Modelling binary outcome data
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In epidemiology we are most often concerned with deciding how a risk factor is related to disease (or death). If we decide to develop statistical models to represent the relationship between risk factor and disease, it is natural to take the risk factor as the
variable and the disease outcome as the
variable in the model (Section 9.1). Implicitly, it is the
variable that is a potential cause of the
variable and not vice versa.