Chapter 6

6.1 Motivation and History

On the one hand, randomness is the basis for statistics. If you do not accept the concept of randomness, then you cannot practice statistics. On the other hand, statistical algorithms on the computer are, for the most part, deterministic. Even though they might produce so-called random numbers, they are usually designed to generate reproducible numbers. Indeed, reproducibility is even one of the intrinsic requirements for any scientific study. This kind of pseudorandomness will be discussed in the chapter. This means that we will introduce so-called generators of pseudorandom numbers, i.e. we will discuss the randomization of numbers.