Agile methods have become very popular because of the promise to deliver superior quality products in significantly shorter time frames than traditional practices. Along with meeting an organization’s needs and business goals, agile methods focus on satisfying stakeholders and the end user. This chapter discusses two agile methods only: Scrum and XP. There are in fact other agile methods, however, this chapter discusses the two methods that are considered to be the most popular. Additional agile methods are covered in Chapter 17. Scrum and XP are the main agile methods that are covered on the PMI-ACP exam.*
Scrum is considered to be a lightweight agile method that uses practices, events, roles, artifacts, and rules for project execution. This method is supported by three “pillars” that guide all facets of the Scrum project:
1. Transparency: Everything on a Scrum project is visible to all who have a stake in the outcome.