QUANTIZATION OF RADIATION FIELD
DOI link for QUANTIZATION OF RADIATION FIELD
QUANTIZATION OF RADIATION FIELD book
In atomic, nuclear and particle physics we come across several situations where particles or radiation quanta (photons) are created or destroyed. For example in the beta decay of the neutron, a neutron is annihilated and a proton, electron and antineutrino are created. In some situations the interaction of radiation with matter can result in creation or annihilation of a pair of electron and positron. Such processes cannot be understood on the basis of (non-relativistic or relativistic) single particle wave equations because in such theories the probability ψ∗ψdτ (of finding the particle in the region of space dτ) when integrated over the whole space, results in unity at all times and so the existence of the particle is always guaranteed. Hence in the framework of single particle wave equation it is not possible to understand the creation or annihilation of particles. Even a simple process in which an atom undergoes a transition from an excited to the ground state by spontaneous emission of a photon in the absence of a perturbing electromagnetic field cannot be explained within this framework.