Dr. Smith from GEU received an additional appointment at the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Medical Center. She wanted to conduct her animal work at the VA for several reasons. Housing is plentiful there, per diems are less, and the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) does not inspect the VA site. Dr. Smith had been awarded a National Institutes of Health (NIH) grant to support the research she would conduct at the VA. As part of the research, she proposed to conduct survival surgery on guinea pigs. Dr. Smith prepared and sent the VA’s IACUC a protocol for review and approval. GEU and the VA have an established memorandum of understanding (MOU) that indicates that when Public Health Service (PHS) funds (e.g., NIH) are used to support animal activities conducted at the VA, GEU will be the primary recipient (i.e., grantee) and the funding will be rerouted to the VA to support activities performed at the VA.