 2.400E+04 9.816E+00 1.019E−01 1.846E+03 2.115E+03 1.458E−01 1.455E+03 1.589E+03 9.206E−02 1.300E+01 7.000E+02 2.800E+04 9.892E+00 1.011E−01 1.941E+03 2.213E+03 1.404E−01 1.510E+03 1.644E+03 8.900E−02 1.443E+01 8.000E+02 3.200E+04 9.933E+00 1.007E−01 2.021E+03 2.292E+03 1.341E−01 1.554E+03 1.686E+03 8.485E−02 1.584E+01 9.000E+02 3.600E+04 9.944E+00 1.006E−01 2.088E+03 2.353E+03 1.273E−01 1.589E+03 1.716E+03 8.005E−02 1.722E+01 1.000E+03 4.000E+04 9.928E+00 1.007E−01 2.145E+03 2.402E+03 1.200E−01 1.615E+03 1.736E+03 7.477E−02 1.865E+01 1.500E+03 6.000E+04 9.627E+00 1.039E−01 2.317E+03 2.522E+03 8.835E−02 1.660E+03 1.749E+03 5.341E−02 2.589E+01 2.000E+03 8.000E+04 9.184E+00 1.089E−01 2.383E+03 2.543E+03 6.708E−02 1.628E+03 1.701E+03 4.450E−02 3.357E+01 3.000E+03 1.200E+05 8.268E+00 1.209E−01 2.381E+03 2.488E+03 4.515E−02 1.512E+03 1.582E+03 4.640E−02 5.042E+01 4.000E+03 1.600E+05 7.461E+00 1.340E−01 2.308E+03 2.395E+03 3.776E−02 1.409E+03 1.484E+03 5.344E−02 6.935E+01 5.000E+03 2.000E+05 6.778E+00 1.475E−01 2.214E+03 2.297E+03 3.741E−02 1.318E+03 1.400E+03 6.269E−02 9.037E+01 6.000E+03 2.400E+05 6.199E+00 1.613E−01 2.116E+03 2.203E+03 4.120E−02 1.237E+03 1.328E+03 7.330E−02 1.135E+02 7.000E+03 2.800E+05 5.709E+00 1.751E−01 2.021E+03 2.116E+03 4.690E−02 1.166E+03 1.264E+03 8.405E−02 1.386E+02 8.000E+03 3.200E+05 5.288E+00 1.891E−01 1.931E+03 2.036E+03 5.402E−02 1.104E+03 1.208E+03 9.504E−02 1.658E+02 9.000E+03 3.600E+05 4.923E+00 2.031E−01 1.848E+03 1.962E+03 6.182E−02 1.048E+03 1.159E+03 1.059E−01 1.949E+02 1.000E+04 4.000E+05 4.604E+00 2.172E−01 1.770E+03 1.894E+03 7.011E−02 9.974E+02 1.114E+03 1.166E−01 2.261E+02 1.500E+04 6.000E+05 3.469E+00 2.883E−01 1.459E+03 1.625E+03 1.134E−01 8.074E+02 9.419E+02 1.665E−01 4.115E+02 2.000E+04 8.000E+05 2.774E+00 3.605E−01 1.241E+03 1.433E+03 1.550E−01 6.812E+02 8.243E+02 2.101E−01 6.452E+02 3.000E+04 1.200E+06 1.965E+00 5.088E−01 9.559E+02 1.175E+03 2.298E−01 5.222E+02 6.699E+02 2.829E−01 1.257E+03 4.000E+04 1.600E+06 1.512E+00 6.615E−01 7.782E+02 1.007E+03 2.940E−01 4.257E+02 5.709E+02 3.412E−01 2.058E+03 5.000E+04 2.000E+06 1.233E+00 8.113E−01 6.623E+02 8.887E+02 3.419E−01 3.618E+02 5.023E+02 3.884E−01 3.023E+03 6.000E+04 2.400E+06 1.041E+00 9.602E−01 5.790E+02 7.999E+02 3.816E−01 3.158E+02 4.510E+02 4.280E−01 4.150E+03 7.000E+04 2.800E+06 9.029E−01 1.108E+00 5.163E+02 7.304E+02 4.145E−01 2.813E+02 4.111E+02 4.615E−01 5.429E+03 8.000E+04 3.200E+06 7.981E−01 1.253E+00 4.676E+02 6.743E+02 4.421E−01 2.543E+02 3.790E+02 4.902E−01 6.852E+03 9.000E+04 3.600E+06 7.162E−01 1.396E+00 4.285E+02 6.279E+02 4.654E−01 2.327E+02 3.525E+02 5.149E−01 8.412E+03 1.000E+05 4.000E+06 6.505E−01 1.537E+00 3.964E+02 5.888E+02 4.853E−01 2.149E+02 3.303E+02 5.366E−01 1.010E+04 1.500E+05 6.000E+06 4.529E−01 2.208E+00 2.957E+02 4.583E+02 5.497E−01 1.590E+02 2.562E+02 6.114E−01 2.031E+04 2.000E+05 8.000E+06 3.540E−01 2.825E+00 2.424E+02 3.831E+02 5.806E−01 1.293E+02 2.137E+02 6.528E−01 3.304E+04 3.000E+05 1.200E+07 2.553E−01 3.917E+00 1.864E+02 2.981E+02 5.991E−01 9.819E+01 1.657E+02 6.875E−01 6.442E+04 4.000E+05 1.600E+07 2.059E−01 4.858E+00 1.572E+02 2.504E+02 5.928E−01 8.198E+01 1.386E+02 6.911E−01 1.019E+05 5.000E+05 2.000E+07 1.761E−01 5.678E+00 1.391E+02 2.194E+02 5.769E−01 7.203E+01 1.210E+02 6.805E−01 1.439E+05 6.000E+05 2.400E+07 1.562E−01 6.402E+00 1.268E+02 1.975E+02 5.574E−01 6.529E+01 1.086E+02 6.628E−01 1.894E+05 7.000E+05 2.800E+07 1.419E−01 7.048E+00 1.178E+02 1.811E+02 5.366E−01 6.043E+01 9.920E+01 6.416E−01 2.378E+05 8.000E+05 3.200E+07 1.311E−01 7.627E+00 1.111E+02 1.683E+02 5.159E−01 5.677E+01 9.192E+01 6.191E−01 2.883E+05 9.000E+05 3.600E+07 1.227E−01 8.152E+00 1.057E+02 1.581E+02 4.957E−01 5.392E+01 8.606E+01 5.961E−01 3.407E+05 1.000E+06 4.000E+07 1.159E−01 8.631E+00 1.014E+02 1.497E+02 4.765E−01 5.164E+01 8.125E+01 5.735E−01 3.946E+05

CALCIUM-40 IONS: A=40 Z=20 (a) Instantaneous Data

∆M=−34.84688 MeV Mc2=3.7225E+04 MeV

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

1.000E−01 4.000E+00 2.149E−07 0.000E+00 1.578E−01 6.336E+00 3.985E+02 3.985E+02 1.624E−02 2.257E+02 1.500E−01 6.000E+00 3.224E−07 0.000E+00 2.227E−01 4.491E+00 4.360E+02 4.360E+02 2.098E−02 1.957E+02 2.000E−01 8.000E+00 4.298E−07 0.000E+00 2.968E−01 3.369E+00 4.657E+02 4.657E+02 2.538E−02 1.773E+02 3.000E−01 1.200E+01 6.447E−07 0.000E+00 4.156E−01 2.406E+00 4.975E+02 4.975E+02 3.361E−02 1.548E+02 4.000E−01 1.600E+01 8.596E−07 0.000E+00 5.500E−01 1.818E+00 5.205E+02 5.205E+02 4.142E−02 1.411E+02 5.000E−01 2.000E+01 1.075E−06 0.000E+00 6.705E−01 1.491E+00 5.344E+02 5.344E+02 4.898E−02 1.315E+02 6.000E−01 2.400E+01 1.289E−06 0.000E+00 7.627E−01 1.311E+00 5.423E+02 5.423E+02 5.638E−02 1.243E+02 7.000E−01 2.800E+01 1.504E−06 0.000E+00 8.997E−01 1.112E+00 5.510E+02 5.510E+02 6.368E−02 1.186E+02 8.000E−01 3.200E+01 1.719E−06 0.000E+00 1.000E+00 9.999E−01 5.558E+02 5.558E+02 7.090E−02 1.140E+02

1.101E+02 1.000E+00 4.000E+01 2.149E−06 0.000E+00 1.210E+00 8.262E−01 5.628E+02 5.628E+02 8.518E−02 1.068E+02 1.500E+00 6.000E+01 3.224E−06 0.000E+00 1.649E+00 6.063E−01 5.705E+02 5.705E+02 1.204E−01 9.539E+01 2.000E+00 8.000E+01 4.298E−06 0.000E+00 2.125E+00 4.706E−01 5.750E+02 5.750E+02 1.553E−01 8.839E+01 3.000E+00 1.200E+02 6.447E−06 0.000E+00 2.839E+00 3.522E−01 5.811E+02 5.811E+02 2.244E−01 7.984E+01 4.000E+00 1.600E+02 8.596E−06 0.000E+00 3.585E+00 2.790E−01 5.905E+02 5.905E+02 2.926E−01 7.460E+01 5.000E+00 2.000E+02 1.075E−05 0.000E+00 4.204E+00 2.379E−01 6.014E+02 6.014E+02 3.597E−01 7.095E+01 6.000E+00 2.400E+02 1.289E−05 0.000E+00 4.648E+00 2.151E−01 6.111E+02 6.111E+02 4.255E−01 6.821E+01 7.000E+00 2.800E+02 1.504E−05 0.000E+00 5.265E+00 1.899E−01 6.274E+02 6.274E+02 4.898E−01 6.605E+01 8.000E+00 3.200E+02 1.719E−05 0.000E+00 5.687E+00 1.759E−01 6.404E+02 6.404E+02 5.528E−01 6.429E+01 9.000E+00 3.600E+02 1.934E−05 0.000E+00 6.095E+00 1.641E−01 6.545E+02 6.545E+02 6.144E−01 6.282E+01 1.000E+01 4.000E+02 2.149E−05 0.000E+00 6.491E+00 1.540E−01 6.698E+02 6.698E+02 6.746E−01 6.156E+01 1.500E+01 6.000E+02 3.224E−05 0.000E+00 7.870E+00 1.271E−01 7.373E+02 7.373E+02 9.569E−01 5.721E+01 2.000E+01 8.000E+02 4.298E−05 0.000E+00 8.980E+00 1.114E−01 8.150E+02 8.150E+02 1.213E+00 5.454E+01 3.000E+01 1.200E+03 6.447E−05 0.000E+00 1.007E+01 9.933E−02 9.355E+02 9.355E+02 1.665E+00 5.129E+01 4.000E+01 1.600E+03 8.596E−05 0.000E+00 1.066E+01 9.379E−02 1.063E+03 1.063E+03 2.061E+00 4.929E+01 5.000E+01 2.000E+03 1.074E−04 0.000E+00 1.086E+01 9.210E−02 1.170E+03 1.143E+03 2.418E+00 4.790E+01 6.000E+01 2.400E+03 1.289E−04 0.000E+00 1.088E+01 9.195E−02 1.248E+03 1.172E+03 2.745E+00 4.686E+01 7.000E+01 2.800E+03 1.504E−04 0.000E+00 1.077E+01 9.287E−02 1.358E+03 1.219E+03 3.048E+00 4.604E+01 8.000E+01 3.200E+03 1.719E−04 0.000E+00 1.063E+01 9.412E−02 1.435E+03 1.254E+03 3.334E+00 4.537E+01 9.000E+01 3.600E+03 1.934E−04 0.000E+00 1.044E+01 9.576E−02 1.511E+03 1.292E+03 3.604E+00 4.481E+01 1.000E+02 4.000E+03 2.149E−04 0.000E+00 1.023E+01 9.776E−02 1.586E+03 1.331E+03 3.861E+00 4.433E+01 1.500E+02 6.000E+03 3.223E−04 0.000E+00 1.036E+01 9.651E−02 1.866E+03 1.488E+03 5.006E+00 4.267E+01 2.000E+02 8.000E+03 4.297E−04 0.000E+00 1.091E+01 9.170E−02 2.127E+03 1.645E+03 5.998E+00 4.165E+01 3.000E+02 1.200E+04 6.444E−04 0.000E+00 1.142E+01 8.755E−02 2.455E+03 1.850E+03 7.723E+00 4.042E+01 4.000E+02 1.600E+04 8.591E−04 0.000E+00 1.169E+01 8.555E−02 2.729E+03 2.019E+03 9.252E+00 3.966E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

4.000E+02 1.600E+04 8.591E−04 0.000E+00 1.169E+01 8.555E−02 2.729E+03 2.019E+03 9.252E+00 3.966E+01 5.000E+02 2.000E+04 1.074E−03 0.000E+00 1.174E+01 8.517E−02 2.908E+03 2.124E+03 1.067E+01 3.913E+01 6.000E+02 2.400E+04 1.288E−03 0.000E+00 1.169E+01 8.553E−02 3.010E+03 2.177E+03 1.201E+01 3.873E+01 7.000E+02 2.800E+04 1.503E−03 0.000E+00 1.158E+01 8.635E−02 3.087E+03 2.210E+03 1.331E+01 3.842E+01 8.000E+02 3.200E+04 1.717E−03 0.000E+00 1.131E+01 8.845E−02 3.158E+03 2.221E+03 1.458E+01 3.816E+01 9.000E+02 3.600E+04 1.931E−03 0.000E+00 1.104E+01 9.056E−02 3.177E+03 2.202E+03 1.585E+01 3.795E+01 1.000E+03 4.000E+04 2.146E−03 5.632E+04 1.071E+01 9.337E−02 3.169E+03 2.158E+03 1.711E+01 3.777E+01 1.500E+03 6.000E+04 3.216E−03 4.865E+04 9.419E+00 1.062E−01 3.059E+03 1.925E+03 2.353E+01 3.713E+01 2.000E+03 8.000E+04 4.284E−03 4.222E+04 8.244E+00 1.213E−01 2.890E+03 1.652E+03 3.028E+01 3.675E+01 3.000E+03 1.200E+05 6.416E−03 3.488E+04 6.836E+00 1.463E−01 2.616E+03 1.406E+03 4.492E+01 3.628E+01 4.000E+03 1.600E+05 8.541E−03 2.911E+04 5.697E+00 1.755E−01 2.341E+03 1.251E+03 6.120E+01 3.599E+01 5.000E+03 2.000E+05 1.066E−02 2.528E+04 4.935E+00 2.026E−01 2.130E+03 1.135E+03 7.915E+01 3.579E+01 6.000E+03 2.400E+05 1.277E−02 2.294E+04 4.465E+00 2.240E−01 1.990E+03 1.059E+03 9.876E+01 3.563E+01 7.000E+03 2.800E+05 1.488E−02 2.094E+04 4.063E+00 2.461E−01 1.862E+03 9.905E+02 1.200E+02 3.552E+01 8.000E+03 3.200E+05 1.697E−02 1.842E+04 3.557E+00 2.812E−01 1.692E+03 8.996E+02 1.429E+02 3.542E+01 9.000E+03 3.600E+05 1.906E−02 1.693E+04 3.256E+00 3.071E−01 1.586E+03 8.432E+02 1.674E+02 3.534E+01 1.000E+04 4.000E+05 2.115E−02 1.559E+04 2.988E+00 3.347E−01 1.487E+03 7.912E+02 1.935E+02 3.527E+01 1.500E+04 6.000E+05 3.147E−02 1.164E+04 2.195E+00 4.556E−01 1.174E+03 6.271E+02 3.477E+02 3.503E+01 2.000E+04 8.000E+05 4.164E−02 8.963E+03 1.662E+00 6.018E−01 9.425E+02 5.066E+02 5.408E+02 3.488E+01 3.000E+04 1.200E+06 6.148E−02 6.477E+03 1.170E+00 8.544E−01 7.092E+02 3.861E+02 1.042E+03 3.470E+01 4.000E+04 1.600E+06 8.072E−02 4.880E+03 8.582E−01 1.165E+00 5.486E+02 3.035E+02 1.696E+03 3.459E+01 5.000E+04 2.000E+06 9.938E−02 4.190E+03 7.457E−01 1.341E+00 4.902E+02 2.662E+02 2.480E+03 3.451E+01

3.446E+01 7.000E+04 2.800E+06 1.350E−01 3.084E+03 5.452E−01 1.834E+00 3.784E+02 2.043E+02 4.432E+03 3.441E+01 8.000E+04 3.200E+06 1.521E−01 2.626E+03 4.632E−01 2.159E+00 3.307E+02 1.777E+02 5.586E+03 3.437E+01 9.000E+04 3.600E+06 1.686E−01 2.373E+03 4.181E−01 2.392E+00 3.039E+02 1.626E+02 6.850E+03 3.434E+01 1.000E+05 4.000E+06 1.846E−01 2.267E+03 3.994E−01 2.503E+00 2.927E+02 1.563E+02 8.220E+03 3.432E+01 1.500E+05 6.000E+06 2.583E−01 1.581E+03 2.782E−01 3.594E+00 2.174E+02 1.141E+02 1.649E+04 3.423E+01 2.000E+05 8.000E+06 3.225E−01 1.292E+03 2.274E−01 4.398E+00 1.845E+02 9.576E+01 2.680E+04 3.417E+01 3.000E+05 1.200E+07 4.281E−01 9.504E+02 1.670E−01 5.986E+00 1.442E+02 7.345E+01 5.222E+04 3.410E+01 4.000E+05 1.600E+07 5.109E−01 8.082E+02 1.417E−01 7.059E+00 1.268E+02 6.401E+01 8.256E+04 3.406E+01 5.000E+05 2.000E+07 5.768E−01 7.119E+02 1.242E−01 8.051E+00 1.148E+02 5.760E+01 1.166E+05 3.403E+01 6.000E+05 2.400E+07 6.303E−01 6.423E+02 1.114E−01 8.975E+00 1.060E+02 5.302E+01 1.535E+05 3.401E+01 7.000E+05 2.800E+07 6.743E−01 6.047E+02 1.044E−01 9.580E+00 1.012E+02 5.058E+01 1.926E+05 3.399E+01 8.000E+05 3.200E+07 7.108E−01 5.746E+02 9.867E−02 1.013E+01 9.734E+01 4.867E+01 2.336E+05 3.398E+01 9.000E+05 3.600E+07 7.416E−01 5.500E+02 9.392E−02 1.065E+01 9.419E+01 4.715E+01 2.760E+05 3.396E+01 1.000E+06 4.000E+07 7.676E−01 5.296E+02 8.990E−02 1.112E+01 9.157E+01 4.594E+01 3.197E+05 3.395E+01

(b) Equilibrium Values

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

1.000E−01 4.000E+00 6.710E−02 1.490E+01 2.700E+02 3.066E+02 1.356E−01 2.700E+02 3.066E+02 1.356E−01 1.624E−02 1.500E−01 6.000E+00 9.862E−02 1.014E+01 3.070E+02 3.453E+02 1.247E−01 3.070E+02 3.453E+02 1.247E−01 2.098E−02 2.000E−01 8.000E+00 1.297E−01 7.709E+00 3.343E+02 3.728E+02 1.153E−01 3.343E+02 3.728E+02 1.153E−01 2.538E−02 3.000E−01 1.200E+01 1.908E−01 5.240E+00 3.732E+02 4.106E+02 1.004E−01 3.732E+02 4.106E+02 1.004E−01 3.361E−02 4.000E−01 1.600E+01 2.507E−01 3.989E+00 4.004E+02 4.361E+02 8.916E−02 4.004E+02 4.361E+02 8.916E−02 4.142E−02 5.000E−01 2.000E+01 3.095E−01 3.231E+00 4.209E+02 4.547E+02 8.034E−02 4.209E+02 4.547E+02 8.034E−02 4.898E−02 6.000E−01 2.400E+01 3.672E−01 2.723E+00 4.370E+02 4.690E+02 7.317E−02 4.370E+02 4.690E+02 7.317E−02 5.638E−02 7.000E−01 2.800E+01 4.241E−01 2.358E+00 4.500E+02 4.803E+02 6.722E−02 4.500E+02 4.803E+02 6.722E−02 6.368E−02 8.000E−01 3.200E+01 4.801E−01 2.083E+00 4.609E+02 4.895E+02 6.218E−02 4.609E+02 4.895E+02 6.218E−02 7.090E−02 9.000E−01 3.600E+01 5.352E−01 1.868E+00 4.700E+02 4.972E+02 5.785E−02 4.700E+02 4.972E+02 5.785E−02 7.806E−02 1.000E+00 4.000E+01 5.896E−01 1.696E+00 4.778E+02 5.037E+02 5.408E−02 4.778E+02 5.037E+02 5.408E−02 8.518E−02 1.500E+00 6.000E+01 8.509E−01 1.175E+00 5.045E+02 5.251E+02 4.079E−02 5.045E+02 5.251E+02 4.079E−02 1.204E−01 2.000E+00 8.000E+01 1.096E+00 9.121E−01 5.201E+02 5.371E+02 3.274E−02 5.201E+02 5.371E+02 3.274E−02 1.553E−01 3.000E+00 1.200E+02 1.548E+00 6.461E−01 5.382E+02 5.510E+02 2.361E−02 5.382E+02 5.510E+02 2.361E−02 2.244E−01 4.000E+00 1.600E+02 1.955E+00 5.115E−01 5.495E+02 5.598E+02 1.873E−02 5.495E+02 5.598E+02 1.873E−02 2.926E−01 5.000E+00 2.000E+02 2.326E+00 4.300E−01 5.583E+02 5.671E+02 1.582E−02 5.583E+02 5.671E+02 1.582E−02 3.597E−01 6.000E+00 2.400E+02 2.665E+00 3.752E−01 5.660E+02 5.740E+02 1.403E−02 5.660E+02 5.740E+02 1.403E−02 4.255E−01 7.000E+00 2.800E+02 2.979E+00 3.357E−01 5.733E+02 5.807E+02 1.293E−02 5.733E+02 5.807E+02 1.293E−02 4.898E−01 8.000E+00 3.200E+02 3.268E+00 3.060E−01 5.803E+02 5.875E+02 1.232E−02 5.803E+02 5.875E+02 1.232E−02 5.528E−01 9.000E+00 3.600E+02 3.538E+00 2.827E−01 5.873E+02 5.944E+02 1.207E−02 5.873E+02 5.944E+02 1.207E−02 6.144E−01 1.000E+01 4.000E+02 3.789E+00 2.639E−01 5.941E+02 6.013E+02 1.210E−02 5.941E+02 6.013E+02 1.210E−02 6.746E−01 1.500E+01 6.000E+02 4.831E+00 2.070E−01 6.278E+02 6.372E+02 1.483E−02 6.278E+02 6.372E+02 1.483E−02 9.569E−01 2.000E+01 8.000E+02 5.614E+00 1.781E−01 6.604E+02 6.735E+02 1.982E−02 6.604E+02 6.735E+02 1.982E−02 1.213E+00 3.000E+01 1.200E+03 6.712E+00 1.490E−01 7.212E+02 7.442E+02 3.185E−02 7.212E+02 7.442E+02 3.185E−02 1.665E+00 4.000E+01 1.600E+03 7.432E+00 1.346E−01 7.766E+02 8.107E+02 4.390E−02 7.766E+02 8.107E+02 4.390E−02 2.061E+00 5.000E+01 2.000E+03 7.927E+00 1.261E−01 8.275E+02 8.730E+02 5.497E−02 8.267E+02 8.716E+02 5.432E−02 2.418E+00 6.000E+01 2.400E+03 8.279E+00 1.208E−01 8.747E+02 9.314E+02 6.486E−02 8.667E+02 9.180E+02 5.925E−02 2.745E+00 7.000E+01 2.800E+03 8.533E+00 1.172E−01 9.186E+02 9.863E+02 7.365E−02 8.999E+02 9.555E+02 6.178E−02 3.048E+00 8.000E+01 3.200E+03 8.718E+00 1.147E−01 9.600E+02 1.038E+03 8.148E−02 9.289E+02 9.878E+02 6.342E−02 3.334E+00 9.000E+01 3.600E+03 8.852E+00 1.130E−01 9.990E+02 1.087E+03 8.848E−02 9.550E+02 1.017E+03 6.474E−02 3.604E+00 1.000E+02 4.000E+03 8.950E+00 1.117E−01 1.036E+03 1.134E+03 9.469E−02 9.790E+02 1.043E+03 6.589E−02 3.861E+00 1.500E+02 6.000E+03 9.223E+00 1.084E−01 1.198E+03 1.339E+03 1.176E−01 1.080E+03 1.157E+03 7.157E−02 5.006E+00 2.000E+02 8.000E+03 9.465E+00 1.057E−01 1.334E+03 1.509E+03 1.315E−01 1.162E+03 1.252E+03 7.709E−02 5.998E+00 3.000E+02 1.200E+04 9.857E+00 1.014E−01 1.554E+03 1.780E+03 1.457E−01 1.296E+03 1.408E+03 8.594E−02 7.723E+00 4.000E+02 1.600E+04 1.014E+01 9.857E−02 1.729E+03 1.990E+03 1.506E−01 1.404E+03 1.533E+03 9.116E−02 9.252E+00

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

4.000E+02 1.600E+04 1.014E+01 9.857E−02 1.729E+03 1.990E+03 1.506E−01 1.404E+03 1.533E+03 9.116E−02 9.252E+00 5.000E+02 2.000E+04 1.035E+01 9.657E−02 1.875E+03 2.157E+03 1.506E−01 1.494E+03 1.633E+03 9.332E−02 1.067E+01 6.000E+02 2.400E+04 1.051E+01 9.517E−02 1.998E+03 2.294E+03 1.480E−01 1.568E+03 1.714E+03 9.312E−02 1.201E+01 7.000E+02 2.800E+04 1.061E+01 9.422E−02 2.103E+03 2.406E+03 1.436E−01 1.631E+03 1.779E+03 9.121E−02 1.331E+01 8.000E+02 3.200E+04 1.068E+01 9.361E−02 2.194E+03 2.497E+03 1.383E−01 1.682E+03 1.831E+03 8.806E−02 1.458E+01 9.000E+02 3.600E+04 1.072E+01 9.327E−02 2.272E+03 2.572E+03 1.323E−01 1.725E+03 1.870E+03 8.407E−02 1.585E+01 1.000E+03 4.000E+04 1.073E+01 9.318E−02 2.338E+03 2.633E+03 1.259E−01 1.758E+03 1.898E+03 7.952E−02 1.711E+01 1.500E+03 6.000E+04 1.052E+01 9.504E−02 2.550E+03 2.793E+03 9.528E−02 1.832E+03 1.938E+03 5.798E−02 2.353E+01 2.000E+03 8.000E+04 1.012E+01 9.880E−02 2.642E+03 2.836E+03 7.364E−02 1.818E+03 1.903E+03 4.653E−02 3.028E+01 3.000E+03 1.200E+05 9.238E+00 1.082E−01 2.672E+03 2.803E+03 4.891E−02 1.710E+03 1.785E+03 4.411E−02 4.492E+01 4.000E+03 1.600E+05 8.418E+00 1.188E−01 2.615E+03 2.717E+03 3.911E−02 1.605E+03 1.683E+03 4.875E−02 6.120E+01 5.000E+03 2.000E+05 7.709E+00 1.297E−01 2.528E+03 2.620E+03 3.651E−02 1.511E+03 1.595E+03 5.584E−02 7.915E+01 6.000E+03 2.400E+05 7.098E+00 1.409E−01 2.431E+03 2.523E+03 3.807E−02 1.427E+03 1.519E+03 6.430E−02 9.876E+01 7.000E+03 2.800E+05 6.573E+00 1.521E−01 2.334E+03 2.432E+03 4.194E−02 1.352E+03 1.451E+03 7.331E−02 1.200E+02 8.000E+03 3.200E+05 6.116E+00 1.635E−01 2.240E+03 2.347E+03 4.747E−02 1.284E+03 1.390E+03 8.278E−02 1.429E+02 9.000E+03 3.600E+05 5.718E+00 1.749E−01 2.152E+03 2.268E+03 5.382E−02 1.223E+03 1.336E+03 9.223E−02 1.674E+02 1.000E+04 4.000E+05 5.366E+00 1.863E−01 2.068E+03 2.194E+03 6.080E−02 1.168E+03 1.287E+03 1.017E−01 1.935E+02 1.500E+04 6.000E+05 4.096E+00 2.442E−01 1.727E+03 1.898E+03 9.894E−02 9.570E+02 1.097E+03 1.467E−01 3.477E+02 2.000E+04 8.000E+05 3.303E+00 3.027E−01 1.481E+03 1.683E+03 1.368E−01 8.138E+02 9.657E+02 1.867E−01 5.408E+02 3.000E+04 1.200E+06 2.367E+00 4.225E−01 1.153E+03 1.390E+03 2.061E−01 6.303E+02 7.907E+02 2.543E−01 1.042E+03 4.000E+04 1.600E+06 1.833E+00 5.457E−01 9.447E+02 1.196E+03 2.665E−01 5.171E+02 6.770E+02 3.093E−01 1.696E+03 5.000E+04 2.000E+06 1.501E+00 6.663E−01 8.074E+02 1.059E+03 3.122E−01 4.412E+02 5.976E+02 3.545E−01 2.480E+03 6.000E+04 2.400E+06 1.272E+00 7.863E−01 7.078E+02 9.560E+02 3.506E−01 3.863E+02 5.381E+02 3.929E−01 3.395E+03 7.000E+04 2.800E+06 1.105E+00 9.052E−01 6.325E+02 8.745E+02 3.828E−01 3.447E+02 4.914E+02 4.257E−01 4.432E+03 8.000E+04 3.200E+06 9.780E−01 1.023E+00 5.735E+02 8.086E+02 4.099E−01 3.121E+02 4.537E+02 4.540E−01 5.586E+03 9.000E+04 3.600E+06 8.786E−01 1.138E+00 5.261E+02 7.539E+02 4.331E−01 2.858E+02 4.226E+02 4.786E−01 6.850E+03 1.000E+05 4.000E+06 7.987E−01 1.252E+00 4.871E+02 7.078E+02 4.529E−01 2.642E+02 3.964E+02 5.002E−01 8.220E+03 1.500E+05 6.000E+06 5.573E−01 1.794E+00 3.642E+02 5.531E+02 5.184E−01 1.959E+02 3.087E+02 5.761E−01 1.649E+04 2.000E+05 8.000E+06 4.361E−01 2.293E+00 2.988E+02 4.634E+02 5.510E−01 1.594E+02 2.581E+02 6.189E−01 2.680E+04 3.000E+05 1.200E+07 3.147E−01 3.178E+00 2.300E+02 3.617E+02 5.725E−01 1.211E+02 2.007E+02 6.565E−01 5.222E+04 4.000E+05 1.600E+07 2.539E−01 3.939E+00 1.940E+02 3.043E+02 5.689E−01 1.012E+02 1.682E+02 6.627E−01 8.256E+04 5.000E+05 2.000E+07 2.172E−01 4.603E+00 1.717E+02 2.670E+02 5.552E−01 8.889E+01 1.471E+02 6.542E−01 1.166E+05 6.000E+05 2.400E+07 1.927E−01 5.190E+00 1.565E+02 2.406E+02 5.373E−01 8.058E+01 1.320E+02 6.385E−01 1.535E+05 7.000E+05 2.800E+07 1.751E−01 5.713E+00 1.455E+02 2.208E+02 5.180E−01 7.459E+01 1.208E+02 6.190E−01 1.926E+05 8.000E+05 3.200E+07 1.618E−01 6.182E+00 1.371E+02 2.054E+02 4.986E−01 7.008E+01 1.120E+02 5.978E−01 2.336E+05 9.000E+05 3.600E+07 1.513E−01 6.608E+00 1.305E+02 1.931E+02 4.796E−01 6.656E+01 1.049E+02 5.763E−01 2.760E+05 1.000E+06 4.000E+07 1.430E−01 6.995E+00 1.252E+02 1.829E+02 4.613E−01 6.375E+01 9.911E+01 5.547E−01 3.197E+05

CALCIUM-44 IONS: A=44 Z=20 (a) Instantaneous Data

∆M=−41.46600 MeV Mc2=4.0944E+04 MeV

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

1.000E−01 4.400E+00 2.149E−07 0.000E+00 1.593E−01 6.278E+00 4.083E+02 4.083E+02 1.733E−02 2.257E+02 1.500E−01 6.600E+00 3.224E−07 0.000E+00 2.247E−01 4.450E+00 4.461E+02 4.461E+02 2.244E−02 1.957E+02 2.000E−01 8.800E+00 4.299E−07 0.000E+00 2.995E−01 3.339E+00 4.759E+02 4.759E+02 2.718E−02 1.773E+02 3.000E−01 1.320E+01 6.448E−07 0.000E+00 4.193E−01 2.385E+00 5.075E+02 5.075E+02 3.607E−02 1.548E+02 4.000E−01 1.760E+01 8.597E−07 0.000E+00 5.549E−01 1.802E+00 5.301E+02 5.301E+02 4.451E−02 1.411E+02 5.000E−01 2.200E+01 1.075E−06 0.000E+00 6.764E−01 1.478E+00 5.437E+02 5.437E+02 5.269E−02 1.315E+02 6.000E−01 2.640E+01 1.290E−06 0.000E+00 7.694E−01 1.300E+00 5.513E+02 5.513E+02 6.070E−02 1.243E+02 7.000E−01 3.080E+01 1.504E−06 0.000E+00 9.074E−01 1.102E+00 5.596E+02 5.596E+02 6.861E−02 1.186E+02 8.000E−01 3.520E+01 1.719E−06 0.000E+00 1.009E+00 9.914E−01 5.640E+02 5.640E+02 7.644E−02 1.140E+02

1.101E+02 1.000E+00 4.400E+01 2.149E−06 0.000E+00 1.221E+00 8.193E−01 5.704E+02 5.704E+02 9.194E−02 1.068E+02 1.500E+00 6.600E+01 3.224E−06 0.000E+00 1.663E+00 6.014E−01 5.770E+02 5.770E+02 1.302E−01 9.539E+01 2.000E+00 8.800E+01 4.299E−06 0.000E+00 2.142E+00 4.669E−01 5.805E+02 5.805E+02 1.682E−01 8.839E+01 3.000E+00 1.320E+02 6.448E−06 0.000E+00 2.861E+00 3.496E−01 5.857E+02 5.857E+02 2.436E−01 7.984E+01 4.000E+00 1.760E+02 8.597E−06 0.000E+00 3.611E+00 2.770E−01 5.944E+02 5.944E+02 3.182E−01 7.460E+01 5.000E+00 2.200E+02 1.075E−05 0.000E+00 4.233E+00 2.362E−01 6.050E+02 6.050E+02 3.915E−01 7.095E+01 6.000E+00 2.640E+02 1.290E−05 0.000E+00 4.680E+00 2.137E−01 6.145E+02 6.145E+02 4.636E−01 6.821E+01 7.000E+00 3.080E+02 1.504E−05 0.000E+00 5.108E+00 1.958E−01 6.253E+02 6.253E+02 5.341E−01 6.605E+01 8.000E+00 3.520E+02 1.719E−05 0.000E+00 5.722E+00 1.748E−01 6.436E+02 6.436E+02 6.032E−01 6.429E+01 9.000E+00 3.960E+02 1.934E−05 0.000E+00 6.131E+00 1.631E−01 6.577E+02 6.577E+02 6.707E−01 6.282E+01 1.000E+01 4.400E+02 2.149E−05 0.000E+00 6.528E+00 1.532E−01 6.730E+02 6.730E+02 7.368E−01 6.156E+01 1.500E+01 6.600E+02 3.224E−05 0.000E+00 7.906E+00 1.265E−01 7.407E+02 7.407E+02 1.047E+00 5.721E+01 2.000E+01 8.800E+02 4.298E−05 0.000E+00 9.013E+00 1.110E−01 8.188E+02 8.188E+02 1.328E+00 5.454E+01 3.000E+01 1.320E+03 6.447E−05 0.000E+00 1.009E+01 9.910E−02 9.398E+02 9.398E+02 1.825E+00 5.129E+01 4.000E+01 1.760E+03 8.596E−05 0.000E+00 1.067E+01 9.368E−02 1.068E+03 1.068E+03 2.260E+00 4.929E+01 5.000E+01 2.200E+03 1.075E−04 0.000E+00 1.083E+01 9.231E−02 1.147E+03 1.135E+03 2.652E+00 4.790E+01 6.000E+01 2.640E+03 1.289E−04 0.000E+00 1.087E+01 9.197E−02 1.254E+03 1.174E+03 3.012E+00 4.686E+01 7.000E+01 3.080E+03 1.504E−04 0.000E+00 1.081E+01 9.253E−02 1.331E+03 1.206E+03 3.346E+00 4.604E+01 8.000E+01 3.520E+03 1.719E−04 0.000E+00 1.061E+01 9.425E−02 1.442E+03 1.258E+03 3.660E+00 4.537E+01 9.000E+01 3.960E+03 1.934E−04 0.000E+00 1.042E+01 9.593E−02 1.518E+03 1.296E+03 3.957E+00 4.481E+01 1.000E+02 4.400E+03 2.149E−04 0.000E+00 1.033E+01 9.685E−02 1.553E+03 1.314E+03 4.240E+00 4.433E+01 1.500E+02 6.600E+03 3.223E−04 0.000E+00 1.038E+01 9.634E−02 1.874E+03 1.492E+03 5.499E+00 4.267E+01 2.000E+02 8.800E+03 4.297E−04 0.000E+00 1.083E+01 9.235E−02 2.087E+03 1.620E+03 6.590E+00 4.165E+01 3.000E+02 1.320E+04 6.445E−04 0.000E+00 1.143E+01 8.746E−02 2.464E+03 1.855E+03 8.488E+00 4.042E+01 4.000E+02 1.760E+04 8.592E−04 0.000E+00 1.166E+01 8.575E−02 2.689E+03 1.995E+03 1.017E+01 3.966E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

4.000E+02 1.760E+04 8.592E−04 0.000E+00 1.166E+01 8.575E−02 2.689E+03 1.995E+03 1.017E+01 3.966E+01 5.000E+02 2.200E+04 1.074E−03 0.000E+00 1.174E+01 8.517E−02 2.872E+03 2.104E+03 1.173E+01 3.913E+01 6.000E+02 2.640E+04 1.288E−03 0.000E+00 1.169E+01 8.557E−02 3.016E+03 2.180E+03 1.320E+01 3.873E+01 7.000E+02 3.080E+04 1.503E−03 0.000E+00 1.157E+01 8.644E−02 3.092E+03 2.212E+03 1.463E+01 3.842E+01 8.000E+02 3.520E+04 1.717E−03 0.000E+00 1.139E+01 8.778E−02 3.144E+03 2.223E+03 1.604E+01 3.816E+01 9.000E+02 3.960E+04 1.932E−03 0.000E+00 1.116E+01 8.962E−02 3.172E+03 2.213E+03 1.742E+01 3.795E+01 1.000E+03 4.400E+04 2.146E−03 5.728E+04 1.086E+01 9.207E−02 3.175E+03 2.180E+03 1.881E+01 3.777E+01 1.500E+03 6.600E+04 3.216E−03 4.844E+04 9.382E+00 1.066E−01 3.055E+03 1.918E+03 2.587E+01 3.713E+01 2.000E+03 8.800E+04 4.285E−03 4.318E+04 8.422E+00 1.187E−01 2.920E+03 1.697E+03 3.329E+01 3.675E+01 3.000E+03 1.320E+05 6.417E−03 3.469E+04 6.798E+00 1.471E−01 2.608E+03 1.401E+03 4.940E+01 3.628E+01 4.000E+03 1.760E+05 8.542E−03 2.994E+04 5.864E+00 1.705E−01 2.384E+03 1.275E+03 6.732E+01 3.599E+01 5.000E+03 2.200E+05 1.066E−02 2.606E+04 5.090E+00 1.965E−01 2.175E+03 1.160E+03 8.706E+01 3.579E+01 6.000E+03 2.640E+05 1.277E−02 2.279E+04 4.434E+00 2.255E−01 1.980E+03 1.054E+03 1.086E+02 3.563E+01 7.000E+03 3.080E+05 1.488E−02 2.079E+04 4.034E+00 2.479E−01 1.853E+03 9.853E+02 1.320E+02 3.552E+01 8.000E+03 3.520E+05 1.697E−02 1.906E+04 3.685E+00 2.714E−01 1.736E+03 9.231E+02 1.572E+02 3.542E+01 9.000E+03 3.960E+05 1.907E−02 1.752E+04 3.377E+00 2.962E−01 1.629E+03 8.660E+02 1.841E+02 3.534E+01 1.000E+04 4.400E+05 2.115E−02 1.616E+04 3.101E+00 3.224E−01 1.529E+03 8.134E+02 2.129E+02 3.527E+01 1.500E+04 6.600E+05 3.148E−02 1.154E+04 2.176E+00 4.596E−01 1.167E+03 6.230E+02 3.825E+02 3.503E+01 2.000E+04 8.800E+05 4.164E−02 9.329E+03 1.734E+00 5.766E−01 9.753E+02 5.236E+02 5.949E+02 3.488E+01 3.000E+04 1.320E+06 6.149E−02 6.419E+03 1.159E+00 8.627E−01 7.036E+02 3.831E+02 1.146E+03 3.470E+01 4.000E+04 1.760E+06 8.073E−02 5.094E+03 8.997E−01 1.111E+00 5.707E+02 3.148E+02 1.865E+03 3.459E+01 5.000E+04 2.200E+06 9.938E−02 4.151E+03 7.388E−01 1.354E+00 4.864E+02 2.641E+02 2.728E+03 3.451E+01

3.446E+01 7.000E+04 3.080E+06 1.350E−01 3.057E+03 5.402E−01 1.851E+00 3.755E+02 2.027E+02 4.875E+03 3.441E+01 8.000E+04 3.520E+06 1.521E−01 2.738E+03 4.832E−01 2.070E+00 3.425E+02 1.842E+02 6.145E+03 3.437E+01 9.000E+04 3.960E+06 1.686E−01 2.472E+03 4.359E−01 2.294E+00 3.145E+02 1.686E+02 7.535E+03 3.434E+01 1.000E+05 4.400E+06 1.847E−01 2.248E+03 3.960E−01 2.525E+00 2.906E+02 1.552E+02 9.042E+03 3.432E+01 1.500E+05 6.600E+06 2.584E−01 1.568E+03 2.760E−01 3.623E+00 2.160E+02 1.133E+02 1.814E+04 3.423E+01 2.000E+05 8.800E+06 3.225E−01 1.282E+03 2.257E−01 4.431E+00 1.834E+02 9.512E+01 2.948E+04 3.417E+01 3.000E+05 1.320E+07 4.282E−01 9.441E+02 1.659E−01 6.027E+00 1.434E+02 7.303E+01 5.744E+04 3.410E+01 4.000E+05 1.760E+07 5.109E−01 8.034E+02 1.408E−01 7.103E+00 1.262E+02 6.369E+01 9.081E+04 3.406E+01 5.000E+05 2.200E+07 5.769E−01 7.081E+02 1.235E−01 8.096E+00 1.143E+02 5.735E+01 1.282E+05 3.403E+01 6.000E+05 2.640E+07 6.304E−01 6.393E+02 1.109E−01 9.020E+00 1.056E+02 5.282E+01 1.688E+05 3.401E+01 7.000E+05 3.080E+07 6.743E−01 6.021E+02 1.039E−01 9.625E+00 1.009E+02 5.041E+01 2.119E+05 3.399E+01 8.000E+05 3.520E+07 7.109E−01 5.723E+02 9.824E−02 1.018E+01 9.705E+01 4.853E+01 2.569E+05 3.398E+01 9.000E+05 3.960E+07 7.416E−01 5.480E+02 9.353E−02 1.069E+01 9.393E+01 4.703E+01 3.036E+05 3.396E+01 1.000E+06 4.400E+07 7.677E−01 5.278E+02 8.955E−02 1.117E+01 9.135E+01 4.583E+01 3.516E+05 3.395E+01

(b) Equilibrium Values

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

1.000E−01 4.400E+00 6.694E−02 1.494E+01 2.758E+02 3.137E+02 1.372E−01 2.758E+02 3.137E+02 1.372E−01 1.733E−02 1.500E−01 6.600E+00 9.849E−02 1.015E+01 3.136E+02 3.530E+02 1.256E−01 3.136E+02 3.530E+02 1.256E−01 2.244E−02 2.000E−01 8.800E+00 1.296E−01 7.714E+00 3.414E+02 3.809E+02 1.158E−01 3.414E+02 3.809E+02 1.158E−01 2.718E−02 3.000E−01 1.320E+01 1.909E−01 5.240E+00 3.809E+02 4.191E+02 1.003E−01 3.809E+02 4.191E+02 1.003E−01 3.607E−02 4.000E−01 1.760E+01 2.508E−01 3.987E+00 4.084E+02 4.447E+02 8.882E−02 4.084E+02 4.447E+02 8.882E−02 4.451E−02 5.000E−01 2.200E+01 3.097E−01 3.229E+00 4.291E+02 4.634E+02 7.982E−02 4.291E+02 4.634E+02 7.982E−02 5.269E−02 6.000E−01 2.640E+01 3.677E−01 2.720E+00 4.453E+02 4.776E+02 7.254E−02 4.453E+02 4.776E+02 7.254E−02 6.070E−02 7.000E−01 3.080E+01 4.246E−01 2.355E+00 4.584E+02 4.889E+02 6.651E−02 4.584E+02 4.889E+02 6.651E−02 6.861E−02 8.000E−01 3.520E+01 4.808E−01 2.080E+00 4.692E+02 4.981E+02 6.141E−02 4.692E+02 4.981E+02 6.141E−02 7.644E−02 9.000E−01 3.960E+01 5.361E−01 1.865E+00 4.783E+02 5.056E+02 5.704E−02 4.783E+02 5.056E+02 5.704E−02 8.421E−02 1.000E+00 4.400E+01 5.906E−01 1.693E+00 4.861E+02 5.120E+02 5.324E−02 4.861E+02 5.120E+02 5.324E−02 9.194E−02 1.500E+00 6.600E+01 8.526E−01 1.173E+00 5.124E+02 5.329E+02 3.990E−02 5.124E+02 5.329E+02 3.990E−02 1.302E−01 2.000E+00 8.800E+01 1.099E+00 9.102E−01 5.276E+02 5.445E+02 3.187E−02 5.276E+02 5.445E+02 3.187E−02 1.682E−01 3.000E+00 1.320E+02 1.551E+00 6.446E−01 5.450E+02 5.574E+02 2.281E−02 5.450E+02 5.574E+02 2.281E−02 2.436E−01 4.000E+00 1.760E+02 1.960E+00 5.103E−01 5.556E+02 5.656E+02 1.798E−02 5.556E+02 5.656E+02 1.798E−02 3.182E−01 5.000E+00 2.200E+02 2.331E+00 4.290E−01 5.639E+02 5.724E+02 1.510E−02 5.639E+02 5.724E+02 1.510E−02 3.915E−01 6.000E+00 2.640E+02 2.672E+00 3.743E−01 5.712E+02 5.788E+02 1.332E−02 5.712E+02 5.788E+02 1.332E−02 4.636E−01 7.000E+00 3.080E+02 2.985E+00 3.350E−01 5.782E+02 5.852E+02 1.222E−02 5.782E+02 5.852E+02 1.222E−02 5.341E−01 8.000E+00 3.520E+02 3.276E+00 3.053E−01 5.849E+02 5.917E+02 1.160E−02 5.849E+02 5.917E+02 1.160E−02 6.032E−01 9.000E+00 3.960E+02 3.545E+00 2.821E−01 5.916E+02 5.983E+02 1.134E−02 5.916E+02 5.983E+02 1.134E−02 6.707E−01 1.000E+01 4.400E+02 3.797E+00 2.634E−01 5.983E+02 6.051E+02 1.135E−02 5.983E+02 6.051E+02 1.135E−02 7.368E−01 1.500E+01 6.600E+02 4.840E+00 2.066E−01 6.313E+02 6.401E+02 1.398E−02 6.313E+02 6.401E+02 1.398E−02 1.047E+00 2.000E+01 8.800E+02 5.624E+00 1.778E−01 6.634E+02 6.759E+02 1.887E−02 6.634E+02 6.759E+02 1.887E−02 1.328E+00 3.000E+01 1.320E+03 6.722E+00 1.488E−01 7.238E+02 7.461E+02 3.080E−02 7.238E+02 7.461E+02 3.080E−02 1.825E+00 4.000E+01 1.760E+03 7.441E+00 1.344E−01 7.790E+02 8.123E+02 4.277E−02 7.790E+02 8.123E+02 4.277E−02 2.260E+00 5.000E+01 2.200E+03 7.937E+00 1.260E−01 8.297E+02 8.743E+02 5.380E−02 8.287E+02 8.727E+02 5.306E−02 2.652E+00 6.000E+01 2.640E+03 8.288E+00 1.207E−01 8.767E+02 9.325E+02 6.369E−02 8.686E+02 9.190E+02 5.805E−02 3.012E+00 7.000E+01 3.080E+03 8.541E+00 1.171E−01 9.206E+02 9.873E+02 7.250E−02 9.017E+02 9.564E+02 6.064E−02 3.346E+00 8.000E+01 3.520E+03 8.726E+00 1.146E−01 9.618E+02 1.039E+03 8.034E−02 9.306E+02 9.886E+02 6.233E−02 3.660E+00 9.000E+01 3.960E+03 8.860E+00 1.129E−01 1.001E+03 1.088E+03 8.733E−02 9.566E+02 1.018E+03 6.367E−02 3.957E+00 1.000E+02 4.400E+03 8.958E+00 1.116E−01 1.038E+03 1.135E+03 9.359E−02 9.805E+02 1.044E+03 6.489E−02 4.240E+00 1.500E+02 6.600E+03 9.230E+00 1.083E−01 1.200E+03 1.340E+03 1.166E−01 1.081E+03 1.157E+03 7.070E−02 5.499E+00 2.000E+02 8.800E+03 9.471E+00 1.056E−01 1.335E+03 1.510E+03 1.306E−01 1.163E+03 1.252E+03 7.631E−02 6.590E+00 3.000E+02 1.320E+04 9.862E+00 1.014E-01 1.555E+03 1.781E+03 1.450E−01 1.298E+03 1.408E+03 8.531E−02 8.488E+00 4.000E+02 1.760E+04 1.015E+01 9.853E−02 1.731E+03 1.990E+03 1.499E−01 1.406E+03 1.533E+03 9.059E−02 1.017E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

4.000E+02 1.760E+04 1.015E+01 9.853E−02 1.731E+03 1.990E+03 1.499E−01 1.406E+03 1.533E+03 9.059E−02 1.017E+01 5.000E+02 2.200E+04 1.036E+01 9.654E−02 1.876E+03 2.158E+03 1.500E−01 1.495E+03 1.633E+03 9.278E−02 1.173E+01 6.000E+02 2.640E+04 1.051E+01 9.514E−02 1.999E+03 2.294E+03 1.474E−01 1.569E+03 1.715E+03 9.263E−02 1.320E+01 7.000E+02 3.080E+04 1.062E+01 9.419E−02 2.105E+03 2.406E+03 1.431E−01 1.632E+03 1.780E+03 9.076E−02 1.463E+01 8.000E+02 3.520E+04 1.069E+01 9.358E−02 2.195E+03 2.498E+03 1.378E−01 1.683E+03 1.831E+03 8.765E−02 1.604E+01 9.000E+02 3.960E+04 1.072E+01 9.325E−02 2.273E+03 2.573E+03 1.318E−01 1.725E+03 1.870E+03 8.369E−02 1.742E+01 1.000E+03 4.400E+04 1.073E+01 9.316E−02 2.339E+03 2.633E+03 1.254E−01 1.759E+03 1.898E+03 7.915E−02 1.881E+01 1.500E+03 6.600E+04 1.052E+01 9.502E−02 2.550E+03 2.793E+03 9.503E−02 1.833E+03 1.939E+03 5.775E−02 2.587E+01 2.000E+03 8.800E+04 1.013E+01 9.876E−02 2.643E+03 2.837E+03 7.311E−02 1.819E+03 1.903E+03 4.604E−02 3.329E+01 3.000E+03 1.320E+05 9.239E+00 1.082E−01 2.673E+03 2.803E+03 4.875E−02 1.710E+03 1.786E+03 4.394E−02 4.940E+01 4.000E+03 1.760E+05 8.420E+00 1.188E−01 2.615E+03 2.717E+03 3.885E−02 1.606E+03 1.683E+03 4.849E−02 6.732E+01 5.000E+03 2.200E+05 7.710E+00 1.297E−01 2.528E+03 2.620E+03 3.632E−02 1.511E+03 1.595E+03 5.566E−02 8.706E+01 6.000E+03 2.640E+05 7.099E+00 1.409E−01 2.431E+03 2.524E+03 3.791E−02 1.427E+03 1.519E+03 6.415E−02 1.086E+02 7.000E+03 3.080E+05 6.573E+00 1.521E−01 2.334E+03 2.432E+03 4.190E−02 1.352E+03 1.451E+03 7.329E−02 1.320E+02 8.000E+03 3.520E+05 6.117E+00 1.635E−01 2.241E+03 2.347E+03 4.738E−02 1.284E+03 1.390E+03 8.271E−02 1.572E+02 9.000E+03 3.960E+05 5.718E+00 1.749E−01 2.152E+03 2.268E+03 5.379E−02 1.223E+03 1.336E+03 9.221E−02 1.841E+02 1.000E+04 4.400E+05 5.366E+00 1.864E−01 2.068E+03 2.194E+03 6.079E−02 1.168E+03 1.287E+03 1.017E−01 2.129E+02 1.500E+04 6.600E+05 4.096E+00 2.442E−01 1.727E+03 1.898E+03 9.891E−02 9.570E+02 1.097E+03 1.467E−01 3.825E+02 2.000E+04 8.800E+05 3.303E+00 3.028E−01 1.481E+03 1.683E+03 1.368E−01 8.137E+02 9.657E+02 1.867E−01 5.949E+02 3.000E+04 1.320E+06 2.367E+00 4.225E−01 1.153E+03 1.390E+03 2.060E−01 6.303E+02 7.907E+02 2.544E−01 1.146E+03 4.000E+04 1.760E+06 1.833E+00 5.457E−01 9.446E+02 1.196E+03 2.666E−01 5.170E+02 6.770E+02 3.094E−01 1.865E+03 5.000E+04 2.200E+06 1.500E+00 6.665E−01 8.071E+02 1.059E+03 3.127E−01 4.412E+02 5.977E+02 3.546E−01 2.728E+03 6.000E+04 2.640E+06 1.271E+00 7.865E−01 7.076E+02 9.559E+02 3.509E−01 3.863E+02 5.381E+02 3.930E−01 3.734E+03 7.000E+04 3.080E+06 1.104E+00 9.054E−01 6.323E+02 8.745E+02 3.830E−01 3.447E+02 4.914E+02 4.258E−01 4.875E+03 8.000E+04 3.520E+06 9.778E−01 1.023E+00 5.734E+02 8.086E+02 4.102E−01 3.120E+02 4.537E+02 4.541E−01 6.145E+03 9.000E+04 3.960E+06 8.784E−01 1.138E+00 5.260E+02 7.539E+02 4.333E−01 2.858E+02 4.226E+02 4.787E−01 7.535E+03 1.000E+05 4.400E+06 7.985E−01 1.252E+00 4.871E+02 7.077E+02 4.531E−01 2.642E+02 3.964E+02 5.003E−01 9.042E+03 1.500E+05 6.600E+06 5.572E−01 1.795E+00 3.642E+02 5.530E+02 5.184E−01 1.959E+02 3.087E+02 5.761E−01 1.814E+04 2.000E+05 8.800E+06 4.360E−01 2.293E+00 2.988E+02 4.634E+02 5.509E−01 1.594E+02 2.581E+02 6.190E−01 2.948E+04 3.000E+05 1.320E+07 3.147E−01 3.178E+00 2.300E+02 3.616E+02 5.725E−01 1.211E+02 2.007E+02 6.566E−01 5.744E+04 4.000E+05 1.760E+07 2.539E−01 3.939E+00 1.939E+02 3.043E+02 5.688E−01 1.012E+02 1.682E+02 6.628E−01 9.081E+04 5.000E+05 2.200E+07 2.172E−01 4.604E+00 1.717E+02 2.670E+02 5.551E−01 8.889E+01 1.471E+02 6.543E−01 1.282E+05 6.000E+05 2.640E+07 1.927E−01 5.190E+00 1.565E+02 2.406E+02 5.373E−01 8.058E+01 1.320E+02 6.385E−01 1.688E+05 7.000E+05 3.080E+07 1.750E−01 5.713E+00 1.455E+02 2.208E+02 5.180E−01 7.459E+01 1.208E+02 6.190E−01 2.119E+05 8.000E+05 3.520E+07 1.617E−01 6.183E+00 1.371E+02 2.054E+02 4.985E−01 7.008E+01 1.120E+02 5.978E−01 2.569E+05 9.000E+05 3.960E+07 1.513E−01 6.608E+00 1.305E+02 1.931E+02 4.795E−01 6.656E+01 1.049E+02 5.762E−01 3.036E+05 1.000E+06 4.400E+07 1.430E−01 6.995E+00 1.252E+02 1.829E+02 4.612E−01 6.374E+01 9.910E+01 5.547E−01 3.516E+05

TITANIUM-46 IONS: A=46 Z=22 (a) Instantaneous Data

∆M=−44.12270 MeV Mc2=4.2805E+04 MeV

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

1.000E−01 4.600E+00 2.149E−07 0.000E+00 1.558E−01 6.420E+00 4.341E+02 4.341E+02 1.715E−02 2.385E+02 1.500E−01 6.900E+00 3.224E−07 0.000E+00 2.319E−01 4.311E+00 4.826E+02 4.826E+02 2.213E−02 2.065E+02 2.000E−01 9.200E+00 4.299E−07 0.000E+00 2.936E−01 3.406E+00 5.101E+02 5.101E+02 2.674E−02 1.869E+02 3.000E−01 1.380E+01 6.448E−07 0.000E+00 4.335E−01 2.307E+00 5.516E+02 5.516E+02 3.535E−02 1.630E+02 4.000E−01 1.840E+01 8.597E−07 0.000E+00 5.457E−01 1.833E+00 5.731E+02 5.731E+02 4.350E−02 1.484E+02 5.000E−01 2.300E+01 1.075E−06 0.000E+00 6.661E−01 1.501E+00 5.895E+02 5.895E+02 5.138E−02 1.381E+02 6.000E−01 2.760E+01 1.290E−06 0.000E+00 7.971E−01 1.254E+00 6.022E+02 6.022E+02 5.908E−02 1.305E+02 7.000E−01 3.220E+01 1.505E−06 0.000E+00 8.953E−01 1.117E+00 6.093E+02 6.093E+02 6.666E−02 1.244E+02 8.000E−01 3.680E+01 1.719E−06 0.000E+00 9.959E−01 1.004E+00 6.151E+02 6.151E+02 7.416E−02 1.195E+02

