Technology has positively influenced our world in many innovative ways: medicine, aviation, education, business, engineering, and, as an added bonus, a smartphone can tell you how long the wait is for your favorite ride at Disney. However, technology obviously has spawned many negative side effects discussed in this book. It is safe to say that with every technological advancement comes a new vulnerability that a hacker can exploit. In addition, this rapid advancement causes gaps with security compliance rules, digital evidence handling, and the law. In this chapter, you will be introduced to the prevalent compliance standards, evidence rules, laws for acquiring evidence, case law, and e-discovery. These are all topics security professionals need to understand to do their job effectively.