One active area in nanocarbon science is the development of new

materials for energy application. This includes high-performance

materials with specific characteristics, such as electrode materials

for Li-ion batteries (LIBs), supercapacitors, fuel cells, and hydro-

gen storage. Although significant achievement has been obtained

in electrochemical energy storage using conventional materials,

nanostructured materials are indicated to have more potential to

be explored for advanced energy conversion and storage devices,

for instance, the development of next-generation energy storage

devices with a high power density and high energy density for elec-

tric and hybrid electric vehicles [1, 2].