Bioterrorism Act of 2002 231 Good Manufacturing Practices (Code of Federal Regulations Title 21, Part 110) 232 Acidied Foods Regulations (Code of Federal Regulations Title 21, Part 114) 232 Juice HACCP Rule (Code of Federal Regulations Title 21, Part 120) 233 Product Labeling (Code of Federal Regulations Title 21, Part 101) 235

Beverage Categories 236 Juice and Juice-Based Drinks 236 Tea 238 Formulated Drinks 239 Carbonated Beverages 239

Processing and Packaging of Juices and Formulated Drinks 240 Juice Processing 240

Juices and functional drinks (those that provide a health benet beyond basic nutrition) are very popular products in the American market and include a variety of products, such as fruit and vegetable-based juices and drinks; teas; soy-, rice-, and almond-based drinks; yogurt drinks and smoothies; enhanced bottled waters; energy drinks; sports drinks; and so forth. On average, Americans consume 28 liters of single-strength (100% pure juice) fruit juice per year, with orange, apple, and grape juices being the category leaders (USDA, 2008). e juice and juice drink market reached $18.9 billion in 2010, but the consumption has remain unchanged in the United States since 2006, indicating that the market is in need of new alternatives to attract new consumers and increase overall consumption (Mintel, 2010b). e functional beverage market was valued at $9 billion in 2009, and it has been projected to reach $9.7 billion during the 2009-2014 period, reecting a net decline after adjusting by ination, mainly due to consumer economic concerns and lack of condence on beverage health or performance claims (Mintel, 2010a).