1.154E+02 1.000E+00 4.600E+01 2.149E−06 0.000E+00 1.207E+00 8.285E−01 6.237E+02 6.237E+02 8.898E−02 1.119E+02 1.500E+00 6.900E+01 3.224E−06 0.000E+00 1.728E+00 5.786E−01 6.341E+02 6.341E+02 1.255E−01 9.972E+01 2.000E+00 9.200E+01 4.299E−06 0.000E+00 2.129E+00 4.696E−01 6.380E+02 6.380E+02 1.616E−01 9.225E+01 3.000E+00 1.380E+02 6.448E−06 0.000E+00 2.981E+00 3.354E−01 6.447E+02 6.447E+02 2.333E−01 8.315E+01 4.000E+00 1.840E+02 8.597E−06 0.000E+00 3.613E+00 2.767E−01 6.518E+02 6.518E+02 3.042E−01 7.757E+01 5.000E+00 2.300E+02 1.075E−05 0.000E+00 4.247E+00 2.354E−01 6.617E+02 6.617E+02 3.742E−01 7.368E+01 6.000E+00 2.760E+02 1.290E−05 0.000E+00 4.889E+00 2.045E−01 6.749E+02 6.749E+02 4.430E−01 7.077E+01 7.000E+00 3.220E+02 1.504E−05 0.000E+00 5.340E+00 1.873E−01 6.861E+02 6.861E+02 5.105E−01 6.847E+01 8.000E+00 3.680E+02 1.719E−05 0.000E+00 5.776E+00 1.731E−01 6.986E+02 6.986E+02 5.767E−01 6.659E+01 9.000E+00 4.140E+02 1.934E−05 0.000E+00 6.200E+00 1.613E−01 7.124E+02 7.124E+02 6.416E−01 6.503E+01 1.000E+01 4.600E+02 2.149E−05 0.000E+00 6.613E+00 1.512E−01 7.274E+02 7.274E+02 7.051E−01 6.369E+01 1.500E+01 6.900E+02 3.224E−05 0.000E+00 8.060E+00 1.241E−01 7.947E+02 7.947E+02 1.005E+00 5.905E+01 2.000E+01 9.200E+02 4.298E−05 0.000E+00 9.243E+00 1.082E−01 8.736E+02 8.736E+02 1.277E+00 5.621E+01 3.000E+01 1.380E+03 6.448E−05 0.000E+00 1.043E+01 9.590E−02 9.974E+02 9.974E+02 1.762E+00 5.275E+01 4.000E+01 1.840E+03 8.597E−05 0.000E+00 1.110E+01 9.006E−02 1.130E+03 1.130E+03 2.188E+00 5.062E+01 5.000E+01 2.300E+03 1.075E−04 0.000E+00 1.135E+01 8.809E−02 1.242E+03 1.216E+03 2.572E+00 4.914E+01 6.000E+01 2.760E+03 1.289E−04 0.000E+00 1.140E+01 8.774E−02 1.324E+03 1.245E+03 2.925E+00 4.803E+01 7.000E+01 3.220E+03 1.504E−04 0.000E+00 1.132E+01 8.833E−02 1.439E+03 1.291E+03 3.253E+00 4.716E+01 8.000E+01 3.680E+03 1.719E−04 0.000E+00 1.119E+01 8.935E−02 1.520E+03 1.328E+03 3.561E+00 4.644E+01 9.000E+01 4.140E+03 1.934E−04 0.000E+00 1.102E+01 9.075E−02 1.600E+03 1.366E+03 3.853E+00 4.585E+01 1.000E+02 4.600E+03 2.149E−04 0.000E+00 1.081E+01 9.249E−02 1.680E+03 1.407E+03 4.130E+00 4.534E+01 1.500E+02 6.900E+03 3.223E−04 0.000E+00 1.094E+01 9.140E−02 1.979E+03 1.571E+03 5.366E+00 4.357E+01 2.000E+02 9.200E+03 4.297E−04 0.000E+00 1.155E+01 8.655E−02 2.260E+03 1.739E+03 6.435E+00 4.249E+01 3.000E+02 1.380E+04 6.445E−04 0.000E+00 1.216E+01 8.223E−02 2.617E+03 1.962E+03 8.291E+00 4.117E+01 4.000E+02 1.840E+04 8.592E−04 0.000E+00 1.251E+01 7.994E−02 2.922E+03 2.153E+03 9.929E+00 4.036E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

4.000E+02 1.840E+04 8.592E−04 0.000E+00 1.251E+01 7.994E−02 2.922E+03 2.153E+03 9.929E+00 4.036E+01 5.000E+02 2.300E+04 1.074E−03 0.000E+00 1.263E+01 7.920E−02 3.127E+03 2.278E+03 1.144E+01 3.980E+01 6.000E+02 2.760E+04 1.288E−03 0.000E+00 1.262E+01 7.922E−02 3.249E+03 2.346E+03 1.287E+01 3.938E+01 7.000E+02 3.220E+04 1.503E−03 0.000E+00 1.250E+01 7.999E−02 3.381E+03 2.409E+03 1.425E+01 3.904E+01 8.000E+02 3.680E+04 1.717E−03 0.000E+00 1.234E+01 8.105E−02 3.444E+03 2.428E+03 1.559E+01 3.877E+01 9.000E+02 4.140E+04 1.932E−03 0.000E+00 1.212E+01 8.253E−02 3.484E+03 2.426E+03 1.691E+01 3.854E+01 1.000E+03 4.600E+04 2.146E−03 0.000E+00 1.183E+01 8.450E−02 3.498E+03 2.401E+03 1.821E+01 3.835E+01 1.500E+03 6.900E+04 3.216E−03 5.448E+04 1.053E+01 9.500E−02 3.415E+03 2.184E+03 2.488E+01 3.768E+01 2.000E+03 9.200E+04 4.285E−03 4.772E+04 9.301E+00 1.075E−01 3.257E+03 1.912E+03 3.181E+01 3.727E+01 3.000E+03 1.380E+05 6.417E−03 3.986E+04 7.802E+00 1.282E−01 2.982E+03 1.603E+03 4.670E+01 3.676E+01 4.000E+03 1.840E+05 8.542E−03 3.357E+04 6.565E+00 1.523E−01 2.694E+03 1.440E+03 6.310E+01 3.646E+01 5.000E+03 2.300E+05 1.066E−02 2.935E+04 5.724E+00 1.747E−01 2.467E+03 1.315E+03 8.105E+01 3.624E+01 6.000E+03 2.760E+05 1.277E−02 2.674E+04 5.201E+00 1.923E−01 2.314E+03 1.232E+03 1.006E+02 3.608E+01 7.000E+03 3.220E+05 1.488E−02 2.357E+04 4.564E+00 2.191E−01 2.114E+03 1.124E+03 1.217E+02 3.595E+01 8.000E+03 3.680E+05 1.698E−02 2.165E+04 4.179E+00 2.393E−01 1.985E+03 1.055E+03 1.443E+02 3.585E+01 9.000E+03 4.140E+05 1.907E−02 1.995E+04 3.837E+00 2.607E−01 1.866E+03 9.920E+02 1.684E+02 3.576E+01 1.000E+04 4.600E+05 2.115E−02 1.843E+04 3.530E+00 2.833E−01 1.755E+03 9.333E+02 1.941E+02 3.569E+01 1.500E+04 6.900E+05 3.148E−02 1.388E+04 2.617E+00 3.822E−01 1.398E+03 7.464E+02 3.447E+02 3.543E+01 2.000E+04 9.200E+05 4.164E−02 1.076E+04 1.995E+00 5.012E−01 1.130E+03 6.072E+02 5.319E+02 3.528E+01 3.000E+04 1.380E+06 6.149E−02 7.837E+03 1.417E+00 7.059E−01 8.572E+02 4.663E+02 1.015E+03 3.509E+01 4.000E+04 1.840E+06 8.073E−02 5.934E+03 1.044E+00 9.577E−01 6.666E+02 3.684E+02 1.640E+03 3.497E+01 5.000E+04 2.300E+06 9.938E−02 4.847E+03 8.613E−01 1.161E+00 5.707E+02 3.098E+02 2.389E+03 3.489E+01

3.483E+01 7.000E+04 3.220E+06 1.350E−01 3.578E+03 6.317E−01 1.583E+00 4.418E+02 2.383E+02 4.246E+03 3.478E+01 8.000E+04 3.680E+06 1.521E−01 3.207E+03 5.655E−01 1.768E+00 4.032E+02 2.167E+02 5.347E+03 3.474E+01 9.000E+04 4.140E+06 1.686E−01 2.898E+03 5.106E−01 1.959E+00 3.706E+02 1.984E+02 6.550E+03 3.471E+01 1.000E+05 4.600E+06 1.847E−01 2.636E+03 4.642E−01 2.154E+00 3.426E+02 1.827E+02 7.853E+03 3.468E+01 1.500E+05 6.900E+06 2.584E−01 1.931E+03 3.397E−01 2.944E+00 2.651E+02 1.393E+02 1.572E+04 3.458E+01 2.000E+05 9.200E+06 3.225E−01 1.510E+03 2.658E−01 3.763E+00 2.171E+02 1.125E+02 2.551E+04 3.452E+01 3.000E+05 1.380E+07 4.282E−01 1.159E+03 2.037E−01 4.910E+00 1.755E+02 8.948E+01 4.968E+04 3.445E+01 4.000E+05 1.840E+07 5.109E−01 9.522E+02 1.667E−01 5.999E+00 1.502E+02 7.574E+01 7.849E+04 3.440E+01 5.000E+05 2.300E+07 5.769E−01 8.411E+02 1.465E−01 6.824E+00 1.363E+02 6.836E+01 1.108E+05 3.437E+01 6.000E+05 2.760E+07 6.304E−01 7.816E+02 1.356E−01 7.375E+00 1.288E+02 6.444E+01 1.459E+05 3.435E+01 7.000E+05 3.220E+07 6.743E−01 7.355E+02 1.270E−01 7.875E+00 1.229E+02 6.145E+01 1.831E+05 3.433E+01 8.000E+05 3.680E+07 7.109E−01 6.831E+02 1.170E−01 8.545E+00 1.162E+02 5.814E+01 2.220E+05 3.432E+01 9.000E+05 4.140E+07 7.416E−01 6.549E+02 1.115E−01 8.966E+00 1.126E+02 5.642E+01 2.623E+05 3.430E+01 1.000E+06 4.600E+07 7.677E−01 6.314E+02 1.069E−01 9.356E+00 1.096E+02 5.504E+01 3.038E+05 3.429E+01

(b) Equilibrium Values

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

1.000E−01 4.600E+00 6.620E−02 1.510E+01 2.913E+02 3.333E+02 1.444E−01 2.913E+02 3.333E+02 1.444E−01 1.715E−02 1.500E−01 6.900E+00 9.751E−02 1.026E+01 3.323E+02 3.764E+02 1.326E−01 3.323E+02 3.764E+02 1.326E−01 2.213E−02 2.000E−01 9.200E+00 1.284E−01 7.785E+00 3.627E+02 4.072E+02 1.226E−01 3.627E+02 4.072E+02 1.226E−01 2.674E−02 3.000E−01 1.380E+01 1.893E−01 5.281E+00 4.063E+02 4.497E+02 1.068E−01 4.063E+02 4.497E+02 1.068E−01 3.535E−02 4.000E−01 1.840E+01 2.491E−01 4.014E+00 4.370E+02 4.784E+02 9.497E−02 4.370E+02 4.784E+02 9.497E−02 4.350E−02 5.000E−01 2.300E+01 3.079E−01 3.248E+00 4.601E+02 4.996E+02 8.569E−02 4.601E+02 4.996E+02 8.569E−02 5.138E−02 6.000E−01 2.760E+01 3.658E−01 2.734E+00 4.785E+02 5.159E+02 7.816E−02 4.785E+02 5.159E+02 7.816E−02 5.908E−02 7.000E−01 3.220E+01 4.228E−01 2.365E+00 4.934E+02 5.288E+02 7.190E−02 4.934E+02 5.288E+02 7.190E−02 6.666E−02 8.000E−01 3.680E+01 4.790E−01 2.088E+00 5.058E+02 5.394E+02 6.659E−02 5.058E+02 5.394E+02 6.659E−02 7.416E−02 9.000E−01 4.140E+01 5.344E−01 1.871E+00 5.163E+02 5.483E+02 6.202E−02 5.163E+02 5.483E+02 6.202E−02 8.159E−02 1.000E+00 4.600E+01 5.891E−01 1.697E+00 5.253E+02 5.557E+02 5.804E−02 5.253E+02 5.557E+02 5.804E−02 8.898E−02 1.500E+00 6.900E+01 8.525E−01 1.173E+00 5.561E+02 5.806E+02 4.393E−02 5.561E+02 5.806E+02 4.393E−02 1.255E−01 2.000E+00 9.200E+01 1.101E+00 9.081E−01 5.742E+02 5.945E+02 3.532E−02 5.742E+02 5.945E+02 3.532E−02 1.616E−01 3.000E+00 1.380E+02 1.560E+00 6.409E−01 5.950E+02 6.102E+02 2.545E−02 5.950E+02 6.102E+02 2.545E−02 2.333E−01 4.000E+00 1.840E+02 1.977E+00 5.058E−01 6.076E+02 6.198E+02 2.009E−02 6.076E+02 6.198E+02 2.009E−02 3.042E−01 5.000E+00 2.300E+02 2.358E+00 4.242E−01 6.170E+02 6.274E+02 1.683E−02 6.170E+02 6.274E+02 1.683E−02 3.742E−01 6.000E+00 2.760E+02 2.708E+00 3.693E−01 6.250E+02 6.342E+02 1.475E−02 6.250E+02 6.342E+02 1.475E−02 4.430E−01 7.000E+00 3.220E+02 3.031E+00 3.299E−01 6.325E+02 6.409E+02 1.340E−02 6.325E+02 6.409E+02 1.340E−02 5.105E−01 8.000E+00 3.680E+02 3.332E+00 3.001E−01 6.396E+02 6.477E+02 1.256E−02 6.396E+02 6.477E+02 1.256E−02 5.767E−01 9.000E+00 4.140E+02 3.612E+00 2.769E−01 6.466E+02 6.544E+02 1.209E−02 6.466E+02 6.544E+02 1.209E−02 6.416E−01 1.000E+01 4.600E+02 3.873E+00 2.582E−01 6.536E+02 6.613E+02 1.190E−02 6.536E+02 6.613E+02 1.190E−02 7.051E−01 1.500E+01 6.900E+02 4.963E+00 2.015E−01 6.877E+02 6.970E+02 1.360E−02 6.877E+02 6.970E+02 1.360E−02 1.005E+00 2.000E+01 9.200E+02 5.788E+00 1.728E−01 7.209E+02 7.336E+02 1.770E−02 7.209E+02 7.336E+02 1.770E−02 1.277E+00 3.000E+01 1.380E+03 6.950E+00 1.439E−01 7.836E+02 8.058E+02 2.835E−02 7.836E+02 8.058E+02 2.835E−02 1.762E+00 4.000E+01 1.840E+03 7.717E+00 1.296E−01 8.412E+02 8.744E+02 3.950E−02 8.412E+02 8.744E+02 3.950E−02 2.188E+00 5.000E+01 2.300E+03 8.248E+00 1.212E−01 8.944E+02 9.391E+02 4.999E−02 8.936E+02 9.378E+02 4.944E−02 2.572E+00 6.000E+01 2.760E+03 8.628E+00 1.159E−01 9.437E+02 9.999E+02 5.947E−02 9.351E+02 9.856E+02 5.402E−02 2.925E+00 7.000E+01 3.220E+03 8.903E+00 1.123E−01 9.899E+02 1.057E+03 6.806E−02 9.694E+02 1.024E+03 5.638E−02 3.253E+00 8.000E+01 3.680E+03 9.106E+00 1.098E−01 1.033E+03 1.112E+03 7.578E−02 9.993E+02 1.057E+03 5.794E−02 3.561E+00 9.000E+01 4.140E+03 9.255E+00 1.081E−01 1.075E+03 1.163E+03 8.271E−02 1.026E+03 1.087E+03 5.918E−02 3.853E+00 1.000E+02 4.600E+03 9.364E+00 1.068E−01 1.114E+03 1.213E+03 8.894E−02 1.051E+03 1.114E+03 6.034E−02 4.130E+00 1.500E+02 6.900E+03 9.673E+00 1.034E−01 1.286E+03 1.430E+03 1.122E−01 1.155E+03 1.232E+03 6.613E−02 5.366E+00 2.000E+02 9.200E+03 9.948E+00 1.005E−01 1.430E+03 1.611E+03 1.269E−01 1.241E+03 1.331E+03 7.205E−02 6.435E+00 3.000E+02 1.380E+04 1.039E+01 9.621E−02 1.664E+03 1.902E+03 1.426E−01 1.383E+03 1.497E+03 8.197E−02 8.291E+00 4.000E+02 1.840E+04 1.072E+01 9.325E−02 1.853E+03 2.129E+03 1.488E−01 1.498E+03 1.631E+03 8.843E−02 9.929E+00

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

4.000E+02 1.840E+04 1.072E+01 9.325E−02 1.853E+03 2.129E+03 1.488E−01 1.498E+03 1.631E+03 8.843E−02 9.929E+00 5.000E+02 2.300E+04 1.097E+01 9.115E−02 2.010E+03 2.312E+03 1.501E−01 1.595E+03 1.741E+03 9.181E−02 1.144E+01 6.000E+02 2.760E+04 1.115E+01 8.965E−02 2.144E+03 2.463E+03 1.485E−01 1.676E+03 1.832E+03 9.279E−02 1.287E+01 7.000E+02 3.220E+04 1.129E+01 8.857E−02 2.260E+03 2.588E+03 1.452E−01 1.745E+03 1.906E+03 9.197E−02 1.425E+01 8.000E+02 3.680E+04 1.139E+01 8.782E−02 2.360E+03 2.693E+03 1.408E−01 1.804E+03 1.966E+03 8.980E−02 1.559E+01 9.000E+02 4.140E+04 1.145E+01 8.734E−02 2.447E+03 2.779E+03 1.356E−01 1.853E+03 2.013E+03 8.667E−02 1.691E+01 1.000E+03 4.600E+04 1.148E+01 8.707E−02 2.522E+03 2.850E+03 1.301E−01 1.893E+03 2.050E+03 8.291E−02 1.821E+01 1.500E+03 6.900E+04 1.137E+01 8.798E−02 2.772E+03 3.053E+03 1.011E−01 1.995E+03 2.119E+03 6.217E−02 2.488E+01 2.000E+03 9.200E+04 1.102E+01 9.075E−02 2.893E+03 3.121E+03 7.886E−02 2.001E+03 2.098E+03 4.862E−02 3.181E+01 3.000E+03 1.380E+05 1.017E+01 9.828E−02 2.957E+03 3.112E+03 5.246E−02 1.905E+03 1.986E+03 4.252E−02 4.670E+01 4.000E+03 1.840E+05 9.353E+00 1.069E−01 2.916E+03 3.036E+03 4.088E−02 1.800E+03 1.881E+03 4.529E−02 6.310E+01 5.000E+03 2.300E+05 8.626E+00 1.159E−01 2.838E+03 2.941E+03 3.635E−02 1.704E+03 1.790E+03 5.049E−02 8.105E+01 6.000E+03 2.760E+05 7.990E+00 1.251E−01 2.745E+03 2.844E+03 3.606E−02 1.617E+03 1.710E+03 5.716E−02 1.006E+02 7.000E+03 3.220E+05 7.435E+00 1.345E−01 2.648E+03 2.750E+03 3.847E−02 1.538E+03 1.638E+03 6.478E−02 1.217E+02 8.000E+03 3.680E+05 6.948E+00 1.439E−01 2.552E+03 2.661E+03 4.262E−02 1.467E+03 1.574E+03 7.292E−02 1.443E+02 9.000E+03 4.140E+05 6.519E+00 1.534E−01 2.460E+03 2.577E+03 4.769E−02 1.402E+03 1.516E+03 8.115E−02 1.684E+02 1.000E+04 4.600E+05 6.138E+00 1.629E−01 2.372E+03 2.499E+03 5.356E−02 1.343E+03 1.463E+03 8.954E−02 1.941E+02 1.500E+04 6.900E+05 4.742E+00 2.109E−01 2.003E+03 2.178E+03 8.705E−02 1.112E+03 1.257E+03 1.301E−01 3.447E+02 2.000E+04 9.200E+05 3.855E+00 2.594E−01 1.731E+03 1.941E+03 1.216E−01 9.525E+02 1.111E+03 1.669E−01 5.319E+02 3.000E+04 1.380E+06 2.791E+00 3.583E−01 1.361E+03 1.614E+03 1.859E−01 7.450E+02 9.163E+02 2.300E−01 1.015E+03 4.000E+04 1.840E+06 2.175E+00 4.597E−01 1.123E+03 1.395E+03 2.428E−01 6.149E+02 7.882E+02 2.819E−01 1.640E+03 5.000E+04 2.300E+06 1.790E+00 5.588E−01 9.639E+02 1.240E+03 2.860E−01 5.269E+02 6.981E+02 3.250E−01 2.389E+03 6.000E+04 2.760E+06 1.521E+00 6.574E−01 8.475E+02 1.121E+03 3.229E−01 4.626E+02 6.300E+02 3.619E−01 3.261E+03 7.000E+04 3.220E+06 1.324E+00 7.550E−01 7.590E+02 1.028E+03 3.542E−01 4.137E+02 5.766E+02 3.939E−01 4.246E+03 8.000E+04 3.680E+06 1.174E+00 8.519E−01 6.891E+02 9.516E+02 3.810E−01 3.750E+02 5.331E+02 4.217E−01 5.347E+03 9.000E+04 4.140E+06 1.056E+00 9.471E−01 6.328E+02 8.884E+02 4.039E−01 3.438E+02 4.972E+02 4.461E−01 6.550E+03 1.000E+05 4.600E+06 9.607E−01 1.041E+00 5.865E+02 8.349E+02 4.236E−01 3.181E+02 4.668E+02 4.675E−01 7.853E+03 1.500E+05 6.900E+06 6.720E−01 1.488E+00 4.396E+02 6.548E+02 4.898E−01 2.364E+02 3.649E+02 5.438E−01 1.572E+04 2.000E+05 9.200E+06 5.264E−01 1.900E+00 3.610E+02 5.500E+02 5.237E−01 1.926E+02 3.058E+02 5.878E−01 2.551E+04 3.000E+05 1.380E+07 3.802E−01 2.630E+00 2.780E+02 4.305E+02 5.482E−01 1.464E+02 2.384E+02 6.282E−01 4.968E+04 4.000E+05 1.840E+07 3.069E−01 3.259E+00 2.346E+02 3.628E+02 5.468E−01 1.224E+02 2.002E+02 6.365E−01 7.849E+04 5.000E+05 2.300E+07 2.626E−01 3.808E+00 2.077E+02 3.187E+02 5.350E−01 1.075E+02 1.753E+02 6.300E−01 1.108E+05 6.000E+05 2.760E+07 2.330E−01 4.293E+00 1.893E+02 2.875E+02 5.189E−01 9.747E+01 1.575E+02 6.160E−01 1.459E+05 7.000E+05 3.220E+07 2.117E−01 4.725E+00 1.760E+02 2.641E+02 5.010E−01 9.023E+01 1.442E+02 5.980E−01 1.831E+05 8.000E+05 3.680E+07 1.956E−01 5.113E+00 1.658E+02 2.459E+02 4.827E−01 8.478E+01 1.338E+02 5.782E−01 2.220E+05 9.000E+05 4.140E+07 1.830E−01 5.464E+00 1.579E+02 2.313E+02 4.648E−01 8.052E+01 1.254E+02 5.578E−01 2.623E+05 1.000E+06 4.600E+07 1.729E−01 5.785E+00 1.515E+02 2.192E+02 4.475E−01 7.712E+01 1.186E+02 5.374E−01 3.038E+05

TITANIUM-48 IONS: A=48 Z=22 (a) Instantaneous Data

∆M=−48.48770 MeV Mc2=4.4663E+04 MeV

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

1.000E−01 4.800E+00 2.149E−07 0.000E+00 1.527E−01 6.548E+00 4.356E+02 4.356E+02 1.768E−02 2.385E+02 1.500E−01 7.200E+00 3.224E−07 0.000E+00 2.275E−01 4.396E+00 4.845E+02 4.845E+02 2.283E−02 2.065E+02 2.000E−01 9.600E+00 4.299E−07 0.000E+00 2.880E−01 3.472E+00 5.121E+02 5.121E+02 2.760E−02 1.869E+02 3.000E−01 1.440E+01 6.448E−07 0.000E+00 4.254E−01 2.351E+00 5.540E+02 5.540E+02 3.651E−02 1.630E+02 4.000E−01 1.920E+01 8.598E−07 0.000E+00 5.355E−01 1.867E+00 5.757E+02 5.757E+02 4.495E−02 1.484E+02 5.000E−01 2.400E+01 1.075E−06 0.000E+00 6.538E−01 1.529E+00 5.922E+02 5.922E+02 5.311E−02 1.381E+02 6.000E−01 2.880E+01 1.290E−06 0.000E+00 7.826E−01 1.278E+00 6.049E+02 6.049E+02 6.110E−02 1.305E+02 7.000E−01 3.360E+01 1.505E−06 0.000E+00 8.791E−01 1.138E+00 6.121E+02 6.121E+02 6.896E−02 1.244E+02 8.000E−01 3.840E+01 1.720E−06 0.000E+00 9.780E−01 1.022E+00 6.179E+02 6.179E+02 7.673E−02 1.195E+02

1.154E+02 1.000E+00 4.800E+01 2.149E−06 0.000E+00 1.186E+00 8.434E−01 6.265E+02 6.265E+02 9.211E−02 1.119E+02 1.500E+00 7.200E+01 3.224E−06 0.000E+00 1.699E+00 5.887E−01 6.367E+02 6.367E+02 1.300E−01 9.972E+01 2.000E+00 9.600E+01 4.299E−06 0.000E+00 2.094E+00 4.776E−01 6.403E+02 6.403E+02 1.675E−01 9.225E+01 3.000E+00 1.440E+02 6.448E−06 0.000E+00 2.934E+00 3.409E−01 6.464E+02 6.464E+02 2.421E−01 8.315E+01 4.000E+00 1.920E+02 8.598E−06 0.000E+00 3.558E+00 2.811E−01 6.528E+02 6.528E+02 3.159E−01 7.757E+01 5.000E+00 2.400E+02 1.075E−05 0.000E+00 4.185E+00 2.390E−01 6.621E+02 6.621E+02 3.887E−01 7.368E+01 6.000E+00 2.880E+02 1.290E−05 0.000E+00 4.821E+00 2.074E−01 6.746E+02 6.746E+02 4.603E−01 7.077E+01 7.000E+00 3.360E+02 1.505E−05 0.000E+00 5.267E+00 1.899E−01 6.853E+02 6.853E+02 5.307E−01 6.847E+01 8.000E+00 3.840E+02 1.720E−05 0.000E+00 5.700E+00 1.754E−01 6.974E+02 6.974E+02 5.996E−01 6.659E+01 9.000E+00 4.320E+02 1.934E−05 0.000E+00 6.122E+00 1.634E−01 7.107E+02 7.107E+02 6.673E−01 6.503E+01 1.000E+01 4.800E+02 2.149E−05 0.000E+00 6.533E+00 1.531E−01 7.252E+02 7.252E+02 7.335E−01 6.369E+01 1.500E+01 7.200E+02 3.224E−05 0.000E+00 8.200E+00 1.219E−01 8.032E+02 8.032E+02 1.046E+00 5.905E+01 2.000E+01 9.600E+02 4.299E−05 0.000E+00 9.167E+00 1.091E−01 8.680E+02 8.680E+02 1.330E+00 5.621E+01 3.000E+01 1.440E+03 6.448E−05 0.000E+00 1.052E+01 9.503E−02 1.012E+03 1.012E+03 1.836E+00 5.275E+01 4.000E+01 1.920E+03 8.597E−05 0.000E+00 1.107E+01 9.034E−02 1.121E+03 1.121E+03 2.280E+00 5.062E+01 5.000E+01 2.400E+03 1.075E−04 0.000E+00 1.134E+01 8.821E−02 1.232E+03 1.213E+03 2.681E+00 4.914E+01 6.000E+01 2.880E+03 1.290E−04 0.000E+00 1.139E+01 8.776E−02 1.345E+03 1.253E+03 3.049E+00 4.803E+01 7.000E+01 3.360E+03 1.504E−04 0.000E+00 1.134E+01 8.821E−02 1.426E+03 1.286E+03 3.391E+00 4.716E+01 8.000E+01 3.840E+03 1.719E−04 0.000E+00 1.122E+01 8.914E−02 1.506E+03 1.321E+03 3.713E+00 4.644E+01 9.000E+01 4.320E+03 1.934E−04 0.000E+00 1.105E+01 9.047E−02 1.586E+03 1.359E+03 4.017E+00 4.585E+01 1.000E+02 4.800E+03 2.149E−04 0.000E+00 1.085E+01 9.212E−02 1.665E+03 1.399E+03 4.306E+00 4.534E+01 1.500E+02 7.200E+03 3.223E−04 0.000E+00 1.101E+01 9.079E−02 2.010E+03 1.589E+03 5.596E+00 4.357E+01 2.000E+02 9.600E+03 4.297E−04 0.000E+00 1.151E+01 8.684E−02 2.240E+03 1.727E+03 6.711E+00 4.249E+01 3.000E+02 1.440E+04 6.445E−04 0.000E+00 1.221E+01 8.190E−02 2.652E+03 1.984E+03 8.648E+00 4.117E+01 4.000E+02 1.920E+04 8.592E−04 0.000E+00 1.249E+01 8.005E−02 2.902E+03 2.141E+03 1.036E+01 4.036E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

4.000E+02 1.920E+04 8.592E−04 0.000E+00 1.249E+01 8.005E−02 2.902E+03 2.141E+03 1.036E+01 4.036E+01 5.000E+02 2.400E+04 1.074E−03 0.000E+00 1.262E+01 7.923E−02 3.109E+03 2.267E+03 1.193E+01 3.980E+01 6.000E+02 2.880E+04 1.288E−03 0.000E+00 1.261E+01 7.930E−02 3.276E+03 2.360E+03 1.342E+01 3.938E+01 7.000E+02 3.360E+04 1.503E−03 0.000E+00 1.252E+01 7.986E−02 3.368E+03 2.404E+03 1.486E+01 3.904E+01 8.000E+02 3.840E+04 1.717E−03 0.000E+00 1.237E+01 8.083E−02 3.435E+03 2.426E+03 1.626E+01 3.877E+01 9.000E+02 4.320E+04 1.932E−03 0.000E+00 1.216E+01 8.222E−02 3.478E+03 2.428E+03 1.765E+01 3.854E+01 1.000E+03 4.800E+04 2.146E−03 0.000E+00 1.189E+01 8.408E−02 3.497E+03 2.408E+03 1.902E+01 3.835E+01 1.500E+03 7.200E+04 3.216E−03 5.370E+04 1.039E+01 9.626E−02 3.401E+03 2.156E+03 2.597E+01 3.768E+01 2.000E+03 9.600E+04 4.285E−03 4.817E+04 9.385E+00 1.065E−01 3.270E+03 1.933E+03 3.319E+01 3.727E+01 3.000E+03 1.440E+05 6.417E−03 3.912E+04 7.657E+00 1.306E−01 2.951E+03 1.585E+03 4.872E+01 3.676E+01 4.000E+03 1.920E+05 8.543E−03 3.398E+04 6.646E+00 1.505E−01 2.714E+03 1.451E+03 6.584E+01 3.646E+01 5.000E+03 2.400E+05 1.066E−02 2.973E+04 5.801E+00 1.724E−01 2.489E+03 1.327E+03 8.457E+01 3.624E+01 6.000E+03 2.880E+05 1.277E−02 2.612E+04 5.077E+00 1.970E−01 2.276E+03 1.211E+03 1.050E+02 3.608E+01 7.000E+03 3.360E+05 1.488E−02 2.391E+04 4.632E+00 2.159E−01 2.136E+03 1.136E+03 1.269E+02 3.595E+01 8.000E+03 3.840E+05 1.698E−02 2.197E+04 4.243E+00 2.357E−01 2.007E+03 1.067E+03 1.505E+02 3.585E+01 9.000E+03 4.320E+05 1.907E−02 2.025E+04 3.897E+00 2.566E−01 1.887E+03 1.003E+03 1.757E+02 3.576E+01 1.000E+04 4.800E+05 2.115E−02 1.872E+04 3.588E+00 2.787E−01 1.776E+03 9.445E+02 2.025E+02 3.569E+01 1.500E+04 7.200E+05 3.148E−02 1.349E+04 2.539E+00 3.939E−01 1.366E+03 7.294E+02 3.596E+02 3.543E+01 2.000E+04 9.600E+05 4.164E−02 1.095E+04 2.033E+00 4.919E−01 1.147E+03 6.159E+02 5.550E+02 3.528E+01 3.000E+04 1.440E+06 6.149E−02 7.593E+03 1.369E+00 7.306E−01 8.334E+02 4.541E+02 1.059E+03 3.509E+01 4.000E+04 1.920E+06 8.073E−02 6.047E+03 1.066E+00 9.380E−01 6.782E+02 3.744E+02 1.712E+03 3.497E+01 5.000E+04 2.400E+06 9.939E−02 4.940E+03 8.783E−01 1.139E+00 5.799E+02 3.148E+02 2.493E+03 3.489E+01

3.483E+01 7.000E+04 3.360E+06 1.350E−01 3.645E+03 6.438E−01 1.553E+00 4.488E+02 2.422E+02 4.431E+03 3.478E+01 8.000E+04 3.840E+06 1.521E−01 3.267E+03 5.762E−01 1.735E+00 4.095E+02 2.202E+02 5.580E+03 3.474E+01 9.000E+04 4.320E+06 1.686E−01 2.952E+03 5.201E−01 1.923E+00 3.763E+02 2.016E+02 6.835E+03 3.471E+01 1.000E+05 4.800E+06 1.847E−01 2.685E+03 4.727E−01 2.115E+00 3.478E+02 1.856E+02 8.194E+03 3.468E+01 1.500E+05 7.200E+06 2.584E−01 1.875E+03 3.300E−01 3.031E+00 2.589E+02 1.358E+02 1.640E+04 3.458E+01 2.000E+05 9.600E+06 3.225E−01 1.535E+03 2.700E−01 3.704E+00 2.199E+02 1.140E+02 2.662E+04 3.452E+01 3.000E+05 1.440E+07 4.282E−01 1.132E+03 1.988E−01 5.030E+00 1.722E+02 8.766E+01 5.184E+04 3.445E+01 4.000E+05 1.920E+07 5.109E−01 9.640E+02 1.688E−01 5.923E+00 1.517E+02 7.652E+01 8.191E+04 3.440E+01 5.000E+05 2.400E+07 5.769E−01 8.504E+02 1.482E−01 6.745E+00 1.375E+02 6.897E+01 1.157E+05 3.437E+01 6.000E+05 2.880E+07 6.304E−01 7.684E+02 1.331E−01 7.510E+00 1.271E+02 6.358E+01 1.522E+05 3.435E+01 7.000E+05 3.360E+07 6.743E−01 7.241E+02 1.248E−01 8.010E+00 1.215E+02 6.072E+01 1.911E+05 3.433E+01 8.000E+05 3.840E+07 7.109E−01 6.887E+02 1.181E−01 8.468E+00 1.169E+02 5.848E+01 2.317E+05 3.432E+01 9.000E+05 4.320E+07 7.416E−01 6.597E+02 1.125E−01 8.890E+00 1.132E+02 5.671E+01 2.738E+05 3.430E+01 1.000E+06 4.800E+07 7.677E−01 6.357E+02 1.077E−01 9.282E+00 1.102E+02 5.529E+01 3.171E+05 3.429E+01

(b) Equilibrium Values

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

1.000E−01 4.800E+00 6.613E−02 1.512E+01 2.939E+02 3.365E+02 1.451E−01 2.939E+02 3.365E+02 1.451E−01 1.768E−02 1.500E−01 7.200E+00 9.746E−02 1.026E+01 3.353E+02 3.799E+02 1.330E−01 3.353E+02 3.799E+02 1.330E−01 2.283E−02 2.000E−01 9.600E+00 1.284E−01 7.788E+00 3.659E+02 4.108E+02 1.228E−01 3.659E+02 4.108E+02 1.228E−01 2.760E−02 3.000E−01 1.440E+01 1.894E−01 5.281E+00 4.098E+02 4.535E+02 1.068E−01 4.098E+02 4.535E+02 1.068E−01 3.651E−02 4.000E−01 1.920E+01 2.492E−01 4.013E+00 4.406E+02 4.824E+02 9.485E−02 4.406E+02 4.824E+02 9.485E−02 4.495E−02 5.000E−01 2.400E+01 3.080E−01 3.247E+00 4.639E+02 5.036E+02 8.549E−02 4.639E+02 5.036E+02 8.549E−02 5.311E−02 6.000E−01 2.880E+01 3.660E−01 2.733E+00 4.823E+02 5.198E+02 7.791E−02 4.823E+02 5.198E+02 7.791E−02 6.110E−02 7.000E−01 3.360E+01 4.230E−01 2.364E+00 4.972E+02 5.328E+02 7.161E−02 4.972E+02 5.328E+02 7.161E−02 6.896E−02 8.000E−01 3.840E+01 4.792E−01 2.087E+00 5.096E+02 5.434E+02 6.627E−02 5.096E+02 5.434E+02 6.627E−02 7.673E−02 9.000E−01 4.320E+01 5.347E−01 1.870E+00 5.201E+02 5.522E+02 6.169E−02 5.201E+02 5.522E+02 6.169E−02 8.444E−02 1.000E+00 4.800E+01 5.895E−01 1.696E+00 5.291E+02 5.596E+02 5.769E−02 5.291E+02 5.596E+02 5.769E−02 9.211E−02 1.500E+00 7.200E+01 8.533E−01 1.172E+00 5.598E+02 5.842E+02 4.356E−02 5.598E+02 5.842E+02 4.356E−02 1.300E−01 2.000E+00 9.600E+01 1.102E+00 9.073E−01 5.778E+02 5.979E+02 3.495E−02 5.778E+02 5.979E+02 3.495E−02 1.675E−01 3.000E+00 1.440E+02 1.562E+00 6.403E−01 5.982E+02 6.132E+02 2.511E−02 5.982E+02 6.132E+02 2.511E−02 2.421E−01 4.000E+00 1.920E+02 1.979E+00 5.054E−01 6.105E+02 6.225E+02 1.977E−02 6.105E+02 6.225E+02 1.977E−02 3.159E−01 5.000E+00 2.400E+02 2.360E+00 4.237E−01 6.196E+02 6.299E+02 1.653E−02 6.196E+02 6.299E+02 1.653E−02 3.887E−01 6.000E+00 2.880E+02 2.710E+00 3.689E−01 6.275E+02 6.366E+02 1.446E−02 6.275E+02 6.366E+02 1.446E−02 4.603E−01 7.000E+00 3.360E+02 3.034E+00 3.296E−01 6.348E+02 6.431E+02 1.311E−02 6.348E+02 6.431E+02 1.311E−02 5.307E−01 8.000E+00 3.840E+02 3.335E+00 2.998E−01 6.418E+02 6.497E+02 1.227E−02 6.418E+02 6.497E+02 1.227E−02 5.996E−01 9.000E+00 4.320E+02 3.615E+00 2.766E−01 6.487E+02 6.563E+02 1.179E−02 6.487E+02 6.563E+02 1.179E−02 6.673E−01 1.000E+01 4.800E+02 3.877E+00 2.579E−01 6.555E+02 6.631E+02 1.159E−02 6.555E+02 6.631E+02 1.159E−02 7.335E−01 1.500E+01 7.200E+02 4.967E+00 2.013E−01 6.893E+02 6.985E+02 1.326E−02 6.893E+02 6.985E+02 1.326E−02 1.046E+00 2.000E+01 9.600E+02 5.792E+00 1.727E−01 7.223E+02 7.348E+02 1.732E−02 7.223E+02 7.348E+02 1.732E−02 1.330E+00 3.000E+01 1.440E+03 6.954E+00 1.438E−01 7.848E+02 8.067E+02 2.793E−02 7.848E+02 8.067E+02 2.793E−02 1.836E+00 4.000E+01 1.920E+03 7.721E+00 1.295E−01 8.423E+02 8.752E+02 3.904E−02 8.423E+02 8.752E+02 3.904E−02 2.280E+00 5.000E+01 2.400E+03 8.253E+00 1.212E−01 8.954E+02 9.397E+02 4.953E−02 8.943E+02 9.379E+02 4.876E−02 2.681E+00 6.000E+01 2.880E+03 8.632E+00 1.159E−01 9.447E+02 1.000E+03 5.904E−02 9.357E+02 9.858E+02 5.345E−02 3.049E+00 7.000E+01 3.360E+03 8.907E+00 1.123E−01 9.909E+02 1.058E+03 6.761E−02 9.701E+02 1.024E+03 5.586E−02 3.391E+00 8.000E+01 3.840E+03 9.109E+00 1.098E−01 1.034E+03 1.112E+03 7.530E−02 1.000E+03 1.057E+03 5.743E−02 3.713E+00 9.000E+01 4.320E+03 9.258E+00 1.080E−01 1.075E+03 1.164E+03 8.224E−02 1.027E+03 1.087E+03 5.872E−02 4.017E+00 1.000E+02 4.800E+03 9.367E+00 1.068E−01 1.115E+03 1.213E+03 8.848E−02 1.052E+03 1.115E+03 5.989E−02 4.306E+00 1.500E+02 7.200E+03 9.679E+00 1.033E−01 1.286E+03 1.430E+03 1.118E−01 1.156E+03 1.232E+03 6.578E−02 5.596E+00 2.000E+02 9.600E+03 9.953E+00 1.005E−01 1.430E+03 1.611E+03 1.265E−01 1.242E+03 1.331E+03 7.174E−02 6.711E+00 3.000E+02 1.440E+04 1.040E+01 9.617E−02 1.665E+03 1.902E+03 1.422E−01 1.384E+03 1.497E+03 8.172E−02 8.648E+00 4.000E+02 1.920E+04 1.073E+01 9.322E−02 1.854E+03 2.129E+03 1.485E−01 1.499E+03 1.631E+03 8.821E−02 1.036E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

4.000E+02 1.920E+04 1.073E+01 9.322E−02 1.854E+03 2.129E+03 1.485E−01 1.499E+03 1.631E+03 8.821E−02 1.036E+01 5.000E+02 2.400E+04 1.097E+01 9.113E−02 2.011E+03 2.312E+03 1.498E−01 1.595E+03 1.741E+03 9.162E−02 1.193E+01 6.000E+02 2.880E+04 1.116E+01 8.963E−02 2.145E+03 2.463E+03 1.483E−01 1.677E+03 1.832E+03 9.261E−02 1.342E+01 7.000E+02 3.360E+04 1.129E+01 8.855E−02 2.261E+03 2.588E+03 1.450E−01 1.746E+03 1.906E+03 9.180E−02 1.486E+01 8.000E+02 3.840E+04 1.139E+01 8.781E−02 2.361E+03 2.693E+03 1.406E−01 1.804E+03 1.966E+03 8.964E−02 1.626E+01 9.000E+02 4.320E+04 1.145E+01 8.732E−02 2.448E+03 2.779E+03 1.354E−01 1.853E+03 2.013E+03 8.651E−02 1.765E+01 1.000E+03 4.800E+04 1.149E+01 8.706E−02 2.524E+03 2.851E+03 1.298E−01 1.893E+03 2.050E+03 8.272E−02 1.902E+01 1.500E+03 7.200E+04 1.136E+01 8.800E−02 2.772E+03 3.053E+03 1.014E-01 1.995E+03 2.119E+03 6.247E−02 2.597E+01 2.000E+03 9.600E+04 1.102E+01 9.075E−02 2.893E+03 3.121E+03 7.876E−02 2.001E+03 2.098E+03 4.855E−02 3.319E+01 3.000E+03 1.440E+05 1.017E+01 9.830E−02 2.956E+03 3.112E+03 5.262E−02 1.904E+03 1.985E+03 4.282E−02 4.872E+01 4.000E+03 1.920E+05 9.356E+00 1.069E−01 2.917E+03 3.036E+03 4.050E−02 1.800E+03 1.881E+03 4.500E−02 6.584E+01 5.000E+03 2.400E+05 8.627E+00 1.159E−01 2.839E+03 2.941E+03 3.620E−02 1.704E+03 1.790E+03 5.038E−02 8.457E+01 6.000E+03 2.880E+05 7.991E+00 1.251E−01 2.745E+03 2.844E+03 3.602E−02 1.617E+03 1.709E+03 5.714E−02 1.050E+02 7.000E+03 3.360E+05 7.435E+00 1.345E−01 2.648E+03 2.750E+03 3.846E−02 1.538E+03 1.638E+03 6.476E−02 1.269E+02 8.000E+03 3.840E+05 6.949E+00 1.439E−01 2.552E+03 2.661E+03 4.247E−02 1.467E+03 1.573E+03 7.276E−02 1.505E+02 9.000E+03 4.320E+05 6.520E+00 1.534E−01 2.460E+03 2.577E+03 4.762E−02 1.402E+03 1.515E+03 8.105E−02 1.757E+02 1.000E+04 4.800E+05 6.139E+00 1.629E−01 2.372E+03 2.499E+03 5.352E−02 1.343E+03 1.463E+03 8.946E−02 2.025E+02 1.500E+04 7.200E+05 4.742E+00 2.109E−01 2.003E+03 2.178E+03 8.701E−02 1.112E+03 1.256E+03 1.300E−01 3.596E+02 2.000E+04 9.600E+05 3.855E+00 2.594E−01 1.731E+03 1.941E+03 1.216E−01 9.523E+02 1.111E+03 1.669E−01 5.550E+02 3.000E+04 1.440E+06 2.791E+00 3.583E−01 1.361E+03 1.614E+03 1.858E−01 7.449E+02 9.161E+02 2.299E−01 1.059E+03 4.000E+04 1.920E+06 2.175E+00 4.597E−01 1.123E+03 1.395E+03 2.429E−01 6.148E+02 7.881E+02 2.818E−01 1.712E+03 5.000E+04 2.400E+06 1.788E+00 5.593E−01 9.629E+02 1.240E+03 2.873E−01 5.268E+02 6.980E+02 3.250E−01 2.493E+03 6.000E+04 2.880E+06 1.520E+00 6.580E−01 8.467E+02 1.121E+03 3.239E−01 4.625E+02 6.299E+02 3.619E−01 3.403E+03 7.000E+04 3.360E+06 1.324E+00 7.555E−01 7.584E+02 1.028E+03 3.550E−01 4.136E+02 5.765E+02 3.939E−01 4.431E+03 8.000E+04 3.840E+06 1.173E+00 8.524E−01 6.886E+02 9.513E+02 3.816E−01 3.749E+02 5.330E+02 4.217E−01 5.580E+03 9.000E+04 4.320E+06 1.055E+00 9.477E−01 6.324E+02 8.882E+02 4.044E−01 3.438E+02 4.971E+02 4.461E−01 6.835E+03 1.000E+05 4.800E+06 9.601E−01 1.042E+00 5.862E+02 8.347E+02 4.240E−01 3.181E+02 4.667E+02 4.675E−01 8.194E+03 1.500E+05 7.200E+06 6.718E−01 1.489E+00 4.394E+02 6.546E+02 4.897E−01 2.364E+02 3.649E+02 5.437E−01 1.640E+04 2.000E+05 9.600E+06 5.263E−01 1.900E+00 3.609E+02 5.498E+02 5.236E−01 1.926E+02 3.058E+02 5.878E−01 2.662E+04 3.000E+05 1.440E+07 3.801E−01 2.631E+00 2.780E+02 4.303E+02 5.479E−01 1.464E+02 2.384E+02 6.281E−01 5.184E+04 4.000E+05 1.920E+07 3.068E−01 3.259E+00 2.345E+02 3.627E+02 5.466E−01 1.223E+02 2.002E+02 6.365E−01 8.191E+04 5.000E+05 2.400E+07 2.626E−01 3.809E+00 2.076E+02 3.186E+02 5.347E−01 1.075E+02 1.752E+02 6.299E−01 1.157E+05 6.000E+05 2.880E+07 2.329E−01 4.293E+00 1.893E+02 2.874E+02 5.185E−01 9.747E+01 1.575E+02 6.159E−01 1.522E+05 7.000E+05 3.360E+07 2.116E−01 4.725E+00 1.759E+02 2.640E+02 5.007E−01 9.023E+01 1.442E+02 5.980E−01 1.911E+05 8.000E+05 3.840E+07 1.956E−01 5.113E+00 1.658E+02 2.458E+02 4.824E−01 8.477E+01 1.338E+02 5.781E−01 2.317E+05 9.000E+05 4.320E+07 1.830E−01 5.465E+00 1.579E+02 2.312E+02 4.644E−01 8.052E+01 1.254E+02 5.576E−01 2.738E+05 1.000E+06 4.800E+07 1.729E−01 5.785E+00 1.515E+02 2.192E+02 4.471E−01 7.712E+01 1.185E+02 5.373E−01 3.171E+05

VANADIUM-51 IONS: A=51 Z=23 (a) Instantaneous Data

∆M=−52.19910 MeV Mc2=4.7454E+04 MeV

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

1.000E−01 5.100E+00 2.149E−07 0.000E+00 1.564E−01 6.393E+00 4.561E+02 4.561E+02 1.811E−02 2.447E+02 1.500E−01 7.650E+00 3.224E−07 0.000E+00 2.211E−01 4.524E+00 5.009E+02 5.009E+02 2.337E−02 2.118E+02 2.000E−01 1.020E+01 4.299E−07 0.000E+00 2.951E−01 3.388E+00 5.366E+02 5.366E+02 2.824E−02 1.916E+02 3.000E−01 1.530E+01 6.448E−07 0.000E+00 4.141E−01 2.415E+00 5.752E+02 5.752E+02 3.732E−02 1.670E+02 4.000E−01 2.040E+01 8.598E−07 0.000E+00 5.491E−01 1.821E+00 6.036E+02 6.036E+02 4.590E−02 1.519E+02 5.000E−01 2.550E+01 1.075E−06 0.000E+00 6.705E−01 1.491E+00 6.210E+02 6.210E+02 5.420E−02 1.414E+02 6.000E−01 3.060E+01 1.290E−06 0.000E+00 7.635E−01 1.310E+00 6.310E+02 6.310E+02 6.231E−02 1.335E+02 7.000E−01 3.570E+01 1.505E−06 0.000E+00 9.019E−01 1.109E+00 6.421E+02 6.421E+02 7.030E−02 1.273E+02 8.000E−01 4.080E+01 1.720E−06 0.000E+00 1.004E+00 9.965E−01 6.482E+02 6.482E+02 7.819E−02 1.222E+02

1.180E+02 1.000E+00 5.100E+01 2.149E−06 0.000E+00 1.217E+00 8.218E−01 6.573E+02 6.573E+02 9.378E−02 1.144E+02 1.500E+00 7.650E+01 3.224E−06 0.000E+00 1.664E+00 6.011E−01 6.671E+02 6.671E+02 1.322E−01 1.018E+02 2.000E+00 1.020E+02 4.299E−06 0.000E+00 2.150E+00 4.651E−01 6.719E+02 6.719E+02 1.702E−01 9.414E+01 3.000E+00 1.530E+02 6.448E−06 0.000E+00 2.884E+00 3.467E−01 6.770E+02 6.770E+02 2.458E−01 8.476E+01 4.000E+00 2.040E+02 8.598E−06 0.000E+00 3.656E+00 2.735E−01 6.845E+02 6.845E+02 3.206E−01 7.902E+01 5.000E+00 2.550E+02 1.075E−05 0.000E+00 4.300E+00 2.325E−01 6.939E+02 6.939E+02 3.946E−01 7.501E+01 6.000E+00 3.060E+02 1.290E−05 0.000E+00 4.765E+00 2.099E−01 7.026E+02 7.026E+02 4.674E−01 7.201E+01 7.000E+00 3.570E+02 1.505E−05 0.000E+00 5.413E+00 1.848E−01 7.177E+02 7.177E+02 5.390E−01 6.964E+01 8.000E+00 4.080E+02 1.720E−05 0.000E+00 5.857E+00 1.707E−01 7.300E+02 7.300E+02 6.092E−01 6.771E+01 9.000E+00 4.590E+02 1.934E−05 0.000E+00 6.290E+00 1.590E−01 7.437E+02 7.437E+02 6.782E−01 6.610E+01 1.000E+01 5.100E+02 2.149E−05 0.000E+00 6.711E+00 1.490E−01 7.587E+02 7.587E+02 7.459E−01 6.472E+01 1.500E+01 7.650E+02 3.224E−05 0.000E+00 8.192E+00 1.221E−01 8.263E+02 8.263E+02 1.065E+00 5.995E+01 2.000E+01 1.020E+03 4.299E−05 0.000E+00 9.405E+00 1.063E−01 9.063E+02 9.063E+02 1.357E+00 5.702E+01 3.000E+01 1.530E+03 6.448E−05 0.000E+00 1.063E+01 9.411E−02 1.033E+03 1.033E+03 1.877E+00 5.345E+01 4.000E+01 2.040E+03 8.597E−05 0.000E+00 1.133E+01 8.828E−02 1.168E+03 1.168E+03 2.335E+00 5.127E+01 5.000E+01 2.550E+03 1.075E−04 0.000E+00 1.159E+01 8.628E−02 1.284E+03 1.254E+03 2.748E+00 4.974E+01 6.000E+01 3.060E+03 1.290E−04 0.000E+00 1.164E+01 8.589E−02 1.367E+03 1.283E+03 3.127E+00 4.860E+01 7.000E+01 3.570E+03 1.504E−04 0.000E+00 1.157E+01 8.642E−02 1.486E+03 1.330E+03 3.480E+00 4.770E+01 8.000E+01 4.080E+03 1.719E−04 0.000E+00 1.144E+01 8.738E−02 1.570E+03 1.367E+03 3.812E+00 4.696E+01 9.000E+01 4.590E+03 1.934E−04 0.000E+00 1.127E+01 8.872E−02 1.652E+03 1.406E+03 4.126E+00 4.635E+01 1.000E+02 5.100E+03 2.149E−04 0.000E+00 1.106E+01 9.038E−02 1.735E+03 1.447E+03 4.425E+00 4.582E+01 1.500E+02 7.650E+03 3.223E−04 0.000E+00 1.124E+01 8.897E−02 2.043E+03 1.616E+03 5.756E+00 4.401E+01 2.000E+02 1.020E+04 4.298E−04 0.000E+00 1.188E+01 8.415E−02 2.335E+03 1.790E+03 6.906E+00 4.289E+01 3.000E+02 1.530E+04 6.445E−04 0.000E+00 1.253E+01 7.982E−02 2.707E+03 2.022E+03 8.902E+00 4.153E+01 4.000E+02 2.040E+04 8.592E−04 0.000E+00 1.291E+01 7.745E−02 3.026E+03 2.224E+03 1.066E+01 4.070E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

4.000E+02 2.040E+04 8.592E−04 0.000E+00 1.291E+01 7.745E−02 3.026E+03 2.224E+03 1.066E+01 4.070E+01 5.000E+02 2.550E+04 1.074E−03 0.000E+00 1.305E+01 7.662E−02 3.243E+03 2.356E+03 1.228E+01 4.012E+01 6.000E+02 3.060E+04 1.288E−03 0.000E+00 1.306E+01 7.654E−02 3.373E+03 2.431E+03 1.381E+01 3.969E+01 7.000E+02 3.570E+04 1.503E−03 0.000E+00 1.296E+01 7.714E−02 3.516E+03 2.502E+03 1.528E+01 3.934E+01 8.000E+02 4.080E+04 1.717E−03 0.000E+00 1.281E+01 7.803E−02 3.587E+03 2.527E+03 1.671E+01 3.906E+01 9.000E+02 4.590E+04 1.932E−03 0.000E+00 1.260E+01 7.933E−02 3.634E+03 2.531E+03 1.812E+01 3.883E+01 1.000E+03 5.100E+04 2.146E−03 0.000E+00 1.233E+01 8.107E−02 3.656E+03 2.512E+03 1.952E+01 3.863E+01 1.500E+03 7.650E+04 3.216E−03 5.709E+04 1.103E+01 9.070E−02 3.586E+03 2.302E+03 2.656E+01 3.794E+01 2.000E+03 1.020E+05 4.285E−03 5.019E+04 9.778E+00 1.023E−01 3.432E+03 2.030E+03 3.384E+01 3.751E+01 3.000E+03 1.530E+05 6.417E−03 4.211E+04 8.237E+00 1.214E−01 3.155E+03 1.696E+03 4.945E+01 3.700E+01 4.000E+03 2.040E+05 8.543E−03 3.559E+04 6.956E+00 1.438E−01 2.860E+03 1.529E+03 6.657E+01 3.668E+01 5.000E+03 2.550E+05 1.066E−02 3.120E+04 6.081E+00 1.644E−01 2.626E+03 1.400E+03 8.525E+01 3.646E+01 6.000E+03 3.060E+05 1.277E−02 2.847E+04 5.535E+00 1.807E−01 2.467E+03 1.313E+03 1.055E+02 3.629E+01 7.000E+03 3.570E+05 1.488E−02 2.515E+04 4.867E+00 2.055E−01 2.258E+03 1.201E+03 1.273E+02 3.616E+01 8.000E+03 4.080E+05 1.698E−02 2.313E+04 4.461E+00 2.241E−01 2.123E+03 1.129E+03 1.507E+02 3.606E+01 9.000E+03 4.590E+05 1.907E−02 2.134E+04 4.101E+00 2.438E−01 1.998E+03 1.062E+03 1.756E+02 3.597E+01 1.000E+04 5.100E+05 2.115E−02 1.973E+04 3.778E+00 2.647E−01 1.881E+03 1.000E+03 2.021E+02 3.589E+01 1.500E+04 7.650E+05 3.148E−02 1.491E+04 2.810E+00 3.559E−01 1.504E+03 8.027E+02 3.570E+02 3.563E+01 2.000E+04 1.020E+06 4.164E−02 1.160E+04 2.148E+00 4.654E−01 1.219E+03 6.548E+02 5.489E+02 3.547E+01 3.000E+04 1.530E+06 6.149E−02 8.470E+03 1.530E+00 6.536E−01 9.271E+02 5.045E+02 1.042E+03 3.527E+01 4.000E+04 2.040E+06 8.074E−02 6.429E+03 1.130E+00 8.848E−01 7.225E+02 3.994E+02 1.680E+03 3.515E+01 5.000E+04 2.550E+06 9.939E−02 5.258E+03 9.339E−01 1.071E+00 6.196E+02 3.362E+02 2.441E+03 3.506E+01

