## ABSTRACT

Classical electromagnetics in free space leaves no room for accommodation of a light particle. To underline this, it is sufficient to remember that Einstein in order to reach his lightquantum (energy-quantum) hypothesis had to mix classical theoretical physics with a piece of experimental information that defies description in classical terms. In his 1905-paper Einstein concluded [60]:Monochromatic radiation of low density (within the range of validity of Wien’s radiation formula) behaves thermodynamically as though it consisted of a number of mutually independent energy quanta of magnitude hν. The introduction of light quanta in the Wien regime (the high-frequency part of the Planck blackbody radiation law) is the first step toward the concept of electromagnetic radiation as a Bose gas of photons [180, 39, 68, 69]. Although a photon gas obeys Bose-Einstein statistics for all frequencies the statistical independence assumed by Einstein in 1905 is not true in general. Einstein used Boltzmann statistics when he conjectured the existence of light quanta. In the Wien regime Boltzmann and Bose-Einstein statistics lead to the same conclusion since the mean number of particles (photons) with a given energy is much less than one. The circumstance that the light quanta are not statistically independent in Bose-Einstein counting finds its explanation in quantum mechanics. Hence, the statistical correlation is induced by the requirement of totally symmetric wave functions.