Culicines ◾ Adults: Females have nonplumose antennae too, palps much shorter than proboscis,

wing veins not block-like scales; feed parallel (horizontal) to host ◾ Eggs: Laid in rafts or singly with no oats (“life rafts”) ◾ Larvae: Always have siphons, rest at 45° angle to water surface ◾ Pupae: Trumpets short or long, but not broad apically, non-“Shrek,” no spines on seg-

ments 2-7 (Figure 23.3)

Note: P. falciparum trophozoites within human RBCs. Note: P. falciparum sexual gametocytes within human RBCs-infect female Anopheles.