3.500E+01 7.000E+04 3.570E+06 1.350E−01 4.088E+03 7.222E−01 1.385E+00 5.012E+02 2.706E+02 4.330E+03 3.495E+01 8.000E+04 4.080E+06 1.521E−01 3.484E+03 6.142E−01 1.628E+00 4.384E+02 2.355E+02 5.445E+03 3.491E+01 9.000E+04 4.590E+06 1.686E−01 3.149E+03 5.546E−01 1.803E+00 4.031E+02 2.157E+02 6.666E+03 3.488E+01 1.000E+05 5.100E+06 1.847E−01 2.865E+03 5.043E−01 1.983E+00 3.727E+02 1.987E+02 7.988E+03 3.485E+01 1.500E+05 7.650E+06 2.584E−01 2.100E+03 3.694E−01 2.707E+00 2.886E+02 1.515E+02 1.596E+04 3.475E+01 2.000E+05 1.020E+07 3.225E−01 1.643E+03 2.891E−01 3.460E+00 2.364E+02 1.224E+02 2.590E+04 3.469E+01 3.000E+05 1.530E+07 4.282E−01 1.262E+03 2.217E−01 4.512E+00 1.912E+02 9.745E+01 5.041E+04 3.461E+01 4.000E+05 2.040E+07 5.109E−01 1.037E+03 1.815E−01 5.510E+00 1.637E+02 8.253E+01 7.966E+04 3.457E+01 5.000E+05 2.550E+07 5.769E−01 9.443E+02 1.647E−01 6.071E+00 1.522E+02 7.637E+01 1.125E+05 3.453E+01 6.000E+05 3.060E+07 6.304E−01 8.518E+02 1.477E−01 6.770E+00 1.405E+02 7.027E+01 1.480E+05 3.451E+01 7.000E+05 3.570E+07 6.743E−01 8.017E+02 1.384E−01 7.227E+00 1.341E+02 6.702E+01 1.858E+05 3.449E+01 8.000E+05 4.080E+07 7.109E−01 7.449E+02 1.275E−01 7.840E+00 1.268E+02 6.343E+01 2.252E+05 3.447E+01 9.000E+05 4.590E+07 7.416E−01 7.142E+02 1.216E−01 8.225E+00 1.229E+02 6.157E+01 2.661E+05 3.446E+01 1.000E+06 5.100E+07 7.677E−01 7.017E+02 1.191E−01 8.396E+00 1.213E+02 6.083E+01 3.082E+05 3.445E+01

(b) Equilibrium Values

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

1.000E−01 5.100E+00 6.570E−02 1.522E+01 3.037E+02 3.490E+02 1.492E−01 3.037E+02 3.490E+02 1.492E−01 1.811E−02 1.500E−01 7.650E+00 9.689E−02 1.032E+01 3.470E+02 3.945E+02 1.368E−01 3.470E+02 3.945E+02 1.368E−01 2.337E−02 2.000E−01 1.020E+01 1.278E−01 7.827E+00 3.792E+02 4.270E+02 1.263E−01 3.792E+02 4.270E+02 1.263E−01 2.824E−02 3.000E−01 1.530E+01 1.886E−01 5.303E+00 4.253E+02 4.720E+02 1.099E−01 4.253E+02 4.720E+02 1.099E−01 3.732E−02 4.000E−01 2.040E+01 2.483E−01 4.027E+00 4.578E+02 5.026E+02 9.770E−02 4.578E+02 5.026E+02 9.770E−02 4.590E−02 5.000E−01 2.550E+01 3.071E−01 3.256E+00 4.825E+02 5.250E+02 8.814E−02 4.825E+02 5.250E+02 8.814E−02 5.420E−02 6.000E−01 3.060E+01 3.650E−01 2.740E+00 5.020E+02 5.423E+02 8.039E−02 5.020E+02 5.423E+02 8.039E−02 6.231E−02 7.000E−01 3.570E+01 4.221E−01 2.369E+00 5.178E+02 5.561E+02 7.395E−02 5.178E+02 5.561E+02 7.395E−02 7.030E−02 8.000E−01 4.080E+01 4.784E−01 2.090E+00 5.310E+02 5.674E+02 6.849E−02 5.310E+02 5.674E+02 6.849E−02 7.819E−02 9.000E−01 4.590E+01 5.340E−01 1.873E+00 5.422E+02 5.768E+02 6.379E−02 5.422E+02 5.768E+02 6.379E−02 8.601E−02 1.000E+00 5.100E+01 5.888E−01 1.698E+00 5.518E+02 5.848E+02 5.970E−02 5.518E+02 5.848E+02 5.970E−02 9.378E−02 1.500E+00 7.650E+01 8.534E−01 1.172E+00 5.847E+02 6.112E+02 4.518E−02 5.847E+02 6.112E+02 4.518E−02 1.322E−01 2.000E+00 1.020E+02 1.103E+00 9.063E−01 6.040E+02 6.260E+02 3.631E−02 6.040E+02 6.260E+02 3.631E−02 1.702E−01 3.000E+00 1.530E+02 1.566E+00 6.384E−01 6.260E+02 6.423E+02 2.610E−02 6.260E+02 6.423E+02 2.610E−02 2.458E−01 4.000E+00 2.040E+02 1.987E+00 5.032E−01 6.390E+02 6.521E+02 2.053E−02 6.390E+02 6.521E+02 2.053E−02 3.206E−01 5.000E+00 2.550E+02 2.373E+00 4.215E−01 6.485E+02 6.596E+02 1.712E−02 6.485E+02 6.596E+02 1.712E−02 3.946E−01 6.000E+00 3.060E+02 2.728E+00 3.666E−01 6.566E+02 6.664E+02 1.491E−02 6.566E+02 6.664E+02 1.491E−02 4.674E−01 7.000E+00 3.570E+02 3.057E+00 3.272E−01 6.640E+02 6.729E+02 1.345E−02 6.640E+02 6.729E+02 1.345E−02 5.390E−01 8.000E+00 4.080E+02 3.362E+00 2.974E−01 6.711E+02 6.795E+02 1.251E−02 6.711E+02 6.795E+02 1.251E−02 6.092E−01 9.000E+00 4.590E+02 3.647E+00 2.742E−01 6.781E+02 6.862E+02 1.193E−02 6.781E+02 6.862E+02 1.193E−02 6.782E−01 1.000E+01 5.100E+02 3.913E+00 2.555E−01 6.849E+02 6.929E+02 1.164E−02 6.849E+02 6.929E+02 1.164E−02 7.459E−01 1.500E+01 7.650E+02 5.025E+00 1.990E−01 7.189E+02 7.282E+02 1.286E−02 7.189E+02 7.282E+02 1.286E−02 1.065E+00 2.000E+01 1.020E+03 5.870E+00 1.704E−01 7.522E+02 7.647E+02 1.652E−02 7.522E+02 7.647E+02 1.652E−02 1.357E+00 3.000E+01 1.530E+03 7.063E+00 1.416E−01 8.156E+02 8.372E+02 2.650E−02 8.156E+02 8.372E+02 2.650E−02 1.877E+00 4.000E+01 2.040E+03 7.853E+00 1.273E−01 8.741E+02 9.066E+02 3.719E−02 8.741E+02 9.066E+02 3.719E−02 2.335E+00 5.000E+01 2.550E+03 8.402E+00 1.190E−01 9.282E+02 9.722E+02 4.737E−02 9.274E+02 9.708E+02 4.682E−02 2.748E+00 6.000E+01 3.060E+03 8.794E+00 1.137E−01 9.786E+02 1.034E+03 5.668E−02 9.694E+02 1.019E+03 5.127E−02 3.127E+00 7.000E+01 3.570E+03 9.080E+00 1.101E−01 1.026E+03 1.093E+03 6.514E−02 1.004E+03 1.058E+03 5.357E−02 3.480E+00 8.000E+01 4.080E+03 9.291E+00 1.076E−01 1.070E+03 1.148E+03 7.277E−02 1.035E+03 1.092E+03 5.507E−02 3.812E+00 9.000E+01 4.590E+03 9.446E+00 1.059E−01 1.112E+03 1.201E+03 7.966E−02 1.062E+03 1.122E+03 5.630E−02 4.126E+00 1.000E+02 5.100E+03 9.561E+00 1.046E−01 1.152E+03 1.251E+03 8.590E−02 1.087E+03 1.149E+03 5.745E−02 4.425E+00 1.500E+02 7.650E+03 9.891E+00 1.011E-01 1.329E+03 1.474E+03 1.094E−01 1.193E+03 1.268E+03 6.331E−02 5.756E+00 2.000E+02 1.020E+04 1.018E+01 9.822E−02 1.477E+03 1.660E+03 1.244E−01 1.280E+03 1.369E+03 6.940E−02 6.906E+00 3.000E+02 1.530E+04 1.065E+01 9.387E−02 1.719E+03 1.960E+03 1.407E−01 1.425E+03 1.539E+03 7.979E−02 8.902E+00 4.000E+02 2.040E+04 1.100E+01 9.089E−02 1.913E+03 2.196E+03 1.475E−01 1.544E+03 1.678E+03 8.682E−02 1.066E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

4.000E+02 2.040E+04 1.100E+01 9.089E−02 1.913E+03 2.196E+03 1.475E−01 1.544E+03 1.678E+03 8.682E−02 1.066E+01 5.000E+02 2.550E+04 1.127E+01 8.876E−02 2.077E+03 2.387E+03 1.494E−01 1.644E+03 1.793E+03 9.078E−02 1.228E+01 6.000E+02 3.060E+04 1.147E+01 8.722E−02 2.216E+03 2.545E+03 1.484E−01 1.728E+03 1.888E+03 9.231E−02 1.381E+01 7.000E+02 3.570E+04 1.162E+01 8.609E−02 2.336E+03 2.676E+03 1.456E−01 1.801E+03 1.966E+03 9.198E−02 1.528E+01 8.000E+02 4.080E+04 1.172E+01 8.530E−02 2.441E+03 2.787E+03 1.416E−01 1.862E+03 2.030E+03 9.029E−02 1.671E+01 9.000E+02 4.590E+04 1.180E+01 8.475E−02 2.533E+03 2.879E+03 1.368E−01 1.914E+03 2.082E+03 8.757E−02 1.812E+01 1.000E+03 5.100E+04 1.185E+01 8.442E−02 2.613E+03 2.956E+03 1.315E−01 1.958E+03 2.123E+03 8.412E−02 1.952E+01 1.500E+03 7.650E+04 1.177E+01 8.495E−02 2.881E+03 3.179E+03 1.036E−01 2.074E+03 2.207E+03 6.407E−02 2.656E+01 2.000E+03 1.020E+05 1.145E+01 8.730E−02 3.015E+03 3.260E+03 8.105E−02 2.090E+03 2.194E+03 4.962E−02 3.384E+01 3.000E+03 1.530E+05 1.063E+01 9.412E−02 3.094E+03 3.264E+03 5.480E−02 2.000E+03 2.085E+03 4.266E−02 4.945E+01 4.000E+03 2.040E+05 9.813E+00 1.019E−01 3.066E+03 3.193E+03 4.172E−02 1.896E+03 1.979E+03 4.383E−02 6.657E+01 5.000E+03 2.550E+05 9.079E+00 1.101E−01 2.992E+03 3.101E+03 3.640E−02 1.800E+03 1.887E+03 4.821E−02 8.525E+01 6.000E+03 3.060E+05 8.432E+00 1.186E−01 2.901E+03 3.004E+03 3.547E−02 1.712E+03 1.805E+03 5.426E−02 1.055E+02 7.000E+03 3.570E+05 7.866E+00 1.271E−01 2.805E+03 2.909E+03 3.707E−02 1.632E+03 1.732E+03 6.108E−02 1.273E+02 8.000E+03 4.080E+05 7.365E+00 1.358E−01 2.709E+03 2.819E+03 4.060E−02 1.559E+03 1.666E+03 6.863E−02 1.507E+02 9.000E+03 4.590E+05 6.922E+00 1.445E−01 2.615E+03 2.733E+03 4.515E−02 1.492E+03 1.606E+03 7.635E−02 1.756E+02 1.000E+04 5.100E+05 6.528E+00 1.532E−01 2.525E+03 2.653E+03 5.046E−02 1.431E+03 1.552E+03 8.420E−02 2.021E+02 1.500E+04 7.650E+05 5.071E+00 1.972E−01 2.144E+03 2.320E+03 8.189E−02 1.191E+03 1.337E+03 1.228E−01 3.570E+02 2.000E+04 1.020E+06 4.138E+00 2.416E−01 1.860E+03 2.073E+03 1.149E−01 1.024E+03 1.186E+03 1.581E−01 5.489E+02 3.000E+04 1.530E+06 3.011E+00 3.321E−01 1.470E+03 1.730E+03 1.769E−01 8.045E+02 9.807E+02 2.191E−01 1.042E+03 4.000E+04 2.040E+06 2.354E+00 4.248E−01 1.216E+03 1.498E+03 2.322E−01 6.660E+02 8.455E+02 2.695E−01 1.680E+03 5.000E+04 2.550E+06 1.941E+00 5.153E−01 1.046E+03 1.333E+03 2.744E−01 5.718E+02 7.500E+02 3.115E−01 2.441E+03 6.000E+04 3.060E+06 1.652E+00 6.054E−01 9.209E+02 1.207E+03 3.106E−01 5.027E+02 6.776E+02 3.479E−01 3.327E+03 7.000E+04 3.570E+06 1.440E+00 6.946E−01 8.254E+02 1.107E+03 3.414E−01 4.500E+02 6.207E+02 3.793E−01 4.330E+03 8.000E+04 4.080E+06 1.277E+00 7.828E−01 7.502E+02 1.026E+03 3.678E−01 4.083E+02 5.744E+02 4.069E−01 5.445E+03 9.000E+04 4.590E+06 1.150E+00 8.698E−01 6.894E+02 9.586E+02 3.905E−01 3.746E+02 5.361E+02 4.311E−01 6.666E+03 1.000E+05 5.100E+06 1.047E+00 9.555E−01 6.392E+02 9.013E+02 4.101E−01 3.467E+02 5.036E+02 4.524E−01 7.988E+03 1.500E+05 7.650E+06 7.331E−01 1.364E+00 4.797E+02 7.082E+02 4.764E−01 2.580E+02 3.944E+02 5.287E−01 1.596E+04 2.000E+05 1.020E+07 5.746E−01 1.740E+00 3.941E+02 5.955E+02 5.108E−01 2.103E+02 3.309E+02 5.732E−01 2.590E+04 3.000E+05 1.530E+07 4.153E−01 2.408E+00 3.038E+02 4.667E+02 5.364E−01 1.600E+02 2.583E+02 6.145E−01 5.041E+04 4.000E+05 2.040E+07 3.352E−01 2.984E+00 2.563E+02 3.937E+02 5.362E−01 1.337E+02 2.171E+02 6.241E−01 7.966E+04 5.000E+05 2.550E+07 2.869E−01 3.486E+00 2.269E+02 3.461E+02 5.254E−01 1.175E+02 1.901E+02 6.185E−01 1.125E+05 6.000E+05 3.060E+07 2.545E−01 3.929E+00 2.069E+02 3.124E+02 5.100E−01 1.065E+02 1.710E+02 6.052E−01 1.480E+05 7.000E+05 3.570E+07 2.313E−01 4.324E+00 1.923E+02 2.871E+02 4.927E−01 9.861E+01 1.566E+02 5.880E−01 1.858E+05 8.000E+05 4.080E+07 2.137E−01 4.679E+00 1.812E+02 2.673E+02 4.750E−01 9.265E+01 1.453E+02 5.688E−01 2.252E+05 9.000E+05 4.590E+07 2.000E−01 5.001E+00 1.725E+02 2.515E+02 4.575E−01 8.800E+01 1.363E+02 5.489E−01 2.661E+05 1.000E+06 5.100E+07 1.889E−01 5.294E+00 1.655E+02 2.385E+02 4.407E−01 8.428E+01 1.289E+02 5.291E−01 3.082E+05

IRON-56 IONS: A=56 Z=26 (a) Instantaneous Data

∆M=−60.60410 MeV Mc2=5.2103E+04 MeV

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

1.000E−01 5.600E+00 2.150E−07 0.000E+00 1.572E−01 6.361E+00 5.006E+02 5.006E+02 1.841E−02 2.629E+02 1.500E−01 8.400E+00 3.224E−07 0.000E+00 2.225E−01 4.495E+00 5.517E+02 5.517E+02 2.368E−02 2.272E+02 2.000E−01 1.120E+01 4.299E−07 0.000E+00 2.973E−01 3.363E+00 5.931E+02 5.931E+02 2.853E−02 2.053E+02 3.000E−01 1.680E+01 6.449E−07 0.000E+00 4.179E−01 2.393E+00 6.384E+02 6.384E+02 3.755E−02 1.786E+02 4.000E−01 2.240E+01 8.598E−07 0.000E+00 5.550E−01 1.802E+00 6.723E+02 6.723E+02 4.604E−02 1.622E+02 5.000E−01 2.800E+01 1.075E−06 0.000E+00 6.785E−01 1.474E+00 6.935E+02 6.935E+02 5.422E−02 1.508E+02 6.000E−01 3.360E+01 1.290E−06 0.000E+00 7.732E−01 1.293E+00 7.058E+02 7.058E+02 6.219E−02 1.423E+02 7.000E−01 3.920E+01 1.505E−06 0.000E+00 9.143E−01 1.094E+00 7.199E+02 7.199E+02 7.002E−02 1.355E+02 8.000E−01 4.480E+01 1.720E−06 0.000E+00 1.018E+00 9.823E−01 7.278E+02 7.278E+02 7.775E−02 1.300E+02

1.254E+02 1.000E+00 5.600E+01 2.150E−06 0.000E+00 1.236E+00 8.090E−01 7.398E+02 7.398E+02 9.299E−02 1.215E+02 1.500E+00 8.400E+01 3.224E−06 0.000E+00 1.694E+00 5.903E−01 7.533E+02 7.533E+02 1.304E−01 1.079E+02 2.000E+00 1.120E+02 4.299E−06 0.000E+00 2.195E+00 4.557E−01 7.602E+02 7.602E+02 1.674E−01 9.960E+01 3.000E+00 1.680E+02 6.449E−06 0.000E+00 2.953E+00 3.387E−01 7.663E+02 7.663E+02 2.407E−01 8.944E+01 4.000E+00 2.240E+02 8.598E−06 0.000E+00 3.753E+00 2.665E−01 7.738E+02 7.738E+02 3.133E−01 8.321E+01 5.000E+00 2.800E+02 1.075E−05 0.000E+00 4.424E+00 2.260E−01 7.829E+02 7.829E+02 3.853E−01 7.887E+01 6.000E+00 3.360E+02 1.290E−05 0.000E+00 4.909E+00 2.037E−01 7.913E+02 7.913E+02 4.563E−01 7.561E+01 7.000E+00 3.920E+02 1.505E−05 0.000E+00 5.587E+00 1.790E−01 8.060E+02 8.060E+02 5.263E−01 7.305E+01 8.000E+00 4.480E+02 1.720E−05 0.000E+00 6.054E+00 1.652E−01 8.183E+02 8.183E+02 5.952E−01 7.096E+01 9.000E+00 5.040E+02 1.935E−05 0.000E+00 6.510E+00 1.536E−01 8.319E+02 8.319E+02 6.630E−01 6.920E+01 1.000E+01 5.600E+02 2.150E−05 0.000E+00 6.954E+00 1.438E−01 8.470E+02 8.470E+02 7.296E−01 6.771E+01 1.500E+01 8.400E+02 3.224E−05 0.000E+00 8.526E+00 1.173E−01 9.161E+02 9.161E+02 1.046E+00 6.254E+01 2.000E+01 1.120E+03 4.299E−05 0.000E+00 9.828E+00 1.018E−01 9.992E+02 9.992E+02 1.337E+00 5.936E+01 3.000E+01 1.680E+03 6.448E−05 0.000E+00 1.116E+01 8.963E−02 1.132E+03 1.132E+03 1.858E+00 5.550E+01 4.000E+01 2.240E+03 8.598E−05 0.000E+00 1.194E+01 8.374E−02 1.276E+03 1.276E+03 2.320E+00 5.312E+01 5.000E+01 2.800E+03 1.075E−04 0.000E+00 1.225E+01 8.163E−02 1.400E+03 1.362E+03 2.737E+00 5.147E+01 6.000E+01 3.360E+03 1.290E−04 0.000E+00 1.233E+01 8.111E−02 1.489E+03 1.390E+03 3.121E+00 5.023E+01 7.000E+01 3.920E+03 1.505E−04 0.000E+00 1.231E+01 8.122E−02 1.578E+03 1.423E+03 3.479E+00 4.926E+01 8.000E+01 4.480E+03 1.719E−04 0.000E+00 1.216E+01 8.222E−02 1.708E+03 1.477E+03 3.816E+00 4.846E+01 9.000E+01 5.040E+03 1.934E−04 0.000E+00 1.199E+01 8.338E−02 1.797E+03 1.518E+03 4.134E+00 4.779E+01 1.000E+02 5.600E+03 2.149E−04 0.000E+00 1.179E+01 8.484E−02 1.887E+03 1.562E+03 4.437E+00 4.722E+01 1.500E+02 8.400E+03 3.224E−04 0.000E+00 1.208E+01 8.280E−02 2.223E+03 1.743E+03 5.787E+00 4.525E+01 2.000E+02 1.120E+04 4.298E−04 0.000E+00 1.281E+01 7.805E−02 2.544E+03 1.932E+03 6.952E+00 4.405E+01 3.000E+02 1.680E+04 6.446E−04 0.000E+00 1.357E+01 7.369E−02 2.958E+03 2.190E+03 8.955E+00 4.257E+01 4.000E+02 2.240E+04 8.593E−04 0.000E+00 1.405E+01 7.115E−02 3.320E+03 2.420E+03 1.074E+01 4.167E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

4.000E+02 2.240E+04 8.593E−04 0.000E+00 1.405E+01 7.115E−02 3.320E+03 2.420E+03 1.074E+01 4.167E+01 5.000E+02 2.800E+04 1.074E−03 0.000E+00 1.423E+01 7.029E−02 3.509E+03 2.539E+03 1.236E+01 4.104E+01 6.000E+02 3.360E+04 1.289E−03 0.000E+00 1.433E+01 6.977E−02 3.725E+03 2.670E+03 1.389E+01 4.057E+01 7.000E+02 3.920E+04 1.503E−03 0.000E+00 1.432E+01 6.981E−02 3.853E+03 2.742E+03 1.535E+01 4.020E+01 8.000E+02 4.480E+04 1.717E−03 0.000E+00 1.419E+01 7.046E−02 3.997E+03 2.811E+03 1.677E+01 3.989E+01 9.000E+02 5.040E+04 1.932E−03 0.000E+00 1.402E+01 7.130E−02 4.067E+03 2.832E+03 1.815E+01 3.964E+01 1.000E+03 5.600E+04 2.146E−03 0.000E+00 1.392E+01 7.182E−02 4.091E+03 2.834E+03 1.952E+01 3.942E+01 1.500E+03 8.400E+04 3.217E−03 6.492E+04 1.251E+01 7.992E−02 4.091E+03 2.654E+03 2.633E+01 3.867E+01 2.000E+03 1.120E+05 4.285E−03 5.899E+04 1.146E+01 8.728E−02 3.985E+03 2.441E+03 3.328E+01 3.821E+01 3.000E+03 1.680E+05 6.418E−03 4.897E+04 9.563E+00 1.046E−01 3.678E+03 1.977E+03 4.802E+01 3.765E+01 4.000E+03 2.240E+05 8.543E−03 4.310E+04 8.414E+00 1.188E−01 3.430E+03 1.834E+03 6.399E+01 3.731E+01 5.000E+03 2.800E+05 1.066E−02 3.816E+04 7.432E+00 1.346E−01 3.182E+03 1.697E+03 8.127E+01 3.707E+01 6.000E+03 3.360E+05 1.277E−02 3.387E+04 6.573E+00 1.521E−01 2.941E+03 1.565E+03 9.986E+01 3.689E+01 7.000E+03 3.920E+05 1.488E−02 3.120E+04 6.038E+00 1.656E−01 2.778E+03 1.477E+03 1.198E+02 3.675E+01 8.000E+03 4.480E+05 1.698E−02 2.884E+04 5.564E+00 1.797E−01 2.626E+03 1.396E+03 1.411E+02 3.663E+01 9.000E+03 5.040E+05 1.907E−02 2.572E+04 4.935E+00 2.026E−01 2.412E+03 1.283E+03 1.636E+02 3.654E+01 1.000E+04 5.600E+05 2.115E−02 2.482E+04 4.754E+00 2.103E−01 2.348E+03 1.249E+03 1.875E+02 3.645E+01 1.500E+04 8.400E+05 3.148E−02 1.821E+04 3.427E+00 2.918E−01 1.839E+03 9.822E+02 3.262E+02 3.617E+01 2.000E+04 1.120E+06 4.164E−02 1.494E+04 2.773E+00 3.606E−01 1.561E+03 8.379E+02 4.964E+02 3.599E+01 3.000E+04 1.680E+06 6.150E−02 1.053E+04 1.899E+00 5.267E−01 1.154E+03 6.280E+02 9.295E+02 3.578E+01 4.000E+04 2.240E+06 8.074E−02 8.455E+03 1.492E+00 6.703E−01 9.471E+02 5.222E+02 1.485E+03 3.565E+01 5.000E+04 2.800E+06 9.940E−02 6.948E+03 1.235E+00 8.099E−01 8.136E+02 4.417E+02 2.145E+03 3.556E+01

3.549E+01 7.000E+04 3.920E+06 1.350E−01 5.154E+03 9.098E−01 1.099E+00 6.329E+02 3.416E+02 3.776E+03 3.544E+01 8.000E+04 4.480E+06 1.521E−01 4.625E+03 8.150E−01 1.227E+00 5.781E+02 3.110E+02 4.737E+03 3.539E+01 9.000E+04 5.040E+06 1.686E−01 4.181E+03 7.361E−01 1.358E+00 5.315E+02 2.849E+02 5.789E+03 3.536E+01 1.000E+05 5.600E+06 1.847E−01 3.804E+03 6.693E−01 1.494E+00 4.914E+02 2.624E+02 6.926E+03 3.532E+01 1.500E+05 8.400E+06 2.584E−01 2.658E+03 4.674E−01 2.140E+00 3.660E+02 1.921E+02 1.379E+04 3.522E+01 2.000E+05 1.120E+07 3.226E−01 2.174E+03 3.823E−01 2.616E+00 3.108E+02 1.612E+02 2.233E+04 3.515E+01 3.000E+05 1.680E+07 4.282E−01 1.601E+03 2.810E−01 3.558E+00 2.430E+02 1.238E+02 4.339E+04 3.507E+01 4.000E+05 2.240E+07 5.109E−01 1.362E+03 2.384E−01 4.195E+00 2.138E+02 1.079E+02 6.852E+04 3.502E+01 5.000E+05 2.800E+07 5.769E−01 1.200E+03 2.091E−01 4.782E+00 1.936E+02 9.712E+01 9.671E+04 3.498E+01 6.000E+05 3.360E+07 6.304E−01 1.083E+03 1.876E−01 5.329E+00 1.788E+02 8.943E+01 1.273E+05 3.496E+01 7.000E+05 3.920E+07 6.743E−01 1.020E+03 1.758E−01 5.688E+00 1.707E+02 8.534E+01 1.597E+05 3.494E+01 8.000E+05 4.480E+07 7.109E−01 9.691E+02 1.662E−01 6.016E+00 1.643E+02 8.213E+01 1.936E+05 3.492E+01 9.000E+05 5.040E+07 7.416E−01 9.278E+02 1.582E−01 6.319E+00 1.590E+02 7.958E+01 2.288E+05 3.491E+01 1.000E+06 5.600E+07 7.677E−01 8.934E+02 1.515E−01 6.601E+00 1.546E+02 7.754E+01 2.649E+05 3.489E+01

(b) Equilibrium Values

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

1.000E−01 5.600E+00 6.455E−02 1.549E+01 3.268E+02 3.790E+02 1.596E−01 3.268E+02 3.790E+02 1.596E−01 1.841E−02 1.500E−01 8.400E+00 9.535E−02 1.049E+01 3.752E+02 4.302E+02 1.466E−01 3.752E+02 4.302E+02 1.466E−01 2.368E−02 2.000E−01 1.120E+01 1.259E−01 7.945E+00 4.112E+02 4.671E+02 1.357E−01 4.112E+02 4.671E+02 1.357E−01 2.853E−02 3.000E−01 1.680E+01 1.861E−01 5.373E+00 4.635E+02 5.186E+02 1.187E−01 4.635E+02 5.186E+02 1.187E−01 3.755E−02 4.000E−01 2.240E+01 2.454E−01 4.074E+00 5.008E+02 5.539E+02 1.060E−01 5.008E+02 5.539E+02 1.060E−01 4.604E−02 5.000E−01 2.800E+01 3.039E−01 3.290E+00 5.292E+02 5.801E+02 9.602E−02 5.292E+02 5.801E+02 9.602E−02 5.422E−02 6.000E−01 3.360E+01 3.616E−01 2.765E+00 5.519E+02 6.004E+02 8.791E−02 5.519E+02 6.004E+02 8.791E−02 6.219E−02 7.000E−01 3.920E+01 4.185E−01 2.389E+00 5.705E+02 6.168E+02 8.114E−02 5.705E+02 6.168E+02 8.114E−02 7.002E−02 8.000E−01 4.480E+01 4.748E−01 2.106E+00 5.861E+02 6.303E+02 7.539E−02 5.861E+02 6.303E+02 7.539E−02 7.775E−02 9.000E−01 5.040E+01 5.304E−01 1.886E+00 5.994E+02 6.416E+02 7.043E−02 5.994E+02 6.416E+02 7.043E−02 8.540E−02 1.000E+00 5.600E+01 5.853E−01 1.709E+00 6.109E+02 6.512E+02 6.609E−02 6.109E+02 6.512E+02 6.609E−02 9.299E−02 1.500E+00 8.400E+01 8.510E−01 1.175E+00 6.508E+02 6.837E+02 5.056E−02 6.508E+02 6.837E+02 5.056E−02 1.304E−01 2.000E+00 1.120E+02 1.103E+00 9.065E−01 6.746E+02 7.022E+02 4.093E−02 6.746E+02 7.022E+02 4.093E−02 1.674E−01 3.000E+00 1.680E+02 1.573E+00 6.357E−01 7.019E+02 7.228E+02 2.966E−02 7.019E+02 7.228E+02 2.966E−02 2.407E−01 4.000E+00 2.240E+02 2.003E+00 4.992E−01 7.179E+02 7.347E+02 2.338E−02 7.179E+02 7.347E+02 2.338E−02 3.133E−01 5.000E+00 2.800E+02 2.399E+00 4.168E−01 7.292E+02 7.434E+02 1.947E−02 7.292E+02 7.434E+02 1.947E−02 3.853E−01 6.000E+00 3.360E+02 2.766E+00 3.616E−01 7.385E+02 7.509E+02 1.687E−02 7.385E+02 7.509E+02 1.687E−02 4.563E−01 7.000E+00 3.920E+02 3.106E+00 3.219E−01 7.467E+02 7.579E+02 1.508E−02 7.467E+02 7.579E+02 1.508E−02 5.263E−01 8.000E+00 4.480E+02 3.424E+00 2.920E−01 7.543E+02 7.648E+02 1.385E−02 7.543E+02 7.648E+02 1.385E−02 5.952E−01 9.000E+00 5.040E+02 3.722E+00 2.687E−01 7.617E+02 7.716E+02 1.301E−02 7.617E+02 7.716E+02 1.301E−02 6.630E−01 1.000E+01 5.600E+02 4.000E+00 2.500E−01 7.689E+02 7.785E+02 1.247E−02 7.689E+02 7.785E+02 1.247E−02 7.296E−01 1.500E+01 8.400E+02 5.172E+00 1.933E−01 8.041E+02 8.142E+02 1.258E−02 8.041E+02 8.142E+02 1.258E−02 1.046E+00 2.000E+01 1.120E+03 6.070E+00 1.647E−01 8.386E+02 8.513E+02 1.524E−02 8.386E+02 8.513E+02 1.524E−02 1.337E+00 3.000E+01 1.680E+03 7.350E+00 1.361E−01 9.045E+02 9.259E+02 2.360E−02 9.045E+02 9.259E+02 2.360E−02 1.858E+00 4.000E+01 2.240E+03 8.205E+00 1.219E−01 9.659E+02 9.979E+02 3.310E−02 9.659E+02 9.979E+02 3.310E−02 2.320E+00 5.000E+01 2.800E+03 8.804E+00 1.136E−01 1.023E+03 1.067E+03 4.247E−02 1.022E+03 1.065E+03 4.180E−02 2.737E+00 6.000E+01 3.360E+03 9.235E+00 1.083E−01 1.077E+03 1.132E+03 5.125E−02 1.066E+03 1.115E+03 4.587E−02 3.121E+00 7.000E+01 3.920E+03 9.552E+00 1.047E−01 1.127E+03 1.194E+03 5.929E−02 1.102E+03 1.155E+03 4.789E−02 3.479E+00 8.000E+01 4.480E+03 9.788E+00 1.022E−01 1.174E+03 1.252E+03 6.669E−02 1.134E+03 1.189E+03 4.924E−02 3.816E+00 9.000E+01 5.040E+03 9.964E+00 1.004E−01 1.219E+03 1.309E+03 7.340E−02 1.162E+03 1.220E+03 5.033E−02 4.134E+00 1.000E+02 5.600E+03 1.010E+01 9.905E−02 1.262E+03 1.362E+03 7.952E−02 1.188E+03 1.249E+03 5.136E−02 4.437E+00 1.500E+02 8.400E+03 1.049E+01 9.537E−02 1.451E+03 1.601E+03 1.032E−01 1.298E+03 1.372E+03 5.715E−02 5.787E+00 2.000E+02 1.120E+04 1.082E+01 9.239E−02 1.611E+03 1.802E+03 1.188E−01 1.390E+03 1.478E+03 6.341E−02 6.952E+00 3.000E+02 1.680E+04 1.137E+01 8.797E−02 1.871E+03 2.127E+03 1.366E−01 1.543E+03 1.659E+03 7.477E−02 8.955E+00 4.000E+02 2.240E+04 1.178E+01 8.488E−02 2.086E+03 2.388E+03 1.451E−01 1.672E+03 1.812E+03 8.316E−02 1.074E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var Range µm

4.000E+02 2.240E+04 1.178E+01 8.488E−02 2.086E+03 2.388E+03 1.451E−01 1.672E+03 1.812E+03 8.316E−02 1.074E+01 5.000E+02 2.800E+04 1.210E+01 8.267E−02 2.265E+03 2.601E+03 1.484E−01 1.781E+03 1.939E+03 8.850E−02 1.236E+01 6.000E+02 3.360E+04 1.234E+01 8.104E−02 2.419E+03 2.779E+03 1.487E−01 1.875E+03 2.047E+03 9.142E−02 1.389E+01 7.000E+02 3.920E+04 1.253E+01 7.981E−02 2.554E+03 2.929E+03 1.471E−01 1.957E+03 2.137E+03 9.238E−02 1.535E+01 8.000E+02 4.480E+04 1.268E+01 7.889E−02 2.672E+03 3.057E+03 1.442E−01 2.027E+03 2.214E+03 9.190E−02 1.677E+01 9.000E+02 5.040E+04 1.278E+01 7.822E−02 2.776E+03 3.166E+03 1.404E−01 2.088E+03 2.277E+03 9.028E−02 1.815E+01 1.000E+03 5.600E+04 1.286E+01 7.774E−02 2.868E+03 3.259E+03 1.360E−01 2.140E+03 2.328E+03 8.782E−02 1.952E+01 1.500E+03 8.400E+04 1.293E+01 7.737E−02 3.191E+03 3.544E+03 1.108E−01 2.297E+03 2.458E+03 7.003E−02 2.633E+01 2.000E+03 1.120E+05 1.269E+01 7.881E−02 3.365E+03 3.664E+03 8.896E−02 2.342E+03 2.470E+03 5.484E−02 3.328E+01 3.000E+03 1.680E+05 1.194E+01 8.373E−02 3.499E+03 3.711E+03 6.051E−02 2.282E+03 2.379E+03 4.245E−02 4.802E+01 4.000E+03 2.240E+05 1.115E+01 8.968E−02 3.501E+03 3.661E+03 4.547E−02 2.182E+03 2.272E+03 4.136E−02 6.399E+01 5.000E+03 2.800E+05 1.041E+01 9.607E−02 3.446E+03 3.577E+03 3.797E−02 2.086E+03 2.177E+03 4.354E−02 8.127E+01 6.000E+03 3.360E+05 9.740E+00 1.027E−01 3.365E+03 3.483E+03 3.498E−02 1.996E+03 2.091E+03 4.757E−02 9.986E+01 7.000E+03 3.920E+05 9.141E+00 1.094E−01 3.273E+03 3.387E+03 3.491E−02 1.912E+03 2.013E+03 5.279E−02 1.198E+02 8.000E+03 4.480E+05 8.608E+00 1.162E−01 3.177E+03 3.293E+03 3.651E−02 1.836E+03 1.943E+03 5.849E−02 1.411E+02 9.000E+03 5.040E+05 8.130E+00 1.230E−01 3.082E+03 3.203E+03 3.950E−02 1.765E+03 1.879E+03 6.472E−02 1.636E+02 1.000E+04 5.600E+05 7.700E+00 1.299E−01 2.988E+03 3.118E+03 4.337E−02 1.699E+03 1.820E+03 7.120E−02 1.875E+02 1.500E+04 8.400E+05 6.078E+00 1.645E−01 2.577E+03 2.755E+03 6.903E−02 1.434E+03 1.584E+03 1.043E−01 3.262E+02 2.000E+04 1.120E+06 5.013E+00 1.995E−01 2.258E+03 2.479E+03 9.774E−02 1.245E+03 1.414E+03 1.357E−01 4.964E+02 3.000E+04 1.680E+06 3.699E+00 2.704E−01 1.809E+03 2.087E+03 1.535E−01 9.912E+02 1.180E+03 1.908E−01 9.295E+02 4.000E+04 2.240E+06 2.918E+00 3.427E−01 1.510E+03 1.818E+03 2.041E−01 8.276E+02 1.024E+03 2.371E−01 1.485E+03 5.000E+04 2.800E+06 2.420E+00 4.132E−01 1.306E+03 1.624E+03 2.436E−01 7.149E+02 9.124E+02 2.763E−01 2.145E+03 6.000E+04 3.360E+06 2.069E+00 4.832E−01 1.155E+03 1.476E+03 2.775E−01 6.312E+02 8.272E+02 3.105E−01 2.911E+03 7.000E+04 3.920E+06 1.810E+00 5.526E−01 1.039E+03 1.358E+03 3.066E−01 5.667E+02 7.597E+02 3.404E−01 3.776E+03 8.000E+04 4.480E+06 1.610E+00 6.212E−01 9.466E+02 1.261E+03 3.319E−01 5.155E+02 7.046E+02 3.669E−01 4.737E+03 9.000E+04 5.040E+06 1.452E+00 6.888E−01 8.715E+02 1.180E+03 3.539E−01 4.738E+02 6.588E+02 3.904E−01 5.789E+03 1.000E+05 5.600E+06 1.323E+00 7.556E−01 8.093E+02 1.111E+03 3.731E−01 4.392E+02 6.198E+02 4.113E−01 6.926E+03 1.500E+05 8.400E+06 9.311E−01 1.074E+00 6.099E+02 8.778E+02 4.393E−01 3.281E+02 4.880E+02 4.874E−01 1.379E+04 2.000E+05 1.120E+07 7.312E−01 1.368E+00 5.020E+02 7.405E+02 4.751E−01 2.679E+02 4.107E+02 5.329E−01 2.233E+04 3.000E+05 1.680E+07 5.293E−01 1.889E+00 3.875E+02 5.828E+02 5.039E−01 2.041E+02 3.219E+02 5.772E−01 4.339E+04 4.000E+05 2.240E+07 4.275E−01 2.339E+00 3.271E+02 4.929E+02 5.066E−01 1.707E+02 2.713E+02 5.895E−01 6.852E+04 5.000E+05 2.800E+07 3.660E−01 2.732E+00 2.897E+02 4.341E+02 4.983E−01 1.500E+02 2.380E+02 5.865E−01 9.671E+04 6.000E+05 3.360E+07 3.248E−01 3.079E+00 2.642E+02 3.923E+02 4.850E−01 1.360E+02 2.143E+02 5.754E−01 1.273E+05 7.000E+05 3.920E+07 2.951E−01 3.388E+00 2.456E+02 3.610E+02 4.698E−01 1.259E+02 1.965E+02 5.603E−01 1.597E+05 8.000E+05 4.480E+07 2.728E−01 3.666E+00 2.315E+02 3.365E+02 4.535E−01 1.183E+02 1.826E+02 5.428E−01 1.936E+05 9.000E+05 5.040E+07 2.553E−01 3.917E+00 2.204E+02 3.168E+02 4.374E−01 1.124E+02 1.714E+02 5.245E−01 2.288E+05 1.000E+06 5.600E+07 2.412E−01 4.147E+00 2.115E+02 3.006E+02 4.217E−01 1.077E+02 1.621E+02 5.059E−01 2.649E+05

NICKEL-58 IONS: A=58 Z=28 (a) Instantaneous Data

∆M=−60.22430 MeV Mc2=5.3966E+04 MeV

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

1.000E−01 5.800E+00 2.149E−07 0.000E+00 1.541E−01 6.491E+00 5.231E+02 5.231E+02 1.833E−02 2.745E+02 1.500E−01 8.700E+00 3.224E−07 0.000E+00 2.301E−01 4.345E+00 5.868E+02 5.868E+02 2.352E−02 2.371E+02 2.000E−01 1.160E+01 4.299E−07 0.000E+00 2.919E−01 3.426E+00 6.236E+02 6.236E+02 2.828E−02 2.141E+02 3.000E−01 1.740E+01 6.448E−07 0.000E+00 4.328E−01 2.311E+00 6.809E+02 6.809E+02 3.711E−02 1.861E+02 4.000E−01 2.320E+01 8.598E−07 0.000E+00 5.461E−01 1.831E+00 7.116E+02 7.116E+02 4.540E−02 1.689E+02 5.000E−01 2.900E+01 1.075E−06 0.000E+00 6.682E−01 1.497E+00 7.357E+02 7.357E+02 5.338E−02 1.569E+02 6.000E−01 3.480E+01 1.290E−06 0.000E+00 8.016E−01 1.248E+00 7.551E+02 7.551E+02 6.114E−02 1.479E+02 7.000E−01 4.060E+01 1.505E−06 0.000E+00 9.017E−01 1.109E+00 7.663E+02 7.663E+02 6.875E−02 1.409E+02 8.000E−01 4.640E+01 1.720E−06 0.000E+00 1.005E+00 9.954E−01 7.757E+02 7.757E+02 7.625E−02 1.351E+02

1.303E+02 1.000E+00 5.800E+01 2.149E−06 0.000E+00 1.221E+00 8.189E−01 7.902E+02 7.902E+02 9.102E−02 1.261E+02 1.500E+00 8.700E+01 3.224E−06 0.000E+00 1.759E+00 5.683E−01 8.092E+02 8.092E+02 1.272E−01 1.119E+02 2.000E+00 1.160E+02 4.299E−06 0.000E+00 2.177E+00 4.594E−01 8.162E+02 8.162E+02 1.628E−01 1.031E+02 3.000E+00 1.740E+02 6.448E−06 0.000E+00 3.071E+00 3.256E−01 8.249E+02 8.249E+02 2.335E−01 9.244E+01 4.000E+00 2.320E+02 8.598E−06 0.000E+00 3.741E+00 2.673E−01 8.313E+02 8.313E+02 3.035E−01 8.590E+01 5.000E+00 2.900E+02 1.075E−05 0.000E+00 4.418E+00 2.263E−01 8.399E+02 8.399E+02 3.728E−01 8.134E+01 6.000E+00 3.480E+02 1.290E−05 0.000E+00 5.110E+00 1.957E−01 8.517E+02 8.517E+02 4.413E−01 7.792E+01 7.000E+00 4.060E+02 1.505E−05 0.000E+00 5.599E+00 1.786E−01 8.620E+02 8.620E+02 5.090E−01 7.523E+01 8.000E+00 4.640E+02 1.720E−05 0.000E+00 6.075E+00 1.646E−01 8.737E+02 8.737E+02 5.756E−01 7.303E+01 9.000E+00 5.220E+02 1.935E−05 0.000E+00 6.540E+00 1.529E−01 8.869E+02 8.869E+02 6.413E−01 7.119E+01 1.000E+01 5.800E+02 2.149E−05 0.000E+00 6.996E+00 1.429E−01 9.016E+02 9.016E+02 7.059E−01 6.962E+01 1.500E+01 8.700E+02 3.224E−05 0.000E+00 8.620E+00 1.160E−01 9.696E+02 9.696E+02 1.013E+00 6.419E+01 2.000E+01 1.160E+03 4.299E−05 0.000E+00 9.982E+00 1.002E−01 1.053E+03 1.053E+03 1.298E+00 6.086E+01 3.000E+01 1.740E+03 6.448E−05 0.000E+00 1.140E+01 8.772E−02 1.187E+03 1.187E+03 1.809E+00 5.680E+01 4.000E+01 2.320E+03 8.597E−05 0.000E+00 1.227E+01 8.152E−02 1.334E+03 1.334E+03 2.263E+00 5.431E+01 5.000E+01 2.900E+03 1.075E−04 0.000E+00 1.263E+01 7.916E−02 1.460E+03 1.428E+03 2.674E+00 5.257E+01 6.000E+01 3.480E+03 1.290E−04 0.000E+00 1.274E+01 7.847E−02 1.553E+03 1.455E+03 3.053E+00 5.127E+01 7.000E+01 4.060E+03 1.504E−04 0.000E+00 1.273E+01 7.854E−02 1.685E+03 1.501E+03 3.406E+00 5.025E+01 8.000E+01 4.640E+03 1.719E−04 0.000E+00 1.263E+01 7.915E−02 1.778E+03 1.539E+03 3.738E+00 4.941E+01 9.000E+01 5.220E+03 1.934E−04 0.000E+00 1.248E+01 8.013E−02 1.870E+03 1.580E+03 4.053E+00 4.871E+01 1.000E+02 5.800E+03 2.149E−04 0.000E+00 1.228E+01 8.140E−02 1.963E+03 1.624E+03 4.352E+00 4.811E+01 1.500E+02 8.700E+03 3.223E−04 0.000E+00 1.254E+01 7.975E−02 2.314E+03 1.809E+03 5.685E+00 4.604E+01 2.000E+02 1.160E+04 4.298E−04 0.000E+00 1.334E+01 7.498E−02 2.651E+03 2.005E+03 6.836E+00 4.478E+01 3.000E+02 1.740E+04 6.445E−04 0.000E+00 1.418E+01 7.053E−02 3.089E+03 2.277E+03 8.823E+00 4.323E+01 4.000E+02 2.320E+04 8.592E−04 0.000E+00 1.474E+01 6.784E−02 3.477E+03 2.525E+03 1.056E+01 4.228E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 Z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

4.000E+02 2.320E+04 8.592E−04 0.000E+00 1.474E+01 6.784E−02 3.477E+03 2.525E+03 1.056E+01 4.228E+01 5.000E+02 2.900E+04 1.074E−03 0.000E+00 1.502E+01 6.659E−02 3.752E+03 2.699E+03 1.216E+01 4.162E+01 6.000E+02 3.480E+04 1.288E−03 0.000E+00 1.512E+01 6.612E−02 3.924E+03 2.805E+03 1.365E+01 4.112E+01 7.000E+02 4.060E+04 1.503E−03 0.000E+00 1.515E+01 6.600E−02 4.126E+03 2.922E+03 1.508E+01 4.073E+01 8.000E+02 4.640E+04 1.717E−03 0.000E+00 1.509E+01 6.628E−02 4.240E+03 2.980E+03 1.646E+01 4.042E+01 9.000E+02 5.220E+04 1.932E−03 0.000E+00 1.496E+01 6.684E−02 4.328E+03 3.017E+03 1.781E+01 4.015E+01 1.000E+03 5.800E+04 2.146E−03 0.000E+00 1.477E+01 6.770E−02 4.392E+03 3.032E+03 1.913E+01 3.992E+01 1.500E+03 8.700E+04 3.216E−03 7.056E+04 1.357E+01 7.368E−02 4.425E+03 2.899E+03 2.568E+01 3.913E+01 2.000E+03 1.160E+05 4.285E−03 6.312E+04 1.226E+01 8.159E−02 4.310E+03 2.643E+03 3.233E+01 3.865E+01 3.000E+03 1.740E+05 6.417E−03 5.410E+04 1.055E+01 9.476E−02 4.047E+03 2.214E+03 4.629E+01 3.806E+01 4.000E+03 2.320E+05 8.543E−03 4.657E+04 9.079E+00 1.101E−01 3.737E+03 1.998E+03 6.132E+01 3.770E+01 5.000E+03 2.900E+05 1.066E−02 4.135E+04 8.042E+00 1.243E−01 3.477E+03 1.853E+03 7.750E+01 3.745E+01 6.000E+03 3.480E+05 1.277E−02 3.805E+04 7.382E+00 1.355E−01 3.293E+03 1.753E+03 9.484E+01 3.726E+01 7.000E+03 4.060E+05 1.488E−02 3.397E+04 6.561E+00 1.524E−01 3.046E+03 1.620E+03 1.134E+02 3.711E+01 8.000E+03 4.640E+05 1.698E−02 3.145E+04 6.055E+00 1.652E−01 2.883E+03 1.533E+03 1.331E+02 3.699E+01 9.000E+03 5.220E+05 1.907E−02 2.919E+04 5.600E+00 1.786E−01 2.730E+03 1.451E+03 1.539E+02 3.689E+01 1.000E+04 5.800E+05 2.115E−02 2.714E+04 5.188E+00 1.928E−01 2.584E+03 1.375E+03 1.759E+02 3.680E+01 1.500E+04 8.700E+05 3.148E−02 2.088E+04 3.930E+00 2.545E−01 2.104E+03 1.123E+03 3.032E+02 3.650E+01 2.000E+04 1.160E+06 4.164E−02 1.647E+04 3.048E+00 3.281E−01 1.729E+03 9.291E+02 4.584E+02 3.632E+01 3.000E+04 1.740E+06 6.149E−02 1.223E+04 2.206E+00 4.532E−01 1.337E+03 7.275E+02 8.513E+02 3.610E+01 4.000E+04 2.320E+06 8.074E−02 9.392E+03 1.650E+00 6.060E−01 1.055E+03 5.831E+02 1.353E+03 3.596E+01 5.000E+04 2.900E+06 9.939E−02 7.736E+03 1.373E+00 7.285E−01 9.107E+02 4.943E+02 1.946E+03 3.586E+01

3.579E+01 7.000E+04 4.060E+06 1.350E−01 5.756E+03 1.015E+00 9.853E−01 7.108E+02 3.833E+02 3.409E+03 3.573E+01 8.000E+04 4.640E+06 1.521E−01 5.169E+03 9.103E−01 1.099E+00 6.499E+02 3.492E+02 4.269E+03 3.569E+01 9.000E+04 5.220E+06 1.686E−01 4.677E+03 8.229E−01 1.215E+00 5.981E+02 3.202E+02 5.209E+03 3.565E+01 1.000E+05 5.800E+06 1.847E−01 4.258E+03 7.488E−01 1.335E+00 5.534E+02 2.951E+02 6.227E+03 3.562E+01 1.500E+05 8.700E+06 2.584E−01 3.125E+03 5.492E−01 1.821E+00 4.291E+02 2.254E+02 1.236E+04 3.550E+01 2.000E+05 1.160E+07 3.225E−01 2.446E+03 4.300E−01 2.326E+00 3.517E+02 1.821E+02 1.999E+04 3.543E+01 3.000E+05 1.740E+07 4.282E−01 1.878E+03 3.296E−01 3.034E+00 2.844E+02 1.450E+02 3.880E+04 3.535E+01 4.000E+05 2.320E+07 5.109E−01 1.543E+03 2.698E−01 3.706E+00 2.434E+02 1.227E+02 6.124E+04 3.529E+01 5.000E+05 2.900E+07 5.769E−01 1.363E+03 2.372E−01 4.216E+00 2.209E+02 1.107E+02 8.642E+04 3.526E+01 6.000E+05 3.480E+07 6.304E−01 1.266E+03 2.195E−01 4.556E+00 2.087E+02 1.044E+02 1.137E+05 3.523E+01 7.000E+05 4.060E+07 6.743E−01 1.163E+03 2.001E−01 4.997E+00 1.955E+02 9.770E+01 1.427E+05 3.521E+01 8.000E+05 4.640E+07 7.109E−01 1.107E+03 1.894E−01 5.279E+00 1.883E+02 9.418E+01 1.729E+05 3.519E+01 9.000E+05 5.220E+07 7.416E−01 1.061E+03 1.805E−01 5.539E+00 1.824E+02 9.139E+01 2.043E+05 3.518E+01 1.000E+06 5.800E+07 7.677E−01 1.023E+03 1.730E−01 5.780E+00 1.776E+02 8.916E+01 2.366E+05 3.516E+01

(b) Equilibrium Values

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

1.000E−01 5.800E+00 6.385E−02 1.566E+01 3.399E+02 3.961E+02 1.655E−01 3.399E+02 3.961E+02 1.655E−01 1.833E−02 1.500E−01 8.700E+00 9.438E−02 1.060E+01 3.912E+02 4.508E+02 1.525E−01 3.912E+02 4.508E+02 1.525E−01 2.352E−02 2.000E−01 1.160E+01 1.247E−01 8.022E+00 4.297E+02 4.904E+02 1.414E−01 4.297E+02 4.904E+02 1.414E−01 2.828E−02 3.000E−01 1.740E+01 1.845E−01 5.420E+00 4.857E+02 5.460E+02 1.242E−01 4.857E+02 5.460E+02 1.242E−01 3.711E−02 4.000E−01 2.320E+01 2.435E−01 4.107E+00 5.259E+02 5.844E+02 1.112E−01 5.259E+02 5.844E+02 1.112E−01 4.540E−02 5.000E−01 2.900E+01 3.017E−01 3.315E+00 5.568E+02 6.131E+02 1.010E−01 5.568E+02 6.131E+02 1.010E−01 5.338E−02 6.000E−01 3.480E+01 3.591E−01 2.785E+00 5.816E+02 6.355E+02 9.273E−02 5.816E+02 6.355E+02 9.273E−02 6.114E−02 7.000E−01 4.060E+01 4.159E−01 2.404E+00 6.019E+02 6.536E+02 8.579E−02 6.019E+02 6.536E+02 8.579E−02 6.875E−02 8.000E−01 4.640E+01 4.720E−01 2.119E+00 6.191E+02 6.686E+02 7.988E−02 6.191E+02 6.686E+02 7.988E−02 7.625E−02 9.000E−01 5.220E+01 5.275E−01 1.896E+00 6.338E+02 6.812E+02 7.477E−02 6.338E+02 6.812E+02 7.477E−02 8.366E−02 1.000E+00 5.800E+01 5.824E−01 1.717E+00 6.465E+02 6.919E+02 7.030E−02 6.465E+02 6.919E+02 7.030E−02 9.102E−02 1.500E+00 8.700E+01 8.481E−01 1.179E+00 6.911E+02 7.286E+02 5.419E−02 6.911E+02 7.286E+02 5.419E−02 1.272E−01 2.000E+00 1.160E+02 1.101E+00 9.080E−01 7.182E+02 7.498E+02 4.410E−02 7.182E+02 7.498E+02 4.410E−02 1.628E−01 3.000E+00 1.740E+02 1.574E+00 6.352E−01 7.495E+02 7.736E+02 3.217E−02 7.495E+02 7.736E+02 3.217E−02 2.335E−01 4.000E+00 2.320E+02 2.009E+00 4.978E−01 7.678E+02 7.873E+02 2.543E−02 7.678E+02 7.873E+02 2.543E−02 3.035E−01 5.000E+00 2.900E+02 2.411E+00 4.148E−01 7.806E+02 7.971E+02 2.119E−02 7.806E+02 7.971E+02 2.119E−02 3.728E−01 6.000E+00 3.480E+02 2.783E+00 3.593E−01 7.908E+02 8.053E+02 1.833E−02 7.908E+02 8.053E+02 1.833E−02 4.413E−01 7.000E+00 4.060E+02 3.131E+00 3.194E−01 7.997E+02 8.128E+02 1.634E−02 7.997E+02 8.128E+02 1.634E−02 5.090E−01 8.000E+00 4.640E+02 3.456E+00 2.894E−01 8.079E+02 8.199E+02 1.494E−02 8.079E+02 8.199E+02 1.494E−02 5.756E−01 9.000E+00 5.220E+02 3.760E+00 2.659E−01 8.156E+02 8.270E+02 1.394E−02 8.156E+02 8.270E+02 1.394E−02 6.413E−01 1.000E+01 5.800E+02 4.046E+00 2.471E−01 8.231E+02 8.341E+02 1.326E−02 8.231E+02 8.341E+02 1.326E−02 7.059E−01 1.500E+01 8.700E+02 5.253E+00 1.904E−01 8.594E+02 8.703E+02 1.273E−02 8.594E+02 8.703E+02 1.273E−02 1.013E+00 2.000E+01 1.160E+03 6.183E+00 1.617E−01 8.947E+02 9.080E+02 1.484E−02 8.947E+02 9.080E+02 1.484E−02 1.298E+00 3.000E+01 1.740E+03 7.517E+00 1.330E−01 9.623E+02 9.837E+02 2.224E−02 9.623E+02 9.837E+02 2.224E−02 1.809E+00 4.000E+01 2.320E+03 8.413E+00 1.189E−01 1.026E+03 1.057E+03 3.106E−02 1.026E+03 1.057E+03 3.106E−02 2.263E+00 5.000E+01 2.900E+03 9.044E+00 1.106E−01 1.085E+03 1.128E+03 3.992E−02 1.084E+03 1.126E+03 3.938E−02 2.674E+00 6.000E+01 3.480E+03 9.501E+00 1.053E−01 1.140E+03 1.195E+03 4.832E−02 1.129E+03 1.178E+03 4.311E−02 3.053E+00 7.000E+01 4.060E+03 9.838E+00 1.016E−01 1.192E+03 1.259E+03 5.612E−02 1.166E+03 1.218E+03 4.492E−02 3.406E+00 8.000E+01 4.640E+03 1.009E+01 9.911E−02 1.241E+03 1.320E+03 6.331E−02 1.198E+03 1.253E+03 4.609E−02 3.738E+00 9.000E+01 5.220E+03 1.028E+01 9.728E−02 1.288E+03 1.378E+03 6.991E−02 1.227E+03 1.284E+03 4.707E−02 4.053E+00 1.000E+02 5.800E+03 1.042E+01 9.596E−02 1.333E+03 1.434E+03 7.596E−02 1.253E+03 1.313E+03 4.804E−02 4.352E+00 1.500E+02 8.700E+03 1.085E+01 9.219E−02 1.530E+03 1.682E+03 9.958E−02 1.366E+03 1.439E+03 5.355E−02 5.685E+00 2.000E+02 1.160E+04 1.122E+01 8.916E−02 1.697E+03 1.893E+03 1.155E−01 1.460E+03 1.548E+03 5.989E−02 6.836E+00 3.000E+02 1.740E+04 1.181E+01 8.465E−02 1.972E+03 2.236E+03 1.342E−01 1.620E+03 1.736E+03 7.174E−02 8.823E+00 4.000E+02 2.320E+04 1.226E+01 8.154E−02 2.196E+03 2.511E+03 1.434E−01 1.754E+03 1.895E+03 8.077E−02 1.056E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

