The primary objective of analyzing crude botanical material is to assure the identity, purity, and quality of the ingredient. This is relatively easy to do with a single sample that has been specifically gathered for that purpose, such as is often done by academicians for the purpose of publishing scientific papers. However, it is more difficult from a commercial perspective with samples that are part of a 100, 500, 1,000, or 10,000 kilo lot of material that has passed through many hands and often consists of multiple batches mixed into one.