DOI link for Target Tracking,
Target Tracking, book
Tracking radar systems are used to measure the target’s relative position in range, azimuth angle, elevation angle, and velocity. Then, by using and keeping track of these measured parameters the radar can predict their future values. Target tracking is important to military radars as well as to most civilian radars. In military radars, tracking is responsible for fire control and missile guidance; in fact, missile guidance is almost impossible without proper target tracking. Commercial radar systems, such as civilian airport traffic control radars, may utilize tracking as a means of controlling incoming and departing airplanes.