4.000E+02 2.320E+04 1.226E+01 8.154E−02 2.196E+03 2.511E+03 1.434E−01 1.754E+03 1.895E+03 8.077E−02 1.056E+01 5.000E+02 2.900E+04 1.261E+01 7.930E−02 2.385E+03 2.737E+03 1.475E−01 1.868E+03 2.031E+03 8.688E−02 1.216E+01 6.000E+02 3.480E+04 1.288E+01 7.762E−02 2.549E+03 2.927E+03 1.486E−01 1.968E+03 2.146E+03 9.056E−02 1.365E+01 7.000E+02 4.060E+04 1.310E+01 7.634E−02 2.692E+03 3.089E+03 1.476E−01 2.055E+03 2.245E+03 9.230E−02 1.508E+01 8.000E+02 4.640E+04 1.327E+01 7.537E−02 2.819E+03 3.228E+03 1.454E−01 2.131E+03 2.328E+03 9.252E−02 1.646E+01 9.000E+02 5.220E+04 1.340E+01 7.463E−02 2.931E+03 3.348E+03 1.422E−01 2.197E+03 2.398E+03 9.157E−02 1.781E+01 1.000E+03 5.800E+04 1.350E+01 7.408E−02 3.031E+03 3.450E+03 1.384E−01 2.255E+03 2.457E+03 8.972E−02 1.913E+01 1.500E+03 8.700E+04 1.365E+01 7.327E−02 3.388E+03 3.778E+03 1.150E−01 2.437E+03 2.617E+03 7.366E−02 2.568E+01 2.000E+03 1.160E+05 1.347E+01 7.425E−02 3.588E+03 3.924E+03 9.350E−02 2.501E+03 2.647E+03 5.823E−02 3.233E+01 3.000E+03 1.740E+05 1.278E+01 7.822E−02 3.759E+03 4.002E+03 6.443E−02 2.466E+03 2.572E+03 4.317E−02 4.629E+01 4.000E+03 2.320E+05 1.201E+01 8.325E−02 3.784E+03 3.967E+03 4.824E−02 2.368E+03 2.465E+03 4.065E−02 6.132E+01 5.000E+03 2.900E+05 1.127E+01 8.871E−02 3.743E+03 3.891E+03 3.953E−02 2.274E+03 2.368E+03 4.154E−02 7.750E+01 6.000E+03 3.480E+05 1.059E+01 9.438E−02 3.670E+03 3.800E+03 3.538E−02 2.184E+03 2.281E+03 4.441E−02 9.484E+01 7.000E+03 4.060E+05 9.983E+00 1.002E−01 3.583E+03 3.705E+03 3.415E−02 2.099E+03 2.201E+03 4.849E−02 1.134E+02 8.000E+03 4.640E+05 9.430E+00 1.060E−01 3.489E+03 3.610E+03 3.488E−02 2.020E+03 2.128E+03 5.336E−02 1.331E+02 9.000E+03 5.220E+05 8.933E+00 1.120E−01 3.393E+03 3.518E+03 3.695E−02 1.947E+03 2.061E+03 5.871E−02 1.539E+02 1.000E+04 5.800E+05 8.482E+00 1.179E−01 3.298E+03 3.430E+03 3.996E−02 1.879E+03 2.000E+03 6.436E−02 1.759E+02 1.500E+04 8.700E+05 6.762E+00 1.479E−01 2.872E+03 3.050E+03 6.219E−02 1.601E+03 1.751E+03 9.420E−02 3.032E+02 2.000E+04 1.160E+06 5.613E+00 1.781E−01 2.532E+03 2.756E+03 8.839E−02 1.398E+03 1.570E+03 1.232E−01 4.584E+02 3.000E+04 1.740E+06 4.178E+00 2.394E−01 2.046E+03 2.333E+03 1.404E−01 1.122E+03 1.318E+03 1.749E−01 8.513E+02 4.000E+04 2.320E+06 3.315E+00 3.017E−01 1.717E+03 2.040E+03 1.883E−01 9.416E+02 1.148E+03 2.188E−01 1.353E+03 5.000E+04 2.900E+06 2.761E+00 3.621E−01 1.492E+03 1.828E+03 2.253E−01 8.164E+02 1.025E+03 2.561E−01 1.946E+03 6.000E+04 3.480E+06 2.368E+00 4.223E−01 1.323E+03 1.664E+03 2.578E−01 7.229E+02 9.318E+02 2.888E−01 2.633E+03 7.000E+04 4.060E+06 2.075E+00 4.819E−01 1.192E+03 1.534E+03 2.861E−01 6.505E+02 8.572E+02 3.179E−01 3.409E+03 8.000E+04 4.640E+06 1.849E+00 5.408E−01 1.088E+03 1.426E+03 3.107E−01 5.926E+02 7.962E+02 3.436E−01 4.269E+03 9.000E+04 5.220E+06 1.670E+00 5.989E−01 1.003E+03 1.336E+03 3.322E−01 5.454E+02 7.453E+02 3.664E−01 5.209E+03 1.000E+05 5.800E+06 1.524E+00 6.562E−01 9.326E+02 1.260E+03 3.510E−01 5.061E+02 7.019E+02 3.869E−01 6.227E+03 1.500E+05 8.700E+06 1.075E+00 9.299E−01 7.048E+02 9.987E+02 4.170E−01 3.792E+02 5.545E+02 4.626E−01 1.236E+04 2.000E+05 1.160E+07 8.457E−01 1.182E+00 5.809E+02 8.444E+02 4.535E−01 3.100E+02 4.677E+02 5.086E−01 1.999E+04 3.000E+05 1.740E+07 6.129E−01 1.632E+00 4.489E+02 6.662E+02 4.840E−01 2.365E+02 3.675E+02 5.542E−01 3.880E+04 4.000E+05 2.320E+07 4.952E−01 2.019E+00 3.791E+02 5.644E+02 4.887E−01 1.978E+02 3.102E+02 5.684E−01 6.124E+04 5.000E+05 2.900E+07 4.241E−01 2.358E+00 3.358E+02 4.977E+02 4.819E−01 1.739E+02 2.725E+02 5.669E−01 8.642E+04 6.000E+05 3.480E+07 3.764E−01 2.657E+00 3.063E+02 4.502E+02 4.699E−01 1.577E+02 2.456E+02 5.572E−01 1.137E+05 7.000E+05 4.060E+07 3.421E−01 2.923E+00 2.848E+02 4.145E+02 4.557E−01 1.460E+02 2.254E+02 5.432E−01 1.427E+05 8.000E+05 4.640E+07 3.162E−01 3.163E+00 2.684E+02 3.867E+02 4.404E−01 1.372E+02 2.095E+02 5.268E−01 1.729E+05 9.000E+05 5.220E+07 2.959E−01 3.380E+00 2.556E+02 3.642E+02 4.252E−01 1.303E+02 1.968E+02 5.095E−01 2.043E+05 1.000E+06 5.800E+07 2.796E−01 3.577E+00 2.452E+02 3.458E+02 4.101E−01 1.249E+02 1.863E+02 4.917E−01 2.366E+05

NICKEL-60 IONS: A=60 Z=28 (a) Instantaneous Data

∆M=−64.47020 MeV Mc2=5.5825E+04 MeV

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

1.000E−01 6.000E+00 2.150E−07 0.000E+00 1.516E−01 6.594E+00 5.239E+02 5.239E+02 1.880E−02 2.745E+02 1.500E−01 9.000E+00 3.224E−07 0.000E+00 2.266E−01 4.414E+00 5.879E+02 5.879E+02 2.413E−02 2.371E+02 2.000E−01 1.200E+01 4.299E−07 0.000E+00 2.874E−01 3.479E+00 6.249E+02 6.249E+02 2.903E−02 2.141E+02 3.000E−01 1.800E+01 6.449E−07 0.000E+00 4.262E−01 2.346E+00 6.825E+02 6.825E+02 3.812E−02 1.861E+02 4.000E−01 2.400E+01 8.598E−07 0.000E+00 5.379E−01 1.859E+00 7.134E+02 7.134E+02 4.665E−02 1.689E+02 5.000E−01 3.000E+01 1.075E−06 0.000E+00 6.583E−01 1.519E+00 7.376E+02 7.376E+02 5.486E−02 1.569E+02 6.000E−01 3.600E+01 1.290E−06 0.000E+00 7.897E−01 1.266E+00 7.572E+02 7.572E+02 6.285E−02 1.479E+02 7.000E−01 4.200E+01 1.505E−06 0.000E+00 8.885E−01 1.125E+00 7.685E+02 7.685E+02 7.068E−02 1.409E+02 8.000E−01 4.800E+01 1.720E−06 0.000E+00 9.900E−01 1.010E+00 7.779E+02 7.779E+02 7.841E−02 1.351E+02

1.303E+02 1.000E+00 6.000E+01 2.150E−06 0.000E+00 1.204E+00 8.308E−01 7.925E+02 7.925E+02 9.362E−02 1.261E+02 1.500E+00 9.000E+01 3.224E−06 0.000E+00 1.735E+00 5.764E−01 8.115E+02 8.115E+02 1.309E−01 1.119E+02 2.000E+00 1.200E+02 4.299E−06 0.000E+00 2.147E+00 4.658E−01 8.184E+02 8.184E+02 1.677E−01 1.031E+02 3.000E+00 1.800E+02 6.449E−06 0.000E+00 3.031E+00 3.300E−01 8.266E+02 8.266E+02 2.405E−01 9.244E+01 4.000E+00 2.400E+02 8.598E−06 0.000E+00 3.694E+00 2.707E−01 8.326E+02 8.326E+02 3.128E−01 8.590E+01 5.000E+00 3.000E+02 1.075E−05 0.000E+00 4.365E+00 2.291E−01 8.407E+02 8.407E+02 3.844E−01 8.134E+01 6.000E+00 3.600E+02 1.290E−05 0.000E+00 5.050E+00 1.980E−01 8.519E+02 8.519E+02 4.552E−01 7.792E+01 7.000E+00 4.200E+02 1.505E−05 0.000E+00 5.536E+00 1.807E−01 8.618E+02 8.618E+02 5.250E−01 7.523E+01 8.000E+00 4.800E+02 1.720E−05 0.000E+00 6.009E+00 1.664E−01 8.731E+02 8.731E+02 5.939E−01 7.303E+01 9.000E+00 5.400E+02 1.935E−05 0.000E+00 6.472E+00 1.545E−01 8.859E+02 8.859E+02 6.617E−01 7.119E+01 1.000E+01 6.000E+02 2.150E−05 0.000E+00 6.926E+00 1.444E−01 9.001E+02 9.001E+02 7.285E−01 6.962E+01 1.500E+01 9.000E+02 3.224E−05 0.000E+00 8.798E+00 1.137E−01 9.795E+02 9.795E+02 1.046E+00 6.419E+01 2.000E+01 1.200E+03 4.299E−05 0.000E+00 9.912E+00 1.009E−01 1.048E+03 1.048E+03 1.340E+00 6.086E+01 3.000E+01 1.800E+03 6.448E−05 0.000E+00 1.153E+01 8.672E−02 1.204E+03 1.204E+03 1.869E+00 5.680E+01 4.000E+01 2.400E+03 8.598E−05 0.000E+00 1.223E+01 8.177E−02 1.325E+03 1.325E+03 2.338E+00 5.431E+01 5.000E+01 3.000E+03 1.075E−04 0.000E+00 1.261E+01 7.928E−02 1.450E+03 1.425E+03 2.764E+00 5.257E+01 6.000E+01 3.600E+03 1.290E−04 0.000E+00 1.276E+01 7.840E−02 1.580E+03 1.464E+03 3.156E+00 5.127E+01 7.000E+01 4.200E+03 1.505E−04 0.000E+00 1.274E+01 7.850E−02 1.673E+03 1.497E+03 3.521E+00 5.025E+01 8.000E+01 4.800E+03 1.719E−04 0.000E+00 1.265E+01 7.905E−02 1.765E+03 1.534E+03 3.865E+00 4.941E+01 9.000E+01 5.400E+03 1.934E−04 0.000E+00 1.251E+01 7.996E−02 1.857E+03 1.574E+03 4.190E+00 4.871E+01 1.000E+02 6.000E+03 2.149E−04 0.000E+00 1.232E+01 8.119E−02 1.948E+03 1.617E+03 4.500E+00 4.811E+01 1.500E+02 9.000E+03 3.224E−04 0.000E+00 1.265E+01 7.908E−02 2.355E+03 1.832E+03 5.879E+00 4.604E+01 2.000E+02 1.200E+04 4.298E−04 0.000E+00 1.330E+01 7.521E−02 2.632E+03 1.994E+03 7.069E+00 4.478E+01 3.000E+02 1.800E+04 6.446E−04 0.000E+00 1.426E+01 7.013E−02 3.139E+03 2.308E+03 9.124E+00 4.323E+01 4.000E+02 2.400E+04 8.593E−04 0.000E+00 1.471E+01 6.796E−02 3.457E+03 2.512E+03 1.093E+01 4.228E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

4.000E+02 2.400E+04 8.593E−04 0.000E+00 1.471E+01 6.796E−02 3.457E+03 2.512E+03 1.093E+01 4.228E+01 5.000E+02 3.000E+04 1.074E−03 0.000E+00 1.500E+01 6.666E−02 3.732E+03 2.686E+03 1.257E+01 4.162E+01 6.000E+02 3.600E+04 1.288E−03 0.000E+00 1.514E+01 6.604E−02 3.969E+03 2.832E+03 1.412E+01 4.112E+01 7.000E+02 4.200E+04 1.503E−03 0.000E+00 1.515E+01 6.599E−02 4.110E+03 2.913E+03 1.560E+01 4.073E+01 8.000E+02 4.800E+04 1.717E−03 0.000E+00 1.510E+01 6.622E−02 4.225E+03 2.973E+03 1.702E+01 4.042E+01 9.000E+02 5.400E+04 1.932E−03 0.000E+00 1.498E+01 6.674E−02 4.317E+03 3.013E+03 1.842E+01 4.015E+01 1.000E+03 6.000E+04 2.146E−03 0.000E+00 1.481E+01 6.754E−02 4.384E+03 3.031E+03 1.979E+01 3.992E+01 1.500E+03 9.000E+04 3.217E−03 6.962E+04 1.341E+01 7.456E−02 4.416E+03 2.871E+03 2.656E+01 3.913E+01 2.000E+03 1.200E+05 4.285E−03 6.353E+04 1.233E+01 8.110E−02 4.318E+03 2.659E+03 3.344E+01 3.865E+01 3.000E+03 1.800E+05 6.418E−03 5.312E+04 1.036E+01 9.649E−02 4.012E+03 2.160E+03 4.788E+01 3.806E+01 4.000E+03 2.400E+05 8.543E−03 4.696E+04 9.158E+00 1.092E−01 3.755E+03 2.008E+03 6.343E+01 3.770E+01 5.000E+03 3.000E+05 1.066E−02 4.173E+04 8.118E+00 1.232E−01 3.497E+03 1.864E+03 8.017E+01 3.745E+01 6.000E+03 3.600E+05 1.277E−02 3.717E+04 7.204E+00 1.388E−01 3.242E+03 1.725E+03 9.811E+01 3.726E+01 7.000E+03 4.200E+05 1.488E−02 3.432E+04 6.632E+00 1.508E−01 3.068E+03 1.632E+03 1.173E+02 3.711E+01 8.000E+03 4.800E+05 1.698E−02 3.178E+04 6.123E+00 1.633E−01 2.905E+03 1.545E+03 1.376E+02 3.699E+01 9.000E+03 5.400E+05 1.907E−02 2.951E+04 5.665E+00 1.765E−01 2.752E+03 1.463E+03 1.592E+02 3.689E+01 1.000E+04 6.000E+05 2.115E−02 2.745E+04 5.250E+00 1.905E−01 2.607E+03 1.386E+03 1.820E+02 3.680E+01 1.500E+04 9.000E+05 3.148E−02 2.027E+04 3.807E+00 2.627E−01 2.054E+03 1.097E+03 3.136E+02 3.650E+01 2.000E+04 1.200E+06 4.164E−02 1.668E+04 3.091E+00 3.235E−01 1.749E+03 9.390E+02 4.742E+02 3.632E+01 3.000E+04 1.800E+06 6.150E−02 1.182E+04 2.127E+00 4.701E−01 1.298E+03 7.075E+02 8.807E+02 3.610E+01 4.000E+04 2.400E+06 8.074E−02 9.528E+03 1.677E+00 5.964E−01 1.069E+03 5.902E+02 1.399E+03 3.596E+01 5.000E+04 3.000E+06 9.940E−02 7.849E+03 1.393E+00 7.177E−01 9.220E+02 5.005E+02 2.014E+03 3.586E+01

3.579E+01 7.000E+04 4.200E+06 1.350E−01 5.841E+03 1.030E+00 9.707E−01 7.196E+02 3.882E+02 3.526E+03 3.573E+01 8.000E+04 4.800E+06 1.521E−01 5.245E+03 9.238E−01 1.083E+00 6.578E+02 3.536E+02 4.416E+03 3.569E+01 9.000E+04 5.400E+06 1.686E−01 4.745E+03 8.350E−01 1.198E+00 6.053E+02 3.242E+02 5.389E+03 3.565E+01 1.000E+05 6.000E+06 1.847E−01 4.320E+03 7.597E−01 1.316E+00 5.600E+02 2.988E+02 6.442E+03 3.562E+01 1.500E+05 9.000E+06 2.584E−01 3.167E+03 5.567E−01 1.796E+00 4.339E+02 2.281E+02 1.278E+04 3.550E+01 2.000E+05 1.200E+07 3.225E−01 2.477E+03 4.354E−01 2.296E+00 3.553E+02 1.841E+02 2.068E+04 3.543E+01 3.000E+05 1.800E+07 4.282E−01 1.899E+03 3.334E−01 2.999E+00 2.870E+02 1.464E+02 4.013E+04 3.535E+01 4.000E+05 2.400E+07 5.109E−01 1.558E+03 2.726E−01 3.669E+00 2.453E+02 1.237E+02 6.335E+04 3.529E+01 5.000E+05 3.000E+07 5.769E−01 1.375E+03 2.394E−01 4.177E+00 2.224E+02 1.115E+02 8.940E+04 3.526E+01 6.000E+05 3.600E+07 6.304E−01 1.276E+03 2.214E−01 4.517E+00 2.100E+02 1.051E+02 1.176E+05 3.523E+01 7.000E+05 4.200E+07 6.743E−01 1.171E+03 2.017E−01 4.959E+00 1.965E+02 9.823E+01 1.476E+05 3.521E+01 8.000E+05 4.800E+07 7.109E−01 1.114E+03 1.908E−01 5.241E+00 1.892E+02 9.463E+01 1.789E+05 3.519E+01 9.000E+05 5.400E+07 7.416E−01 1.067E+03 1.818E−01 5.502E+00 1.832E+02 9.177E+01 2.114E+05 3.518E+01 1.000E+06 6.000E+07 7.677E−01 1.028E+03 1.741E−01 5.744E+00 1.783E+02 8.948E+01 2.448E+05 3.516E+01

(b) Equilibrium Values

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

1.000E−01 6.000E+00 6.379E−02 1.568E+01 3.419E+02 3.987E+02 1.662E−01 3.419E+02 3.987E+02 1.662E−01 1.880E−02 1.500E−01 9.000E+00 9.433E−02 1.060E+01 3.936E+02 4.537E+02 1.529E−01 3.936E+02 4.537E+02 1.529E−01 2.413E−02 2.000E−01 1.200E+01 1.246E−01 8.025E+00 4.323E+02 4.935E+02 1.417E−01 4.323E+02 4.935E+02 1.417E−01 2.903E−02 3.000E−01 1.800E+01 1.845E−01 5.420E+00 4.886E+02 5.493E+02 1.243E−01 4.886E+02 5.493E+02 1.243E−01 3.812E−02 4.000E−01 2.400E+01 2.435E−01 4.107E+00 5.290E+02 5.878E+02 1.112E−01 5.290E+02 5.878E+02 1.112E−01 4.665E−02 5.000E−01 3.000E+01 3.017E−01 3.314E+00 5.600E+02 6.165E+02 1.009E−01 5.600E+02 6.165E+02 1.009E−01 5.486E−02 6.000E−01 3.600E+01 3.592E−01 2.784E+00 5.848E+02 6.389E+02 9.259E−02 5.848E+02 6.389E+02 9.259E−02 6.285E−02 7.000E−01 4.200E+01 4.160E−01 2.404E+00 6.052E+02 6.571E+02 8.562E−02 6.052E+02 6.571E+02 8.562E−02 7.068E−02 8.000E−01 4.800E+01 4.722E−01 2.118E+00 6.224E+02 6.720E+02 7.969E−02 6.224E+02 6.720E+02 7.969E−02 7.841E−02 9.000E−01 5.400E+01 5.277E−01 1.895E+00 6.371E+02 6.846E+02 7.456E−02 6.371E+02 6.846E+02 7.456E−02 8.605E−02 1.000E+00 6.000E+01 5.826E−01 1.716E+00 6.498E+02 6.954E+02 7.007E−02 6.498E+02 6.954E+02 7.007E−02 9.362E−02 1.500E+00 9.000E+01 8.486E−01 1.178E+00 6.944E+02 7.319E+02 5.393E−02 6.944E+02 7.319E+02 5.393E−02 1.309E−01 2.000E+00 1.200E+02 1.102E+00 9.075E−01 7.213E+02 7.529E+02 4.384E−02 7.213E+02 7.529E+02 4.384E−02 1.677E−01 3.000E+00 1.800E+02 1.575E+00 6.348E−01 7.524E+02 7.764E+02 3.192E−02 7.524E+02 7.764E+02 3.192E−02 2.405E−01 4.000E+00 2.400E+02 2.010E+00 4.974E−01 7.705E+02 7.899E+02 2.519E−02 7.705E+02 7.899E+02 2.519E−02 3.128E−01 5.000E+00 3.000E+02 2.412E+00 4.145E−01 7.831E+02 7.995E+02 2.096E−02 7.831E+02 7.995E+02 2.096E−02 3.844E−01 6.000E+00 3.600E+02 2.785E+00 3.590E−01 7.932E+02 8.075E+02 1.812E−02 7.932E+02 8.075E+02 1.812E−02 4.552E−01 7.000E+00 4.200E+02 3.133E+00 3.192E−01 8.019E+02 8.148E+02 1.613E−02 8.019E+02 8.148E+02 1.613E−02 5.250E−01 8.000E+00 4.800E+02 3.458E+00 2.892E−01 8.099E+02 8.219E+02 1.473E−02 8.099E+02 8.219E+02 1.473E−02 5.939E−01 9.000E+00 5.400E+02 3.763E+00 2.658E−01 8.176E+02 8.288E+02 1.374E−02 8.176E+02 8.288E+02 1.374E−02 6.617E−01 1.000E+01 6.000E+02 4.049E+00 2.470E−01 8.250E+02 8.358E+02 1.305E−02 8.250E+02 8.358E+02 1.305E−02 7.285E−01 1.500E+01 9.000E+02 5.256E+00 1.902E−01 8.610E+02 8.718E+02 1.251E−02 8.610E+02 8.718E+02 1.251E−02 1.046E+00 2.000E+01 1.200E+03 6.187E+00 1.616E−01 8.961E+02 9.092E+02 1.459E−02 8.961E+02 9.092E+02 1.459E−02 1.340E+00 3.000E+01 1.800E+03 7.520E+00 1.330E−01 9.635E+02 9.847E+02 2.197E−02 9.635E+02 9.847E+02 2.197E−02 1.869E+00 4.000E+01 2.400E+03 8.417E+00 1.188E−01 1.027E+03 1.058E+03 3.077E−02 1.027E+03 1.058E+03 3.077E−02 2.338E+00 5.000E+01 3.000E+03 9.047E+00 1.105E−01 1.086E+03 1.129E+03 3.961E−02 1.084E+03 1.126E+03 3.889E−02 2.764E+00 6.000E+01 3.600E+03 9.504E+00 1.052E−01 1.141E+03 1.196E+03 4.801E−02 1.129E+03 1.178E+03 4.269E−02 3.156E+00 7.000E+01 4.200E+03 9.841E+00 1.016E−01 1.193E+03 1.259E+03 5.580E−02 1.166E+03 1.218E+03 4.453E−02 3.521E+00 8.000E+01 4.800E+03 1.009E+01 9.908E−02 1.242E+03 1.320E+03 6.298E−02 1.198E+03 1.253E+03 4.573E−02 3.865E+00 9.000E+01 5.400E+03 1.028E+01 9.726E−02 1.289E+03 1.378E+03 6.960E−02 1.227E+03 1.284E+03 4.676E−02 4.190E+00 1.000E+02 6.000E+03 1.042E+01 9.593E−02 1.333E+03 1.434E+03 7.563E−02 1.253E+03 1.313E+03 4.772E−02 4.500E+00 1.500E+02 9.000E+03 1.085E+01 9.215E−02 1.531E+03 1.683E+03 9.929E−02 1.366E+03 1.439E+03 5.332E−02 5.879E+00 2.000E+02 1.200E+04 1.122E+01 8.912E−02 1.697E+03 1.893E+03 1.152E−01 1.461E+03 1.548E+03 5.967E−02 7.069E+00 3.000E+02 1.800E+04 1.182E+01 8.462E−02 1.972E+03 2.236E+03 1.339E−01 1.620E+03 1.736E+03 7.155E−02 9.124E+00 4.000E+02 2.400E+04 1.227E+01 8.152E−02 2.197E+03 2.511E+03 1.432E−01 1.754E+03 1.896E+03 8.064E−02 1.093E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

4.000E+02 2.400E+04 1.227E+01 8.152E−02 2.197E+03 2.511E+03 1.432E−01 1.754E+03 1.896E+03 8.064E−02 1.093E+01 5.000E+02 3.000E+04 1.261E+01 7.928E−02 2.386E+03 2.737E+03 1.474E−01 1.869E+03 2.031E+03 8.678E−02 1.257E+01 6.000E+02 3.600E+04 1.289E+01 7.760E−02 2.549E+03 2.928E+03 1.484E−01 1.968E+03 2.146E+03 9.045E−02 1.412E+01 7.000E+02 4.200E+04 1.310E+01 7.633E−02 2.693E+03 3.090E+03 1.475E−01 2.055E+03 2.245E+03 9.218E−02 1.560E+01 8.000E+02 4.800E+04 1.327E+01 7.536E−02 2.819E+03 3.229E+03 1.452E−01 2.131E+03 2.328E+03 9.241E−02 1.702E+01 9.000E+02 5.400E+04 1.340E+01 7.462E−02 2.931E+03 3.348E+03 1.421E−01 2.198E+03 2.399E+03 9.146E−02 1.842E+01 1.000E+03 6.000E+04 1.350E+01 7.406E−02 3.031E+03 3.450E+03 1.382E−01 2.255E+03 2.457E+03 8.961E−02 1.979E+01 1.500E+03 9.000E+04 1.365E+01 7.326E−02 3.388E+03 3.778E+03 1.149E−01 2.437E+03 2.617E+03 7.358E−02 2.656E+01 2.000E+03 1.200E+05 1.347E+01 7.425E−02 3.589E+03 3.924E+03 9.341E−02 2.501E+03 2.647E+03 5.816E−02 3.344E+01 3.000E+03 1.800E+05 1.278E+01 7.822E−02 3.760E+03 4.002E+03 6.436E−02 2.466E+03 2.572E+03 4.311E−02 4.788E+01 4.000E+03 2.400E+05 1.201E+01 8.323E−02 3.785E+03 3.967E+03 4.798E−02 2.369E+03 2.465E+03 4.041E−02 6.343E+01 5.000E+03 3.000E+05 1.127E+01 8.871E−02 3.743E+03 3.891E+03 3.950E−02 2.274E+03 2.368E+03 4.152E−02 8.017E+01 6.000E+03 3.600E+05 1.060E+01 9.437E−02 3.671E+03 3.800E+03 3.522E−02 2.184E+03 2.281E+03 4.425E−02 9.811E+01 7.000E+03 4.200E+05 9.984E+00 1.002E−01 3.583E+03 3.705E+03 3.402E−02 2.099E+03 2.201E+03 4.838E−02 1.173E+02 8.000E+03 4.800E+05 9.431E+00 1.060E−01 3.489E+03 3.610E+03 3.477E−02 2.021E+03 2.128E+03 5.326E−02 1.376E+02 9.000E+03 5.400E+05 8.933E+00 1.119E−01 3.393E+03 3.519E+03 3.686E−02 1.947E+03 2.062E+03 5.863E−02 1.592E+02 1.000E+04 6.000E+05 8.483E+00 1.179E−01 3.299E+03 3.430E+03 3.989E−02 1.879E+03 2.000E+03 6.431E−02 1.820E+02 1.500E+04 9.000E+05 6.762E+00 1.479E−01 2.872E+03 3.050E+03 6.215E−02 1.601E+03 1.751E+03 9.417E−02 3.136E+02 2.000E+04 1.200E+06 5.613E+00 1.782E−01 2.532E+03 2.756E+03 8.839E−02 1.398E+03 1.570E+03 1.232E−01 4.742E+02 3.000E+04 1.800E+06 4.178E+00 2.394E−01 2.046E+03 2.333E+03 1.403E−01 1.122E+03 1.318E+03 1.749E−01 8.807E+02 4.000E+04 2.400E+06 3.315E+00 3.017E−01 1.717E+03 2.040E+03 1.883E−01 9.416E+02 1.148E+03 2.188E−01 1.399E+03 5.000E+04 3.000E+06 2.758E+00 3.625E−01 1.490E+03 1.828E+03 2.266E−01 8.164E+02 1.025E+03 2.561E−01 2.014E+03 6.000E+04 3.600E+06 2.366E+00 4.227E−01 1.322E+03 1.664E+03 2.588E−01 7.229E+02 9.317E+02 2.888E−01 2.724E+03 7.000E+04 4.200E+06 2.074E+00 4.822E−01 1.191E+03 1.533E+03 2.868E−01 6.505E+02 8.572E+02 3.178E−01 3.526E+03 8.000E+04 4.800E+06 1.848E+00 5.411E−01 1.087E+03 1.426E+03 3.112E−01 5.926E+02 7.962E+02 3.436E−01 4.416E+03 9.000E+04 5.400E+06 1.669E+00 5.993E−01 1.003E+03 1.336E+03 3.326E−01 5.454E+02 7.452E+02 3.665E−01 5.389E+03 1.000E+05 6.000E+06 1.523E+00 6.566E−01 9.320E+02 1.259E+03 3.514E−01 5.060E+02 7.019E+02 3.870E−01 6.442E+03 1.500E+05 9.000E+06 1.075E+00 9.303E−01 7.045E+02 9.983E+02 4.169E−01 3.791E+02 5.545E+02 4.625E−01 1.278E+04 2.000E+05 1.200E+07 8.454E−01 1.183E+00 5.807E+02 8.440E+02 4.533E−01 3.100E+02 4.677E+02 5.086E−01 2.068E+04 3.000E+05 1.800E+07 6.127E−01 1.632E+00 4.488E+02 6.659E+02 4.838E−01 2.365E+02 3.675E+02 5.543E−01 4.013E+04 4.000E+05 2.400E+07 4.951E−01 2.020E+00 3.791E+02 5.642E+02 4.883E−01 1.978E+02 3.102E+02 5.684E−01 6.335E+04 5.000E+05 3.000E+07 4.241E−01 2.358E+00 3.358E+02 4.975E+02 4.815E−01 1.739E+02 2.725E+02 5.669E−01 8.940E+04 6.000E+05 3.600E+07 3.764E−01 2.657E+00 3.062E+02 4.500E+02 4.695E−01 1.577E+02 2.456E+02 5.572E−01 1.176E+05 7.000E+05 4.200E+07 3.420E−01 2.924E+00 2.847E+02 4.144E+02 4.552E−01 1.460E+02 2.253E+02 5.431E−01 1.476E+05 8.000E+05 4.800E+07 3.161E−01 3.163E+00 2.684E+02 3.865E+02 4.401E−01 1.372E+02 2.095E+02 5.268E−01 1.789E+05 9.000E+05 5.400E+07 2.959E−01 3.380E+00 2.556E+02 3.641E+02 4.248E−01 1.303E+02 1.968E+02 5.094E−01 2.114E+05 1.000E+06 6.000E+07 2.795E−01 3.578E+00 2.452E+02 3.457E+02 4.098E−01 1.249E+02 1.862E+02 4.917E−01 2.448E+05

BROMINE-79 IONS: A=79 Z=35 (a) Instantaneous Data

∆M=−76.07000 MeV Mc2=7.3512E+04 MeV

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

1.000E−01 7.900E+00 2.149E−07 0.000E+00 1.545E−01 6.473E+00 6.273E+02 6.273E+02 2.129E−02 3.133E+02 1.500E−01 1.185E+01 3.224E−07 0.000E+00 2.193E−01 4.560E+00 6.979E+02 6.979E+02 2.719E−02 2.699E+02 2.000E−01 1.580E+01 4.299E−07 0.000E+00 2.940E−01 3.402E+00 7.563E+02 7.563E+02 3.257E−02 2.433E+02 3.000E−01 2.370E+01 6.448E−07 0.000E+00 4.148E−01 2.411E+00 8.222E+02 8.222E+02 4.249E−02 2.108E+02 4.000E−01 3.160E+01 8.597E−07 0.000E+00 5.528E−01 1.809E+00 8.733E+02 8.733E+02 5.174E−02 1.909E+02 5.000E−01 3.950E+01 1.075E−06 0.000E+00 6.777E−01 1.476E+00 9.065E+02 9.065E+02 6.060E−02 1.770E+02 6.000E−01 4.740E+01 1.290E−06 0.000E+00 7.738E−01 1.292E+00 9.264E+02 9.264E+02 6.918E−02 1.666E+02 7.000E−01 5.530E+01 1.505E−06 0.000E+00 9.174E−01 1.090E+00 9.499E+02 9.499E+02 7.757E−02 1.584E+02 8.000E−01 6.320E+01 1.719E−06 0.000E+00 1.023E+00 9.772E−01 9.636E+02 9.636E+02 8.582E−02 1.517E+02

1.462E+02 1.000E+00 7.900E+01 2.149E−06 0.000E+00 1.247E+00 8.020E−01 9.853E+02 9.853E+02 1.020E−01 1.414E+02 1.500E+00 1.185E+02 3.224E−06 0.000E+00 1.720E+00 5.815E−01 1.012E+03 1.012E+03 1.414E−01 1.248E+02 2.000E+00 1.580E+02 4.299E−06 0.000E+00 2.241E+00 4.463E−01 1.027E+03 1.027E+03 1.801E−01 1.147E+02 3.000E+00 2.370E+02 6.448E−06 0.000E+00 3.039E+00 3.291E−01 1.038E+03 1.038E+03 2.565E−01 1.024E+02 4.000E+00 3.160E+02 8.597E−06 0.000E+00 3.890E+00 2.571E−01 1.045E+03 1.045E+03 3.323E−01 9.477E+01 5.000E+00 3.950E+02 1.075E−05 0.000E+00 4.612E+00 2.168E−01 1.053E+03 1.053E+03 4.076E−01 8.949E+01 6.000E+00 4.740E+02 1.290E−05 0.000E+00 5.138E+00 1.946E−01 1.060E+03 1.060E+03 4.823E−01 8.553E+01 7.000E+00 5.530E+02 1.504E−05 0.000E+00 5.881E+00 1.700E−01 1.073E+03 1.073E+03 5.563E−01 8.241E+01 8.000E+00 6.320E+02 1.719E−05 0.000E+00 6.396E+00 1.563E−01 1.084E+03 1.084E+03 6.295E−01 7.986E+01 9.000E+00 7.110E+02 1.934E−05 0.000E+00 6.903E+00 1.449E−01 1.096E+03 1.096E+03 7.019E−01 7.773E+01 1.000E+01 7.900E+02 2.149E−05 0.000E+00 7.401E+00 1.351E−01 1.110E+03 1.110E+03 7.735E−01 7.592E+01 1.500E+01 1.185E+03 3.224E−05 0.000E+00 9.194E+00 1.088E−01 1.178E+03 1.178E+03 1.118E+00 6.962E+01 2.000E+01 1.580E+03 4.298E−05 0.000E+00 1.073E+01 9.323E−02 1.264E+03 1.264E+03 1.440E+00 6.576E+01 3.000E+01 2.370E+03 6.448E−05 0.000E+00 1.236E+01 8.089E−02 1.408E+03 1.408E+03 2.028E+00 6.106E+01 4.000E+01 3.160E+03 8.597E−05 0.000E+00 1.341E+01 7.460E−02 1.569E+03 1.569E+03 2.555E+00 5.817E+01 5.000E+01 3.950E+03 1.075E−04 0.000E+00 1.388E+01 7.205E−02 1.710E+03 1.661E+03 3.036E+00 5.616E+01 6.000E+01 4.740E+03 1.289E−04 0.000E+00 1.405E+01 7.118E−02 1.814E+03 1.685E+03 3.481E+00 5.465E+01 7.000E+01 5.530E+03 1.504E−04 0.000E+00 1.410E+01 7.091E−02 1.917E+03 1.715E+03 3.896E+00 5.347E+01 8.000E+01 6.320E+03 1.719E−04 0.000E+00 1.402E+01 7.131E−02 2.069E+03 1.769E+03 4.288E+00 5.250E+01 9.000E+01 7.110E+03 1.934E−04 0.000E+00 1.389E+01 7.201E−02 2.175E+03 1.812E+03 4.659E+00 5.169E+01 1.000E+02 7.900E+03 2.149E−04 0.000E+00 1.370E+01 7.299E−02 2.281E+03 1.859E+03 5.013E+00 5.099E+01 1.500E+02 1.185E+04 3.223E−04 0.000E+00 1.419E+01 7.046E−02 2.688E+03 2.063E+03 6.589E+00 4.860E+01 2.000E+02 1.580E+04 4.297E−04 0.000E+00 1.518E+01 6.586E−02 3.083E+03 2.288E+03 7.948E+00 4.713E+01 3.000E+02 2.370E+04 6.445E−04 0.000E+00 1.627E+01 6.148E−02 3.607E+03 2.609E+03 1.029E+01 4.534E+01 4.000E+02 3.160E+04 8.592E−04 0.000E+00 1.704E+01 5.867E−02 4.082E+03 2.914E+03 1.231E+01 4.424E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

4.000E+02 3.160E+04 8.592E−04 0.000E+00 1.704E+01 5.867E−02 4.082E+03 2.914E+03 1.231E+01 4.424E+01 5.000E+02 3.950E+04 1.074E−03 0.000E+00 1.738E+01 5.753E−02 4.341E+03 3.081E+03 1.418E+01 4.347E+01 6.000E+02 4.740E+04 1.288E−03 0.000E+00 1.770E+01 5.650E−02 4.652E+03 3.281E+03 1.591E+01 4.290E+01 7.000E+02 5.530E+04 1.503E−03 0.000E+00 1.784E+01 5.607E−02 4.846E+03 3.403E+03 1.755E+01 4.245E+01 8.000E+02 6.320E+04 1.717E−03 0.000E+00 1.791E+01 5.585E−02 5.090E+03 3.548E+03 1.913E+01 4.208E+01 9.000E+02 7.110E+04 1.932E−03 0.000E+00 1.787E+01 5.596E−02 5.227E+03 3.623E+03 2.066E+01 4.177E+01 1.000E+03 7.900E+04 2.146E−03 0.000E+00 1.783E+01 5.608E−02 5.284E+03 3.651E+03 2.216E+01 4.151E+01 1.500E+03 1.185E+05 3.216E−03 8.766E+04 1.680E+01 5.954E−02 5.528E+03 3.661E+03 2.937E+01 4.059E+01 2.000E+03 1.580E+05 4.285E−03 8.129E+04 1.571E+01 6.367E−02 5.496E+03 3.490E+03 3.654E+01 4.004E+01 3.000E+03 2.370E+05 6.417E−03 6.991E+04 1.359E+01 7.358E−02 5.253E+03 3.013E+03 5.128E+01 3.935E+01 4.000E+03 3.160E+05 8.542E−03 6.288E+04 1.222E+01 8.180E−02 5.005E+03 2.678E+03 6.681E+01 3.893E+01 5.000E+03 3.950E+05 1.066E−02 5.673E+04 1.101E+01 9.084E−02 4.733E+03 2.524E+03 8.327E+01 3.864E+01 6.000E+03 4.740E+05 1.277E−02 5.123E+04 9.909E+00 1.009E−01 4.450E+03 2.369E+03 1.007E+02 3.842E+01 7.000E+03 5.530E+05 1.488E−02 4.773E+04 9.205E+00 1.086E−01 4.251E+03 2.261E+03 1.191E+02 3.825E+01 8.000E+03 6.320E+05 1.698E−02 4.457E+04 8.570E+00 1.167E−01 4.059E+03 2.158E+03 1.385E+02 3.811E+01 9.000E+03 7.110E+05 1.907E−02 4.170E+04 7.991E+00 1.251E−01 3.874E+03 2.060E+03 1.589E+02 3.799E+01 1.000E+04 7.900E+05 2.115E−02 3.906E+04 7.458E+00 1.341E−01 3.695E+03 1.965E+03 1.803E+02 3.789E+01 1.500E+04 1.185E+06 3.148E−02 2.960E+04 5.554E+00 1.800E−01 2.990E+03 1.597E+03 3.019E+02 3.755E+01 2.000E+04 1.580E+06 4.164E−02 2.472E+04 4.576E+00 2.185E−01 2.583E+03 1.387E+03 4.478E+02 3.733E+01 3.000E+04 2.370E+06 6.149E−02 1.792E+04 3.223E+00 3.102E−01 1.963E+03 1.069E+03 8.101E+02 3.707E+01 4.000E+04 3.160E+06 8.073E−02 1.462E+04 2.574E+00 3.884E−01 1.638E+03 9.031E+02 1.265E+03 3.692E+01 5.000E+04 3.950E+06 9.939E−02 1.217E+04 2.159E+00 4.632E−01 1.425E+03 7.740E+02 1.798E+03 3.680E+01

3.672E+01 7.000E+04 5.530E+06 1.350E−01 9.171E+03 1.616E+00 6.189E−01 1.126E+03 6.079E+02 3.096E+03 3.666E+01 8.000E+04 6.320E+06 1.521E−01 8.262E+03 1.453E+00 6.880E−01 1.033E+03 5.557E+02 3.854E+03 3.660E+01 9.000E+04 7.110E+06 1.686E−01 7.492E+03 1.317E+00 7.594E−01 9.526E+02 5.106E+02 4.681E+03 3.656E+01 1.000E+05 7.900E+06 1.847E−01 6.832E+03 1.200E+00 8.333E−01 8.828E+02 4.714E+02 5.574E+03 3.652E+01 1.500E+05 1.185E+07 2.584E−01 4.799E+03 8.425E−01 1.187E+00 6.608E+02 3.468E+02 1.094E+04 3.639E+01 2.000E+05 1.580E+07 3.225E−01 3.931E+03 6.902E−01 1.449E+00 5.620E+02 2.916E+02 1.760E+04 3.631E+01 3.000E+05 2.370E+07 4.282E−01 2.898E+03 5.081E−01 1.968E+00 4.399E+02 2.241E+02 3.400E+04 3.621E+01 4.000E+05 3.160E+07 5.109E−01 2.466E+03 4.311E−01 2.320E+00 3.871E+02 1.954E+02 5.357E+04 3.615E+01 5.000E+05 3.950E+07 5.769E−01 2.173E+03 3.782E−01 2.644E+00 3.506E+02 1.759E+02 7.551E+04 3.610E+01 6.000E+05 4.740E+07 6.304E−01 1.961E+03 3.394E−01 2.946E+00 3.238E+02 1.620E+02 9.930E+04 3.607E+01 7.000E+05 5.530E+07 6.743E−01 1.847E+03 3.181E−01 3.144E+00 3.092E+02 1.546E+02 1.245E+05 3.605E+01 8.000E+05 6.320E+07 7.109E−01 1.755E+03 3.007E−01 3.325E+00 2.975E+02 1.488E+02 1.510E+05 3.603E+01 9.000E+05 7.110E+07 7.416E−01 1.681E+03 2.863E−01 3.493E+00 2.880E+02 1.442E+02 1.783E+05 3.601E+01 1.000E+06 7.900E+07 7.677E−01 1.618E+03 2.741E−01 3.648E+00 2.800E+02 1.405E+02 2.065E+05 3.600E+01

(b) Equilibrium Values

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

1.000E−01 7.900E+00 6.130E−02 1.631E+01 3.926E+02 4.666E+02 1.885E−01 3.926E+02 4.666E+02 1.885E−01 2.129E−02 1.500E−01 1.185E+01 9.096E−02 1.099E+01 4.557E+02 5.347E+02 1.736E−01 4.557E+02 5.347E+02 1.736E−01 2.719E−02 2.000E−01 1.580E+01 1.205E−01 8.302E+00 5.034E+02 5.846E+02 1.612E−01 5.034E+02 5.846E+02 1.612E−01 3.257E−02 3.000E−01 2.370E+01 1.790E−01 5.587E+00 5.739E+02 6.554E+02 1.421E−01 5.739E+02 6.554E+02 1.421E−01 4.249E−02 4.000E−01 3.160E+01 2.369E−01 4.222E+00 6.251E+02 7.050E+02 1.278E−01 6.251E+02 7.050E+02 1.278E−01 5.174E−02 5.000E−01 3.950E+01 2.942E−01 3.399E+00 6.650E+02 7.425E+02 1.166E−01 6.650E+02 7.425E+02 1.166E−01 6.060E−02 6.000E−01 4.740E+01 3.509E−01 2.850E+00 6.972E+02 7.722E+02 1.075E−01 6.972E+02 7.722E+02 1.075E−01 6.918E−02 7.000E−01 5.530E+01 4.071E−01 2.457E+00 7.241E+02 7.964E+02 9.985E−02 7.241E+02 7.964E+02 9.985E−02 7.757E−02 8.000E−01 6.320E+01 4.627E−01 2.161E+00 7.469E+02 8.166E+02 9.333E−02 7.469E+02 8.166E+02 9.333E−02 8.582E−02 9.000E−01 7.110E+01 5.179E−01 1.931E+00 7.666E+02 8.338E+02 8.766E−02 7.666E+02 8.338E+02 8.766E−02 9.395E−02 1.000E+00 7.900E+01 5.725E−01 1.747E+00 7.837E+02 8.485E+02 8.269E−02 7.837E+02 8.485E+02 8.269E−02 1.020E−01 1.500E+00 1.185E+02 8.386E−01 1.193E+00 8.452E+02 8.998E+02 6.464E−02 8.452E+02 8.998E+02 6.464E−02 1.414E−01 2.000E+00 1.580E+02 1.094E+00 9.143E−01 8.833E+02 9.302E+02 5.313E−02 8.833E+02 9.302E+02 5.313E−02 1.801E−01 3.000E+00 2.370E+02 1.575E+00 6.347E−01 9.283E+02 9.647E+02 3.921E−02 9.283E+02 9.647E+02 3.921E−02 2.565E−01 4.000E+00 3.160E+02 2.023E+00 4.943E−01 9.543E+02 9.840E+02 3.111E−02 9.543E+02 9.840E+02 3.111E−02 3.323E−01 5.000E+00 3.950E+02 2.441E+00 4.097E−01 9.720E+02 9.971E+02 2.588E−02 9.720E+02 9.971E+02 2.588E−02 4.076E−01 6.000E+00 4.740E+02 2.832E+00 3.532E−01 9.853E+02 1.007E+03 2.227E−02 9.853E+02 1.007E+03 2.227E−02 4.823E−01 7.000E+00 5.530E+02 3.198E+00 3.127E−01 9.962E+02 1.016E+03 1.967E−02 9.962E+02 1.016E+03 1.967E−02 5.563E−01 8.000E+00 6.320E+02 3.544E+00 2.822E−01 1.006E+03 1.024E+03 1.773E−02 1.006E+03 1.024E+03 1.773E−02 6.295E−01 9.000E+00 7.110E+02 3.869E+00 2.584E−01 1.015E+03 1.031E+03 1.628E−02 1.015E+03 1.031E+03 1.628E−02 7.019E−01 1.000E+01 7.900E+02 4.177E+00 2.394E−01 1.023E+03 1.038E+03 1.517E−02 1.023E+03 1.038E+03 1.517E−02 7.735E−01 1.500E+01 1.185E+03 5.491E+00 1.821E−01 1.061E+03 1.075E+03 1.280E−02 1.061E+03 1.075E+03 1.280E−02 1.118E+00 2.000E+01 1.580E+03 6.521E+00 1.534E−01 1.098E+03 1.113E+03 1.325E−02 1.098E+03 1.113E+03 1.325E−02 1.440E+00 3.000E+01 2.370E+03 8.022E+00 1.247E−01 1.169E+03 1.190E+03 1.781E−02 1.169E+03 1.190E+03 1.781E−02 2.028E+00 4.000E+01 3.160E+03 9.051E+00 1.105E−01 1.237E+03 1.267E+03 2.438E−02 1.237E+03 1.267E+03 2.438E−02 2.555E+00 5.000E+01 3.950E+03 9.784E+00 1.022E−01 1.301E+03 1.342E+03 3.154E−02 1.300E+03 1.340E+03 3.092E−02 3.036E+00 6.000E+01 4.740E+03 1.032E+01 9.687E−02 1.362E+03 1.415E+03 3.870E−02 1.348E+03 1.393E+03 3.375E−02 3.481E+00 7.000E+01 5.530E+03 1.073E+01 9.324E−02 1.419E+03 1.484E+03 4.557E−02 1.386E+03 1.435E+03 3.501E−02 3.896E+00 8.000E+01 6.320E+03 1.103E+01 9.066E−02 1.474E+03 1.551E+03 5.209E−02 1.420E+03 1.470E+03 3.579E−02 4.288E+00 9.000E+01 7.110E+03 1.126E+01 8.878E−02 1.526E+03 1.615E+03 5.818E−02 1.449E+03 1.502E+03 3.647E−02 4.659E+00 1.000E+02 7.900E+03 1.144E+01 8.739E−02 1.576E+03 1.676E+03 6.386E−02 1.477E+03 1.531E+03 3.716E−02 5.013E+00 1.500E+02 1.185E+04 1.200E+01 8.334E−02 1.798E+03 1.955E+03 8.704E−02 1.594E+03 1.661E+03 4.195E−02 6.589E+00 2.000E+02 1.580E+04 1.247E+01 8.019E−02 1.988E+03 2.193E+03 1.035E−01 1.695E+03 1.777E+03 4.815E−02 7.948E+00 3.000E+02 2.370E+04 1.323E+01 7.559E−02 2.303E+03 2.590E+03 1.244E−01 1.870E+03 1.984E+03 6.094E−02 1.029E+01 4.000E+02 3.160E+04 1.380E+01 7.245E−02 2.561E+03 2.909E+03 1.359E−01 2.020E+03 2.164E+03 7.166E−02 1.231E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

4.000E+02 3.160E+04 1.380E+01 7.245E−02 2.561E+03 2.909E+03 1.359E−01 2.020E+03 2.164E+03 7.166E−02 1.231E+01 5.000E+02 3.950E+04 1.426E+01 7.012E−02 2.785E+03 3.182E+03 1.424E−01 2.153E+03 2.325E+03 7.995E−02 1.418E+01 6.000E+02 4.740E+04 1.463E+01 6.837E−02 2.979E+03 3.412E+03 1.457E−01 2.269E+03 2.464E+03 8.582E−02 1.591E+01 7.000E+02 5.530E+04 1.492E+01 6.700E−02 3.150E+03 3.612E+03 1.467E−01 2.373E+03 2.586E+03 8.972E−02 1.755E+01 8.000E+02 6.320E+04 1.517E+01 6.592E−02 3.303E+03 3.787E+03 1.464E−01 2.466E+03 2.693E+03 9.202E−02 1.913E+01 9.000E+02 7.110E+04 1.537E+01 6.505E−02 3.441E+03 3.940E+03 1.449E−01 2.549E+03 2.787E+03 9.304E−02 2.066E+01 1.000E+03 7.900E+04 1.554E+01 6.436E−02 3.565E+03 4.074E+03 1.428E−01 2.624E+03 2.868E+03 9.304E−02 2.216E+01 1.500E+03 1.185E+05 1.597E+01 6.261E−02 4.034E+03 4.541E+03 1.256E−01 2.887E+03 3.128E+03 8.353E−02 2.937E+01 2.000E+03 1.580E+05 1.599E+01 6.254E−02 4.324E+03 4.784E+03 1.063E−01 3.017E+03 3.226E+03 6.915E−02 3.654E+01 3.000E+03 2.370E+05 1.553E+01 6.439E−02 4.623E+03 4.977E+03 7.669E−02 3.072E+03 3.222E+03 4.883E−02 5.128E+01 4.000E+03 3.160E+05 1.487E+01 6.727E−02 4.731E+03 5.005E+03 5.778E−02 3.003E+03 3.126E+03 4.101E−02 6.681E+01 5.000E+03 3.950E+05 1.416E+01 7.062E−02 4.745E+03 4.965E+03 4.632E−02 2.916E+03 3.029E+03 3.871E−02 8.327E+01 6.000E+03 4.740E+05 1.348E+01 7.418E−02 4.709E+03 4.893E+03 3.920E−02 2.829E+03 2.938E+03 3.849E−02 1.007E+02 7.000E+03 5.530E+05 1.284E+01 7.787E−02 4.645E+03 4.808E+03 3.512E−02 2.745E+03 2.854E+03 3.973E−02 1.191E+02 8.000E+03 6.320E+05 1.225E+01 8.162E−02 4.565E+03 4.716E+03 3.315E−02 2.664E+03 2.776E+03 4.196E−02 1.385E+02 9.000E+03 7.110E+05 1.171E+01 8.543E−02 4.476E+03 4.623E+03 3.269E−02 2.587E+03 2.703E+03 4.487E−02 1.589E+02 1.000E+04 7.900E+05 1.120E+01 8.927E−02 4.384E+03 4.530E+03 3.335E−02 2.513E+03 2.634E+03 4.828E−02 1.803E+02 1.500E+04 1.185E+06 9.199E+00 1.087E−01 3.927E+03 4.106E+03 4.578E−02 2.198E+03 2.350E+03 6.883E−02 3.019E+02 2.000E+04 1.580E+06 7.792E+00 1.283E−01 3.531E+03 3.759E+03 6.456E−02 1.955E+03 2.133E+03 9.089E−02 4.478E+02 3.000E+04 2.370E+06 5.957E+00 1.679E−01 2.928E+03 3.237E+03 1.057E−01 1.609E+03 1.822E+03 1.326E−01 8.101E+02 4.000E+04 3.160E+06 4.811E+00 2.078E−01 2.500E+03 2.863E+03 1.454E−01 1.373E+03 1.606E+03 1.693E−01 1.265E+03 5.000E+04 3.950E+06 4.057E+00 2.465E−01 2.198E+03 2.588E+03 1.771E−01 1.205E+03 1.448E+03 2.011E−01 1.798E+03 6.000E+04 4.740E+06 3.514E+00 2.846E−01 1.969E+03 2.372E+03 2.050E−01 1.077E+03 1.325E+03 2.295E−01 2.409E+03 7.000E+04 5.530E+06 3.103E+00 3.223E−01 1.788E+03 2.198E+03 2.295E−01 9.765E+02 1.225E+03 2.549E−01 3.096E+03 8.000E+04 6.320E+06 2.782E+00 3.594E−01 1.641E+03 2.054E+03 2.513E−01 8.948E+02 1.143E+03 2.778E−01 3.854E+03 9.000E+04 7.110E+06 2.524E+00 3.961E−01 1.520E+03 1.932E+03 2.706E−01 8.273E+02 1.074E+03 2.986E−01 4.681E+03 1.000E+05 7.900E+06 2.313E+00 4.323E−01 1.419E+03 1.827E+03 2.880E−01 7.706E+02 1.015E+03 3.175E−01 5.574E+03 1.500E+05 1.185E+07 1.651E+00 6.056E−01 1.084E+03 1.465E+03 3.511E−01 5.838E+02 8.113E+02 3.897E−01 1.094E+04 2.000E+05 1.580E+07 1.306E+00 7.658E−01 8.985E+02 1.248E+03 3.884E−01 4.798E+02 6.890E+02 4.360E−01 1.760E+04 3.000E+05 2.370E+07 9.509E−01 1.052E+00 6.975E+02 9.930E+02 4.235E−01 3.676E+02 5.460E+02 4.855E−01 3.400E+04 4.000E+05 3.160E+07 7.700E−01 1.299E+00 5.903E+02 8.459E+02 4.329E−01 3.080E+02 4.633E+02 5.041E−01 5.357E+04 5.000E+05 3.950E+07 6.602E−01 1.515E+00 5.234E+02 7.488E+02 4.306E−01 2.711E+02 4.085E+02 5.070E−01 7.551E+04 6.000E+05 4.740E+07 5.863E−01 1.706E+00 4.776E+02 6.794E+02 4.224E−01 2.460E+02 3.693E+02 5.012E−01 9.930E+04 7.000E+05 5.530E+07 5.330E−01 1.876E+00 4.443E+02 6.271E+02 4.115E−01 2.279E+02 3.397E+02 4.908E−01 1.245E+05 8.000E+05 6.320E+07 4.928E−01 2.029E+00 4.189E+02 5.861E+02 3.992E−01 2.142E+02 3.165E+02 4.777E−01 1.510E+05 9.000E+05 7.110E+07 4.613E−01 2.168E+00 3.989E+02 5.531E+02 3.865E−01 2.035E+02 2.977E+02 4.631E−01 1.783E+05 1.000E+06 7.900E+07 4.359E−01 2.294E+00 3.828E+02 5.258E+02 3.738E−01 1.949E+02 2.823E+02 4.480E−01 2.065E+05

BROMINE-81 IONS: A=81 Z=35 (a) Instantaneous Data

∆M=−77.97660 MeV Mc2=7.5373E+04 MeV

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

1.000E−01 8.100E+00 2.149E−07 0.000E+00 1.527E−01 6.549E+00 6.273E+02 6.273E+02 2.172E−02 3.133E+02 1.500E−01 1.215E+01 3.224E−07 0.000E+00 2.168E−01 4.613E+00 6.981E+02 6.981E+02 2.774E−02 2.699E+02 2.000E−01 1.620E+01 4.299E−07 0.000E+00 2.906E−01 3.441E+00 7.566E+02 7.566E+02 3.325E−02 2.433E+02 3.000E−01 2.430E+01 6.448E−07 0.000E+00 4.101E−01 2.439E+00 8.228E+02 8.228E+02 4.338E−02 2.108E+02 4.000E−01 3.240E+01 8.597E−07 0.000E+00 5.466E−01 1.830E+00 8.741E+02 8.741E+02 5.284E−02 1.909E+02 5.000E−01 4.050E+01 1.075E−06 0.000E+00 6.701E−01 1.492E+00 9.074E+02 9.074E+02 6.189E−02 1.770E+02 6.000E−01 4.860E+01 1.290E−06 0.000E+00 7.652E−01 1.307E+00 9.275E+02 9.275E+02 7.066E−02 1.666E+02 7.000E−01 5.670E+01 1.505E−06 0.000E+00 9.074E−01 1.102E+00 9.511E+02 9.511E+02 7.924E−02 1.584E+02 8.000E−01 6.480E+01 1.719E−06 0.000E+00 1.012E+00 9.879E−01 9.648E+02 9.648E+02 8.767E−02 1.517E+02

1.462E+02 1.000E+00 8.100E+01 2.149E−06 0.000E+00 1.233E+00 8.107E−01 9.867E+02 9.867E+02 1.042E−01 1.414E+02 1.500E+00 1.215E+02 3.224E−06 0.000E+00 1.702E+00 5.877E−01 1.014E+03 1.014E+03 1.445E−01 1.248E+02 2.000E+00 1.620E+02 4.299E−06 0.000E+00 2.218E+00 4.509E−01 1.028E+03 1.028E+03 1.841E−01 1.147E+02 3.000E+00 2.430E+02 6.448E−06 0.000E+00 3.008E+00 3.324E−01 1.039E+03 1.039E+03 2.623E−01 1.024E+02 4.000E+00 3.240E+02 8.597E−06 0.000E+00 3.853E+00 2.595E−01 1.047E+03 1.047E+03 3.399E−01 9.477E+01 5.000E+00 4.050E+02 1.075E−05 0.000E+00 4.570E+00 2.188E−01 1.054E+03 1.054E+03 4.170E−01 8.949E+01 6.000E+00 4.860E+02 1.290E−05 0.000E+00 5.093E+00 1.964E−01 1.061E+03 1.061E+03 4.935E−01 8.553E+01 7.000E+00 5.670E+02 1.504E−05 0.000E+00 5.830E+00 1.715E−01 1.073E+03 1.073E+03 5.693E−01 8.241E+01 8.000E+00 6.480E+02 1.719E−05 0.000E+00 6.343E+00 1.576E−01 1.083E+03 1.083E+03 6.444E−01 7.986E+01 9.000E+00 7.290E+02 1.934E−05 0.000E+00 6.847E+00 1.460E−01 1.096E+03 1.096E+03 7.185E−01 7.773E+01 1.000E+01 8.100E+02 2.149E−05 0.000E+00 7.344E+00 1.362E−01 1.109E+03 1.109E+03 7.918E−01 7.592E+01 1.500E+01 1.215E+03 3.224E−05 0.000E+00 9.133E+00 1.095E−01 1.176E+03 1.176E+03 1.145E+00 6.962E+01 2.000E+01 1.620E+03 4.298E−05 0.000E+00 1.067E+01 9.374E−02 1.261E+03 1.261E+03 1.475E+00 6.576E+01 3.000E+01 2.430E+03 6.448E−05 0.000E+00 1.231E+01 8.121E−02 1.403E+03 1.403E+03 2.077E+00 6.106E+01 4.000E+01 3.240E+03 8.597E−05 0.000E+00 1.337E+01 7.478E−02 1.563E+03 1.563E+03 2.618E+00 5.817E+01 5.000E+01 4.050E+03 1.075E−04 0.000E+00 1.386E+01 7.215E−02 1.702E+03 1.659E+03 3.111E+00 5.616E+01 6.000E+01 4.860E+03 1.289E−04 0.000E+00 1.404E+01 7.123E−02 1.805E+03 1.683E+03 3.567E+00 5.465E+01 7.000E+01 5.670E+03 1.504E−04 0.000E+00 1.410E+01 7.093E−02 1.954E+03 1.727E+03 3.993E+00 5.347E+01 8.000E+01 6.480E+03 1.719E−04 0.000E+00 1.403E+01 7.125E−02 2.058E+03 1.765E+03 4.394E+00 5.250E+01 9.000E+01 7.290E+03 1.934E−04 0.000E+00 1.391E+01 7.192E−02 2.163E+03 1.807E+03 4.775E+00 5.169E+01 1.000E+02 8.100E+03 2.149E−04 0.000E+00 1.372E+01 7.287E−02 2.269E+03 1.853E+03 5.138E+00 5.099E+01 1.500E+02 1.215E+04 3.223E−04 0.000E+00 1.415E+01 7.065E−02 2.673E+03 2.055E+03 6.754E+00 4.860E+01 2.000E+02 1.620E+04 4.297E−04 0.000E+00 1.515E+01 6.603E−02 3.067E+03 2.278E+03 8.147E+00 4.713E+01 3.000E+02 2.430E+04 6.445E−04 0.000E+00 1.623E+01 6.160E−02 3.589E+03 2.598E+03 1.055E+01 4.534E+01 4.000E+02 3.240E+04 8.592E−04 0.000E+00 1.702E+01 5.876E−02 4.063E+03 2.902E+03 1.262E+01 4.424E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

4.000E+02 3.240E+04 8.592E−04 0.000E+00 1.702E+01 5.876E−02 4.063E+03 2.902E+03 1.262E+01 4.424E+01 5.000E+02 4.050E+04 1.074E−03 0.000E+00 1.746E+01 5.726E−02 4.410E+03 3.126E+03 1.454E+01 4.347E+01 6.000E+02 4.860E+04 1.288E−03 0.000E+00 1.768E+01 5.655E−02 4.633E+03 3.269E+03 1.631E+01 4.290E+01 7.000E+02 5.670E+04 1.503E−03 0.000E+00 1.787E+01 5.597E−02 4.909E+03 3.441E+03 1.800E+01 4.245E+01 8.000E+02 6.480E+04 1.717E−03 0.000E+00 1.791E+01 5.585E−02 5.074E+03 3.539E+03 1.961E+01 4.208E+01 9.000E+02 7.290E+04 1.932E−03 0.000E+00 1.788E+01 5.593E−02 5.213E+03 3.616E+03 2.118E+01 4.177E+01 1.000E+03 8.100E+04 2.146E−03 0.000E+00 1.778E+01 5.623E−02 5.328E+03 3.671E+03 2.271E+01 4.151E+01 1.500E+03 1.215E+05 3.216E−03 0.000E+00 1.685E+01 5.936E−02 5.527E+03 3.668E+03 3.011E+01 4.059E+01 2.000E+03 1.620E+05 4.285E−03 8.014E+04 1.550E+01 6.452E−02 5.481E+03 3.451E+03 3.746E+01 4.004E+01 3.000E+03 2.430E+05 6.417E−03 7.024E+04 1.366E+01 7.323E−02 5.263E+03 3.030E+03 5.257E+01 3.935E+01 4.000E+03 3.240E+05 8.542E−03 6.165E+04 1.198E+01 8.345E−02 4.954E+03 2.649E+03 6.850E+01 3.893E+01 5.000E+03 4.050E+05 1.066E−02 5.552E+04 1.077E+01 9.288E−02 4.674E+03 2.492E+03 8.537E+01 3.864E+01 6.000E+03 4.860E+05 1.277E−02 5.156E+04 9.975E+00 1.003E−01 4.468E+03 2.379E+03 1.032E+02 3.842E+01 7.000E+03 5.670E+05 1.488E−02 4.657E+04 8.973E+00 1.114E−01 4.182E+03 2.224E+03 1.221E+02 3.825E+01 8.000E+03 6.480E+05 1.698E−02 4.345E+04 8.343E+00 1.199E−01 3.987E+03 2.120E+03 1.420E+02 3.811E+01 9.000E+03 7.290E+05 1.907E−02 4.061E+04 7.770E+00 1.287E−01 3.801E+03 2.021E+03 1.629E+02 3.799E+01 1.000E+04 8.100E+05 2.115E−02 3.800E+04 7.245E+00 1.380E−01 3.622E+03 1.927E+03 1.848E+02 3.789E+01 1.500E+04 1.215E+06 3.148E−02 2.985E+04 5.604E+00 1.784E−01 3.010E+03 1.607E+03 3.096E+02 3.755E+01 2.000E+04 1.620E+06 4.164E−02 2.393E+04 4.419E+00 2.263E−01 2.514E+03 1.351E+03 4.591E+02 3.733E+01 3.000E+04 2.430E+06 6.149E−02 1.809E+04 3.257E+00 3.070E−01 1.980E+03 1.077E+03 8.307E+02 3.707E+01 4.000E+04 3.240E+06 8.073E−02 1.410E+04 2.472E+00 4.045E−01 1.585E+03 8.762E+02 1.297E+03 3.692E+01 5.000E+04 4.050E+06 9.939E−02 1.173E+04 2.078E+00 4.813E−01 1.382E+03 7.500E+02 1.844E+03 3.680E+01

3.672E+01 7.000E+04 5.670E+06 1.350E−01 9.267E+03 1.633E+00 6.124E−01 1.136E+03 6.134E+02 3.174E+03 3.666E+01 8.000E+04 6.480E+06 1.521E−01 7.954E+03 1.399E+00 7.149E−01 1.001E+03 5.377E+02 3.952E+03 3.660E+01 9.000E+04 7.290E+06 1.686E−01 7.214E+03 1.268E+00 7.889E−01 9.233E+02 4.942E+02 4.800E+03 3.656E+01 1.000E+05 8.100E+06 1.847E−01 6.580E+03 1.156E+00 8.654E−01 8.558E+02 4.563E+02 5.715E+03 3.652E+01 1.500E+05 1.215E+07 2.584E−01 4.847E+03 8.509E−01 1.175E+00 6.661E+02 3.498E+02 1.121E+04 3.639E+01 2.000E+05 1.620E+07 3.225E−01 3.801E+03 6.674E−01 1.498E+00 5.469E+02 2.832E+02 1.804E+04 3.631E+01 3.000E+05 2.430E+07 4.282E−01 2.922E+03 5.123E−01 1.952E+00 4.428E+02 2.257E+02 3.486E+04 3.621E+01 4.000E+05 3.240E+07 5.109E−01 2.402E+03 4.196E−01 2.383E+00 3.792E+02 1.911E+02 5.493E+04 3.615E+01 5.000E+05 4.050E+07 5.769E−01 2.187E+03 3.808E−01 2.626E+00 3.524E+02 1.769E+02 7.743E+04 3.610E+01 6.000E+05 4.860E+07 6.304E−01 1.973E+03 3.415E−01 2.928E+00 3.253E+02 1.627E+02 1.018E+05 3.607E+01 7.000E+05 5.670E+07 6.743E−01 1.857E+03 3.199E−01 3.126E+00 3.105E+02 1.552E+02 1.277E+05 3.605E+01 8.000E+05 6.480E+07 7.109E−01 1.725E+03 2.949E−01 3.391E+00 2.937E+02 1.469E+02 1.548E+05 3.603E+01 9.000E+05 7.290E+07 7.416E−01 1.654E+03 2.811E−01 3.557E+00 2.846E+02 1.426E+02 1.828E+05 3.601E+01 1.000E+06 8.100E+07 7.677E−01 1.625E+03 2.754E−01 3.631E+00 2.809E+02 1.409E+02 2.117E+05 3.600E+01

(b) Equilibrium Values

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

1.000E−01 8.100E+00 6.126E−02 1.632E+01 3.940E+02 4.685E+02 1.890E−01 3.940E+02 4.685E+02 1.890E−01 2.172E−02 1.500E−01 1.215E+01 9.092E−02 1.100E+01 4.573E+02 5.368E+02 1.739E−01 4.573E+02 5.368E+02 1.739E−01 2.774E−02 2.000E−01 1.620E+01 1.204E−01 8.304E+00 5.052E+02 5.867E+02 1.615E−01 5.052E+02 5.867E+02 1.615E−01 3.325E−02 3.000E−01 2.430E+01 1.790E−01 5.588E+00 5.759E+02 6.578E+02 1.422E−01 5.759E+02 6.578E+02 1.422E−01 4.338E−02 4.000E−01 3.240E+01 2.369E−01 4.221E+00 6.273E+02 7.075E+02 1.279E−01 6.273E+02 7.075E+02 1.279E−01 5.284E−02 5.000E−01 4.050E+01 2.942E−01 3.399E+00 6.672E+02 7.450E+02 1.166E−01 6.672E+02 7.450E+02 1.166E−01 6.189E−02 6.000E−01 4.860E+01 3.509E−01 2.850E+00 6.996E+02 7.747E+02 1.075E−01 6.996E+02 7.747E+02 1.075E−01 7.066E−02 7.000E−01 5.670E+01 4.071E−01 2.456E+00 7.265E+02 7.990E+02 9.978E−02 7.265E+02 7.990E+02 9.978E−02 7.924E−02 8.000E−01 6.480E+01 4.628E−01 2.161E+00 7.493E+02 8.192E+02 9.324E−02 7.493E+02 8.192E+02 9.324E−02 8.767E−02 9.000E−01 7.290E+01 5.180E−01 1.931E+00 7.690E+02 8.363E+02 8.756E−02 7.690E+02 8.363E+02 8.756E−02 9.599E−02 1.000E+00 8.100E+01 5.726E−01 1.746E+00 7.862E+02 8.511E+02 8.258E−02 7.862E+02 8.511E+02 8.258E−02 1.042E−01 1.500E+00 1.215E+02 8.388E−01 1.192E+00 8.476E+02 9.023E+02 6.449E−02 8.476E+02 9.023E+02 6.449E−02 1.445E−01 2.000E+00 1.620E+02 1.094E+00 9.140E−01 8.857E+02 9.326E+02 5.298E−02 8.857E+02 9.326E+02 5.298E−02 1.841E−01 3.000E+00 2.430E+02 1.576E+00 6.345E−01 9.305E+02 9.669E+02 3.905E−02 9.305E+02 9.669E+02 3.905E−02 2.623E−01 4.000E+00 3.240E+02 2.024E+00 4.941E−01 9.565E+02 9.861E+02 3.097E−02 9.565E+02 9.861E+02 3.097E−02 3.399E−01 5.000E+00 4.050E+02 2.442E+00 4.096E−01 9.739E+02 9.990E+02 2.574E−02 9.739E+02 9.990E+02 2.574E−02 4.170E−01 6.000E+00 4.860E+02 2.833E+00 3.530E−01 9.871E+02 1.009E+03 2.214E−02 9.871E+02 1.009E+03 2.214E−02 4.935E−01 7.000E+00 5.670E+02 3.200E+00 3.125E−01 9.980E+02 1.017E+03 1.954E−02 9.980E+02 1.017E+03 1.954E−02 5.693E−01 8.000E+00 6.480E+02 3.545E+00 2.821E−01 1.007E+03 1.025E+03 1.761E−02 1.007E+03 1.025E+03 1.761E−02 6.444E−01 9.000E+00 7.290E+02 3.871E+00 2.583E−01 1.016E+03 1.033E+03 1.615E−02 1.016E+03 1.033E+03 1.615E−02 7.185E−01 1.000E+01 8.100E+02 4.178E+00 2.393E−01 1.024E+03 1.040E+03 1.505E−02 1.024E+03 1.040E+03 1.505E−02 7.918E−01 1.500E+01 1.215E+03 5.493E+00 1.821E−01 1.062E+03 1.076E+03 1.268E−02 1.062E+03 1.076E+03 1.268E−02 1.145E+00 2.000E+01 1.620E+03 6.523E+00 1.533E−01 1.099E+03 1.114E+03 1.312E−02 1.099E+03 1.114E+03 1.312E−02 1.475E+00 3.000E+01 2.430E+03 8.025E+00 1.246E−01 1.170E+03 1.191E+03 1.766E−02 1.170E+03 1.191E+03 1.766E−02 2.077E+00 4.000E+01 3.240E+03 9.053E+00 1.105E−01 1.238E+03 1.268E+03 2.422E−02 1.238E+03 1.268E+03 2.422E−02 2.618E+00 5.000E+01 4.050E+03 9.787E+00 1.022E−01 1.302E+03 1.343E+03 3.137E−02 1.301E+03 1.341E+03 3.089E−02 3.111E+00 6.000E+01 4.860E+03 1.033E+01 9.685E−02 1.363E+03 1.415E+03 3.852E−02 1.349E+03 1.394E+03 3.367E−02 3.567E+00 7.000E+01 5.670E+03 1.073E+01 9.321E−02 1.420E+03 1.484E+03 4.538E−02 1.387E+03 1.436E+03 3.489E−02 3.993E+00 8.000E+01 6.480E+03 1.103E+01 9.064E−02 1.475E+03 1.551E+03 5.190E−02 1.420E+03 1.471E+03 3.567E−02 4.394E+00 9.000E+01 7.290E+03 1.127E+01 8.876E−02 1.527E+03 1.615E+03 5.798E−02 1.450E+03 1.503E+03 3.632E−02 4.775E+00 1.000E+02 8.100E+03 1.144E+01 8.738E−02 1.576E+03 1.677E+03 6.368E−02 1.477E+03 1.532E+03 3.702E−02 5.138E+00 1.500E+02 1.215E+04 1.200E+01 8.334E−02 1.799E+03 1.955E+03 8.685E−02 1.595E+03 1.662E+03 4.181E−02 6.754E+00 2.000E+02 1.620E+04 1.247E+01 8.019E−02 1.988E+03 2.194E+03 1.033E−01 1.696E+03 1.777E+03 4.800E−02 8.147E+00 3.000E+02 2.430E+04 1.323E+01 7.559E−02 2.304E+03 2.590E+03 1.242E−01 1.871E+03 1.985E+03 6.080E−02 1.055E+01 4.000E+02 3.240E+04 1.380E+01 7.245E−02 2.561E+03 2.909E+03 1.358E−01 2.020E+03 2.165E+03 7.154E−02 1.262E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

4.000E+02 3.240E+04 1.380E+01 7.245E−02 2.561E+03 2.909E+03 1.358E−01 2.020E+03 2.165E+03 7.154E−02 1.262E+01 5.000E+02 4.050E+04 1.426E+01 7.012E−02 2.785E+03 3.182E+03 1.423E−01 2.153E+03 2.325E+03 7.983E−02 1.454E+01 6.000E+02 4.860E+04 1.463E+01 6.837E−02 2.979E+03 3.413E+03 1.455E−01 2.270E+03 2.464E+03 8.570E−02 1.631E+01 7.000E+02 5.670E+04 1.492E+01 6.700E−02 3.150E+03 3.612E+03 1.466E−01 2.374E+03 2.586E+03 8.960E−02 1.800E+01 8.000E+02 6.480E+04 1.517E+01 6.592E−02 3.303E+03 3.787E+03 1.463E−01 2.467E+03 2.693E+03 9.192E−02 1.961E+01 9.000E+02 7.290E+04 1.537E+01 6.505E−02 3.441E+03 3.940E+03 1.448E−01 2.550E+03 2.787E+03 9.294E−02 2.118E+01 1.000E+03 8.100E+04 1.554E+01 6.436E−02 3.566E+03 4.074E+03 1.427E−01 2.624E+03 2.868E+03 9.294E−02 2.271E+01 1.500E+03 1.215E+05 1.597E+01 6.261E−02 4.035E+03 4.541E+03 1.256E−01 2.887E+03 3.128E+03 8.345E−02 3.011E+01 2.000E+03 1.620E+05 1.599E+01 6.255E−02 4.324E+03 4.784E+03 1.063E−01 3.017E+03 3.226E+03 6.908E−02 3.746E+01 3.000E+03 2.430E+05 1.553E+01 6.439E−02 4.623E+03 4.977E+03 7.665E−02 3.072E+03 3.222E+03 4.880E−02 5.257E+01 4.000E+03 3.240E+05 1.486E+01 6.728E−02 4.731E+03 5.005E+03 5.795E−02 3.003E+03 3.126E+03 4.123E−02 6.850E+01 5.000E+03 4.050E+05 1.416E+01 7.062E−02 4.745E+03 4.965E+03 4.630E−02 2.916E+03 3.029E+03 3.871E−02 8.537E+01 6.000E+03 4.860E+05 1.348E+01 7.418E−02 4.709E+03 4.893E+03 3.919E−02 2.829E+03 2.938E+03 3.849E−02 1.032E+02 7.000E+03 5.670E+05 1.284E+01 7.787E−02 4.645E+03 4.808E+03 3.510E−02 2.745E+03 2.854E+03 3.972E−02 1.221E+02 8.000E+03 6.480E+05 1.225E+01 8.162E−02 4.565E+03 4.716E+03 3.314E−02 2.664E+03 2.776E+03 4.195E−02 1.420E+02 9.000E+03 7.290E+05 1.171E+01 8.543E−02 4.476E+03 4.623E+03 3.269E−02 2.587E+03 2.703E+03 4.487E−02 1.629E+02 1.000E+04 8.100E+05 1.120E+01 8.927E−02 4.384E+03 4.530E+03 3.334E−02 2.513E+03 2.634E+03 4.827E−02 1.848E+02 1.500E+04 1.215E+06 9.199E+00 1.087E−01 3.927E+03 4.106E+03 4.578E−02 2.198E+03 2.349E+03 6.882E−02 3.096E+02 2.000E+04 1.620E+06 7.792E+00 1.283E−01 3.531E+03 3.759E+03 6.455E−02 1.955E+03 2.133E+03 9.086E−02 4.591E+02 3.000E+04 2.430E+06 5.956E+00 1.679E−01 2.928E+03 3.237E+03 1.057E−01 1.609E+03 1.822E+03 1.326E−01 8.307E+02 4.000E+04 3.240E+06 4.811E+00 2.078E−01 2.500E+03 2.863E+03 1.454E−01 1.373E+03 1.606E+03 1.693E−01 1.297E+03 5.000E+04 4.050E+06 4.059E+00 2.464E−01 2.199E+03 2.588E+03 1.768E−01 1.205E+03 1.448E+03 2.010E−01 1.844E+03 6.000E+04 4.860E+06 3.515E+00 2.845E−01 1.969E+03 2.372E+03 2.047E−01 1.077E+03 1.324E+03 2.294E−01 2.470E+03 7.000E+04 5.670E+06 3.104E+00 3.222E−01 1.788E+03 2.198E+03 2.293E−01 9.765E+02 1.225E+03 2.548E−01 3.174E+03 8.000E+04 6.480E+06 2.783E+00 3.594E−01 1.642E+03 2.054E+03 2.511E−01 8.948E+02 1.143E+03 2.778E−01 3.952E+03 9.000E+04 7.290E+06 2.525E+00 3.961E−01 1.520E+03 1.932E+03 2.706E−01 8.273E+02 1.074E+03 2.986E−01 4.800E+03 1.000E+05 8.100E+06 2.313E+00 4.323E−01 1.419E+03 1.827E+03 2.879E−01 7.706E+02 1.015E+03 3.175E−01 5.715E+03 1.500E+05 1.215E+07 1.652E+00 6.055E−01 1.085E+03 1.465E+03 3.511E−01 5.838E+02 8.113E+02 3.897E−01 1.121E+04 2.000E+05 1.620E+07 1.306E+00 7.658E−01 8.986E+02 1.248E+03 3.884E−01 4.798E+02 6.890E+02 4.360E−01 1.804E+04 3.000E+05 2.430E+07 9.509E−01 1.052E+00 6.976E+02 9.931E+02 4.236E−01 3.676E+02 5.460E+02 4.855E−01 3.486E+04 4.000E+05 3.240E+07 7.700E−01 1.299E+00 5.903E+02 8.460E+02 4.330E−01 3.080E+02 4.633E+02 5.040E−01 5.493E+04 5.000E+05 4.050E+07 6.602E−01 1.515E+00 5.235E+02 7.489E+02 4.307E−01 2.711E+02 4.085E+02 5.069E−01 7.743E+04 6.000E+05 4.860E+07 5.863E−01 1.706E+00 4.776E+02 6.795E+02 4.226E−01 2.460E+02 3.693E+02 5.012E−01 1.018E+05 7.000E+05 5.670E+07 5.331E−01 1.876E+00 4.443E+02 6.272E+02 4.116E−01 2.279E+02 3.397E+02 4.907E−01 1.277E+05 8.000E+05 6.480E+07 4.929E−01 2.029E+00 4.189E+02 5.862E+02 3.992E−01 2.142E+02 3.165E+02 4.775E−01 1.548E+05 9.000E+05 7.290E+07 4.613E−01 2.168E+00 3.989E+02 5.531E+02 3.866E−01 2.035E+02 2.977E+02 4.632E−01 1.828E+05 1.000E+06 8.100E+07 4.359E−01 2.294E+00 3.828E+02 5.259E+02 3.738E−01 1.949E+02 2.823E+02 4.480E−01 2.117E+05

KRYPTON-84 IONS: A=84 Z=36 (a) Instantaneous Data

∆M=−82.43190 MeV Mc2=7.8163E+04 MeV

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

1.000E−01 8.400E+00 2.149E−07 0.000E+00 1.498E−01 6.676E+00 6.368E+02 6.368E+02 2.212E−02 3.186E+02 1.500E−01 1.260E+01 3.224E−07 0.000E+00 2.245E−01 4.455E+00 7.208E+02 7.208E+02 2.824E−02 2.744E+02 2.000E−01 1.680E+01 4.299E−07 0.000E+00 2.853E−01 3.505E+00 7.702E+02 7.702E+02 3.382E−02 2.473E+02 3.000E−01 2.520E+01 6.448E−07 0.000E+00 4.246E−01 2.355E+00 8.490E+02 8.490E+02 4.410E−02 2.142E+02 4.000E−01 3.360E+01 8.597E−07 0.000E+00 5.372E−01 1.862E+00 8.924E+02 8.924E+02 5.367E−02 1.939E+02 5.000E−01 4.200E+01 1.075E−06 0.000E+00 6.589E−01 1.518E+00 9.274E+02 9.274E+02 6.283E−02 1.798E+02 6.000E−01 5.040E+01 1.290E−06 0.000E+00 7.922E−01 1.262E+00 9.563E+02 9.563E+02 7.171E−02 1.692E+02 7.000E−01 5.880E+01 1.505E−06 0.000E+00 8.927E−01 1.120E+00 9.734E+02 9.734E+02 8.038E−02 1.608E+02 8.000E−01 6.720E+01 1.719E−06 0.000E+00 9.961E−01 1.004E+00 9.881E+02 9.881E+02 8.890E−02 1.540E+02

1.483E+02 1.000E+00 8.400E+01 2.149E−06 0.000E+00 1.214E+00 8.234E−01 1.011E+03 1.011E+03 1.056E−01 1.435E+02 1.500E+00 1.260E+02 3.224E−06 0.000E+00 1.761E+00 5.679E−01 1.044E+03 1.044E+03 1.463E−01 1.266E+02 2.000E+00 1.680E+02 4.299E−06 0.000E+00 2.188E+00 4.571E−01 1.057E+03 1.057E+03 1.862E−01 1.163E+02 3.000E+00 2.520E+02 6.448E−06 0.000E+00 3.111E+00 3.214E−01 1.070E+03 1.070E+03 2.651E−01 1.037E+02 4.000E+00 3.360E+02 8.597E−06 0.000E+00 3.810E+00 2.625E−01 1.076E+03 1.076E+03 3.433E−01 9.598E+01 5.000E+00 4.200E+02 1.075E−05 0.000E+00 4.523E+00 2.211E−01 1.083E+03 1.083E+03 4.210E−01 9.060E+01 6.000E+00 5.040E+02 1.290E−05 0.000E+00 5.258E+00 1.902E−01 1.093E+03 1.093E+03 4.982E−01 8.657E+01 7.000E+00 5.880E+02 1.505E−05 0.000E+00 5.782E+00 1.730E−01 1.101E+03 1.101E+03 5.746E−01 8.339E+01 8.000E+00 6.720E+02 1.719E−05 0.000E+00 6.295E+00 1.589E−01 1.111E+03 1.111E+03 6.503E−01 8.079E+01 9.000E+00 7.560E+02 1.934E−05 0.000E+00 6.800E+00 1.471E−01 1.123E+03 1.123E+03 7.252E−01 7.862E+01 1.000E+01 8.400E+02 2.149E−05 0.000E+00 7.298E+00 1.370E−01 1.136E+03 1.136E+03 7.993E−01 7.677E+01 1.500E+01 1.260E+03 3.224E−05 0.000E+00 9.388E+00 1.065E−01 1.214E+03 1.214E+03 1.156E+00 7.036E+01 2.000E+01 1.680E+03 4.299E−05 0.000E+00 1.066E+01 9.380E−02 1.284E+03 1.284E+03 1.491E+00 6.643E+01 3.000E+01 2.520E+03 6.448E−05 0.000E+00 1.258E+01 7.948E−02 1.451E+03 1.451E+03 2.102E+00 6.163E+01 4.000E+01 3.360E+03 8.597E−05 0.000E+00 1.346E+01 7.429E−02 1.584E+03 1.584E+03 2.651E+00 5.870E+01 5.000E+01 4.200E+03 1.075E−04 0.000E+00 1.399E+01 7.150E−02 1.723E+03 1.689E+03 3.153E+00 5.665E+01 6.000E+01 5.040E+03 1.289E−04 0.000E+00 1.424E+01 7.024E−02 1.869E+03 1.722E+03 3.617E+00 5.511E+01 7.000E+01 5.880E+03 1.504E−04 0.000E+00 1.428E+01 7.004E−02 1.975E+03 1.753E+03 4.050E+00 5.390E+01 8.000E+01 6.720E+03 1.719E−04 0.000E+00 1.423E+01 7.027E−02 2.080E+03 1.789E+03 4.459E+00 5.291E+01 9.000E+01 7.560E+03 1.934E−04 0.000E+00 1.412E+01 7.084E−02 2.186E+03 1.831E+03 4.847E+00 5.209E+01 1.000E+02 8.400E+03 2.149E−04 0.000E+00 1.395E+01 7.170E−02 2.292E+03 1.876E+03 5.216E+00 5.138E+01 1.500E+02 1.260E+04 3.223E−04 0.000E+00 1.449E+01 6.900E−02 2.768E+03 2.113E+03 6.863E+00 4.894E+01 2.000E+02 1.680E+04 4.297E−04 0.000E+00 1.533E+01 6.525E−02 3.098E+03 2.299E+03 8.282E+00 4.744E+01 3.000E+02 2.520E+04 6.445E−04 0.000E+00 1.661E+01 6.019E−02 3.715E+03 2.677E+03 1.073E+01 4.562E+01 4.000E+02 3.360E+04 8.592E−04 0.000E+00 1.728E+01 5.788E−02 4.113E+03 2.932E+03 1.283E+01 4.450E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

4.000E+02 3.360E+04 8.592E−04 0.000E+00 1.728E+01 5.788E−02 4.113E+03 2.932E+03 1.283E+01 4.450E+01 5.000E+02 4.200E+04 1.074E−03 0.000E+00 1.775E+01 5.632E−02 4.469E+03 3.163E+03 1.479E+01 4.372E+01 6.000E+02 5.040E+04 1.288E−03 0.000E+00 1.808E+01 5.532E−02 4.788E+03 3.368E+03 1.659E+01 4.314E+01 7.000E+02 5.880E+04 1.503E−03 0.000E+00 1.821E+01 5.490E−02 4.988E+03 3.493E+03 1.830E+01 4.268E+01 8.000E+02 6.720E+04 1.717E−03 0.000E+00 1.828E+01 5.471E−02 5.161E+03 3.598E+03 1.994E+01 4.230E+01 9.000E+02 7.560E+04 1.932E−03 0.000E+00 1.828E+01 5.472E−02 5.310E+03 3.683E+03 2.153E+01 4.198E+01 1.000E+03 8.400E+04 2.146E−03 0.000E+00 1.821E+01 5.492E−02 5.435E+03 3.747E+03 2.309E+01 4.172E+01 1.500E+03 1.260E+05 3.216E−03 8.942E+04 1.714E+01 5.834E−02 5.682E+03 3.754E+03 3.057E+01 4.079E+01 2.000E+03 1.680E+05 4.285E−03 8.299E+04 1.604E+01 6.236E−02 5.650E+03 3.579E+03 3.797E+01 4.022E+01 3.000E+03 2.520E+05 6.417E−03 7.145E+04 1.389E+01 7.201E−02 5.403E+03 3.093E+03 5.316E+01 3.952E+01 4.000E+03 3.360E+05 8.542E−03 6.432E+04 1.250E+01 8.001E−02 5.149E+03 2.754E+03 6.914E+01 3.910E+01 5.000E+03 4.200E+05 1.066E−02 5.807E+04 1.126E+01 8.881E−02 4.871E+03 2.597E+03 8.602E+01 3.880E+01 6.000E+03 5.040E+05 1.277E−02 5.247E+04 1.014E+01 9.862E−02 4.581E+03 2.438E+03 1.039E+02 3.858E+01 7.000E+03 5.880E+05 1.488E−02 4.890E+04 9.423E+00 1.061E−01 4.377E+03 2.328E+03 1.227E+02 3.840E+01 8.000E+03 6.720E+05 1.698E−02 4.568E+04 8.775E+00 1.140E−01 4.180E+03 2.222E+03 1.425E+02 3.826E+01 9.000E+03 7.560E+05 1.907E−02 4.275E+04 8.183E+00 1.222E−01 3.990E+03 2.121E+03 1.634E+02 3.814E+01 1.000E+04 8.400E+05 2.115E−02 4.006E+04 7.640E+00 1.309E−01 3.807E+03 2.025E+03 1.852E+02 3.804E+01 1.500E+04 1.260E+06 3.148E−02 3.159E+04 5.934E+00 1.685E−01 3.177E+03 1.696E+03 3.090E+02 3.768E+01 2.000E+04 1.680E+06 4.164E−02 2.540E+04 4.694E+00 2.130E−01 2.663E+03 1.430E+03 4.571E+02 3.747E+01 3.000E+04 2.520E+06 6.149E−02 1.926E+04 3.473E+00 2.879E−01 2.105E+03 1.144E+03 8.243E+02 3.720E+01 4.000E+04 3.360E+06 8.073E−02 1.506E+04 2.644E+00 3.783E−01 1.690E+03 9.332E+02 1.284E+03 3.704E+01 5.000E+04 4.200E+06 9.939E−02 1.254E+04 2.223E+00 4.499E−01 1.474E+03 8.003E+02 1.823E+03 3.693E+01

3.684E+01 7.000E+04 5.880E+06 1.350E−01 9.462E+03 1.666E+00 6.002E−01 1.166E+03 6.292E+02 3.131E+03 3.677E+01 8.000E+04 6.720E+06 1.521E−01 8.529E+03 1.500E+00 6.668E−01 1.070E+03 5.754E+02 3.894E+03 3.672E+01 9.000E+04 7.560E+06 1.686E−01 7.738E+03 1.360E+00 7.355E−01 9.877E+02 5.290E+02 4.727E+03 3.667E+01 1.000E+05 8.400E+06 1.847E−01 7.059E+03 1.240E+00 8.067E−01 9.157E+02 4.886E+02 5.625E+03 3.664E+01 1.500E+05 1.260E+07 2.584E−01 5.200E+03 9.127E−01 1.096E+00 7.127E+02 3.746E+02 1.102E+04 3.650E+01 2.000E+05 1.680E+07 3.225E−01 4.075E+03 7.154E−01 1.398E+00 5.848E+02 3.031E+02 1.772E+04 3.642E+01 3.000E+05 2.520E+07 4.282E−01 3.128E+03 5.485E−01 1.823E+00 4.730E+02 2.412E+02 3.420E+04 3.632E+01 4.000E+05 3.360E+07 5.109E−01 2.568E+03 4.487E−01 2.229E+00 4.045E+02 2.040E+02 5.387E+04 3.626E+01 5.000E+05 4.200E+07 5.769E−01 2.266E+03 3.942E−01 2.537E+00 3.668E+02 1.840E+02 7.593E+04 3.621E+01 6.000E+05 5.040E+07 6.304E−01 2.105E+03 3.646E−01 2.743E+00 3.464E+02 1.733E+02 9.983E+04 3.618E+01 7.000E+05 5.880E+07 6.743E−01 1.932E+03 3.323E−01 3.010E+00 3.243E+02 1.621E+02 1.252E+05 3.616E+01 8.000E+05 6.720E+07 7.109E−01 1.838E+03 3.144E−01 3.180E+00 3.123E+02 1.562E+02 1.517E+05 3.613E+01 9.000E+05 7.560E+07 7.416E−01 1.761E+03 2.996E−01 3.338E+00 3.025E+02 1.515E+02 1.793E+05 3.612E+01 1.000E+06 8.400E+07 7.677E−01 1.697E+03 2.870E−01 3.484E+00 2.943E+02 1.478E+02 2.075E+05 3.610E+01

(b) Equilibrium Values

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

1.000E−01 8.400E+00 6.094E−02 1.641E+01 4.006E+02 4.775E+02 1.920E−01 4.006E+02 4.775E+02 1.920E−01 2.212E−02 1.500E−01 1.260E+01 9.048E−02 1.105E+01 4.654E+02 5.476E+02 1.767E−01 4.654E+02 5.476E+02 1.767E−01 2.824E−02 2.000E−01 1.680E+01 1.199E−01 8.342E+00 5.145E+02 5.989E+02 1.641E−01 5.145E+02 5.989E+02 1.641E−01 3.382E−02 3.000E−01 2.520E+01 1.782E−01 5.611E+00 5.871E+02 6.720E+02 1.446E−01 5.871E+02 6.720E+02 1.446E−01 4.410E−02 4.000E−01 3.360E+01 2.360E−01 4.238E+00 6.401E+02 7.233E+02 1.301E−01 6.401E+02 7.233E+02 1.301E−01 5.367E−02 5.000E−01 4.200E+01 2.932E−01 3.411E+00 6.812E+02 7.621E+02 1.187E−01 6.812E+02 7.621E+02 1.187E−01 6.283E−02 6.000E−01 5.040E+01 3.498E−01 2.859E+00 7.146E+02 7.929E+02 1.095E−01 7.146E+02 7.929E+02 1.095E−01 7.171E−02 7.000E−01 5.880E+01 4.059E−01 2.464E+00 7.424E+02 8.179E+02 1.017E−01 7.424E+02 8.179E+02 1.017E−01 8.038E−02 8.000E−01 6.720E+01 4.615E−01 2.167E+00 7.661E+02 8.389E+02 9.508E−02 7.661E+02 8.389E+02 9.508E−02 8.890E−02 9.000E−01 7.560E+01 5.165E−01 1.936E+00 7.865E+02 8.567E+02 8.934E−02 7.865E+02 8.567E+02 8.934E−02 9.731E−02 1.000E+00 8.400E+01 5.711E−01 1.751E+00 8.043E+02 8.721E+02 8.429E−02 8.043E+02 8.721E+02 8.429E−02 1.056E−01 1.500E+00 1.260E+02 8.371E−01 1.195E+00 8.682E+02 9.254E+02 6.596E−02 8.682E+02 9.254E+02 6.596E−02 1.463E−01 2.000E+00 1.680E+02 1.093E+00 9.153E−01 9.079E+02 9.572E+02 5.427E−02 9.079E+02 9.572E+02 5.427E−02 1.862E−01 3.000E+00 2.520E+02 1.575E+00 6.349E−01 9.549E+02 9.932E+02 4.008E−02 9.549E+02 9.932E+02 4.008E−02 2.651E−01 4.000E+00 3.360E+02 2.024E+00 4.940E−01 9.821E+02 1.013E+03 3.181E−02 9.821E+02 1.013E+03 3.181E−02 3.433E−01 5.000E+00 4.200E+02 2.444E+00 4.092E−01 1.000E+03 1.027E+03 2.646E−02 1.000E+03 1.027E+03 2.646E−02 4.210E−01 6.000E+00 5.040E+02 2.837E+00 3.525E−01 1.014E+03 1.037E+03 2.275E−02 1.014E+03 1.037E+03 2.275E−02 4.982E−01 7.000E+00 5.880E+02 3.206E+00 3.119E−01 1.025E+03 1.046E+03 2.007E−02 1.025E+03 1.046E+03 2.007E−02 5.746E−01 8.000E+00 6.720E+02 3.554E+00 2.814E−01 1.035E+03 1.054E+03 1.807E−02 1.035E+03 1.054E+03 1.807E−02 6.503E−01 9.000E+00 7.560E+02 3.882E+00 2.576E−01 1.044E+03 1.061E+03 1.656E−02 1.044E+03 1.061E+03 1.656E−02 7.252E−01 1.000E+01 8.400E+02 4.192E+00 2.385E−01 1.052E+03 1.069E+03 1.540E−02 1.052E+03 1.069E+03 1.540E−02 7.993E−01 1.500E+01 1.260E+03 5.520E+00 1.812E−01 1.091E+03 1.105E+03 1.280E−02 1.091E+03 1.105E+03 1.280E−02 1.156E+00 2.000E+01 1.680E+03 6.562E+00 1.524E−01 1.128E+03 1.143E+03 1.306E−02 1.128E+03 1.143E+03 1.306E−02 1.491E+00 3.000E+01 2.520E+03 8.086E+00 1.237E−01 1.199E+03 1.220E+03 1.726E−02 1.199E+03 1.220E+03 1.726E−02 2.102E+00 4.000E+01 3.360E+03 9.132E+00 1.095E−01 1.268E+03 1.298E+03 2.356E−02 1.268E+03 1.298E+03 2.356E−02 2.651E+00 5.000E+01 4.200E+03 9.879E+00 1.012E−01 1.332E+03 1.373E+03 3.049E−02 1.331E+03 1.370E+03 2.987E−02 3.153E+00 6.000E+01 5.040E+03 1.043E+01 9.589E−02 1.394E+03 1.446E+03 3.746E−02 1.379E+03 1.424E+03 3.257E−02 3.617E+00 7.000E+01 5.880E+03 1.084E+01 9.225E−02 1.452E+03 1.516E+03 4.424E−02 1.418E+03 1.466E+03 3.377E−02 4.050E+00 8.000E+01 6.720E+03 1.115E+01 8.966E−02 1.507E+03 1.583E+03 5.063E−02 1.451E+03 1.501E+03 3.449E−02 4.459E+00 9.000E+01 7.560E+03 1.139E+01 8.778E−02 1.560E+03 1.648E+03 5.663E−02 1.481E+03 1.533E+03 3.509E−02 4.847E+00 1.000E+02 8.400E+03 1.158E+01 8.639E−02 1.610E+03 1.710E+03 6.227E−02 1.508E+03 1.562E+03 3.577E−02 5.216E+00 1.500E+02 1.260E+04 1.215E+01 8.231E−02 1.836E+03 1.992E+03 8.530E−02 1.626E+03 1.692E+03 4.042E−02 6.863E+00 2.000E+02 1.680E+04 1.263E+01 7.915E−02 2.028E+03 2.235E+03 1.019E−01 1.728E+03 1.808E+03 4.661E−02 8.282E+00 3.000E+02 2.520E+04 1.342E+01 7.454E−02 2.349E+03 2.638E+03 1.229E−01 1.905E+03 2.018E+03 5.944E−02 1.073E+01 4.000E+02 3.360E+04 1.401E+01 7.140E−02 2.611E+03 2.963E+03 1.348E−01 2.056E+03 2.200E+03 7.033E−02 1.283E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

4.000E+02 3.360E+04 1.401E+01 7.140E−02 2.611E+03 2.963E+03 1.348E−01 2.056E+03 2.200E+03 7.033E−02 1.283E+01 5.000E+02 4.200E+04 1.448E+01 6.906E−02 2.840E+03 3.242E+03 1.415E−01 2.191E+03 2.364E+03 7.886E−02 1.479E+01 6.000E+02 5.040E+04 1.486E+01 6.731E−02 3.037E+03 3.478E+03 1.450E−01 2.310E+03 2.506E+03 8.497E−02 1.659E+01 7.000E+02 5.880E+04 1.517E+01 6.593E−02 3.212E+03 3.683E+03 1.464E−01 2.416E+03 2.631E+03 8.915E−02 1.830E+01 8.000E+02 6.720E+04 1.542E+01 6.484E−02 3.369E+03 3.862E+03 1.462E−01 2.511E+03 2.741E+03 9.171E−02 1.994E+01 9.000E+02 7.560E+04 1.563E+01 6.397E−02 3.510E+03 4.019E+03 1.450E−01 2.596E+03 2.838E+03 9.297E−02 2.153E+01 1.000E+03 8.400E+04 1.581E+01 6.326E−02 3.638E+03 4.158E+03 1.430E−01 2.673E+03 2.922E+03 9.321E−02 2.309E+01 1.500E+03 1.260E+05 1.628E+01 6.142E−02 4.122E+03 4.645E+03 1.268E−01 2.947E+03 3.197E+03 8.463E−02 3.057E+01 2.000E+03 1.680E+05 1.633E+01 6.126E−02 4.424E+03 4.901E+03 1.078E−01 3.086E+03 3.304E+03 7.054E−02 3.797E+01 3.000E+03 2.520E+05 1.590E+01 6.288E−02 4.741E+03 5.112E+03 7.826E−02 3.154E+03 3.312E+03 4.987E−02 5.316E+01 4.000E+03 3.360E+05 1.525E+01 6.557E−02 4.861E+03 5.149E+03 5.933E−02 3.091E+03 3.219E+03 4.160E−02 6.914E+01 5.000E+03 4.200E+05 1.456E+01 6.870E−02 4.883E+03 5.115E+03 4.737E−02 3.005E+03 3.122E+03 3.869E−02 8.602E+01 6.000E+03 5.040E+05 1.388E+01 7.205E−02 4.853E+03 5.047E+03 3.993E−02 2.920E+03 3.031E+03 3.810E−02 1.039E+02 7.000E+03 5.880E+05 1.324E+01 7.553E−02 4.793E+03 4.964E+03 3.554E−02 2.836E+03 2.947E+03 3.903E−02 1.227E+02 8.000E+03 6.720E+05 1.264E+01 7.909E−02 4.715E+03 4.873E+03 3.339E−02 2.755E+03 2.868E+03 4.108E−02 1.425E+02 9.000E+03 7.560E+05 1.209E+01 8.269E−02 4.629E+03 4.780E+03 3.263E−02 2.677E+03 2.794E+03 4.369E−02 1.634E+02 1.000E+04 8.400E+05 1.158E+01 8.632E−02 4.538E+03 4.687E+03 3.300E−02 2.603E+03 2.725E+03 4.682E−02 1.852E+02 1.500E+04 1.260E+06 9.550E+00 1.047E−01 4.079E+03 4.259E+03 4.418E−02 2.285E+03 2.436E+03 6.617E−02 3.090E+02 2.000E+04 1.680E+06 8.111E+00 1.233E−01 3.678E+03 3.906E+03 6.200E−02 2.037E+03 2.215E+03 8.733E−02 4.571E+02 3.000E+04 2.520E+06 6.222E+00 1.607E−01 3.059E+03 3.371E+03 1.018E−01 1.682E+03 1.897E+03 1.278E−01 8.243E+02 4.000E+04 3.360E+06 5.037E+00 1.985E−01 2.618E+03 2.986E+03 1.406E−01 1.439E+03 1.674E+03 1.637E−01 1.284E+03 5.000E+04 4.200E+06 4.258E+00 2.349E−01 2.308E+03 2.702E+03 1.709E−01 1.265E+03 1.511E+03 1.948E−01 1.823E+03 6.000E+04 5.040E+06 3.691E+00 2.709E−01 2.069E+03 2.479E+03 1.982E−01 1.132E+03 1.384E+03 2.225E−01 2.439E+03 7.000E+04 5.880E+06 3.263E+00 3.065E−01 1.881E+03 2.299E+03 2.225E−01 1.027E+03 1.281E+03 2.475E−01 3.131E+03 8.000E+04 6.720E+06 2.928E+00 3.415E−01 1.728E+03 2.149E+03 2.440E−01 9.417E+02 1.196E+03 2.701E−01 3.894E+03 9.000E+04 7.560E+06 2.658E+00 3.762E−01 1.601E+03 2.023E+03 2.632E−01 8.712E+02 1.124E+03 2.906E−01 4.727E+03 1.000E+05 8.400E+06 2.437E+00 4.103E−01 1.495E+03 1.914E+03 2.803E−01 8.119E+02 1.063E+03 3.092E−01 5.625E+03 1.500E+05 1.260E+07 1.743E+00 5.738E−01 1.145E+03 1.537E+03 3.430E−01 6.161E+02 8.507E+02 3.808E−01 1.102E+04 2.000E+05 1.680E+07 1.379E+00 7.251E−01 9.492E+02 1.310E+03 3.804E−01 5.068E+02 7.232E+02 4.270E−01 1.772E+04 3.000E+05 2.520E+07 1.005E+00 9.950E−01 7.374E+02 1.044E+03 4.161E−01 3.886E+02 5.738E+02 4.768E−01 3.420E+04 4.000E+05 3.360E+07 8.141E−01 1.228E+00 6.242E+02 8.902E+02 4.262E−01 3.257E+02 4.872E+02 4.960E−01 5.387E+04 5.000E+05 4.200E+07 6.981E−01 1.432E+00 5.536E+02 7.885E+02 4.243E−01 2.867E+02 4.299E+02 4.993E−01 7.593E+04 6.000E+05 5.040E+07 6.200E−01 1.613E+00 5.052E+02 7.157E+02 4.167E−01 2.602E+02 3.887E+02 4.941E−01 9.983E+04 7.000E+05 5.880E+07 5.638E−01 1.774E+00 4.699E+02 6.607E+02 4.060E−01 2.410E+02 3.577E+02 4.840E−01 1.252E+05 8.000E+05 6.720E+07 5.212E−01 1.919E+00 4.431E+02 6.177E+02 3.942E−01 2.265E+02 3.333E+02 4.713E−01 1.517E+05 9.000E+05 7.560E+07 4.879E−01 2.050E+00 4.220E+02 5.831E+02 3.817E−01 2.152E+02 3.136E+02 4.571E−01 1.793E+05 1.000E+06 8.400E+07 4.610E−01 2.169E+00 4.049E+02 5.545E+02 3.693E−01 2.062E+02 2.974E+02 4.424E−01 2.075E+05

KRYPTON-86 IONS: A=86 Z=36 (a) Instantaneous Data

∆M=−83.26350 MeV Mc2=8.0025E+04 MeV

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

1.000E−01 8.600E+00 2.149E−07 0.000E+00 1.482E−01 6.750E+00 6.367E+02 6.367E+02 2.255E−02 3.186E+02 1.500E−01 1.290E+01 3.224E−07 0.000E+00 2.220E−01 4.504E+00 7.209E+02 7.209E+02 2.879E−02 2.744E+02 2.000E−01 1.720E+01 4.299E−07 0.000E+00 2.822E−01 3.543E+00 7.704E+02 7.704E+02 3.449E−02 2.473E+02 3.000E−01 2.580E+01 6.448E−07 0.000E+00 4.201E−01 2.381E+00 8.494E+02 8.494E+02 4.498E−02 2.142E+02 4.000E−01 3.440E+01 8.597E−07 0.000E+00 5.315E−01 1.881E+00 8.930E+02 8.930E+02 5.475E−02 1.939E+02 5.000E−01 4.300E+01 1.075E−06 0.000E+00 6.520E−01 1.534E+00 9.281E+02 9.281E+02 6.410E−02 1.798E+02 6.000E−01 5.160E+01 1.290E−06 0.000E+00 7.840E−01 1.275E+00 9.572E+02 9.572E+02 7.317E−02 1.692E+02 7.000E−01 6.020E+01 1.505E−06 0.000E+00 8.835E−01 1.132E+00 9.745E+02 9.745E+02 8.203E−02 1.608E+02

1.540E+02 9.000E−01 7.740E+01 1.934E−06 0.000E+00 1.092E+00 9.158E−01 1.002E+03 1.002E+03 9.932E−02 1.483E+02 1.000E+00 8.600E+01 2.149E−06 0.000E+00 1.202E+00 8.319E−01 1.013E+03 1.013E+03 1.078E−01 1.435E+02 1.500E+00 1.290E+02 3.224E−06 0.000E+00 1.744E+00 5.736E−01 1.045E+03 1.045E+03 1.494E−01 1.266E+02 2.000E+00 1.720E+02 4.299E−06 0.000E+00 2.166E+00 4.616E−01 1.058E+03 1.058E+03 1.902E−01 1.163E+02 3.000E+00 2.580E+02 6.448E−06 0.000E+00 3.082E+00 3.244E−01 1.071E+03 1.071E+03 2.708E−01 1.037E+02 4.000E+00 3.440E+02 8.597E−06 0.000E+00 3.776E+00 2.648E−01 1.077E+03 1.077E+03 3.508E−01 9.598E+01 5.000E+00 4.300E+02 1.075E−05 0.000E+00 4.484E+00 2.230E−01 1.084E+03 1.084E+03 4.302E−01 9.060E+01 6.000E+00 5.160E+02 1.290E−05 0.000E+00 5.214E+00 1.918E−01 1.093E+03 1.093E+03 5.091E−01 8.657E+01 7.000E+00 6.020E+02 1.505E−05 0.000E+00 5.735E+00 1.744E−01 1.102E+03 1.102E+03 5.873E−01 8.339E+01 8.000E+00 6.880E+02 1.719E−05 0.000E+00 6.245E+00 1.601E−01 1.111E+03 1.111E+03 6.648E−01 8.079E+01 9.000E+00 7.740E+02 1.934E−05 0.000E+00 6.748E+00 1.482E−01 1.123E+03 1.123E+03 7.414E−01 7.862E+01 1.000E+01 8.600E+02 2.149E−05 0.000E+00 7.244E+00 1.380E−01 1.135E+03 1.135E+03 8.172E−01 7.677E+01 1.500E+01 1.290E+03 3.224E−05 0.000E+00 9.330E+00 1.072E−01 1.212E+03 1.212E+03 1.182E+00 7.036E+01 2.000E+01 1.720E+03 4.299E−05 0.000E+00 1.060E+01 9.430E−02 1.281E+03 1.281E+03 1.525E+00 6.643E+01 3.000E+01 2.580E+03 6.448E−05 0.000E+00 1.254E+01 7.977E−02 1.446E+03 1.446E+03 2.150E+00 6.163E+01 4.000E+01 3.440E+03 8.597E−05 0.000E+00 1.343E+01 7.448E−02 1.577E+03 1.577E+03 2.712E+00 5.870E+01 5.000E+01 4.300E+03 1.075E−04 0.000E+00 1.396E+01 7.161E−02 1.715E+03 1.688E+03 3.226E+00 5.665E+01 6.000E+01 5.160E+03 1.289E−04 0.000E+00 1.423E+01 7.028E−02 1.860E+03 1.719E+03 3.701E+00 5.511E+01 7.000E+01 6.020E+03 1.504E−04 0.000E+00 1.428E+01 7.003E−02 1.966E+03 1.750E+03 4.145E+00 5.390E+01 8.000E+01 6.880E+03 1.719E−04 0.000E+00 1.424E+01 7.023E−02 2.071E+03 1.786E+03 4.563E+00 5.291E+01 9.000E+01 7.740E+03 1.934E−04 0.000E+00 1.413E+01 7.077E−02 2.175E+03 1.826E+03 4.960E+00 5.209E+01 1.000E+02 8.600E+03 2.149E−04 0.000E+00 1.397E+01 7.159E−02 2.280E+03 1.871E+03 5.339E+00 5.138E+01 1.500E+02 1.290E+04 3.223E−04 0.000E+00 1.445E+01 6.918E−02 2.754E+03 2.106E+03 7.024E+00 4.894E+01 2.000E+02 1.720E+04 4.297E−04 0.000E+00 1.529E+01 6.541E−02 3.082E+03 2.290E+03 8.477E+00 4.744E+01 3.000E+02 2.580E+04 6.445E−04 0.000E+00 1.658E+01 6.031E−02 3.697E+03 2.666E+03 1.098E+01 4.562E+01 4.000E+02 3.440E+04 8.592E−04 0.000E+00 1.725E+01 5.798E−02 4.095E+03 2.920E+03 1.314E+01 4.450E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

4.000E+02 3.440E+04 8.592E−04 0.000E+00 1.725E+01 5.798E−02 4.095E+03 2.920E+03 1.314E+01 4.450E+01 5.000E+02 4.300E+04 1.074E−03 0.000E+00 1.773E+01 5.639E−02 4.451E+03 3.151E+03 1.514E+01 4.372E+01 6.000E+02 5.160E+04 1.288E−03 0.000E+00 1.806E+01 5.536E−02 4.770E+03 3.357E+03 1.698E+01 4.314E+01 7.000E+02 6.020E+04 1.503E−03 0.000E+00 1.821E+01 5.493E−02 4.971E+03 3.483E+03 1.873E+01 4.268E+01 8.000E+02 6.880E+04 1.717E−03 0.000E+00 1.828E+01 5.472E−02 5.145E+03 3.589E+03 2.041E+01 4.230E+01 9.000E+02 7.740E+04 1.932E−03 0.000E+00 1.828E+01 5.471E−02 5.296E+03 3.675E+03 2.204E+01 4.198E+01 1.000E+03 8.600E+04 2.146E−03 0.000E+00 1.822E+01 5.489E−02 5.423E+03 3.741E+03 2.363E+01 4.172E+01 1.500E+03 1.290E+05 3.216E−03 8.970E+04 1.719E+01 5.818E−02 5.681E+03 3.760E+03 3.129E+01 4.079E+01 2.000E+03 1.720E+05 4.285E−03 8.329E+04 1.609E+01 6.215E−02 5.653E+03 3.589E+03 3.888E+01 4.022E+01 3.000E+03 2.580E+05 6.417E−03 7.178E+04 1.395E+01 7.169E−02 5.413E+03 3.109E+03 5.443E+01 3.952E+01 4.000E+03 3.440E+05 8.542E−03 6.464E+04 1.256E+01 7.961E−02 5.162E+03 2.761E+03 7.078E+01 3.910E+01 5.000E+03 4.300E+05 1.066E−02 5.839E+04 1.132E+01 8.831E−02 4.887E+03 2.606E+03 8.807E+01 3.880E+01 6.000E+03 5.160E+05 1.277E−02 5.279E+04 1.020E+01 9.801E−02 4.598E+03 2.448E+03 1.063E+02 3.858E+01 7.000E+03 6.020E+05 1.488E−02 4.921E+04 9.485E+00 1.054E−01 4.395E+03 2.338E+03 1.256E+02 3.840E+01 8.000E+03 6.880E+05 1.698E−02 4.598E+04 8.835E+00 1.132E−01 4.198E+03 2.232E+03 1.459E+02 3.826E+01 9.000E+03 7.740E+05 1.907E−02 4.304E+04 8.242E+00 1.213E−01 4.009E+03 2.132E+03 1.672E+02 3.814E+01 1.000E+04 8.600E+05 2.115E−02 4.034E+04 7.697E+00 1.299E−01 3.826E+03 2.035E+03 1.896E+02 3.804E+01 1.500E+04 1.290E+06 3.148E−02 3.063E+04 5.743E+00 1.741E−01 3.101E+03 1.656E+03 3.164E+02 3.768E+01 2.000E+04 1.720E+06 4.164E−02 2.561E+04 4.737E+00 2.111E−01 2.682E+03 1.440E+03 4.680E+02 3.747E+01 3.000E+04 2.580E+06 6.149E−02 1.860E+04 3.342E+00 2.993E−01 2.041E+03 1.112E+03 8.440E+02 3.720E+01 4.000E+04 3.440E+06 8.073E−02 1.520E+04 2.671E+00 3.743E−01 1.704E+03 9.405E+02 1.315E+03 3.704E+01

3.693E+01 6.000E+04 5.160E+06 1.175E−01 1.069E+04 1.886E+00 5.302E−01 1.290E+03 6.984E+02 2.497E+03 3.684E+01 7.000E+04 6.020E+06 1.350E−01 9.556E+03 1.683E+00 5.942E−01 1.176E+03 6.345E+02 3.205E+03 3.677E+01 8.000E+04 6.880E+06 1.521E−01 8.613E+03 1.515E+00 6.602E−01 1.079E+03 5.803E+02 3.987E+03 3.672E+01 9.000E+04 7.740E+06 1.686E−01 7.814E+03 1.373E+00 7.283E−01 9.957E+02 5.335E+02 4.839E+03 3.667E+01 1.000E+05 8.600E+06 1.847E−01 7.128E+03 1.252E+00 7.988E−01 9.231E+02 4.927E+02 5.759E+03 3.664E+01 1.500E+05 1.290E+07 2.584E−01 5.014E+03 8.802E−01 1.136E+00 6.920E+02 3.629E+02 1.128E+04 3.650E+01 2.000E+05 1.720E+07 3.225E−01 4.111E+03 7.217E−01 1.386E+00 5.890E+02 3.054E+02 1.814E+04 3.642E+01 3.000E+05 2.580E+07 4.282E−01 3.035E+03 5.320E−01 1.880E+00 4.617E+02 2.350E+02 3.502E+04 3.632E+01 4.000E+05 3.440E+07 5.109E−01 2.585E+03 4.519E−01 2.213E+00 4.067E+02 2.052E+02 5.515E+04 3.626E+01 5.000E+05 4.300E+07 5.769E−01 2.280E+03 3.968E−01 2.520E+00 3.686E+02 1.849E+02 7.773E+04 3.621E+01 6.000E+05 5.160E+07 6.304E−01 2.060E+03 3.563E−01 2.806E+00 3.407E+02 1.704E+02 1.022E+05 3.618E+01 7.000E+05 6.020E+07 6.743E−01 1.941E+03 3.341E−01 2.993E+00 3.255E+02 1.627E+02 1.282E+05 3.616E+01 8.000E+05 6.880E+07 7.109E−01 1.846E+03 3.160E−01 3.164E+00 3.134E+02 1.567E+02 1.554E+05 3.613E+01 9.000E+05 7.740E+07 7.416E−01 1.768E+03 3.010E−01 3.322E+00 3.034E+02 1.520E+02 1.835E+05 3.612E+01 1.000E+06 8.600E+07 7.677E−01 1.704E+03 2.883E−01 3.469E+00 2.952E+02 1.481E+02 2.125E+05 3.610E+01

(b) Equilibrium Values

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

1.000E−01 8.600E+00 6.090E−02 1.642E+01 4.018E+02 4.792E+02 1.925E−01 4.018E+02 4.792E+02 1.925E−01 2.255E−02 1.500E−01 1.290E+01 9.045E−02 1.106E+01 4.668E+02 5.495E+02 1.770E−01 4.668E+02 5.495E+02 1.770E−01 2.879E−02 2.000E−01 1.720E+01 1.198E−01 8.344E+00 5.161E+02 6.009E+02 1.643E−01 5.161E+02 6.009E+02 1.643E−01 3.449E−02 3.000E−01 2.580E+01 1.782E−01 5.612E+00 5.890E+02 6.742E+02 1.447E−01 5.890E+02 6.742E+02 1.447E−01 4.498E−02 4.000E−01 3.440E+01 2.360E−01 4.238E+00 6.420E+02 7.256E+02 1.301E−01 6.420E+02 7.256E+02 1.301E−01 5.475E−02 5.000E−01 4.300E+01 2.932E−01 3.411E+00 6.833E+02 7.644E+02 1.187E−01 6.833E+02 7.644E+02 1.187E−01 6.410E−02 6.000E−01 5.160E+01 3.498E−01 2.859E+00 7.168E+02 7.952E+02 1.094E−01 7.168E+02 7.952E+02 1.094E−01 7.317E−02 7.000E−01 6.020E+01 4.059E−01 2.464E+00 7.446E+02 8.203E+02 1.016E−01 7.446E+02 8.203E+02 1.016E−01 8.203E−02 8.000E−01 6.880E+01 4.615E−01 2.167E+00 7.683E+02 8.413E+02 9.500E−02 7.683E+02 8.413E+02 9.500E−02 9.073E−02 9.000E−01 7.740E+01 5.166E−01 1.936E+00 7.887E+02 8.591E+02 8.925E−02 7.887E+02 8.591E+02 8.925E−02 9.932E−02 1.000E+00 8.600E+01 5.712E−01 1.751E+00 8.066E+02 8.745E+02 8.419E−02 8.066E+02 8.745E+02 8.419E−02 1.078E−01 1.500E+00 1.290E+02 8.374E−01 1.194E+00 8.704E+02 9.277E+02 6.583E−02 8.704E+02 9.277E+02 6.583E−02 1.494E−01 2.000E+00 1.720E+02 1.093E+00 9.150E−01 9.101E+02 9.594E+02 5.413E−02 9.101E+02 9.594E+02 5.413E−02 1.902E−01 3.000E+00 2.580E+02 1.576E+00 6.346E−01 9.570E+02 9.952E+02 3.994E−02 9.570E+02 9.952E+02 3.994E−02 2.708E−01 4.000E+00 3.440E+02 2.025E+00 4.939E−01 9.841E+02 1.015E+03 3.168E−02 9.841E+02 1.015E+03 3.168E−02 3.508E−01 5.000E+00 4.300E+02 2.445E+00 4.091E−01 1.002E+03 1.029E+03 2.633E−02 1.002E+03 1.029E+03 2.633E−02 4.302E−01 6.000E+00 5.160E+02 2.838E+00 3.524E−01 1.016E+03 1.039E+03 2.263E−02 1.016E+03 1.039E+03 2.263E−02 5.091E−01 7.000E+00 6.020E+02 3.207E+00 3.118E−01 1.027E+03 1.047E+03 1.995E−02 1.027E+03 1.047E+03 1.995E−02 5.873E−01 8.000E+00 6.880E+02 3.555E+00 2.813E−01 1.037E+03 1.055E+03 1.796E−02 1.037E+03 1.055E+03 1.796E−02 6.648E−01 9.000E+00 7.740E+02 3.883E+00 2.575E−01 1.046E+03 1.063E+03 1.644E−02 1.046E+03 1.063E+03 1.644E−02 7.414E−01 1.000E+01 8.600E+02 4.194E+00 2.385E−01 1.054E+03 1.070E+03 1.529E−02 1.054E+03 1.070E+03 1.529E−02 8.172E−01 1.500E+01 1.290E+03 5.522E+00 1.811E−01 1.092E+03 1.106E+03 1.270E−02 1.092E+03 1.106E+03 1.270E−02 1.182E+00 2.000E+01 1.720E+03 6.564E+00 1.523E−01 1.129E+03 1.143E+03 1.294E−02 1.129E+03 1.143E+03 1.294E−02 1.525E+00 3.000E+01 2.580E+03 8.088E+00 1.236E−01 1.200E+03 1.221E+03 1.713E−02 1.200E+03 1.221E+03 1.713E−02 2.150E+00 4.000E+01 3.440E+03 9.134E+00 1.095E−01 1.268E+03 1.298E+03 2.341E−02 1.268E+03 1.298E+03 2.341E−02 2.712E+00 5.000E+01 4.300E+03 9.882E+00 1.012E−01 1.333E+03 1.373E+03 3.034E−02 1.331E+03 1.371E+03 2.967E−02 3.226E+00 6.000E+01 5.160E+03 1.043E+01 9.587E−02 1.394E+03 1.446E+03 3.731E−02 1.380E+03 1.424E+03 3.239E−02 3.701E+00 7.000E+01 6.020E+03 1.084E+01 9.223E−02 1.452E+03 1.516E+03 4.406E−02 1.418E+03 1.466E+03 3.358E−02 4.145E+00 8.000E+01 6.880E+03 1.115E+01 8.965E−02 1.508E+03 1.584E+03 5.046E−02 1.452E+03 1.501E+03 3.432E−02 4.563E+00 9.000E+01 7.740E+03 1.139E+01 8.777E−02 1.560E+03 1.648E+03 5.644E−02 1.481E+03 1.533E+03 3.493E−02 4.960E+00 1.000E+02 8.600E+03 1.158E+01 8.637E−02 1.611E+03 1.711E+03 6.209E−02 1.509E+03 1.562E+03 3.561E−02 5.339E+00 1.500E+02 1.290E+04 1.215E+01 8.229E−02 1.836E+03 1.993E+03 8.515E−02 1.627E+03 1.692E+03 4.030E−02 7.024E+00 2.000E+02 1.720E+04 1.264E+01 7.913E−02 2.029E+03 2.235E+03 1.017E−01 1.728E+03 1.809E+03 4.651E−02 8.477E+00 3.000E+02 2.580E+04 1.342E+01 7.453E−02 2.349E+03 2.638E+03 1.228E−01 1.905E+03 2.018E+03 5.935E−02 1.098E+01

E/A

keV/A E

keV Iav

nm−1 mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

4.000E+02 3.440E+04 1.399E+01 7.149E−02 2.607E+03 2.962E+03 1.361E−01 2.053E+03 2.200E+03 7.159E−02 1.314E+01 5.000E+02 4.300E+04 1.448E+01 6.905E−02 2.840E+03 3.242E+03 1.415E−01 2.192E+03 2.364E+03 7.881E−02 1.514E+01 6.000E+02 5.160E+04 1.486E+01 6.730E−02 3.038E+03 3.478E+03 1.450E−01 2.310E+03 2.507E+03 8.493E−02 1.698E+01 7.000E+02 6.020E+04 1.517E+01 6.593E−02 3.213E+03 3.683E+03 1.463E−01 2.416E+03 2.632E+03 8.909E−02 1.873E+01 8.000E+02 6.880E+04 1.542E+01 6.484E−02 3.370E+03 3.862E+03 1.462E−01 2.511E+03 2.742E+03 9.166E−02 2.041E+01 9.000E+02 7.740E+04 1.563E+01 6.396E−02 3.511E+03 4.020E+03 1.449E−01 2.597E+03 2.838E+03 9.292E−02 2.204E+01 1.000E+03 8.600E+04 1.581E+01 6.325E−02 3.638E+03 4.159E+03 1.430E−01 2.673E+03 2.922E+03 9.314E−02 2.363E+01 1.500E+03 1.290E+05 1.628E+01 6.142E−02 4.122E+03 4.645E+03 1.267E−01 2.947E+03 3.197E+03 8.457E−02 3.129E+01 2.000E+03 1.720E+05 1.633E+01 6.125E−02 4.424E+03 4.901E+03 1.078E−01 3.086E+03 3.304E+03 7.050E−02 3.888E+01 3.000E+03 2.580E+05 1.591E+01 6.286E−02 4.742E+03 5.112E+03 7.785E−02 3.155E+03 3.312E+03 4.949E−02 5.443E+01 4.000E+03 3.440E+05 1.525E+01 6.557E−02 4.861E+03 5.149E+03 5.931E−02 3.091E+03 3.220E+03 4.155E−02 7.078E+01 5.000E+03 4.300E+05 1.456E+01 6.869E−02 4.885E+03 5.115E+03 4.714E−02 3.006E+03 3.122E+03 3.845E−02 8.807E+01 6.000E+03 5.160E+05 1.388E+01 7.205E−02 4.853E+03 5.047E+03 3.991E−02 2.920E+03 3.031E+03 3.808E−02 1.063E+02 7.000E+03 6.020E+05 1.324E+01 7.553E−02 4.793E+03 4.964E+03 3.552E−02 2.836E+03 2.947E+03 3.901E−02 1.256E+02 8.000E+03 6.880E+05 1.265E+01 7.908E−02 4.716E+03 4.873E+03 3.325E−02 2.755E+03 2.868E+03 4.094E−02 1.459E+02 9.000E+03 7.740E+05 1.210E+01 8.268E−02 4.630E+03 4.780E+03 3.251E−02 2.678E+03 2.794E+03 4.358E−02 1.672E+02 1.000E+04 8.600E+05 1.159E+01 8.631E−02 4.538E+03 4.687E+03 3.289E−02 2.604E+03 2.725E+03 4.672E−02 1.896E+02 1.500E+04 1.290E+06 9.550E+00 1.047E−01 4.080E+03 4.260E+03 4.412E−02 2.285E+03 2.436E+03 6.612E−02 3.164E+02 2.000E+04 1.720E+06 8.111E+00 1.233E−01 3.677E+03 3.905E+03 6.203E−02 2.037E+03 2.215E+03 8.737E−02 4.680E+02 3.000E+04 2.580E+06 6.222E+00 1.607E−01 3.059E+03 3.371E+03 1.018E−01 1.682E+03 1.897E+03 1.279E−01 8.440E+02 4.000E+04 3.440E+06 5.037E+00 1.985E−01 2.618E+03 2.986E+03 1.406E−01 1.439E+03 1.674E+03 1.637E−01 1.315E+03 5.000E+04 4.300E+06 4.253E+00 2.351E−01 2.305E+03 2.701E+03 1.720E−01 1.265E+03 1.511E+03 1.948E−01 1.866E+03 6.000E+04 5.160E+06 3.688E+00 2.711E−01 2.067E+03 2.478E+03 1.991E−01 1.132E+03 1.384E+03 2.225E−01 2.497E+03 7.000E+04 6.020E+06 3.260E+00 3.067E−01 1.879E+03 2.298E+03 2.231E−01 1.027E+03 1.281E+03 2.475E−01 3.205E+03 8.000E+04 6.880E+06 2.926E+00 3.418E−01 1.726E+03 2.148E+03 2.444E−01 9.417E+02 1.196E+03 2.701E−01 3.987E+03 9.000E+04 7.740E+06 2.657E+00 3.764E−01 1.600E+03 2.022E+03 2.635E−01 8.712E+02 1.124E+03 2.906E−01 4.839E+03 1.000E+05 8.600E+06 2.436E+00 4.106E−01 1.494E+03 1.913E+03 2.805E−01 8.119E+02 1.063E+03 3.092E−01 5.759E+03 1.500E+05 1.290E+07 1.742E+00 5.740E−01 1.144E+03 1.537E+03 3.429E−01 6.161E+02 8.507E+02 3.808E−01 1.128E+04 2.000E+05 1.720E+07 1.379E+00 7.253E−01 9.489E+02 1.310E+03 3.802E−01 5.068E+02 7.232E+02 4.270E−01 1.814E+04 3.000E+05 2.580E+07 1.005E+00 9.952E−01 7.373E+02 1.044E+03 4.157E−01 3.886E+02 5.738E+02 4.768E−01 3.502E+04 4.000E+05 3.440E+07 8.139E−01 1.229E+00 6.241E+02 8.898E+02 4.257E−01 3.257E+02 4.872E+02 4.959E−01 5.515E+04 5.000E+05 4.300E+07 6.980E−01 1.433E+00 5.535E+02 7.881E+02 4.239E−01 2.867E+02 4.299E+02 4.993E−01 7.773E+04 6.000E+05 5.160E+07 6.199E−01 1.613E+00 5.051E+02 7.154E+02 4.162E−01 2.602E+02 3.887E+02 4.941E−01 1.022E+05 7.000E+05 6.020E+07 5.636E−01 1.774E+00 4.699E+02 6.605E+02 4.058E−01 2.410E+02 3.577E+02 4.842E−01 1.282E+05 8.000E+05 6.880E+07 5.212E−01 1.919E+00 4.431E+02 6.175E+02 3.938E−01 2.265E+02 3.333E+02 4.713E−01 1.554E+05 9.000E+05 7.740E+07 4.878E−01 2.050E+00 4.219E+02 5.829E+02 3.814E−01 2.152E+02 3.136E+02 4.572E−01 1.835E+05 1.000E+06 8.600E+07 4.610E−01 2.169E+00 4.049E+02 5.543E+02 3.690E−01 2.062E+02 2.974E+02 4.424E−01 2.125E+05

SILVER-107 IONS: A=107 Z=47 (a) Instantaneous Data

∆M=−88.40460 MeV Mc2=9.9581E+04 MeV

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

1.000E−01 1.070E+01 2.149E−07 0.000E+00 1.458E−01 6.858E+00 7.544E+02 7.544E+02 2.446E−02 3.739E+02 1.500E−01 1.605E+01 3.223E−07 0.000E+00 2.191E−01 4.564E+00 8.630E+02 8.630E+02 3.098E−02 3.212E+02 2.000E−01 2.140E+01 4.298E−07 0.000E+00 2.790E−01 3.584E+00 9.282E+02 9.282E+02 3.689E−02 2.889E+02 3.000E−01 3.210E+01 6.447E−07 0.000E+00 4.168E−01 2.399E+00 1.035E+03 1.035E+03 4.766E−02 2.494E+02 4.000E−01 4.280E+01 8.596E−07 0.000E+00 5.285E−01 1.892E+00 1.095E+03 1.095E+03 5.761E−02 2.253E+02 5.000E−01 5.350E+01 1.074E−06 0.000E+00 6.498E−01 1.539E+00 1.146E+03 1.146E+03 6.706E−02 2.084E+02 6.000E−01 6.420E+01 1.289E−06 0.000E+00 7.830E−01 1.277E+00 1.188E+03 1.188E+03 7.617E−02 1.958E+02 7.000E−01 7.490E+01 1.504E−06 0.000E+00 8.837E−01 1.132E+00 1.214E+03 1.214E+03 8.503E−02 1.858E+02 8.000E−01 8.560E+01 1.719E−06 0.000E+00 9.875E−01 1.013E+00 1.237E+03 1.237E+03 9.370E−02 1.777E+02 9.000E−01 9.630E+01 1.934E−06 0.000E+00 1.095E+00 9.131E−01 1.257E+03 1.257E+03 1.022E−01 1.709E+02

1.651E+02 1.500E+00 1.605E+02 3.223E−06 0.000E+00 1.761E+00 5.677E−01 1.332E+03 1.332E+03 1.514E−01 1.450E+02 2.000E+00 2.140E+02 4.298E−06 0.000E+00 2.197E+00 4.551E−01 1.357E+03 1.357E+03 1.911E−01 1.327E+02 3.000E+00 3.210E+02 6.447E−06 0.000E+00 3.149E+00 3.176E−01 1.385E+03 1.385E+03 2.689E−01 1.177E+02 4.000E+00 4.280E+02 8.596E−06 0.000E+00 3.877E+00 2.579E−01 1.396E+03 1.396E+03 3.458E−01 1.085E+02 5.000E+00 5.350E+02 1.074E−05 0.000E+00 4.626E+00 2.162E−01 1.406E+03 1.406E+03 4.220E−01 1.021E+02 6.000E+00 6.420E+02 1.289E−05 0.000E+00 5.404E+00 1.851E−01 1.416E+03 1.416E+03 4.978E−01 9.729E+01 7.000E+00 7.490E+02 1.504E−05 0.000E+00 5.962E+00 1.677E−01 1.424E+03 1.424E+03 5.731E−01 9.350E+01 8.000E+00 8.560E+02 1.719E−05 0.000E+00 6.513E+00 1.535E−01 1.433E+03 1.433E+03 6.478E−01 9.041E+01 9.000E+00 9.630E+02 1.934E−05 0.000E+00 7.060E+00 1.417E−01 1.444E+03 1.444E+03 7.220E−01 8.782E+01 1.000E+01 1.070E+03 2.149E−05 0.000E+00 7.602E+00 1.316E−01 1.456E+03 1.456E+03 7.955E−01 8.561E+01 1.500E+01 1.605E+03 3.223E−05 0.000E+00 9.918E+00 1.008E-01 1.530E+03 1.530E+03 1.153E+00 7.797E+01 2.000E+01 2.140E+03 4.298E−05 0.000E+00 1.137E+01 8.795E−02 1.600E+03 1.600E+03 1.493E+00 7.329E+01 3.000E+01 3.210E+03 6.447E−05 0.000E+00 1.365E+01 7.327E−02 1.773E+03 1.773E+03 2.125E+00 6.757E+01 4.000E+01 4.280E+03 8.595E−05 0.000E+00 1.476E+01 6.777E−02 1.916E+03 1.916E+03 2.700E+00 6.407E+01 5.000E+01 5.350E+03 1.074E−04 0.000E+00 1.547E+01 6.463E−02 2.069E+03 2.030E+03 3.229E+00 6.163E+01 6.000E+01 6.420E+03 1.289E−04 0.000E+00 1.588E+01 6.298E−02 2.231E+03 2.049E+03 3.722E+00 5.979E+01 7.000E+01 7.490E+03 1.504E−04 0.000E+00 1.601E+01 6.247E−02 2.351E+03 2.075E+03 4.185E+00 5.835E+01 8.000E+01 8.560E+03 1.719E−04 0.000E+00 1.603E+01 6.239E−02 2.470E+03 2.108E+03 4.623E+00 5.717E+01 9.000E+01 9.630E+03 1.934E−04 0.000E+00 1.597E+01 6.263E−02 2.591E+03 2.147E+03 5.038E+00 5.619E+01 1.000E+02 1.070E+04 2.149E−04 0.000E+00 1.583E+01 6.315E−02 2.713E+03 2.192E+03 5.435E+00 5.535E+01 1.500E+02 1.605E+04 3.223E−04 0.000E+00 1.660E+01 6.022E−02 3.266E+03 2.444E+03 7.207E+00 5.244E+01 2.000E+02 2.140E+04 4.297E−04 0.000E+00 1.766E+01 5.662E−02 3.655E+03 2.653E+03 8.736E+00 5.065E+01 3.000E+02 3.210E+04 6.444E−04 0.000E+00 1.936E+01 5.167E−02 4.400E+03 3.097E+03 1.136E+01 4.848E+01 4.000E+02 4.280E+04 8.590E−04 0.000E+00 2.028E+01 4.931E−02 4.894E+03 3.410E+03 1.364E+01 4.714E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

4.000E+02 4.280E+04 8.590E−04 0.000E+00 2.028E+01 4.931E−02 4.894E+03 3.410E+03 1.364E+01 4.714E+01 5.000E+02 5.350E+04 1.074E−03 0.000E+00 2.100E+01 4.762E−02 5.347E+03 3.705E+03 1.570E+01 4.621E+01 6.000E+02 6.420E+04 1.288E−03 0.000E+00 2.156E+01 4.639E−02 5.766E+03 3.981E+03 1.761E+01 4.552E+01 7.000E+02 7.490E+04 1.503E−03 0.000E+00 2.186E+01 4.576E−02 6.038E+03 4.159E+03 1.941E+01 4.497E+01 8.000E+02 8.560E+04 1.717E−03 0.000E+00 2.207E+01 4.531E−02 6.283E+03 4.317E+03 2.112E+01 4.452E+01 9.000E+02 9.630E+04 1.931E−03 0.000E+00 2.222E+01 4.501E−02 6.504E+03 4.457E+03 2.278E+01 4.414E+01 1.000E+03 1.070E+05 2.146E−03 0.000E+00 2.229E+01 4.486E−02 6.701E+03 4.578E+03 2.438E+01 4.382E+01 1.500E+03 1.605E+05 3.216E−03 0.000E+00 2.184E+01 4.579E−02 7.277E+03 4.851E+03 3.195E+01 4.272E+01 2.000E+03 2.140E+05 4.284E−03 1.083E+05 2.082E+01 4.803E−02 7.368E+03 4.762E+03 3.920E+01 4.204E+01 3.000E+03 3.210E+05 6.416E−03 9.609E+04 1.859E+01 5.379E−02 7.258E+03 4.350E+03 5.383E+01 4.121E+01 4.000E+03 4.280E+05 8.541E−03 8.811E+04 1.705E+01 5.864E−02 7.046E+03 3.958E+03 6.883E+01 4.070E+01 5.000E+03 5.350E+05 1.066E−02 8.089E+04 1.563E+01 6.399E−02 6.778E+03 3.615E+03 8.439E+01 4.035E+01 6.000E+03 6.420E+05 1.277E−02 7.422E+04 1.430E+01 6.995E−02 6.473E+03 3.446E+03 1.006E+02 4.008E+01 7.000E+03 7.490E+05 1.487E−02 6.988E+04 1.342E+01 7.451E−02 6.247E+03 3.324E+03 1.175E+02 3.987E+01 8.000E+03 8.560E+05 1.697E−02 6.589E+04 1.262E+01 7.925E−02 6.022E+03 3.203E+03 1.351E+02 3.970E+01 9.000E+03 9.630E+05 1.906E−02 6.220E+04 1.187E+01 8.423E−02 5.799E+03 3.084E+03 1.534E+02 3.956E+01 1.000E+04 1.070E+06 2.115E−02 5.876E+04 1.118E+01 8.947E−02 5.579E+03 2.968E+03 1.725E+02 3.944E+01 1.500E+04 1.605E+06 3.147E−02 4.600E+04 8.599E+00 1.163E−01 4.660E+03 2.490E+03 2.784E+02 3.902E+01 2.000E+04 2.140E+06 4.163E−02 3.912E+04 7.216E+00 1.386E−01 4.099E+03 2.202E+03 4.022E+02 3.876E+01 3.000E+04 3.210E+06 6.148E−02 2.917E+04 5.228E+00 1.913E−01 3.203E+03 1.746E+03 7.023E+02 3.844E+01 4.000E+04 4.280E+06 8.072E−02 2.420E+04 4.243E+00 2.357E−01 2.714E+03 1.499E+03 1.071E+03 3.825E+01 5.000E+04 5.350E+06 9.937E−02 2.042E+04 3.613E+00 2.768E−01 2.398E+03 1.302E+03 1.495E+03 3.811E+01 6.000E+04 6.420E+06 1.175E−01 1.743E+04 3.070E+00 3.257E−01 2.106E+03 1.140E+03 1.977E+03 3.801E+01

3.793E+01 8.000E+04 8.560E+06 1.520E−01 1.423E+04 2.498E+00 4.003E−01 1.784E+03 9.594E+02 3.099E+03 3.787E+01 9.000E+04 9.630E+06 1.686E−01 1.298E+04 2.276E+00 4.394E−01 1.655E+03 8.865E+02 3.735E+03 3.781E+01 1.000E+05 1.070E+07 1.846E−01 1.189E+04 2.084E+00 4.799E−01 1.540E+03 8.221E+02 4.418E+03 3.777E+01 1.500E+05 1.605E+07 2.583E−01 8.838E+03 1.549E+00 6.456E−01 1.210E+03 6.362E+02 8.490E+03 3.761E+01 2.000E+05 2.140E+07 3.225E−01 6.951E+03 1.219E+00 8.207E−01 9.967E+02 5.167E+02 1.352E+04 3.751E+01 3.000E+05 3.210E+07 4.281E−01 5.345E+03 9.361E−01 1.068E+00 8.075E+02 4.119E+02 2.586E+04 3.739E+01 4.000E+05 4.280E+07 5.108E−01 4.389E+03 7.662E−01 1.305E+00 6.909E+02 3.485E+02 4.057E+04 3.731E+01 5.000E+05 5.350E+07 5.768E−01 3.874E+03 6.731E−01 1.486E+00 6.266E+02 3.143E+02 5.705E+04 3.726E+01 6.000E+05 6.420E+07 6.303E−01 3.597E+03 6.225E−01 1.606E+00 5.916E+02 2.961E+02 7.492E+04 3.723E+01 7.000E+05 7.490E+07 6.743E−01 3.300E+03 5.672E−01 1.763E+00 5.538E+02 2.768E+02 9.388E+04 3.719E+01 8.000E+05 8.560E+07 7.108E−01 3.139E+03 5.366E−01 1.863E+00 5.332E+02 2.667E+02 1.137E+05 3.717E+01 9.000E+05 9.630E+07 7.416E−01 3.008E+03 5.112E−01 1.956E+00 5.163E+02 2.586E+02 1.343E+05 3.715E+01 1.000E+06 1.070E+08 7.676E−01 2.898E+03 4.897E−01 2.042E+00 5.024E+02 2.522E+02 1.554E+05 3.713E+01

(b) Equilibrium Values

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

1.000E−01 1.070E+01 5.800E−02 1.724E+01 4.582E+02 5.583E+02 2.186E−01 4.582E+02 5.583E+02 2.186E−01 2.446E−02 1.500E−01 1.605E+01 8.635E−02 1.158E+01 5.373E+02 6.460E+02 2.022E−01 5.373E+02 6.460E+02 2.022E−01 3.098E−02 2.000E−01 2.140E+01 1.146E−01 8.723E+00 5.983E+02 7.111E+02 1.886E−01 5.983E+02 7.111E+02 1.886E−01 3.689E−02 3.000E−01 3.210E+01 1.710E−01 5.849E+00 6.898E+02 8.055E+02 1.677E−01 6.898E+02 8.055E+02 1.677E−01 4.766E−02 4.000E−01 4.280E+01 2.270E−01 4.406E+00 7.577E+02 8.729E+02 1.521E−01 7.577E+02 8.729E+02 1.521E−01 5.761E−02 5.000E−01 5.350E+01 2.826E−01 3.539E+00 8.114E+02 9.248E+02 1.398E−01 8.114E+02 9.248E+02 1.398E−01 6.706E−02 6.000E−01 6.420E+01 3.378E−01 2.961E+00 8.555E+02 9.665E+02 1.297E−01 8.55.5E+02 9.665E+02 1.297E−01 7.617E−02 7.000E−01 7.490E+01 3.926E−01 2.547E+00 8.927E+02 1.001E+03 1.213E−01 8.927E+02 1.001E+03 1.213E−01 8.503E−02 8.000E−01 8.560E+01 4.470E−01 2.237E+00 9.247E+02 1.030E+03 1.140E−01 9.247E+02 1.030E+03 1.140E−01 9.370E−02 9.000E−01 9.630E+01 5.011E−01 1.996E+00 9.526E+02 1.055E+03 1.077E−01 9.526E+02 1.055E+03 1.077E−01 1.022E−01 1.000E+00 1.070E+02 5.548E−01 1.803E+00 9.773E+02 1.077E+03 1.021E−01 9.773E+02 1.077E+03 1.021E−01 1.106E−01 1.500E+00 1.605E+02 8.178E−01 1.223E+00 1.068E+03 1.155E+03 8.165E−02 1.068E+03 1.155E+03 8.165E−02 1.514E−01 2.000E+00 2.140E+02 1.072E+00 9.326E−01 1.126E+03 1.203E+03 6.832E−02 1.126E+03 1.203E+03 6.832E−02 1.911E−01 3.000E+00 3.210E+02 1.558E+00 6.419E−01 1.199E+03 1.261E+03 5.167E−02 1.199E+03 1.261E+03 5.167E−02 2.689E−01 4.000E+00 4.280E+02 2.015E+00 4.962E−01 1.242E+03 1.294E+03 4.162E−02 1.242E+03 1.294E+03 4.162E−02 3.458E−01 5.000E+00 5.350E+02 2.447E+00 4.086E−01 1.271E+03 1.316E+03 3.492E−02 1.271E+03 1.316E+03 3.492E−02 4.220E−01 6.000E+00 6.420E+02 2.856E+00 3.501E−01 1.293E+03 1.332E+03 3.015E−02 1.293E+03 1.332E+03 3.015E−02 4.978E−01 7.000E+00 7.490E+02 3.243E+00 3.083E−01 1.310E+03 1.344E+03 2.661E−02 1.310E+03 1.344E+03 2.661E−02 5.731E−01 8.000E+00 8.560E+02 3.611E+00 2.769E−01 1.324E+03 1.355E+03 2.390E−02 1.324E+03 1.355E+03 2.390E−02 6.478E−01 9.000E+00 9.630E+02 3.960E+00 2.525E−01 1.336E+03 1.365E+03 2.178E−02 1.336E+03 1.365E+03 2.178E−02 7.220E−01 1.000E+01 1.070E+03 4.293E+00 2.330E−01 1.347E+03 1.374E+03 2.010E−02 1.347E+03 1.374E+03 2.010E−02 7.955E−01 1.500E+01 1.605E+03 5.738E+00 1.743E−01 1.393E+03 1.414E+03 1.545E−02 1.393E+03 1.414E+03 1.545E−02 1.153E+00 2.000E+01 2.140E+03 6.898E+00 1.450E−01 1.434E+03 1.454E+03 1.406E−02 1.434E+03 1.454E+03 1.406E−02 1.493E+00 3.000E+01 3.210E+03 8.634E+00 1.158E−01 1.511E+03 1.535E+03 1.541E−02 1.511E+03 1.535E+03 1.541E−02 2.125E+00 4.000E+01 4.280E+03 9.854E+00 1.015E−01 1.586E+03 1.616E+03 1.928E−02 1.586E+03 1.616E+03 1.928E−02 2.700E+00 5.000E+01 5.350E+03 1.074E+01 9.308E−02 1.657E+03 1.697E+03 2.423E−02 1.655E+03 1.694E+03 2.364E−02 3.229E+00 6.000E+01 6.420E+03 1.141E+01 8.767E−02 1.725E+03 1.776E+03 2.959E−02 1.706E+03 1.749E+03 2.517E−02 3.722E+00 7.000E+01 7.490E+03 1.191E+01 8.395E−02 1.790E+03 1.852E+03 3.505E−02 1.745E+03 1.790E+03 2.557E−02 4.185E+00 8.000E+01 8.560E+03 1.230E+01 8.129E−02 1.852E+03 1.927E+03 4.043E−02 1.779E+03 1.825E+03 2.570E−02 4.623E+00 9.000E+01 9.630E+03 1.260E+01 7.933E−02 1.911E+03 1.999E+03 4.564E−02 1.809E+03 1.856E+03 2.585E−02 5.038E+00 1.000E+02 1.070E+04 1.284E+01 7.787E−02 1.969E+03 2.068E+03 5.064E−02 1.836E+03 1.884E+03 2.610E−02 5.435E+00 1.500E+02 1.605E+04 1.361E+01 7.348E−02 2.227E+03 2.387E+03 7.207E−02 1.957E+03 2.014E+03 2.919E−02 7.207E+00 2.000E+02 2.140E+04 1.425E+01 7.020E−02 2.449E+03 2.666E+03 8.847E−02 2.064E+03 2.135E+03 3.447E−02 8.736E+00 3.000E+02 3.210E+04 1.526E+01 6.552E−02 2.824E+03 3.138E+03 1.109E−01 2.256E+03 2.362E+03 4.704E−02 1.136E+01 4.000E+02 4.280E+04 1.604E+01 6.234E−02 3.137E+03 3.529E+03 1.248E−01 2.428E+03 2.571E+03 5.904E−02 1.364E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

4.000E+02 4.280E+04 1.604E+01 6.234E−02 3.137E+03 3.529E+03 1.248E−01 2.428E+03 2.571E+03 5.904E−02 1.364E+01 5.000E+02 5.350E+04 1.666E+01 6.002E−02 3.407E+03 3.863E+03 1.337E−01 2.582E+03 2.761E+03 6.918E−02 1.570E+01 6.000E+02 6.420E+04 1.717E+01 5.824E−02 3.646E+03 4.154E+03 1.394E−01 2.723E+03 2.933E+03 7.735E−02 1.761E+01 7.000E+02 7.490E+04 1.760E+01 5.683E−02 3.859E+03 4.410E+03 1.427E−01 2.850E+03 3.089E+03 8.363E−02 1.941E+01 8.000E+02 8.560E+04 1.796E+01 5.569E−02 4.051E+03 4.637E+03 1.445E−01 2.967E+03 3.229E+03 8.832E−02 2.112E+01 9.000E+02 9.630E+04 1.826E+01 5.475E−02 4.227E+03 4.840E+03 1.451E−01 3.073E+03 3.355E+03 9.169E−02 2.278E+01 1.000E+03 1.070E+05 1.853E+01 5.397E−02 4.388E+03 5.023E+03 1.449E−01 3.171E+03 3.469E+03 9.395E−02 2.438E+01 1.500E+03 1.605E+05 1.939E+01 5.158E−02 5.022E+03 5.705E+03 1.360E−01 3.550E+03 3.883E+03 9.397E−02 3.195E+01 2.000E+03 2.140E+05 1.974E+01 5.067E−02 5.452E+03 6.114E+03 1.215E−01 3.783E+03 4.102E+03 8.426E−02 3.920E+01 3.000E+03 3.210E+05 1.970E+01 5.076E−02 5.966E+03 6.522E+03 9.317E−02 3.994E+03 4.243E+03 6.222E−02 5.383E+01 4.000E+03 4.280E+05 1.925E+01 5.194E−02 6.219E+03 6.676E+03 7.343E−02 4.021E+03 4.217E+03 4.870E−02 6.883E+01 5.000E+03 5.350E+05 1.868E+01 5.353E−02 6.342E+03 6.716E+03 5.898E−02 3.964E+03 4.129E+03 4.162E−02 8.439E+01 6.000E+03 6.420E+05 1.806E+01 5.538E−02 6.382E+03 6.697E+03 4.930E−02 3.891E+03 4.040E+03 3.824E−02 1.006E+02 7.000E+03 7.490E+05 1.744E+01 5.735E−02 6.375E+03 6.645E+03 4.232E−02 3.816E+03 3.955E+03 3.634E−02 1.175E+02 8.000E+03 8.560E+05 1.684E+01 5.940E−02 6.337E+03 6.575E+03 3.750E−02 3.740E+03 3.874E+03 3.565E−02 1.351E+02 9.000E+03 9.630E+05 1.626E+01 6.151E−02 6.277E+03 6.493E+03 3.444E−02 3.664E+03 3.796E+03 3.597E−02 1.534E+02 1.000E+04 1.070E+06 1.571E+01 6.364E−02 6.206E+03 6.406E+03 3.231E−02 3.591E+03 3.722E+03 3.665E−02 1.725E+02 1.500E+04 1.605E+06 1.341E+01 7.456E−02 5.767E+03 5.959E+03 3.318E−02 3.249E+03 3.400E+03 4.618E−02 2.784E+02 2.000E+04 2.140E+06 1.167E+01 8.568E−02 5.323E+03 5.552E+03 4.302E−02 2.962E+03 3.140E+03 5.991E−02 4.022E+02 3.000E+04 3.210E+06 9.257E+00 1.080E−01 4.574E+03 4.896E+03 7.036E−02 2.522E+03 2.747E+03 8.905E−02 7.023E+02 4.000E+04 4.280E+06 7.662E+00 1.305E−01 4.000E+03 4.400E+03 1.000E−01 2.203E+03 2.461E+03 1.168E−01 1.071E+03 5.000E+04 5.350E+06 6.575E+00 1.521E−01 3.577E+03 4.024E+03 1.249E−01 1.967E+03 2.245E+03 1.417E−01 1.495E+03 6.000E+04 6.420E+06 5.775E+00 1.732E−01 3.248E+03 3.724E+03 1.466E−01 1.782E+03 2.074E+03 1.642E−01 1.977E+03 7.000E+04 7.490E+06 5.158E+00 1.939E−01 2.982E+03 3.478E+03 1.662E−01 1.632E+03 1.934E+03 1.849E−01 2.512E+03 8.000E+04 8.560E+06 4.668E+00 2.142E−01 2.763E+03 3.271E+03 1.838E−01 1.509E+03 1.817E+03 2.037E−01 3.099E+03 9.000E+04 9.630E+06 4.269E+00 2.342E−01 2.580E+03 3.095E+03 1.998E−01 1.406E+03 1.717E+03 2.211E−01 3.735E+03 1.000E+05 1.070E+07 3.938E+00 2.539E−01 2.423E+03 2.942E+03 2.142E−01 1.318E+03 1.630E+03 2.370E−01 4.418E+03 1.500E+05 1.605E+07 2.873E+00 3.481E−01 1.892E+03 2.402E+03 2.697E−01 1.019E+03 1.326E+03 3.007E−01 8.490E+03 2.000E+05 2.140E+07 2.296E+00 4.355E−01 1.584E+03 2.068E+03 3.055E−01 8.465E+02 1.138E+03 3.446E−01 1.352E+04 3.000E+05 3.210E+07 1.690E+00 5.919E−01 1.242E+03 1.669E+03 3.438E−01 6.549E+02 9.141E+02 3.958E−01 2.586E+04 4.000E+05 4.280E+07 1.374E+00 7.277E−01 1.056E+03 1.434E+03 3.583E−01 5.511E+02 7.819E+02 4.189E−01 4.057E+04 5.000E+05 5.350E+07 1.181E+00 8.466E−01 9.383E+02 1.277E+03 3.612E−01 4.861E+02 6.936E+02 4.268E−01 5.705E+04 6.000E+05 6.420E+07 1.051E+00 9.519E−01 8.574E+02 1.164E+03 3.578E−01 4.417E+02 6.298E+02 4.258E−01 7.492E+04 7.000E+05 7.490E+07 9.561E−01 1.046E+00 7.982E+02 1.079E+03 3.511E−01 4.095E+02 5.815E+02 4.199E−01 9.388E+04 8.000E+05 8.560E+07 8.846E−01 1.131E+00 7.531E+02 1.011E+03 3.427E−01 3.851E+02 5.434E+02 4.109E−01 1.137E+05 9.000E+05 9.630E+07 8.284E−01 1.207E+00 7.175E+02 9.567E+02 3.334E−01 3.661E+02 5.126E+02 4.002E−01 1.343E+05 1.000E+06 1.070E+08 7.831E−01 1.277E+00 6.887E+02 9.116E+02 3.236E−01 3.508E+02 4.871E+02 3.885E−01 1.554E+05

SILVER-109 IONS: A=109 Z=47 (a) Instantaneous Data

∆M=−88.72240 MeV Mc2=1.0144E+05 MeV

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

1.000E−01 1.090E+01 2.149E−07 0.000E+00 1.526E−01 6.552E+00 7.682E+02 7.682E+02 2.484E−02 3.739E+02 1.500E−01 1.635E+01 3.223E−07 0.000E+00 2.172E−01 4.604E+00 8.626E+02 8.626E+02 3.147E−02 3.212E+02 2.000E−01 2.180E+01 4.298E−07 0.000E+00 2.919E−01 3.426E+00 9.423E+02 9.423E+02 3.748E−02 2.889E+02 3.000E−01 3.270E+01 6.447E−07 0.000E+00 4.132E−01 2.420E+00 1.035E+03 1.035E+03 4.843E−02 2.494E+02 4.000E−01 4.360E+01 8.596E−07 0.000E+00 5.524E−01 1.810E+00 1.109E+03 1.109E+03 5.855E−02 2.253E+02 5.000E−01 5.450E+01 1.074E−06 0.000E+00 6.443E−01 1.552E+00 1.146E+03 1.146E+03 6.816E−02 2.084E+02 6.000E−01 6.540E+01 1.289E−06 0.000E+00 7.765E−01 1.288E+00 1.189E+03 1.189E+03 7.742E−02 1.958E+02 7.000E−01 7.630E+01 1.504E−06 0.000E+00 8.764E−01 1.141E+00 1.215E+03 1.215E+03 8.643E−02 1.858E+02 8.000E−01 8.720E+01 1.719E−06 0.000E+00 1.031E+00 9.699E−01 1.248E+03 1.248E+03 9.525E−02 1.777E+02

1.709E+02 1.000E+00 1.090E+02 2.149E−06 0.000E+00 1.198E+00 8.350E−01 1.275E+03 1.275E+03 1.125E−01 1.651E+02 1.500E+00 1.635E+02 3.223E−06 0.000E+00 1.747E+00 5.723E−01 1.333E+03 1.333E+03 1.540E−01 1.450E+02 2.000E+00 2.180E+02 4.298E−06 0.000E+00 2.180E+00 4.587E−01 1.358E+03 1.358E+03 1.943E−01 1.327E+02 3.000E+00 3.270E+02 6.447E−06 0.000E+00 3.125E+00 3.200E−01 1.386E+03 1.386E+03 2.735E−01 1.177E+02 4.000E+00 4.360E+02 8.596E−06 0.000E+00 3.848E+00 2.598E−01 1.397E+03 1.397E+03 3.517E−01 1.085E+02 5.000E+00 5.450E+02 1.074E−05 0.000E+00 4.593E+00 2.177E−01 1.407E+03 1.407E+03 4.293E−01 1.021E+02 6.000E+00 6.540E+02 1.289E−05 0.000E+00 5.367E+00 1.863E−01 1.416E+03 1.416E+03 5.065E−01 9.729E+01 7.000E+00 7.630E+02 1.504E−05 0.000E+00 5.923E+00 1.688E−01 1.424E+03 1.424E+03 5.831E−01 9.350E+01 8.000E+00 8.720E+02 1.719E−05 0.000E+00 6.471E+00 1.545E−01 1.433E+03 1.433E+03 6.592E−01 9.041E+01 9.000E+00 9.810E+02 1.934E−05 0.000E+00 7.015E+00 1.425E−01 1.443E+03 1.443E+03 7.347E−01 8.782E+01 1.000E+01 1.090E+03 2.149E−05 0.000E+00 7.555E+00 1.324E−01 1.455E+03 1.455E+03 8.096E−01 8.561E+01 1.500E+01 1.635E+03 3.223E−05 0.000E+00 9.866E+00 1.014E−01 1.528E+03 1.528E+03 1.174E+00 7.797E+01 2.000E+01 2.180E+03 4.298E−05 0.000E+00 1.132E+01 8.835E−02 1.597E+03 1.597E+03 1.520E+00 7.329E+01 3.000E+01 3.270E+03 6.447E−05 0.000E+00 1.360E+01 7.350E−02 1.769E+03 1.769E+03 2.163E+00 6.757E+01 4.000E+01 4.360E+03 8.595E−05 0.000E+00 1.472E+01 6.793E−02 1.911E+03 1.911E+03 2.749E+00 6.407E+01 5.000E+01 5.450E+03 1.074E−04 0.000E+00 1.545E+01 6.473E−02 2.062E+03 2.030E+03 3.288E+00 6.163E+01 6.000E+01 6.540E+03 1.289E−04 0.000E+00 1.587E+01 6.303E−02 2.224E+03 2.048E+03 3.791E+00 5.979E+01 7.000E+01 7.630E+03 1.504E−04 0.000E+00 1.600E+01 6.249E−02 2.342E+03 2.073E+03 4.262E+00 5.835E+01 8.000E+01 8.720E+03 1.719E−04 0.000E+00 1.603E+01 6.238E−02 2.461E+03 2.105E+03 4.708E+00 5.717E+01 9.000E+01 9.810E+03 1.934E−04 0.000E+00 1.597E+01 6.260E−02 2.581E+03 2.144E+03 5.131E+00 5.619E+01 1.000E+02 1.090E+04 2.149E−04 0.000E+00 1.585E+01 6.310E−02 2.702E+03 2.188E+03 5.535E+00 5.535E+01 1.500E+02 1.635E+04 3.223E−04 0.000E+00 1.657E+01 6.036E−02 3.253E+03 2.437E+03 7.340E+00 5.244E+01 2.000E+02 2.180E+04 4.297E−04 0.000E+00 1.762E+01 5.674E−02 3.640E+03 2.645E+03 8.897E+00 5.065E+01 3.000E+02 3.270E+04 6.444E−04 0.000E+00 1.932E+01 5.176E−02 4.383E+03 3.086E+03 1.157E+01 4.848E+01 4.000E+02 4.360E+04 8.590E−04 0.000E+00 2.025E+01 4.939E−02 4.876E+03 3.399E+03 1.389E+01 4.714E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

4.000E+02 4.360E+04 8.590E−04 0.000E+00 2.025E+01 4.939E−02 4.876E+03 3.399E+03 1.389E+01 4.714E+01 5.000E+02 5.450E+04 1.074E−03 0.000E+00 2.097E+01 4.768E−02 5.328E+03 3.693E+03 1.599E+01 4.621E+01 6.000E+02 6.540E+04 1.288E−03 0.000E+00 2.154E+01 4.643E−02 5.748E+03 3.969E+03 1.793E+01 4.552E+01 7.000E+02 7.630E+04 1.503E−03 0.000E+00 2.184E+01 4.579E−02 6.020E+03 4.147E+03 1.977E+01 4.497E+01 8.000E+02 8.720E+04 1.717E−03 0.000E+00 2.206E+01 4.533E−02 6.265E+03 4.306E+03 2.152E+01 4.452E+01 9.000E+02 9.810E+04 1.931E−03 0.000E+00 2.221E+01 4.503E−02 6.487E+03 4.446E+03 2.320E+01 4.414E+01 1.000E+03 1.090E+05 2.146E−03 0.000E+00 2.229E+01 4.486E−02 6.685E+03 4.568E+03 2.484E+01 4.382E+01 1.500E+03 1.635E+05 3.216E−03 0.000E+00 2.187E+01 4.574E−02 7.269E+03 4.850E+03 3.255E+01 4.272E+01 2.000E+03 2.180E+05 4.284E−03 1.086E+05 2.086E+01 4.793E−02 7.367E+03 4.768E+03 3.993E+01 4.204E+01 3.000E+03 3.270E+05 6.416E−03 9.637E+04 1.864E+01 5.363E−02 7.264E+03 4.363E+03 5.484E+01 4.121E+01 4.000E+03 4.360E+05 8.541E−03 8.840E+04 1.711E+01 5.845E−02 7.056E+03 3.974E+03 7.011E+01 4.070E+01 5.000E+03 5.450E+05 1.066E−02 8.119E+04 1.569E+01 6.375E−02 6.790E+03 3.622E+03 8.597E+01 4.035E+01 6.000E+03 6.540E+05 1.277E−02 7.452E+04 1.436E+01 6.966E−02 6.488E+03 3.454E+03 1.025E+02 4.008E+01 7.000E+03 7.630E+05 1.487E−02 7.018E+04 1.348E+01 7.418E−02 6.263E+03 3.332E+03 1.197E+02 3.987E+01 8.000E+03 8.720E+05 1.697E−02 6.619E+04 1.268E+01 7.888E−02 6.040E+03 3.212E+03 1.376E+02 3.970E+01 9.000E+03 9.810E+05 1.906E−02 6.249E+04 1.193E+01 8.382E−02 5.817E+03 3.094E+03 1.563E+02 3.956E+01 1.000E+04 1.090E+06 2.115E−02 5.905E+04 1.123E+01 8.901E−02 5.598E+03 2.978E+03 1.757E+02 3.944E+01 1.500E+04 1.635E+06 3.147E−02 4.626E+04 8.650E+00 1.156E−01 4.680E+03 2.500E+03 2.836E+02 3.902E+01 2.000E+04 2.180E+06 4.163E−02 3.936E+04 7.263E+00 1.377E−01 4.119E+03 2.212E+03 4.098E+02 3.876E+01 3.000E+04 3.270E+06 6.148E−02 2.937E+04 5.266E+00 1.899E−01 3.221E+03 1.755E+03 7.154E+02 3.844E+01 4.000E+04 4.360E+06 8.072E−02 2.436E+04 4.275E+00 2.339E−01 2.731E+03 1.507E+03 1.091E+03 3.825E+01 5.000E+04 5.450E+06 9.937E−02 2.057E+04 3.639E+00 2.748E−01 2.412E+03 1.310E+03 1.523E+03 3.811E+01

3.801E+01 7.000E+04 7.630E+06 1.350E−01 1.581E+04 2.779E+00 3.598E−01 1.944E+03 1.049E+03 2.559E+03 3.793E+01 8.000E+04 8.720E+06 1.520E−01 1.433E+04 2.517E+00 3.973E−01 1.795E+03 9.654E+02 3.156E+03 3.787E+01 9.000E+04 9.810E+06 1.686E−01 1.307E+04 2.293E+00 4.361E−01 1.665E+03 8.921E+02 3.804E+03 3.781E+01 1.000E+05 1.090E+07 1.846E−01 1.197E+04 2.099E+00 4.763E−01 1.550E+03 8.273E+02 4.501E+03 3.777E+01 1.500E+05 1.635E+07 2.583E−01 8.512E+03 1.492E+00 6.703E−01 1.174E+03 6.159E+02 8.649E+03 3.761E+01 2.000E+05 2.180E+07 3.225E−01 6.999E+03 1.227E+00 8.151E−01 1.002E+03 5.197E+02 1.377E+04 3.751E+01 3.000E+05 3.270E+07 4.281E−01 5.178E+03 9.066E−01 1.103E+00 7.874E+02 4.009E+02 2.634E+04 3.739E+01 4.000E+05 4.360E+07 5.108E−01 4.413E+03 7.704E−01 1.298E+00 6.939E+02 3.501E+02 4.133E+04 3.731E+01 5.000E+05 5.450E+07 5.768E−01 3.893E+03 6.765E−01 1.478E+00 6.289E+02 3.155E+02 5.812E+04 3.726E+01 6.000E+05 6.540E+07 6.303E−01 3.516E+03 6.076E−01 1.646E+00 5.813E+02 2.908E+02 7.632E+04 3.723E+01 7.000E+05 7.630E+07 6.743E−01 3.313E+03 5.696E−01 1.756E+00 5.554E+02 2.776E+02 9.564E+04 3.719E+01 8.000E+05 8.720E+07 7.108E−01 3.150E+03 5.388E−01 1.856E+00 5.346E+02 2.674E+02 1.158E+05 3.717E+01 9.000E+05 9.810E+07 7.416E−01 3.017E+03 5.131E−01 1.949E+00 5.176E+02 2.592E+02 1.368E+05 3.715E+01 1.000E+06 1.090E+08 7.676E−01 2.907E+03 4.914E−01 2.035E+00 5.035E+02 2.527E+02 1.583E+05 3.713E+01

(b) Equilibrium Values

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

1.000E−01 1.090E+01 5.797E−02 1.725E+01 4.591E+02 5.596E+02 2.190E−01 4.591E+02 5.596E+02 2.190E−01 2.484E−02 1.500E−01 1.635E+01 8.632E−02 1.158E+01 5.384E+02 6.474E+02 2.025E−01 5.384E+02 6.474E+02 2.025E−01 3.147E−02 2.000E−01 2.180E+01 1.146E−01 8.726E+00 5.995E+02 7.127E+02 1.888E−01 5.995E+02 7.127E+02 1.888E−01 3.748E−02 3.000E−01 3.270E+01 1.710E−01 5.849E+00 6.912E+02 8.072E+02 1.679E−01 6.912E+02 8.072E+02 1.679E−01 4.843E−02 4.000E−01 4.360E+01 2.269E−01 4.406E+00 7.592E+02 8.747E+02 1.522E−01 7.592E+02 8.747E+02 1.522E−01 5.855E−02 5.000E−01 5.450E+01 2.825E−01 3.539E+00 8.130E+02 9.267E+02 1.398E−01 8.130E+02 9.267E+02 1.398E−01 6.816E−02 6.000E−01 6.540E+01 3.378E−01 2.960E+00 8.572E+02 9.684E+02 1.297E−01 8.572E+02 9.684E+02 1.297E−01 7.742E−02 7.000E−01 7.630E+01 3.926E−01 2.547E+00 8.944E+02 1.003E+03 1.213E−01 8.944E+02 1.003E+03 1.213E−01 8.643E−02 8.000E−01 8.720E+01 4.470E−01 2.237E+00 9.265E+02 1.032E+03 1.140E−01 9.265E+02 1.032E+03 1.140E−01 9.525E−02 9.000E−01 9.810E+01 5.011E−01 1.996E+00 9.544E+02 1.057E+03 1.077E−01 9.544E+02 1.057E+03 1.077E−01 1.039E−01 1.000E+00 1.090E+02 5.548E−01 1.802E+00 9.791E+02 1.079E+03 1.021E−01 9.791E+02 1.079E+03 1.021E−01 1.125E−01 1.500E+00 1.635E+02 8.179E−01 1.223E+00 1.070E+03 1.157E+03 8.158E−02 1.070E+03 1.157E+03 8.158E−02 1.540E−01 2.000E+00 2.180E+02 1.072E+00 9.325E−01 1.128E+03 1.205E+03 6.823E−02 1.128E+03 1.205E+03 6.823E−02 1.943E−01 3.000E+00 3.270E+02 1.558E+00 6.417E−01 1.201E+03 1.262E+03 5.158E−02 1.201E+03 1.262E+03 5.158E−02 2.735E−01 4.000E+00 4.360E+02 2.016E+00 4.961E−01 1.244E+03 1.295E+03 4.153E−02 1.244E+03 1.295E+03 4.153E−02 3.517E−01 5.000E+00 5.450E+02 2.448E+00 4.085E−01 1.273E+03 1.317E+03 3.483E−02 1.273E+03 1.317E+03 3.483E−02 4.293E−01 6.000E+00 6.540E+02 2.857E+00 3.500E−01 1.294E+03 1.333E+03 3.006E−02 1.294E+03 1.333E+03 3.006E−02 5.065E−01 7.000E+00 7.630E+02 3.244E+00 3.083E−01 1.311E+03 1.346E+03 2.653E−02 1.311E+03 1.346E+03 2.653E−02 5.831E−01 8.000E+00 8.720E+02 3.612E+00 2.769E−01 1.325E+03 1.357E+03 2.382E−02 1.325E+03 1.357E+03 2.382E−02 6.592E−01 9.000E+00 9.810E+02 3.961E+00 2.525E−01 1.337E+03 1.366E+03 2.170E−02 1.337E+03 1.366E+03 2.170E−02 7.347E−01 1.000E+01 1.090E+03 4.293E+00 2.329E−01 1.348E+03 1.375E+03 2.002E−02 1.348E+03 1.375E+03 2.002E−02 8.096E−01 1.500E+01 1.635E+03 5.739E+00 1.742E−01 1.394E+03 1.416E+03 1.538E−02 1.394E+03 1.416E+03 1.538E−02 1.174E+00 2.000E+01 2.180E+03 6.900E+00 1.449E−01 1.435E+03 1.455E+03 1.398E−02 1.435E+03 1.455E+03 1.398E−02 1.520E+00 3.000E+01 3.270E+03 8.636E+00 1.158E−01 1.512E+03 1.535E+03 1.532E−02 1.512E+03 1.535E+03 1.532E−02 2.163E+00 4.000E+01 4.360E+03 9.856E+00 1.015E−01 1.586E+03 1.617E+03 1.919E−02 1.586E+03 1.617E+03 1.919E−02 2.749E+00 5.000E+01 5.450E+03 1.074E+01 9.307E−02 1.657E+03 1.697E+03 2.413E−02 1.655E+03 1.694E+03 2.353E−02 3.288E+00 6.000E+01 6.540E+03 1.141E+01 8.765E−02 1.725E+03 1.776E+03 2.949E−02 1.706E+03 1.749E+03 2.507E−02 3.791E+00 7.000E+01 7.630E+03 1.191E+01 8.394E−02 1.790E+03 1.853E+03 3.495E−02 1.746E+03 1.790E+03 2.547E−02 4.262E+00 8.000E+01 8.720E+03 1.230E+01 8.128E−02 1.852E+03 1.927E+03 4.032E−02 1.780E+03 1.825E+03 2.561E−02 4.708E+00 9.000E+01 9.810E+03 1.261E+01 7.932E−02 1.912E+03 1.999E+03 4.552E−02 1.809E+03 1.856E+03 2.576E−02 5.131E+00 1.000E+02 1.090E+04 1.284E+01 7.786E−02 1.969E+03 2.069E+03 5.052E−02 1.837E+03 1.885E+03 2.601E−02 5.535E+00 1.500E+02 1.635E+04 1.361E+01 7.347E−02 2.227E+03 2.387E+03 7.198E−02 1.957E+03 2.014E+03 2.913E−02 7.340E+00 2.000E+02 2.180E+04 1.425E+01 7.019E−02 2.450E+03 2.666E+03 8.832E−02 2.064E+03 2.135E+03 3.436E−02 8.897E+00 3.000E+02 3.270E+04 1.526E+01 6.551E−02 2.825E+03 3.138E+03 1.108E−01 2.257E+03 2.363E+03 4.699E−02 1.157E+01 4.000E+02 4.360E+04 1.604E+01 6.234E−02 3.137E+03 3.529E+03 1.248E−01 2.428E+03 2.571E+03 5.898E−02 1.389E+01

E/A

keV/A E

keV Iav

nm−1 mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

4.000E+02 4.360E+04 1.604E+01 6.234E−02 3.137E+03 3.529E+03 1.248E−01 2.428E+03 2.571E+03 5.898E−02 1.389E+01 5.000E+02 5.450E+04 1.666E+01 6.002E−02 3.407E+03 3.863E+03 1.336E−01 2.583E+03 2.761E+03 6.915E−02 1.599E+01 6.000E+02 6.540E+04 1.717E+01 5.824E−02 3.646E+03 4.153E+03 1.392E−01 2.723E+03 2.933E+03 7.723E−02 1.793E+01 7.000E+02 7.630E+04 1.760E+01 5.683E−02 3.859E+03 4.409E+03 1.426E−01 2.850E+03 3.088E+03 8.353E−02 1.977E+01 8.000E+02 8.720E+04 1.796E+01 5.569E−02 4.051E+03 4.637E+03 1.444E−01 2.967E+03 3.229E+03 8.825E−02 2.152E+01 9.000E+02 9.810E+04 1.826E+01 5.475E−02 4.227E+03 4.840E+03 1.450E−01 3.073E+03 3.355E+03 9.162E−02 2.320E+01 1.000E+03 1.090E+05 1.853E+01 5.397E−02 4.388E+03 5.023E+03 1.448E−01 3.171E+03 3.469E+03 9.390E−02 2.484E+01 1.500E+03 1.635E+05 1.939E+01 5.158E−02 5.022E+03 5.705E+03 1.359E−01 3.550E+03 3.883E+03 9.393E−02 3.255E+01 2.000E+03 2.180E+05 1.974E+01 5.067E−02 5.452E+03 6.114E+03 1.214E−01 3.783E+03 4.102E+03 8.423E−02 3.993E+01 3.000E+03 3.270E+05 1.969E+01 5.078E−02 5.963E+03 6.521E+03 9.361E−02 3.993E+03 4.243E+03 6.264E−02 5.484E+01 4.000E+03 4.360E+05 1.925E+01 5.194E−02 6.219E+03 6.676E+03 7.342E−02 4.021E+03 4.217E+03 4.868E−02 7.011E+01 5.000E+03 5.450E+05 1.868E+01 5.355E−02 6.340E+03 6.716E+03 5.925E−02 3.964E+03 4.129E+03 4.185E−02 8.597E+01 6.000E+03 6.540E+05 1.806E+01 5.538E−02 6.382E+03 6.697E+03 4.929E−02 3.892E+03 4.040E+03 3.821E−02 1.025E+02 7.000E+03 7.630E+05 1.744E+01 5.735E−02 6.375E+03 6.645E+03 4.231E−02 3.817E+03 3.955E+03 3.632E−02 1.197E+02 8.000E+03 8.720E+05 1.684E+01 5.940E−02 6.337E+03 6.575E+03 3.749E−02 3.741E+03 3.874E+03 3.563E−02 1.376E+02 9.000E+03 9.810E+05 1.626E+01 6.150E−02 6.278E+03 6.493E+03 3.428E−02 3.665E+03 3.796E+03 3.581E−02 1.563E+02 1.000E+04 1.090E+06 1.571E+01 6.364E−02 6.206E+03 6.406E+03 3.231E−02 3.591E+03 3.722E+03 3.665E−02 1.757E+02 1.500E+04 1.635E+06 1.341E+01 7.457E−02 5.767E+03 5.959E+03 3.325E−02 3.249E+03 3.400E+03 4.626E−02 2.836E+02 2.000E+04 2.180E+06 1.167E+01 8.568E−02 5.323E+03 5.552E+03 4.297E−02 2.962E+03 3.140E+03 5.986E−02 4.098E+02 3.000E+04 3.270E+06 9.257E+00 1.080E−01 4.574E+03 4.896E+03 7.038E−02 2.522E+03 2.747E+03 8.908E−02 7.154E+02 4.000E+04 4.360E+06 7.663E+00 1.305E−01 4.000E+03 4.400E+03 1.000E−01 2.203E+03 2.461E+03 1.168E−01 1.091E+03 5.000E+04 5.450E+06 6.577E+00 1.521E−01 3.578E+03 4.024E+03 1.246E−01 1.967E+03 2.245E+03 1.417E−01 1.523E+03 6.000E+04 6.540E+06 5.776E+00 1.731E−01 3.249E+03 3.724E+03 1.464E−01 1.782E+03 2.074E+03 1.643E−01 2.014E+03 7.000E+04 7.630E+06 5.159E+00 1.938E−01 2.983E+03 3.478E+03 1.660E−01 1.632E+03 1.934E+03 1.849E−01 2.559E+03 8.000E+04 8.720E+06 4.669E+00 2.142E−01 2.764E+03 3.272E+03 1.837E−01 1.509E+03 1.817E+03 2.037E−01 3.156E+03 9.000E+04 9.810E+06 4.270E+00 2.342E−01 2.580E+03 3.095E+03 1.997E−01 1.406E+03 1.717E+03 2.211E−01 3.804E+03 1.000E+05 1.090E+07 3.939E+00 2.539E−01 2.423E+03 2.942E+03 2.142E−01 1.318E+03 1.630E+03 2.370E−01 4.501E+03 1.500E+05 1.635E+07 2.873E+00 3.481E−01 1.892E+03 2.402E+03 2.697E−01 1.019E+03 1.326E+03 3.007E−01 8.649E+03 2.000E+05 2.180E+07 2.296E+00 4.355E−01 1.584E+03 2.068E+03 3.056E−01 8.465E+02 1.138E+03 3.446E−01 1.377E+04 3.000E+05 3.270E+07 1.690E+00 5.918E−01 1.242E+03 1.669E+03 3.438E−01 6.549E+02 9.141E+02 3.958E−01 2.634E+04 4.000E+05 4.360E+07 1.374E+00 7.276E−01 1.056E+03 1.434E+03 3.584E−01 5.511E+02 7.819E+02 4.189E−01 4.133E+04 5.000E+05 5.450E+07 1.181E+00 8.466E−01 9.383E+02 1.277E+03 3.613E−01 4.861E+02 6.936E+02 4.268E−01 5.812E+04 6.000E+05 6.540E+07 1.051E+00 9.519E−01 8.574E+02 1.164E+03 3.579E−01 4.417E+02 6.299E+02 4.259E−01 7.632E+04 7.000E+05 7.630E+07 9.561E−01 1.046E+00 7.982E+02 1.079E+03 3.512E−01 4.095E+02 5.815E+02 4.199E−01 9.564E+04 8.000E+05 8.720E+07 8.846E−01 1.130E+00 7.531E+02 1.011E+03 3.428E−01 3.851E+02 5.434E+02 4.109E−01 1.158E+05 9.000E+05 9.810E+07 8.284E−01 1.207E+00 7.175E+02 9.567E+02 3.334E−01 3.661E+02 5.126E+02 4.002E−01 1.368E+05 1.000E+06 1.090E+08 7.831E−01 1.277E+00 6.887E+02 9.117E+02 3.237E−01 3.508E+02 4.871E+02 3.885E−01 1.583E+05

TIN-118 IONS: A=118 Z=50 (a) Instantaneous Data

∆M=−91.65360 MeV Mc2=1.0982E+05 MeV

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

1.000E−01 1.180E+01 2.149E−07 0.000E+00 1.462E−01 6.839E+00 7.896E+02 7.896E+02 2.600E−02 3.882E+02 1.500E−01 1.770E+01 3.223E−07 0.000E+00 2.198E−01 4.549E+00 9.049E+02 9.049E+02 3.288E−02 3.333E+02 2.000E−01 2.360E+01 4.298E−07 0.000E+00 2.801E−01 3.570E+00 9.744E+02 9.744E+02 3.911E−02 2.996E+02 3.000E−01 3.540E+01 6.447E−07 0.000E+00 4.186E−01 2.389E+00 1.088E+03 1.088E+03 5.043E−02 2.585E+02 4.000E−01 4.720E+01 8.596E−07 0.000E+00 5.311E−01 1.883E+00 1.154E+03 1.154E+03 6.088E−02 2.333E+02 5.000E−01 5.900E+01 1.074E−06 0.000E+00 6.532E−01 1.531E+00 1.208E+03 1.208E+03 7.079E−02 2.158E+02 6.000E−01 7.080E+01 1.289E−06 0.000E+00 7.875E−01 1.270E+00 1.254E+03 1.254E+03 8.032E−02 2.026E+02 7.000E−01 8.260E+01 1.504E−06 0.000E+00 8.890E−01 1.125E+00 1.283E+03 1.283E+03 8.959E−02 1.923E+02 8.000E−01 9.440E+01 1.719E−06 0.000E+00 9.937E−01 1.006E+00 1.307E+03 1.307E+03 9.865E−02 1.838E+02 9.000E−01 1.062E+02 1.934E−06 0.000E+00 1.102E+00 9.071E−01 1.329E+03 1.329E+03 1.075E−01 1.767E+02

1.707E+02 1.500E+00 1.770E+02 3.223E−06 0.000E+00 1.775E+00 5.632E−01 1.412E+03 1.412E+03 1.588E−01 1.498E+02 2.000E+00 2.360E+02 4.298E−06 0.000E+00 2.216E+00 4.512E−01 1.440E+03 1.440E+03 2.001E−01 1.370E+02 3.000E+00 3.540E+02 6.447E−06 0.000E+00 3.181E+00 3.144E−01 1.472E+03 1.472E+03 2.809E−01 1.213E+02 4.000E+00 4.720E+02 8.595E−06 0.000E+00 3.920E+00 2.551E−01 1.486E+03 1.486E+03 3.606E−01 1.117E+02 5.000E+00 5.900E+02 1.074E−05 0.000E+00 4.681E+00 2.136E−01 1.496E+03 1.496E+03 4.396E−01 1.051E+02 6.000E+00 7.080E+02 1.289E−05 0.000E+00 5.473E+00 1.827E−01 1.506E+03 1.506E+03 5.182E−01 1.000E+02 7.000E+00 8.260E+02 1.504E−05 0.000E+00 6.043E+00 1.655E−01 1.514E+03 1.514E+03 5.963E−01 9.609E+01 8.000E+00 9.440E+02 1.719E−05 0.000E+00 6.605E+00 1.514E−01 1.523E+03 1.523E+03 6.739E−01 9.287E+01 9.000E+00 1.062E+03 1.934E−05 0.000E+00 7.163E+00 1.396E−01 1.534E+03 1.534E+03 7.509E−01 9.018E+01 1.000E+01 1.180E+03 2.149E−05 0.000E+00 7.717E+00 1.296E−01 1.546E+03 1.546E+03 8.274E−01 8.788E+01 1.500E+01 1.770E+03 3.223E−05 0.000E+00 1.009E+01 9.910E−02 1.620E+03 1.620E+03 1.200E+00 7.992E+01 2.000E+01 2.360E+03 4.298E−05 0.000E+00 1.159E+01 8.631E−02 1.690E+03 1.690E+03 1.555E+00 7.503E+01 3.000E+01 3.540E+03 6.446E−05 0.000E+00 1.394E+01 7.172E−02 1.866E+03 1.866E+03 2.217E+00 6.908E+01 4.000E+01 4.720E+03 8.595E−05 0.000E+00 1.510E+01 6.624E−02 2.012E+03 2.012E+03 2.822E+00 6.543E+01 5.000E+01 5.900E+03 1.074E−04 0.000E+00 1.585E+01 6.309E−02 2.168E+03 2.122E+03 3.381E+00 6.289E+01 6.000E+01 7.080E+03 1.289E−04 0.000E+00 1.629E+01 6.140E−02 2.336E+03 2.138E+03 3.902E+00 6.098E+01 7.000E+01 8.260E+03 1.504E−04 0.000E+00 1.643E+01 6.087E−02 2.459E+03 2.162E+03 4.391E+00 5.948E+01 8.000E+01 9.440E+03 1.719E−04 0.000E+00 1.646E+01 6.075E−02 2.583E+03 2.194E+03 4.854E+00 5.825E+01 9.000E+01 1.062E+04 1.934E−04 0.000E+00 1.641E+01 6.095E−02 2.707E+03 2.233E+03 5.294E+00 5.723E+01 1.000E+02 1.180E+04 2.149E−04 0.000E+00 1.628E+01 6.143E−02 2.834E+03 2.279E+03 5.714E+00 5.635E+01 1.500E+02 1.770E+04 3.223E−04 0.000E+00 1.717E+01 5.825E−02 3.408E+03 2.535E+03 7.593E+00 5.332E+01 2.000E+02 2.360E+04 4.296E−04 0.000E+00 1.828E+01 5.470E−02 3.814E+03 2.751E+03 9.215E+00 5.146E+01 3.000E+02 3.540E+04 6.444E−04 0.000E+00 2.007E+01 4.982E−02 4.594E+03 3.212E+03 1.200E+01 4.919E+01 4.000E+02 4.720E+04 8.590E−04 0.000E+00 2.106E+01 4.748E−02 5.113E+03 3.541E+03 1.441E+01 4.781E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

4.000E+02 4.720E+04 8.590E−04 0.000E+00 2.106E+01 4.748E−02 5.113E+03 3.541E+03 1.441E+01 4.781E+01 5.000E+02 5.900E+04 1.074E−03 0.000E+00 2.184E+01 4.578E−02 5.591E+03 3.853E+03 1.659E+01 4.684E+01 6.000E+02 7.080E+04 1.288E−03 0.000E+00 2.245E+01 4.454E−02 6.035E+03 4.146E+03 1.861E+01 4.611E+01 7.000E+02 8.260E+04 1.503E−03 0.000E+00 2.279E+01 4.389E−02 6.325E+03 4.336E+03 2.051E+01 4.554E+01 8.000E+02 9.440E+04 1.717E−03 0.000E+00 2.304E+01 4.341E−02 6.588E+03 4.508E+03 2.233E+01 4.507E+01 9.000E+02 1.062E+05 1.931E−03 0.000E+00 2.321E+01 4.308E−02 6.826E+03 4.660E+03 2.407E+01 4.468E+01 1.000E+03 1.180E+05 2.145E−03 0.000E+00 2.332E+01 4.288E−02 7.040E+03 4.794E+03 2.576E+01 4.435E+01 1.500E+03 1.770E+05 3.216E−03 0.000E+00 2.312E+01 4.325E−02 7.628E+03 5.106E+03 3.369E+01 4.319E+01 2.000E+03 2.360E+05 4.284E−03 1.147E+05 2.201E+01 4.543E−02 7.818E+03 5.063E+03 4.128E+01 4.249E+01 3.000E+03 3.540E+05 6.416E−03 1.041E+05 2.010E+01 4.974E−02 7.772E+03 4.741E+03 5.640E+01 4.162E+01 4.000E+03 4.720E+05 8.540E−03 9.415E+04 1.820E+01 5.494E−02 7.544E+03 4.280E+03 7.185E+01 4.109E+01 5.000E+03 5.900E+05 1.066E−02 8.672E+04 1.674E+01 5.975E−02 7.279E+03 3.883E+03 8.783E+01 4.073E+01 6.000E+03 7.080E+05 1.277E−02 8.175E+04 1.575E+01 6.351E−02 7.064E+03 3.763E+03 1.044E+02 4.045E+01 7.000E+03 8.260E+05 1.487E−02 7.530E+04 1.445E+01 6.921E−02 6.743E+03 3.587E+03 1.217E+02 4.023E+01 8.000E+03 9.440E+05 1.697E−02 7.114E+04 1.361E+01 7.348E−02 6.512E+03 3.463E+03 1.396E+02 4.005E+01 9.000E+03 1.062E+06 1.906E−02 6.728E+04 1.283E+01 7.796E−02 6.282E+03 3.341E+03 1.582E+02 3.991E+01 1.000E+04 1.180E+06 2.115E−02 6.366E+04 1.210E+01 8.267E−02 6.053E+03 3.221E+03 1.775E+02 3.978E+01 1.500E+04 1.770E+06 3.147E−02 5.188E+04 9.714E+00 1.029E−01 5.220E+03 2.787E+03 2.844E+02 3.934E+01 2.000E+04 2.360E+06 4.163E−02 4.283E+04 7.890E+00 1.267E−01 4.492E+03 2.413E+03 4.086E+02 3.907E+01 3.000E+04 3.540E+06 6.148E−02 3.343E+04 6.010E+00 1.664E−01 3.653E+03 1.987E+03 7.081E+02 3.874E+01 4.000E+04 4.720E+06 8.072E−02 2.674E+04 4.682E+00 2.136E−01 3.001E+03 1.658E+03 1.074E+03 3.854E+01 5.000E+04 5.900E+06 9.937E−02 2.263E+04 4.001E+00 2.500E−01 2.661E+03 1.445E+03 1.494E+03 3.840E+01 6.000E+04 7.080E+06 1.175E−01 2.024E+04 3.566E+00 2.804E−01 2.428E+03 1.316E+03 1.970E+03 3.829E+01

3.821E+01 8.000E+04 9.440E+06 1.520E−01 1.586E+04 2.783E+00 3.593E−01 1.991E+03 1.070E+03 3.073E+03 3.814E+01 9.000E+04 1.062E+07 1.686E−01 1.448E+04 2.539E+00 3.939E−01 1.849E+03 9.903E+02 3.698E+03 3.809E+01 1.000E+05 1.180E+07 1.846E−01 1.328E+04 2.327E+00 4.297E−01 1.723E+03 9.195E+02 4.368E+03 3.804E+01 1.500E+05 1.770E+07 2.583E−01 9.907E+03 1.736E+00 5.761E−01 1.358E+03 7.139E+02 8.350E+03 3.787E+01 2.000E+05 2.360E+07 3.225E−01 7.807E+03 1.368E+00 7.310E−01 1.121E+03 5.807E+02 1.326E+04 3.777E+01 3.000E+05 3.540E+07 4.281E−01 6.012E+03 1.052E+00 9.502E−01 9.092E+02 4.637E+02 2.530E+04 3.764E+01 4.000E+05 4.720E+07 5.108E−01 4.942E+03 8.622E−01 1.160E+00 7.787E+02 3.927E+02 3.963E+04 3.757E+01 5.000E+05 5.900E+07 5.768E−01 4.364E+03 7.579E−01 1.319E+00 7.065E+02 3.543E+02 5.570E+04 3.751E+01 6.000E+05 7.080E+07 6.303E−01 4.054E+03 7.012E−01 1.426E+00 6.674E+02 3.340E+02 7.311E+04 3.747E+01 7.000E+05 8.260E+07 6.743E−01 3.721E+03 6.391E−01 1.565E+00 6.249E+02 3.124E+02 9.159E+04 3.744E+01 8.000E+05 9.440E+07 7.108E−01 3.541E+03 6.049E−01 1.653E+00 6.018E+02 3.010E+02 1.109E+05 3.742E+01 9.000E+05 1.062E+08 7.415E−01 3.393E+03 5.764E−01 1.735E+00 5.830E+02 2.920E+02 1.309E+05 3.739E+01 1.000E+06 1.180E+08 7.676E−01 3.271E+03 5.523E−01 1.811E+00 5.674E+02 2.848E+02 1.516E+05 3.738E+01

(b) Equilibrium Values

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

1.000E−01 1.180E+01 5.725E−02 1.747E+01 4.737E+02 5.808E+02 2.260E−01 4.737E+02 5.808E+02 2.260E−01 2.600E−02 1.500E−01 1.770E+01 8.532E−02 1.172E+01 5.568E+02 6.732E+02 2.090E−01 5.568E+02 6.732E+02 2.090E−01 3.288E−02 2.000E−01 2.360E+01 1.133E−01 8.823E+00 6.210E+02 7.421E+02 1.951E−01 6.210E+02 7.421E+02 1.951E−01 3.911E−02 3.000E−01 3.540E+01 1.692E−01 5.910E+00 7.176E+02 8.423E+02 1.737E−01 7.176E+02 8.423E+02 1.737E−01 5.043E−02 4.000E−01 4.720E+01 2.248E−01 4.449E+00 7.897E+02 9.142E+02 1.577E−01 7.897E+02 9.142E+02 1.577E−01 6.088E−02 5.000E−01 5.900E+01 2.800E−01 3.572E+00 8.468E+02 9.696E+02 1.451E−01 8.468E+02 9.696E+02 1.451E−01 7.079E−02 6.000E−01 7.080E+01 3.348E−01 2.987E+00 8.938E+02 1.014E+03 1.347E−01 8.938E+02 1.014E+03 1.347E−01 8.032E−02 7.000E−01 8.260E+01 3.893E−01 2.569E+00 9.336E+02 1.051E+03 1.261E−01 9.336E+02 1.051E+03 1.261E−01 8.959E−02 8.000E−01 9.440E+01 4.435E−01 2.255E+00 9.679E+02 1.083E+03 1.187E−01 9.679E+02 1.083E+03 1.187E−01 9.865E−02 9.000E−01 1.062E+02 4.973E−01 2.011E+00 9.978E+02 1.110E+03 1.122E−01 9.978E+02 1.110E+03 1.122E−01 1.075E−01 1.000E+00 1.180E+02 5.507E−01 1.816E+00 1.024E+03 1.133E+03 1.065E−01 1.024E+03 1.133E+03 1.065E−01 1.163E−01 1.500E+00 1.770E+02 8.128E−01 1.230E+00 1.122E+03 1.218E+03 8.545E−02 1.122E+03 1.218E+03 8.545E−02 1.588E−01 2.000E+00 2.360E+02 1.067E+00 9.373E−01 1.186E+03 1.271E+03 7.171E−02 1.186E+03 1.271E+03 7.171E−02 2.001E−01 3.000E+00 3.540E+02 1.553E+00 6.440E−01 1.265E+03 1.334E+03 5.448E−02 1.265E+03 1.334E+03 5.448E−02 2.809E−01 4.000E+00 4.720E+02 2.012E+00 4.970E−01 1.313E+03 1.371E+03 4.402E−02 1.313E+03 1.371E+03 4.402E−02 3.606E−01 5.000E+00 5.900E+02 2.446E+00 4.088E−01 1.345E+03 1.395E+03 3.699E−02 1.345E+03 1.395E+03 3.699E−02 4.396E−01 6.000E+00 7.080E+02 2.858E+00 3.499E−01 1.369E+03 1.413E+03 3.197E−02 1.369E+03 1.413E+03 3.197E−02 5.182E−01 7.000E+00 8.260E+02 3.249E+00 3.078E−01 1.388E+03 1.427E+03 2.823E−02 1.388E+03 1.427E+03 2.823E−02 5.963E−01 8.000E+00 9.440E+02 3.621E+00 2.762E−01 1.403E+03 1.439E+03 2.535E−02 1.403E+03 1.439E+03 2.535E−02 6.739E−01 9.000E+00 1.062E+03 3.974E+00 2.516E−01 1.416E+03 1.449E+03 2.308E−02 1.416E+03 1.449E+03 2.308E−02 7.509E−01 1.000E+01 1.180E+03 4.312E+00 2.319E−01 1.428E+03 1.458E+03 2.127E−02 1.428E+03 1.458E+03 2.127E−02 8.274E−01 1.500E+01 1.770E+03 5.783E+00 1.729E−01 1.476E+03 1.500E+03 1.614E−02 1.476E+03 1.500E+03 1.614E−02 1.200E+00 2.000E+01 2.360E+03 6.971E+00 1.434E−01 1.518E+03 1.540E+03 1.439E−02 1.518E+03 1.540E+03 1.439E−02 1.555E+00 3.000E+01 3.540E+03 8.758E+00 1.142E−01 1.597E+03 1.621E+03 1.511E−02 1.597E+03 1.621E+03 1.511E−02 2.217E+00 4.000E+01 4.720E+03 1.002E+01 9.979E−02 1.673E+03 1.704E+03 1.845E−02 1.673E+03 1.704E+03 1.845E−02 2.822E+00 5.000E+01 5.900E+03 1.094E+01 9.137E−02 1.745E+03 1.785E+03 2.293E−02 1.743E+03 1.782E+03 2.242E−02 3.381E+00 6.000E+01 7.080E+03 1.164E+01 8.593E−02 1.815E+03 1.865E+03 2.790E−02 1.795E+03 1.837E+03 2.366E−02 3.902E+00 7.000E+01 8.260E+03 1.217E+01 8.219E−02 1.881E+03 1.943E+03 3.305E−02 1.834E+03 1.878E+03 2.387E−02 4.391E+00 8.000E+01 9.440E+03 1.258E+01 7.952E−02 1.945E+03 2.019E+03 3.817E−02 1.868E+03 1.912E+03 2.387E−02 4.854E+00 9.000E+01 1.062E+04 1.290E+01 7.755E−02 2.006E+03 2.093E+03 4.316E−02 1.897E+03 1.943E+03 2.390E−02 5.294E+00 1.000E+02 1.180E+04 1.315E+01 7.606E−02 2.065E+03 2.164E+03 4.798E−02 1.925E+03 1.971E+03 2.405E−02 5.714E+00 1.500E+02 1.770E+04 1.396E+01 7.163E−02 2.331E+03 2.491E+03 6.890E−02 2.044E+03 2.099E+03 2.672E−02 7.593E+00 2.000E+02 2.360E+04 1.464E+01 6.832E−02 2.561E+03 2.779E+03 8.519E−02 2.152E+03 2.220E+03 3.172E−02 9.215E+00 3.000E+02 3.540E+04 1.572E+01 6.363E−02 2.949E+03 3.267E+03 1.078E−01 2.347E+03 2.451E+03 4.407E−02 1.200E+01 4.000E+02 4.720E+04 1.654E+01 6.045E−02 3.274E+03 3.674E+03 1.221E−01 2.523E+03 2.665E+03 5.617E−02 1.441E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

4.000E+02 4.720E+04 1.654E+01 6.045E−02 3.274E+03 3.674E+03 1.221E−01 2.523E+03 2.665E+03 5.617E−02 1.441E+01 5.000E+02 5.900E+04 1.720E+01 5.814E−02 3.555E+03 4.022E+03 1.314E−01 2.683E+03 2.861E+03 6.658E−02 1.659E+01 6.000E+02 7.080E+04 1.774E+01 5.636E−02 3.803E+03 4.326E+03 1.375E−01 2.828E+03 3.040E+03 7.508E−02 1.861E+01 7.000E+02 8.260E+04 1.820E+01 5.495E−02 4.026E+03 4.594E+03 1.413E−01 2.960E+03 3.202E+03 8.180E−02 2.051E+01 8.000E+02 9.440E+04 1.859E+01 5.380E−02 4.227E+03 4.834E+03 1.435E−01 3.082E+03 3.350E+03 8.696E−02 2.233E+01 9.000E+02 1.062E+05 1.892E+01 5.286E−02 4.411E+03 5.049E+03 1.445E−01 3.193E+03 3.483E+03 9.080E−02 2.407E+01 1.000E+03 1.180E+05 1.921E+01 5.207E−02 4.580E+03 5.243E+03 1.447E−01 3.296E+03 3.604E+03 9.350E−02 2.576E+01 1.500E+03 1.770E+05 2.016E+01 4.960E−02 5.252E+03 5.974E+03 1.374E−01 3.700E+03 4.054E+03 9.552E−02 3.369E+01 2.000E+03 2.360E+05 2.059E+01 4.857E−02 5.717E+03 6.426E+03 1.241E−01 3.959E+03 4.304E+03 8.713E−02 4.128E+01 3.000E+03 3.540E+05 2.065E+01 4.842E−02 6.277E+03 6.886E+03 9.706E−02 4.204E+03 4.482E+03 6.599E−02 5.640E+01 4.000E+03 4.720E+05 2.027E+01 4.933E−02 6.570E+03 7.075E+03 7.682E−02 4.259E+03 4.477E+03 5.126E−02 7.185E+01 5.000E+03 5.900E+05 1.973E+01 5.068E−02 6.718E+03 7.137E+03 6.231E−02 4.216E+03 4.399E+03 4.332E−02 8.783E+01 6.000E+03 7.080E+05 1.913E+01 5.226E−02 6.782E+03 7.134E+03 5.191E−02 4.149E+03 4.311E+03 3.905E−02 1.044E+02 7.000E+03 8.260E+05 1.853E+01 5.398E−02 6.791E+03 7.092E+03 4.446E−02 4.077E+03 4.226E+03 3.659E−02 1.217E+02 8.000E+03 9.440E+05 1.793E+01 5.577E−02 6.765E+03 7.029E+03 3.915E−02 4.004E+03 4.145E+03 3.537E−02 1.396E+02 9.000E+03 1.062E+06 1.736E+01 5.762E−02 6.715E+03 6.954E+03 3.546E−02 3.930E+03 4.067E+03 3.505E−02 1.582E+02 1.000E+04 1.180E+06 1.681E+01 5.950E−02 6.651E+03 6.870E+03 3.286E−02 3.857E+03 3.993E+03 3.526E−02 1.775E+02 1.500E+04 1.770E+06 1.445E+01 6.919E−02 6.226E+03 6.424E+03 3.191E−02 3.513E+03 3.664E+03 4.306E−02 2.844E+02 2.000E+04 2.360E+06 1.265E+01 7.904E−02 5.778E+03 6.008E+03 3.976E−02 3.219E+03 3.396E+03 5.492E−02 4.086E+02 3.000E+04 3.540E+06 1.011E+01 9.889E−02 5.003E+03 5.325E+03 6.444E−02 2.761E+03 2.986E+03 8.164E−02 7.081E+02 4.000E+04 4.720E+06 8.416E+00 1.188E−01 4.398E+03 4.802E+03 9.200E−02 2.424E+03 2.685E+03 1.076E−01 1.074E+03 5.000E+04 5.900E+06 7.258E+00 1.378E−01 3.953E+03 4.405E+03 1.144E−01 2.171E+03 2.456E+03 1.310E−01 1.494E+03 6.000E+04 7.080E+06 6.393E+00 1.564E−01 3.599E+03 4.086E+03 1.352E−01 1.973E+03 2.273E+03 1.525E−01 1.970E+03 7.000E+04 8.260E+06 5.724E+00 1.747E−01 3.312E+03 3.822E+03 1.540E−01 1.812E+03 2.124E+03 1.721E−01 2.497E+03 8.000E+04 9.440E+06 5.191E+00 1.927E−01 3.075E+03 3.601E+03 1.709E−01 1.679E+03 1.998E+03 1.901E−01 3.073E+03 9.000E+04 1.062E+07 4.755E+00 2.103E−01 2.875E+03 3.411E+03 1.862E−01 1.567E+03 1.890E+03 2.066E−01 3.698E+03 1.000E+05 1.180E+07 4.393E+00 2.276E−01 2.705E+03 3.246E+03 2.002E−01 1.471E+03 1.797E+03 2.220E−01 4.368E+03 1.500E+05 1.770E+07 3.221E+00 3.105E−01 2.122E+03 2.661E+03 2.540E−01 1.143E+03 1.467E+03 2.835E−01 8.350E+03 2.000E+05 2.360E+07 2.582E+00 3.874E−01 1.782E+03 2.297E+03 2.892E−01 9.520E+02 1.263E+03 3.264E−01 1.326E+04 3.000E+05 3.540E+07 1.904E+00 5.251E−01 1.401E+03 1.860E+03 3.278E−01 7.384E+02 1.017E+03 3.775E−01 2.530E+04 4.000E+05 4.720E+07 1.551E+00 6.447E−01 1.192E+03 1.601E+03 3.432E−01 6.222E+02 8.718E+02 4.012E−01 3.963E+04 5.000E+05 5.900E+07 1.334E+00 7.496E−01 1.060E+03 1.428E+03 3.469E−01 5.492E+02 7.744E+02 4.099E−01 5.570E+04 6.000E+05 7.080E+07 1.187E+00 8.425E−01 9.691E+02 1.303E+03 3.446E−01 4.993E+02 7.040E+02 4.100E−01 7.311E+04 7.000E+05 8.260E+07 1.081E+00 9.254E−01 9.025E+02 1.208E+03 3.387E−01 4.630E+02 6.504E+02 4.049E−01 9.159E+04 8.000E+05 9.440E+07 9.999E−01 1.000E+00 8.516E+02 1.133E+03 3.310E−01 4.355E+02 6.083E+02 3.967E−01 1.109E+05 9.000E+05 1.062E+08 9.366E−01 1.068E+00 8.114E+02 1.073E+03 3.224E−01 4.140E+02 5.741E+02 3.868E−01 1.309E+05 1.000E+06 1.180E+08 8.854E−01 1.129E+00 7.790E+02 1.023E+03 3.133E−01 3.968E+02 5.459E+02 3.758E−01 1.516E+05

TIN-120 IONS: A=120 Z=50 (a) Instantaneous Data

∆M=−91.10184 MeV Mc2=1.1169E+05 MeV

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keVµm

L100 keVµm

R µm

W eV

1.000E−01 1.200E+01 2.149E−07 0.000E+00 1.451E−01 6.893E+00 7.889E+02 7.889E+02 2.638E−02 3.882E+02 1.500E−01 1.800E+01 3.223E−07 0.000E+00 2.181E−01 4.585E+00 9.043E+02 9.043E+02 3.337E−02 3.333E+02 2.000E−01 2.400E+01 4.298E−07 0.000E+00 2.779E−01 3.598E+00 9.739E+02 9.739E+02 3.968E−02 2.996E+02 3.000E−01 3.600E+01 6.447E−07 0.000E+00 4.154E−01 2.407E+00 1.088E+03 1.088E+03 5.118E−02 2.585E+02 4.000E−01 4.800E+01 8.595E−07 0.000E+00 5.271E−01 1.897E+00 1.153E+03 1.153E+03 6.179E−02 2.333E+02 5.000E−01 6.000E+01 1.074E−06 0.000E+00 6.483E−01 1.543E+00 1.208E+03 1.208E+03 7.185E−02 2.158E+02 6.000E−01 7.200E+01 1.289E−06 0.000E+00 7.816E−01 1.279E+00 1.254E+03 1.254E+03 8.153E−02 2.026E+02 7.000E−01 8.400E+01 1.504E−06 0.000E+00 8.823E−01 1.133E+00 1.283E+03 1.283E+03 9.094E−02 1.923E+02 8.000E−01 9.600E+01 1.719E−06 0.000E+00 9.863E−01 1.014E+00 1.308E+03 1.308E+03 1.001E−01 1.838E+02

1.767E+02 1.000E+00 1.200E+02 2.149E−06 0.000E+00 1.207E+00 8.287E−01 1.349E+03 1.349E+03 1.181E−01 1.707E+02 1.500E+00 1.800E+02 3.223E−06 0.000E+00 1.763E+00 5.673E−01 1.413E+03 1.413E+03 1.613E−01 1.498E+02 2.000E+00 2.400E+02 4.298E−06 0.000E+00 2.201E+00 4.544E−01 1.441E+03 1.441E+03 2.032E−01 1.370E+02 3.000E+00 3.600E+02 6.446E−06 0.000E+00 3.159E+00 3.165E−01 1.473E+03 1.473E+03 2.853E−01 1.213E+02 4.000E+00 4.800E+02 8.595E−06 0.000E+00 3.894E+00 2.568E−01 1.486E+03 1.486E+03 3.662E−01 1.117E+02 5.000E+00 6.000E+02 1.074E−05 0.000E+00 4.651E+00 2.150E−01 1.496E+03 1.496E+03 4.466E−01 1.051E+02 6.000E+00 7.200E+02 1.289E−05 0.000E+00 5.439E+00 1.838E−01 1.506E+03 1.506E+03 5.264E−01 1.000E+02 7.000E+00 8.400E+02 1.504E−05 0.000E+00 6.006E+00 1.665E−01 1.514E+03 1.514E+03 6.058E−01 9.609E+01 8.000E+00 9.600E+02 1.719E−05 0.000E+00 6.566E+00 1.523E−01 1.523E+03 1.523E+03 6.847E−01 9.287E+01 9.000E+00 1.080E+03 1.934E−05 0.000E+00 7.122E+00 1.404E−01 1.534E+03 1.534E+03 7.630E−01 9.018E+01 1.000E+01 1.200E+03 2.149E−05 0.000E+00 7.674E+00 1.303E−01 1.545E+03 1.545E+03 8.407E−01 8.788E+01 1.500E+01 1.800E+03 3.223E−05 0.000E+00 1.004E+01 9.957E−02 1.618E+03 1.618E+03 1.219E+00 7.992E+01 2.000E+01 2.400E+03 4.298E−05 0.000E+00 1.154E+01 8.667E−02 1.688E+03 1.688E+03 1.581E+00 7.503E+01 3.000E+01 3.600E+03 6.446E−05 0.000E+00 1.390E+01 7.193E−02 1.862E+03 1.862E+03 2.254E+00 6.908E+01 4.000E+01 4.800E+03 8.595E−05 0.000E+00 1.506E+01 6.638E−02 2.007E+03 2.007E+03 2.869E+00 6.543E+01 5.000E+01 6.000E+03 1.074E−04 0.000E+00 1.583E+01 6.318E−02 2.162E+03 2.122E+03 3.437E+00 6.289E+01 6.000E+01 7.200E+03 1.289E−04 0.000E+00 1.627E+01 6.145E−02 2.329E+03 2.137E+03 3.967E+00 6.098E+01 7.000E+01 8.400E+03 1.504E−04 0.000E+00 1.642E+01 6.089E−02 2.451E+03 2.160E+03 4.464E+00 5.948E+01 8.000E+01 9.600E+03 1.719E−04 0.000E+00 1.646E+01 6.074E−02 2.574E+03 2.192E+03 4.935E+00 5.825E+01 9.000E+01 1.080E+04 1.934E−04 0.000E+00 1.641E+01 6.093E−02 2.698E+03 2.230E+03 5.382E+00 5.723E+01 1.000E+02 1.200E+04 2.148E−04 0.000E+00 1.629E+01 6.138E−02 2.824E+03 2.275E+03 5.810E+00 5.635E+01 1.500E+02 1.800E+04 3.222E−04 0.000E+00 1.713E+01 5.838E−02 3.396E+03 2.529E+03 7.720E+00 5.332E+01 2.000E+02 2.400E+04 4.296E−04 0.000E+00 1.824E+01 5.481E−02 3.800E+03 2.743E+03 9.370E+00 5.146E+01 3.000E+02 3.600E+04 6.443E−04 0.000E+00 2.004E+01 4.990E−02 4.578E+03 3.202E+03 1.220E+01 4.919E+01 4.000E+02 4.800E+04 8.590E−04 0.000E+00 2.103E+01 4.755E−02 5.095E+03 3.530E+03 1.466E+01 4.781E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

4.000E+02 4.800E+04 8.590E−04 0.000E+00 2.103E+01 4.755E−02 5.095E+03 3.530E+03 1.466E+01 4.781E+01 5.000E+02 6.000E+04 1.074E−03 0.000E+00 2.181E+01 4.584E−02 5.573E+03 3.841E+03 1.687E+01 4.684E+01 6.000E+02 7.200E+04 1.288E−03 0.000E+00 2.243E+01 4.458E−02 6.017E+03 4.134E+03 1.893E+01 4.611E+01 7.000E+02 8.400E+04 1.502E−03 0.000E+00 2.277E+01 4.392E−02 6.307E+03 4.325E+03 2.086E+01 4.554E+01 8.000E+02 9.600E+04 1.717E−03 0.000E+00 2.302E+01 4.344E−02 6.570E+03 4.496E+03 2.270E+01 4.507E+01 9.000E+02 1.080E+05 1.931E−03 0.000E+00 2.320E+01 4.310E−02 6.809E+03 4.650E+03 2.448E+01 4.468E+01 1.000E+03 1.200E+05 2.145E−03 0.000E+00 2.332E+01 4.289E−02 7.024E+03 4.784E+03 2.619E+01 4.435E+01 1.500E+03 1.800E+05 3.215E−03 0.000E+00 2.301E+01 4.345E−02 7.681E+03 5.123E+03 3.426E+01 4.319E+01 2.000E+03 2.400E+05 4.284E−03 1.149E+05 2.205E+01 4.535E−02 7.816E+03 5.067E+03 4.198E+01 4.249E+01 3.000E+03 3.600E+05 6.415E−03 1.026E+05 1.982E+01 5.045E−02 7.748E+03 4.681E+03 5.735E+01 4.162E+01 4.000E+03 4.800E+05 8.540E−03 9.442E+04 1.826E+01 5.478E−02 7.552E+03 4.294E+03 7.306E+01 4.109E+01 5.000E+03 6.000E+05 1.066E−02 8.700E+04 1.679E+01 5.955E−02 7.290E+03 3.889E+03 8.931E+01 4.073E+01 6.000E+03 7.200E+05 1.277E−02 8.010E+04 1.541E+01 6.488E−02 6.986E+03 3.720E+03 1.062E+02 4.045E+01 7.000E+03 8.400E+05 1.487E−02 7.558E+04 1.450E+01 6.894E−02 6.758E+03 3.595E+03 1.237E+02 4.023E+01 8.000E+03 9.600E+05 1.697E−02 7.142E+04 1.367E+01 7.318E−02 6.528E+03 3.472E+03 1.419E+02 4.005E+01 9.000E+03 1.080E+06 1.906E−02 6.755E+04 1.288E+01 7.762E−02 6.299E+03 3.350E+03 1.609E+02 3.991E+01 1.000E+04 1.200E+06 2.115E−02 6.394E+04 1.215E+01 8.229E−02 6.071E+03 3.230E+03 1.805E+02 3.978E+01 1.500E+04 1.800E+06 3.147E−02 5.041E+04 9.418E+00 1.062E−01 5.107E+03 2.729E+03 2.892E+02 3.934E+01 2.000E+04 2.400E+06 4.163E−02 4.306E+04 7.936E+00 1.260E−01 4.511E+03 2.423E+03 4.156E+02 3.907E+01 3.000E+04 3.600E+06 6.148E−02 3.232E+04 5.788E+00 1.728E−01 3.548E+03 1.934E+03 7.201E+02 3.874E+01 4.000E+04 4.800E+06 8.071E−02 2.690E+04 4.714E+00 2.121E−01 3.018E+03 1.666E+03 1.092E+03 3.854E+01 5.000E+04 6.000E+06 9.937E−02 2.278E+04 4.027E+00 2.483E−01 2.675E+03 1.452E+03 1.520E+03 3.840E+01

3.829E+01 7.000E+04 8.400E+06 1.350E−01 1.758E+04 3.089E+00 3.237E−01 2.165E+03 1.168E+03 2.539E+03 3.821E+01 8.000E+04 9.600E+06 1.520E−01 1.596E+04 2.801E+00 3.570E−01 2.002E+03 1.076E+03 3.125E+03 3.814E+01 9.000E+04 1.080E+07 1.686E−01 1.458E+04 2.556E+00 3.913E−01 1.859E+03 9.959E+02 3.760E+03 3.809E+01 1.000E+05 1.200E+07 1.846E−01 1.337E+04 2.343E+00 4.268E−01 1.733E+03 9.247E+02 4.442E+03 3.804E+01 1.500E+05 1.800E+07 2.583E−01 9.972E+03 1.747E+00 5.724E−01 1.366E+03 7.179E+02 8.492E+03 3.787E+01 2.000E+05 2.400E+07 3.225E−01 7.855E+03 1.376E+00 7.265E−01 1.126E+03 5.838E+02 1.348E+04 3.777E+01 3.000E+05 3.600E+07 4.281E−01 6.045E+03 1.058E+00 9.449E−01 9.132E+02 4.659E+02 2.573E+04 3.764E+01 4.000E+05 4.800E+07 5.108E−01 4.966E+03 8.665E−01 1.154E+00 7.816E+02 3.943E+02 4.030E+04 3.757E+01 5.000E+05 6.000E+07 5.768E−01 4.383E+03 7.614E−01 1.313E+00 7.089E+02 3.556E+02 5.664E+04 3.751E+01 6.000E+05 7.200E+07 6.303E−01 4.070E+03 7.042E−01 1.420E+00 6.694E+02 3.350E+02 7.435E+04 3.747E+01 7.000E+05 8.400E+07 6.742E−01 3.734E+03 6.416E−01 1.559E+00 6.266E+02 3.132E+02 9.314E+04 3.744E+01 8.000E+05 9.600E+07 7.108E−01 3.552E+03 6.071E−01 1.647E+00 6.033E+02 3.018E+02 1.128E+05 3.742E+01 9.000E+05 1.080E+08 7.415E−01 3.403E+03 5.783E−01 1.729E+00 5.843E+02 2.926E+02 1.332E+05 3.739E+01 1.000E+06 1.200E+08 7.676E−01 3.280E+03 5.540E−01 1.805E+00 5.685E+02 2.853E+02 1.541E+05 3.738E+01

(b) Equilibrium Values

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

1.000E−01 1.200E+01 5.723E−02 1.747E+01 4.745E+02 5.819E+02 2.264E−01 4.745E+02 5.819E+02 2.264E−01 2.638E−02 1.500E−01 1.800E+01 8.529E−02 1.172E+01 5.578E+02 6.745E+02 2.093E−01 5.578E+02 6.745E+02 2.093E−01 3.337E−02 2.000E−01 2.400E+01 1.133E−01 8.825E+00 6.220E+02 7.435E+02 1.953E−01 6.220E+02 7.435E+02 1.953E−01 3.968E−02 3.000E−01 3.600E+01 1.692E−01 5.911E+00 7.189E+02 8.438E+02 1.738E−01 7.189E+02 8.438E+02 1.738E−01 5.118E−02 4.000E−01 4.800E+01 2.247E−01 4.450E+00 7.910E+02 9.158E+02 1.577E−01 7.910E+02 9.158E+02 1.577E−01 6.179E−02 5.000E−01 6.000E+01 2.800E−01 3.572E+00 8.482E+02 9.712E+02 1.451E−01 8.482E+02 9.712E+02 1.451E−01 7.185E−02 6.000E−01 7.200E+01 3.348E−01 2.987E+00 8.953E+02 1.016E+03 1.348E−01 8.953E+02 1.016E+03 1.348E−01 8.153E−02 7.000E−01 8.400E+01 3.893E−01 2.568E+00 9.351E+02 1.053E+03 1.261E−01 9.351E+02 1.053E+03 1.261E−01 9.094E−02 8.000E−01 9.600E+01 4.435E−01 2.255E+00 9.694E+02 1.084E+03 1.186E−01 9.694E+02 1.084E+03 1.186E−01 1.001E−01 9.000E−01 1.080E+02 4.973E−01 2.011E+00 9.994E+02 1.112E+03 1.122E−01 9.994E+02 1.112E+03 1.122E−01 1.092E−01 1.000E+00 1.200E+02 5.507E−01 1.816E+00 1.026E+03 1.135E+03 1.064E−01 1.026E+03 1.135E+03 1.064E−01 1.181E−01 1.500E+00 1.800E+02 8.129E−01 1.230E+00 1.124E+03 1.220E+03 8.540E−02 1.124E+03 1.220E+03 8.540E−02 1.613E−01 2.000E+00 2.400E+02 1.067E+00 9.372E−01 1.188E+03 1.273E+03 7.164E−02 1.188E+03 1.273E+03 7.164E−02 2.032E−01 3.000E+00 3.600E+02 1.553E+00 6.438E−01 1.267E+03 1.336E+03 5.441E−02 1.267E+03 1.336E+03 5.441E−02 2.853E−01 4.000E+00 4.800E+02 2.012E+00 4.970E−01 1.315E+03 1.372E+03 4.394E−02 1.315E+03 1.372E+03 4.394E−02 3.662E−01 5.000E+00 6.000E+02 2.447E+00 4.087E−01 1.347E+03 1.397E+03 3.691E−02 1.347E+03 1.397E+03 3.691E−02 4.466E−01 6.000E+00 7.200E+02 2.859E+00 3.498E−01 1.371E+03 1.414E+03 3.189E−02 1.371E+03 1.414E+03 3.189E−02 5.264E−01 7.000E+00 8.400E+02 3.250E+00 3.077E−01 1.389E+03 1.428E+03 2.815E−02 1.389E+03 1.428E+03 2.815E−02 6.058E−01 8.000E+00 9.600E+02 3.621E+00 2.761E−01 1.404E+03 1.440E+03 2.528E−02 1.404E+03 1.440E+03 2.528E−02 6.847E−01 9.000E+00 1.080E+03 3.975E+00 2.516E−01 1.418E+03 1.450E+03 2.301E−02 1.418E+03 1.450E+03 2.301E−02 7.630E−01 1.000E+01 1.200E+03 4.322E+00 2.314E−01 1.431E+03 1.460E+03 1.992E−02 1.431E+03 1.460E+03 1.992E−02 8.407E−01 1.500E+01 1.800E+03 5.784E+00 1.729E−01 1.477E+03 1.501E+03 1.608E−02 1.477E+03 1.501E+03 1.608E−02 1.219E+00 2.000E+01 2.400E+03 6.973E+00 1.434E−01 1.519E+03 1.541E+03 1.432E−02 1.519E+03 1.541E+03 1.432E−02 1.581E+00 3.000E+01 3.600E+03 8.759E+00 1.142E−01 1.598E+03 1.622E+03 1.504E−02 1.598E+03 1.622E+03 1.504E−02 2.254E+00 4.000E+01 4.800E+03 1.002E+01 9.978E−02 1.673E+03 1.704E+03 1.837E−02 1.673E+03 1.704E+03 1.837E−02 2.869E+00 5.000E+01 6.000E+03 1.095E+01 9.136E−02 1.746E+03 1.786E+03 2.285E−02 1.743E+03 1.782E+03 2.228E−02 3.437E+00 6.000E+01 7.200E+03 1.164E+01 8.592E−02 1.815E+03 1.866E+03 2.782E−02 1.795E+03 1.837E+03 2.355E−02 3.967E+00 7.000E+01 8.400E+03 1.217E+01 8.218E−02 1.882E+03 1.944E+03 3.297E−02 1.835E+03 1.878E+03 2.377E−02 4.464E+00 8.000E+01 9.600E+03 1.258E+01 7.951E−02 1.945E+03 2.019E+03 3.807E−02 1.868E+03 1.912E+03 2.377E−02 4.935E+00 9.000E+01 1.080E+04 1.290E+01 7.754E−02 2.006E+03 2.093E+03 4.307E−02 1.898E+03 1.943E+03 2.381E−02 5.382E+00 1.000E+02 1.200E+04 1.315E+01 7.606E−02 2.065E+03 2.164E+03 4.789E−02 1.925E+03 1.971E+03 2.397E−02 5.810E+00 1.500E+02 1.800E+04 1.396E+01 7.161E−02 2.331E+03 2.491E+03 6.881E−02 2.045E+03 2.099E+03 2.666E−02 7.720E+00 2.000E+02 2.400E+04 1.464E+01 6.830E−02 2.561E+03 2.779E+03 8.509E−02 2.152E+03 2.220E+03 3.166E−02 9.370E+00 3.000E+02 3.600E+04 1.572E+01 6.362E−02 2.949E+03 3.267E+03 1.077E−01 2.348E+03 2.451E+03 4.400E−02 1.220E+01 4.000E+02 4.800E+04 1.654E+01 6.045E−02 3.274E+03 3.674E+03 1.221E−01 2.524E+03 2.665E+03 5.613E−02 1.466E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

4.000E+02 4.800E+04 1.654E+01 6.045E−02 3.274E+03 3.674E+03 1.221E−01 2.524E+03 2.665E+03 5.613E−02 1.466E+01 5.000E+02 6.000E+04 1.720E+01 5.813E−02 3.555E+03 4.022E+03 1.314E−01 2.683E+03 2.861E+03 6.656E−02 1.687E+01 6.000E+02 7.200E+04 1.775E+01 5.635E−02 3.803E+03 4.326E+03 1.374E−01 2.828E+03 3.040E+03 7.508E−02 1.893E+01 7.000E+02 8.400E+04 1.820E+01 5.494E−02 4.026E+03 4.595E+03 1.413E−01 2.961E+03 3.203E+03 8.182E−02 2.086E+01 8.000E+02 9.600E+04 1.859E+01 5.380E−02 4.228E+03 4.834E+03 1.435E−01 3.082E+03 3.350E+03 8.697E−02 2.270E+01 9.000E+02 1.080E+05 1.892E+01 5.285E−02 4.412E+03 5.049E+03 1.445E−01 3.194E+03 3.484E+03 9.080E−02 2.448E+01 1.000E+03 1.200E+05 1.921E+01 5.206E−02 4.581E+03 5.243E+03 1.446E−01 3.297E+03 3.605E+03 9.349E−02 2.619E+01 1.500E+03 1.800E+05 2.016E+01 4.959E−02 5.253E+03 5.974E+03 1.374E−01 3.701E+03 4.054E+03 9.551E−02 3.426E+01 2.000E+03 2.400E+05 2.059E+01 4.856E−02 5.717E+03 6.426E+03 1.240E−01 3.959E+03 4.304E+03 8.709E−02 4.198E+01 3.000E+03 3.600E+05 2.065E+01 4.842E−02 6.277E+03 6.886E+03 9.704E−02 4.205E+03 4.482E+03 6.598E−02 5.735E+01 4.000E+03 4.800E+05 2.027E+01 4.933E−02 6.570E+03 7.075E+03 7.680E−02 4.259E+03 4.477E+03 5.124E−02 7.306E+01 5.000E+03 6.000E+05 1.973E+01 5.068E−02 6.719E+03 7.137E+03 6.229E−02 4.216E+03 4.399E+03 4.332E−02 8.931E+01 6.000E+03 7.200E+05 1.913E+01 5.226E−02 6.782E+03 7.134E+03 5.190E−02 4.149E+03 4.311E+03 3.905E−02 1.062E+02 7.000E+03 8.400E+05 1.853E+01 5.398E−02 6.791E+03 7.092E+03 4.444E−02 4.077E+03 4.226E+03 3.658E−02 1.237E+02 8.000E+03 9.600E+05 1.793E+01 5.577E−02 6.765E+03 7.030E+03 3.914E−02 4.004E+03 4.145E+03 3.536E−02 1.419E+02 9.000E+03 1.080E+06 1.736E+01 5.762E−02 6.715E+03 6.954E+03 3.545E−02 3.930E+03 4.067E+03 3.504E−02 1.609E+02 1.000E+04 1.200E+06 1.681E+01 5.950E−02 6.651E+03 6.870E+03 3.300E−02 3.856E+03 3.993E+03 3.540E−02 1.805E+02 1.500E+04 1.800E+06 1.446E+01 6.917E−02 6.227E+03 6.424E+03 3.172E−02 3.514E+03 3.664E+03 4.287E−02 2.892E+02 2.000E+04 2.400E+06 1.265E+01 7.905E−02 5.778E+03 6.008E+03 3.982E−02 3.219E+03 3.396E+03 5.498E−02 4.156E+02 3.000E+04 3.600E+06 1.011E+01 9.888E−02 5.003E+03 5.325E+03 6.443E−02 2.761E+03 2.986E+03 8.163E−02 7.201E+02 4.000E+04 4.800E+06 8.416E+00 1.188E−01 4.398E+03 4.802E+03 9.203E−02 2.424E+03 2.685E+03 1.076E−01 1.092E+03 5.000E+04 6.000E+06 7.249E+00 1.380E−01 3.947E+03 4.403E+03 1.154E−01 2.171E+03 2.456E+03 1.310E−01 1.520E+03 6.000E+04 7.200E+06 6.386E+00 1.566E−01 3.595E+03 4.083E+03 1.359E−01 1.973E+03 2.273E+03 1.524E−01 2.003E+03 7.000E+04 8.400E+06 5.719E+00 1.749E−01 3.309E+03 3.820E+03 1.545E−01 1.812E+03 2.124E+03 1.721E−01 2.539E+03 8.000E+04 9.600E+06 5.186E+00 1.928E−01 3.072E+03 3.599E+03 1.713E−01 1.679E+03 1.998E+03 1.901E−01 3.125E+03 9.000E+04 1.080E+07 4.751E+00 2.105E−01 2.873E+03 3.409E+03 1.866E−01 1.566E+03 1.890E+03 2.067E−01 3.760E+03 1.000E+05 1.200E+07 4.390E+00 2.278E−01 2.703E+03 3.244E+03 2.003E−01 1.471E+03 1.797E+03 2.220E−01 4.442E+03 1.500E+05 1.800E+07 3.219E+00 3.106E−01 2.121E+03 2.659E+03 2.538E−01 1.143E+03 1.467E+03 2.834E−01 8.492E+03 2.000E+05 2.400E+07 2.580E+00 3.875E−01 1.781E+03 2.296E+03 2.890E−01 9.520E+02 1.263E+03 3.265E−01 1.348E+04 3.000E+05 3.600E+07 1.904E+00 5.252E−01 1.400E+03 1.859E+03 3.274E−01 7.384E+02 1.017E+03 3.774E−01 2.573E+04 4.000E+05 4.800E+07 1.551E+00 6.449E−01 1.192E+03 1.600E+03 3.428E−01 6.222E+02 8.718E+02 4.012E−01 4.030E+04 5.000E+05 6.000E+07 1.334E+00 7.497E−01 1.060E+03 1.427E+03 3.466E−01 5.492E+02 7.744E+02 4.099E−01 5.664E+04 6.000E+05 7.200E+07 1.187E+00 8.426E−01 9.690E+02 1.302E+03 3.441E−01 4.993E+02 7.040E+02 4.100E−01 7.435E+04 7.000E+05 8.400E+07 1.080E+00 9.256E−01 9.024E+02 1.208E+03 3.383E−01 4.630E+02 6.504E+02 4.049E−01 9.314E+04 8.000E+05 9.600E+07 9.998E−01 1.000E+00 8.515E+02 1.133E+03 3.306E−01 4.355E+02 6.083E+02 3.967E−01 1.128E+05 9.000E+05 1.080E+08 9.365E−01 1.068E+00 8.114E+02 1.073E+03 3.220E−01 4.140E+02 5.741E+02 3.868E−01 1.332E+05 1.000E+06 1.200E+08 8.853E−01 1.130E+00 7.789E+02 1.023E+03 3.129E−01 3.968E+02 5.459E+02 3.758E−01 1.541E+05

XENON-129 IONS: A=129 Z=54 (a) Instantaneous Data

∆M=−88.69750 MeV Mc2=1.2007E+05 MeV

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

1.000E−01 1.290E+01 2.149E−07 0.000E+00 1.470E−01 6.802E+00 8.320E+02 8.320E+02 2.733E−02 4.068E+02 1.500E−01 1.935E+01 3.223E−07 0.000E+00 2.095E−01 4.773E+00 9.391E+02 9.391E+02 3.449E−02 3.490E+02 2.000E−01 2.580E+01 4.297E−07 0.000E+00 2.819E−01 3.547E+00 1.031E+03 1.031E+03 4.095E−02 3.135E+02 3.000E−01 3.870E+01 6.446E−07 0.000E+00 3.997E−01 2.502E+00 1.138E+03 1.138E+03 5.268E−02 2.703E+02 4.000E−01 5.160E+01 8.595E−07 0.000E+00 5.353E−01 1.868E+00 1.226E+03 1.226E+03 6.347E−02 2.438E+02 5.000E−01 6.450E+01 1.074E−06 0.000E+00 6.587E−01 1.518E+00 1.285E+03 1.285E+03 7.368E−02 2.254E+02 6.000E−01 7.740E+01 1.289E−06 0.000E+00 7.540E−01 1.326E+00 1.322E+03 1.322E+03 8.349E−02 2.115E+02 7.000E−01 9.030E+01 1.504E−06 0.000E+00 8.972E−01 1.115E+00 1.368E+03 1.368E+03 9.302E−02 2.006E+02

1.917E+02 9.000E−01 1.161E+02 1.934E−06 0.000E+00 1.113E+00 8.982E−01 1.420E+03 1.420E+03 1.114E−01 1.843E+02 1.000E+00 1.290E+02 2.149E−06 0.000E+00 1.228E+00 8.143E−01 1.442E+03 1.442E+03 1.204E−01 1.779E+02 1.500E+00 1.935E+02 3.223E−06 0.000E+00 1.708E+00 5.854E−01 1.506E+03 1.506E+03 1.639E−01 1.559E+02 2.000E+00 2.580E+02 4.297E−06 0.000E+00 2.244E+00 4.456E−01 1.547E+03 1.547E+03 2.060E−01 1.424E+02 3.000E+00 3.870E+02 6.446E−06 0.000E+00 3.076E+00 3.251E−01 1.581E+03 1.581E+03 2.882E−01 1.260E+02 4.000E+00 5.160E+02 8.595E−06 0.000E+00 3.980E+00 2.513E−01 1.601E+03 1.601E+03 3.691E−01 1.159E+02 5.000E+00 6.450E+02 1.074E−05 0.000E+00 4.757E+00 2.102E−01 1.612E+03 1.612E+03 4.493E−01 1.089E+02 6.000E+00 7.740E+02 1.289E−05 0.000E+00 5.331E+00 1.876E−01 1.620E+03 1.620E+03 5.290E−01 1.036E+02 7.000E+00 9.030E+02 1.504E−05 0.000E+00 6.152E+00 1.626E−01 1.632E+03 1.632E+03 6.082E−01 9.945E+01 8.000E+00 1.032E+03 1.719E−05 0.000E+00 6.729E+00 1.486E−01 1.641E+03 1.641E+03 6.870E−01 9.607E+01 9.000E+00 1.161E+03 1.934E−05 0.000E+00 7.301E+00 1.370E−01 1.652E+03 1.652E+03 7.663E−01 9.323E+01 1.000E+01 1.290E+03 2.149E−05 0.000E+00 7.871E+00 1.270E−01 1.664E+03 1.664E+03 8.440E−01 9.081E+01 1.500E+01 1.935E+03 3.223E−05 0.000E+00 9.979E+00 1.002E−01 1.726E+03 1.726E+03 1.222E+00 8.244E+01 2.000E+01 2.580E+03 4.297E−05 0.000E+00 1.187E+01 8.426E−02 1.810E+03 1.810E+03 1.586E+00 7.730E+01 3.000E+01 3.870E+03 6.446E−05 0.000E+00 1.402E+01 7.132E−02 1.960E+03 1.960E+03 2.265E+00 7.104E+01 4.000E+01 5.160E+03 8.594E−05 0.000E+00 1.554E+01 6.437E−02 2.140E+03 2.140E+03 2.889E+00 6.720E+01 5.000E+01 6.450E+03 1.074E−04 0.000E+00 1.634E+01 6.122E−02 2.301E+03 2.241E+03 3.466E+00 6.452E+01 6.000E+01 7.740E+03 1.289E−04 0.000E+00 1.670E+01 5.988E−02 2.424E+03 2.247E+03 4.006E+00 6.252E+01 7.000E+01 9.030E+03 1.504E−04 0.000E+00 1.697E+01 5.894E−02 2.604E+03 2.276E+03 4.513E+00 6.093E+01 8.000E+01 1.032E+04 1.719E−04 0.000E+00 1.701E+01 5.879E−02 2.732E+03 2.307E+03 4.994E+00 5.965E+01 9.000E+01 1.161E+04 1.934E−04 0.000E+00 1.696E+01 5.895E−02 2.863E+03 2.346E+03 5.451E+00 5.857E+01 1.000E+02 1.290E+04 2.148E−04 0.000E+00 1.684E+01 5.937E−02 2.995E+03 2.391E+03 5.888E+00 5.764E+01 1.500E+02 1.935E+04 3.222E−04 0.000E+00 1.763E+01 5.672E−02 3.509E+03 2.611E+03 7.844E+00 5.446E+01 2.000E+02 2.580E+04 4.296E−04 0.000E+00 1.908E+01 5.240E−02 4.025E+03 2.879E+03 9.533E+00 5.250E+01 3.000E+02 3.870E+04 6.443E−04 0.000E+00 2.076E+01 4.817E−02 4.733E+03 3.292E+03 1.244E+01 5.012E+01 4.000E+02 5.160E+04 8.589E−04 0.000E+00 2.208E+01 4.529E−02 5.402E+03 3.713E+03 1.495E+01 4.865E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

4.000E+02 5.160E+04 8.589E−04 0.000E+00 2.208E+01 4.529E−02 5.402E+03 3.713E+03 1.495E+01 4.865E+01 5.000E+02 6.450E+04 1.073E−03 0.000E+00 2.293E+01 4.361E−02 5.913E+03 4.045E+03 1.721E+01 4.764E+01 6.000E+02 7.740E+04 1.288E−03 0.000E+00 2.343E+01 4.267E−02 6.256E+03 4.272E+03 1.928E+01 4.687E+01 7.000E+02 9.030E+04 1.502E−03 0.000E+00 2.399E+01 4.168E−02 6.703E+03 4.568E+03 2.128E+01 4.627E+01 8.000E+02 1.032E+05 1.717E−03 0.000E+00 2.429E+01 4.117E−02 6.988E+03 4.756E+03 2.316E+01 4.578E+01 9.000E+02 1.161E+05 1.931E−03 0.000E+00 2.451E+01 4.081E−02 7.249E+03 4.925E+03 2.496E+01 4.537E+01 1.000E+03 1.290E+05 2.145E−03 0.000E+00 2.465E+01 4.056E−02 7.485E+03 5.075E+03 2.670E+01 4.502E+01 1.500E+03 1.935E+05 3.215E−03 0.000E+00 2.459E+01 4.067E−02 8.155E+03 5.450E+03 3.486E+01 4.380E+01 2.000E+03 2.580E+05 4.284E−03 0.000E+00 2.3B9E+01 4.240E−02 8.416E+03 5.463E+03 4.259E+01 4.306E+01 3.000E+03 3.870E+05 6.415E−03 1.122E+05 2,165E+01 4.620E−02 8.406E+03 5.157E+03 5.790E+01 4.215E+01 4.000E+03 5.160E+05 8.540E−03 1.020E+05 1.970E+01 5.075E−02 8.199E+03 4.702E+03 7.342E+01 4.159E+01 5.000E+03 6.450E+05 1.066E−02 9.436E+04 1.819E+01 5.498E−02 7.941E+03 4.266E+03 8.945E+01 4.121E+01 6.000E+03 7.740E+05 1.277E−02 8.920E+04 1.716E+01 5.829E−02 7.726E+03 4.115E+03 1.060E+02 4.092E+01 7.000E+03 9.030E+05 1.487E−02 8.244E+04 1.580E+01 6.330E−02 7.399E+03 3.937E+03 1.231E+02 4.069E+01 8.000E+03 1.032E+06 1.697E−02 7.806E+04 1.491E+01 6.705E−02 7.162E+03 3.810E+03 1.409E+02 4.050E+01 9.000E+03 1.161E+06 1.906E−02 7.398E+04 1.409E+01 7.098E−02 6.923E+03 3.683E+03 1.593E+02 4.034E+01 1.000E+04 1.290E+06 2.115E−02 7.016E+04 1.331E+01 7.512E−02 6.684E+03 3.557E+03 1.783E+02 4.021E+01 1.500E+04 1.935E+06 3.147E−02 5.757E+04 1.076E+01 9.290E−02 5.803E+03 3.099E+03 2.832E+02 3.975E+01 2.000E+04 2.580E+06 4.163E−02 4.780E+04 8.793E+00 1.137E−01 5.021E+03 2.699E+03 4.042E+02 3.946E+01 3.000E+04 3.870E+06 6.147E−02 3.755E+04 6.740E+00 1.484E−01 4.109E+03 2.236E+03 6.938E+02 3.912E+01 4.000E+04 5.160E+06 8.071E−02 3.019E+04 5.276E+00 1.895E−01 3.402E+04 1.875E+03 1.046E+03 3.891E+01

3.876E+01 6.000E+04 7.740E+06 1.174E−01 2.298E+04 4.046E+00 2.472E−01 2.763E+03 1.496E+03 1.901E+03 3.865E+01 7.000E+04 9.030E+06 1.350E−01 2.078E+04 3.6B1E+00 2.739E−01 2.546E+03 1.375E+03 2.403E+03 3.856E+01 8.000E+04 1.032E+07 1.520E−01 1.810E+04 3.174E+00 3.151E−01 2.276E+03 1.223E+03 2.950E+03 3.849E+01 9.000E+04 1.161E+07 1.686E−01 1.655E+04 2.901E+00 3.448E−01 2.117E+03 1.134E+03 3.541E+03 3.843E+01 1.000E+05 1.290E+07 1.846E−01 1.521E+04 2.663E+00 3.755E−01 1.977E+03 1.054E+03 4.175E+03 3.838E+01 1.500E+05 1.935E+07 2.583E−01 1.139E+04 1.995E+00 5.012E−01 1.565E+03 8.222E+02 7.928E+03 3.820E+01 2.000E+05 2.580E+07 3.224E−01 9.002E+03 1.577E+00 6.343E−01 1.295E+03 6.705E+02 1.254E+04 3.810E+01 3.000E+05 3.870E+07 4.281E−01 6.946E+03 1.215E+00 8.227E−01 1.052E+03 5.364E+02 2.384E+04 3.796E+01 4.000E+05 5.160E+07 5.108E−01 5.719E+03 9.972E−01 1.003E+00 9.026E+02 4.550E+02 3.728E+04 3.788E+01 5.000E+05 6.450E+07 5.768E−01 5.055E+03 8.774E−01 1.140E+00 8.197E+02 4.110E+02 5.234E+04 3.783E+01 6.000E+05 7.740E+07 6.303E−01 4.699E+03 8.121E−01 1.231E+00 7.747E+02 3.876E+02 6.866E+04 3.779E+01 7.000E+05 9.030E+07 6.742E−01 4.423E+03 7.608E−01 1.314E+00 7.395E+02 3.697E+02 8.598E+04 3.775E+01 8.000E+05 1.032E+08 7.108E−01 4.109E+03 7.013E−01 1.426E+00 6.993E+02 3.499E+02 1.041E+05 3.772E+01 9.000E+05 1.161E+08 7.415E−01 3.940E+03 6.686E−01 1.496E+00 6.777E+02 3.396E+02 1.229E+05 3.770E+01 1.000E+06 1.290E+08 7.676E−01 3.799E+03 6.408E−01 1.561E+00 6.597E+02 3.313E+02 1.422E+05 3.768E+01

(b) Equilibrium Values

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

1.000E−01 1.290E+01 5.638E−02 1.774E+01 4.915E+02 6.067E+02 2.345E−01 4.915E+02 6.067E+02 2.345E−01 2.733E−02 1.500E−01 1.935E+01 8.407E−02 1.189E+01 5.792E+02 7.050E+02 2.171E−01 5.792E+02 7.050E+02 2.171E−01 3.449E−02 2.000E−01 2.580E+01 1.118E−01 8.948E+00 6.473E+02 7.786E+02 2.029E−01 6.473E+02 7.786E+02 2.029E−01 4.095E−02 3.000E−01 3.870E+01 1.670E−01 5.989E+00 7.502E+02 8.860E+02 1.810E−01 7.502E+02 8.860E+02 1.810E−01 5.268E−02 4.000E−01 5.160E+01 2.220E−01 4.505E+00 8.273E+02 9.635E+02 1.646E−01 8.273E+02 9.635E+02 1.646E−01 6.347E−02 5.000E−01 6.450E+01 2.767E−01 3.615E+00 8.887E+02 1.023E+03 1.517E−01 8.887E+02 1.023E+03 1.517E−01 7.368E−02 6.000E−01 7.740E+01 3.310E−01 3.021E+00 9.394E+02 1.072E+03 1.411E−01 9.394E+02 1.072E+03 1.411E−01 8.349E−02 7.000E−01 9.030E+01 3.851E−01 2.597E+00 9.824E+02 1.112E+03 1.323E−01 9.824E+02 1.112E+03 1.323E−01 9.302E−02 8.000E−01 1.032E+02 4.388E−01 2.279E+00 1.020E+03 1.147E+03 1.246E−01 1.020E+03 1.147E+03 1.246E−01 1.023E−01 9.000E−01 1.161E+02 4.923E−01 2.031E+00 1.052E+03 1.176E+03 1.180E−01 1.052E+03 1.176E+03 1.180E−01 1.114E−01 1.000E+00 1.290E+02 5.453E−01 1.834E+00 1.081E+03 1.202E+03 1.121E−01 1.081E+03 1.202E+03 1.121E−01 1.204E−01 1.500E+00 1.935E+02 8.061E−01 1.241E+00 1.189E+03 1.296E+03 9.049E−02 1.189E+03 1.296E+03 9.049E−02 1.639E−01 2.000E+00 2.580E+02 1.059E+00 9.439E−01 1.259E+03 1.355E+03 7.627E−02 1.259E+03 1.355E+03 7.627E−02 2.060E−01 3.000E+00 3.870E+02 1.545E+00 6.472E−01 1.348E+03 1.427E+03 5.833E−02 1.348E+03 1.427E+03 5.833E−02 2.882E−01 4.000E+00 5.160E+02 2.005E+00 4.987E−01 1.402E+03 1.469E+03 4.734E−02 1.402E+03 1.469E+03 4.734E−02 3.691E−01 5.000E+00 6.450E+02 2.442E+00 4.095E−01 1.439E+03 1.496E+03 3.991E−02 1.439E+03 1.496E+03 3.991E−02 4.493E−01 6.000E+00 7.740E+02 2.857E+00 3.500E−01 1.466E+03 1.517E+03 3.456E−02 1.466E+03 1.517E+03 3.456E−02 5.290E−01 7.000E+00 9.030E+02 3.252E+00 3.075E−01 1.487E+03 1.533E+03 3.054E−02 1.487E+03 1.533E+03 3.054E−02 6.082E−01 8.000E+00 1.032E+03 3.628E+00 2.756E−01 1.505E+03 1.546E+03 2.744E−02 1.505E+03 1.546E+03 2.744E−02 6.870E−01 9.000E+00 1.161E+03 3.992E+00 2.505E−01 1.520E+03 1.557E+03 2.495E−02 1.520E+03 1.557E+03 2.495E−02 7.663E−01 1.000E+01 1.290E+03 4.334E+00 2.307E−01 1.533E+03 1.568E+03 2.298E−02 1.533E+03 1.568E+03 2.298E−02 8.440E−01 1.500E+01 1.935E+03 5.832E+00 1.715E−01 1.584E+03 1.612E+03 1.727E−02 1.584E+03 1.612E+03 1.727E−02 1.222E+00 2.000E+01 2.580E+03 7.054E+00 1.418E−01 1.628E+03 1.653E+03 1.507E−02 1.628E+03 1.653E+03 1.507E−02 1.586E+00 3.000E+01 3.870E+03 8.903E+00 1.123E−01 1.709E+03 1.735E+03 1.505E−02 1.709E+03 1.735E+03 1.505E−02 2.265E+00 4.000E+01 5.160E+03 1.022E+01 9.784E−02 1.787E+03 1.818E+03 1.775E−02 1.787E+03 1.818E+03 1.775E−02 2.889E+00 5.000E+01 6.450E+03 1.119E+01 8.937E−02 1.861E+03 1.901E+03 2.168E−02 1.859E+03 1.899E+03 2.130E−02 3.466E+00 6.000E+01 7.740E+03 1.192E+01 8.390E−02 1.932E+03 1.983E+03 2.619E−02 1.911E+03 1.954E+03 2.219E−02 4.006E+00 7.000E+01 9.030E+03 1.248E+01 8.013E−02 2.001E+03 2.063E+03 3.093E−02 1.951E+03 1.994E+03 2.216E−02 4.513E+00 8.000E+01 1.032E+04 1.292E+01 7.743E−02 2.066E+03 2.140E+03 3.572E−02 1.984E+03 2.027E+03 2.198E−02 4.994E+00 9.000E+01 1.161E+04 1.326E+01 7.543E−02 2.130E+03 2.216E+03 4.044E−02 2.013E+03 2.057E+03 2.186E−02 5.451E+00 1.000E+02 1.290E+04 1.353E+01 7.393E−02 2.191E+03 2.289E+03 4.502E−02 2.040E+03 2.085E+03 2.187E−02 5.888E+00

2.000E+02 2.580E+04 1.513E+01 6.608E−02 2.706E+03 2.926E+03 8.135E−02 2.267E+03 2.331E+03 2.860E−02 9.533E+00 3.000E+02 3.870E+04 1.629E+01 6.138E−02 3.111E+03 3.435E+03 1.041E−01 2.466E+03 2.566E+03 4.057E−02 1.244E+01 4.000E+02 5.160E+04 1.718E+01 5.821E−02 3.451E+03 3.861E+03 1.188E−01 2.647E+03 2.786E+03 5.270E−02 1.495E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

4.000E+02 5.160E+04 1.718E+01 5.821E−02 3.451E+03 3.861E+03 1.188E−01 2.647E+03 2.786E+03 5.270E−02 1.495E+01 5.000E+02 6.450E+04 1.789E+01 5.590E−02 3.746E+03 4.228E+03 1.286E−01 2.812E+03 2.990E+03 6.340E−02 1.721E+01 6.000E+02 7.740E+04 1.847E+01 5.415E−02 4.004E+03 4.545E+03 1.351E−01 2.961E+03 3.175E+03 7.222E−02 1.928E+01 7.000E+02 9.030E+04 1.897E+01 5.271E−02 4.243E+03 4.835E+03 1.395E−01 3.102E+03 3.349E+03 7.958E−02 2.128E+01 8.000E+02 1.032E+05 1.939E+01 5.157E−02 4.456E+03 5.090E+03 1.422E−01 3.230E+03 3.505E+03 8.527E−02 2.316E+01 9.000E+02 1.161E+05 1.976E+01 5.062E−02 4.651E+03 5.320E+03 1.437E−01 3.348E+03 3.648E+03 8.961E−02 2.496E+01 1.000E+03 1.290E+05 2.007E+01 4.982E−02 4.830E+03 5.528E+03 1.443E−01 3.457E+03 3.778E+03 9.284E−02 2.670E+01 1.500E+03 1.935E+05 2.115E+01 4.727E−02 5.550E+03 6.322E+03 1.391E−01 3.893E+03 4.272E+03 9.727E−02 3.486E+01 2.000E+03 2.580E+05 2.168E+01 4.612E−02 6.058E+03 6.829E+03 1.272E−01 4.183E+03 4.563E+03 9.067E−02 4.259E+01 3.000E+03 3.870E+05 2.188E+01 4.570E−02 6.684E+03 7.361E+03 1.013E−01 4.477E+03 4.792E+03 7.031E−02 5.790E+01 4.000E+03 5.160E+05 2.159E+01 4.632E−02 7.025E+03 7.595E+03 8.111E−02 4.566E+03 4.817E+03 5.486E−02 7.342E+01 5.000E+03 6.450E+05 2.110E+01 4.739E−02 7.211E+03 7.689E+03 6.624E−02 4.548E+03 4.755E+03 4.555E−02 8.945E+01 6.000E+03 7.740E+05 2.054E+01 4.870E−02 7.303E+03 7.707E+03 5.537E−02 4.486E+03 4.668E+03 4.054E−02 1.060E+02 7.000E+03 9.030E+05 1.995E+01 5.013E−02 7.334E+03 7.682E+03 4.737E−02 4.420E+03 4.585E+03 3.737E−02 1.231E+02 8.000E+03 1.032E+06 1.936E+01 5.165E−02 7.326E+03 7.630E+03 4.151E−02 4.350E+03 4.504E+03 3.551E−02 1.409E+02 9.000E+03 1.161E+06 1.879E+01 5.323E−02 7.289E+03 7.561E+03 3.745E−02 4.278E+03 4.426E+03 3.477E−02 1.593E+02 1.000E+04 1.290E+06 1.824E+01 5.483E−02 7.236E+03 7.484E+03 3.426E−02 4.207E+03 4.352E+03 3.438E−02 1.783E+02 1.500E+04 1.935E+06 1.583E+01 6.316E−02 6.835E+03 7.044E+03 3.066E−02 3.864E+03 4.017E+03 3.960E−02 2.832E+02 2.000E+04 2.580E+06 1.396E+01 7.163E−02 6.387E+03 6.619E+03 3.630E−02 3.564E+03 3.740E+03 4.938E−02 4.042E+02 3.000E+04 3.870E+06 1.127E+01 8.876E−02 5.581E+03 5.904E+03 5.774E−02 3.083E+03 3.309E+03 7.315E−02 6.938E+02 4.000E+04 5.160E+06 9.439E+00 1.059E−01 4.939E+03 5.347E+03 8.275E−02 2.724E+03 2.988E+03 9.680E−02 1.046E+03 5.000E+04 6.450E+06 8.178E+00 1.223E−01 4.459E+03 4.921E+03 1.035E−01 2.452E+03 2.742E+03 1.185E−01 1.448E+03 6.000E+04 7.740E+06 7.231E+00 1.383E−01 4.075E+03 4.576E+03 1.229E−01 2.235E+03 2.545E+03 1.386E−01 1.901E+03 7.000E+04 9.030E+06 6.495E+00 1.540E−01 3.762E+03 4.290E+03 1.403E−01 2.059E+03 2.383E+03 1.570E−01 2.403E+03 8.000E+04 1.032E+07 5.905E+00 1.693E−01 3.502E+03 4.049E+03 1.562E−01 1.913E+03 2.246E+03 1.740E−01 2.950E+03 9.000E+04 1.161E+07 5.422E+00 1.844E−01 3.281E+03 3.841E+03 1.706E−01 1.789E+03 2.128E+03 1.896E−01 3.541E+03 1.000E+05 1.290E+07 5.019E+00 1.993E−01 3.093E+03 3.661E+03 1.838E−01 1.683E+03 2.026E+03 2.041E−01 4.175E+03 1.500E+05 1.935E+07 3.705E+00 2.699E−01 2.443E+03 3.017E+03 2.350E−01 1.316E+03 1.662E+03 2.628E−01 7.928E+03 2.000E+05 2.580E+07 2.981E+00 3.354E−01 2.059E+03 2.613E+03 2.691E−01 1.100E+03 1.435E+03 3.044E−01 1.254E+04 3.000E+05 3.870E+07 2.208E+00 4.529E−01 1.625E+03 2.125E+03 3.076E−01 8.568E+02 1.161E+03 3.550E−01 2.384E+04 4.000E+05 5.160E+07 1.802E+00 5.551E−01 1.385E+03 1.834E+03 3.239E−01 7.232E+02 9.975E+02 3.794E−01 3.728E+04 5.000E+05 6.450E+07 1.551E+00 6.447E−01 1.233E+03 1.639E+03 3.287E−01 6.390E+02 8.876E+02 3.890E−01 5.234E+04 6.000E+05 7.740E+07 1.381E+00 7.241E−01 1.128E+03 1.497E+03 3.275E−01 5.812E+02 8.081E+02 3.903E−01 6.866E+04 7.000E+05 9.030E+07 1.258E+00 7.951E−01 1.051E+03 1.390E+03 3.226E−01 5.392E+02 7.474E+02 3.862E−01 8.598E+04 8.000E+05 1.032E+08 1.164E+00 8.590E−01 9.919E+02 1.305E+03 3.159E−01 5.073E+02 6.996E+02 3.791E−01 1.041E+05 9.000E+05 1.161E+08 1.091E+00 9.169E−01 9.454E+02 1.237E+03 3.081E−01 4.824E+02 6.609E+02 3.701E−01 1.229E+05 1.000E+06 1.290E+08 1.031E+00 9.696E−01 9.077E+02 1.180E+03 2.997E−01 4.624E+02 6.288E+02 3.600E−01 1.422E+05

XENON-131 IONS: A=131 Z=54 (a) Instantaneous Data

∆M=−88.42150 MeV Mc2=1.2194E+05 MeV

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

1.000E−01 1.310E+01 2.149E−07 0.000E+00 1.459E−01 6.852E+00 8.312E+02 8.312E+02 2.770E−02 4.068E+02 1.500E−01 1.965E+01 3.223E−07 0.000E+00 2.196E−01 4.554E+00 9.551E+02 9.551E+02 3.496E−02 3.490E+02 2.000E−01 2.620E+01 4.297E−07 0.000E+00 2.799E−01 3.573E+00 1.030E+03 1.030E+03 4.151E−02 3.135E+02 3.000E−01 3.930E+01 6.446E−07 0.000E+00 4.187E−01 2.389E+00 1.154E+03 1.154E+03 5.340E−02 2.703E+02 4.000E−01 5.240E+01 8.595E−07 0.000E+00 5.315E−01 1.881E+00 1.225E+03 1.225E+03 6.434E−02 2.438E+02 5.000E−01 6.550E+01 1.074E−06 0.000E+00 6.541E−01 1.529E+00 1.285E+03 1.285E+03 7.470E−02 2.254E+02 6.000E−01 7.860E+01 1.289E−06 0.000E+00 7.890E−01 1.267E+00 1.336E+03 1.336E+03 8.465E−02 2.115E+02

2.006E+02 8.000E−01 1.048E+02 1.719E−06 0.000E+00 9.963E−01 1.004E+00 1.395E+03 1.395E+03 1.037E−01 1.917E+02 9.000E−01 1.179E+02 1.934E−06 0.000E+00 1.106E+00 9.044E−01 1.420E+03 1.420E+03 1.130E−01 1.843E+02 1.000E+00 1.310E+02 2.149E−06 0.000E+00 1.220E+00 8.199E−01 1.442E+03 1.442E+03 1.221E−01 1.779E+02 1.500E+00 1.965E+02 3.223E−06 0.000E+00 1.784E+00 5.605E−01 1.515E+03 1.515E+03 1.662E−01 1.559E+02 2.000E+00 2.620E+02 4.297E−06 0.000E+00 2.229E+00 4.486E−01 1.547E+03 1.547E+03 2.089E−01 1.424E+02 3.000E+00 3.930E+02 6.446E−06 0.000E+00 3.205E+00 3.120E−01 1.586E+03 1.586E+03 2.923E−01 1.260E+02 4.000E+00 5.240E+02 8.595E−06 0.000E+00 3.955E+00 2.528E−01 1.601E+03 1.601E+03 3.744E−01 1.159E+02 5.000E+00 6.550E+02 1.074E−05 0.000E+00 4.729E+00 2.115E−01 1.613E+03 1.613E+03 4.558E−01 1.089E+02 6.000E+00 7.860E+02 1.289E−05 0.000E+00 5.536E+00 1.806E−01 1.624E+03 1.624E+03 5.367E−01 1.036E+02 7.000E+00 9.170E+02 1.504E−05 0.000E+00 6.117E+00 1.635E−01 1.632E+03 1.632E+03 6.171E−01 9.945E+01 8.000E+00 1.048E+03 1.719E−05 0.000E+00 6.692E+00 1.494E−01 1.642E+03 1.642E+03 6.971E−01 9.607E+01 9.000E+00 1.179E+03 1.934E−05 0.000E+00 7.263E+00 1.377E−01 1.652E+03 1.652E+03 7.776E−01 9.323E+01 1.000E+01 1.310E+03 2.149E−05 0.000E+00 7.831E+00 1.277E−01 1.664E+03 1.664E+03 8.564E−01 9.081E+01 1.500E+01 1.965E+03 3.223E−05 0.000E+00 9.934E+00 1.007E−01 1.724E+03 1.724E+03 1.240E+00 8.244E+01 2.000E+01 2.620E+03 4.297E−05 0.000E+00 1.182E+01 8.459E−02 1.808E+03 1.808E+03 1.609E+00 7.730E+01 3.000E+01 3.930E+03 6.446E−05 0.000E+00 1.398E+01 7.153E−02 1.957E+03 1.957E+03 2.299E+00 7.104E+01 4.000E+01 5.240E+03 8.594E−05 0.000E+00 1.550E+01 6.450E−02 2.135E+03 2.135E+03 2.932E+00 6.720E+01 5.000E+01 6.550E+03 1.074E−04 0.000E+00 1.631E+01 6.130E−02 2.296E+03 2.241E+03 3.519E+00 6.452E+01 6.000E+01 7.860E+03 1.289E−04 0.000E+00 1.668E+01 5.994E−02 2.418E+03 2.247E+03 4.067E+00 6.252E+01 7.000E+01 9.170E+03 1.504E−04 0.000E+00 1.696E+01 5.896E−02 2.596E+03 2.274E+03 4.582E+00 6.093E+01 8.000E+01 1.048E+04 1.719E−04 0.000E+00 1.701E+01 5.879E−02 2.724E+03 2.305E+03 5.070E+00 5.965E+01 9.000E+01 1.179E+04 1.933E−04 0.000E+00 1.697E+01 5.893E−02 2.854E+03 2.343E+03 5.534E+00 5.857E+01 1.000E+02 1.310E+04 2.148E−04 0.000E+00 1.685E+01 5.934E−02 2.985E+03 2.388E+03 5.978E+00 5.764E+01 1.500E+02 1.965E+04 3.222E−04 0.000E+00 1.760E+01 5.683E−02 3.498E+03 2.606E+03 7.964E+00 5.446E+01 2.000E+02 2.620E+04 4.296E−04 0.000E+00 1.905E+01 5.250E−02 4.012E+03 2.872E+03 9.680E+00 5.250E+01 3.000E+02 3.930E+04 6.443E−04 0.000E+00 2.073E+01 4.825E−02 4.717E+03 3.283E+03 1.263E+01 5.012E+01 4.000E+02 5.240E+04 8.589E−04 0.000E+00 2.205E+01 4.536E−02 5.385E+03 3.702E+03 1.518E+01 4.865E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

4.000E+02 5.240E+04 8.589E−04 0.000E+00 2.205E+01 4.536E−02 5.385E+03 3.702E+03 1.518E+01 4.865E+01 5.000E+02 6.550E+04 1.073E−03 0.000E+00 2.290E+01 4.366E−02 5.895E+03 4.034E+03 1.748E+01 4.764E+01 6.000E+02 7.860E+04 1.288E−03 0.000E+00 2.341E+01 4.272E−02 6.238E+03 4.261E+03 1.957E+01 4.687E+01 7.000E+02 9.170E+04 1.502E−03 0.000E+00 2.397E+01 4.171E−02 6.685E+03 4.556E+03 2.161E+01 4.627E+01 8.000E+02 1.048E+05 1.717E−03 0.000E+00 2.427E+01 4.120E−02 6.971E+03 4.745E+03 2.351E+01 4.578E+01 9.000E+02 1.179E+05 1.931E−03 0.000E+00 2.449E+01 4.083E−02 7.232E+03 4.914E+03 2.534E+01 4.537E+01 1.000E+03 1.310E+05 2.145E−03 0.000E+00 2.465E+01 4.058E−02 7.469E+03 5.065E+03 2.711E+01 4.502E+01 1.500E+03 1.965E+05 3.215E−03 0.000E+00 2.460E+01 4.065E−02 8.144E+03 5.445E+03 3.540E+01 4.380E+01 2.000E+03 2.620E+05 4.283E−03 0.000E+00 2.362E+01 4.233E−02 8.415E+03 5.467E+03 4.325E+01 4.306E+01 3.000E+03 3.930E+05 6.415E−03 1.124E+05 2.169E+01 4.611E−02 8.408E+03 5.166E+03 5.879E+01 4.215E+01 4.000E+03 5.240E+05 8.539E−03 1.023E+05 1.975E+01 5.062E−02 8.206E+03 4.715E+03 7.456E+01 4.159E+01 5.000E+03 6.550E+05 1.066E−02 9.463E+04 1.824E+01 5.483E−02 7.952E+03 4.282E+03 9.084E+01 4.121E+01 6.000E+03 7.860E+05 1.277E−02 8.946E+04 1.721E+01 5.811E−02 7.738E+03 4.122E+03 1.076E+02 4.092E+01 7.000E+03 9.170E+05 1.487E−02 8.271E+04 1.585E+01 6.309E−02 7.413E+03 3.945E+03 1.251E+02 4.069E+01 8.000E+03 1.048E+06 1.697E−02 7.834E+04 1.497E+01 6.681E−02 7.177E+03 3.818E+03 1.431E+02 4.050E+01 9.000E+03 1.179E+06 1.906E−02 7.425E+04 1.414E+01 7.071E−02 6.939E+03 3.691E+03 1.618E+02 4.034E+01 1.000E+04 1.310E+06 2.115E−02 7.042E+04 1.337E+01 7.482E−02 6.701E+03 3.566E+03 1.811E+02 4.021E+01 1.500E+04 1.965E+06 3.147E−02 5.782E+04 1.081E+01 9.247E−02 5.822E+03 3.109E+03 2.876E+02 3.975E+01 2.000E+04 2.620E+06 4.163E−02 4.803E+04 8.839E+00 1.131E−01 5.040E+03 2.709E+03 4.104E+02 3.946E+01 3.000E+04 3.930E+06 6.147E−02 3.775E+04 6.778E+00 1.475E−01 4.127E+03 2.245E+03 7.045E+02 3.912E+01

3.891E+01 5.000E+04 6.550E+06 9.936E−02 2.579E+04 4.555E+00 2.195E−01 3.034E+03 1.647E+03 1.470E+03 3.876E+01 6.000E+04 7.860E+06 1.174E−01 2.311E+04 4.070E+00 2.457E−01 2.776E+03 1.504E+03 1.931E+03 3.865E+01 7.000E+04 9.170E+06 1.350E−01 2.001E+04 3.513E+00 2.846E−01 2.469E+03 1.332E+03 2.440E+03 3.856E+01 8.000E+04 1.048E+07 1.520E−01 1.821E+04 3.193E+00 3.132E−01 2.287E+03 1.229E+03 2.996E+03 3.849E+01 9.000E+04 1.179E+07 1.686E−01 1.665E+04 2.918E+00 3.427E−01 2.128E+03 1.139E+03 3.596E+03 3.843E+01 1.000E+05 1.310E+07 1.846E−01 1.530E+04 2.679E+00 3.733E−01 1.986E+03 1.060E+03 4.240E+03 3.838E+01 1.500E+05 1.965E+07 2.583E−01 1.146E+04 2.007E+00 4.983E−01 1.573E+03 8.263E+02 8.051E+03 3.820E+01 2.000E+05 2.620E+07 3.224E−01 9.052E+03 1.585E+00 6.307E−01 1.300E+03 6.737E+02 1.274E+04 3.810E+01 3.000E+05 3.930E+07 4.281E−01 6.981E+03 1.222E+00 8.186E−01 1.057E+03 5.387E+02 2.421E+04 3.796E+01 4.000E+05 5.240E+07 5.108E−01 5.744E+03 1.002E+00 9.983E−01 9.057E+02 4.567E+02 3.786E+04 3.788E+01 5.000E+05 6.550E+07 5.768E−01 5.075E+03 8.810E−01 1.135E+00 8.222E+02 4.123E+02 5.315E+04 3.783E+01 6.000E+05 7.860E+07 6.303E−01 4.716E+03 8.153E−01 1.227E+00 7.768E+02 3.887E+02 6.972E+04 3.779E+01 7.000E+05 9.170E+07 6.742E−01 4.330E+03 7.434E−01 1.345E+00 7.276E+02 3.638E+02 8.731E+04 3.775E+01 8.000E+05 1.048E+08 7.108E−01 4.121E+03 7.036E−01 1.421E+00 7.009E+02 3.506E+02 1.057E+05 3.772E+01 9.000E+05 1.179E+08 7.415E−01 3.951E+03 6.706E−01 1.491E+00 6.790E+02 3.402E+02 1.248E+05 3.770E+01 1.000E+06 1.310E+08 7.676E−01 3.809E+03 6.426E−01 1.556E+00 6.609E+02 3.319E+02 1.444E+05 3.768E+01

(b) Equilibrium Values

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

1.000E−01 1.310E+01 5.636E−02 1.774E+01 4.921E+02 6.077E+02 2.349E−01 4.921E+02 6.077E+02 2.349E−01 2.770E−02 1.500E−01 1.965E+01 8.405E−02 1.190E+01 5.801E+02 7.062E+02 2.174E−01 5.801E+02 7.062E+02 2.174E−01 3.496E−02 2.000E−01 2.620E+01 1.117E−01 8.950E+00 6.482E+02 7.799E+02 2.031E−01 6.482E+02 7.799E+02 2.031E−01 4.151E−02 3.000E−01 3.930E+01 1.670E−01 5.990E+00 7.513E+02 8.874E+02 1.811E−01 7.513E+02 8.874E+02 1.811E−01 5.340E−02 4.000E−01 5.240E+01 2.220E−01 4.505E+00 8.285E+02 9.649E+02 1.647E−01 8.285E+02 9.649E+02 1.647E−01 6.434E−02 5.000E−01 6.550E+01 2.766E−01 3.615E+00 8.899E+02 1.025E+03 1.518E−01 8.899E+02 1.025E+03 1.518E−01 7.470E−02 6.000E−01 7.860E+01 3.310E−01 3.021E+00 9.407E+02 1.073E+03 1.412E−01 9.407E+02 1.073E+03 1.412E−01 8.465E−02 7.000E−01 9.170E+01 3.851E−01 2.597E+00 9.838E+02 1.114E+03 1.323E−01 9.838E+02 1.114E+03 1.323E−01 9.431E−02 8.000E−01 1.048E+02 4.388E−01 2.279E+00 1.021E+03 1.148E+03 1.246E−01 1.021E+03 1.148E+03 1.246E−01 1.037E−01 9.000E−01 1.179E+02 4.923E−01 2.031E+00 1.054E+03 1.178E+03 1.180E−01 1.054E+03 1.178E+03 1.180E−01 1.130E−01 1.000E+00 1.310E+02 5.454E−01 1.834E+00 1.083E+03 1.204E+03 1.121E−01 1.083E+03 1.204E+03 1.121E−01 1.221E−01 1.500E+00 1.965E+02 8.062E−01 1.240E+00 1.190E+03 1.298E+03 9.044E−02 1.190E+03 1.298E+03 9.044E−02 1.662E−01 2.000E+00 2.620E+02 1.060E+00 9.438E−01 1.261E+03 1.357E+03 7.622E−02 1.261E+03 1.357E+03 7.622E−02 2.089E−01 3.000E+00 3.930E+02 1.545E+00 6.471E−01 1.350E+03 1.428E+03 5.827E−02 1.350E+03 1.428E+03 5.827E−02 2.923E−01 4.000E+00 5.240E+02 2.006E+00 4.986E−01 1.404E+03 1.470E+03 4.727E−02 1.404E+03 1.470E+03 4.727E−02 3.744E−01 5.000E+00 6.550E+02 2.442E+00 4.094E−01 1.440E+03 1.498E+03 3.984E−02 1.440E+03 1.498E+03 3.984E−02 4.558E−01 6.000E+00 7.860E+02 2.857E+00 3.500E−01 1.467E+03 1.518E+03 3.449E−02 1.467E+03 1.518E+03 3.449E−02 5.367E−01 7.000E+00 9.170E+02 3.253E+00 3.074E−01 1.489E+03 1.534E+03 3.048E−02 1.489E+03 1.534E+03 3.048E−02 6.171E−01 8.000E+00 1.048E+03 3.629E+00 2.755E−01 1.506E+03 1.547E+03 2.738E−02 1.506E+03 1.547E+03 2.738E−02 6.971E−01 9.000E+00 1.179E+03 3.993E+00 2.505E−01 1.521E+03 1.559E+03 2.489E−02 1.521E+03 1.559E+03 2.489E−02 7.776E−01 1.000E+01 1.310E+03 4.335E+00 2.307E−01 1.534E+03 1.569E+03 2.292E−02 1.534E+03 1.569E+03 2.292E−02 8.564E−01 1.500E+01 1.965E+03 5.833E+00 1.714E−01 1.585E+03 1.613E+03 1.721E−02 1.585E+03 1.613E+03 1.721E−02 1.240E+00 2.000E+01 2.620E+03 7.055E+00 1.418E−01 1.629E+03 1.653E+03 1.502E−02 1.629E+03 1.653E+03 1.502E−02 1.609E+00 3.000E+01 3.930E+03 8.905E+00 1.123E−01 1.710E+03 1.736E+03 1.499E−02 1.710E+03 1.736E+03 1.499E−02 2.299E+00 4.000E+01 5.240E+03 1.022E+01 9.783E−02 1.787E+03 1.819E+03 1.769E−02 1.787E+03 1.819E+03 1.769E−02 2.932E+00 5.000E+01 6.550E+03 1.119E+01 8.936E−02 1.862E+03 1.902E+03 2.162E−02 1.859E+03 1.899E+03 2.118E−02 3.519E+00 6.000E+01 7.860E+03 1.192E+01 8.389E−02 1.933E+03 1.983E+03 2.611E−02 1.911E+03 1.954E+03 2.208E−02 4.067E+00 7.000E+01 9.170E+03 1.248E+01 8.012E−02 2.001E+03 2.063E+03 3.086E−02 1.951E+03 1.994E+03 2.207E−02 4.582E+00 8.000E+01 1.048E+04 1.292E+01 7.742E−02 2.067E+03 2.141E+03 3.565E−02 1.984E+03 2.028E+03 2.189E−02 5.070E+00 9.000E+01 1.179E+04 1.326E+01 7.543E−02 2.130E+03 2.216E+03 4.036E−02 2.013E+03 2.057E+03 2.178E−02 5.534E+00 1.000E+02 1.310E+04 1.353E+01 7.392E−02 2.191E+03 2.289E+03 4.495E−02 2.040E+03 2.085E+03 2.180E−02 5.978E+00 1.500E+02 1.965E+04 1.441E+01 6.942E−02 2.467E+03 2.628E+03 6.522E−02 2.159E+03 2.211E+03 2.396E−02 7.964E+00 2.000E+02 2.620E+04 1.513E+01 6.607E−02 2.706E+03 2.926E+03 8.127E−02 2.267E+03 2.332E+03 2.854E−02 9.680E+00

4.000E+02 5.240E+04 1.718E+01 5.821E−02 3.452E+03 3.861E+03 1.188E−01 2.647E+03 2.786E+03 5.267E−02 1.518E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

Iav nm−1

mfp nm

LTav keV/µm

LDav keV/µm

Var L

LTav 100

LDav 100

Var L100

Range µm

4.000E+02 5.240E+04 1.718E+01 5.821E−02 3.452E+03 3.861E+03 1.188E−01 2.647E+03 2.786E+03 5.267E−02 1.518E+01 5.000E+02 6.550E+04 1.789E+01 5.590E−02 3.747E+03 4.228E+03 1.285E−01 2.812E+03 2.990E+03 6.336E−02 1.748E+01 6.000E+02 7.860E+04 1.847E+01 5.415E−02 4.004E+03 4.545E+03 1.351E−01 2.961E+03 3.175E+03 7.220E−02 1.957E+01 7.000E+02 9.170E+04 1.897E+01 5.271E−02 4.243E+03 4.835E+03 1.395E−01 3.102E+03 3.349E+03 7.955E−02 2.161E+01 8.000E+02 1.048E+05 1.939E+01 5.157E−02 4.456E+03 5.090E+03 1.422E−01 3.230E+03 3.506E+03 8.523E−02 2.351E+01 9.000E+02 1.179E+05 1.976E+01 5.062E−02 4.651E+03 5.320E+03 1.437E−01 3.348E+03 3.648E+03 8.958E−02 2.534E+01 1.000E+03 1.310E+05 2.007E+01 4.982E−02 4.831E+03 5.528E+03 1.443E−01 3.458E+03 3.778E+03 9.281E−02 2.711E+01 1.500E+03 1.965E+05 2.115E+01 4.727E−02 5.551E+03 6.322E+03 1.390E−01 3.893E+03 4.272E+03 9.723E−02 3.540E+01 2.000E+03 2.620E+05 2.168E+01 4.611E−02 6.058E+03 6.829E+03 1.272E−01 4.184E+03 4.563E+03 9.064E−02 4.325E+01 3.000E+03 3.930E+05 2.188E+01 4.570E−02 6.684E+03 7.361E+03 1.013E−01 4.477E+03 4.792E+03 7.029E−02 5.879E+01 4.000E+03 5.240E+05 2.159E+01 4.632E−02 7.025E+03 7.595E+03 8.109E−02 4.566E+03 4.817E+03 5.484E−02 7.456E+01 5.000E+03 6.550E+05 2.110E+01 4.739E−02 7.211E+03 7.689E+03 6.623E−02 4.548E+03 4.755E+03 4.555E−02 9.084E+01 6.000E+03 7.860E+05 2.053E+01 4.871E−02 7.301E+03 7.707E+03 5.563E−02 4.485E+03 4.668E+03 4.082E−02 1.076E+02 7.000E+03 9.170E+05 1.994E+01 5.014E−02 7.332E+03 7.681E+03 4.760E−02 4.418E+03 4.584E+03 3.761E−02 1.251E+02 8.000E+03 1.048E+06 1.936E+01 5.165E−02 7.326E+03 7.630E+03 4.151E−02 4.349E+03 4.504E+03 3.552E−02 1.431E+02 9.000E+03 1.179E+06 1.879E+01 5.323E−02 7.289E+03 7.561E+03 3.743E−02 4.277E+03 4.426E+03 3.477E−02 1.618E+02 1.000E+04 1.310E+06 1.824E+01 5.483E−02 7.236E+03 7.484E+03 3.425E−02 4.207E+03 4.351E+03 3.438E−02 1.811E+02 1.500E+04 1.965E+06 1.583E+01 6.316E−02 6.835E+03 7.044E+03 3.065E−02 3.864E+03 4.017E+03 3.959E−02 2.876E+02 2.000E+04 2.620E+06 1.396E+01 7.164E−02 6.386E+03 6.619E+03 3.637E−02 3.563E+03 3.740E+03 4.944E−02 4.104E+02 3.000E+04 3.930E+06 1.127E+01 8.876E−02 5.581E+03 5.904E+03 5.773E−02 3.083E+03 3.309E+03 7.312E−02 7.045E+02 4.000E+04 5.240E+06 9.439E+00 1.059E−01 4.939E+03 5.347E+03 8.276E−02 2.724E+03 2.988E+03 9.679E−02 1.062E+03 5.000E+04 6.550E+06 8.179E+00 1.223E−01 4.460E+03 4.921E+03 1.034E−01 2.452E+03 2.742E+03 1.185E−01 1.470E+03 6.000E+04 7.860E+06 7.232E+00 1.383E−01 4.076E+03 4.576E+03 1.228E−01 2.235E+03 2.545E+03 1.386E−01 1.931E+03 7.000E+04 9.170E+06 6.495E+00 1.540E−01 3.763E+03 4.290E+03 1.403E−01 2.059E+03 2.382E+03 1.570E−01 2.440E+03 8.000E+04 1.048E+07 5.906E+00 1.693E−01 3.502E+03 4.049E+03 1.562E−01 1.913E+03 2.245E+03 1.740E−01 2.996E+03 9.000E+04 1.179E+07 5.423E+00 1.844E−01 3.282E+03 3.842E+03 1.706E−01 1.789E+03 2.128E+03 1.896E−01 3.596E+03 1.000E+05 1.310E+07 5.019E+00 1.992E−01 3.093E+03 3.661E+03 1.838E−01 1.682E+03 2.026E+03 2.041E−01 4.240E+03 1.500E+05 1.965E+07 3.705E+00 2.699E−01 2.443E+03 3.017E+03 2.350E−01 1.317E+03 1.662E+03 2.628E−01 8.051E+03 2.000E+05 2.620E+07 2.982E+00 3.354E−01 2.059E+03 2.613E+03 2.692E−01 1.100E+03 1.435E+03 3.043E−01 1.274E+04 3.000E+05 3.930E+07 2.208E+00 4.529E−01 1.625E+03 2.125E+03 3.076E−01 8.568E+02 1.161E+03 3.550E−01 2.421E+04 4.000E+05 5.240E+07 1.802E+00 5.550E−01 1.385E+03 1.834E+03 3.239E−01 7.232E+02 9.975E+02 3.794E−01 3.786E+04 5.000E+05 6.550E+07 1.551E+00 6.447E−01 1.233E+03 1.639E+03 3.288E−01 6.390E+02 8.876E+02 3.891E−01 5.315E+04 6.000E+05 7.860E+07 1.381E+00 7.241E−01 1.128E+03 1.497E+03 3.275E−01 5.812E+02 8.081E+02 3.902E−01 6.972E+04 7.000E+05 9.170E+07 1.258E+00 7.951E−01 1.051E+03 1.390E+03 3.227E−01 5.392E+02 7.474E+02 3.862E−01 8.731E+04 8.000E+05 1.048E+08 1.164E+00 8.589E−01 9.919E+02 1.305E+03 3.159E−01 5.073E+02 6.996E+02 3.791E−01 1.057E+05 9.000E+05 1.179E+08 1.091E+00 9.168E−01 9.454E+02 1.237E+03 3.081E−01 4.824E+02 6.609E+02 3.700E−01 1.248E+05 1.000E+06 1.310E+08 1.031E+00 9.696E−01 9.077E+02 1.180E+03 2.998E−01 4.624E+02 6.288E+02 3.600E−01 1.444E+05

XENON-132 IONS: A=132 Z=54 (a) Instantaneous Data

∆M=−89.28650 MeV Mc2=1.2287E+05 MeV

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

1.000E−01 1.320E+01 2.149E−07 0.000E+00 1.454E−01 6.876E+00 8.308E+02 8.308E+02 2.788E−02 4.068E+02 1.500E−01 1.980E+01 3.223E−07 0.000E+00 2.188E−01 4.570E+00 9.547E+02 9.547E+02 3.519E−02 3.490E+02 2.000E−01 2.640E+01 4.297E−07 0.000E+00 2.789E−01 3.586E+00 1.030E+03 1.030E+03 4.179E−02 3.135E+02 3.000E−01 3.960E+01 6.446E−07 0.000E+00 4.172E−01 2.397E+00 1.154E+03 1.154E+03 5.376E−02 2.703E+02 4.000E−01 5.280E+01 8.595E−07 0.000E+00 5.297E−01 1.888E+00 1.225E+03 1.225E+03 6.478E−02 2.438E+02 5.000E−01 6.600E+01 1.074E−06 0.000E+00 6.518E−01 1.534E+00 1.285E+03 1.285E+03 7.521E−02 2.254E+02 6.000E−01 7.920E+01 1.289E−06 0.000E+00 7.863E−01 1.272E+00 1.336E+03 1.336E+03 8.523E−02 2.115E+02 7.000E−01 9.240E+01 1.504E−06 0.000E+00 8.879E−01 1.126E+00 1.368E+03 1.368E+03 9.496E−02 2.006E+02 8.000E−01 1.056E+02 1.719E−06 0.000E+00 9.929E−01 1.007E+00 1.395E+03 1.395E+03 1.045E−01 1.917E+02

1.843E+02 1.000E+00 1.320E+02 2.149E−06 0.000E+00 1.216E+00 8.227E−01 1.442E+03 1.442E+03 1.230E−01 1.779E+02 1.500E+00 1.980E+02 3.223E−06 0.000E+00 1.778E+00 5.624E−01 1.515E+03 1.515E+03 1.674E−01 1.559E+02 2.000E+00 2.640E+02 4.297E−06 0.000E+00 2.222E+00 4.500E−01 1.548E+03 1.548E+03 2.104E−01 1.424E+02 3.000E+00 3.960E+02 6.446E−06 0.000E+00 3.195E+00 3.129E−01 1.586E+03 1.586E+03 2.943E−01 1.260E+02 4.000E+00 5.280E+02 8.595E−06 0.000E+00 3.943E+00 2.536E−01 1.602E+03 1.602E+03 3.771E−01 1.159E+02 5.000E+00 6.600E+02 1.074E−05 0.000E+00 4.715E+00 2.121E−01 1.613E+03 1.613E+03 4.591E−01 1.089E+02 6.000E+00 7.920E+02 1.289E−05 0.000E+00 5.520E+00 1.811E−01 1.624E+03 1.624E+03 5.406E−01 1.036E+02 7.000E+00 9.240E+02 1.504E−05 0.000E+00 6.100E+00 1.639E−01 1.632E+03 1.632E+03 6.216E−01 9.945E+01 8.000E+00 1.056E+03 1.719E−05 0.000E+00 6.674E+00 1.498E−01 1.642E+03 1.642E+03 7.021E−01 9.607E+01 9.000E+00 1.188E+03 1.934E−05 0.000E+00 7.244E+00 1.381E−01 1.652E+03 1.652E+03 7.832E−01 9.323E+01 1.000E+01 1.320E+03 2.149E−05 0.000E+00 7.811E+00 1.280E−01 1.664E+03 1.664E+03 8.626E−01 9.081E+01 1.500E+01 1.980E+03 3.223E−05 0.000E+00 1.025E+01 9.754E−02 1.736E+03 1.736E+03 1.250E+00 8.244E+01 2.000E+01 2.640E+03 4.297E−05 0.000E+00 1.180E+01 8.475E−02 1.807E+03 1.807E+03 1.621E+00 7.730E+01 3.000E+01 3.960E+03 6.446E−05 0.000E+00 1.426E+01 7.010E−02 1.984E+03 1.984E+03 2.316E+00 7.104E+01 4.000E+01 5.280E+03 8.594E−05 0.000E+00 1.549E+01 6.457E−02 2.132E+03 2.132E+03 2.954E+00 6.720E+01 5.000E+01 6.600E+03 1.074E−04 0.000E+00 1.630E+01 6.134E−02 2.293E+03 2.241E+03 3.545E+00 6.452E+01 6.000E+01 7.920E+03 1.289E−04 0.000E+00 1.679E+01 5.958E−02 2.465E+03 2.252E+03 4.097E+00 6.252E+01 7.000E+01 9.240E+03 1.504E−04 0.000E+00 1.696E+01 5.898E−02 2.592E+03 2.273E+03 4.616E+00 6.093E+01 8.000E+01 1.056E+04 1.719E−04 0.000E+00 1.701E+01 5.879E−02 2.720E+03 2.304E+03 5.108E+00 5.965E+01 9.000E+01 1.188E+04 1.934E−04 0.000E+00 1.697E+01 5.892E−02 2.850E+03 2.342E+03 5.576E+00 5.857E+01 1.000E+02 1.320E+04 2.148E−04 0.000E+00 1.686E+01 5.932E−02 2.981E+03 2.386E+03 6.023E+00 5.764E+01 1.500E+02 1.980E+04 3.222E−04 0.000E+00 1.758E+01 5.689E−02 3.492E+03 2.603E+03 8.025E+00 5.446E+01 2.000E+02 2.640E+04 4.296E−04 0.000E+00 1.903E+01 5.254E−02 4.005E+03 2.868E+03 9.753E+00 5.250E+01 3.000E+02 3.960E+04 6.443E−04 0.000E+00 2.071E+01 4.829E−02 4.710E+03 3.278E+03 1.272E+01 5.012E+01 4.000E+02 5.280E+04 8.589E−04 0.000E+00 2.203E+01 4.539E−02 5.377E+03 3.697E+03 1.529E+01 4.865E+01

E/A keV/A

E keV

ß2 z2/ß2 I nm−1

mfp nm

LET keV/µm

L100 keV/µm

R µm

W eV

4.000E+02 5.280E+04 8.589E−04 0.000E+00 2.203E+01 4.539E−02 5.377E+03 3.697E+03 1.529E+01 4.865E+01 5.000E+02 6.600E+04 1.073E−03 0.000E+00 2.289E+01 4.368E−02 5.886E+03 4.028E+03 1.761E+01 4.764E+01 6.000E+02 7.920E+04 1.288E−03 0.000E+00 2.340E+01 4.274E−02 6.229E+03 4.255E+03 1.972E+01 4.687E+01 7.000E+02 9.240E+04 1.502E−03 0.000E+00 2.396E+01 4.173E−02 6.676E+03 4.551E+03 2.177E+01 4.627E+01 8.000E+02 1.056E+05 1.717E−03 0.000E+00 2.426E+01 4.122E−02 6.962E+03 4.739E+03 2.369E+01 4.578E+01 9.000E+02 1.188E+05 1.931E−03 0.000E+00 2.449E+01 4.084E−02 7.223E+03 4.909E+03 2.554E+01 4.537E+01 1.000E+03 1.320E+05 2.145E−03 0.000E+00 2.464E+01 4.058E−02 7.461E+03 5.060E+03 2.732E+01 4.502E+01 1.500E+03 1.980E+05 3.215E−03 0.000E+00 2.461E+01 4.064E−02 8.139E+03 5.443E+03 3.567E+01 4.380E+01 2.000E+03 2.640E+05 4.283E−03 0.000E+00 2.364E+01 4.230E−02 8.414E+03 5.470E+03 4.358E+01 4.306E+01 3.000E+03 3.960E+05 6.415E−03 1.125E+05 2.171E+01 4.606E−02 8.410E+03 5.170E+03 5.924E+01 4.215E+01 4.000E+03 5.280E+05 8.540E−03 1.024E+05 1.978E+01 5.056E−02 8.210E+03 4.722E+03 7.512E+01 4.159E+01 5.000E+03 6.600E+05 1.066E−02 9.476E+04 1.827E+01 5.475E−02 7.957E+03 4.290E+03 9.153E+01 4.121E+01 6.000E+03 7.920E+05 1.277E−02 8.960E+04 1.724E+01 5.802E−02 7.744E+03 4.125E+03 1.085E+02 4.092E+01 7.000E+03 9.240E+05 1.487E−02 8.285E+04 1.588E+01 6.298E−02 7.420E+03 3.948E+03 1.260E+02 4.069E+01 8.000E+03 1.056E+06 1.697E−02 7.847E+04 1.499E+01 6.669E−02 7.184E+03 3.822E+03 1.442E+02 4.050E+01 9.000E+03 1.188E+06 1.906E−02 7.439E+04 1.417E+01 7.058E−02 6.947E+03 3.696E+03 1.630E+02 4.034E+01 1.000E+04 1.320E+06 2.115E−02 7.055E+04 1.339E+01 7.467E−02 6.709E+03 3.570E+03 1.825E+02 4.021E+01 1.500E+04 1.980E+06 3.147E−02 5.795E+04 1.084E+01 9.225E−02 5.831E+03 3.114E+03 2.898E+02 3.975E+01 2.000E+04 2.640E+06 4.163E−02 4.814E+04 8.861E+00 1.129E−01 5.049E+03 2.713E+03 4.136E+02 3.946E+01 3.000E+04 3.960E+06 6.147E−02 3.784E+04 6.797E+00 1.471E−01 4.136E+03 2.250E+03 7.099E+02 3.912E+01 4.000E+04 5.280E+06 8.071E−02 3.044E+04 5.325E+00 1.878E−01 3.416E+03 1.888E+03 1.070E+03 3.891E+01 5.000E+04 6.600E+06 9.936E−02 2.586E+04 4.568E+00 2.189E−01 3.041E+03 1.651E+03 1.482E+03 3.876E+01

3.865E+01 7.000E+04 9.240E+06 1.350E−01 2.007E+04 3.524E+00 2.838E−01 2.475E+03 1.335E+03 2.458E+03 3.856E+01 8.000E+04 1.056E+07 1.520E−01 1.826E+04 3.202E+00 3